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  1. Types of Experiments and Causal Process Tracing: What Happened on the Kaibab Plateau in the 1920s?Roberta L. Millstein - manuscript
    I argue that Binkley et al. use causal process tracing in conjunction with a natural trajectory experiment and two natural snapshot experiments in their re-examination of the Kaibab. This shows that Aldo Leopold may have been right about trophic cascade in the Kaibab in the 1920s, i.e., that there are good reasons to think that a loss of predators led to a deer irruption which decreased aspen recruitment. Using the different cause-finding practices in combination can strengthen causal inferences and mitigate (...)
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  2. The Gaia Narrative and its Link with Symbiosis and Symbiogenesis.Emanuele Serrelli - manuscript
    First, we will address the unnecessary link between symbio-studies and Gaia, asking for the historical and epistemological reasons why they become associated. In particular, we contend that the association is mediated by the common interest in large-scale physico-chemical and biochemical patterns, rather than by an emphasis on harmony, equilibrium, and cooperation (Visvader 1992). Second, we will ask what Gaia is in a metatheoretical sense: is it a scientific hypothesis, a theory, a metaphor, an inspired invention, or a resurgence of antiscientific (...)
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  3. The Extended Evolutionary Synthesis: A Metascientific View of Evolutionary Biology, and Some Directions to Transcend its Limits.Emanuele Serrelli - manuscript
    To approach the issue of the recent proposal of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES) put forth by Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd Müller, I suggest to consider the EES as a metascientific view: a description of what’s new in how evolutionary biology is carried out, not only a description of recently learned aspects of evolution. Knowing ‘what is it to do research’ in evolutionary biology, today versus yesterday, can aid training, research and career choices, establishment of relationships and collaborations, decision of (...)
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  4. The Discreet Charm of Eighteenth-Century Vitalism and its Avatars.Charles T. Wolfe - manuscript
    The species of vitalism discussed here, to immediately rule out two possible misconceptions, is neither the feverish cosa mentale found in ruminations on ‘biopolitics’ and fascism – where it alternates quickly between being a form of evil and a form of resistance, with hardly any textual or conceptual material to discuss – nor the opaque, and less-known form in which it exists in the worlds of ‘Theory’ in the humanities, perhaps closely related to the cognate, ‘materiality’. Rather, vitalism here is (...)
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  5. Teleomechanism Redux? The Conceptual Hybridity of Living Machines in Early Modern Natural Philosophy.Charles T. Wolfe - manuscript
    We have been accustomed at least since Kant and mainstream history of philosophy to distinguish between the ‘mechanical’ and the ‘teleological’; between a fully mechanistic, quantitative science of Nature exemplified by Newton and a teleological, qualitative approach to living beings ultimately expressed in the concept of ‘organism’ – a purposive entity, or at least an entity possessed of functions. The beauty of this distinction is that it seems to make intuitive sense and to map onto historical and conceptual constellations in (...)
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  6. Curiosidad clasificatoria y cultura nacional en el Reino Unido entre los siglos XVIII y XIX. Reseña de Harriet Ritvo, The Platypus and the Mermaid and Other Figments of the Classifying Imagination, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1997. [REVIEW]Biani Paola Sánchez López -
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  7. Bergson's Idea of Creation.Newton Phelps Stallknecht - unknown - [Princeton?.
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  8. Appendix: From the History of Erotetics in Poland in the 20th Century.Anna Brożek - unknown - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 99:387-424.
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  9. Review of Franklin *What Makes a Good Experiment?*. [REVIEW] Adam_Morton - forthcoming - Metascience 102.
    I praise Franklin's full descriptions of important and exemplary experiments, and wish that he had said more about why they are exemplary.
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  10. Towards an Ecological View of Immunity. [REVIEW]Swiatczak Bartlomiej - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    The immune system does not just fight pathogens but also engages in interactions with beneficial microbes and non-immune cells of the body to harmonize their behavior by means of cytokines, antibodies and effector cells (Dinarello, 2007; Moticka, 2015, pp. 217e226, 261e267). However, the importance of these “housekeeping” functions has not been fully appreciated (Cohen, 2000). In his new book Immunity: The Evolution of an Idea Alfred I. Tauber traces the history of fundamental ideas in immunology and refers to recent advances (...)
