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  1. Types of Experiments and Causal Process Tracing: What Happened on the Kaibab Plateau in the 1920s?Roberta L. Millstein - manuscript
    I argue that Binkley et al. use causal process tracing in conjunction with a natural trajectory experiment and two natural snapshot experiments in their re-examination of the Kaibab. This shows that Aldo Leopold may have been right about trophic cascade in the Kaibab in the 1920s, i.e., that there are good reasons to think that a loss of predators led to a deer irruption which decreased aspen recruitment. Using the different cause-finding practices in combination can strengthen causal inferences and mitigate (...)
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  2. The Extended Evolutionary Synthesis: a metascientific view of evolutionary biology, and some directions to transcend its limits.Emanuele Serrelli - manuscript
    To approach the issue of the recent proposal of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES) put forth by Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd Müller, I suggest to consider the EES as a metascientific view: a description of what’s new in how evolutionary biology is carried out, not only a description of recently learned aspects of evolution. Knowing ‘what is it to do research’ in evolutionary biology, today versus yesterday, can aid training, research and career choices, establishment of relationships and collaborations, decision of (...)
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  3. The Gaia narrative and its link with symbiosis and symbiogenesis.Emanuele Serrelli -
    First, we will address the unnecessary link between symbio-studies and Gaia, asking for the historical and epistemological reasons why they become associated. In particular, we contend that the association is mediated by the common interest in large-scale physico-chemical and biochemical patterns, rather than by an emphasis on harmony, equilibrium, and cooperation (Visvader 1992). Second, we will ask what Gaia is in a metatheoretical sense: is it a scientific hypothesis, a theory, a metaphor, an inspired invention, or a resurgence of antiscientific (...)
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  4. The discreet charm of eighteenth-century vitalism and its avatars.Charles T. Wolfe - manuscript
    The species of vitalism discussed here, to immediately rule out two possible misconceptions, is neither the feverish cosa mentale found in ruminations on ‘biopolitics’ and fascism – where it alternates quickly between being a form of evil and a form of resistance, with hardly any textual or conceptual material to discuss – nor the opaque, and less-known form in which it exists in the worlds of ‘Theory’ in the humanities, perhaps closely related to the cognate, ‘materiality’. Rather, vitalism here is (...)
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  5. Teleomechanism redux? The conceptual hybridity of living machines in early modern natural philosophy.Charles T. Wolfe - manuscript
    We have been accustomed at least since Kant and mainstream history of philosophy to distinguish between the ‘mechanical’ and the ‘teleological’; between a fully mechanistic, quantitative science of Nature exemplified by Newton and a teleological, qualitative approach to living beings ultimately expressed in the concept of ‘organism’ – a purposive entity, or at least an entity possessed of functions. The beauty of this distinction is that it seems to make intuitive sense and to map onto historical and conceptual constellations in (...)
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  6. Curiosidad clasificatoria y cultura nacional en el Reino Unido entre los siglos XVIII y XIX. Reseña de Harriet Ritvo, The Platypus and the Mermaid and Other Figments of the Classifying Imagination, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1997. [REVIEW]Biani Paola Sánchez López -
  7. Bergson's Idea of Creation.Newton Phelps Stallknecht - unknown - [Princeton?.
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  8. Appendix: From the History of Erotetics in Poland in the 20th Century.Anna Brożek - unknown - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 99:387-424.
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  9. Review of Franklin *What Makes a Good Experiment?*. [REVIEW] Adam_Morton - forthcoming - Metascience 102.
    I praise Franklin's full descriptions of important and exemplary experiments, and wish that he had said more about why they are exemplary.
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  10. Towards an ecological view of immunity. [REVIEW]Swiatczak Bartlomiej - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    The immune system does not just fight pathogens but also engages in interactions with beneficial microbes and non-immune cells of the body to harmonize their behavior by means of cytokines, antibodies and effector cells (Dinarello, 2007; Moticka, 2015, pp. 217e226, 261e267). However, the importance of these “housekeeping” functions has not been fully appreciated (Cohen, 2000). In his new book Immunity: The Evolution of an Idea Alfred I. Tauber traces the history of fundamental ideas in immunology and refers to recent advances (...)
