About this topic
Summary This category concerns German philosophy in the 17th and 18th century. Though predating the period of "classical German philosophy", this is an enormously important period in the history of German thought, and one which saw the publication of the first philosophical texts in the German language. Works in this category cover, among other figures and topics, Leibniz, German Schulphilosophie, Pietistic thought, the Pantheismusstreit, Kant, and the early reception of Kant's Critical idealism. 
Key works Key works from this period (available in English translation) include Kant's first, second, and third Critiques, Mendelssohn's Morning Hours, Christian Wolff's German Metaphysics, A. G. Baumgarten's Metaphysics, and C. A. Crusius' Sketch of the Necessary Truths of Reason (translations of selections from these latter texts can be found in Watkins 2009).
Introductions The best overview of German thought in this period is Beck's magisterial  Early German Philosophy. Guyer 1992 and Guyer 2006 are useful introductions to Kant's thought in particular, and Beiser 1987 offers an engaging account of the debates and figures surrounding the Pantheismusstreit in the later 18th century.
Related categories
Subcategories:
Immanuel Kant (29,758 | 375)
Kant: Metaphysics and Epistemology (11,265 | 3,184)

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  1. Fichtes Transzendentalphilosophie: ein urteilstheoretischer Ansatz zum Begriff des Objekts.Chiu Yui Plato Tse - 2018 - Dissertation,
    Die Arbeit behandelt Fichtes frühe Wissenschaftslehre in einer kombinierten historischen und systematischen Perspektive. Zum einen wird Fichtes Vorhaben der Wissenschaftslehre in den historischen Kontext der kantischen und nachkantischen Philosophie gestellt. Dabei spielt neben dem Werk Kants, insbesondere der Kritik der reinen Vernunft, dessen (meta-)kritische Rezeption durch K. L. Reinhold und S. Maimon eine wichtige Rolle. Zum anderen behandelt die Arbeit Fichtes frühe Wissenschaftslehre als Beitrag zu einer nicht-empirischen, „transzendentalen“ Theorie gültigen Gegenstandsbezugs. Dabei kommen grundsätzliche Überlegungen zum methodischen und doktrinalen Charakter (...)
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  2. Transcendental Idealism and the Self-Knowledge Premise.Chiu Yui Plato Tse - 2020 - Journal of Transcendental Philosophy 1 (1):19-41.
    The relation between transcendental idealism and philosophical naturalism awaits more careful determination, i. e. whether the issue of their compatibility hinges on their ontological view on the relation between physical and mental phenomena (i. e. whether it is supervenience or emergence) or on their epistemological view on our access to mental content. The aim of this paper is to identify a tension between transcendental idealism and philosophical naturalism, which lies not in their ontological view on the nature of substances, but (...)
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  3. Tetens’s Writings on Method, Language, and Anthropology.Scott Stapleford, Curtis Sommerlatte & Courtney D. Fugate (eds.) - 2022 - London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    Containing all of the key writings leading up to the publication of his Philosophical Essays in 1777, this volume presents complete works by Johann Nicolaus Tetens (1736-1807) in English for the very first time. These important essays focus on method in metaphysics and mathematics, the analysis of language, and various anthropological questions that occupied thinkers of the period. Key features of the volume include: · Accurate, readable translations · Detailed scholarly notes · A substantial introduction situating Tetens's works in historical (...)
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  4. How a Kantian Ideal Can Be Practical.Alexander T. Englert - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant states that ideas give us the rule for organizing experience and ideals serve as archetypes or standards against which one can measure copies. Further, he states that ideas and ideals can be practical. Understanding how precisely these concepts should function presents a challenging and understudied philosophical puzzle. I offer a reconstruction of how ideas and ideals might be practical in order to uphold, to my mind, a conceptually worthy distinction. A practical idea, I (...)
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  5. Träume eines Geistersehers, erläutert durch Träume der Metaphysik (transl. in Greek, Ekkremes Publishings, Athens, 2020).Stelios Gadris - 2020 - Athens, Greece: Ekkremes.
