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  1. Review of 'Theoretical Virtues in Science' by Samuel Schindler. [REVIEW]Darren Bradley - manuscript
  2. Russell's 1927 The Analysis of Matter as the First Book on Quantum Gravity.Said Mikki - manuscript
    The goal of this note is to bring into wider attention the often neglected important work by Bertrand Russell on the foundations of physics published in the late 1920s. In particular, we emphasize how the book The Analysis of Matter can be considered the earliest systematic attempt to unify the modern quantum theory, just emerging by that time, with general relativity. More importantly, it is argued that the idea of what I call Russell space, introduced in Part III of that (...)
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  3. El Corpus Hipocrático y la historia de la medicina como institución social.Biani Paola Sánchez López -
  4. Cristina Chimisso, Hélène Metzger, Historian and Historiographer of the Sciences. [REVIEW]Oscar Moro Abadía - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  5. Annie Petit. Le Système D’Auguste Comte: De la Science À la Religion Par la Philosophie. Paris: Vrin, 2016. Pp. 389. €32.00. [REVIEW]Anastasios Brenner - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  6. Hélène Metzger on Precursors: A Historian and Philosopher of Science Confronts Her Evil Demon.Cristina Chimisso & Nick Jardine - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  7. Avicenna and the Contest of Healing: Medical Crises and the Body Politic Metaphor in the Canon of Medicine.Glen Cooper - forthcoming - In Kadircan H. Keskinbora (ed.), Revisiting Ibn Sina’s Heritage. Bern, Switzerland:
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  8. Positivism in Action: The Case of Louis Rougier.Fons Dewulf & Massimiliano Simons - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (2).
    In this paper, we investigate how the life and work of Louis Rougier relate to the broader political dimension of logical empiricist philosophy. We focus on three practical projects of Rougier in the 1930s and 1940s. First, his attempts to integrate French-speaking philosophers into an international network of scientific philosophers by organizing two Unity of Science conferences in Paris. Second, his role in the renewal of liberalism through the organization of the Walter Lippmann Colloquium. Third, Rougier’s attempts at political negotiations (...)
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  9. Andrea Strazzoni. Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science: From Regius to ’s Gravesande. [REVIEW]Mihnea Dobre - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  10. Emily Herring, Kevin Matthew Jones, Konstantin S. Kiprijanov, and Laura M. Sellers, Eds., The Past, Present, and Future of Integrated History and Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Kate Dorsch - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  11. From Cohort to Community: The Emotional Work of Birthday Cards in the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, 1946–2018.Hannah J. Elizabeth & Daisy Payling - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences:095269512199928.
    The Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development is Britain’s longest-running birth cohort study. From their birth in 1946 until the present day, its research participants, or study members, have filled out questionnaires and completed cognitive or physical examinations every few years. Among other outcomes, the findings of these studies have framed how we understand health inequalities. Throughout the decades and multiple follow-up studies, each year the study members have received a birthday card from the survey staff. Although (...)
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  12. Bones Without Flesh and (Trans)Gender Without Bodies: Querying Desires for Trans Historicity.Avery Everhart - forthcoming - Hypatia.
    In 2011 a 5000 year old 'male' skeleton buried in a 'female' way was discovered by an archaeological team just outside of modern-day Prague. This paper queries the impulse to name such a discovery as evidence of transgender identity, and bodies, in an increasingly ancient past. To do so, it takes up the work of Denise Ferreira da Silva, Sylvia Wynters, and Hortense Spillers as a means to push back against the impetus of naming such discoveries as transgender in order (...)
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  13. Dmitri Levitin, Ancient Wisdom in the Age of the New Science. Histories of Philosophy in England, C. 1640-1700. [REVIEW]Mogens Laerke - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  14. Not Merely the Absence of Disease: A Genealogy of the WHO’s Positive Health Definition.Lars Thorup Larsen - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences:095269512199535.
    The 1948 constitution of the World Health Organization defines health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. It was a bold and revolutionary health idea to gain international consensus in a period characterized by fervent anti-communism. This article explores the genealogy of the health definition and demonstrates how it was possible to expand the scope of health, redefine it as ‘well-being’, and overcome ideological resistance to progressive and international (...)
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  15. Revaluing Laws of Nature in Secularized Science.Eli I. Lichtenstein - forthcoming - In Yemima Ben-Menahem (ed.), Rethinking the Concept of Laws of Nature. Springer.
