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Summary This category currently includes works on Pre-Socratic Philosophy that are not about a single thinker, but are about themes or topics. It includes work on doxography, and on the origins of philosophy and science in the Pre-socratic period. It also includes collections of fragments and other texts that cover either the whole period or some subset of thinkers.
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659 found
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  1. Concepts of Causality in Presocratic Philosophy.D. Andriopoulos - unknown - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 13.
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  2. The Concept of Memory in Presocratic Culture.L. Borsic - unknown - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 13.
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  3. Presocratic Fragments.Graham Dw - unknown - The Classical Review 62 (1).
  4. Flowing Along Endlessly: Banana Yoshimoto’s Female Protagonists as an Elemental Force.Carrie Giunta - forthcoming - In Emma Staniland & Elizabeth Jones (eds.), Women and Water in Global Fiction: Feminisms & Gender. Routledge.
  5. Naming the Principles in Democritus: An Epistemological Problem.Literature Enrico PiergiacomiCorresponding authorDepartement of - forthcoming - Apeiron.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  6. Socrates and Plato.Alex Long - forthcoming - Phronesis:1-12.
  7. Presocratic Philosophy.Richard McKirahan - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy.
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  8. Hacia Una Interpretación de la Odisea (I).Aida Míguez Barciela - forthcoming - Laguna. Revista de Filosofía.
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  9. Acheloios, Thales, and the Origin of Philosophy: A Response to the Neo-Marxians.Nicholas J. Molinari - 2022 - Oxford: Archaeopress.
    This book presents a new account of Thales based on the idea that Acheloios, a deity equated with water in the ancient Greek world and found in Miletos during Thales’ life, was the most important cultic deity influencing the thinker, profoundly shaping his philosophical worldview. In doing so, it also weighs in on the metaphysical and epistemological dichotomy that seemingly underlies all academia—the antithesis of the methodological postulate of Marxian dialectical materialism vis-à-vis the Platonic idea of fundamentally real transcendental forms. (...)
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  10. An Ancient Greek Philosophy of Management Consulting: An Interview with David Shaw.Wim Vandekerckhove - 2022 - Philosophy of Management 21 (1):127-134.
    This article is a transcript of an interview with David Shaw, the author of the book, “An Ancient Greek Philosophy of Management Consulting: Thinking Differently about its Assumptions, Principles and Practice”, published with Springer in 2022. It discusses his reasons for looking to the ancient Greek philosophers for new ideas about management consulting, and how his papers for this journal have contributed to the development of the book.
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  11. Ancient Ethics and the Natural World.Ursula Coope & Barbara M. Sattler (eds.) - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores a distinctive feature of ancient philosophy: the close relation between ancient ethics and the study of the natural world. Human beings are in some sense part of the natural world, and they live their lives within a larger cosmos, but their actions are governed by norms whose relation to the natural world is up for debate. The essays in this volume, written by leading specialists in ancient philosophy, discuss how these facts about our relation to the world (...)
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  12. Diogenes of Apollonia as a Material Panpsychist.Luca Dondoni - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy Today 3 (1):3-29.
    In my paper, I shall provide a reading of Diogenes of Apollonia such that his understanding of the metaphysics of differentiation and of individual ensoulment may constitute an ingenious answer to the problems of his time. To this extent, I will argue that Diogenes' worldview solves the difficulties of Anaxagoras' metaphysics and successfully integrates mentality in a causally closed conception of nature. Finally, I will suggest that a Diogenes-inspired approach might be relevant to treat some pressing concerns in the contemporary (...)
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  13. An Introduction to Pre-Socratic Ethics: Heraclitus and Democritus on Human Nature and Conduct (Part I: On Motion and Change).Erman Kaplama - 2021 - Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 17 (1):212-242.