    Greek translation of Immanuel Kant's 1966 short treatise: Träume eines Geistersehers, erläutert durch Träume der Metaphysik.
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  6. Theoretical Virtues in Eighteenth-Century Debates on Animal Cognition.Hein van den Berg - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-35.
    Within eighteenth-century debates on animal cognition we can distinguish at least three main theoretical positions: (i) Buffon’s mechanism, (ii) Reimarus’ theory of instincts, and (iii) the sensationalism of Condillac and Leroy. In this paper, I adopt a philosophical perspective on this debate and argue that in order to fully understand the justification Buffon, Reimarus, Condillac, and Leroy gave for their respective theories, we must pay special attention to the theoretical virtues these naturalists alluded to while justifying their position. These theoretical (...)
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  7. Mechanical Philosophy: Reductionism and Foundationalism.Tzuchien Tho - 2020 - Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences.
  8. Kritische Oder Genetische Methode (1883).Wilhelm Windelband - 1907 - In Präludien. Tübingen: Mohr Verlag. pp. 318-354.
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  9. Metaphysics, in Three Books: Ontology, Cosmology, and Psychology. Trans. By Bosanquet.Hermann Lotze - 1887 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  10. Sapienti Os in Corde, Stulto Cor in Ore Esse – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius on Natural Duties Concerning Free Thought and Free Speech.Katerina Mihaylova - forthcoming - In Frank Grunert & Knud Haakonssen (eds.), Love as the Principle of Natural Law. The Natural Law Theory of Johann Gottlieb Heineccius and its Contexts. Leiden, Niederlande:
    In his "Elementa Iuris Naturae et Gentium" Johann Gottlieb Heineccius presents a unique account of love as the principle of natural law, referring to the main concern of early modern protestant theories of natural law: the importance of securing subjective rights by a law. Heineccius accepts the universal character of subjective rights derived from human nature, claiming their protection as natural duties required by a law. This chapter provides an attempt to explain the specific ways in which Heineccius deals with (...)
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  11. The Emergence of Modern Dialectic.Mehmet Karabela - 2013 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 8.
  12. Vielfalt-Individualität-Gesetz: Wilhelm von Humboldts politische Theorie.Roberta Pasquarè - 2009 - SOLon-Line.
    Der Kerngedanke der politischen Theorie des Wilhelm von Humboldt ist äußerst schlicht und übersichtlich: In seinen "Ideen zu einem Versuch, die Gränzen der Wirksamkeit des Staats zu bestimmen" heißt es, dass die Funktion des Staats auf die Erhaltung der inneren und auswärtigen Sicherheit beschränkt werden soll. Diese Staatsauffassung findet ihre Begründung in einer Anthropologie, die dem Menschen das Recht und zugleich die Aufgabe zuweist, durch das spontane Zusammenwirken mit den anderen seine Potenzialitäten zur Entfaltung zu bringen. Schlicht und übersichtlich wie (...)
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  13. L'individuo, lo Stato, la storia: il progresso nel pensiero politico di Wilhelm von Humboldt.Roberta Pasquarè - 2007 - Rivista Della Scuola Superiore Dell'economia E Delle Finanze.
    This article was originally published in January 2007 on the online version of the journal “Rivista della scuola superiore dell'economia e delle finanze”. Since the journal’s webpage does not exist anymore, I have uploaded a PDF of the article as it was published in January 2007. In questo articolo esamino l'idea humboldtiana di progresso. Più precisamente, ricostruisco come Wilhelm von Humboldt teorizzi il progresso del singolo individuo, del cittadino e del genere umano. Secondo la mia ricostruzione, l’idea humboldtiana di progresso (...)
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  14. Vernunft und Vertrag. Die konservative Wende des Wilhelm von Humboldt.Roberta Pasquarè - 2012 - Würzburg, Deutschland: Königshausen & Neumann.