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  11. Division of System Immunology (SIMM):[9].Sebastian C. Binder, Arndt Telschow, Michael Meyer-Hermann, Esteban A. Hernandez-Vargas, Alma Y. Alanis, Edgar N. Sanchez, Richard H. Middleton & Patrizio Colaneri - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
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  12. publications of the division system immunology (SIMM):[8].Sebastian C. Binder, Arndt Telschow, Michael Meyer-Hermann, Esteban A. Hernandez-Vargas, Alma Y. Alanis, Edgar N. Sanchez, Richard H. Middleton & Patrizio Colaneri - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
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  13. Regional soil loss prediction utilizing the RUSLE/GIS interface.Jacek Blaszczynski - forthcoming - Geographical Information Systems (Gis) and Mapping: Practices and Standards (Johnson, Ai, Ed.). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Usa: American Society for Testing and Materials.
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  14. Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung Further Information: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung Jean-Paul-Straße 12 D-53173 Bonn.Forschungsstipendien der, Humboldt-Stiftung An, Hochqualifizierte Promovierte, Wissenschaftler Aller Fachgebiete, Biszu Im Alter, Jahren Für Einen & In Deutschland - forthcoming - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie.
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  15. Le sermon du Bon pasteur: Un problème d'attribution.Th Dufour - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  16. Heredity and environment.Cuthbert Dukes - forthcoming - The Eugenics Review.
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  17. Vivisection, Morals and Medicine: An Exchange.R. G. Frev - forthcoming - Bioethics: An Anthology.
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  18. Steps for developing botanical pesticides.C. Hellpap - forthcoming - Manuscrito. Gtz[Links].
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  19. The Elder Herschel.William Herschel - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  20. Discovering Patterns: On the Norms of Mechanistic Inquiry.Lena Kästner & Philipp Haueis - forthcoming - Erkenntnis 3:1-26.
    What kinds of norms constrain mechanistic discovery and explanation? In the mechanistic literature, the norms for good explanations are directly derived from answers to the metaphysical question of what explanations are. Prominent mechanistic accounts thus emphasize either ontic or epistemic norms. Still, mechanistic philosophers on both sides agree that there is no sharp distinction between the processes of discovery and explanation. Thus, it seems reasonable to expect that ontic and epistemic accounts of explanation will be accompanied by ontic and epistemic (...)
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  21. Prosper Lucas and his 1850 “Philosophical and Physiological Treatise on Natural Heredity”.Kenneth Kendler - forthcoming - American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics:1-9.
    Prosper Lucas (1808–1885) is a unique figure in the history of psychiatric genetics. A physician-alienist, he authored one of the most important books on human genetics in the mid-19th century cited frequently by Darwin: the 1,500 page treatise—Philosophical and Physiological Treatise on Natural Heredity (1847–1850). This book contained a novel theory of the nature of inheritance and a detailed review of the heredity of a range of human traits and disorders, including various forms of insanity. Lucas postulated four forms of (...)
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  22. Malthus - sismondi - Darwin populations et concurrence vitale.Pierre Lantz - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  23. Le sermon du Bon pasteur: Un problème d'attribution.Claude Albert Mayer - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  24. Social Evolution, Progress and Teleology in Spencer's Synthetic Philosophy and Freudian Psychoanalysis.L. Nascimento - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences.
    This article aims to compare notions of progress and evolution in the social theories of Freud and Spencer. It argues 1) that the two authors had similarly complex theories that contained mixed elements of positivism and teleology; 2) In its positivist elements, both authors made use of unified natural laws and, in its teleological aspect, they made use of notions of final cause in that progress and the evolution of civilization was understood as a linear path of progressive development with (...)
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  25. A special role for the genotype? Some comments on Keith Baverstock: “The gene: An appraisal”.Roll-Hansen Nils - forthcoming - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.
    There is at present uneasiness about the conceptual basis of genetics. The gene concept has become blurred and there are problems with the distinction between genotype and phenotype. In the present paper I go back to their role in the creation of modern genetics in the early twentieth century. The terms were introduced by the Danish botanist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in his big textbook of 1909. Historical accounts usually concentrate on this book and his 1911 paper “The Genotype Conception (...)
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  26. Institutional Zoology in London.Yeo Richard - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  27. A special role for the genotype? Some comments on Keith Baverstock: “The gene: An appraisal”.Nils Roll-Hansen - forthcoming - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.
    There is at present uneasiness about the conceptual basis of genetics. The gene concept has become blurred and there are problems with the distinction between genotype and phenotype. In the present paper I go back to their role in the creation of modern genetics in the early twentieth century. The terms were introduced by the Danish botanist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in his big textbook of 1909. Historical accounts usually concentrate on this book and his 1911 paper “The Genotype Conception (...)
