Results for 'Howard Kunreuther'

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  1. Reducing Losses From Catastrophic Risks Through Long-Term Insurance and Mitigation.Howard Kunreuther - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):905-930.
    This paper examines the role that insurance and mitigation can play in reducing losses from natural disasters using data collected as part of a large-scale study on catastrophic risk jointly undertaken by the Wharton Risk Management Center in conjunction with Georgia State University and the Insurance Information Institute. The paper graphically demonstrates why disaster losses have increased in the past twenty-five years and the magnitude of the problem today. It then shows how mitigation measures can reduce future losses using data (...)
     
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  2.  42
    Why Do Groups Cooperate More Than Individuals to Reduce Risks?Min Gong, Jonathan Baron & Howard Kunreuther - 2013 - Theory and Decision 75 (1):101-116.
    Previous research has discovered a curious phenomenon: groups cooperate less than individuals in a deterministic prisoner’s dilemma game, but cooperate more than individuals when uncertainty is introduced into the game. We conducted two studies to examine three possible processes that might drive groups to be more cooperative than individuals in reducing risks: group risk concern, group cooperation expectation, and pressure to conform to social norms. We found that ex post guilt aversion and ex-post blame avoidance cause group members to be (...)
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  3. The Development and Education of the Mind: The Selected Works of Howard Gardner.Howard Gardner - 2006 - Routledge.
    In the World Library of Educationalists series, international experts themselves compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces--extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and/practical contributions--so the work can read them in a single manageable volume. Readers will be able to follow the themes and strands of their work and see their contribution to the development of a field. A developmental psychologist by training, Howard Gardner has spent the last 30 years researching, (...)
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  4. Reviews : Mickael W. Howard -- From Commodity Fetishism to Market Socialism: Critical Notes on Stanley Moore.Michael W. Howard - 1980 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 7 (2):184-214.
  5. Howard Schuman.Howard Schuman - 1994 - Social Epistemology 8 (1):27-33.
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  6. Michael W. Howard -- Utopianism and Nuclear Deterrence.Michael W. Howard - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):53-65.
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  7.  69
    The Fundamentality of Fit.Christopher Howard - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 14.
    Many authors, including Derek Parfit, T. M. Scanlon, and Mark Schroeder, favor a “reasons-first” ontology of normativity, which treats reasons as normatively fundamental. Others, most famously G. E. Moore, favor a “value-first” ontology, which treats value or goodness as normatively fundamental. Chapter 10 argues that both the reasons-first and value-first ontologies should be rejected because neither can account for all of the normative reasons that, intuitively, there are. It advances an ontology of normativity, originally suggested by Franz Brentano and A. (...)
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  8. Book Review: Journalism and Justice: An Essay Review by Howard Ziff. [REVIEW]Howard M. Ziff - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (3):203 – 211.
  9. Witchcraft, Relativism and the Problem of the Criterion.Howard Sankey - 2010 - Erkenntnis 72 (1):1-16.
    This paper presents a naturalistic response to the challenge of epistemic relativism. The case of the Azande poison oracle is employed as an example of an alternative epistemic norm which may be used to justify beliefs about everyday occurrences. While a distinction is made between scepticism and relativism, an argument in support of epistemic relativism is presented that is based on the sceptical problem of the criterion. A response to the resulting relativistic position is then provided on the basis of (...)
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  10.  33
    The New Mr. Coffee: Howard Schultz.Howard Schultz & Mary Scott - 1995 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 9 (6):26-29.
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  11.  24
    Howard Mumford Jones: O Strange New WorldO Strange New World.Henry Nash Smith & Howard Mumford Jones - 1965 - Journal of the History of Ideas 26 (3):435.
  12. The Beauties of Locke, Selections, by A. Howard.John Locke & Alfred Howard - 1825
     
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  13. Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language Edited by Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling, Jr., Howard K. Wettstein. --. [REVIEW]Howard K. Wettstein, Theodore Edward Uehling & Peter A. French - 1979 - University of Minnesota Press.
     
