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Summary "Realism" comes in many philosophical guises. One sort of realism concerns whether certain entities exist, or whether they exist independent of our minds. Realism in this metaphysical sense arises for numerous subject matters: everyday material objects, concepts, universals, mathematical objects, moral values, unobservable theoretical entities, and so on. Michael Dummett characterizes realism and anti-realism in semantic terms, suggesting that the fundamental issue is not about the existence of entities, but rather about whether statements of some specified class (such as mathematics or ethics) can have an objective truth value, independently of our means of knowing it.
Key works The diversity of realisms is discussed e.g. in Devitt 1991, Miller 2008, and Raatikainen 2014. A good systematic discussion of  realism about the external world as opposed to phenomenalism and idealism can be found in Locke 1967; see also Armstrong 1961. An already classic collection of articles for and against realism about unobservable theoretical entities, i.e. "scientific realism", is Leplin 1984. An influential recent defense is Psillos 1999; see also Devitt 1991. The realism/antirealism issue was recasted in semantic terms in Dummett 1978, 1993; see also Wright 1987Miller 2006 and Shieh 1998 are useful discussions. Devitt 1983 is a well-known critique of the Dummettian anti-realism.  
Introductions On the variety of realisms: Miller 2008; on scientific realism: Chakravartty 2013, Devitt 2005; on semantic realism and anti-realism: Miller 2006.
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  1. Spinoza and the Puzzle of Attributes: An Essentialist Approach.Ataollah Hashemi - manuscript
    In Spinoza’s ontology, there are only two categories of existing items: an independent entity that is one substance, and dependent entities that are infinite modes; “nothing exists external to the intellect except substances and their affections”(Proof of 1.P.4). Nevertheless, Spinoza introduces a third notion, ‘attribute’, that is defined as “what the intellect perceives of substance as constituting its essence” (1.d.4). Spinoza’s metaphysics is known for the doctrine of substance monism that indicates that only one substance exists. Spinoza, however, explicitly states (...)
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  2. An Assessment of Idealism In light of Indian Philosophy (भारतीय दर्शन में प्रत्ययवाद की गत्यात्मक दृष्टि).Shruti Sharma - 2021 - Insight - an International Multilingual Journal for Arts and Humanities 1 (5 july 2021):135-143.
    The viewpoint of the Indian way of thinking is a greater amount of inborn as opposed to outward. Which gives more worth to current realities. In any event, to know the idea of fundamental reality, human insight first needs to know the idea of the outside world. It specifies are additionally predominant in Upanishads, where it has been expressed that faculties are more extraneous while knowing the external world. This research paper particularly centers around the idealist viewpoint with uncommon reference (...)
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  3. Do We Perceive Reality?John Klasios - 2022 - arXiv.
    The cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman argues that we don't perceive reality: spacetime, objects, colors, sounds, tastes, and so forth, are all merely an interface that we evolved to track evolutionary fitness rather than to perceive truths about external reality. In this paper, I expound on his argument, then I extend it, primarily, by looking at key ideas in physics that are quite germane to it. Among the topics in physics that I discuss are black holes, the holographic principle, string theory, (...)
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  4. Relativity in a Fundamentally Absolute World.Jack Spencer - forthcoming - Philosophical Perspectives.
    This paper develops a view on which: (a) all fundamental facts are absolute, (b) some facts do not supervene on the fundamental facts, and (c) only relative facts fail to supervene on the fundamental facts.
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  5. Resisting Phenomenalism, From Bodily Experience to Mind-Independence.Massin Olivier - 2022 - In Alsmith Adrian & Serino Andrea (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Bodily Awareness. London: Routledge.
    Can one refute Berkeleyan phenomenalism by arguing that sensory objects seem mind-independent, and that, according to Berkeley, experience is to be taken at face value? Relying on Mackie’s recent discussion of the issue, I argue, first, that phenomenalism cannot be straightforwardly refuted by relying on perceptual or bodily experience of mind-independence together with the truthfulness of experience. However, I maintain, second that phenomenalism can be indirectly refuted by appealing to the bodily experience of resistance. Such experience presents us with the (...)
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  6. No Limit: On What Thought Can Actually Do.Jocelyn Benoist - forthcoming - In Limits of Intelligibility: Issues from Kant and Wittgenstein. Routledge.
    This chapter critically examines the notion of a limit. It questions whether a putative opposition of philosophical “camps” emphasized in recent years is actually tenable. This opposition is taken to hold between classical approaches in a Kantian spirit, operating with the notion of necessary limits to human cognition and sense-making, and a recent “speculative” turn in philosophy championed by Quentin Meillassoux, looking to overcome such limits. The chapter’s contention against this dichotomy is that the rhetoric of unlimitedness depends on ideas (...)