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  28. Darwin's scientific method in practice.Hadi Samadi - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
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  29. The History of Romanians during the 20th century.Ioan Scurtu & Gheorghe Buzatu - forthcoming - Paideia.
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  30. Cogito, Ergo Sumus? The Pregnancy Problem in Descartes' Philosophy.Maja Sidzińska - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science: Vol. 13, Issue 1.
    Given Descartes’ metaphysical and natural-philosophic commitments, it is very difficult to theorize the pregnant human being as a human being under his system. Specifically, given (1) Descartes’ account of generation, (2) his commitment to mechanistic explanations where bodies are concerned, (3) his reliance on a subtle individuating principle for human (and animal) bodies, and (4) his metaphysics of human beings, which include minds, bodies, and mind-body unions, there is no available human substance or entity which may clearly be the subject (...)
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  31. John H. Zammito, The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling. [REVIEW]Joan Steigerwald - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
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  32. Daryn Lehoux, Creatures Born of Mud and Slime: The Wonder and Complexity of Spontaneous Generation. [REVIEW]James Strick - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  33. Review: The limits of the self: Immunology and biological identity. [REVIEW]A. I. Tauber - forthcoming - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  34. The common people's viewpoint on handicaps and heredity.Ishiwar C. Verma, Norio Fujiki, R. K. Marwaha, Y. R. Ahuja, Kc Malhotra, A. P. Parikh & S. Sharma - forthcoming - Proceedings of 2nd International Bioethics Seminar, Fukui, Japan.
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  35. Heredity and environment.H. O. Wildenskov - forthcoming - The Eugenics Review.
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  36. Limnological assessment of Taal lake Philippine council for aquatic and marine resources research and development and institute of biological sciences UPLB.M. T. Zafaralla - forthcoming - Laguna.
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  37. Andrea Gambarotto, Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and the Rise of Biology in Germany. [REVIEW]John H. Zammito - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  38. Vitalism.André Ariew & Gesiel Da Silva - 2022 - In The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications. pp. 940-944.
  39. Revisiting the ‘Darwin–Marx correspondence’: Multiple discovery and the rhetoric of priority.Joel Barnes - 2022 - History of the Human Sciences 35 (2):29-54.
    Between the 1930s and the mid 1970s, it was commonly believed that in 1880 Karl Marx had proposed to dedicate to Charles Darwin a volume or translation of Capital but that Darwin had refused. The detail was often interpreted by scholars as having larger significance for the question of the relationship between Darwinian evolutionary biology and Marxist political economy. In 1973–4, two scholars working independently—Lewis Feuer, professor of sociology at Toronto, and Margaret Fay, a graduate student at Berkeley—determined simultaneously that (...)
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  40. No organism is an island: the philosophical context regarding life and environment.Louis Caruana - 2022 - In Jacquineau Azetsop & Paolo Conversi (eds.), Foundations of Integral Ecology. Rome: G&B Press. pp. 197-220.
    Many commentators have analyzed the Papal Encyclical on the care of the environment entitled “Laudato Si’” from various angles but relatively few have written on the philosophical presuppositions that inform the overall stance of the encyclical. It is becoming increasingly evident that, to appreciate the full impact of this work, we need to uncover its ontological and epistemological commitments. This paper makes a contribution in this neglected area by focusing on the nature of life. Two main points are explored: the (...)
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  41. Die Natur Als Produktivität Und Wille: Zur Naturphilosophie Schellings Und Naturmetaphysik Schopenhauers Aus Prozessphilosophischer Perspektive.Erik Eschmann - 2022 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
    Die Nähe der Philosophie Schopenhauers zu derjenigen Schellings wurden oft beschworen und bereits zu Schopenhauers Lebzeiten häufig – bis hin zum Plagiatsvorwurf gegen Schopenhauer – thematisiert. Besonders auffällig werden die Ähnlichkeiten, wenn man sich den Naturkonzeptionen beider Denker zuwendet: Beide Philosophen versuchen auf je eigene Weise die Natur als selbsttätig zu denken. Ausgehend von diesen Überlegungen werden im vorliegenden Band die Naturphilosophie Schellings und Naturmetaphysik Schopenhauers ausführlich vor dem Hintergrund einer in ihrer Selbsttätigkeit als prozessual gedachten Natur gegenübergestellt und diskutiert. (...)
