About this topic
Summary Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) stands as a highly influential figure among German philosophers, leaving an indelible mark on the philosophical landscape of the late 19th century onwards. Known for his systematic approach, Schopenhauer sought to encapsulate the totality of intuitive understanding of the world and the human mind through the lens of abstract concepts. His philosophical framework revolves around two central concepts: (1) representation and (2) will. (1) The realm of representation, as explored by Schopenhauer, encompasses intuitive cognition, threading through the intricacies of time, space and causality. Simultaneously, he explores the realm of reason, which encompasses the realms of language (including logic and eristic dialectics), philosophy of science, and practical rationality. Schopenhauer's exploration also extends into aesthetics, culminating in an extensive theory of beauty and a comprehensive philosophy of individual art forms. (2) Schopenhauer approached the concept of will in order to examine nature, the physical world and metaphysics. Within this scope, he moved on to practical philosophy, distinguishing between (a) the affirmation and (b) negation of the will (to life). (a) The affirmation of the will includes ethical action, the philosophy of law, the theory of the state, and social theory. (b) The negation of the will, on the other hand, includes ascetic practices motivated by religion, contemplation, self-sacrifice, and related topics. -- Schopenhauer's philosophical contributions went beyond his systematic framework. For example, his intercultural perspective on philosophy with a particular focus on Asia, his ideas on compassion, his critique of uncritical faith in reason and optimism, his advocacy of intuition, and his thoughts on animal rights have had a profound impact to this day.  
Key works

Schopenhauer’s central work is The World as Will and Representation, Vol. I which was rewritten and expanded for an academic audience as the Berlin Lectures. These contain Schopenhauer’s philosophical system. As supplements to this system, Schopenhauer arranges further writings that deal with specific parts of his system: The Fourfold Root and On Vision and Colours deal with the perspective of representation. On the Will in Nature, On the Freedom of the Will and On the Basis of Morality are to be attributed to the perspective of the will and deal with additions to natural philosophy and ethics. The World as Will and Representation, Vol. II and the two volumes of Parerga and Paralipomena are later published writings and deal in many chapters each with certain thematic additions, extensions and changes to the original system.

Introductions

A good and compact introduction is provided by Wicks 2008. A well-researched biography to date is offered by Cartwright 2010. A brief overview of Schopenhauer's system is given by Lemanski 2023. More comprehensive introductions to individual topics are offered by Schubbe & Koßler 2018. Current information on research is provided by the Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft e.V. (www.schopenhauer.de)

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  1. Schopenhauer and Kierkegaard: Philosophy and science.Sergio Prats - unknown - Existentia 6 (1-4):317-319.
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  2. Does Schopenhauer accept any positive pleasures?Joshua Isaac Fox - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Schopenhauer repeatedly claims that all pleasure is negative, and this view seems to play key roles throughout his work. Nonetheless, many scholars have argued that Schopenhauer actually acknowledges certain positive pleasures. Two major arguments have been offered for this reading, one focused on the link between Schopenhauer's view of pleasure and Plato's, and one focused on Schopenhauer's distinction between two components of aesthetic pleasure. I argue that neither way of motivating the positive pleasure reading succeeds. Both overlook a key aspect (...)
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  3. Virtue and the Problem of Egoism in Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy.Patrick Hassan - forthcoming - In Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy. Routledge.
    It has previously been argued that Schopenhauer is a distinctive type of virtue ethicist (Hassan, 2019). The Aristotelian version of virtue ethics has traditionally been accused of being fundamentally egoistic insofar as the possession of virtues is beneficial to the possessor, and serve as the ultimate justification for obtaining them. Indeed, Schopenhauer himself makes a version of this complaint. In this chapter, I investigate whether Schopenhauer’s moral framework nevertheless suffers from this same objection of egoism in light of how he (...)
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  4. The Buddhism of Wagner and Nietzsche and their indebtedness to Schopenhauer.Laura Langone - forthcoming - History of European Ideas.
