Results for 'Reviewed by David M. Adams'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  55
    David S. Oderberg and Jacqueline A. Laing, human lives: Critical essays on consequentialist bioethics.Reviewed by David M. Adams - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  54
    Book review: Janet L. Dolgin. Families: Law, gender and difference and defining the family: Law, technology, and reproduction in an uneasy age. By new York: New York university press, 1997. And David M. Estlund and Martha C. Nussbaum. Sex, preference, and family: Essays in law and nature. New York: Oxford university press, 1997. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):254-256.
  3.  43
    Book review: Janet L. Dolgin. Families: Law, gender and difference and defining the family: Law, technology, and reproduction in an uneasy age. By new York: New York university press, 1997. And David M. Estlund and Martha C. Nussbaum. Sex, preference, and family: Essays in law and nature. New York: Oxford university press, 1997. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):254-256.
  4.  33
    Clinical Ethics Consultation and Physician Assisted Suicide.David M. Adams - 2015 - In Michael Cholbi & Jukka Varelius (eds.), New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 93-115.
    In this paper I attempt to address what appears to be a novel theoretical and practical problem concerning physician-assisted suicide (PAS). This problem arises out of a newly created set of circumstances in which persons are hospitalized in jurisdictions where PAS, though now legally available to patients, remains morally contentious. When moral disagreements over PAS come to divide physicians, patients, and family members, it is quite likely they will today find their way to the hospital’s consulting ethicist, a member of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  27
    Consensus, Clinical Decision Making, and Unsettled Cases.David M. Adams & William J. Winslade - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (4):310-327.
    The model of clinical ethics consultation (CEC) defended in the ASBH Core Competencies report has gained significant traction among scholars and healthcare providers. On this model, the aim of CEC is to facilitate deliberative reflection and thereby resolve conflicts and clarify value uncertainty by invoking and pursuing a process of consensus building. It is central to the model that the facilitated consensus falls within a range of allowable options, defined by societal values: prevailing legal requirements, widely endorsed organizational policies, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  6.  13
    ""The role of the clinical ethics consultant in" unsettled" cases.David M. Adams - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (4):328-334.
    In this article I take up a central question posed by the article jointly authored with Bill Winslade in this issue of JCE: What should be the role of clinical ethics consultants (CECs) in (what we call) an unsettled case: that is, a situation in which the range of allowable choices, among which the parties to a bioethical disagreement must select, cannot be clearly or completely specified? I argue here that CECs should, in such cases, guide the parties by presenting (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  7.  11
    Clinical Ethics and Professional Integrity: A Comment on the ASBH Code.David M. Adams - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-11.
    _The Code of Ethics and Professional Responsibilities for Healthcare Ethics Consultants_ instructs clinical ethics consultants to preserve their professional integrity by “not engaging in activities that involve giving an ethical justification or stamp of approval to practices they believe are inconsistent with agreed-upon standards” (ASBH, 2014, p. 2). This instruction reflects a larger model of how to address value uncertainty and moral conflict in healthcare, and it brings up some intriguing and as yet unanswered questions—ones that the drafters of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  19
    Review: The Human Eros: Eco-Ontology and the Aesthetics of Existence By Thomas M. Alexander. [REVIEW]Review by: David L. Hildebrand - 2014 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 50 (2):308-313,.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Belief and Death: Capital Punishment and the Competence-for-Execution Requirement.David M. Adams - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (1):17-30.
    A curious and comparatively neglected element of death penalty jurisprudence in America is my target in this paper. That element concerns the circumstances under which severely mentally disabled persons, incarcerated on death row, may have their sentences carried out. Those circumstances are expressed in a part of the law which turns out to be indefensible. This legal doctrine—competence-for-execution —holds that a condemned, death-row inmate may not be killed if, at the time of his scheduled execution, he lacks an awareness of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  10
    Taking Measure of the UN's Legacy at Seventy-Five.David M. Malone & Adam Day - 2020 - Ethics and International Affairs 34 (3):285-295.
    Over the past seventy-five years, the UN has evolved significantly, often in response to geopolitical dynamics and new waves of thinking. In some respects, the UN has registered remarkable achievements, stimulating a wide range of multilateral treaties, promoting significant growth of human rights, and at times playing a central role in containing and preventing large-scale armed conflict. As part of the special issue on “The United Nations at Seventy-Five: Looking Back to Look Forward,” this essay argues that the organization has (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  39
    Divided Minds and Successive Selves: Ethical Issues in Disorders of Identity and Personality, by Jennifer Radden. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996. 296 pp. $55.00. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):131-134.