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  11. Division of System Immunology (SIMM):[9].Sebastian C. Binder, Arndt Telschow, Michael Meyer-Hermann, Esteban A. Hernandez-Vargas, Alma Y. Alanis, Edgar N. Sanchez, Richard H. Middleton & Patrizio Colaneri - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
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  12. Regional Soil Loss Prediction Utilizing the RUSLE/GIS Interface.Jacek Blaszczynski - forthcoming - Geographical Information Systems (Gis) and Mapping: Practices and Standards (Johnson, Ai, Ed.). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Usa: American Society for Testing and Materials.
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  13. Matter is Not Enough. Georg Ernst Stahl, Friedrich Hoffmann and the Issue of Animism.Francesco Paolo de Ceglia - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  14. Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung Further Information: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung Jean-Paul-Straße 12 D-53173 Bonn.Forschungsstipendien der, Humboldt-Stiftung An, Hochqualifizierte Promovierte, Wissenschaftler Aller Fachgebiete, Biszu Im Alter, Jahren Für Einen & In Deutschland - forthcoming - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie.
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  15. Le Sermon du Bon Pasteur: Un Problème D'Attribution.Th Dufour - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  16. Heredity and Environment.Cuthbert Dukes - forthcoming - Eugenics Review.
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  17. Vivisection, Morals and Medicine: An Exchange.R. G. Frev - forthcoming - Bioethics: An Anthology.
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  18. Correction To: Method as a Function of “Disciplinary Landscape”: C.D. Darlington and Cytology, Genetics and Evolution, 1932–1950.Oren Soloman Harman - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-1.
    It has come to my attention that a number of formulations in the section “Disciplinary Landscape: Cytology and Genetics” of my article “Method as a Function of Disciplinary Landscape: C.D. Darlington and the History of Cytology 1925–1950,” _Journal of the History of Biology_, 39, 2006, pp. 165–197, do not provide due credit to a source. While Franz Schrader, “Three Quarter Centuries of Cytology,” _Science_ 107 : 155–159, is cited in the article, his reminiscences and analysis of the historical development of (...)
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  19. Steps for Developing Botanical Pesticides.C. Hellpap - forthcoming - Manuscrito. Gtz[Links].
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  20. The Elder Herschel.William Herschel - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  21. Discovering Patterns: On the Norms of Mechanistic Inquiry.Lena Kästner & Philipp Haueis - forthcoming - Erkenntnis 3:1-26.
    What kinds of norms constrain mechanistic discovery and explanation? In the mechanistic literature, the norms for good explanations are directly derived from answers to the metaphysical question of what explanations are. Prominent mechanistic accounts thus emphasize either ontic or epistemic norms. Still, mechanistic philosophers on both sides agree that there is no sharp distinction between the processes of discovery and explanation. Thus, it seems reasonable to expect that ontic and epistemic accounts of explanation will be accompanied by ontic and epistemic (...)
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  22. Prosper Lucas and His 1850 “Philosophical and Physiological Treatise on Natural Heredity”.Kenneth Kendler - forthcoming - American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics:1-9.
    Prosper Lucas (1808–1885) is a unique figure in the history of psychiatric genetics. A physician-alienist, he authored one of the most important books on human genetics in the mid-19th century cited frequently by Darwin: the 1,500 page treatise—Philosophical and Physiological Treatise on Natural Heredity (1847–1850). This book contained a novel theory of the nature of inheritance and a detailed review of the heredity of a range of human traits and disorders, including various forms of insanity. Lucas postulated four forms of (...)
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  23. Malthus - sismondi - Darwin populations et concurrence vitale.Pierre Lantz - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  24. Le Sermon du Bon Pasteur: Un Problème D'Attribution.Claude Albert Mayer - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  25. Social Evolution, Progress and Teleology in Spencer's Synthetic Philosophy and Freudian Psychoanalysis.L. Nascimento - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences.
