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Summary What unites Kant’s social, political, and religious philosophies is the role autonomy plays in each of them. A foundational claim of Kant’s political philosophy is that the state’s role is to allow its citizens as much external freedom as possible (freedom from constraint) while not attempting to improve their virtue (their inner freedom, or ability to resist their own sensible desires). Similarly, a central goal of Kant’s philosophy of religion is to delineate what a proper church would be and to explain why we need it. The ideal church is one where confessions of belief (e.g., in particular miracle claims) are not required, but the attempt to live one’s life in conformity with the moral law is. We must strive to build such a church because we each begin our lives radically evil (disposed to subordinate our moral obligations to our own happiness); and, while we can each free ourselves from its thrall, we risk falling back into radical evil so long as there are others in hock to it. Consequently, we are called to build a church organized around combating our innate radical evil in order to go some way to bringing about the highest good (a state where there are perfectly virtuous people who are happy in proportion to their virtue). In other words, the Kantian state allows for outer freedom while the Kantian church focuses on enhancing our inner freedom. Kant’s social philosophy (which includes his philosophy of education) links together his political and religious philosophies: we are to encourage those ways of thinking and behaving that will conduce to the realization of the ideal church and state, and discourage those that oppose their establishment.
Key works Kant's key works in political philosophy are "An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment?", the second section of "On the Common Saying: That May Be Correct in Theory, but It Is of No Use in Practice", "Toward Perpetual Peace", and The Doctrine of Right (the first part of The Metaphysics of Morals) (all of these works can be found in Practical Philosophy). Kant's key works in the philosophy of religion are "The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God" (which can be found in Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770), and "On the Miscarriage of All Philosophical Trials in Theodicy", Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, and The Conflict of the Faculties (which can all be found in Religion and Rational Theology). Kant does not have any works dedicated to social philosophy per se, but one can find his social philosophy in parts of Lectures on Pedagogy, The Doctrine of Virtue (the second part of The Metaphysics of Morals), and Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View.
Introductions For introductions to Kant's political philosophy, see Ripstein 2009, Byrd & Hruschka 2010, and Kleingeld 2011. Overviews of Kant's religious thought include Wood 1970, Wood 1978, Green 1990, DiCenso 2012, and Pasternack 2014. A nice introduction of Kant's ethical theory that covers much of his social philosophy is Wood 1999.
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  1. Kant on the Origins of Humanity and Moral Education.Olga Lenczewska - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Ideas.
    Kant’s views on human history have been widely studied, but commentators have rarely discussed his speculative account of humanity’s origins, assuming that it does not neatly fit into his critical philosophy. This paper challenges this assumption by defending two claims. First, Kant’s major essay on this topic, “Conjectural Beginning of Human History,” is a key component of his teleological understanding of human history and should be incorporated into the study of his critical philosophy. Second, the story of humanity’s origins informs (...)
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  2. Property and the Will: Kant and Achenwall on Ownership Rights.Fiorella Tomassini - forthcoming - Kantian Review.
    This article examines Kant’s theory of property through a comparative analysis of Gottfried Achenwall’s justification of ownership rights. I argue that at the core of Achenwall’s and Kant’s understanding of ownership rights lies the idea that rights are to be acquired through a juridical act [factum iuridicum, rechtlichen Act] of the will. However, while Achenwall thinks of this act as emerging from a private will, Kant holds that rights and obligations can only be brought about by an act of the (...)
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  3. Foreword to Radicalizing Kant?Corey W. Dyck - 2022 - Kantian Review 27 (4):523-524.
    This is a foreword to the special issue of Kantian Review (27.4) entitled Radicalizing Kant?, co-edited by Corey W. Dyck and Charles W. Mills.