    Discovering laws of nature was a way to worship a law-giving God, during the Scientific Revolution. So why should we consider it worthwhile now, in our own more secularized science? For historical perspective, I examine two competing early modern theological traditions that related laws of nature to different divine attributes, and their secular legacy in views ranging from Kant and Nietzsche to Humean and ‘governing’ accounts in recent analytic metaphysics. Tracing these branching offshoots of ethically charged God-concepts sheds light on (...)
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  16. Francis Bacon yRené Descartes acerca del dominio de la naturaleza, la autoconservación y lamedicina.Silvia Manzo - forthcoming - Revista Kriterion.
    Francis Bacon and René Descartes have traditionally been presented as leaders of opposed philosophical currents. However, more and more studies show important continuities between their philosophies. This article explores one of them: their perspectives on medicine. The dominion over nature and the instinct for self-preservation are the central elements of the theoretical framework within which they inserted their assessment of medicine. Medicine is valued as the most outstanding discipline for its benefits for the care of the human being. Departing from (...)
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  17. Photo Mensura.Patrick Maynard - forthcoming - In Nicola Moeßner & Alfred Nordmann (eds.), The Epistemology of Measurement: Representational and Technological Dimensions. Routledge.
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  18. Department of Sociology and Anthropology University ofGuelph.Ken Menzies - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences.
  19. Michael J. Sauter. The Spatial Reformation: Euclid Between Man, Cosmos, and God. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019. Pp. 327. $89.95 (Cloth). ISBN 978-0-812-25066-4. [REVIEW]David Marshall Miller - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  20. Michael Heidelberger, Helmut Pulte, and Gregor Schiemann, eds. Hermann von Helmholtz. Philosophische und Populärwissenschaftliche Schriften. [REVIEW]Alfred Nordmann - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
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  21. Canonizing Cavendish.Alison Peterman - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  22. The Paradigms in Philosophy and History of Science.Stefano Poggi - forthcoming - Hegel-Studien.
  23. Plato on Natural Kinds: The Promethean Method of the Philebus.John Proios - forthcoming - Apeiron: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science.
    Plato’s invention of the metaphor of carving the world by the joints (Phaedrus 265d-66c) gives him a privileged place in the history of natural kind theory in philosophy and science; he is often understood to present a paradigmatic but antiquated view of natural kinds as possessing eternal, immutable, necessary essences. Yet, I highlight that, as a point of distinction from contemporary views about natural kinds, Plato subscribes to an intelligent-design, teleological framework, in which the natural world is the product of (...)
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  24. Department of Sociology University of Edinburgh.Stanley Raffel - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences.
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  25. The Relativity of Theory by Moti Mizrahi: Pandemics and Pathogens: What’s at Stake in the Debate Over Scientific Realism? [REVIEW]Margaret Greta Turnbull - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    I provide a critical review of Moti Mizrahi's The Relativity of Theory, expounding on the book's strengths and then providing an extended argument that Mizrahi mischaracterizes the epistemic attitude of concern to antirealism about science as well as the practical stakes involved in adopting the antirealist position.
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  26. Measuring Non-Han Bodies: Anthropometry, Colonialism, and Biopower in China's South-Western Borderland in the 1930s and 1940s.Jing Zhu - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences:095269512110499.
    This article examines the biopower of non-Han bodies by considering the intersections of anthropology, racial science, and colonial regimes. During the 1930s and 1940s, when extensive anthropometric research was being undertaken on non-Han populations in the south-western borderlands of China, several anthropologists studied non-Han groups under the aegis of frontier administration. Chinese scholars sought to generate the physical characteristics of ethnic minority groups in the south-west of China, through the methodology of body measurement, in order to identify forms of social (...)
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  27. Toward a Philosophy of Scientific Discovery.Jan G. Michel - 2022 - In Making Scientific Discoveries: Interdisciplinary Reflections. Paderborn, Deutschland: pp. 9-53.
    Jan G. Michel argues that we need a philosophy of scientific discovery. Before turning to the question of what such a philosophy might look like, he addresses two questions: Don’t we have a philosophy of scientific discovery yet? And do we need one at all? To answer the first question, he takes a closer look at history and finds that we have not had a systematic philosophy of scientific discovery worthy of the name for over 150 years. To answer the (...)