    This article aims to compare notions of progress and evolution in the social theories of Freud and Spencer. It argues 1) that the two authors had similarly complex theories that contained mixed elements of positivism and teleology; 2) In its positivist elements, both authors made use of unified natural laws and, in its teleological aspect, they made use of notions of final cause in that progress and the evolution of civilization was understood as a linear path of progressive development with (...)
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  26. Physicochemical Biology and Knowledge Transfer: The Study of the Mechanism of Photosynthesis Between the Two World Wars.Kärin Nickelsen - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-29.
    In the first decades of the twentieth century, the process of photosynthesis was still a mystery: Plant scientists were able to measure what entered and left a plant, but little was known about the intermediate biochemical and biophysical processes that took place. This state of affairs started to change between the two world wars, when a number of young scientists in Europe and the United States, all of whom identified with the methods and goals of physicochemical biology, selected photosynthesis as (...)
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  27. Institutional Zoology in London.Yeo Richard - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  28. Darwin's Scientific Method in Practice.Hadi Samadi - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
  29. The History of Romanians During the 20th Century.Ioan Scurtu & Gheorghe Buzatu - forthcoming - Paideia.
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  30. John H. Zammito, The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology From Stahl to Schelling. [REVIEW]Joan Steigerwald - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
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  31. Daryn Lehoux, Creatures Born of Mud and Slime: The Wonder and Complexity of Spontaneous Generation. [REVIEW]James Strick - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  32. Review: The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity. [REVIEW]A. I. Tauber - forthcoming - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  33. The Common People's Viewpoint on Handicaps and Heredity.Ishiwar C. Verma, Norio Fujiki, R. K. Marwaha, Y. R. Ahuja, Kc Malhotra, A. P. Parikh & S. Sharma - forthcoming - Proceedings of 2nd International Bioethics Seminar, Fukui, Japan.
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  34. Heredity and Environment.H. O. Wildenskov - forthcoming - Eugenics Review.
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  35. Limnological Assessment of Taal Lake Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Resources Research and Development and Institute of Biological Sciences UPLB.M. T. Zafaralla - forthcoming - Laguna.
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  36. Andrea Gambarotto, Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and the Rise of Biology in Germany. [REVIEW]John H. Zammito - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  37. The Rise of Chance in Evolutionary Theory: A Pompous Parade of Arithmetic.Charles Pence - 2022 - London: Academic Press.
    The Rise of Chance in Evolutionary Theory: A Pompous Parade of Arithmetic explores a pivotal conceptual moment in the history of evolutionary theory: the development of its extensive reliance on a wide array of concepts of chance. It tells the history of a methodological and conceptual development that reshaped our approach to natural selection over a century, ranging from Darwin’s earliest notebooks in the 1830s to the early years of the Modern Synthesis in the 1930s. Far from being a “pompous (...)
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  38. Types, Norms, and Normalisation: Hormone Research and Treatments in Italy, Argentina, and Brazil, C. 1900–50.Chiara Beccalossi - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (2):113-137.
    Displacing the physiological model that had held sway in 19th-century medical thinking, early 20th-century hormone research promoted an understanding of the body and sexual desires in which variations in sex characteristics and non-reproductive sexual behaviours such as homosexuality were attributed to anomalies in the internal secretions produced by the testes or the ovaries. Biotypology, a new brand of medical science conceived and led by the Italian endocrinologist Nicola Pende, employed hormone research to study human types and hormone treatments to normalise (...)
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  39. Joel Faflak (Editor). Marking Time: Romanticism and Evolution. X + 321 Pp., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2017. $57.75 (Cloth); ISBN 9781442644304. [REVIEW]Andrew Burkett - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):190-192.
  40. Nadine Ehlers; Shiloh Krupar. Deadly Biocultures: The Ethics of Life-Making. Ix + 242 Pp., Notes, Index. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2019. $27 (Paper); ISBN 9781517905071. Cloth and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Nancy D. Campbell - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):208-209.
