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  1. Plato's Phaedo as an Aesopian Fable About the Immortal Soul: A Fragmentary Attempt in Understanding.Ivan Chvatík - forthcoming - The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy.
  2. The Philosopher’s Reward: Contemplation and Immortality in Plato’s Dialogues.Suzanne Obdrzalek - forthcoming - In Alex Long (ed.), Immortality in Ancient Philosophy.
    In dialogues ranging from the Symposium to the Timaeus, Plato appears to propose that the philosopher’s grasp of the forms may confer immortality upon him. Whatever can Plato mean in making such a claim? What does he take immortality to consist in, such that it could constitute a reward for philosophical enlightenment? And how is this proposal compatible with Plato’s insistence throughout his corpus that all soul, not just philosophical soul, is immortal? In this chapter, I pursue these questions by (...)
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  3. Philosophy and Literature: The Arguments of Plato's Phaedo.Christopher Rowe - forthcoming - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy.
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  4. Plato's Phaedo: Forms, Death, and the Philosophical Life.David Ebrey - 2022 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Plato's Phaedo is a literary gem that develops many of his most famous ideas. David Ebrey's careful reinterpretation argues that the many debates about the dialogue cannot be resolved so long as we consider its passages in relative isolation from one another, separated from their intellectual background. His book shows how Plato responds to his literary, religious, scientific, and philosophical context, and argues that we can only understand the dialogue's central ideas and arguments in light of its overall structure. This (...)
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  5. The Unfolding Account of Forms in the Phaedo.David Ebrey - 2022 - In David Ebrey & Richard Kraut (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed. Cambridge, UK: pp. 268-297.
    In Plato’s dialogues, Socrates calls things like justice, piety, and largeness “forms.” In several of these dialogues, he makes clear that forms are very different from familiar objects like tables and trees. Why, exactly, does he think that they differ and how are they supposed to do so? This chapter argues that in the Phaedo Socrates does not assume that they are different, but rather, over five stages of the dialogue, provides an account of how and why they do so. (...)
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  6. A Long Lost Relative in the Parmenides? Plato’s Family of Hypothetical Methods.Evan Rodriguez - 2022 - Apeiron 55 (1):141-166.
    The Parmenides has been unduly overlooked in discussions of hypothesis in Plato. It contains a unique method for testing first principles, a method I call ‘exploring both sides’. The dialogue recommends exploring the consequences of both a hypothesis and its contradictory and thematizes this structure throughout. I challenge the view of Plato’s so-called ‘method of hypothesis’ as an isolated stage in Plato’s development; instead, the evidence of the Parmenides suggests a family of distinct hypothetical methods, each with its own peculiar (...)
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  7. The Last Natural Philosophers in Plato’s Phaedo 99b2-C6.Daniel Vázquez - 2022 - Mnemosyne (Advance Articles):1-24.
    This paper examines the possible sources of the theories introduced in Phaedo 99b2-c6. It argues that Plato is primarily alluding to Aristophanes’ Clouds and views held by Diogenes of Apollonia and Archelaus of Athens. But the passage, I also suggest, could serve another rhetorical function. By inviting us to reflect on whether and to what extent other natural philosophers fit the description of these theories, the text emphasises the gulf between Socrates and his predecessors. The paper concludes by discussing the (...)
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  8. Causes in Plato’s Phaedo.Michael Wiitala - 2022 - Plato Journal 23:37-50.
    As Socrates recounts his search for causes (aitiai) in the Phaedo, he identifies the following as genuine causes: intelligence (nous), seeming best, choice of the best, and the forms. I argue that these causes should be understood as norms prescribing the conditions their effects must meet if those effects are to be produced. Thus, my account both explains what Socrates’ causes are and the way in which they cause what they cause.
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  9. The Phaedo's Final Argument and the Soul's Kinship with the Divine.David Ebrey - 2021 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (61):25-62.