    I. That Schopenhauer’s view of Buddhism influenced Wagner’s and Nietzsche’s Buddhism seems a commonplace among scholars. However, although most scholars have presupposed the influence of Schopenhau...
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  5. Analyzing the philosophy of travel with Schopenhauerian argument maps.Jens Lemanski - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    Emily Thomas's seminal book The Meaning of Travel has brought the philosophy of travel back into the public eye in recent years. Thomas has shown that the topic of travel can be approached from numerous different perspectives, ranging from the historical to the conceptual‐analytical, to the political or even social‐philosophical perspectives. This article introduces another perspective, which Thomas only indirectly addresses, namely the argumentation‐theoretical perspective. It is notable that contemporary philosophy of travel lacks the nineteenth‐century approach of using diagrams and (...)
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  6. Rodríguez Aramayo, Roberto. Schopenhauer: la lucidez del pesimismo, Alianza editorial, Madrid, 2018.Víctor Manuel López Trujillo - forthcoming - Thémata Revista de Filosofía.
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  7. Schopenhauer's Titus Argument.Colin Marshall - forthcoming - In Patrick Hassan (ed.), Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy. Routledge.
    In one of his arguments for taking compassion to be the basis of morality, Schopenhauer offers a thought experiment involving two characters: Titus and Caius. The 'Titus Argument,' as I call it, has been misunderstood by many of Schopenhauer's readers, but is, I argue, worthy of attention by contemporary ethicists and metaethicists. In this chapter, I clarify the argument's structure, methodology, and its key philosophical move, drawing comparisons with Newton's experimental methodology in optics and Raimond Gaita's moral parodies.
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  8. Schopenhauer's Five-Dimensional Normative Ethics.Colin Marshall & Kayla Mehl - forthcoming - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. Routledge.
    Most Anglophone commentators ignore Schopenhauer's normative ethics, and those who do consider it often dismiss it as simplistic. In this chapter, we argue that Schopenhauer in fact offers a rich normative ethics. Taking a cue from Scanlon, we offer a reading of Schopenhauer on which actions are subject to five distinct dimensions of ethical assessment. The resulting view is nuanced and, in many respects, attractive. We conclude, however, by arguing that none of the evaluative dimensions equip Schopenhauer to condemn actions (...)
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  9. Schopenhauer on Spinoza: Animals, Jews, and Evil.Yitzhak Y. Melamed - forthcoming - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. London: Routledge.
    Schopenhauer’s philosophical engagement with Spinoza spreads over many fronts, and an adequate – not to say, complete – treatment of the topic, should cover at least the following issues: Schopenhauer’s critique (and misunderstanding) of Spinoza’s pivotal concept of causa sui; Schopenhauer’s claim that Spinoza confused reason [ratio] and cause [causa]; the relationship between Schopenhauer’s and Spinoza’s monisms; the eminent role that both philosophers assign to causality; and finally, Schopenhauer’s view of the world as a macroanthropos, as opposed to Spinoza’s attack (...)
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  10. Critical theory under the sign of Schopenhauer: A reconsideration of Horkheimer's interpretative debt.Loralea Michaelis - forthcoming - Constellations.
  11. Review of Thomas Stern (ed.), The New Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche, Cambridge. [REVIEW]Jonathan Mitchell - forthcoming - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  12. Self-knowledge and reflection in Schopenhauer’s view of agency.Sean T. Murphy - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper examines the roles that self-knowledge and reflection play in Schopenhauer’s view of agency. Focusing in particular on the discussion of the acquired character, his cognitive theory of motivation, and the idea of intellectual freedom, I argue that we find two conceptions of rational agency in Schopenhauer. The ‘minimal’ conception sees rational agency primarily as a kind of reflective motivation, whereas the ‘maximal’ or ‘robust’ conception sees rational agency as involving a kind of reflective self-organization. Furthermore, I argue that (...)
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  13. Acquired Character.Sean T. Murphy - forthcoming - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. Routledge.