  12.  37
    A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting by Christopher Meyers. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2007. 114 pp. $19.95.: 8080432. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):347-350.
  13.  20
    Review: Families: Law, Gender and Difference. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):254 - 256.
  14.  27
    Review: Fitting Punishment to Crime. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 1996 - Law and Philosophy 15 (4):407 - 415.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Exorcising Grice’s ghost: an empirical approach to studying intentional communication in animals.Simon W. Townsend, Sonja E. Koski, Richard W. Byrne, Katie E. Slocombe, Balthasar Bickel, Markus Boeckle, Ines Braga Goncalves, Judith M. Burkart, Tom Flower, Florence Gaunet, Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock, Thibaud Gruber, David A. W. A. M. Jansen, Katja Liebal, Angelika Linke, Ádám Miklósi, Richard Moore, Carel P. van Schaik, Sabine Stoll, Alex Vail, Bridget M. Waller, Markus Wild, Klaus Zuberbühler & Marta B. Manser - 2016 - Biological Reviews 3.
    Language’s intentional nature has been highlighted as a crucial feature distinguishing it from other communication systems. Specifically, language is often thought to depend on highly structured intentional action and mutual mindreading by a communicator and recipient. Whilst similar abilities in animals can shed light on the evolution of intentionality, they remain challenging to detect unambiguously. We revisit animal intentional communication and suggest that progress in identifying analogous capacities has been complicated by (i) the assumption that intentional (that is, voluntary) production (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  16.  44
    Bishop Berkeley Exorcises the Infinite: Fuzzy Consequences of Strict Finitism.David M. Levy - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):511-536.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Bishop Berkeley Exorcises the Infinite: Fuzzy Consequences of Strict Finitism1 David M. Levy Introduction It all began simply enough when Molyneux asked the wonderful question whether a person born blind, now able to see, would recognize by sight what he knew by touch (Davis 1960). After George Berkeley elaborated an answer, that we learn to perceive by heuristics, the foundations ofcontemporarymathematics wereinruin. Contemporary mathematicians waved their hands and (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  32
    Bishop Berkeley Exorcises the Infinite: Fuzzy Consequences of Strict Finitism.David M. Levy - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):511-536.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Bishop Berkeley Exorcises the Infinite: Fuzzy Consequences of Strict Finitism1 David M. Levy Introduction It all began simply enough when Molyneux asked the wonderful question whether a person born blind, now able to see, would recognize by sight what he knew by touch (Davis 1960). After George Berkeley elaborated an answer, that we learn to perceive by heuristics, the foundations ofcontemporarymathematics wereinruin. Contemporary mathematicians waved their hands and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  11
    Review: Cindy Holder and David Reidy, eds., Human Rights: The Hard Questions. [REVIEW]Review by: Adam Hosein - 2015 - Ethics 125 (2):581-586,.
  19. Dynamical Models: An Alternative or Complement to Mechanistic Explanations?David M. Kaplan & William Bechtel - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):438-444.
    Abstract While agreeing that dynamical models play a major role in cognitive science, we reject Stepp, Chemero, and Turvey's contention that they constitute an alternative to mechanistic explanations. We review several problems dynamical models face as putative explanations when they are not grounded in mechanisms. Further, we argue that the opposition of dynamical models and mechanisms is a false one and that those dynamical models that characterize the operations of mechanisms overcome these problems. By briefly considering examples involving the generation (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  20.  16
    The Poverty of Networks.David M. Berry - 2008 - Theory, Culture and Society 25 (7-8):364-372.
    The use of networks as an explanatory framework is widespread in the literature that surrounds technology and information society. The three books reviewed here — The Wealth of Networks by Yochai Benkler, Decoding Liberation: The Promise of Free and Open Source Software by Samir Chopra and Scott Dexter, and The Exploit: A Theory of Networks by Alexander Galloway and Eugene Thacker — all make a claim to the novelty that networks provide to their subject matter. By looking closely at (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  82
    Argument from Expert Opinion as Legal Evidence: Critical Questions and Admissibility Criteria of Expert Testimony in the American Legal System.David M. Godden & Douglas Walton - 2006 - Ratio Juris 19 (3):261-286.
    While courts depend on expert opinions in reaching sound judgments, the role of the expert witness in legal proceedings is associated with a litany of problems. Perhaps most prevalent is the question of under what circumstances should testimony be admitted as expert opinion. We review the changing policies adopted by American courts in an attempt to ensure the reliability and usefulness of the scientific and technical information admitted as evidence. We argue that these admissibility criteria are best seen in a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  22. The Impact of Roman Catholic Moral Theology on End-of-Life Care Under the Texas Advance Directives Act.David M. Zientek - 2006 - Christian Bioethics 12 (1):65-82.