    Both Heraclitus and Democritus, as the philosophers of historia peri phuseôs, consider nature and human character, habit, law and soul as interrelated emphasizing the links between phusis, kinesis, ethos, logos, kresis, nomos and daimon. On the one hand, Heraclitus’s principle of change (panta rhei) and his emphasis on the element of fire and cosmic motion ultimately dominate his ethics reinforcing his ideas of change, moderation, balance and justice, on the other, Democritus’s atomist description of phusis and motion underlies his principle (...)
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  14. The Organic Roots of Conatus in Early Greek Thought.Christopher Kirby - 2021 - Conatus 6 (2).
    The focus of this paper will be on the earliest Greek treatments of impulse, motivation, and self-animation – a cluster of concepts tied to the hormē-conatus concept. I hope to offer a plausible account of how the earliest recorded views on this subject in mythological, pre-Socratic, and Classical writings might have inspired later philosophical developments by establishing the foundations for an organic, wholly naturalized approach to human inquiry. Three pillars of that approach which I wish to emphasize are: practical intelligence, (...)
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  15. Le divin, les dieux et le mouvement éternel dans l’univers d’Anaximandre.Luan Reboredo - 2021 - In Rossella Saetta Cottone (ed.), Penser les dieux avec les présocratiques. Paris: Rue D’Ulm. pp. 97-111.
    On propose ici de clarifier ce qu’Anaximandre entendait par « le divin » et ce qu’il appelait des « dieux ». À partir d’une réévaluation des sources anciennes, on soutient que cette enquête peut aider à comprendre son modèle cosmologique et le problème des cataclysmes dans son système. Trois hypothèses sont avancées à cette fin : [i] que dans Physique, III, 4, 203b3 15, le syntagme τὸ ἄπειρον renvoie à une notion concrète de substrat infini ; [ii] que dans ce (...)
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  16. Analytic Philosophy, the Ancient Philosopher Poets and the Poetics of Analytic Philosophy.Catherine Rowett - 2021 - Rhizomata 8 (2):158-182.
    The paper starts with reflections on Plato’s critique of the poets and the preference many express for Aristotle’s view of poetry. The second part of the paper takes a case study of analytic treatments of ancient philosophy, including the ancient philosopher poets, to examine the poetics of analytic philosophy, diagnosing a preference in Analytic philosophy for a clean non-poetic style of presentation, and then develops this in considering how well historians of philosophy in the Analytic tradition can accommodate the contributions (...)
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  17. Thales.Catherine Rowett - 2021 - The Philosophers' Magazine 92:58-63.
  18. Cohesive Causes in Ancient Greek Philosophy and Medicine.Sean Coughlin - 2020 - In Chiara Thumiger (ed.), Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception. Leiden: pp. 237-267.
    This paper is about the history of a question in ancient Greek philosophy and medicine: what holds the parts of a whole together? The idea that there is a single cause responsible for cohesion is usually associated with the Stoics. They refer to it as the synectic cause (αἴτιον συνεκτικόν), a term variously translated as ‘cohesive cause,’ ‘containing cause’ or ‘sustaining cause.’ The Stoics, however, are neither the first nor the only thinkers to raise this question or to propose a (...)
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  19. Review of Marco Antonio Santamaría, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries. [REVIEW]Sarah Feldman - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):236-241.
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  20. Ancient Philosophers on Death and Immortality - (A.G.) Long Death and Immortality in Ancient Philosophy. Pp. VIII + 232. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Cased, £74.99, Us$99.99. Isbn: 978-1-107-08659-3. [REVIEW]Stephen Hetherington - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (1):224-226.
  21. Anaximenes’ Ἀήρ as Generating Mist and Generated Air.Pavel Hobza - 2020 - Apeiron 53 (2):97-122.
    Anaximenes is usually considered to be a material monist recognizing transparent atmospheric air as a principle. In the cosmogonic explanation of the origin of the earth and the heavenly bodies, the Greek term ἀήρ turns out to mean rather ‘opaque damp mist’. However, Not only does it accord with archaic usage, but also with how it was used in his mentor, Anaximander. Yet, in cosmology ἀήρ means ‘air’ serving as stuff on which the earth and the heavenly bodies float. Hence, (...)