    This chapter offers a general outline of Schopenhauer’s peculiarly named concept of ‘the acquired character’ and explains its basic function in his ethical thought. For Schopenhauer, a person of acquired character is someone who knows the ways of acting (Handlungsweise) that are most expressive of their individuality and who allows that self-knowledge to structure their practical and emotional life. In keeping with certain elements of his psychological determinism, acquired character is not the acquisition of a ‘new’ character; rather, it is (...)
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  14. Schopenhauer's Correspondence.Eric Payne - forthcoming - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:81-83.
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  15. A Note On Schopenhauer's Essay "die Vierfache Wurzel".Francis Payne - forthcoming - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:133-133.
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  16. Schopenhauer's Pessimism.Byron Simmons - forthcoming - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. Routledge.
    Optimism and pessimism are two diametrically opposed views about the value of existence. Optimists maintain that existence is better than non-existence, while pessimists hold that it is worse. Arthur Schopenhauer put forward a variety of arguments against optimism and for pessimism. I will offer a synoptic reading of these arguments, which aims to show that while Schopenhauer’s case against optimism primarily focuses on the value or disvalue of life’s contents, his case for pessimism focuses on the ways in which life (...)
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  17. Seeing Things: Schopenhauer's Kant Critique and Direct Realism.Alistair Welchman - forthcoming - In Alistair Welchman & Judith Norman (eds.), Schopenhauer's World as Will and Representation: A Critical Guide. Cambridge, UK:
    In this paper I argue, in the first section, that Schopenhauer was a direct perceptual realist. I think Schopenhauer’s critique of Kant in the Appendix to WWR 1 is largely bound together by his view that Kant was still welded to a pre-critical indirect perceptual realism which creates the various points of tension or compromise formations that Schopenhauer enumerates. In the second section I go on to argue that this perceptual direct realism sheds light on his account of compassion, in (...)
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  18. Schopenhauer's Sexual Ethics.David Bather Woods - forthcoming - In Patrick Hassan (ed.), Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy. Routledge.
    This chapter examines the ethical matters that arise from Schopenhauer’s discussions of sexual love and sexual practices. It presents Schopenhauer's remarks on “pederasty”, among other “unnatural lusts”, and attempts to disentangle Schopenhauer’s judgements on these practices from the principles that guide them. It considers these practices in the light of Schopenhauer's ethics of asceticism and his ethics of compassion and concludes that Schopenhauer’s objections to them are not always moral in nature, strictly speaking, and where they are moral, they are (...)
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  19. Proust and Schopenhauer.David Bather Woods - forthcoming - In Anna Elsner & Tom Stern (eds.), The Proustian Mind. London, UK:
    This chapter is divided into three sections. In the first, I identify the mentions of Schopenhauer in À la recherche du temps perdu. I use an implicit reference to Schopenhauer by Swann to open a discussion of Schopenhauer’s theory of music. I attempt to downplay its identification, suggested by some commentators, with both the views about music expressed in the novel and the form of the novel itself. In the second section, I discuss Proust’s references to Schopenhauer in his essay (...)
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  20. Individual Liberation in Modern Philosophy: Reflections on Santayana’s Affiliation to the Tradition Inaugurated by Spinoza and Followed by Schopenhauer and Nietzsche.Lydia Amir - 2023 - Ruch Filozoficzny 79 (1):43-78.
    This article evaluates the significance of the personal liberation that Santayana offers in relation to previous proposals in Western modern philosophy. These include the ideas of liberation present in the philosophies of Spinoza, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche. I argue that Santayana endorses Spinoza’s project, as Schopenhauer and Nietzsche did, of a philosophic redemption as an alternative to an established religion. Yet, he also follows Schopenhauer in rectifying Spinoza’s attempt of recapturing the philosophic truth of Christianity, a project undertaken in Medieval times (...)
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  21. The Schopenhauerian mind.David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) is now recognised as a figure of canonical importance to the history of philosophy. Schopenhauer founded his system on a highly original interpretation of Kant's philosophy, developing an entirely novel and controversial worldview guided centrally by his striking conception of the human will and of art and beauty. His influence extends to figures as diverse as Friedrich Nietzsche, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Iris Murdoch within philosophy, and Richard Wagner, Thomas Hardy, Sigmund Freud, Thomas Mann, Samuel Beckett and Jorge (...)