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  4. Redefining and Extending the Public Use of Reason: Republic and Reform in Kant’s Conflict of the Faculties.Roberta Pasquarè - manuscript
    With An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment? (1784) and What Does It Mean to Orient Oneself in Thinking? (1786), Kant presents the concept of public use of reason and defines its requirements, scope, and function. In outline, the public use of reason consists in sharing one’s thoughts with “the entire public of the world of readers” (8:37). As for its requirements, to the extent that someone communicates in their own person, i.e. not in the exercise of their function (...)
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  5. Conspiracy Theories and Rational Critique: A Kantian Procedural Approach.Janis David Schaab - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper develops a new kind of approach to conspiracy theories – a procedural approach. This approach promises to establish that belief in conspiracy theories is rationally criticisable in general. Unlike most philosophical approaches, a procedural approach does not purport to condemn conspiracy theorists directly on the basis of features of their theories. Instead, it focuses on the patterns of thought involved in forming and sustaining belief in such theories. Yet, unlike psychological approaches, a procedural approach provides a rational critique (...)
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  6. A Critical Examination on the Religious Argument for God's Existence.Juyong Kim - 2020 - 신학과 학문 (Theology and Other Disciplines) 1 (22):107-123.
    In this article, I critically examine the religious argument for the existence of God, which Palmquist formulated from Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. After showing the structure of the argument, I point the problematic point of the argument and focus on the concept of Gesinnung. The privateness of Gesinnung is problematized in the analysis of it, and I briefly suggest that an alternative account of the Gesinnung is possible. Yet I emphasize the advantage that this argument has (...)
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  7. Kant and Rawls on the Moral and Political Development of Persons.Olga Lenczewska - 2021 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    My dissertation examines Kant’s and Rawls’s theories of the moral development of individuals within structured political communities. I reconstruct Kant’s under-studied account of the emergence of reason by looking at his remarks on the transition our species underwent from mere irrational animals into primitive human beings. I show how his account of the emergence of reason fits with his broader view of humankind’s rational progress and the moral development of an individual. Next, I argue that Kant’s anthropological and pedagogical writings (...)
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  8. What Should we Hope?Seniye Tilev - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (5).
    In this paper I propose an interpretation of Kant’s notion of the highest good which bears political, ethical, and religious layers simultaneously. I argue that a proper analysis of what Kant allows us to hope for necessarily involves what we should hope for as moral agents. I argue that Kant’s conception of the highest good plays a crucial role in his moral theory as it designates the ideal “context” of moral experience which can be described as “a moral world”. Each (...)
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  9. Introduction: Kant's Doctrine of Right in the 21st Century.Paula Satne, Nuria Sánchez Madrid & Larry Krasnoff - 2018 - In Larry Krasnoff, Nuria Sánchez Madrid & Paula Satne (eds.), Kant's Doctrine of Right in the 21st Century. Cardiff, UK: pp. 1-8.
  10. From Rationality to Morality: The Collective Development of Practical Reason in Kant’s Moral Anthropology.Olga Lenczewska - 2022 - Kantian Review 27 (3):363-383.
    While Kant’s account of humankind’s rational progress has been widely discussed, his views about the way in which this progress might have begun and the circumstances surrounding this beginning have been largely neglected. Implicit in such an omission is the assumption that Kant does not say much about the very beginning of human history or that whatever he says is of little philosophical value. This paper challenges these assumptions. I reconstruct Kant’s account of the emergence of reason by looking at (...)
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  11. Die Idee des "ewigen Friedens" in der bürgerlich-demokratischen Publizistik Friedrich Schlegels und Joseph Görres'.Stahl Jürgen - 1985 - In Erhard Lange (ed.), Collegium philosophicum jenense Nr. 6 Philosophie und Frieden. Beiträge zum Friedensgedanken in der Deutschen Klassik. Weimar: Hermann Böhlau Nachfolger. pp. 155-169.
    Sowohl Friedrich Schlegel als auch Joseph Görres reagieren mit ihren Einlassungen auf die Idee des "Ewigen Friedens", wie sie vor allem durch Kant vorgetragen und um 1800 durch eine Vielzahl von Autoren im Angesicht einer stürmischen und kriegerischen Zeitenwende diskutiert wurden -/- With their statements, both Friedrich Schlegel and Joseph Görres react to the idea of "eternal peace", as it was primarily put forward by Kant and discussed by a large number of authors around 1800 in the face of a (...)