    In the _Phaedo), Socrates leads us to expect that his final argument will address the details of Cebes’ cloakmaker objection. Nonetheless, almost all commentators treat the final argument as unconnected to these details. This paper argues that close attention to Cebes’ objection, Socrates’ restatement of it, and Socrates’ final argument shows that the final argument does offer a detailed response. According to the objection, the soul suffers as it brings life to the body, which ultimately leads to its destruction. Socrates (...)
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  10. Temperance and Epistemic Purity in Plato’s Phaedo.Patricia Marechal - 2021 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 1.
    In this paper I examine the moral psychology of the Phaedo and argue that the philosophical life in this dialogue is a temperate life, and that temperance consists in exercising epistemic discernment by actively withdrawing assent from incorrect evaluations the body inclines us to make. Philosophers deal with bodily affections by taking a correct epistemic stance. Exercising temperance thus understood is a necessary condition both for developing and strengthening rational capacities, and for fixing accurate beliefs about value. The purification philosophers (...)
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  11. Review of Samuel Scolnicov, Plato’s Method of Hypothesis in the Middle Dialogues, Edited by Harold Tarrant. [REVIEW]Evan Rodriguez - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (3):549-550.
    This volume, a lightly-edited version of Professor Samuel Scolnicov’s 1974 Ph.D. thesis, is a fitting tribute to his impressive career. It will perhaps be most useful for those interested in better understanding Scolnicov’s work and his views on Plato as a whole, not least for the comprehensive list of his publications that requires a full twelve pages of print. Scholars with an interest in Plato’s method of hypothesis will also find some useful remarks on key passages in the Meno, Phaedo, (...)
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  12. On Plato's Conception of Change.Francesco Ademollo - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 55:35-83.
    In this paper I argue that in several passages Plato sympathizes with the following view: sensible particulars undergo continuous, pervasive physical change; as a consequence, where there seems to be one and the same object which is identical through time, there is in fact a succession of impermanent objects numerically distinct from each other but similar to each other. I illustrate the difference between this view—which invites interesting comparisons with modern and contemporary theories—and other, superficially similar views which Plato criticizes. (...)
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  13. Plato's Guide to Living with Your Body.Russell E. Jones & Patricia Marechal - 2018 - In Philosophy of Mind in Antiquity: The History of the Philosophy of Mind, Volume 1. Routledge. pp. 84-100.
    In the Phaedo, Socrates offers recommendations for living a philosophical life. We argue that those recommendations can be properly understood only in light of Socrates’ account of the soul’s true nature, considered separately from the body. Embodiment causes the soul to diverge from its proper end, the pursuit of knowledge. Bodily pleasures, pains, and desires divert the soul to other ends, distract its attention away from knowledge, and deceive it about what is true. Socrates’ recommended solutions to these obstacles are (...)
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  14. Annotated Bibliography on Plato's Phaedo.David Ebrey - 2017 - Oxford Bibliographies.
    8000 Word annotated bibliography on the Phaedo, with roughly 70 entries. Note that the subscription version is a bit easier to navigate. The hyperlinks work in this pdf, but you can not as easily jump to the different sections.
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  15. A Fourth Way of Reading Plato’s Phaedo.Donka D. Markus - 2017 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 11 (1):80-90.
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  16. O PROBLEMA DA PARTICIPAÇÃO NOS DIÁLOGOS DE PLATÃO: FÉDON, REPÚBLICA, PARMÊNIDES E SOFISTA.Otacilio Luciano de Sousa Neto - 2017 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal Do Ceará, Brazil
  17. On Being Reminded of Heraclitus by the Motifs in Plato’s Phaedo.Catherine Rowett - 2017 - In Enrica Fantino, Ulrike Muss, Charlotte Schubert & Kurt Sier (eds.), Heraklit Im Kontext. De Gruyter. pp. 373-414.
