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Oct 18th 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Expert Reports by Large Multidisciplinary Groups: The Case of the International Panel on Climate Change.Isabelle Drouet, Daniel Andler, Anouk Barberousse & Julie Jebeile - unknown
    Recent years have seen a notable increase in the production of scientific expertise by large multidisciplinary groups. The issue we address is how reports may be written by such groups in spite of their size and of formidable obstacles: complexity of subject matter, uncertainty, and scientific disagreement. Our focus is on the International Panel on Climate Change, unquestionably the best-known case of such collective scientific expertise. What we show is that the organization of work within the IPCC aims to make (...)
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  2. Diachronic Constitution.Michael Kirchhoff & Julian Kiverstein - unknown
    It is often argued that constitution and causation are different kinds of metaphysical relations. Constitution, like other grounding relations, is assumed to be synchronic, while causation is diachronic. It is this synchronic-diachronic division that, more than other difference-makers, is argued to distinguish grounding relations such as constitution from causation. This paper develops an account of a species of constitution that happens over time. We call this type of constitution, diachronic constitution. We show how diachronic constitution is a consequence of a (...)
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  3.  1
    Fundamentality.Steven French - forthcoming - In Eleanor Knox & Alastair Wilson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics.
    The idea that there is some fundamental “level” or “ground” where our description of the world bottoms out has acquired the status of ‘the received view’ in metaphysics ; for a more recent critical defense, see Cameron, 2008). Typically this view is cashed out in terms of some set of ‘basic building blocks’ populating this level, which sits at the bottom of a hierarchy ordered according to some set of compositional principles. These fundamental building blocks are thus taken to have (...)
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  4. ОТВЕТСТВЕННЫЙ ИСКУССТВЕННЫЙ ИНТЕЛЛЕКТ: ВВЕДЕНИЕ «КОЧЕВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ИСКУССТВЕННОГО ИНТЕЛЛЕКТА» ДЛЯ ЦЕНТРАЛЬНОЙ АЗИИ.Ammar Younas - manuscript
    Мы предлагаем, чтобы Центральная Азия разработала свои собственные принципы этики ИИ, которые мы предлагаем назвать “кочевыми принципами ИИ”.
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Oct 17th 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Body, Mind, and Spirit: The Crack in the Western Model.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    A brief reflection on the mind-body problem and its implications for the way we conceive of ourselves and live our lives.
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  2. God and the Numbers.Paul Studtmann - manuscript
    According to Augustine, abstract objects are ideas in the Mind of God. Because numbers are a type of abstract object, it would follow that numbers are ideas in the Mind of God. Let us call such a view the Augustinian View of Numbers (AVN). In this paper, I present a formal theory for AVN. The theory stems from Studtmann’s symmetry conception of God (2021). I show that Robinson’s Arithmetic is a conservative extension of the axioms in Studtmann’s original paper. The (...)
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Oct 16th 2021 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1.  4
    The Paradox of Social Interaction : Shared Intentionality, We-Reasoning and Virtual Bargaining.Nick Chater, Hossam Zeitoun & Tigran A. Melkonyan
    Social interaction is both ubiquitous and central to understanding human behavior. Such interactions depend, we argue, on shared intentionality: the parties must form a common understanding of an ambiguous interaction. Yet how can shared intentionality arise? Many well-known accounts of social cognition, including those involving “mind-reading,” typically fall into circularity and/or regress. For example, A’s beliefs and behavior may depend on her prediction of B’s beliefs and behavior; but B’s beliefs and behavior depend in turn on her prediction of A’s (...)
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volume 8, issue ?, 2021
  1. The Arrival of the Smartest: In Favour of a Pluralistic Account of the Evolution of Cognition.Giorgio Airoldi
    The great advances of the last decades both in cognitive theories and in evolutionary biology have not yet fully merged. Most evolutionary hypotheses around the mind still rely on classical cognitivism, while most theories of cognition still look for adaptive explanations. We believe that the merging of novel cognitive theories into a pluralistic account can greatly improve our understanding of both what cognition is and how it evolved.
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  2. The Representational Theory of Mind and Common Sense Psychology.Raquel Krempel
    The goal of this paper is to present some advantages of the representational and computational theories of mind when compared to other views, especially behaviorism. The idea is that representational and computational theories allow us to conceive propositional attitudes in a way that preserves two essential features we take them to have in common sense psychological explanations: semantic evaluability and causal efficacy. Behaviorism reconceives mental states in a way that doesn’t preserve these essential features. In so doing, it makes a (...)