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  12. Presentacion de las editoras. El impacto de Onora O'Neill en los estudios Kantianos en lengua espanola.Paula Satne - 2018 - In Construyendo la autonomía, la autoridad y la justicia. Leer a Kant con Onora O'Neill. Valencia, Spain: pp. 21-26.
  13. Kant on Property.Helga Varden - forthcoming - In Oxford Handbook of Kant.
    This paper provides an entrance into central discussions regarding Kant’s account of property. The first section shows how Kant engages and transforms important, related proposals from Hobbes and Locke as well as how the ‘libertarian’ and ‘liberal republican’ interpretive traditions differ in their readings on these points. Since Kantian theories for a long time didn’t focus on Kant’s Doctrine of Right but instead followed Rawls’s lead by developing Kantian theories grounded on Kant’s (meta-) ethical writings, the second section focuses on (...)
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  14. Healing the Wound: Rossi on Kantian Critique, Community, and the Remedies to the “Dear Self”.Pablo Muchnik - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (5):1817-1835.
    The main purpose of these introductory remarks is to give the reader a sense of Philip Rossi’s philosophical project and its importance. I will then advance an interpretation of what motivates Kant’s commitment to community, and, on its basis, object to Rossi’s views on radical evil –a point which affects how one should conceive the moral vocation of humanity and the role that politics and religion play within it. My reconstruction concludes with a sketch of how the five contributions to (...)
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  15. Reply to Critics (Sex, Love, and Gender: A Kantian Theory).Helga Varden - 2021 - SGIR Review 4 (1-2):78-100.
    hese are replies to my critics at at Society for German Idealism and Romanticism (SGIR) Author-Meets-Critics session, Pacific APA 2021. -/- Published version of the full symposium is available on SGIR Review's homepage.
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  16. Immanuel Kant: From Universal Rationality to Perpetual Peace.Joseph Hatfield - 2017 - Middletown, RI, USA: Stone Tower Press.
    Hatfield, Joseph M. 2017. “Immanual Kant: from Universal Rationality to Perpetual Peace,” book chapter in Philosophers and War, edited by Timothy Demy, Eric Patterson, and Jeffrey Shaw. Middletown, RI: Stone Tower Press.
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  17. Liberty, diversity and domination: Kant, Mill and the Government of Difference.Menaka Philips - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (1):13-16.
  18. Kant, coercion, and the legitimation of inequality.Benjamin L. McKean - 2022 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 25 (4):528-550.
    Immanuel Kant’s political philosophy has enjoyed renewed attention as an egalitarian alternative to contemporary inequality since it seems to uncompromisingly reassert the primacy of the state over the economy, enabling it to defend the modern welfare state against encroaching neoliberal markets. However, I argue that, when understood as a free-standing approach to politics, Kant’s doctrine of right shares essential features with the prevailing theories that legitimate really existing economic inequality. Like Friedrich Hayek and Milton Friedman, Kant understands the state’s function (...)
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  19. Defying democratic despair: A Kantian account of hope in politics.Jakob Huber - 2021 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (4).
    In times of a prevailing sense of crisis and disorder in modern politics, there is a growing sentiment that anger, despair or resignation are more appropriate attitudes to navigate the world than hope. Political philosophers have long shared this suspicion and shied away from theorising hope more systematically. The aim of this article is to resist this tendency by showing that hope constitutes an integral part of democratic politics in particular. In making this argument I draw on Kant’s conceptualisation of (...)
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  20. Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform by Laura Papish. [REVIEW]Janelle DeWitt - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (4):651-656.
    Review of: Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by PapishLaura. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xvii + 257.
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  21. Non-State Peoples and Cosmopolitan Exit From the State of Nature.Stefano Lo Re - 2020 - Estudos Kantianos 1 (8):111-129.