    This essay reviews the Roman Catholic moral tradition surrounding treatments at the end of life together with the challenges presented to that tradition by the Texas Advance Directives Act. The impact on Catholic health care facilities and physicians, and the way in which the moral tradition should be applied under this statute, particularly with reference to the provision dealing with conflicts over end-of-life treatments, will be critically assessed. I will argue, based on the traditional treatment of end-of-life issues, that Catholic (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  48
    Fieldwork in Familiar Places: Morality, Culture, and Philosophy.David Phillips & Michele Moody-Adams - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):436.
    This book has two principle aims. The first is to criticize moral relativism by criticizing the claim that there are deep and rationally intractable moral disagreements. The second is to develop an account of morality and moral inquiry that allows for moral objectivity of a sort that relativists would deny, without modeling moral inquiry on scientific inquiry.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  24. Sympathy and approbation in Hume and Smith: A solution to the other rational species problem.David M. Levy & Sandra J. Peart - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):331-349.
    David Hume's sympathetic principle applies to physical equals. In his account, we sympathize with those like us. By contrast, Adam Smith's sympathetic principle induces equality. We consider Hume's “other rational species” problem to see whether Smith's wider sympathetic principle would alter Hume's conclusion that “superior” beings will enslave “inferior” beings. We show that Smith introduces the notion of “generosity,” which functions as if it were Hume's justice even when there is no possibility of contract.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  25.  57
    Does Job Function Influence Ethical Reasoning? An Adapted Wason Task Application.David M. Wasieleski & James Weber - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):187 - 199.
    A review of extent business ethics research uncovered well over 200 published articles that investigated the role of job functions within a business organization as an explanatory factor of ethical or unethical behavior. While an important body of work, ethical breaches are often found to cut across job functions and involve multiple disciplines embedded in a business organization. This research seeks to explore a crossfunctional explanation for ethical reasoning by using an instrument new to business ethics research, the Wason selection (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  6
    The Impact of Complexity on Methods and Findings in Psychological Science.David M. Sanbonmatsu, Emily H. Cooley & Jonathan E. Butner - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:580111.
    The study of human behavior is severely hampered by logistical problems, ethical and legal constraints, and funding shortfalls. However, the biggest difficulty of conducting social and behavioral research is the extraordinary complexity of the study phenomena. In this article, we review the impact of complexity on research design, hypothesis testing, measurement, data analyses, reproducibility, and the communication of findings in psychological science. The systematic investigation of the world often requires different approaches because of the variability in complexity. Confirmatory testing, multi-factorial (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27. Greg Whitlock, Returning to Sils· Maria: A Commentary to Nietzsche's' Also sprach Zarathustra 'Reviewed by'.David M. Parry - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (5):377-379.
  28.  42
    Social Categories and Business Ethics.David M. Messick - 1998 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1:149-172.
    In this article, I want to draw attention to one strand ofthe complex web of processes that are involved when people group others, including themselves, into social categories. I will focus on the tendency to treat members of one's own group more favorably than nonmembers, a tendency that has been called ingroup favoritism. The structure of the article has three parts. First I will offer anevolutionary argument as to why ingroup favoritism, or something very much like it, is required by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  29.  4
    Social Categories and Business Ethics.David M. Messick - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (S1):149-172.
    In this article, I want to draw attention to one strand of the complex web of processes that are involved when people group others, including themselves, into social categories. I will focus on the tendency to treat members of one’s own group more favorably than nonmembers, a tendency that has been called ingroup favoritism. The structure of the article has three parts. First I will offer an evolutionary argument as to why ingroup favoritism, or something very much like it, is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  30.  9
    On corrupt institutions.David M. C. Mitchell - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
    The literature on ‘institutional corruption’ has paradoxically missed what seems a central application of this expression, its application to institutions that are corrupt. In this article, I defend a view of what it is for an institution to be corrupt, in terms of the motivation of the institution’s rules. If an individual office-holder or role-occupant is corrupt when their actions are improperly motivated by private gain, then an institution is corrupt when the same can be said of its rules: the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Qualia Ain't in the Head Review of Ten Problems of Consciousness: A Representational Theory of the Phenomenal Mind by Michael Tye. [REVIEW]David M. Armstrong - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2:31--4.
