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  1. Plato on Sunaitia.Douglas R. Campbell - 2023 - Apeiron 56 (4):739-768.
    I argue that Plato thinks that a sunaition is a mere tool used by a soul (or by the cosmic nous) to promote an intended outcome. In the first section, I develop the connection between sunaitia and Plato’s teleology. In the second section, I argue that sunaitia belong to Plato’s theory of the soul as a self-mover: specifically, they are those things that are set in motion by the soul in the service of some goal. I also argue against several (...)
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  2. Explanation in the Phaedo: An Argument Against the Metaphysical Interpretation of the Clever Αἰτία.Elizabeth Jelinek - 2023 - In Studies in Ancient Greek Philosophy In Honor of Professor Anthony Preus. Routledge. pp. 162-179.
    At Phaedo 105c, Socrates introduces a type of explanation (αἰτία) he describes as “clever.” Rather than explaining a body’s hotness in terms of the body’s participation in the Form Hot, for example, the clever αἰτία attributes a body’s hotness to the presence of fire in the body. Traditional interpretations argue that the clever αἰτία accounts for the interaction between fire and the body in terms of logical entailment relationships among the Forms. On this view, fire makes bodies hot because fire (...)
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  3. Perfect Change in Plato's Sophist.Tushar Irani - 2022 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 60:45-93.
    This paper examines how Plato’s rejection of the friends of the forms at 248a–249b in the Sophist is continuous with the arguments that he develops shortly after this part of the dialogue for the interrelatedness of the forms. I claim that the interrelatedness of the forms implies that they are changed, and that this explains Plato’s rejection of the friends of the forms. Much here turns on the kind of change that Plato wants to attribute to the forms. I distinguish (...)
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  4. Two Theories of Change in Plato’s Timaeus.Takeshi Nakamura - 2022 - Ancient Philosophy Today 4 (1):4-29.
    In Plato’s Timaeus, two different theories – the Receptacle theory and the geometrical particle theory – are presented to explain change in the natural world. In this paper, I argue that there is tension between the two theories. After examining several possible solutions for this tension, I conclude that Plato does not present it as something ready to be solved within the dialogue but, rather, as something to be understood in a way that maintains both theories. Finally, I also argue (...)
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  5. The Myth of Cronus in Plato’s Statesman: Cosmic Rotation and Earthly Correspondence.Corinne Gartner & Claudia Yau - 2020 - Apeiron 53 (4):437-462.
    The cosmological myth in Plato’s Statesman has generated several longstanding scholarly disputes, among them a controversy concerning the number and nature of the cosmic rotation cycles that it depicts. According to the standard interpretation, there are two cycles of rotation: west-to-east rotation occurs during the age of Cronus, and east-to-west rotation occurs during the age of Zeus, which is also our present era. Recent readings have challenged this two-cycle interpretation, arguing that the period of rotation opposed to our own is (...)
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  6. Opposites and Plato's Principle of Change in the Phaedo Cyclical Argument.Gale Justin - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (3):423-448.
    In discussing Socrates's argument for Plato's principle of change in the Phaedo, Syrianus asks, To what kind of opposites is Socrates referring? I offer a new answer to Syrianus's question. I start from David Sedley's view that the opposites in question are converse contraries, which behave as converses in comparative contexts. I show that the quantitative pairs that Socrates cites fit Sedley's view because they are implicit comparatives. Nonetheless, I argue that Socrates's evaluative pairs are better understood as asymmetrical opposites (...)
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  7. Cosmos in the Ancient World.Phillip Sidney Horky (ed.) - 2019 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    How did the ancient Greeks and Romans conceptualise order? This book answers that question by analysing the formative concept of kosmos in ancient literature, philosophy, science, art, and religion. This concept encouraged the Greeks and Romans to develop theories to explain core aspects of human life, including nature, beauty, society, politics, the individual, and what lies beyond human experience. Hence, Greek kosmos, and its Latin correlate mundus, are subjects of profound reflection by a wide range of important ancient figures, including (...)
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  8. On Plato's Conception of Change.Francesco Ademollo - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 55:35-83.