  41. Paul-André Rosental. A Human Garden: French Policy and the Transatlantic Legacies of Eugenic Experimentation. Translated by Carolyn Avery. Foreword by Theodore M. Porter. (Berghahn Monographs in French Studies, 16.) 248 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York/Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2019. $135 (Cloth); ISBN 9781789205435. E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Alice L. Conklin - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):206-207.
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  42. Princess Elisabeth’s Cautions and Descartes’ Suppression of the Traité de L’Homme.Harold J. Cook - 2021 - Early Science and Medicine 26 (4):289-313.
    Why did Descartes not publish his chief physiology work during his lifetime? Descartes considered that the physiological and medical conclusions that could be drawn from his philosophy were fundamental to his intellectual project, and an apparently complete work was circulating among friends in 1641 but was only published more than a decade after his death, as De Homine and Traité de l’Homme. This paper argues that Princess Elisabeth’s careful consideration of his physiology raised questions about whether the common interpretation of (...)
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  43. The Giant Remains: Mesoamerican Natural History, Medicine, and Cycles of Empire.Mackenzie Cooley - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):45-67.
  44. Hat Sizes and Craniometry: Professional Know-How and Scientific Knowledge.Peter Cryle - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (2):46-65.
    This article examines the relation between commercial activity and knowledge-making, looking at hatmakers in order to open up a more general question about the overlap between the knowledge practices of 19th-century science and those of everyday commercial culture of the time. Phrenology also claims attention here, since it can be said to have occupied an intermediate position between science and commerce. From time to time during the first half of the century, phrenologists attended to hatmakers in the hope of gleaning (...)
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  45. Taxonomy, Race Science, and Mexican Maize.Helen Anne Curry - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):1-21.
  46. Gender, Health, and Healing, 1250–1550, Edited by Sara Ritchey and Sharon Strocchia. [REVIEW]Alessandra Foscati - 2021 - Early Science and Medicine 26 (4):387-390.
  47. Edmond Goblot’s (1858–1935) Selected Effects Theory of Function: A Reappraisal.Justin Garson - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (5):1210-1220.
    At the beginning of the twentieth century, the French philosopher of science Edmond Goblot wrote three prescient papers on function and teleology. He advanced the remarkable thesis that functions are, as a matter of conceptual analysis, selected effects. He also argued that “selection” must be understood broadly to include both evolutionary natural selection and intelligent design. Here, I do three things. First, I give an overview of Goblot’s thought. Second, I identify his core thesis about function. Third, I argue that, (...)
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  48. Ageing and the Goal of Evolution.Justin Garson - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (1):1-16.
    There is a certain metaphor that has enjoyed tremendous longevity in the evolution of ageing literature. According to this metaphor, nature has a certain goal or purpose, the perpetuation of the species, or, alternatively, the reproductive success of the individual. In relation to this goal, the individual organism has a function, job, or task, namely, to breed and, in some species, to raise its brood to maturity. On this picture, those who cannot, or can no longer, reproduce are somehow invisible (...)
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  49. Margery Fee. Polar Bear. (Animal.) 224 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. London: Reaktion Books, 2019. £12.95 (Paper); ISBN 9781789141467. [REVIEW]Ann Norton Greene - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):168-169.
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  50. The Molecular Vista: Current Perspectives on Molecules and Life in the Twentieth Century.Mathias Grote, Lisa Onaga, Angela N. H. Creager, Soraya de Chadarevian, Daniel Liu, Gina Surita & Sarah E. Tracy - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (1):1-18.
    This essay considers how scholarly approaches to the development of molecular biology have too often narrowed the historical aperture to genes, overlooking the ways in which other objects and processes contributed to the molecularization of life. From structural and dynamic studies of biomolecules to cellular membranes and organelles to metabolism and nutrition, new work by historians, philosophers, and STS scholars of the life sciences has revitalized older issues, such as the relationship of life to matter, or of physicochemical inquiries to (...)
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1 — 50 / 6346