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  14.  83
    Aristotle and the Virtues.Howard J. Curzer - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Howard J. Curzer presents a fresh new reading of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, which brings each of the virtues alive. He argues that justice and friendship are symbiotic in Aristotle's view; reveals how virtue ethics is not only about being good, but about becoming good; and describes Aristotle's ultimate quest to determine happiness.
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  15. The Mind’s New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution.Howard Gardner - 1985 - Basic Books.
    The first full-scale history of cognitive science, this work addresses a central issue: What is the nature of knowledge?
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  16. Perception.Howard Robinson - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
    Questions about perception remain some of the most difficult and insoluble in both epistemology and in the philosophy of mind. This controversial but highly accessible introduction to the area explores the philosophical importance of those questions by re-examining what had until recent times been the most popular theory of perception - the sense-datum theory. Howard Robinson surveys the history of the arguments for and against the theory from Descartes to Husserl. He then shows that the objections to the theory, (...)
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  17. Entropy a New World View /by Jeremy Rifkin with Ted Howard ; Afterword by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen. --. --.Jeremy Rifkin & Ted Howard - 1980 - Viking Press, 1980.
  18. Foundationalism and Arbitrariness.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (1):18–24.
    Nonskeptical foundationalists say that there are basic beliefs. But, one might object, either there is a reason why basic beliefs are likely to be true or there is not. If there is, then they are not basic; if there is not, then they are arbitrary. I argue that this dilemma is not nearly as decisive as its author, Peter Klein, would have us believe.
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  19. Matter and Sense: A Critique of Contemporary Materialism.Howard Robinson - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
  20.  55
    The Relationship of Emotion to Cognition: A Functional Approach to a Semantic Controversy.Howard Leventhal & Klaus Scherer - 1987 - Cognition and Emotion 1 (1):3-28.
  21.  71
    Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition: A Theory of Judgment.Howard Margolis - 1987 - University of Chicago Press.
    In challenging the prevailing paradigm for understanding how the human mind works, Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition is certain to stimulate fruitful debate.
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  22.  20
    Change in View: Principles of Reasoning.Howard Margolis - 1986 - Ethics 99 (4):966-966.
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  23.  45
    Maximization Theory in Behavioral Psychology.Howard Rachlin, Ray Battalio, John Kagel & Leonard Green - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):371-388.
  24. Howard Pollio.Michael J. Apter, James Reason, Geoffrey Underwood, Thomas H. Carr, Graham F. Reed, Richard A. Block & Peter W. Sheehan - 1979 - In Geoffrey Underwood & Robin Stevens (eds.), Aspects of Consciousness. Academic Press.
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  25. Socialism and Ethics.Howard Selsam (ed.) - 1943 - Lawrence & Wishart.
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  26.  61
    Levinas and the Political.Howard Caygill - 2002 - Routledge.
    Howard Caygill systematically explores for the first time the relationship between Levinas' thought and the political. From Levinas' early writings in the face of National Socialism to controversial political statements on Israeli and French politics, Caygill analyses themes such as the deconstruction of metaphysics, embodiment, the face and alterity. He also examines Levinas' engagement with his contemporaries Heidegger and Bataille, and the implications of his rethinking of the political for an understanding of the Holocaust.
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  27.  11
    Behavior and Mind: The Roots of Modern Psychology.Howard Rachlin - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    This book attempts to synthesize two apparently contradictory views of psychology: as the science of internal mental mechanisms and as the science of complex external behavior. Most books in the psychology and philosophy of mind reject one approach while championing the other, but Rachlin argues that the two approaches are complementary rather than contradictory. Rejection of either involves disregarding vast sources of information vital to solving pressing human problems--in the areas of addiction, mental illness, education, crime, and decision-making, to name (...)
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  28.  87
    Pain and Behavior.Howard Rachlin - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):43-83.
    There seem to be two kinds of pain: fundamental pain, the intensity of which is a direct function of the intensity of various pain stimuli, and pain, the intensity of which is highly modifiable by such factors as hypnotism, placebos, and the sociocultural setting in which the stimulus occurs.
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  29. A Kant Dictionary.Howard Caygill - 1995 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    In this new lexical survey of Kant's works, Howard Caygill presents Kantian concepts and terminology in terms that will introduce and clarify his ideas for students and general readers alike.
     