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  7. The Quantum Wave Function Isn't Real.Eddy Keming Chen - 2022 - The Institute of Art and Ideas.
    In this popular article, I suggest that the task of interpreting quantum mechanics becomes easier if we reject the view that the quantum universe must be described by a wave function. We should zoom out from the wave function and represent the universe with something more coarse-grained, one that naturally arises from considerations about the Past Hypothesis. The new proposal is called the Wentaculus.
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  8. Nonsense: A Riddle Without Solution.Gilad Nir - forthcoming - In James Conant & Gilad Nir (eds.), Early Analytic Philosophy: Origins and Transformations.
    This paper concerns Wittgenstein’s conception of philosophical and mathematical problems. Both in his earlier and in his later writings Wittgenstein grapples with the tendency of philosophers to misconstrue the nature of the difficulties that they are facing. Whereas philosophers tend to assume that their problems are comparable to those that come up in the sciences, and take these problems to consist in questions the answers to which will provide them with substantive knowledge, Wittgenstein compares philosophical problems with riddles. What is (...)
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  9. Phenomenology, anti‐realism, and the knowability paradox.James Kinkaid - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):1010-1027.
    Husserl endorses ideal verificationism, the claim that there is a necessary correlation between truth and the ideal possibility of experience. This puts him in the company of semantic anti-realists like Dummett, Tennant, and Wright who endorse the knowability thesis that all truths are knowable. Unfortunately, there is a simple, seductive, and troubling argument due to Alonzo Church and Frederic Fitch that the knowability thesis collapses into the omniscience thesis that all truths are known. Phenomenologists should be worried. I assess the (...)
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  10. Social Ontologies of Race and their Development.David Miguel Gray - 2022 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (S1):4-20.
    The theme of this year’s Spindel Conference was Social Ontologies of Race. This editorial introduction serves as both a general introduction to the topic of racial ontology and an introduction to this volume’s contributions. I will first explain some central ideas for discussions of ontology in general. I will then make some basic taxonomic distinctions common to discussions of racial ontology and suggest some clarifications. I will then go on to discuss the five contributions to this volume.
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  11. Verso un nuovo realismo: osservazioni sulla stabilità tra estetica e metafisica.Luca Taddio - 2013 - Milano: Jouvence.
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  12. Il caso nuovo realismo: la lingua del dibattito filosofico contemporaneo.Raffaella Scarpa - 2013 - Milano: Mimesis.
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  13. Shi zai lun yu zhen li =.Michael Devitt - 2013 - Beijing: Ke xue chu ban she.
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  14. Realismo?: una questione non controversa.Franca D'Agostini - 2013 - Torino: Bollati Boringhieri.
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  15. Speculations IV: speculative realism.Michael Austin, Paul J. Ennis, Fabio Gironi, Thomas Gokey & Robert Jackson (eds.) - 2013 - Brooklyn, NY: Punctum Books.
    With this special volume of Speculations, the editors wanted to challenge the contested term "speculative realism," offering scholars who have some involvement with it a space to voice their opinions of the network of ideas commonly associated with the name.
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  16. What's critical about critical realism?: essays in reconstructive social theory.Frédéric Vandenberghe - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
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  17. Concerto pour être et univers.François Tard - 2014 - Saint Chéron: Éditions Unicité.
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  18. Kritischer Wissenschaftsrealismus: Grundlegung und Anwendung.Gabriele Neuhäuser - 2014 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
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  19. Zur heuristischen Qualität des Reduktionismus.Fabian Lausen - 2014 - Münster: Mentis.
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  20. Manifesto of new realism.Maurizio Ferraris - 2014 - Albany: SUNY Press, State University of New York Press.
    Realitism: the postmodern attack on reality -- Realism: things that have existed since the beginning of the world -- Reconstruction: why criticism starts from reality -- Emancipation: unexamined life has no value.
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  21. The good news about marriage: debunking discouraging myths about marriage and divorce.Shaunti Feldhahn - 2014 - Colorado Springs, CO: Multnomah Books.
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  22. Le réalisme en perspective.Mélika Ouelbani (ed.) - 2014 - Tunis: Université de Tunis, Faculté des sciences humaines et sociales de Tunis.
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  23. Le lieu de l'universel: impasses du réalisme dans la philosophie contemporaine.Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel - 2015 - Paris: Éditions du Seuil.
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  24. Réflexions sur la réalité en philosophie: la pensée empiricale versus la pensée transcendentale.Jean-Pierre Jameux - 2015 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
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  25. Positive realism.Maurizio Ferraris - 2015 - Washington, USA: Zero Books.