    In this paper I argue that we can better understand Plato’s Phaedo, if we don’t concentrate solely on the hints of Pythagoreanism among the characters and their doctrines, as though that were the principal key to the dialogue’s dialec- tical targets. I suggest that the dialogue is intended to make us think of the meta-physics of at least one other Presocratic predecessor, besides any Pythagorean influence (which may be much less than has been thought). Not least among the thinkers of (...)
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  18. Η ερμηνεία του Βησσαρίωνα για την τρίτη απόδειξη της αθανασίας της ψυχής στον Φαίδωνα του Πλάτωνος (78b4-80c1) [Bessarion’s interpretation of Plato’s Phaedo: The third proof of the immortality of the soul (78b4-80c1)].Athanasia Theodoropoulou - 2017 - Ηθική (11):52-63.
  19. The ‘Two Worlds’ Theory in the Phaedo.Gail Fine - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (4):557-572.
    ABSTRACTAt least in some dialogues, Plato has been thought to hold the so-called Two Worlds Theory, according to which there can be belief but not knowledge about sensibles, and knowledge but not belief about forms. The Phaedo is one such dialogue. In this paper, I explore some key passages that might be thought to support TW, and ask whether they in fact do so. I also consider the related issue of whether the Phaedo argues that, if knowledge is possible at (...)
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  20. Review: Hugh H. Benson. Clitophon's Challenge: Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. 328 Pages; $65.00/Hardcover. [REVIEW]Yale Weiss - 2016 - Philosophical Forum 47 (1):25-29.
  21. Ancient Readings of Plato’s Phaedo.Sylvain Delcomminette, Pieter D'Hoine & Marc-Antoine Gavray (eds.) - 2015 - Brill.
    Unlike the _Phaedo_ itself, its reception in Antiquity remains little studied. By examining the extant commentaries, their sources, and the dialogue’s presence in the reflections of ancient thinkers both inside and outside the Platonic tradition, this volume aims to reconstruct its ancient history.
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  22. Plato’s Ingredient Principle: Phaedo 105a2-5.Boris Hennig - 2015 - Ancient Philosophy 35 (2):303-316.
    We can accept Plato's "ingredient principle" when we replace the distinction between things and properties with a slightly different one.
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  23. Plato, Republic and Phaedo. D. Sherman Soul, World, and Idea. An Interpretation of Plato's Republic and Phaedo. Pp. VIII + 410. Lanham, Md. And Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2013. Cased, £70, Us$110. Isbn: 978-0-7391-7232-2. [REVIEW]Eirini-Foteini Viltanioti - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (1):51-53.
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  24. Platonic Causes Revisited.D. T. J. Bailey - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (1):15-32.
    This Paper Offers A New Interpretation of Phaedo 96a–103a. Plato has devoted the dialogue up to this point to a series of arguments for the claim that the soul is immortal. However, one of the characters, Cebes, insists that so far nothing more has been established than that the soul is durable, divine, and in existence before the incarnation of birth. What is needed is something more ambitious: a proof that the soul is not such as to pass out of (...)
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  25. Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato’s Phaedo. [REVIEW]Dennis Clark - 2014 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 8 (1):107-109.
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  26. Sherman, Daniel., Soul, World and Idea: An Interpretation of Plato's Republic and Phaedo. [REVIEW]Kevin Crotty - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 68 (1):197-199.
  27. Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato's “Phaedo.”.G. Fay Edwards - 2014 - Philosophical Review 123 (2):231-234.
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  28. Socrates and the Gods: How to Read Plato's Euthyphro, Apology and Crito. By Nalin Ranasinghe. [REVIEW]Gene Fendt - 2014 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):187-189.
  29. The Platonic Conception of Immortality and its Connexion with the Theory of Ideas.R. K. Gaye - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1904, this book examines the connection between two of Plato's most famous theories, the Theory of Ideas and the Theory of the Immortality of the Soul, and assesses the development of Plato's thinking concerning the nature of the soul and its connection to the body. Gaye looks at pre-Platonic views on immortality and the place of immortality in Plato's overall philosophical structure. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Platonic philosophy.