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  42. Life Processes as Proto-Narratives: Integrating Theoretical Biology and Biosemiotics through Biohermeneutics.Arran Gare - 2022 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 18 (1):210-251.
    The theoretical biology movement originating in Britain in the early 1930’s and the biosemiotics movement which took off in Europe in the 1980’s have much in common. They are both committed to replacing the neo-Darwinian synthesis, and they have both invoked theories of signs to this end. Yet, while there has been some mutual appreciation and influence, particularly in the cases of Howard Pattee, René Thom, Kalevi Kull, Anton Markoš and Stuart Kauffman, for the most part, these movements have developed (...)
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  43. Correction to: Method as a Function of “Disciplinary Landscape”: C.D. Darlington and Cytology, Genetics and Evolution, 1932–1950.Oren Soloman Harman - 2022 - Journal of the History of Biology 55 (1):203-203.
    It has come to my attention that a number of formulations in the section “Disciplinary Landscape: Cytology and Genetics” of my article “Method as a Function of Disciplinary Landscape: C.D. Darlington and the History of Cytology 1925–1950,” Journal of the History of Biology, 39, 2006, pp. 165–197, do not provide due credit to a source. While Franz Schrader, “Three Quarter Centuries of Cytology,” Science 107 : 155–159, is cited in the article, his reminiscences and analysis of the historical development of (...)
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  44. Botany and the Science of History: Nature, Culture, and the Origins of Civilization, circa 1850–1900.Fabian Kraemer, Kärin Nickelsen & Dana von Suffrin - 2022 - Isis 113 (1):45-62.
  45. Cancer Virus Hunters: A History of Tumor Virology.Gregory J. Morgan - 2022 - Baltimore, MD, USA: Jhu Press.
    "The author tells a history of the study of cancer-causing viruses from the early twentieth century to the development of an HPV vaccine for cervical cancer in 2006. He profiles the "cancer virus hunters" who made breakthroughs in tumor virology"--.
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  46. Physicochemical Biology and Knowledge Transfer: The Study of the Mechanism of Photosynthesis Between the Two World Wars.Kärin Nickelsen - 2022 - Journal of the History of Biology 55 (2):349-377.
    In the first decades of the twentieth century, the process of photosynthesis was still a mystery: Plant scientists were able to measure what entered and left a plant, but little was known about the intermediate biochemical and biophysical processes that took place. This state of affairs started to change between the two world wars, when a number of young scientists in Europe and the United States, all of whom identified with the methods and goals of physicochemical biology, selected photosynthesis as (...)
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  47. The Rise of Chance in Evolutionary Theory: A Pompous Parade of Arithmetic.Charles Pence - 2022 - London: Academic Press.
    The Rise of Chance in Evolutionary Theory: A Pompous Parade of Arithmetic explores a pivotal conceptual moment in the history of evolutionary theory: the development of its extensive reliance on a wide array of concepts of chance. It tells the history of a methodological and conceptual development that reshaped our approach to natural selection over a century, ranging from Darwin’s earliest notebooks in the 1830s to the early years of the Modern Synthesis in the 1930s. Far from being a “pompous (...)
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  48. Of stirps and chromosomes: Generality through detail.Charles H. Pence - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94 (C):177-190.
    One claim found in the received historiography of the biometrical school (comprised primarily of Francis Galton, Karl Pearson, and W. F. R. Weldon) is that one of the biometricians' great flaws was their inability to look past their population-focused, statistical, gradualist understanding of evolutionary change – which led, in part, to their ignoring developments in cellular biology around 1900. I will argue, on the contrary, that the work of the biometricians was, from its earliest days, fundamentally concerned with connections between (...)
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  49. The proof of the pudding: Yafeng Shan: Doing integrated history and philosophy of science: a case study of the origin of genetics. Cham: Springer, 2020. ix + 197 pp, €84.79 PB, €67.40 e-book. [REVIEW]Charles H. Pence - 2022 - Metascience 31 (2):179-181.
  50. Whatever Happened to Reversion?Charles H. Pence - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92 (C):97-108.
    The idea of ‘reversion’ or ‘atavism’ has a peculiar history. For many authors in the latenineteenth and early-twentieth centuries – including Darwin, Galton, Pearson, Weismann, and Spencer, among others – reversion was one of the central phenomena which a theory of heredity ought to explain. By only a few decades later, however, Fisher and others could look back upon reversion as a historical curiosity, a non-problem, or even an impediment to clear theorizing. I explore various reasons that reversion might have (...)
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