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  3. Why Later Wittgenstein Was Not a Therapist.Victor Loughlin
    Wittgenstein famously regarded philosophy as an activity and not as a body of doctrine. And yet within the secondary literature there is little agreement as to what Wittgenstein took the purpose of that activity to be. In this paper, I claim that the purpose of philosophical activity, at least according to the Later Wittgenstein, was to solve philosophical problems. As support for this claim, I argue that our everyday talk about the mind presents us with a philosophical problem about the (...)
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  4. Descriptive Reference Fixing and Epistemic Privileges.Marco Ruffino
    Donnellan argues for a radical limitation of Kripke’s thesis concerning the possibility of contingent truths knowable a priori as a result of descriptive reference fixing for names. According to the former, in the absence of some form of acquaintance between the speaker and the object of knowledge, there can be no de re singular knowledge envisaged by Kripke. And in the presence of acquaintance, there can be no a priori knowledge. On the other hand, Jeshion argues that Donnellan’s main argument (...)
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  5.  5
    Mnemonic Causation, Construction, and the Particularity of Episodic Memory.André Sant’Anna
    The idea that episodic memory is memory of particulars is prominent in philosophy. The particularity of remembering, as I will call it, has been taken for granted in most recent theorizing on the subject. This is because the classical causal theory of memory, which has been extremely influential in philosophy, is said to provide a straightforward account of particularity. But the causal theory has been criticized recently, in particular due to its inability to make sense of the constructive character of (...)
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volume 100, issue ?, 2021
  1.  3
    Kantian Moral Agency and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.Riya Manna & Rajakishore Nath
    This paper discusses the philosophical issues pertaining to Kantian moral agency and artificial intelligence. Here, our objective is to offer a comprehensive analysis of Kantian ethics to elucidate the non-feasibility of Kantian machines. Meanwhile, the possibility of Kantian machines seems to contend with the genuine human Kantian agency. We argue that in machine morality, ‘duty’ should be performed with ‘freedom of will’ and ‘happiness’ because Kant narrated the human tendency of evaluating our ‘natural necessity’ through ‘happiness’ as the end. Lastly, (...)
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  2.  1
    Aristotle and Johnston on Hylomorphism and the Character of Objects.Christos Y. Panayides
    As M. Loux has recently reminded us, there are two basic strategies for explaining the character of particular objects, the ‘relational approach’ and the ‘constituent approach’. The prime example of a constituent approach would be Aristotelian hylomorphism. This article reveals three things. First, it gives a roadmap towards what the author considers to be the exegetically correct reconstruction of Aristotle’s hylomorphic theory. Second, it provides a presentation of the basic claims of a neo-Aristotelian hylomorphic theory, the one argued for by (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  6
    The Primacy of Intention and the Duty to Truth: A Gandhi-Inspired Argument for Retranslating Hiṃsā_ and _Ahiṃsā, with Connections to History, Ethics, and Civil Resistance.Todd Davies -
    The words "violence" and "nonviolence" are increasingly misleading translations for the Sanskrit words hiṃsā and ahiṃsā -- which were used by Gandhi as the basis for his philosophy of satyāgraha. I argue for re-reading hiṃsā as “maleficence” and ahiṃsā as “beneficence.” These two more mind-referring English words – associated with religiously contextualized discourse of the past -- capture the primacy of intention implied by Gandhi’s core principles, better than “violence” and “nonviolence” do. Reflecting a political turn in moral accountability detectable (...)
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  2. Por que somos o nosso cérebro: O Enativismo Posto em Questão.Roberto Horácio Pereira, Sergio Farias de Souza Filho & Victor Machado Barcellos - manuscript
    In this essay we will argue for the following theses: 1- know-how is not a form of practical knowledge devoid of propositional sense; 2- the relationship between each perception and the body itself is metaphysically contingent (organisms and bodies can vary, as can even the spaces they occupy in the same experience vary), 3- it is up to the brain to configure or to shape a physical body (Körper) into a living body (Leib) and not the other way around; 4- (...)
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Oct 15th 2021 GMT
New books
  1.  5
    Dictatorship of the Proletariat + Bureaucracy = End of Socialism? The Question of Ways Out of the Dead Ends.Klaus Ulrich Robra -
    The topic may initially suggest that massive reductionism is pursued with it. Why this is not the case, can be explained as follows: 'Dictatorship of the proletariat', 'bureaucracy' and 'bureaucratization' are key terms through which new aspects, facts and connections of the questions about socialism can be opened again and again.