    Non-state peoples cannot be subjects of Kant’s international law, which accordingly affords them no protection against external interference. They might also lack the dynamic of private law at the basis of the duty of state entrance. Prima facie, this compels Kant to allow that their lands be appropriated and that they be forced out of the state of nature. But this conclusion is at odds with his cosmopolitanism, particularly its anti-imperialistic commitments: non-state peoples are protected against annexation, under Kant’s cosmopolitan (...)
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  22. Putting proximity in its place.Jakob Huber - 2020 - Contemporary Political Theory 19 (3):341-358.
    Which role can physical proximity play in our thinking about the foundations of political community in a world where, due to political, economic and technological developments, we seem to live side by side with virtually everyone globally? This article interrogates this question in conversation with Kant’s political thought, where proximity makes a prominent appearance both as a foundation of statehood and of cosmopolitan community. I argue that, as a scalar criterion, the idea of proximity cannot serve as a particularisation principle (...)
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  23. Immanuel Kant - Racist and Colonialist?Vadim Chaly - 2020 - Kantian Journal 39 (2):94-98.
    A murder of an Afro-American detainee by a policeman at the end of May 2020 caused a public outrage in the United States, which led to a campaign against the monuments to historical figures whose reputation, according to the protesters, was marred by racism. Some German publicists, impressed by the campaign, initiated an analogous search for racists among the national thinkers and politicians of the past. Suddenly Kant emerged as a ‘scapegoat’. This statement is an attempt to assess such reactions (...)
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  24. On Kant’s Concept of the Public Use of Reason: A Rehabilitation of Orality.Roberta Pasquarè - 2020 - Estudos Kantianos 8 (1):101-110.
    With this paper I intend to rehabilitate the status of orality as medium of the public use of reason in the normative Kantian sense. As a first step, I reconstruct the reasons why Kant rejects the spoken word and designates the written word as the sole medium of public reasoning. As a second step, I argue for the possibility of employing the spoken word as medium of public reasoning while remaining within the normative framework of Kant’s concept of the public (...)
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  25. 尋找康德哲學新定向 — 從「希望」審視其哲學.Tak-lap Yeung & 楊德立 - 2014 - 國立政治大學哲學學報 32:93-127.
    「我可希望甚麼?」希望問題(question of hope /Hoffnungsfrage)於康德學統裡常為人忽略。學者多歸諸宗教哲學範疇,甚或僅視為一附帶、中介問題,以聯繫「我能知甚麼?」與「我應做甚麼?」的論域,遂至今仍未見完整、獨立的康德希望哲學或希望理 論面世。 雖然學人鮮以「希望」為研究重點,但並不代表希望概念於康德言無足輕重,反之,若以之為繩準閱讀其哲學,可看到有關希望問題 的思慮實貫穿了康德「批判」和「學說」時期。本文以「希望概念和問題」為圓心,梳理出康德哲學中一道從思考「最高善」發展到關注 「人類道德進步」的線索,圖以之開展閱讀康德哲學之新定向。 -/- The question of hope (Hoffnungsfrage) - “What may I hope?” – has been overlooked in the mainstream Kantian scholarship. It is generally categorized into the field of philosophy of religion, or even to be treated as an appendage or solely a mediating question to connect the discourses on “what can I know?” and “what ought I to do?”, whilst the marginalization of this question leads to indifference towards the related researches. Therefore a (...)
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  26. Plurality and the potential for agreement: Arendt, Kant, and the “way of thinking” of the world citizen.Nicholas Dunn - 2020 - Constellations 27 (2):244-257.
  27. Kantian Care.Helga Varden - forthcoming - In Amy Baehr & Asha Bhandary (eds.), Caring for Liberalism: Dependency and Political Theory. pp. 50-74.
