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Oct 1st 2022 GMT
New books
  1. Making of the Problem: Induction From Socrates to Popper.John P. McCaskey - manuscript
    A comprehensive history of how induction has been conceived, from Socrates to Karl Popper.
     
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  1.  11
    The Simplicity of Physical Laws.Eddy Keming Chen - manuscript
    Physical laws are strikingly simple, although there is no a priori reason they must be so. I propose that nomic realists of all types (Humeans and non-Humeans) should accept that simplicity is a fundamental epistemic guide for discovering and evaluating candidate physical laws. This principle of simplicity clarifies and solves several problems of nomic realism and simplicity. A consequence is that the often-cited epistemic advantage of Humeanism over non-Humeanism is exaggerated, undercutting an influential epistemological argument for Humeanism. Moreover, simplicity is (...)
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  2. The Psychology of Specialization and the Origins of Money.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper raises a worry that it is difficult to reconcile Adam Smith’s claims about the relationship of specialization to talent and character with his account of the origins of money. Specialization makes one stupid outside of one’s specialism yet money arises by specialists also providing what everyone wants.
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  3.  1
    Der logische Aufbau der Welt: Formale Aspekte.Thomas Mormann - manuscript
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Sep 30th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Dorothea Versus John Locke’s Philosophy.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I interpret George Eliot as objecting to John Locke in Middlemarch – more specifically, his theory of ideas – by means of her account of Dorothea’s experiences of Edward Casaubon at dinner.
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  2.  5
    Standpoints and Subjective Facts About Consciousness.Martin A. Lipman - manuscript
    The starting point of this paper is the thought that the phenomenal appearances that accompany mental states are somehow only there, or only real, from the standpoint of the subject of those mental states. The world differs across subjects in terms of which appearances obtain. Not only are subjects standpoints across which the world varies, subjects are standpoints that we can moreover ‘adopt’ in our own theorizing about the world (or stand back from). The picture that is suggested by these (...)
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Sep 29th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  7
    A Compensatory Solution to the All-or-Nothing Problem.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    The all-or-nothing problem, formulated by Joe Horton, presents us with a situation in which you can do nothing or save one child or save two. It is dangerous to save any, making doing nothing morally permissible, but there is no extra danger in saving two, so it seems wrong to just save one. But then doing nothing is morally better than saving one. I present a solution in response to this problematic result, which is that doing nothing is not an (...)
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  2.  7
    When “Replicability” is More Than Just “Reliability”: The Hubble Constant Controversy.Vera Matarese & C. D. McCoy - manuscript
    We argue that the epistemic functions of replication in science are best understood by their role in assessing kinds of experimental error. Direct replications serve to assess the reliability of an experiment through its precision: the presence and degree of random error. Conceptual replications serve to assess the validity of an experiment through its accuracy: the presence and degree of systematic errors. To illustrate the aptness of this view, we examine the Hubble constant controversy in astronomy, showing how astronomers have (...)
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Sep 28th 2022 GMT
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  1.  6
    Henrika Kuklick on the Functionalist Paradigm in British Social Anthropology.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    In Britain and also in France, arguments have been put forward against the claim that there are or have been paradigms in British social anthropology. But historian of anthropology Henrika Kuklicka supposes that there was a paradigm from the late 1920s to just before the 1960s. I raise an objection to her portrait of this research community and observe that her text implies two quite different replies.
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Sep 27th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  10
    Marxism as a Learning Process: The Epistemic Rationality of Precedential Reasoning.Stephen D'Arcy -
    My aim in this paper is fairly modest. I obviously do not claim that there has never been or could never be an instance of irrational or fallacious appeals to quotations from canonical sources in the marxist tradition. Instead, I claim that the practice of using quotations from canonical sources is not, as such, irrational. If we understand the epistemological infrastructure of the practice -- the rational underpinnings of it -- we can grasp how these citations appeal to the presumptive (...)
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  2.  5
    Do Ut Des- On the Gratuitouness of Bliss in the Liberal Capital Society.Victor Mota - manuscript
    A logic path between moral principles of social organization of religious rules and the economiy of belief in industrial societies. I argue that some lifes may be like currency, a Good and a Bad Side, due to the dilema betwee profit and spiritual reasons.