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  26. Introduction to new realism.Maurizio Ferraris - 2015 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Introduction to New Realism provides an overview of the movement of contemporary thought named New Realism, by its creator and most celebrated practitioner, Maurizio Ferraris. Sharing significant concerns and features with Speculative Realism and Object Oriented Ontology, New Realism can be said to be one of the most prescient philosophical positions today. Its desire to overcome the postmodern antirealism of Kantian origin, and to reassert the importance of truth and objectivity in the name of a new Enlightenment, has had an (...)
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  27. L'invention du réalisme.Étienne Bimbenet - 2015 - Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf.
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  28. Naturalism, realism, and normativity.Hilary Putnam - 2016 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    This collection of essays by Hilary Putnam, one of the very few contemporary grand masters of philosophy, presents the last development of Putnam's reflections regarding the core issue of his entire career: how to develop a form of philosophical realism able to account for both the scientific and the humanistic view of the world - that is, a conception in which the naturalistic view of the world can be reconciled with the acknowledgment that normative phenomena are a fundamental part of (...)
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  29. Il realismo e la fine della filosofia moderna.Vittorio Possenti - 2016 - Roma: Armando editore.
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  30. Hermeneutischer Realismus.Anton Friedrich Koch - 2016 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
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  31. Genealogies of speculation: materialism and subjectivity since structuralism.Armen Avanessian (ed.) - 2016 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
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  32. Constructing reality / Realität Konstruierend: Festschrift in honor of Prof. Dr. Friedrich Wallner in celebration of his 70th birthday / Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Friedrich Wallner zu Ehren seines 70. Geburtstages. [REVIEW]Friedrich Wallner & Nicole Holzenthal (eds.) - 2016 - New York: Peter Lang Edition.
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  33. Essais de réalisme minimal: relations, formes, singuliers.Pierre-André Huglo - 2017 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
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  34. Les pièges du réalisme: Kant et Lacan.Christian Fierens - 2017 - Louvain-la-Neuve: EME éditions.
  35. I nuovi realismi.Sarah De Sanctis (ed.) - 2017 - Firenze - Italia: Bompiani.
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  36. New perspectives on realism.Luca Taddio (ed.) - 2017 - [Place of publication not identified]: Mimesis International.
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  37. Eine Diskussion mit Markus Gabriel: phänomenologische Positionen zum Neuen Realismus.Peter Gaitsch, Sandra Lehmann & Philipp Schmidt (eds.) - 2017 - Wien: Verlag Turia + Kant.
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  38. Der Traum vom neutralen Blick: Parmenides und Wittgenstein als radikale Realisten.Jörg Bernardy - 2017 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
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  39. Speculative realism: an introduction.Graham Harman - 2018 - Medford, MA: Polity.
    Prometheanism -- Brassier at Goldsmiths -- Brassier's nihilism -- The path ahead -- Vitalist idealism -- Grant at Goldsmiths -- Philosophies of nature after Schelling -- A new sense of idealism -- Object-oriented ontology (OOO) -- OOO at Goldsmiths -- The withdrawn -- Objects and their qualities -- Vicarious causation -- The crucial place of aesthetics -- Speculative materialism -- Meillassoux at Goldsmiths -- After finitude -- Glimpses of the divine inexistence -- The two axes of speculative realism.
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  40. Cose: per una filosofia del reale.Felice Cimatti - 2018 - Torino: Bollati Boringhieri.
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  41. Shibenteki jitsuzairon to gendai ni tsuite: Chiba Masaya taidanshū.Masaya Chiba - 2018 - Tōkyō-to Chiyoda-ku: Seidosha.
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  42. Realisms interlinked: objects, subjects and other subjects.Arindam Chakrabarti - 2019 - New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
    This book brings together over 25 years of Arindam Chakrabarti's original research in East-West 'fusion' philosophy on issues of epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of mind. Organized under the three basic concepts of a thing out there in the world, the self who perceives it, and other subjects or selves, his work revolves around a set of realism links. Examining connections between metaphysical stances toward the world, selves, and universals, Chakrabarti engages with classical Indian and modern Western philosophical approaches to a (...)
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  43. Objects taken for wonders in Equiano's Interesting narrative.Alexander Dick - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  44. An object-oriented media studies: the case of romantic cookery books.Brian Rejack - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  45. Poe's Black cat.Graham Harman - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  46. Plasticity, poetry, and the end of art: Malabou, Hegel, Keats.Greg Ellermann - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  47. A perilous change of correspondence: romanticism after [nature].Mary Jacobus - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  48. Astral guts: the nemocentric self in Byron and Brassier.Aaron Ottinger - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  49. Romantic postapocalyptic politics: reveries of Rousseau, Derrida, and Meillassoux in a world without us.Chris Washington - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
  50. Surfing the crimson wave: romantic new materialisms and speculative feminisms.Kate Singer - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. Bloomsbury Academic.
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