    How do we care well for a human being: ourselves or another? Non-Kantian scholars rarely identify the philosophy of Kant as a particularly useful resource with which to understand the full complexity of human care. Kant’s philosophy is often taken to presuppose that a philosophical analysis of good human life needs to attend only to how autonomous, rational agents—sprung up like mushrooms out of nowhere, without a childhood, never sick, always independent—ought to act respectfully, and how they can be forced (...)
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  28. Myśl europejska w poszukiwaniu definicji obywatela. Rzecz o koncepcjach statusu jednostki w państwie przed przełomem rewolucji francuskiej. Kontekst historyczny, podobieństwa i różnice, znaczenie.Krzysztof Trzcinski - 2006 - Przegląd Humanistyczny 50 (3):59-81.
    Na długo przed rewolucją francuską oraz jej pierworodną Deklaracją Praw Człowieka i Obywatela w europejskiej myśli politycznej członek państwa przedzierzgnięty został z poddanego w obywatela. Ta fundamentalna zmiana w definiowaniu stanowiska jednostki w państwie korespondowała z humanistycznym postrzeganiem rozumu ludzkiego nie tylko jako instrumentu poznawania świata, ale też narzędzia głębokiej refleksji i krytycznej oceny mechanizmów światem rządzących. Siła rozumu kojarzona była przez oświeceniowych filozofów z porządkiem naturalnym, który jawił się przeciwwagą dla społecznych i politycznych realiów absolutnego władztwa monarszego. W XVIII (...)
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  29. The Disciplinary Conception of Enlightenment in Kant’s Critical Philosophy.Farshid Baghai - 2020 - Critical Horizons 21 (2):130-152.
    Kant does not completely work out his philosophical conception of enlightenment. The definition of enlightenment that he offers in his well-known essay on the topic does not seem to completely match the definition that he puts forward later in his essay on the pantheism controversy and in the third Critique. It remains unclear how the two definitions relate to each other and whether and how they rest on the same principle. The lack of clarity in Kant’s conception of enlightenment is (...)
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  30. Freedom in the External Relation of All Human Beings: On Kant’s Cosmopolitanism.Christian F. Rostbøll - 2020 - Kantian Review 25 (2):243-265.
    An influential interpretation of Kant’s Doctrine of Right suggests that the relationship between public right and freedom is constitutive rather than instrumental. The focus has been on domestic right and members’ relations to their own state. This has resulted in a statist bias which has not adequately dealt with the fact that Kant regards public right as a system composed of three levels – domestic, international and cosmopolitan right. This article suggests that the constitutive relationship is between all levels of (...)
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  31. Kant on Nonhuman Animals and God.Ina Goy - 2020 - In John Callanan & Lucy Allais (eds.), Kant and Animals. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 89-104.
    This chapter examines Kant's account of the nature of nonhuman and human animals in the "Critique of the Power of Judgement". It discusses how Kant thought that a complete account of the forms of explanation commit one to belief in God. It concludes, firstly, that Kant's account implies an unhealthy anthropocentrism and an Enlightenment prejudice in the form of the overestimation of reason, and secondly, that the Kantian model of God lacks one of the main characteristics of the Christian conception (...)
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  32. On Affective Universality: Kant, Arendt and Lyotard on Sensus Communis.Andrea Rehberg - 2020 - In Sorin Baiasu & Alberto Vanzo (eds.), Kant and the Continental Tradition: Sensibility, Nature, and Religion. New York: Routledge.
  33. Kant über das Recht des Privatgebrauchs des Erdbodens: Zugleich eine Beantwortung der Frage, warum § 16 der Metaphysischen Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre der richtige Ort für die fünf falsch gesetzten Absätze aus § 6 ist. [REVIEW]Michael Wolff - 2020 - Kant Studien 111 (1):67-103.
    As is well known, § 6 of Kant’s Metaphysical First Principles of the Doctrine of Right contains five paragraphs that do not belong there. The article shows that their correct location is at the end of § 16. This sheds some new light on Kant’s theory of property and its significance for Kant’s doctrine of cosmopolitan right.