    Im politischen Denken des Wilhelm von Humboldt findet eine konservative Wende statt: Von den radikalen Freiheitsansprüchen der Frühschriften bleibt in den Denkschriften des späten Staatsmannes kaum noch etwas erhalten. In diesem Band wird Humboldts konservative Wende textimmanent freigelegt, historisch situiert und systematisch ergründet. Insbesondere wird Humboldts Konservatismus auf seine zunehmende Angst vor der Demokratie zurückgeführt, was nach seinem Verständnis das schädliche Ergebnis der neuzeitlichen Vernunftrechts- und Vertragslehre darstellt. Aus diesem Grund wird Humboldts konservative Wende letzthin durch seine bereits in der (...)
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  15. Logikdiagramme Und Logikmaschinen Aus der Zittauer Schule Um Christian Weise.Jens Lemanski - 2019 - Neues Lausitzische Magazin 141 (1):39-57.
    A particularly promising trail on the search for forgotten logic diagrams leads to Upper Lusatia in the 17th century, more precisely to Christian Weise and his students. Samuel Grosser, who later became rector in Görlitz, and Johann Christian Lange, who later became professor of logic at the University of Gießen, are the most prominent to have published remarkable logic diagrams. Even more remarkable, however, is the fact that Lange's interest in these diagrams ultimately gave rise to the idea of building (...)
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  16. 230 Jahre Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklärung?Carina Pape & Holger Sederström - 2018 - Hannover, Deutschland: Wehrhahn.
    Die Aufklärung wurde als historische Denkbewegung oft kritisiert, ihre (vermeintliche) Dialektik aufgedeckt und die Kluft zwischen ihren ursprünglichen Zielen und ihren Konsequenzen angesichts der Kriege und Krisen des 20. Jahrhunderts beschrieben. Trotz dieser Kritik sind Begriff und Epoche der Aufklärung nach wie vor von großer gesellschaftlicher Bedeutung. Grundforderungen der Aufklärung wie Freiheit, Öffentlichkeit, überprüfbares Wissen, Mündigkeit, Emanzipation und Selbstreflexion stellen eine fortwährende Herausforderung dar. Noch heute liefert sie Impulse für demokratische Bewegungen. Und auch (wissenschafts-)didaktisch erscheint sie zeitlos: Moderne Begriffe wie (...)
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  17. 'All Is Leaf'. Goethe's Plant Philosophy and Poetry.Ina Goy - 2019 - In Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.), Philosophy of Biology Before Biology. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 146-169.
    In "The Metamorphosis of Plants" (1790) and the related didactic poem (1798) Goethe describes the generation and development of plants as six metamorphoses of the primal plant and its organ, the leaf. In a first step, I will try to analyze the nature of the primal plant and its organ, the leaf. Is the primal plant and its organ, the leaf, an idea or does it consist in matter? If it is an idea, is it the idea of all plants (...)
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  18. Kants Theorie der Erfahrung.Hermann Cohen - 1871 - Berlin: Ferd. Dümmler.
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  19. Uber Das Religiose Gefuhl.G. Gerber - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14:90.
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  20. Martha Hanna, The Mobilization of Intellect: French Scholars and Writers During the Great War Reviewed By.Hoke Robinson - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (5):329-331.
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  21. Immanuel Kant: sette domande di filosofia filosofica del diritto.Amedeo G. Conte - 2008 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia Del Diritto 85 (1):1-11.
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  22. Dialectic as the 'Self-Fulfillment' of Logic.Dieter Wandschneider - 2010 - In Nektarios Limnatis (ed.), The Dimensions of Hegel's Dialectic. London, New York: Continuum. pp. 31–54.
    The scope of my considerations here is defined along two lines, which seem to me of essential relevance for a theory of dialectic. On the one hand, the form of negation that – as self-referring antinomical negation – gains a quasi-semantic expulsory force [Sprengkraft] and therewith a forwarding [weiterverweisenden] character; on the other hand, the notion that every logical category is defective insofar as the explicit meaning of a category does not express everything that is already implicitly presupposed for its (...)
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Alexander Baumgarten
  1. Rationalism and Kant's Rejection of the Ontological Argument.Dai Heide - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (4):583-606.