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  22. The Ethical Maxims of Democritus of Abdera.Monte Johnson - 2020 - In David Wolfsdorf (ed.), Early Greek Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 211-242.
    Democritus of Abdera, best known as a cosmologist and the founder of atomism, wrote more on ethics than anyone before Plato. His work Peri euthumiês (On Contentment) was extremely influential on the later development of teleological and intellectualist ethics, eudaimonism, hedonism, therapeutic ethics, and positive psychology. The loss of his works, however, and the transmission of his fragments in collections of maxims (gnomai), has obscured the extent his contribution to the history of systematic ethics and influence on later philosophy, especially (...)
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  23. Meteorology.Monte Johnson - 2020 - In Liba Taub (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek and Roman Science. Cambridge, UK: pp. 160-184.
    Greco-Roman meteorology will be described in four overlapping developments. In the archaic period, astro-meteorological calendars were written down, and one appears in Hesiod’s Works and Days; such calendars or almanacs originated thousands of years earlier in Mesopotamia. In the second development, also in the archaic period, the pioneers of prose writing began writing speculative naturalistic explanations of meteorological phenomena: Anaximander, followed by Heraclitus, Anaxagoras, and others. When Aristotle in the fourth century BCE mentions the ‘inquiry that all our predecessors have (...)
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  24. Philosophy and Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen: A Delicate Balance of Health. By Hynek Bartos. [REVIEW]Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):221-227.
    Hynek Bartos does the field of ancient philosophy a great service by detailing the influence of early Greek thinkers (such as Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus, and Diogenes of Apollonia) on the Hippocratic work On Regimen, and by demonstrating that work’s innovative engagement with contemporary scientific and philosophical concepts as well as its direct influence on Plato and Aristotle. His study usefully counteracts the lamentable tendency among ancient philosophers to ignore or downplay the influence of medical literature on philosophy in general, (...)
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  25. Why Did Aristotle Invent the Material Cause ? The Early Development of the Concept of Hê Hylê.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - In Pierre Pellegrin & Françoise Graziani (eds.), L'HÉRITAGE D'ARISTOTE AUJOURD'HUI : NATURE ET SOCIÉTÉ. Alessandria: Editzioni dell'Orso. pp. 59-86.
    I present a developmental account of Aristotle’s concept of hê hylê (usually translated “the matter”), focused the earliest developments. I begin by analyzing fragments of some lost early works and a chapter of the Organon, texts which indicate that early in his career Aristotle had not yet begun to use he hylê in a technical sense. Next, I examine Physics II 3, a chapter in which Aristotle conceives of he hylê not as a kind of cause in its own right, (...)
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  26. Jens Halfwassen, 1958-2020.Carl O’Brien - 2020 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 14 (2):117-119.
  27. Life and the Early Greek Philosophers - (C.) Zatta Interconnectedness. The Living World of the Early Greek Philosophers. Second Edition. (International Pre-Platonic Studies 7.) Pp. 387. Baden-Baden: Academia Verlag, 2019 (First Edition 2017). Paper, €49. Isbn: 978-3-89665-796-1. [REVIEW]Caterina Pellò - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (2):318-320.
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  28. The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy: Its Origin, Development, and Significance, by André Laks; and The Beginnings of Philosophy in Greece, by Maria Michela Sassi.William Wians - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (2):469-475.
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  29. The Role of Philosophers in Antiquity. Bryan, Wardy, Warren (Ed.) Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy. Pp. XIV + 370. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Cased, £90, Us$125. Isbn: 978-1-316-51004-9. [REVIEW]Lucas Angioni - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (2):362-364.
  30. Anaxagoras, the Thoroughgoing Infinitist: The Relation Between His Teachings on Multitude and on Heterogeneity.Miloš Arsenijević, Saša Popović & Miloš Vuletić - 2019 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 15 (1):35-70.