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  28. Making Scientific Discoveries: Interdisciplinary Reflections.Jan G. Michel (ed.) - 2022 - Paderborn, Deutschland: Brill/mentis.
    Scientific progress depends crucially on scientific discoveries. Yet the topic of scientific discoveries has not been central to debate in the philosophy of science. This book aims to remedy this shortcoming. Based on a broad reading of the term “science” (similar to the German term “Wissenschaft”), the book convenes experts from different disciplines who reflect upon several intertwined questions connected to the topic of making scientific discoveries. -/- Among these questions are the following: What are the preconditions for making scientific (...)
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  29. Cristina Chimisso. Hélène Metzger, Historian and Historiographer of the Sciences. New York: Routledge, 2019. Pp. 217+Index. $160.00 (Cloth). ISBN 978-1-138-21039-4. [REVIEW]Oscar Moro Abadía - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (1):327-330.
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  30. Peter J Bowler. A History of the Future: Prophets of Progress From H. G. Wells to Isaac Asimov. X + 287 Pp., Figs., Illus., Notes, Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. $74.99 (Cloth); ISBN 9781107148734. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):205-206.
  31. Continuity Through Change: State Social Research and Sociology in Portugal.Frederico Ágoas - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (3-4):243-265.
    This article examines the development of empirical social research in Portugal over about a century and its relation to the early institutionalization of sociology at the tail end of that period. Relying on new empirical data, coupled with a critical reading of the main sources on the topic, it brings to light some epistemic invariants in a disparate body of research, acknowledging the initial persistence of Le Play-inspired as well as properly Le Playsian research methods. Furthermore, it identifies the general (...)
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  32. Science Without Leisure: Practical Naturalism in Istanbul, 1660–1732, Written by Harun Küçük. [REVIEW]Ovanes Akopyan - 2021 - Early Science and Medicine 26 (4):416-418.
  33. Z historii tureckiej farmacji. Bonkowski Pasza – pierwszy chemik pałacu osmańskiego.Sabire Arik - 2021 - Rocznik Filozoficzny Ignatianum 25 (1):55-70.
    The aim of this article is to present the person and achievements of Miralay Bonkowski Pasha, an Istanbul-born scientist and lecturer of Polish descent, about whose life little is known. Bonkowski’s articles and reports in nineteenth-century periodicals such as: Gazette Mediale d’Orient ; Journal de la Société de Pharmacie de Constantinople : L’Osmanlı and Revue Medico-Pharmaceutique 10/3 constitute the source basis of this article. The literature used in the paper thereof consists of historical studies and takes into account the latest (...)
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  34. Hybrid Knowledge and the Historiography of Science: Rethinking the History of Astronomy Between Second-Century CE Alexandria, Ninth-Century Baghdad, and Fourteenth-Century Constantinople.Alberto Bardi - 2021 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 11 (2021).
    Originating in the field of biology, the concept of the hybrid has proved to be influential and effective in historical studies, too. Until now, however, the idea of hybrid knowledge has not been fully explored in the historiography of pre-modern science. This article examines the history of pre-Copernican astronomy and focuses on three case studies—Alexandria in the second century CE; Baghdad in the ninth century; and Constantinople in the fourteenth century—in which hybridization played a crucial role in the development of (...)
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  35. Renegades or Liberals? Recent Reflections on the Boasian Legacies in American Anthropology. [REVIEW]Nicholas Barron - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (3-4):362-373.
  36. Rohan Deb Roy. Malarial Subjects: Empire, Medicine, and Nonhumans in British India, 1820–1909. Xv + 332 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. £75 (Cloth); ISBN 9781107172364. E-Book Available (Open Access). [REVIEW]Patricia Barton - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):192-193.
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  37. A History of the Data Present. [REVIEW]David Beer - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (3-4):385-398.
  38. Georg Bartisch’s Ophthalmodouleia and His Theory of Painting and Drawing.Susanna Berger - 2021 - Early Science and Medicine 26 (1):1-54.
    This paper examines how the Dresden artist and oculist Georg Bartisch transformed theoretical discussions around painting and drawing, insofar as he connected the hand and mind of the artist with those of the surgeon. Bartisch articulated his theories about the links between painting and drawing, on the one hand, and surgical prowess, on the other, in a manuscript on lithotomy entitled Kunstbuch, and in another tract entitled Ophthalmodouleia, das ist Augendienst which deals with ailments or wounds of the eye and (...)