    Kant rejects the ontological argument on the grounds that the ontological argument inescapably must assume that existence is a “determination” or “real predicate,” which it is not. Most understand Kant’s argument for this claim to be premised upon his distinctive proto-Fregean theory of existence. But this leaves Kant dialectically vulnerable: the defender of the ontological argument can easily reject this as question-begging. I show that Kant relies upon two distinct arguments, both of which contend that the claim that existence is (...)
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  2. The Science of the Soul and the Unyielding Architectonic: Kant Versus Wolff on the Foundations of Psychology.Michael Bennett McNulty - 2021 - In Saulo de Freitas Araujo, Thiago Constâncio Ribeiro Pereira & Thomas Sturm (eds.), The Force of an Idea: New Essays on Christian Wolff's Psychology. pp. 251–69.
    Thorough comparison of Immanuel Kant’s and Christian Wolff’s divergent appraisals of the science of psychology reveals various ways in which Kant fundamentally altered the Wolffian philosophical apparatus that he inherited. Wolff conceived of a thoroughgoing interplay between empirical and rational psychology, of combining different sorts of cognition in psychology, and of a mathematical science of the soul, or psychometrics. Kant however rejected each of these particular theses and deemed psychology to be no natural science, “properly so-called.” This chapter details these (...)
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  3. Einzigartigkeit. Die Logik des Genuinen und ihre Genealogie aus der Logik.Stefan Färber - 2019 - In Unarten. Kleist und das Gesetz der Gattung. Bielefeld, Deutschland: pp. 71-92.
  4. 18th Century German Philosophy Prior to Kant.Corey W. Dyck & Brigitte Sassen - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  5. Gewissen. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf das 18. Jahrhundert.Katerina Mihaylova & Simon Bunke - 2015 - Würzburg, Deutschland: Königshausen & Neumann.
  6. Die Vermessung des Sinnlichen. Zur Etablierung der empirischen Ästhetik und ihrer Bedeutung für die Kunstpädagogik.Nicolas Kleinschmidt - 2017 - BDK-MItteilungen 4:37-39.
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  7. Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseoto­pi­sche Überlegungen zur Auf­klä­rung und ihren Folgen.Hans Adler - 2018 - Kantian Journal 37 (1):40-61.
  8. Kant’s Debt to Baumgarten in His Religious (Un‐)Grounding of Ethics.Toshiro Osawa - 2018 - Kant Yearbook 10 (1):105-123.
    Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s ethics had a significant influence on the formation of Kant’s ethics. The extent of this influence, however, has not been sufficiently investigated by existing Kant scholarship. Filling this gap, this paper aims to reveal Baumgarten’s substantial influence on the formation of Kant’s ethics, particularly the complex ways in which Kant’s ethics retains the concept of God as crucial for ensuring that his ethics persist under the scrutiny of reason. In a systematic comparison of the ethics of the (...)
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  9. Über Die Unsterblichkeit der Seele.Corey W. Dyck & Georg Friedrich Meier (eds.) - 2018 - Hildesheim: Olms.
    Meier’s Gedancken von dem Zustande der Seele nach dem Tode (Gedancken) deserves a prominent place among treatments of the immortality of the soul in 18th century German philosophy, both within and without the Wolffian tradition of rational psychology. It does not wilt next to Mendelssohn’s Phädon in its quality of expression, and might even be compared with Kant’s discussion in the Paralogisms chapter of his Kritik der reinen Vernunft in terms of the boldness of its argument and its philosophical rigour. (...)
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  10. Wahrscheinliche Weltweisheit. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgartens Metaphysik des Erkennens und Handelns.Alexander Aichele - 2017 - Hamburg: Meiner.
    Die Untersuchung analysiert deswegen nach einem einleitenden Vorschlag zur Bestimmung des Verhältnisses von Logik und Metaphysik im Anschluss an Leibniz Baumgartens Erkenntnistheorie in ihrer charakteristischen Komplementarität von Ästhetik und Logik, die das gesamte Feld aller möglichen Gewissheit, d. h. des Bewusstseins der Wahrheit der verschiedensten Erkenntnisse, abdecken. Darüber hinaus erörtert sie auch deren mögliche Gegenstände, nämlich die Beschaffenheit der Dinge, wie sie das Wissen Gottes als eine ideale Metaphysik enthielte. Auf der Grundlage einer Ontologie teilweise unbestimmer aktualer Existenz kommt Baumgarten (...)