    In this paper I argue that in several passages Plato sympathizes with the following view: sensible particulars undergo continuous, pervasive physical change; as a consequence, where there seems to be one and the same object which is identical through time, there is in fact a succession of impermanent objects numerically distinct from each other but similar to each other. I illustrate the difference between this view—which invites interesting comparisons with modern and contemporary theories—and other, superficially similar views which Plato criticizes. (...)
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  9. The Argument against the Friends of the Forms Revisited: Sophist 248a4–249d5.Michael Wiitala - 2018 - Apeiron 51 (2):171-200.
    There are only two places in which Plato explicitly offers a critique of the sort of theory of forms presented in the Phaedo and Republic: at the beginning of the Parmenides and in the argument against the Friends of the Forms in the Sophist. An accurate account of the argument against the Friends, therefore, is crucial to a proper understanding of Plato’s metaphysics. How the argument against the Friends ought to be construed and what it aims to accomplish, however, are (...)
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  10. The Emerging Good in Plato's Philebus.John V. Garner - 2017 - Evanston, IL, USA: Northwestern University Press.
    This study examines Plato's dialogue on the good life and argues, most centrally, that the "pleasures of learning" exemplify, for Socrates, the possibility of good becoming or change.
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  11. The Ontology of the Secret Doctrine in Plato’s Theaetetus.Christopher Buckels - 2016 - Phronesis 61 (3):243-259.
    The paper offers an interpretation of a disputed portion of Plato’s Theaetetus that is often called the Secret Doctrine. It is presented as a process ontology that takes two types of processes, swift and slow motions, as fundamental building blocks for ordinary material objects. Slow motions are powers which, when realized, generate swift motions, which, in turn, are subjectively bundled to compose sensible objects and perceivers. Although the reading of the Secret Doctrine offered here—a new version of the “Causal Theory (...)
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  12. Motion and Rest as Genuinely Greatest Kinds in the Sophist.Christopher Buckels - 2015 - Ancient Philosophy 35 (2):317-327.
    The paper argues that Motion and Rest are “greatest kinds” and not just convenient examples, since they are all-pervading. Thus Motion and Rest can be jointly predicated of a single subject and can be predicated of each other, just as Sameness and Otherness can. While Sameness and Otherness are opposites, a single subject may be the same in one respect, namely, the same as itself, and other in another respect, namely, other than other things. Thus they can be predicated of (...)
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  13. Aristote, critique de Platon sur les causes.Karel Thein - 2014 - Chôra 12:15-46.
    The paper reconsiders Aristotle’s criticism of Platonic forms as causes together with its wider implications for the differences but also similiarities between the two philosophers. Analyzing the relevant texts of Metaphysics A 9 and Generation and Corruption II, 9, where Aristotle addresses the hypothesis of forms as put forward in the Phaedo, it discusses two interpretative options : that Aristotle takes these forms for an imperfect anticipation of formal causes, and that he sees them as an aborted attempt at grasping (...)
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  14. The Paradox of Change in Plato's Theaetetus. Part II. Intricacies of Syntax and Meaning (154e7-155c7).Denis O'Brien - 2013 - Elenchos 34 (2):259-298.
    Plato's paradox of relative change in size and number (154e7-155c7) cannot be understood unless the text is emended (see Part i of this article) and unless full weight is given to shifts of mood and tense and to the play of particles. The critical reader will also need to adapt to a non-Fregean concept of equality and to a definition of change different from Geach's definition of "Cambridge change''. Only so will the structure of the paradox explain young Theaetetus' bewilderment, (...)
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  15. The Paradox of Change in Plato's Theaetetus. Part I. An Emendation of the Text (155b1-2) and the Origin of Error.Denis O'Brien - 2013 - Elenchos 34 (1):33-58.
    The text of Theaetetus 155b1-2 as recorded in the manuscripts and printed in current editions of the dialogue is marked by a syntactical anomaly (ἀλλά postpositum) and a logical non sequitur (arbitrary transition from a copulative to an existential use of εἷναι and vice versa). Attempts at emendation by Proclus, Stephanus and Campbell have all been unsuccessful. To find the way back to Plato's original text, the reader will have to fight his way through a logical tangle (the result of (...)
