Dualism

Edited by Andreas Elpidorou (University of Louisville)
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  1. Arga bilig ba makhbodyn gu̇n ukhaan.Dondogzhalyn Mȯnkh-Ochir - 2003 - Ulaanbaatar Khot: Urlakh Ėrdėm Khėvlėliĭn Gazar. Edited by Lodongiĭn Tu̇dėv.
    Theory of dualism and individualism in Mongolian philosophy.
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  2. The Many-Subjects Argument against Physicalism.Brian Cutter - forthcoming - In Geoffrey Lee & Adam Pautz (eds.), The Importance of Being Conscious. Oxford University Press.
    The gist of the many-subjects argument is that, given physicalism, it’s hard to avoid the absurd result that there are many conscious subjects in your vicinity with more-or-less the same experiences as you. The most promising ways of avoiding this result have a consequence almost as bad: that there are many things in your vicinity that are in a state only trivially different from being conscious, a state with similar normative significance. This paper clarifies and defends three versions of the (...)
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  3. Personal ontology: mystery and its consequences.Andrew Brenner - forthcoming - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    What are we? Are we, for example, souls, organisms, brains, or something else? In this book, Andrew Brenner argues that there are principled obstacles to our discovering the answer to this fundamental metaphysical question. The main competing accounts of personal ontology hold that we are either souls (or composites of soul and body), or we are composite physical objects of some sort, but, as Brenner shows, arguments for either of these options can be parodied and transformed into their opposites. Brenner (...)
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  4. Coherence of Substance Dualism.Seyyed Jaaber Mousavirad - 2023 - International Philosophical Quarterly 63 (1):33-42.
    Many contemporary philosophers of mind disagree with substance dualism, saying that despite the failure of physical theories of mind, substance dualism cannot be advocated, because it faces more serious problems than physical theories, lacking compatibility with philosophical arguments and scientific evidence. Regardless of the validity of the arguments in support of substance dualism, it is demonstrated in this article that this theory is coherent, with no philosophical or scientific problems. The main arguments of opponents of substance dualism are explained and (...)
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  5. On a body-switching argument in defence of the immateriality of human nature.Pirooz Fatoorchi - forthcoming - Theoria:1-13.
    In an earlier paper in Theoria, I discussed an argument based on the idea of “soul-switching” that attempted to undermine the immaterialist account of human beings. The present paper deals with a parity argument against that argument in which the idea of “body-switching” plays a pivotal role. I call these two arguments, that have been reported by Razi (d. 1210), respectively “the soul-switching argument” and “the body-switching argument”. After some introductory remarks, section 2 of the paper describes the structure of (...)
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  6. The Grounding Problem.Ilexa Yardley - 2023 - Dallas, TX: Intelligent Design Center, Inc..
    The ‘genesis’ of ‘information’ (conservation of an uber-simple circle) solves the ‘universal’ grounding problem. Addressing all of the so-called ‘issues’ in post-humanism and post-structuralism (trans-humanism). Integrating all disciplines (and sub-disciplines) (including but not limited to): philosophy, physics, and psychology; biology and technology; economics, finance, and history. Providing a roadmap for humans who must ‘sort out’ how to live (peacefully) (or ‘not’) (with)in a technological ‘reality’ (the ‘singularity’).
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  7. Једно и мноштво у Платоновој психологији.Александар Ристески - 2020 - In Оливера Марковић Савић & Неџиб Прашевић (eds.), Наука без граница III, 5, Друштво у огледалу науке. pp. 155–170.
    In this paper the author will assess Plato’s tripartite psychology in the light of his metaphysical account of μέγιστα γένη and One and Many, in order to further clarify the structure of his “dualism”. By doing so, the author will try to show that the tripartition is not a metaphysical conundrum of Plato’s thought and that it cannot be read in the light of Cartesian substance dualism, which is a noticeable approach in contemporary discussions. Aside of that, Plato and Descartes (...)
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  8. Reading Descartes. Consciousness, Body, and Reasoning.Andrea Strazzoni & Marco Sgarbi (eds.) - 2023 - Florence: Firenze University Press.