    In the analysis of Anaxagoras’ physics in view of the relation between his teachings on multitude and heterogeneity, two central questions emerge: 1) How can the structure of the universe considered purely mereo-topologically help us explain that at the first cosmic stage no qualitative difference is manifest in spite of the fact that the entire qualitative heterogeneity is supposedly already present there? 2) How can heterogeneity become manifest at the second stage, resulting from the noûs intervention, if according to fragment (...)
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  31. Epistemology Within a Theological Framework - Tor Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology. A Study of Hesiod, Xenophanes and Parmenides. Pp. XIV + 406. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Cased, £90, Us$120. Isbn: 978-1-107-02816-6. [REVIEW]Dariusz Kubok - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):20-22.
  32. Bios Philosophos. Philosophy in Ancient Greek Biography, Edited by Bonazzi, M. And Schorn, S.Giuseppe Muscolino - 2019 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 13 (1):105-107.
  33. A Natureza no Tribunal das Leis: hipóteses sobre as influências das leis escritas na cosmologia de Anaximandro.Luan Reboredo - 2019 - In Maria de Fátima Silva, Maria da Graça de Moraes Augusto & Maria do Céu Fialho (eds.), Casas, património, civilização: nomos versus physis no pensamento grego. Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra. pp. 53-67.
    In this paper, we intend to explore the possible influences of legislative prose in the Anaximander’s cosmological prose construction, who would have been, according to Themistius, “the first Greek who dared to expose a written discourse about nature” (ἐθάρρησε πρῶτος ὧν ἴσμεν Ἑλλήνων λόγον ἐξενεγκεῖν περὶ φύσεως συγγεγραμμένον, Or. 26 p. 383 = DK12A7). Our aim is to clarify which notions of nature and justice are assumed in its emergent cosmology, considering that, at least from the lexical point of view, (...)
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  34. Anaximander’s ἄπειρον.Norman Sieroka - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy 39 (1):1-22.
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  35. Heraclitus and Thales - Finkelberg Heraclitus and Thales’ Conceptual Scheme: A Historical Study. Pp. XII + 415. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017. Cased, €135, Us$145. Isbn: 978-90-04-33799-2. [REVIEW]Keith Begley - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):327-328.
    This book represents more than a decade of work (p. ix) by this eminent scholar. It is intended primarily for scholars of Classical Greek; however, F.’s laudable practice of, in most cases, providing English translations and repeating them when needed, makes it accessible to non-specialists and undergraduates, as he intended (pp. ix–x).
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  36. 12 Femmes hors du commun durant l'Antiquité et le Moye-Age.Yves Bertrand - 2018 - Lyon, France: Chronique sociale.
    Women who changed ideas in Antiquity and in Middle Ages.
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  37. When the Earth Was Flat: Studies in Ancient Greek and Chinese Cosmology.Dirk L. Couprie - 2018 - New York, USA: Springer Verlag.
    This book is a sequel to Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology. With the help of many pictures, the reader is introduced into the way of thinking of ancient believers in a flat earth. The first part offers new interpretations of several Presocratic cosmologists and a critical discussion of Aristotle’s proofs that the earth is spherical. The second part explains and discusses the ancient Chinese system called gai tian. The last chapter shows that, inadvertently, ancient arguments and ideas return (...)
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  38. Interview with Professor John M. Dillon.John M. Dillon & Suzanne Stern-Gillet - 2018 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 12 (2):197-202.
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  39. Explaining Earth’s Stability by Uniformity: Origins of the Argument.Radim Kočandrle - 2018 - Apeiron 51 (4):459-482.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  40. Los dioses de los presocráticos.Enrique Morata - 2018 - Scribd.
    The gods of the pre-socratics and their concept of Good, in Spanish.
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  41. Phusis, Opposites and Ontological Dependence in Heraclitus.Richard Neels - 2018 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 35 (3):199-217.