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  16. Physical Change in Plato's Timaeus.Brian D. Prince - 2013 - Apeiron 47 (2):211-229.
    In this paper I ask how Timaeus explains change within the trianglebased part of his cosmos. Two common views are that change among physical items is somehow caused or enabled by either the forms or the demiurge. I argue for a competing view, on which the physical items are capable of bringing about change by themselves, prior to the intervention of the demiurge, and prior to their being turned into imitations of the forms. I outline three problems for the view (...)
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  17. Plato and Peirce on Likeness and Semblance.Han-Liang Chang - 2012 - Biosemiotics 5 (3):301-312.
    In his well-known essay, ‘What Is a Sign?’ (CP 2.281, 285) Peirce uses ‘likeness’ and ‘resemblance’ interchangeably in his definition of icon. The synonymity of the two words has rarely, if ever, been questioned. Curiously, a locus classicus of the pair, at least in F. M. Cornford’s English translation, can be found in a late dialogue of Plato, namely, the Sophist. In this dialogue on the myth and truth of the sophists’ profession, the mysterious ‘stranger’, who is most likely Socrates’ (...)
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  18. Restless Forms and Changeless Causes.Fiona Leigh - 2012 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 112 (2pt2):239-261.
    It is widely held that in Plato's Sophist, Forms rest or change or both. The received opinion is, however, false—or so I will argue. There is no direct support for it in the text and several passages tell against it. I will further argue that, contrary to the view of some scholars, Plato did not in this dialogue advocate a kind of change recognizable as 'Cambridge change', as applicable to his Forms. The reason that Forms neither change nor rest is (...)
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  19. Method and metaphysics: essays in ancient philosophy I.Jonathan Barnes - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Maddalena Bonelli.
    Ancient philosophers -- The history of philosophy -- Philosophy within quotation marks? -- Anglophone attitudes -- Brentano's Aristotle -- Heidegger in the cave -- 'There was an old person from Tyre' -- The Presocratics in context -- Argument in ancient philosophy -- Philosophy and dialectic -- Aristotle and the methods of ethics -- Metacommentary -- An introduction to Aspasius -- Parmenides and the Eleatic One -- Reason and necessity in Leucippus -- Plato's cyclical argument -- Death and the philosopher -- (...)
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  20. Nature and Divinity in Plato's Timaeus.Sarah Broadie - 2011 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Plato's Timaeus is one of the most influential and challenging works of ancient philosophy to have come down to us. Sarah Broadie's rich and compelling study proposes new interpretations of major elements of the Timaeus, including the separate Demiurge, the cosmic 'beginning', the 'second mixing', the Receptacle and the Atlantis story. Broadie shows how Plato deploys the mythic themes of the Timaeus to convey fundamental philosophical insights and examines the profoundly differing methods of interpretation which have been brought to bear (...)
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  21. A time for learning and for counting – Egyptians, Greeks and empirical processes in Plato’s Timaeus.Barbara M. Sattler - 2010 - In Richard Mohr & Barbara M. Sattler (eds.), One Book, the Whole Universe: Plato’s Timaeus Today. Parmenides Press. pp. 249-266.
    This paper argues that processes in the sensible realm can be in accord with reason in the Timaeus, since rationality is understood here as being based on regularity, which is conferred onto processes by time. Plato uses two different temporal structures in the Timaeus, associated with the contrast there drawn between Greek and Egyptian approaches to history. The linear order of before and after marks natural processes as rational and underlies the Greek treatment of history. By contrast, a bidirectional temporal (...)
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  22. Cyclic Proofs in Argumentation. The Case of Excluding Boris Pasternak from the Assoication of Writers in the USSR.Mary Dziśko & Andrew Schumann - 2009 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 16 (29).
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  23. Cyclic vs. Circular Argumentation in the Conceptual Metaphor Theory.András Kertész & Csilla Rákosi - 2009 - Cognitive Linguistics 20 (4):703-732.