    This volume takes cue from the idea that the thought of no philosopher can be understood without considering it as the result of a constant, lively dialogue with other thinkers, both in its internal evolution as well as in its reception, re-use, and assumption as a starting point in addressing past and present philosophical problems. In doing so, it focuses on a feature that is crucially emerging in the historiography of early modern philosophy and science, namely the complexity in the (...)
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  9. Do Androids Dream of Electric Crimes?Ricardo Tavares da Silva - 2023 - Anatomia Do Crime 17:95-106.
    The title of the paper is an allusion to Philip K. Dick’s book Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (which inspired the movie Blade Runner) and aims, at once, to highlight the (possible) relation between Criminal Law and Artificial Intelligence in its two dimensions of criminal protection (hence the reference to ‘electric crimes’) and criminal liability (hence the reference to the androids’ dreams), within the background problem of knowing whether Artificial Intelligence is truly mind. The purpose of this paper is, (...)
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  10. Sentience and the Origins of Consciousness: From Cartesian Duality to Markovian Monism.Karl Friston, Wanja Wiese & J. Allan Hobson - 2020 - Entropy 22 (5):516.
    This essay addresses Cartesian duality and how its implicit dialectic might be repaired using physics and information theory. Our agenda is to describe a key distinction in the physical sciences that may provide a foundation for the distinction between mind and matter, and between sentient and intentional systems. From this perspective, it becomes tenable to talk about the physics of sentience and ‘forces’ that underwrite our beliefs (in the sense of probability distributions represented by our internal states), which may ground (...)
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  11. Der dualismus im modernen weltbild.Alfred Vierkandt - 1923 - Berlin,: Pan-verlag.
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  12. Il dualismo filosofico..Emilia Nobile - 1935 - Napoli,: Riano.
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  13. Il dualismo filosofico e l'umana educabilità.Emilia Nobile - 1939 - Napoli,: L. Loffredo.
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  14. The first-personal argument against physicalism.Christian List - manuscript
    The aim of this paper is to discuss a seemingly straightforward argument against physicalism which, despite being implicit in much of the philosophical debate about consciousness, has not received the attention it deserves (compared to other, better-known “epistemic”, “modal”, and “conceivability” arguments). This is the argument from the non-supervenience of the first-personal (and indexical) facts on the third-personal (and non-indexical) ones. This non-supervenience, together with the assumption that the physical facts (as conventionally understood) are third-personal, entails that some facts – (...)
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  15. La Pensée binaire: jalons pour une logique du devenir.Etienne Got - 1973 - Paris,: la Pensée universelle.
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  16. A Map of Selves: Beyond Philosophy of Mind. [REVIEW]T. Parent - 2023 - Philosophical Quarterly 73 (3):887-889.
    In many respects, N.M.L. Nathan's latest book feels timeless. Its brevity and pithiness especially remind one of Descartes’ Meditations; it even has similar ove.
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  17. Il dualismo da Cartesio a Leibniz: Cartesio, Cordemoy, La Forge, Malebranche, Leibniz.Salvatore Nicolosi - 1987 - Venezia: Marsilio.
  18. Le Problème de l'âme et du dualisme.Jean-Louis Vieillard-Baron (ed.) - 1991 - Paris: J. Vrin.
    "Textes... prononces dans le cadre d'un colloque organise conjointement par le Departement de philosophie de l'Universite de Tours et par l'Association des Amis du Musee Descartes... octobre 1989"--Avant-propos.
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  19. Mente e corpo: studi su Cartesio e Spinoza.Cristina Santinelli - 2000 - Urbino: Quattro venti.
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  20. Das Jenseits der Philosophie. Wider das dualistische Erkenntnisprinzip.Josef Mitterer - 2000 - Wien: Passagen Verlag. Edited by Peter Engelmann.
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  21. Modern rasyonalizm ve zihin–beden problemi.Mustafa Efe Ateş - 2023 - Felsefelogos 80:153-172.