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  30. The Role of Ἀριθμός in Plato’s Phaedo.Sophia Stone - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (1):137-149.
    The paper argues that the role of ἀριθμός (i.e., a limited multitude) is important for understanding the logical form of the final proof for the immortality of the soul. Along the way, it rejects the notion that soul is a form or the particularity of a form and suggests instead that it is something like an intermediate object. It is the first paper from a set of papers in progress that analyze Plato's metaphysics with respect to the ancient Greek conception (...)
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  31. Misologie und Misanthropie in Platons Phaidon.Ulrich Diehl - 2013 - In H.-J. Gerigk / H. Koopmann (ed.), Hass. Darstellung und Deutung in den Wissenschaften und Künsten. Mattes Verlag.
    Das Thema der Misologie und Misanthropie lässt sich wie so viele anderen philosophischen Themen der europäischen Geistesgeschichte bis zu einem platonischen Dialog zurückverfolgen. In diesem Fall handelt es sich um Platons berühmten Dialog Phaidon. Nun handelt dieser Dialog bekanntlich von der Frage nach der Unsterblichkeit der menschlichen Seele. Dennoch verweist Sokrates an einer bestimmten Stelle des Dialoges auf die für den Menschen drohenden Gefahren der Misologie und der Misanthropie hin, dem Hass auf die Vernunft und den Hass auf den Menschen, (...)
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  32. The Memory of Virtue: Achieving Immortality in Plato's Symposium.Anthony Hooper - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (2):543-557.
    The prospect of human immortality is manifest in many of Plato's writings, appearing as early as the Apology and the Crito, and as late as Book 12 of the Laws. But nowhere is immortality given so much attention, nor as central a place in Plato's philosophical projects, as in what have traditionally been referred to as his Middle Period works, so it is hardly surprising that we find an extensive treatment of the subject of immortality in Socrates’ own encomium in (...)
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  33. Plato’s Phaedo as a Pedagogical Drama.Sarah Jansen - 2013 - Ancient Philosophy 33 (2):333-352.
  34. Drama, Dogmatism, and the 'Equals'argument in Plato's Phaedo.David Lee - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 44:1.
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  35. Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato’s Phaedo, by Sebastian R. Ph. Gertz. [REVIEW]Donka D. Markus - 2013 - Ancient Philosophy 33 (2):464-469.
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  36. Wisdom – Knowledge – Belief. The Problem of Demarcation in Plato’s “Phaedo”.Artur Pacewicz - 2013 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 8.
    The aim of the present paper is to show how Plato suggested demarcating between knowledge and other kinds of human intellectual activities. The article proposes to distinguish between two ways of such a demarcation. The first, called `the external demarcation', takes place when one differentiates between knowledge and non-knowledge, the rational and non-rational or the reasonable and non-reasonable. The second, called `internal', marks the difference within knowledge itself and could be illustrated by the difference between the so called hard and (...)
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  37. The Problem of Motion in Plato's "Phaedo".Michael M. Shaw - 2013 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2):275-300.
    This paper examines the relationship between participation and motion with respect to the natural philosophy of the "Phaedo". Aristotle’s criticism of participation and its failure to account for motion shows the relevance of the dialogue to this problem. Challenging Aristotle’s critique, I interpret the "Phaedo" as offering a possible solution to the question of how forms cause motion in material beings. The verb ὀρέγεσθαι at 65c8, 75a2, and 75b1, together with the active ὀρέγειν at 117b2, ground an account of ontological (...)
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  38. Soul, World, and Idea: An Interpretation of Plato's Republic and Phaedo.Daniel Sherman - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    The theme of Soul, World, and Idea is the meaning of immortality and eternality for Plato as seen in the Republic and Phaedo. It offers a reinterpretation of the platonic ideas and the immortality of the soul as wholly within lived experience.