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  22. Resposta de Schopenhauer a Jacobi.Maria Lúcia Cacciola - 2023 - Cadernos de Filosofia Alemã 28 (2):23-31.
    O texto analisa como o problema da coisa em si em Kant, enquanto fundamento real ou não do fenômeno, foi reelaborado pelos filósofos pós-kantianos e como estes buscaram solucionar o possível dualismo da filosofia crítica. A investigação se concentra sobretudo na resposta de Schopenhauer ao problema, evidenciado pela primeira vez pelo filósofo Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, um dos grandes críticos da filosofia transcendental e do idealismo.
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  23. Reseña de Robert Zimmer, Schopenhauer und die Folgen. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 2018. [REVIEW]Osman Choque - 2023 - Revista de Filosofía de Costa Rica 164 (164):211-217.
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  24. Rezension zu Christina Kast (Hrsg.): Pessimistischer Liberalismus. Arthur Schopenhauers Staat, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2021, 277 S. [REVIEW]Osman Choque-Aliaga - 2023 - Schopenhauer-Jahrbuch. Frankfurt A. M 103:153-158.
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  25. Reading Schopenhauer.Joel Faflak - 2023 - In Tilottama Rajan & Daniel Whistler (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism and Poststructuralism. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 165-183.
    This chapter examines the writing of Arthur Schopenhauer as an exploration of the discontents of German idealism. Anticipating a poststructuralist concern with thought as the undoing of system, meaning, and the subject, Schopenhauer’s philosophy, rooted in an ethics of pessimism, forecasts how to survive a life facing possible extinction.
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  26. Moritz Schlick zwischen Schopenhauer und Nietzsche.Massimo Ferrari - 2023 - In Martin Lemke, Konstantin Leschke, Friederike Peters & Matthias Wunsch (eds.), Der Wiener Kreis und sein philosophisches Spektrum: Beiträge zur Kulturphilosophie, Metaphysik, Philosophiegeschichte, Praktischen Philosophie und Ästhetik. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 37-59.
    Schopenhauer und Nietzsche haben eine bedeutende Rolle in Schlicks philosophischem Werdegang gespielt. Es geht um einen bis dato wenig berücksichtigten Umstand, dem freilich nicht bloß eine biographische Bedeutung zukommt. Denn Schopenhauer und Nietzsche sind zwei Hauptfiguren, die nicht nur die Bildungszeit Schlicks prägten, sondern auch seine spätere philosophische Tätigkeit, und zwar bis auf die Wiener Zeit, verschiedenartig beeinflusst haben. Dieser Einfluss lässt sich besser verstehen, wenn das übliche Bild von Schlick als subtilem Ausleger der Relativitätstheorie und als Vater der wissenschaftlichen (...)
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  27. Schopenhauer über Seinsgründe.Wolfgang Freitag - 2023 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 77 (3):286-300.
    Der Beitrag erörtert Schopenhauers Theorie der Seinsgründe, nicht-kausaler ontologischer Gründe im Reich der Mathematik. Er weist nach, dass Schopenhauers entscheidendes Argument für Seinsgr??nde auf einer zu engen Konzeption von Erkenntnisgr??nden beruht. Wo Schopenhauer Seinsgr??nde sieht, liegen lediglich Begr??ndungen für Überzeugungen vor.
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  28. The significance of Nichtigkeit in Schopenhauer’s account of the sublime.Patrick Hassan - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind.
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  29. Sobre a negatividade do mundo e a questão do sofrimento em Adorno e Schopenhauer.Gabriel Kugnharski - 2023 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 42 (1):51-63.