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  11. Anna-Maria C. Bartsch: Form Und Formalismus. Stationen der Ästhetik Bei Baumgarten, Kant Und Zimmermann, Würzburg 2017. [REVIEW]Martina Sauer - 2018 - Sehepunkte. Rezensionsjournal für Geschichtswissenschaften 18 (7/8).
  12. Clear and Distinct Ideas in Eighteenth Century Germany: Metaphysics, Logic, Aesthetics.Colin McQuillan - 2017 - In Manuel Sánchez-Rodríguez & Miguel Escribano (eds.), Leibniz en Dialogo. Seville: Themata.
  13. Naturalizing Aesthetics: Art and the Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision.William Seeley - 2006 - Journal of Visual Arts Practice 5 (3):195-213.
    Recent advances in out understanding of the cognitive neuroscience of perception have encouraged cognitive scientists and scientifically minded philosophers to turn their attention towards art and the problems of philosophical aesthetics. This cognitive turn does not represent an entirely novel paradigm in the study of art. Alexander Baumgarten originally introduced the term ‘aesthetics’ to refer to a science of perception. Artist’s formal methods are a means to cull the structural features necessary for constructing clear perceptual representations from the dense flux (...)
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  14. Reflections on PoetryOn the Aesthetic Education of Man.Charles Edward Gauss, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, Karl Aschenbrenner, William B. Holther, Friedrich Schiller & Reginald Snell - 1955 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 13 (4):537.
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  15. The Emergence of Modern Aesthetic Theory: Religion and Morality in Enlightenment Germany and Scotland.Simon Grote - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Broad in its geographic scope and yet grounded in original archival research, this book situates the inception of modern aesthetic theory – the philosophical analysis of art and beauty - in theological contexts that are crucial to explaining why it arose. Simon Grote presents seminal aesthetic theories of the German and Scottish Enlightenments as outgrowths of a quintessentially Enlightenment project: the search for a natural 'foundation of morality' and a means of helping naturally self-interested human beings transcend their own self-interest. (...)
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  16. Baumgarten and Kant on Rational Theology: Deism, Theism, and the Role of Analogy.Brian Chance & Lawrence Pasternack - 2019 - In Courtney Fugate (ed.), Kant's Lectures of Metaphysics. Cambridge University Press.
    In both his published works and lecture notes Kant distinguishes between Transcendental and Natural Theology, associating the former with Deism and the latter with Theism. The purpose of this paper is to explore these distinctions, particularly as they are shaped by Kant’s engagement with Baumgarten’s Philosophical Theology.
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  17. Felix Aestheticus und Animal Symbolicum. Alexander G. Baumgarten - die,,vierte Quelle" der Philosophie Ernst Cassirers?Steffen W. Gross - 2001 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 49 (2):275-298.
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  18. Rationalism and Perfectionism.Stefano Bacin - 2017 - In Sacha Golob & Jens Timmermann (eds.), The Cambridge History of Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 379-393.
    The chapter provides a brief survey of the moral views of some of the main writers advocating rationalist conceptions in philosophical ethics in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Germany, prior to Reid and Kant: Samuel Clarke, William Wollaston, John Balguy, Richard Price, Christian Wolff (along with his adversary Christian August Crusius), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten.
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  19. Kierkegaard’s Сoncept of the Аesthetics and Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten.Ihor Pasitschnyk - 2016 - Sententiae 34 (1):124-131.
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  20. Alexander Baumgarten: Metaphysics. A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations. Selected Notes, and Related Materials. Transl. And Ed. With an Introduction by Courtney D. Fugate and John Hymers. London/New Delhi/New York/Sydney: Bloomsbury, 2013. 471 P. ISBN 978-1-4411-3294-9. [REVIEW]Sophie Grapotte - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (1):152-155.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 1 Seiten: 152-155.