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  39. Soul as Structure in Plato's Phaedo.Douglas J. Young - 2013 - Apeiron 46 (4):469 - 498.
  40. Rethinking Plato: A Cartesian Quest for the Real Plato.Necip Fikri Alican - 2012 - Amsterdam and New York: Brill | Rodopi.
    This book is a quest for the real Plato, forever hiding behind the veil of drama. The quest, as the subtitle indicates, is Cartesian in that it looks for Plato independently of the prevailing paradigms on where we are supposed to find him. The result of the quest is a complete pedagogical platform on Plato. This does not mean that the book leaves nothing out, covering all the dialogues and all the themes, but that it provides the full intellectual apparatus (...)
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  41. A Riveting Argument in Favor of Asceticism in the Phaedo.Travis Butler - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (2).
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  42. Socrates and Aesop in Plato's Phaedo.Mark L. McPherran - 2012 - Apeiron 45 (1):50-60.
  43. « The Form Of Soul In The Phaedo ».Brian Prince - 2012 - Plato 11 11.
    Although the Phaedo never mentions a Form of Soul explicitly, the dialogue implies this Form’s existence. First, a number of passages in which Socrates describes his views about Forms imply that there are very many Forms; thus, Socrates’ general description of his theory gives no ground for denying that there is a Form of Soul. Second, the final argument for immortality positively requires a Form of Soul.
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  44. Teaching Classics Through Art: Visual Arts as a Tool for Enhancing Text Comprehension and Appreciation.Jula Wildberger & Jonathan Shimony - 2012 - In Kristof Nyiri & Andras Benedek (eds.), The Iconic Turn in Education. Frankfurt et al.: Peter Lang. pp. 25-37.
    Showcases methods of visualization to support text comprehension and engagement with texts. Includes examples from teaching Plato's Phaedo.
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  45. Simmias’ Objection to Socrates in the Phaedo: Harmony, Symphony and Some Later Platonic/ Patristic Responses to the Mind/Soul-Body Question.Kevin Corrigan - 2010 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 4 (2):147-162.
    Simmias' famous epiphenomenalist analogy of the soul-body relation to the harmony and strings of a lyre leads to Socrates' initial refutation and subsequent prolonged defense of soul's immortality in the Phaedo. It also yields in late antiquity significant treatments of the harmony relation by Plotinus and Porphyry that present a larger context for viewing the nature of harmony in the soul and the psycho-somatic compound. But perhaps the most detailed treatment of the musical analogy, and certainly the most radical, is (...)
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  46. The Voice Of Authority: Divination And Plato's Phaedo.Kathryn A. Morgan - 2010 - Classical Quarterly 60 (1):63-81.
  47. In Plato's Phaedo.Vasilis Politis - 2010 - In David Charles (ed.), Definition in Greek Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 62.
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  48. Explanation and Essence in Plato's Phaedo.Vasilis Politis - 2010 - In David Charles (ed.), Definition in Greek Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 62--114.
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  49. Plato: Meno and Phaedo.David Sedley & Alex Long (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Plato's Meno and Phaedo are two of the most important works of ancient western philosophy and continue to be studied around the world. The Meno is a seminal work of epistemology. The Phaedo is a key source for Platonic metaphysics and for Plato's conception of the human soul. Together they illustrate the birth of Platonic philosophy from Plato's reflections on Socrates' life and doctrines. This edition offers new and accessible translations of both works, together with a thorough introduction that explains (...)
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  50. Pleasure in Plato's Phaedo.Kristian Urstad - 2010 - Philosophy Pathways 151.
    What is Plato's view of pleasure in his dialogue the Phaedo? He clearly (and famously) rails against bodily pleasures, seeing them as shackles of sorts which prevent the soul from attaining its proper perfection apart from the body, but does he leave room in the carnate life for some other forms of pleasure? These are some of the questions I would like to try to address in this paper. As it turns out, I argue that Plato does indeed recognize other (...)
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