    Zihin–beden problemi felsefenin en köklü ve temel problemlerinden biridir. Köklü geçmişine rağmen probleme getirilen yanıtlar hususunda felsefe literatüründe bütünüyle bir uzlaşımın olmadığını söylemek ise pekâlâ mümkündür. Zihin–beden problemi en basit haliyle şöyle ifade edilebilir: Birbirinden her özelliği ile ayrılan zihin ve beden birbirlerini etkiler mi ve eğer etkiler ise bu etkileşim nasıl olmaktadır? Neredeyse her felsefi mesele gibi, zihin–beden probleminin geçmişi de Antik Grek felsefesine kadar götürülebilir. Ancak söz konusu problem ile ilgili yapılmış detaylı çalışmalar ilk olarak rasyonalist filozoflar tarafından (...)
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  22. Kriticheskiĭ ocherk psikhofizicheskogo dualizma: monografii︠a︡.I︠U︡. M. Serdi︠u︡kov - 2003 - Khabarovsk: Dalʹnevostochnyĭ gos. universitet puteĭ soobshchenii︠a︡.
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  23. The AI Ensoulment Hypothesis.Brian Cutter - forthcoming - Faith and Philosophy.
    According to the AI ensoulment hypothesis, some future AI systems will be endowed with immaterial souls. I argue that we should have at least a middling credence in the AI ensoulment hypothesis, conditional on our eventual creation of AGI and the truth of substance dualism in the human case. I offer two arguments. The first relies on an analogy between aliens and AI. The second rests on the conjecture that ensoulment occurs whenever a physical system is “fit to possess” a (...)
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  24. Scorpio in the Twelfth House.Ilexa Yardley - 2020 - Https://Medium.Com/the-Circular-Theory.
    How death and dreams (our supra-conscious ‘reality’) explain(s) ontology and epistemology (object-oriented reality) (physical reality) (relative identity) (relative reality) (consciousness) (everything in philosophy) (physics) (biology).
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  25. An argument for great philosophical questions.Hamdoon A. Khan - manuscript
    There are many philosophical issues that have been discussed for more than two thousand years. And consequently, we have dozens of philosophical schools. In this paper, I would propose a new argument by considering all the unspecific arguments for the existence of the soul together for example, as a single argument for its existence. Doing so would close the door to the continuation of most of those schools.
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  26. Edenic Idealism.Robert Smithson - 2023 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 101 (1):16-33.
    ABSTRACT According to edenic idealism, our ordinary object terms refer to items in the manifest world—the world of primitive objects and properties presented in experience. I motivate edenic idealism as a response to scenarios where it is difficult to match the objects in experience with corresponding items in the external world. I argue that edenic idealism has important semantic advantages over realism: it is the most intuitive view of what we are actually talking about when we use terms for objects.
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  27. The Timing Problem for Dualist Accounts of Mental Causation.Ben White - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-20.
    Setting aside all exclusion-style worries about the redundancy of postulating additional, non-physical mental causes for effects that can already be explained in purely physical terms, dualists who treat mental properties as supervening on physical properties still face a further problem: in cases of mental-to-mental causation, they cannot avoid positing an implausibly coincidental coordination in the timing of the distinct causal processes terminating, respectively, in the mental effect and its physical base. I argue that this problem arises regardless of whether one (...)
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  28. Troeltsch: il compromesso della fede.Siclari Alberto - 2014 - In Stefano Caroti & Alberto Siclari (eds.), Filosofia e religione. Studi in onore di Fabio Rossi. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 357-392.
    The difficulties that Troeltsch faced in his intellectual endeavors derive from the ultimate dualism characterizing, in his perspective, the existence of man: namely a dualism between the historicity of his existence and the need of an ultimate meaning – and of the unity of such a meaning with life itself. According to Troeltsch, dualism is articulated on different levels, for the reason that the historical dimension of man is composed by different and often contrasting elements. Man, indeed, must satisfy immediate (...)
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  29. Régis’ Interpretation of the Nature of God and his Refutation de l’opinion de Spinoza.Nausicaa Elena Milani - 2014 - In Stefano Caroti & Alberto Siclari (eds.), Filosofia e religione. Studi in onore di Fabio Rossi. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 188-235.