    Este artigo se propõe a mostrar a centralidade que a questão do sofrimento adquire nas filosofias de Arthur Schopenhauer e Theodor Adorno. O ponto de partida é um recorte preciso na obra de ambos os autores visando a uma reconstrução breve da metafísica de Schopenhauer, com ênfase na concepção de Vontade, desenvolvida em O mundo como vontade e como representação, de 1818, e a uma apresentação dos conceitos principais que compõem a concepção de dialética negativa, exposta por Adorno na obra (...)
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  30. Wagner's Animal Ethics and Its Debt to Schopenhauer.Laura Langone - 2023 - Journal of Animal Ethics 13 (2):160-168.
    Richard Wagner's animal ethics is an underresearched issue within Wagner scholarship. In this article, I aim to fill this gap. In particular, I will demonstrate that, by drawing on Schopenhauer's philosophy, Wagner indicated a path to elaborate an animal ethics. First, I will reconstruct Schopenhauer's animal ethics, showing how it was deeply imbued with tenets of Brahmanism and Buddhism. Second, I will deal with Wagner's animal ethics, illustrating its indebtedness to Schopenhauer.
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  31. Logic Diagrams as Argument Maps in Eristic Dialectics.Jens Lemanski - 2023 - Argumentation 37 (1):69-89.
    This paper analyses a hitherto unknown technique of using logic diagrams to create argument maps in eristic dialectics. The method was invented in the 1810s and -20s by Arthur Schopenhauer, who is considered the originator of modern eristic. This technique of Schopenhauer could be interesting for several branches of research in the field of argumentation: Firstly, for the field of argument mapping, since here a hitherto unknown diagrammatic technique is shown in order to visualise possible situations of arguments in a (...)
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  32. Zwischen Logik, Ethik und Wissenschaft – Neue Editionen der frühen Werke Arthur Schopenhauers. [REVIEW]Jens Lemanski - 2023 - Philosophische Rundschau 70 (3):326.
    The essay review examines three current editions of Arthur Schopenhauer's early works. These editions reveal a departure from his more academically-oriented early work towards the more popular late work. The extent to which these new editions accommodate current Schopenhauer research is discussed, with a focus on moving beyond the biased interpretations of the 19th and 20th centuries. Furthermore, the essay argues that Schopenhauer's early work is still valuable today for several reasons. Stylistically, the early works prevent one-dimensional readings that reduce (...)
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  33. Predicativism as a Form of Potentialism.Øystein Linnebo & Stewart Shapiro - 2023 - Review of Symbolic Logic 16 (1):1-32.
    In the literature, predicativism is connected not only with the Vicious Circle Principle but also with the idea that certain totalities are inherently potential. To explain the connection between these two aspects of predicativism, we explore some approaches to predicativity within the modal framework for potentiality developed in Linnebo (2013) and Linnebo and Shapiro (2019). This puts predicativism into a more general framework and helps to sharpen some of its key theses.
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  34. Metafísica de la negrura. Schopenhauer, Mainländer y Nietzsche en la literatura de Thomas Ligotti.Alberto Villalobos Manjarrez - 2023 - Revista de Filosofía (México) 55 (154):188-225.
    Este artículo tiene como objetivo explicitar la presencia de determinados con- ceptos de la filosofía alemana del siglo XIX en la ficción de lo extraño de Thomas Ligotti. Por consiguiente, en el texto se sostiene que la voluntad, parte del pensamiento de Arthur Schopenhauer; la voluntad de morir, correspondiente a la metafísica de Philipp Mainländer y el devenir, propio de la filosofía de Nietzsche, se encuentran presentes, respectivamente, en las siguientes narraciones de Ligotti: “La sombra, la oscuridad”, “Dulce velada de (...)
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  35. Il Fragile Equilibrio Tra Mistica e Filosofia Nel Nichilismo di Arthur Schopenhauer.Giulia Miglietta - 2023 - Revista Dialectus 28 (28):90-106.
    Nel corso della sua intera produzione filosofica, solo in due occasioni Schopenhauer riflette esplicitamente e sistematicamente sul misticismo, nel tentativo di determinarne i confini e i limiti rispetto al suo sistema metafisico e, più in generale, rispetto al pensiero filosofico lato sensu. La seguente analisi ha l’obiettivo di stabilire se sia possibile rilevare una definizione univoca del termine misticismo all’interno della sua filosofia, per poi determinare sulla base di essa il particolare rapporto che intercorre tra il misticismo e il nichilismo (...)