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  21. Kant and Herder on Baumgarten's Aesthetica.Angelica Nuzzo - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):577-597.
    Angelica Nuzzo - Kant and Herder on Baumgarten's Aesthetica - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 577-597 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Kant and Herder on Baumgarten's Aesthetica Angelica Nuzzo While philosophers since antiquity have offered reflections and theories on subjects such as the beautiful, the sublime, art, and its appreciation, "aesthetics" as a discipline in its own right dates back only to the second half of the eighteenth-century. We owe to (...)
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  22. Forces and Causes in Kant’s Early Pre-Critical Writings.Eric Watkins - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):5-27.
    This paper considers Kant’s conception of force and causality in his early pre-Critical writings, arguing that this conception is best understood by way of contrast with his immediate predecessors, such as Christian Wolff, Alexander Baumgarten, Georg Friedrich Meier, Martin Knutzen, and Christian August Crusius, and in terms of the scientific context of natural philosophy at the time. Accordingly, in the True estimation Kant conceives of force in terms of activity rather than in terms of specific effects, such as motion. Kant’s (...)
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  23. Kant's Rationalist Aesthetics.Rachel Zuckert - 2007 - Kant-Studien 98 (4):443-463.
    It is quite standard, even banal, to describe Kant's project in the Critique of Pure Reason [KrV] as a critical reconciliation of rationalism and empiricism, most directly expressed in Kant's claim that intuitions and concepts are two distinct, yet equally necessary, and necessarily interdependent sources of cognition. Similarly, though Kant rejects both the rationalist foundation of morality in the concept of perfection and that of the empiricists in feeling or in the moral sense, one might broadly characterize Kant's moral philosophy (...)
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  24. Baumgarten and Kant on Metaphysics.Courtney D. Fugate & John Hymers (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume explores the metaphysics of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten and its decisive influence on Immanuel Kant. Eleven specially written essays by leading scholars of German philosophy will boost further the growth of interest in Baumgarten as a key figure in the history of European thought.
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  25. Kant’s Lectures on Ethics and Baumgarten’s Moral Philosophy.Stefano Bacin - 2015 - In Lara Denis & Oliver Sensen (eds.), Kant's Lectures on Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15-33.
    The chapter shows how Kant’s ethical thought as reflected in the lectures, responds to Baumgarten’s works on moral philosophy. I argue that Kant chose Baumgarten’s textbooks for his classes for genuinely philosophical reasons. The thorough discussion of Baumgarten’s views provided Kant with important clues for developing an original position, even if mostly in opposition to Baumgarten. I illustrate this complex role of Baumgarten with a few significant examples, that also highlight some original aspects of Baumgarten’s position in comparison to Wolff’s: (...)
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  26. Wie die Morgenröthe zwischen Nacht und Tag Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten und die Begründung der Kulturwissenschaften in Frankfurt an der Oder.Anselm Haverkamp - 2002 - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte 76 (1):3-26.
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  27. Kant e i moralisti tedeschi. Wolff, Baumgarten, Crusius.Susanna Del Boca - 1937 - L. Loffredo.
  28. Der Begriff der Welt bei Wolff, Baumgarten, Crusius und Kant : eine Untersuchung zur Vorgeschichte von Kants Weltbegriff von 1770.Chang Won Kim - 2004 - Peter Lang.
    Richard Kroner hat 1921 sein bekanntes Werk Von Kant bis Hegel veröffentlicht. Das Gegenstück dazu, eine Darstellung unter dem Titel Von Wolff bis Kant, ist dagegen leider bis heute ein Desiderat der Forschung geblieben. Zumindest für einen wichtigen Teilaspekt, die Geschichte des Weltbegriffs, die schließlich in Kants Antinomienlehre kulminiert, leistet diese Arbeit eine bedeutsame Vorarbeit. Zugleich werden am Leitfaden dieses Schlüsselproblems aber auch Grundlinien der Gesamtentwicklung von Wolff bis Kant zumindest in Umrissen sichtbar.
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1 — 50 / 36070