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  3.  7
    Multitudo Virtutis Dilectio: How Singularity Crambles with the Masses.Victor Mota -
    Solitude. Is being with other without the other, is being with other, among the masses. Has de integrality of personhood something to loss with social contact? We believe not, we need war words and deeds.
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  4.  5
    Salvifici Doloris- How Religion Glorifies Suffering.Victor Mota - manuscript
    The social and personal utility of mental and physical suffering, exploration of the ideia that pain can be tolerated if we belive and so on euthanasia is not mandatory to several cases.
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  5.  9
    Ought-Implies-Can, the Original Position, and Reflective Equilibrium.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Are John Rawls’s most noticeable methodological contributions, reflective equilibrium and the original position, consistent with each other? I draw attention to a worry that they stand in inconsistent relationships to the claim that ought implies can: it can only be the case that we ought to do something if we can do it.
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  6.  21
    Resolution by Proxy.Samuel Elgin - manuscript
    I show that the theory of definition in Definition by Proxy can consistently embrace the principles I show to be inconsistent in Definition.
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  7.  14
    The Partial Coherence of Cicero’s De Officiis.Thornton Lockwood - manuscript
    Martha Nussbaum has provided a sustained critique of Cicero’s De officiis (or On Duties), concerning what she claims is Cicero’s incoherent distinction between duties of justice, which are strict, cosmopolitan, and impartial, and duties of material aid, which are elastic, weighted towards those who are near and dear, and partial. No doubt, from Nussbaum’s cosmopolitan perspective, Cicero’s distinction between justice and beneficence seems problematic and lies at the root of modern moral failures to conceptualize adequately our obligations in situations of (...)
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Sep 26th 2022 GMT
New books
  1.  7
    “Graphomania” in Told by an Idiot, and Crowds.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper examines what is said about a craze for essay writing in Rose Macauley’s 1923 essayistic novel Told by an Idiot, comparing the material with Milan Kundera on graphomania. In the appendix, I note a passage on crowds which is reminiscent of the widely read European author.
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  1.  26
    Supererogation and the Limits of Reasons.Nathaniel Baron-Schmitt & Daniel Munoz - manuscript
  2.  7
    In Vino Veritas: A New Way of Understanding the Intoxication of Knowledge.Victor Mota - manuscript
  3.  16
    Love, Reason, and Irreplaceability (Draft).Christopher Grau - manuscript
    This is a draft of a talk I have given at several venues. At one point I planned to revise it for inclusion in the Oxford Handbook I co-edited, but for various reasons I decided against that. Since I still think it contains some useful material, I'm uploading it here.
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  4.  8
    Cheerfulness (Hilaritas).Valtteri Viljanen - manuscript
    The first (September 2022) draft for the forthcoming Spinoza Cambridge Lexicon. Please do not quote, but comments are welcome.
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  5.  2
    Pantheism Controversy.Valtteri Viljanen - manuscript
    The first (September 2022) draft for the forthcoming Spinoza Cambridge Lexicon. Please do not quote, but comments are welcome.
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Sep 25th 2022 GMT
New books
  1.  9
    Human Enhancement and Well-Being: A Case for Optimism.Emma C. Gordon - 2022 - Routledge.
    This book outlines and criticises the six main contemporary arguments for scepticism about the role of human enhancements in promoting well-being. It also defends important and concrete ways in which enhancement-permissive policies should be embraced with the aim of promoting well-being.
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    The Social Organism Analogy in British Anthropology and Analytic Political Philosophy.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This is a one page handout, which specifies four uses of the social organism analogy in British structural-functionalist anthropology and contrasts these uses with uses in analytic political philosophy.
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  2. Tell Me Who You're With: Gossip and Social Lie in Modern Societies.Victor Mota - manuscript
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  3. The Sex of Angels: The Body-Mind Dilema Revisited.Victor Mota - manuscript
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Sep 24th 2022 GMT
New books
  1. The Routledge Handbook of Autonomy.Ben Colburn (ed.) - 2022 - Routledge.
    A comprehensive survey of the key topics, debates and problems surrounding autonomy. Comprising over 40 chapters by an international team of contributors, the Handbook is essential reading for those in political philosophy, ethics, applied ethics and philosophy of law.