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  34. Practice theory and conservative thought.Michael Strand - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (5):108-134.
    The concept of practice is thematically central to modern conservative thought, as evident in Edmund Burke’s writings on the aesthetic and his diatribe against the French Revolution. It is also the main organizing thread in the framework in the human sciences known as practice theory, which extends back at least to Karl Marx’s ‘Theses on Feuerbach’. This article historicizes ‘practice’ in conservative thought and practice theory, accounts for the family resemblance between the two, and takes apart that family resemblance to (...)
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  35. Jeffrey Edwards: Autonomy, Moral Worth, and Right. Kant on Obligatory Ends, Respect for Law, and Original Acquisition. Berlin/boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2018. 353 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-11-051606-7.Autonomy, Moral Worth, and Right. Kant on Obligatory Ends, Respect for Law, and Original Acquisition. [REVIEW]Georg Geismann - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (2):326-332.
  36. Kant’s Non-Positivistic Concept of Law.Robert Alexy - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):497-512.
    The main thesis of this article is that Kant’s concept of law is a non-positivistic one, notwithstanding the fact that his legal philosophy includes very strong positivistic elements. My argument takes as its point of departure the distinction of three elements, around which the debate between positivism and non-positivism turns: first, authoritative issuance, second, social efficacy, and, third, moral correctness. All positivistic theories are confined to the first two elements. As soon as a necessary connection between these first two elements (...)
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  37. Bona Fama Defuncti in Kant’s Rechtslehre: Some Perspectives.Thomas Mertens - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):513-529.
    Although Kant’s final work in moral philosophy, Die Metaphysik der Sitten, currently attracts much scholarly attention, there is still a lot to explore. This article is an attempt to get to grips with a particular, often neglected passage of the Rechtslehre, namely §35. Here Kant defends the view that not only can a person’s good reputation can be tarnished after his death, but also that this constitutes a violation of this dead person’s property. Here I will not be able to (...)
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  38. Political Independence, Territorial Integrity and Private Law Analogies.Arthur Ripstein - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):573-604.
    Kant deploys analogies from private law in describing relations between states. I explore the relation between these analogies and the broader Kantian idea of the distinctively public nature of a rightful condition, in order to explain why states, understood as public things, stand in horizontal, private legal relations without themselves being private. I use this analysis to explore the international law analogues of the three titles of private right, explaining how territory differs from property, treaty from contract and the specific (...)
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  39. The Legislative Authority.M. E. Newhouse - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):531-553.
    This article develops an account of the nature and limits of the state’s legislative authority that closely attends to the challenge of harmonizing Kant’s ethical and juridical theories. It clarifies some key Kantian concepts and terms, then explains the way in which the state’s three interlocking authorities – legislative, executive, and judicial – are metaphysically distinct and mutually dependent. It describes the emergence of the Kantian state and identifies the preconditions of its authority. Then it offers a metaphysical model of (...)
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  40. The Principles of Constitutional Reform.Jacob Weinrib - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):631-651.
    In legal orders around the world, commitments to democracy, liberalism and constitutionalism are increasingly eroding. Although political and constitutional theorists often lament this trend, they invariably adopt frameworks that are indifferent to these commitments. My aims in this article are both critical and constructive. As a critical matter, I will expose the indifference of the leading political and constitutional theories to the emergence, maintenance and refinement of liberal democratic constitutional orders. As a constructive matter, I will draw on Immanuel Kant’s (...)
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  41. Neo-Kantian Cosmopolitanism and International Law: Modest Practicality?Peter Sutch - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):605-629.
    This article explores the practical approach to global justice advocated by the cosmopolitan political theorists Pogge, Beitz and Buchanan. Using a comparative exposition it outlines their reliance on international law and on human rights law in particular. The essay explores the neo-Kantian influence on the practical approach and offers an original critique of this trend in contemporary international political theory.
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  42. The Role of ‘Previous Generations’ in the Just Savings Principle of John Rawls.Ben Pontin - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):555-571.