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volume 121, issue , 2020
  1.  5
    Probabilities of Conditionals and Previsions of Iterated Conditionals.Giuseppe Sanfilippo, Angelo Gilio, David E. Over & Niki Pfeifer
    We analyze selected iterated conditionals in the framework of conditional random quantities. We point out that it is instructive to examine Lewis's triviality result, which shows the conditions a conditional must satisfy for its probability to be the conditional probability. In our approach, however, we avoid triviality because the import-export principle is invalid. We then analyze an example of reasoning under partial knowledge where, given a conditional if A then Cas information, the probability of A should intuitively increase. We explain (...)
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volume 176, issue , 2020
  1.  3
    The Life You Do Not Save: Reflections on the Causal Element in the Notion of a Decision's Consequences.Weyma Lübbe
    Ever since Savage represented acts by reference to their consequences, it has remained unclear how this conceptual move and its implications for evaluating acts may be reconciled with what is treated as people's acts in everyday talk and in our societies' legal practices. The present contribution, first, comments on applied and theoretical debates to emphasize the systematic relevance of Savage's move. It then focuses on the purportedly causal element in the term "consequence." A simple case shows how the idea that (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  24
    Plentitude, Essence, and the Mental.Alex Grzankowski & Ray Buchanan - manuscript
    Your belief that Obama is a Democrat wouldn’t be the belief that it is if it didn't represent Obama, nor would the pain in your ankle be the state that is if, say, it felt like an itch. Accordingly, it is tempting to hold that phenomenal and representational properties are essential to the mental states that have them. But, as several theorists have forcefully argued (including Kripke (1980) and Burge (1979, 1982)) this attractive idea is seemingly in tension with another (...)
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Oct 12th 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  12
    The Constitution of Objects by Systems.David L. Thompson - manuscript
    Against the concept that objects are defined by their self-contained essence – “thing-in-themselves” – Husserl and Foucault claim they are defined by intersubjectivity or social institutions. I argue that biological and even physical (complex) systems can constitute the unity and meaning of objects.
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  2.  19
    Chomsky Vis-a-Vis the Methodology of Science.Thomas Johnston - manuscript
    (1) In the first part of this paper, I review Chomsky's meandering journey from the formalism/mentalism of Syntactic Structures, through several methodological positions, to the minimalist theory of his latest work. Infected with mentalism from first to last, each and every position vitiates Chomsky's repeated claims that his theories will provide useful guidance to later theories in such fields as cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience. With the guidance of his insights, he claims, psychologists and neuroscientists will be able to avoid (...)
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Oct 11th 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  7
    ANNEX to The Logic of Causation.Avi Sion - manuscript
    Avi Sion's book The Logic of Causation (2010) could not include all relevant tables (which either justified or applied various doctrines in the book), due to their sizes or quantity. These additional tables were made available to interested readers at time of publication in the author's website The Logician. The present 'Annex' collects in one pdf file the numerous original pdf files, to facilitate download. The file is almost 0.5 Gb in size, and contains almost 108,000 pages.