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  30. S Ren Kierkegaard's Journals and Papers. Edited and Translated by Howard V. Hong and Edna H. Hong, Assisted by Gregor Malantschuk. --. [REVIEW]Søen Kierkegaard, Howard Vincent Hong & Gregor Malantschuk - 1967 - Indiana University Press.
     
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  31.  42
    Two Functional Components of the Hippocampal Memory System.Howard Eichenbaum, Tim Otto & Neal J. Cohen - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):449-472.
    There is considerable evidence that the hippocampal system contributes both to the temporary maintenance of memories and to the processing of a particular type of memory representation. The findings on amnesia suggest that these two distinguishing features of hippocampal memory processing are orthogonal. Together with anatomical and physiological data, the neuropsychological findings support a model of cortico-hippocampal interactions in which the temporal and representational properties of hippocampal memory processing are mediated separately. We propose that neocortical association areas maintain shortterm memories (...)
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    Art Worlds.Howard S. Becker - 1982 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 41 (2):226-226.
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  33. Self-Control: Beyond Commitment.Howard Rachlin - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):109-121.
    Self-control, so important in the theory and practice of psychology, has usually been understood introspectively. This target article adopts a behavioral view of the self (as an abstract class of behavioral actions) and of self-control (as an abstract behavioral pattern dominating a particular act) according to which the development of self-control is a molar/molecular conflict in the development of behavioral patterns. This subsumes the more typical view of self-control as a now/later conflict in which an act of self-control is a (...)
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  34.  24
    “Pacification of the Primitive”: The Problem of Colonial Violence.Laura Kunreuther - 2006 - Philosophia Africana 9 (2):67-82.
  35. Aristotle's Painful Path to Virtue.Howard J. Curzer - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (2):141-162.
    Howard J. Curzer - Aristotle's Painful Path to Virtue - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:2 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.2 141-162 Aristotle's Painful Path to Virtue Howard J. Curzer [P]unishment . . . is a kind of cure . . . . We think young people should be prone to shame . . . . 1. Two Questions FOR ARISTOTLE, THE GOAL OF MORAL development is, of course, to become virtuous. Aristotle provides a partial (...)
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  36. The Foundations of Analytic Philosophy / Editors, Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling, Jr., Howard K. Wettstein, Associate Editor, Jeffery Johnson. [REVIEW]Peter A. French, Theodore Edward Uehling & Howard K. Wettstein - 1981
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  37.  18
    Knowledge and Human Interests.Howard L. Parsons - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (2):281-282.
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  38.  25
    Fetal Risks, Relative Risks, and Relatives' Risks.Howard Minkoff & Mary Faith Marshall - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):3-11.
    Several factors related to fetal risk render it more or less acceptable in justifying constraints on the behavior of pregnant women. Risk is an unavoidable part of pregnancy and childbirth, one that women must balance against other vital personal and family interests. Two particular issues relate to the fairness of claims that pregnant women are never entitled to put their fetuses at risk: relative risks and relatives' risks. The former have been used—often spuriously—to advance arguments against activities, such as home (...)
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  39. Walter Benjamin: The Colour of Experience.Howard Caygill - 1998 - Routledge.
    In this major reinterpretation, Howard Caygill argues that all of Benjamin's work is characterized by its focus on a concept of experience derived from Kant but applied by Benjamin to objects as diverse as urban experience, visual art, literature and philosophy. The book analyzes the development of Benjamin's concept of experience in his early writings showing that it emerges from an engagement with visual experience, and in particular the experience of colour. By representing Benjamin as primarily a thinker of (...)
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  40. Paradigms & Barriers How Habits of Mind Govern Scientific Beliefs.Howard Margolis - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Paradigms and Barriers Howard Margolis offers an innovative interpretation of Thomas S. Kuhn's landmark idea of "paradigm shifts," applying insights from cognitive psychology to the history and philosophy of science. Building upon the arguments in his acclaimed Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition, Margolis suggests that the breaking down of particular habits of mind—of critical "barriers"—is key to understanding the processes through which one model or concept is supplanted by another. Margolis focuses on those revolutionary paradigm shifts— such as the (...)
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  41. From the Knowledge Argument to Mental Substance: Resurrecting the Mind.Howard Robinson - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a strong case for substance dualism and offers a comprehensive defense of the knowledge argument, showing that materialism cannot accommodate or explain the 'hard problem' of consciousness. Bringing together the discussion of reductionism and semantic vagueness in an original and illuminating way, Howard Robinson argues that non-fundamental levels of ontology are best treated by a conceptualist account, rather than a realist one. In addition to discussing the standard versions of physicalism, he examines physicalist theories such as (...)
     