    The earliest recorded philosophical use of the term "phusis" occurs in the fragments of Heraclitus (most notably at B1 and B123). Phusis, in the non-philosophical writings relevant to Heraclitus’s time (e.g. from Homer to Aeschylus and Pindar), was generally used to characterize the external physical appearance of something. Heraclitus, on the other hand, seems to have used the term in the completely opposite manner: an object’s phusis is hidden (kruptesthai) and greater (kreissōn) than the external appearance (B123 and B54). Despite (...)
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  42. La inteligencia ('noesis') en Diógenes de Apolonia.David Torrijos-Castrillejo - 2018 - Anuario Filosófico 51 (3):439-460.
    The philosophy of Diogenes pays special attention to knowledge. Diogenes bases his thought on the well-known thesis of Parmenides which identifies einai and noein, combining it with the nous of Anaxagoras. According to Diogenes, the intellect (noesis) is embodied in the formal features of things and therefore is powerful, like the nous of Anaxagoras. The aim of the following pages is to show, in confrontation with Laks, that noesis does not homogenize the cosmos, but rather it diversifies it.
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  43. Nietzsche and The Birth of Tragedy by Paul Raimond Daniels.Vinod Acharya - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (2):294-300.
    Paul Raimond Daniels’s Nietzsche and The Birth of Tragedy is an engaging, instructive, and clearly written study of Nietzsche’s first book. It is a particularly fine achievement given the difficulties, in terms of both style and content, that Nietzsche’s text presents to the reader. Daniels’s aim is to present BT as an ideal introduction to Nietzsche’s philosophy, and, in light of its problematizing of the relation between art and truth, to argue that BT is crucial for evaluating the aims, successes, (...)
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  44. All the World's a Stage Painting: Scenery, Optics and Greek Epistemology.Myles Burnyeat - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 52:33-75.
  45. A Battle Against Pain? Aristotle, Theophrastus and the Physiologoi in Aspasius, On Nicomachean Ethics 156.14-20.Wei Cheng - 2017 - Phronesis 62 (4):392-416.
  46. ‘SEEING’ IN ANTIQUITY - (M.) Squire (Ed.) Sight and the Ancient Senses. Pp. Xiv + 313, Figs, Ills, Colour Pls. London and New York: Routledge, 2016. Paper, £29.99, US$49.95 (Cased, £110, US$170). ISBN: 978-1-84465-866-4 (978-1-84465-865-7 Hbk). [REVIEW]Jo Day - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (2):543-545.
  47. Rereading Ancient Philosophy: Old Chestnuts and Sacred Cows.Verity Harte & Raphael Woolf (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book revisits, and sheds fresh light on, some key texts and debates in ancient philosophy. Its twin targets are 'Old Chestnuts' – well-known passages in the works of ancient philosophers about which one might have thought everything there is to say has already been said – and 'Sacred Cows' – views about what ancient philosophers thought, on issues of philosophical importance, that have attained the status of near-unquestioned orthodoxy. Thirteen leading scholars respond to these challenges by offering new perspectives (...)
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  48. The Lives of Philosophers - Bonazzi, Schorn Bios Philosophos. Philosophy in Ancient Greek Biography. Pp. 313. Turnhout: Brepols, 2016. Paper, €75. Isbn: 978-2-503-56546-0. [REVIEW]Hugh Liebert - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (2):363-366.
  49. Naming the Principles in Democritus: An Epistemological Problem.Enrico Piergiacomi - 2017 - Apeiron 50 (4):435-448.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Apeiron Jahrgang: 50 Heft: 4 Seiten: 435-448.
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  50. The Greatest Gift That We Possess. Ø. Rabbås, E.K. Emilsson, H. Fossheim, M. Tuominen the Quest for the Good Life. Ancient Philosophers on Happiness. Pp. X + 307. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Cased, £50, Us$74. Isbn: 978-0-19-874698-0. [REVIEW]Joachim Aufderheide - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (2):351-353.
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