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  36. Nietzsche e a metafísica de artista: apropriações de fórmulas kantianas, schopenhauerianas e pré-socráticas em O nascimento da tragédia.Gabriel Herkenhoff Coelho Moura - 2023 - Estudos Nietzsche 14 (1):63-93.
    In his debut book, The Birth of Tragedy, Nietzsche presents what he understands as a metaphysics of art or metaphysics of the artist. As it becomes clear throughout the argument developed in the work, his aim is to favor a justification of the world and of existence as an aesthetic phenomenon. The path to his metaphysics passes through the interaction with Kantian and, mostly, Schopenhauerian formulations, and through a deep dialogue with Greek culture in general and, indirectly, with Pre-Socratic thought. (...)
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  37. Súhvezdie na oblohe filozofie tragédie: Schopenhauer, Wagner a Nietzsche.Peter Nezník - 2023 - Filozofia 78 (8):649-663.
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  38. Schopenhauer and the Nature of Philosophy by Jonathan Head (review).Judith Norman - 2023 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 61 (3):528-530.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Schopenhauer and the Nature of Philosophy by Jonathan HeadJudith NormanJonathan Head. Schopenhauer and the Nature of Philosophy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2021. Pp. xviii + 183. Hardback, $95.00.It is a bit strange to read an overview of Schopenhauer's philosophy that does not center on the obvious and attention-grabbing idea of will, but Jonathan Head has brought a fresh and welcome perspective to the topic by focusing instead on (...)
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  39. Reseña de Grundriss Schopenhauer. Ein Handbuch zu Leben und Werk, de P. Welsen. Hamburg: Meiner, 2021, 424 pp. [REVIEW]Choque Osman - 2023 - Open Insight 14 (31):174-177.
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  40. Schopenhauer on inner awareness and world-understanding.Vasfi Onur Özen - 2023 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (5):1005-1027.
    I argue against a prevailing interpretation of Schopenhauer’s account of inner awareness and world-understanding. Because scholars have typically taken on board the assumption that inner awareness is non-representational, they have concerned themselves in the main with how to transfer this immediate cognition of will in ourselves and apply it to our understanding of the world–as–representation. Some scholars propose that the relation of the world-as-will to the world-as-representation is to be understood in figurative or metaphorical terms. I disagree because, for Schopenhauer, (...)
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  41. Niilismo, Suicídio e Valor da Vida Em Schopenhauer.Aguinaldo Pavão - 2023 - Revista Dialectus 28 (28):107-125.
    O artigo propõe-se a apresentar e discutir o niilismo ínsito na filosofia de Schopenhauer. Defende-se uma necessária distinção entre dois tipos de niilismo, um que visa a afirmar verdades axiologicamente neutras sobre o mundo e a existência, outro que se compromete com uma tese valorativa que considera a negação da vontade o maior objetivo moral. O pessimismo metafísico, cuja tese básica consiste em arguir que a não existência é preferível à existência, incorpora os dois tipos de niilismo mencionados. O pessimismo (...)
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  42. Schopenhauer and Modern Moral Philosophy.Stephen Puryear - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 228-40.
    Anscombe counsels us to dispense with those moral concepts that presuppose a divine law conception of ethics, among which she numbers the concepts of “moral obligation and moral duty, […] of what is morally right and wrong, and of the moral sense of ‘ought’.” Schopenhauer made a similar point more than a century earlier, though his critique implicates a narrower range of concepts. Through reflection on his accounts of right and wrong and of duty and obligation, I attempt to show (...)
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  43. Fracaso moral y deserción. Reseña de: Francisco Pereña, El fracaso moral de la Humanidad. Diálogo abierto con Platón, Kant, Schopenhauer y Wittgenstein, Madrid, Síntesis, 2022.Antonio Gómez Ramos - 2023 - Isegoría 68:r08.