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  42. Non-Consequentialism Demystified.Howard Nye, David Plunkett & John Ku - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15 (4):1-28.
    Morality seems important, in the sense that there are practical reasons — at least for most of us, most of the time — to be moral. A central theoretical motivation for consequentialism is that it appears clear that there are practical reasons to promote good outcomes, but mysterious why we should care about non-consequentialist moral considerations or how they could be genuine reasons to act. In this paper we argue that this theoretical motivation is mistaken, and that because many arguments (...)
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  43.  3
    Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality: A Theory of Social Choice.Howard Margolis - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
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  44. John Hick on Whether God Could Be an Infinite Person.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2016 - Journal of Analytic Theology 4:171-179.
    "Who or what is God?," asks John Hick. A theist might answer: God is an infinite person, or at least an infinite personal being. Hick disagrees: "God cannot be both a person and infinite." Moreover, he says, the distinction between being a person and being a personal being "is a distinction without a difference." Thus, God cannot be an infinite personal being either. In this essay, I assess Hick's reasons for drawing these conclusions. I argue that, even if some other (...)
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    The Healer's Power.Howard Brody - 1992 - Yale University Press.
    Although the physician’s use and misuse of power have been discussed in the social sciences and in literature, they have never been explored in medical ethics until now. In this book, Dr. Howard Brody argues that the central task is not to reduce the physician’s power, as others have suggested, but to develop guidelines for its use, so that the doctor shares with the patient both information and the responsibility for deciding on appropriate treatment. Dr. Brody first reviews literary (...)
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  46.  45
    Steve Jackson. A New Proof of the Strong Partition Relation on Ω1. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 320 , Pp. 737–745. - Steve Jackson. Admissible Suslin Cardinals in L. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 56 , Pp. 260–275. - Steve Jackson. A Computation Of. Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society, No. 670. American Mathematical Society, Providence 1999, Viii + 94 Pp. [REVIEW]Howard S. Becker - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):546-548.
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    The Significance of Religious Experience.Howard Wettstein - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this volume of essays, Howard Wettstein explores the foundations of religious commitment. His orientation is broadly naturalistic, but not in the mode of reductionism or eliminativism. This collection explores questions of broad religious interest, but does so through a focus on the author's religious tradition, Judaism. Among the issues explored are the nature and role of awe, ritual, doctrine, religious experience; the distinction between belief and faith; problems of evil and suffering with special attention to the Book of (...)
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  48. Your Use of the JSTOR Archive Indicates Your Acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, Available At.Howard Rachlin - 1974 - Behaviorism 2 (1):94-107.
  49.  3
    How Does Trust Relate to Faith?Daniel J. McKaughan & Daniel Howard-Snyder - forthcoming - Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-17.
    How does trust relate to faith? We do not know of a theory-neutral way to answer our question. So, we begin with what we regard as a plausible theory of faith according to which, in slogan form, faith is resilient reliance. Next, we turn to contemporary theories of trust. They are not of one voice. Still, we can use them to indicate ways in which trust and faith might both differ from and resemble each other. This is what we do. (...)
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    The Two Pragmatisms: From Peirce to Rorty.Howard Mounce - 1997 - Routledge.
    _The Two Pragmatisms - From Peirce to Rorty_ maps the main movements within the pragmatist tradition. Two distinct forms of pragmatism are identified, that of Peirce and that of the `second' pragmatism stemming from James' interpretation of Peirce and seen in the work of Dewey and above all Rorty. Both the influential work of Rorty and the way in which he has transformed contemporary philosophy's understanding of pragmatism are clearly explained. _The Two Pragmatisms - From Peirce to Rorty_ is essential (...)
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