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Oct 9th 2021 GMT
New books
  1.  19
    The Co-Ascription of Ordered Lexical Pairs: A Cognitive-Science-Based Semantic Theory of Meaning and Reference: Part 2.Thomas Johnston - manuscript
    (1) This is Part 2 of the semantic theory I call TM. In Part 1, I developed TM as a theory in the analytic philosophy of language, in lexical semantics, and in the sociology of relating occasions of statement production and comprehension to formal and informal lexicographic conclusions about statements and lexical items – roughly, as showing how synchronic semantics is a sociological derivative of diachronic, person-relative acts of linguistic behavior. I included descriptions of new cognitive psychology experimental paradigms which (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  4
    The Gutenberg Oracle: Theory, Discursive Practice, Writing and Orality.Victor Mota - manuscript
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  2.  9
    Mindfullness in the Return to Self: Recomposing the Subject Before Reconciliation with the World.Victor Mota - manuscript
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  3.  4
    Writing And Social Life As A Metaphysical Theory: Essay Of A Definitive Statement Of The Relationship Between The Ory And Praxis,Social Popular Common Sense And Academic Scholar Knowledge.Victor Mota - manuscript
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  4.  4
    WRITING AND SOCIAL LIFE AS A METAPHYSICAL THEORY: ESSAY OF A DEFINITIVE STATEMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEORY AND PRAXIS, SOCIAL POPULAR COMMON SENSE AND ACADEMIC SCHOLAR KNOWLEDGE. [REVIEW]Victor Mota - manuscript
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  5.  2
    NIHILIST SYNDROME: DOES THE SENSE OF PERFECTION MAKE THE ARTIST SUFFER?Victor Mota - manuscript
  6.  3
    THE SYMBOLIC SIGN and KINETIC ECONOMY: MORAL LIBERATION, PATHOS OR METAPHYSIC SLAVERY?Victor Mota - manuscript
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  7.  3
    THE SYMBOLIC SIGN and KINETIC ECONOMY: MORAL LIBERATION, PATHOS OR SLAVERY METAPHYSICS?Victor Mota - manuscript
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Oct 8th 2021 GMT
New books
  1.  5
    Strong Continuity of Life and Mind: The Free Energy Framework, Predictive Processing and Ecological Psychology.Matthew Sims - 2021 - Dissertation, University of Edinburgh
    Located at the intersection of philosophy of cognitive science and philosophy of biology, this thesis aims to provide a novel approach to understanding the strong continuity between life and mind. This thesis applies the Free Energy Framework, predictive processing and the conceptual apparatus from ecological psychology to reveal different manners in which the organizational processes and principles underlying life have been enriched so as to result in cognitive processes. By using these anticipatory cognitive frameworks this thesis unveils different forms of (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  21
    Contextualizing Objects.David L. Thompson - manuscript
    Four philosophers, Husserl, Wittgenstein, Dennett, and Hegel, who hold for the most part radically different philosophies, all agree on rejecting the notion of atomic entities, of “things-in-themselves,” and insist that objects only make sense – can only be what they are -- in a context.
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Oct 5th 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  31
    The Solution to the Sorites Paradox.Andrew Boucher - manuscript
    The solution to the Sorites Paradox is discussed.
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  2.  15
    Outline of a Paradox of Moral Hesitation.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    In this paper, I present an outline of a paradox which is a variation on the lottery paradox and concerns whether we can ignore hesitant moral judgments.
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Oct 4th 2021 GMT
volume 27, issue ?, 2021
  1.  3
    Feng Shui Cosmology and Philosophy in Native Americans’ Worldview.Sergii Rudenko, Yaroslav Sobolievskyi & Changming Zhang
    In studying the characteristics of cultures, literature and philosophies of different civilisations, scholars inevitably wish to search for similar and different features inherent in particular societies. When this desire is completely justified, then certain questions remain that require additional reflection. For instance, studying the cosmological and natural-philosophical ideas inherent in Ancient China and among Native Americans, scholars face the difficult task of logically substantiating the possibility of studying these two diametrically opposed cultures together. This article is based on a general (...)
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Manuscripts
  1. Anthropomorphism and the Impact on the Perception and Implementation of AI Systems.Marie Oldfield -
    Anthropomorphism has long been used as a way for humans to make sense of their surroundings. By converting abstract concepts into objects or concepts that we can relate to we discover a common language with which we can communicate i.e "by which one thing is described in terms of another" ?. Anthropomorphism is based in multiple fields such as, sociology, psychology, neurology philosophy etc. This technique has been seen across history in such fields as religion, fables and folk takes where (...)
     
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  2. An Unstable Environment: The Economic Case for Getting Asylum Decisions Right First Time.Marie Oldfield - manuscript
    Marie Oldfield, Pro Bono Economics & Refugee Council. Over half the total applications for asylum the UK receives each year are initially rejected, yet nearly a third of these initial rejections are subsequently overturned on appeal. This process that fails to get decisions right first time imposes significant costs, not just on the applicants themselves, but also more widely on UK taxpayers. Asylum seekers are not entitled to welfare benefits nor employment except in some limited cases, and are often placed (...)
     
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  3. Technical Challenges and Perception : Does AI Have a PR Issue?Marie Oldfield - manuscript
    From collecting robust data, to modelling the real world and interpreting output, modelling is a complex undertaking. Increasingly, models have been highlighted that not only disadvantage society but those whom the model was originally designed to benefit. An increasing number of legal challenges around the world illustrate this. A surge of recent work has focussed on the technical but not necessarily the real-world challenges for practitioners. Through two studies we conduct an investigation into perception and real-world needs within industry. In (...)