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  1.  8
    Between the Original Original Position and Nationalism.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    In this paper, I present a way in which John Rawls’s original position thought experiment can be brought closer to nationalism. The social science laws can be taken from a nation’s heritage.
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  2. Remission to Existenz.Victor Mota -
    Between existenz and a hard-rock place, there is the man, trying to not make the same mistakes of the past and recvonciliate himself with himself, even on liberty or prison. Any conclusion is unnecessary, because life goes on.
     
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Sep 23rd 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    On Bringing Back Distinguished Social Scientists From the Past.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper disputes an assumption to do with the project of evaluating how much increase in knowledge there has been in a social science field. There is a brief pastiche of Laura Riding’s Progress of Stories in place of the customary poem.
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Sep 22nd 2022 GMT
New books
  1.  14
    Could Be “Nothing” the Origin of “Everything”? [The Metaphysics of the Hypernothing].Gabriel Vacariu - manuscript
    In this book, I deal with the first EW, the Hypernothing or the EW0. I emphasize that I do not have any idea about that EW0 since I have no knowledge about the EW1. Even having certain knowledge about an EW, it is quite difficult to draw something about the previous EDW because of the main rule of this perspective: one EW does not exist for any EDW. I emphasize here that I will introduce certain rational speculations about the EW0. (...)
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  1.  1
    The Oblivion of Nietzsche.Victor Mota -
    A superficial look to some Nietzsche's itens from an anthropological point of view.
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  2.  10
    On the Chaste World of Milan Kundera*.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Milan Kundera is now perhaps the greatest living philosopher, but he suffers from logical problems. One might propose that since he is a person who works primarily in the medium of fiction, one should not be too harsh on him, rather find ways to make him more logical. The result may be rather chaste.
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  3.  8
    Wokeness is Inverted Fascism Plus Hypocrisy: A Libertarian Perspective.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    This is an attempt to clarify the nature of extreme, or complete, “wokeness” in its modern sense. The central thesis is that it is an inverted form of fascism, and thereby even worse than some of its critics assume. In fact, it is far worse than ordinary fascism whether or not it is correct to see it as an inverted form. As this is a thesis, it is not a definition. Therefore, this thesis could certainly be mistaken. But if it (...)
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  4.  1
    Libertad o comunidad, o qué nos choca de Aristóteles.Aida Míguez Barciela - manuscript
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Sep 21st 2022 GMT
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  1.  3
    A Solution to a Victorian Anthropology Paradox.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper considers a paradox which the historian of anthropology George Stocking draws attention to: from the point of view of parts of the Victorian middle class, Victorian society was highly evolved yet also contained savage components. I clarify the paradox and propose a solution.
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Sep 20th 2022 GMT
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  1.  4
    Ethnic Minority Fiction and Milan Kundera’s Assessment of the Taxi Driver.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper inquires further into how reliable Milan Kundera’s assessment of the taxi driver is. It seems to me that Kundera, though probably from a highly privileged background, approaches fiction writing like a member of an oppressed group: as soon as there is some problem, such as a difficult to digest sentence or a boring passage, the mainstream reader is shutting this book. Possibly the taxi driver would not be on this last chance saloon system.
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Sep 19th 2022 GMT
volume 198, issue 4, 2021
  1.  60
    On Symmetry and Duality.Sebastian De Haro & Jeremy Butterfield
    We advocate an account of dualities between physical theories: the basic idea is that dual theories are isomorphic representations of a common core. We defend and illustrate this account, which we call a Schema, in relation to symmetries. Overall, the account meshes well with standard treatments of symmetries. But the distinction between the common core and the dual theories prompts a distinction between three kinds of symmetry: which we call ‘stipulated’, ‘accidental’ and ‘proper’.
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    “What is the Difference Between Your Response to Marilyn Strathern on Feminist Anthropology and Victoria Loblay’s Response?”.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Regarding the argument by Marilyn Strathern which Victoria Loblay focuses on, I present two differences between my response and Loblay’s response. Also I raise a concern about Loblay’s response.