    This article explores the shift in Rawls’ just savings principle away from an initial iteration that was indifferent to previous generational savings, to one in which past historical savings are the cornerstone of the motivation to save for future generations. Attention is given to the practical application of the revised principle in the field of the environment. The revised principle is argued to be an improvement on the initial one, because previous generations have an existence and identity that is more (...)
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  43. The Anatomy of Truth: Literary Modes as a Kantian Model for Understanding the Openness of Knowledge and Morality to Faith.Gene Fendt - 2006 - In Chris L. Firestone & Stephen R. Palmquist (eds.), Kant and the New Philosophy of Religion. Bloomington, IN, USA: Indiana University Press. pp. 90-104.
    Kant's famous statement (from the first Critique) that he found it necessary to deny knowledge in order to make room for faith acknowledges a religious or theological telos to the entire critical project. This article outlines a series of relations of 'knowledge' to 'faith' in the architectonic repetitions with variation that plays from the first Critique through the Religion. Various deployments of 'truth' at each stage presume a kind of 'faith' or trust all the way along. These deployments are shown (...)
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  44. Rudolf Langthaler: Kant über den Glauben und die „Selbsterhaltung der Vernunft“. Sein Weg von der „Kritik“ zur „eigentlichen Metaphysik“ - und darüber hinaus. 398 Seiten. Freiburg/München, Alber 2018; ISBN 978-3-49548985-7. [REVIEW]Robert Theis - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (3):519-525.
  45. Ingeborg Maus, Justiz als gesellschaftliches Über-Ich. Zur Position der Rechtsprechung in der Demokratie Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2018 Pp. 266 ISBN 9783518298299 €18.00. [REVIEW]Jiří Přibáň - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (3):487-491.
  46. Oxford Handbook of Kant.Andrew Stephenson & Anil Gomes (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  47. Jeffrey Edwards: Autonomy, Moral Worth, and Right. Kant on Obligatory Ends, Respect for Law, and Original Acquisition. Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2018. 353 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-11-051606-7. [REVIEW]Georg Geismann - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (2):326-332.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 110 Heft: 2 Seiten: 326-332.
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  48. Ein weiteres Reinschriftfragment von Kants Entwurf Zum ewigen Frieden.Volker Schröder - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (2):189-210.
    This article provides a transcription and analysis of a newly located fragment of Kant’s autograph fair copy of his essay on Perpetual Peace. The 4-page manuscript is part of the John Wild Autograph Collection at Princeton University (USA) and constitutes the immediate sequel to a similar fragment preserved in the Staatsarchiv Hamburg and published in Kant-Studien 77 (1986). The Princeton fragment was not included in volume 23 of the Akademie-Ausgabe and was unavailable to recent editors; it presents a number of (...)
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  49. Why Is Kant Noncommittal About Grace?Robert Gressis - 2017 - Con-Textos Kantianos 6:272-284.
    In Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, Kant claims that we may need to invoke divine aid in order to explain how a person can change from evil to good. Kant’s language is a bit curious; why does he not more clearly assert, either that we must posit divine grace, or that we may not? The explanation is this: if we affirm that God grants aid, then this could convince people to passively await it or to think, upon becoming (...)
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  50. “Race”, “sex”, and “gender”: intersections, naturalistic fallacies, and the Age of Reason.Carina Pape - 2015 - In Martin L. Davies (ed.), Thinking about the Enlightenment. London, Vereinigtes Königreich: pp. 153-170.
    The terms “race” and “sex / gender” have a specific relation to the Age of Enlightenment. Both were relevant for the new discourses of anthropology or the ‘nature of men’. Both have ‘naturalistic’ and social aspects that intersect, as the double-termed idea of “sex / gender” shows explicitly. The idea of “race” is no less complex. Both terms were topics of theoretical anthropology, but were nevertheless charged with pragmatic implications which lead to naturalistic fallacies: the equation of physical features and (...)
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