    L’usage de la raison et de la foy ou l’accord de la foy et de la raison (1704) by Pierre-Sylvain Régis can be considered his last attempt to defend the ‘new philosophy’ of René Descartes by vindicating its agreement with faith and protecting it from censorship. This contribution offers an analysis of the theories expounded by Régis in this treatise, showing how these evolved from those of his earlier Système de philosophie (1690), and arguing that both are characterized by a (...)
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  30. Dang dai xi fang xin ling zhe xue zhong de er yuan lun yan jiu.Shengfeng Wu - 2013 - Beijing: Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she.
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  31. Apologia del dualismo: un'indagine sul pensiero occidentale.Simona Chiodo - 2013 - Roma: Carocci.
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  32. Dualnyĭ i︠u︡nionizm kak megaparadigma filosofii =.Felikʻs Karapetyan - 2016 - Erevan: Avtorskoe izdanie.
    This monograph by Prof. Karapetyan is an ambitious effort aiming at discovery of the concept of dual unionism as a universal element of the material world, human spirituality and philosophical consciousness, and therefore, of the mega-paradigmal principle of philosophy.
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  33. La division ontologique: et le destin du dualisme.Jean-Louis Chédin - 2016 - Paris: Hermann.
    La dualité.objectif-subjectif constitue pour le dualisme une structure a priori par essence : ceci se vérifie aussi bien avec le couple contemporain de l'en-soi et du pour-soi qu'avec, sur une autre base, le couple cartésien de la chose étendue et de la chose pensante. Dans le champ théorique actuel règne, de facto, un double monisme juxtaposé qui se partage entre le réductionnisme phénoménologique et celui du néomatérialisme, aussi systématiques l'un que l'autre. Aussi la difficulté générale inhérente au dualisme, loin de (...)
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  34. Lob der Zweiheit: ein philosophisches Wagnis.Rainer Marten - 2017 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
    Von Heraklit und Parmenides, Platon und Aristoteles bis zu Kant und dem Deutschen Idealismus und daruber hinaus bis heute hat die Philosophie sich als filosofia a solo, nicht aber als filosofia in compagnia verstanden. Der Einzelne steht vor ihr, zu dem kein Zweiter und Dritter tritt. Der auf ihn gerichtete Blick ist ein denkender und zugunsten des Denkens wertender. Weil die Philosophie es am liebsten mit der reinen Geistigkeit halt, gilt ihr Vernunft als selbstgenugsam: Sie hat hinreichend mit sich selbst (...)
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  35. Kentavr: ėsse o dualizme bytii︠a︡ cheloveka.Mikhail Alekseevich Malyshev - 2017 - Ekaterinburg: Institut filosofii i prava UrO RAN. Edited by V. N. Rudenko.
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  36. Bit in njen dvojnik.Mladen Dolar - 2017 - Ljubljana: Društvo za teoretsko psihoanalizo.
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  37. Nicht-Dualität: Dogen Zenji trifft Michel Henry: das absolute Idem des Zen: eine Über-setzung unter dem Blickwinkel der radikalen Lebensphänomenologie.Ellen Wilmes - 2018 - Nordhausen: Verlag Traugott Bautz.
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  38. Do we exist? Mereological nihilism, collective thinking and dualism.Alfredo Tomasetta - 2019 - In Richard Davies (ed.), Natural and Artifactual Objects in Contemporary Metaphysics: Exercises in Analytic Ontology. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  39. Circumnavigating the causal pairing problem with hylomorphism and the integrated information theory of consciousness.Matthew Owen - 2021 - Synthese (S11):2829-2851.
    The causal pairing problem allegedly renders nonphysical minds causally impotent. This article demonstrates how a dualist view I call neo-Thomistic hylomorphism can circumnavigate the causal pairing problem. After explicating the problem and hylomorphism, I provide an account of causal pairing that appeals to a foundational tenet of hylomorphism. Subsequently, I suggest that a prominent view of consciousness in theoretical neuroscience—the integrated information theory—can learn from hylomorphism and likewise account for causal pairing.
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  40. Multi-Channel Mathematics.Ilexa Yardley - 2022 - Https://Medium.Com/the-Circular-Theory.