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  2.  4
    A Postscript to The Theory of Conditional Elements.Joseph S. Fulda - manuscript
  3. Inputs From Murdoch and Rosenberg for Philosophical Counselling.T. Raja Rosenhagen - manuscript
    In this article, I suggest that combining resources from philosophy and psychology can yield useful tools for philosophical counselling. More specifically, I argue for three theses: a) Iris Murdoch’s notion of just attention and Marshall Rosenberg’s method of non-violent communication are interestingly compatible; b) engaging in non-violent communication serves to support one’s endeavors to acquire the kind of clear vision Murdoch thinks doing well by others requires; and c) non-violent just communication would be beneficial to both counsellors and counselees and (...)
     
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Sep 18th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  5
    Reflective Equilibrium, Considered Moral Judgments, and Interests – a Response to Thomas Kelly and Sarah McGrath.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Which moral judgments should one pay attention to in building a moral philosophy? Thomas Kelly and Sarah McGrath object to John Rawls’s suggestion to not rely on judgments heavily bound up with one’s own interests. I propose a solution in response to the objection.
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  2.  10
    Niels Bohrs plads i den filosofiske tradition.Hans Halvorson - manuscript
    Brief discussion of Niels Bohr's place in the history of philosophy (including his philosophical forebears, Søren Kierkegaard, Rasmus Nielsen, and Harald Høffding).
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Sep 17th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  7
    Graphomania Again: A Taxi Driver Puzzle From Milan Kundera and a Solution.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper presents a puzzle that occurred to me while reading Milan Kundera defining graphomania: a mania for writing books for an unknown public. I also present a solution.
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Sep 16th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    A Built-in Objection Against If-I-Were-a-Horse Argument.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Max Gluckman introduces us to if-I-were-a-horse arguments, but what is wrong with them? In this paper, I draw attention to an objection built-in to the terminology.
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  2. Kant and Rawls on Moral Maturation.Olga Lenczewska -
    Revise & resubmit (minor revisions), British Journal for the History of Philosophy. While various Kantian influences on Rawls have been discussed in the literature, these discussions have been limited to Part I of A Theory of Justice and consequently to topics concerning a priori ethical considerations and their consequences for political philosophy. In contrast to others who have interpreted Rawls’s Kantianism in this way, I show that what is also at the core of Rawls’s Kantian project in Theory is Kant’s (...)
     
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  3.  12
    Cicero's Philosophy of Just War.Thornton Lockwood - manuscript
    Cicero’s ethical and political writings present a detailed and sophisticated philosophy of just war, namely an account of when armed conflict is morally right or wrong. Several of the philosophical moves or arguments that he makes, such as a critique of “Roman realism” or his incorporation of the ius fetiale—a form of archaic international law—are remarkable similar to those of the contemporary just war philosopher Michael Walzer, even if Walzer is describing inter-state war and Cicero is describing imperial war. But (...)
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  4.  2
    Bayesian Psychiatry and the Social Focus of Delusions.Daniel Williams & Marcella Montagnese - manuscript
    A large and growing body of research in computational psychiatry draws on Bayesian modelling to illuminate the dysfunctions and aberrations that underlie psychiatric disorders. After identifying the chief attractions of this research programme, we argue that its typical focus on abstract, domain-general inferential processes is likely to obscure many of the distinctive ways in which the human mind can break down and malfunction. We illustrate this by appeal to psychosis and the social phenomenology of delusions.
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Sep 15th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  6
    Nationalism and the Original Position.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This is a one-page handout presenting some objections nationalists might or do make to John Rawls's original position method.
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Sep 14th 2022 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  1
    The Hypothesis of “Differentiation” in the Process of Understanding and in Interpersonal Relationships.Alberto Greco - manuscript
    The problem discussed in this paper arises from the observation that in the course of inter-subjective communication "understanding" seems to be entrusted to the implementation of a real process, not only affective but also cognitive, of processing information contained in the perceived behavior. In a previous study (Greco, 1979) we proposed to consider this process of "reconstruction" of meaning as analogous to the process of "construction" used for oneself. Here we will deal with this process of construction or awareness using (...)
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1 — 50 / 149