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  24. The Cyclical Argument and Principles of Change in Plato's Phaedo.Byeong-Uk Yi - 2009 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 12:85-102.
  25. The Cyclical Argument and Principles of Change in Plato’s Phaedo.Byeong-Uk Yi - 2009 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 12 (1):85-102.
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  26. The Cyclical Argument as Plato's Summoner.Miriam Byrd - 2008 - In Platonism, Neoplatonism, and American Thought. New Orleans, LA, USA: University Press of the South. pp. 17-29.
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  27. Heraclitean flux and unity of opposites in Plato's theaetetus and cratylus.Matthew Colvin - 2007 - Classical Quarterly 57 (2):759-769.
    Heraclitean flux plays a large role in Plato 's « Theaetetus » and « Cratylus ». Yet Heraclitus himself did not hold the same conception of flux. The question of how the two thinkers differ, and why Plato treats Heraclitus as he does, is significant because the notion of flux has figured in subsequent philosophical conceptions of the persistence of identity through change. Comparison of Heraclitus, frr. B 12 and B 125 DK reveals that flux is not motion simply, but (...)
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  28. À quelles conditions peut-on parler de « matière » dans le Timée de Platon ?Luc Brisson - 2003 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 1 (1):5-21.
    Dans le Timée, l'hypothèse de la khó̱ra, qu'il faut se garder d'identifier avec la húle̱ aristotélicienne, permet de rendre compte du fait que les choses sensibles sont radicalement différentes de leur modèle intelligible. Or, la constitution mathématique des éléments à partir de la khó̱ra mène à la contradiction suivante : dans l'univers platonicien, il faut tenir compte à la fois du continu qui doit caractériser la khó̱ra, et du discontinu qu'instaurent inéluctablement les polyèdres réguliers auxquels sont associés les éléments. La (...)
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  29. Why should we prefer Plato's Timaeus to Aristotle's Physics? Proclus' critique of Aristotle's explanation of the physical world.Carlos Steel - 2003 - Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 78:175-187.
  30. Form and Flux in the Theaetetus_ and _Timaeus.David P. Hunt - 2002 - In Plato's Forms: Varieties of Interpretation. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. pp. 151-167.
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  31. Dialectic in Plato's "Phaedo".Miriam Newton Byrd - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Georgia
    In this dissertation I propose a new method of interpreting Plato's Phaedo based upon Socrates' description of the "summoner" at Republic 522e--525a. I elucidate the summoner paradigm as a four step process in which one notices an apparent contradiction in perception, separates two opposites from one mixed perception, realizes the priority of the opposites, and recognizes their transcendence. In the Republic , its primary purpose is to move the subject from pistis to dianoia and from dianoia to nous. The summoner (...)
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  32. Plato's Individuals. By Mary Margaret McCabe. [REVIEW]Scott Berman - 1996 - Modern Schoolman 73 (4):356-359.
  33. Plato’s Cyclical Argument for the Immortality of the Soul.Anna Greco - 1996 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 78 (3):225-252.
  34. Plato’s Theory of Change.Joseph Osei - 1994 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):39-48.
    Abstract ‘PLATO’S THEORY OF CHANGE: A POPPERIAN RECONSTRUCTION AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR TRADITIONAL AND EMERGING DEMOCRACIES,’ The International Journal of Applied Philosophy, Vol 8 Winter/Spring 1994, No.2. -/- This paper argues that in the midst of the unprecedented actual and potential socio-political and economic changes and transformations in our world toward the end of the 20th Century, the need for some philosophical grounding and guidance has become an imperative if only to avoid a global disaster or change for its own (...)
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  35. Plato’s Theory of Change.Joseph Osei - 1994 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):39-48.
    In response to the rapid and global socio-economic and political transformations within traditional and emerging democracies toward the end of the 20th Century and the beginning of the 21st Century, the need for a credible philosophical theory providing some explanatory wisdom and guidance to avoid descent into chaos, this paper argues, has become an imperative. This paper examines the plausibility of utilizing Plato's Theory of Change for the purpose, and identifies with Karl Popper's criticism of the theory for its inherent (...)