  41. Stairway to Heaven.Ilexa Yardley - 2021 - Https://Medium.Com/the-Circular-Theory/.
    The metaphor proves reality, and observation, all of it (the human mind) (and, therefore, a universal mind), is unified, made possible, and controlled, by the conservation of a circle. Metaphorically 'speaking'…pi in mathematics is the technical term for the word 'mind' (any context): the stairway to heaven (and-or hell)… (See, Also: Magical Thinking).
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  42. Solving the Mind-Body Problem.Ilexa Yardley - 2016 - Https://Medium.Com/The-Circular-Theory.
  43. Philosophy of Mind: The Basics.Amy Kind - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Philosophy of Mind: The Basics is a concise and engaging introduction to the fundamental philosophical questions and theories about the mind. The author Amy Kind, a leading expert in the field, examines central issues concerning the nature of consciousness, thought, and emotion. The book addresses key questions such as: • What is the nature of the mind? • What is the relationship between the mind and the brain? • Can machines have minds? • How will future technology impact the mind? (...)
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  44. Man-Made Systems vs. Mind-Made Systems.Ilexa Yardley - 2022 - Https://Medium.Com/the-Circular-Theory.
    Mind does not operate using sequence (also known, to ‘man,’ as ‘time’). Think: philosophical, and physical, fusion.
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  45. The Inconceivability Argument.Brian Cutter - 2022 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 9.
    This paper develops and defends a new argument against physicalist views of consciousness: the inconceivability argument. The argument has two main premises. First, it is not (ideally, positively) conceivable that phenomenal truths are grounded in physical truths. (For example, one cannot positively conceive of a situation in which someone has a vivid experience of pink wholly in virtue of the movements of colorless, insentient atoms.) Second, (ideal, positive) inconceivability is a guide to falsity. I attempt to show that the inconceivability (...)
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  46. Filozofija uma: pregled suvremenih rasprava o umu i tijelu (Eng. Philosophy of mind: a survey of contemporary debates on the mind-body problem).Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2022 - Rijeka: University of Rijeka, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    The book provides an overview of the contemporary discussion of the mind-body problem. This discussion takes its modern form during the 17th century in the works of René Descartes. The book covers the most important points of view in modern philosophy of mind. An important thesis of the book is that contemporary debates are still heavily influenced by Descartes’ arguments, especially those related to the nature of consciousness. (Google translate).
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  47. Review of Lilli Alanen, Descartes’s Concept of Mind. [REVIEW]Sean Crawford - 2004 - Metapsychology Online Reviews 8.
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  48. Soul‐Switching and the Immateriality of Human Nature: On an Argument Reported by Razi.Pirooz Fatoorchi - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1067-1082.
    This article deals with an argument reported by Razi (d. 1210) that attempted to undermine the immaterialist position about human nature. After some introductory remarks and explanation of the conceptual background, the article analyses the structure of the argument, with special attention to the idea of soul-switching.’ Some comparisons are made between the argument reported by Razi and a number of arguments from modern and contemporary eras of philosophy. One section is devoted to the critique of the argument and its (...)
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  49. Methodological dualism considered as a heuristic paradigm for clinical psychiatry.Tuomas K. Pernu - forthcoming - BJPsych Advances.
    Debates on dualism continue to plague psychiatry. I suggest that these debates are based on false dichotomies. According to metaphysical physicalism, reality is ultimately physical. Although this view excludes the idea of entities distinct from physical reality, it does not compel us to favour neural over psychological interventions. According to methodological dualism, both physical and mental interventions on the world can be deemed effective, and both perspectives can therefore be thought to be equally ‘real’.
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  50. The Moral Parody Argument Against Panpsychism.Zach Blaesi - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (1):1821–1852.
    I exploit parallel considerations in the philosophy of mind and metaethics to argue that the reasoning employed in an important argument for panpsychism overgeneralizes to support an analogous position in metaethics: panmoralism. Next, I raise a number of problems for panmoralism and thereby build a case for taking the metaethical parallel to be a reductio ad absurdum of the argument for panpsychism. Finally, I contrast panmoralism with a position recently defended by Einar Duenger Bohn and argue that the two suffer (...)
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