     
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Oct 2nd 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  12
    Consciousness and Universal Axiology.William C. Lane - manuscript
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  2.  25
    Job and the Problem of Evil: Some Thoughts.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    Is it reasonable to believe in a God of love in the face of life's many evils? In this essay I consider how the biblical book of Job raises and responds to this question.
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Oct 1st 2021 GMT
volume 17, issue 2, 2021
  1.  13
    Famine, Affluence, and Amorality.David Sackris
    I argue that the debate concerning the nature of first-person moral judgment, namely, whether such moral judgments are inherently motivating or whether moral judgments can be made in the absence of motivation, may be founded on a faulty assumption: that moral judgments form a distinct kind that must have some shared, essential features in regards to motivation to act. I argue that there is little reason to suppose that first-person moral judgments form a homogenous class in this respect by considering (...)
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volume 35, issue 3, 2021
  1.  5
    More Sloppy Reasoning About Survival.Stephen Braude
    In my writings on the evidence for postmortem survival. I’ve made no secret of the fact that I consider much of the literature on the subject to be very shabby, usually because the authors are empirically myopic or inferentially-challenged. That is, writers on survival notoriously ignore or treat very superficially relevant areas of research having their own extensive literatures, and too often they seem unable to formulate valid arguments. In Braude, 2003 I explored these deficiencies in great detail. Here, I’d (...)
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  2.  4
    Parra and the Journal of Scientific Exploration.Stephen Braude
    Michael Nahm’s report in this issue of the JSE deftly presents many of the scholarly offenses perpetrated by Alejandro Parra. Some of those not mentioned had to do with Parra’s submissions to the JSE, and I feel it’s important to add those to the record. JSE published a retraction notice earlier this year and provided examples of Parra’s plagiarism. Moreover, the Journal rejected another paper in which we found substantial plagiarism. But Parra’s boldest effort was his submission, under his own (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  26
    Origins of Objectivity.David L. Thompson - manuscript
    Tomasello offers an evolutionary, palaeoanthropological account of the human origin of objects and objectivity. Husserl gives a phenomenological account of the constitution of objects by intersubjectivity. Comparing the two, I claim that Tomasello’s “naturalized” approach closely parallels Husserl’s transcendental approach.
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Sep 30th 2021 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Introduction: Derrida and Asian Thought.Steven Burik - unknown
    More than fifteen years after Jacques Derrida passed away, he remains a controversial figure in philosophy. Much maligned, both when he was alive and after his death, Derrida’s relation to philosophy proper has always been an uneasy one, not least because of his relentless questioning of the notion of "philosophy proper" itself. It is this relentless interrogation of the history and presuppositions of Western philosophy that has made him an attractive figure to comparative philosophy. Many of the authors in this (...)
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  2.  4
    The Ehrenfests’ Use of Toy Models to Explore Irreversibility in Statistical Mechanics.Joshua Luczak & Lena Zuchowski - unknown
    This article highlights and discusses the Ehrenfests’ use of toy models to explore irreversibility in statistical mechanics. In particular, we explore their urn and P–Q models and highlight that, while the former was primarily used to provide a simple counter-example to Zermelo’s objection to Boltzmann’s statistical mechanical underpinning of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the latter was intended to highlight the role and importance of the Stoßzahlansatz as a cause of the tendency of systems to exhibit entropy increase. We also (...)
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  3.  11
    Reply to Critics: Collective (Telic) Virtue Epistemology.J. Adam Carter - 2021 - In Mark Alfano, Jeroen de Ridder & Colin Klein (eds.), Social Virtue Epistemology.
    Here I reply to criticisms by Jeroen de Ridder and S. Kate Devitt to my "Collective Virtue Epistemology".
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  4.  7
    Reply to Gardiner on Virtues of Attention.J. Adam Carter - 2021 - In Mark Alfano, Jerone de Ridder & Colin Klein (eds.), Social Virtue Epistemology.
    Here I reply to Georgi Gardiner's recent essay on the virtues of attention.
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  5.  4
    Reply to Watson on the Social Virtue of Questioning.J. Adam Carter - 2021 - In Mark Alfano, Jerone de Ridder & Colin Klein (eds.), Social Virtue Epistemology.
    I reply to Lani Watson's recent article on the social virtue of questioning.
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1 — 50 / 73