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  36. Heracleitean Flux in Plato's "Theaetetus".Naomi Reshotko - 1994 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 11 (2):139 - 161.
  37. Forms and Causes in Plato's Phaedo.Christopher Byrne - 1989 - Dionysius 13:3-15.
    Gregory Vlastos has argued that Aristotle and other commentators on the Phaedo have mistakenly interpreted Plato’s Forms to be efficient causes. While Vlastos is correct that the Forms by themselves are not efficient causes, because of his neo-Kantianism he has misunderstood the close connection between the Forms and the explanation of change, including teleological change. This paper explores the connection in Plato’s Phaedo between the Forms, the nature of change, and efficient causality, and argues that Aristotle’s remarks are not as (...)
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  38. Matter and Flux in Plato's Timaeus.Mary Louise Gill - 1987 - Phronesis 32 (1):34-53.
  39. Plato on the Unknowability of the Sensible World.Richard J. Ketchum - 1987 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 4 (3):291 - 305.
  40. Unity and Development in Plato's Metaphysics.William Prior - 1985 - Routledge.
    Studies of Plato’s metaphysics have tended to emphasise either the radical change between the early Theory of Forms and the late doctrines of the Timaeus and the Sophist, or to insist on a unity of approach that is unchanged throughout Plato’s career. The author lays out an alternative approach. Focussing on two metaphysical doctrines of central importance to Plato’s thought – the Theory of Forms and the doctrine of Being and Becoming – he suggests a continuous progress can be traced (...)
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  41. Plato's Theory of Stuffs.Nicholas Denyer - 1983 - Philosophy 58 (225):315 - 327.
    The theory of forms makes a very poor theory of universals. It-or at least the "phaedo's" version of it-makes excellent sense as a theory of the elemental stuffs from which everything is made. This is shown by a detailed examination of all that this "phaedo" has to say about forms.
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  42. Plato's 'Cyclical Argument' Recycled.David Gallop - 1982 - Phronesis 27 (3):207 - 222.
  43. Plato's 'Cyclical Argument' Recycled1.David Gallop - 1982 - Phronesis 27 (3):207-222.
  44. Plato on Change and Time in the Parmenides.David Bostock - 1978 - Phronesis 23 (3):229 - 242.
  45. Plato on Change and Time in the" Parmenides".David Bostock - 1978 - Phronesis 23 (3):229-242.
  46. Plato’s Distinction Between Being and Becoming.Robert Bolton - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (1):66 - 95.
    There are three main views of the development of Plato’s distinction between being and becoming which have been defended in recent times. Most scholars have thought that Plato always held the same version of the distinction despite appearances to the contrary. But some who have taken this position have thought that Plato took the realm of being to consist of things which never change in any way, and the realm of becoming to consist of things which are never stable in (...)
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  47. Aristotle's Analysis of Change and Plato's Theory of Transcendent Ideas.Chung-Hwan Chen - 1975 - Phronesis 20 (2):129-145.
  48. A Note on Plato's “Cyclical Argument” in the Phaedo.Julian Wolfe - 1966 - Dialogue 5 (2):237-238.
    The so-called ‘cyclical argument’ for immortality in the Phaedo represents an endeavour to give philosophical respectability to the ancient religious doctrine of the cycle or wheel of rebirth. According to this, the soul is reincarnated after the death of its body and a short period in the ‘other world’ in a purely disembodied state. Socrates sets himself the task of proving that a soul animating a new body must previously have animated another body whose death antedates the life of the (...)
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  49. Rest and Motion in the Sophist.Fred R. Berger - 1965 - Phronesis 10 (1):70-77.
  50. Change and Continuity in Plato's Thought.A. Boyce Gibson - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (2):237 - 255.
    There are two mutually indispensable ways of doing it. The first is to study the development of Plato's literary style. The second is to follow the sequence of his thought from one dialogue to another. Neither test is infallible; that is why Platonic scholarship goes happily on and on. In the course of a brilliant article concerning the place of the Timaeus in the order of the dialogues, Mr. G. E. L. Owen has shown how a merely statistical study of (...)
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