  44. Schopenhauer in Goethes Weimar. "Ob nicht Natur zuletzt sich doch ergründe ...?".Thomas Regehly (ed.) - 2023 - Edition Faust.
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  45. Sobre o Jovem Wittgenstein e a Filosofia Crítica: Schopenhauer no Tractatus.Luiz Henrique Lopes dos Santos - 2023 - Analytica. Revista de Filosofia 25 (2):8-26.
    ResumoAinda que Schopenhauer não seja nominalmente referido no Tractatus, não há dúvida razoável de que ele esteja ali presente, particularmente nos aforismos sobre o solipsismo e a ética. Nesses aforismos, Wittgenstein apropria-se de várias teses e movimentos argumentativos que encontra em O Mundo como Vontade e Representação, mas faz uso deles para seus próprios fins filosóficos. Ao serem deslocados de seucontexto original ao contexto do Tractatus, eles mudam radicalmente de sentido e são incorporados a um percurso crítico lógico que resulta (...)
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  46. Nihilism: Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Now.Peter Stewart-Kroeker - 2023 - Open Philosophy 6 (1):1-17.
    In this paper, I discuss how Nietzsche’s critique of nihilism concerns the complicity between Christian morality and modern atheism. I unpack in what sense Schopenhauer’s ascetic denial of the will signifies a return to nothingness, what he calls the nihil negativum. I argue that Nietzsche’s formulation of nihilism specifically targets Schopenhauer’s pessimism as the culmination of the Western metaphysical tradition, the crucial stage of its intellectual history in which the scientific pursuit of truth finally unveils the ascetic will to nothingness (...)
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  47. Schopenhauer's Theory of Science.Timothy Stoll - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. pp. 53–67.
    This chapter looks at Schopenhauer’s philosophy of science. In particular, it examines Schopenhauer’s conception of scientific explanation and his argument that this mode of explanation is essentially incapable of yielding understanding of the world. In so doing, the chapter considers relations between Schopenhauer’s views and modern debates over mechanism that occupied such figures as Leibniz, Newton, and Kant. It also considers Schopenhauer’s conception of explanation in light of modern rationalist theories of understanding. The chapter concludes by examining and assessing Schopenhauer’s (...)
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  48. Schopenhauer's Aesthetic Ideology.Michel-Antoine Xhignesse - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian Mind. New York: Routledge. pp. 127-40.
    Schopenhauer’s aesthetics is perhaps the best-known aspect of his thinking, but much of that impact has been the indirect result of his influence on particular artists such as Mahler and Wagner. This chapter traces the foundations of Schopenhauer’s aesthetics in Plato’s doctrine of Forms (Ideas). Despite the tension between Plato’s pluralist and Schopenhauer’s monist ontologies, Schopenhauer’s aesthetics is permeated with concern for the role of Platonic Ideas in shaping our creation and engagement with art, from his distinction between subjective and (...)
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  49. A Simbiose Entre Filosofia E Ciência: as possibilidades em Arthur Schopenhauer.Ramonn Alves - 2022 - REVISTA APOENA - Periódico dos Discentes de Filosofia da UFPA 4 (7):23.
    Esta pesquisa tem o interesse em destacar alguns aspectos específicos da filosofia de Arthur Schopenhauer, em particular a recepção e o uso das ciências naturais em conjunto com sua Metafísica da Vontade. O trabalho enfoca inicialmente os aspectos da formação científica do filósofo, adquirida em Göttingen, onde ele tem contato com vários naturalistas de sua época, que se dedicam ao estudo e a pesquisa de diversos campos das ciências empíricas. A questão que se coloca no texto é: compreender como o (...)
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  50. "Schopenhauer's Jokes and Nietzsche's Riddles: Toward a Morphology of Laughter".Glen Baier - 2022 - In Michael McNeal & Paul Kirkland (eds.), Joy and Laughter in Nietzsche’s Political Philosophy: Alternative Liberatory Politics. London, UK: pp. 123-142.
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