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  39. A River Is Not a Pendulum: Sediments of Science in the World of Tides.Debjani Bhattacharyya - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):141-149.
  40. Talking Therapy: The Allopathic Nihilation of Homoeopathy Through Conceptual Translation and a New Medical Language.Lyn Brierley-Jones - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (3-4):121-141.
    The 19th century saw the development of an eclectic medical marketplace in both the United Kingdom and the United States, with mesmerists, herbalists and hydrotherapists amongst the plethora of medical ‘sectarians’ offering mainstream medicine stiff competition. Foremost amongst these competitors were homoeopaths, a group of practitioners who followed Samuel Hahnemann in prescribing highly dilute doses of single-drug substances at infrequent intervals according to the ‘law of similars’. The theoretical sophistication of homoeopathy, compared to other medical sectarian systems, alongside its institutional (...)
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  41. Working in Cases: British Psychiatric Social Workers and a History of Psychoanalysis From the Middle, C.1930–60.Juliana Broad - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (3-4):169-194.
    Histories of psychoanalysis largely respect the boundaries drawn by the psychoanalytic profession, suggesting that the development of psychoanalytic theories and techniques has been the exclusive remit of professionally trained analysts. In this article, I offer an historical example that poses a challenge to this orthodoxy. Based on extensive archival material, I show how British psychiatric social workers, a little-studied group of specialist mental hygiene workers, advanced key organisational, observational, and theoretical insights that shaped mid-century British psychoanalysis. In their daily work (...)
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  42. More Than a Case of Mistaken Identity: Adult Entertainment and the Making of Early Sexology.Sarah Bull - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (1):10-39.
    Sexology emerged as a discipline during a period of keen concern about the social effects of sexually explicit media. In this context, sex researchers and their allies took pains to establish the respectability of their work, a process that often involved positioning sexual science in opposition to erotic literature and images. This article argues that this presentation of sexual science obfuscated sex researchers’ complex relationship with erotic print culture, which during the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided sexual scientists (...)
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  43. Water and Planetary History. [REVIEW]Lino Camprubí - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):164-167.
  44. Jaime Marroquín Arredondo; Ralph Bauer (Editors). Translating Nature: Cross-Cultural Histories of Early Modern Science. (The Early Modern Americas.) Vi + 355 Pp., Notes, Index. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019. £47 (Cloth); ISBN 9780812250930. [REVIEW]Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):187-188.
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  45. Letter to the Editor.Richard C. Carrier - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):154-155.
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  46. Science Shaping Modernity: Stephen Gaukroger’s Four-Volume Series Completed.H. Floris Cohen - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):156-163.
  47. Parallel Structures: André Leroi-Gourhan, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and the Making of French Structural Anthropology.Jacob Collins - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (3-4):307-335.
    This article reframes our understanding of French structural anthropology by considering the work of André Leroi-Gourhan alongside that of Claude Lévi-Strauss. These two anthropologists worked at opposite poles of the discipline, Lévi-Strauss studying cultural objects, like myths and kinship relations; Leroi-Gourhan looking at material artifacts, such as stone tools, bones, arrowheads, and cave paintings. In spite of their difference in focus, these thinkers shared a similar approach to the interpretation of their sources: Each individual object was meaningful only as part (...)
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  48. The Giant Remains: Mesoamerican Natural History, Medicine, and Cycles of Empire.Mackenzie Cooley - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):45-67.
  49. Contested Numbers: The failed negotiation of objective statistics in a methodological review of Kinsey et al.’s sex research.Tabea Cornel - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (1):1-32.
    From 1950 to 1952, statisticians W.G. Cochran, C.F. Mosteller, and J.W. Tukey reviewed A.C. Kinsey and colleagues’ methodology. Neither the history-and-philosophy of science literature nor contemporary theories of interdisciplinarity seem to offer a conceptual model that fits this forced interaction, which was characterized by significant power asymmetries and disagreements on multiple levels. The statisticians initially attempted to exclude all non-technical matters from their evaluation, but their political and personal investments interfered with this agenda. In the face of McCarthy’s witch hunts, (...)
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  50. M. Norton Wise. Aesthetics, Industry, and Science: Hermann von Helmholtz and the Berlin Physical Society. 432 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2018. $45 (Cloth); ISBN 9780226531359. E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Angela N. H. Creager - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):202-203.
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1 — 50 / 2835