  32. "Magic Buffalo" and Berkeley's Theory of Vision: Learning in Society.David M. Levy - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):223-226.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:"Magic Buffalo" and Berkeley's Theory ofVision: Learning in Society David M. Levy Introduction Berkeley's Theory of Vision contains the remarkable claim that the perception ofdistance is learned by experience. This thesis is rooted in Berkeley's doctrine that the physical basic of optical perception is angular. An impression of angle? impacts upon the optic nerve. The interpretative problem confronting an individual is that of reconstructing two pieces ofinformation, distance (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  17
    Gatekeepers of Reward: a Pilot Study on the Ethics of Editing and Competing Evaluations of Value.David M. Shaw & Bart Penders - 2018 - Journal of Academic Ethics 16 (3):211-223.
    The reward infrastructure in science centres on publication, in which journal editors play a key role. Reward distribution hinges on value assessments performed by editors, who draw from plural value systems to judge manuscripts. This conceptual paper examines the numerous biases and other factors that affect editorial decisions. Hybrid and often conflicting value systems contribute to an infrastructure in which editors manage reward through editorial review, commissioned commentaries and reviews and weighing of peer review judgments. Taken together, these systems and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  8
    Charter Schools and Musical Choice.David M. Hedgecoth - 2019 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 27 (2):192.
    Abstract:Over the past quarter century, charter schools have evolved from a fringe educational philosophy to a prominent academic option for American school children and their families. While the history and political positioning of charter schools have been well documented, the tenet of choice continues to be central in the debate regarding the merit of the charter alternative to traditional public schools. In this essay, I seek to dispel the notion that choice is a simple selection between binary opportunities, but rather (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. How is valid law possible?: A review of faktizität und geltung by Jürgen Habermas. [REVIEW]David M. Rasmussen - 1994 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 20 (4):21-44.
  36.  15
    Questions About Answers. [REVIEW]David M. Brown - 2006 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2):473 - 482.
    Brown reviews Ayn Rand Answers, a volume edited by Robert Mayhew, which collects many of Rand's off-the-cuff responses to the questions that followed her public talks. After surveying the book's generous sampling on topics ranging from politics to aesthetics, Brown suggests that some of Mayhew's editorial choices impair the reader's ability to fairly assess both Rand's public temperament and some of her opinions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  11
    Rights--The New Quarrel between the Ancients and the Moderns. [REVIEW]David M. Rasmussen - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (2):368-369.
    The thesis put forward by Luc Ferry in this book is the following: "If Heidegger's deconstruction of metaphysics and Strauss's critique of historicism are incontrovertible, and if, despite everything, we refuse to conclude that a 'return to the ancients' is in order... we must take up the challenge of showing how modernity may criticize itself and thus refrain from yielding to the wiles of metaphysics". It is a substantial thesis--not entirely original, but well-argued, with an interesting exegesis of Fichte's theory (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  59
    The Poverty of Networks. [REVIEW]David M. Berry - 2008 - Theory, Culture and Society 25 (7-8):364-372.
    The use of networks as an explanatory framework is widespread in the literature that surrounds technology and information society. The three books reviewed here — The Wealth of Networks by Yochai Benkler, Decoding Liberation: The Promise of Free and Open Source Software by Samir Chopra and Scott Dexter, and The Exploit: A Theory of Networks by Alexander Galloway and Eugene Thacker — all make a claim to the novelty that networks provide to their subject matter. By looking closely at (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  54
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  17
    The Conflict between U.S. Patent Protection and Technological Innovation: Analysis and Problem Solving by Means of the Integrated Causal Model for Innovated Ethic.Wade M. Chumney, David M. Wasieleski & E. Günter Schumacher - 2017 - Business and Society Review 122 (4):531-555.
    Criticisms of patent laws for technological innovations in the United States reveal a multifaceted milieu of problems centered around the protection of short-term economic gain and individual property rights. In this article, we consider this a conflict between current patent laws and the innovation capabilities of organizations. We propose a solution that enables the company to assure its long-term survival in the face of these restrictions. This presumes that the firm will at least maintain its innovation capacities while preserving the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  34
    Bergson’s philosophical method: At the edge of phenomenology and mathematics.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (1):85-101.
    This article highlights the mathematical structure of Henri Bergson’s method. While Bergson has been historically interpreted as an anti-scientific and irrationalist philosopher, he modeled his philosophical methodology on the infinitesimal calculus developed by Leibniz and Newton in the seventeenth century. His philosophy, then, rests on the science of number, at least from a methodological standpoint. By looking at how he conscripted key mathematical concepts into his philosophy, this article invites us to re-imagine Bergson’s place in the history of Western philosophy.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  37
    The Problem of the Incomplete Attempt.M. Adams David - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (3):317-343.
  43.  8
    What is Enlightenment? Religion and the Rise of Capitalism_, by Benjamin M. Friedman. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2021, xv, 534 pp., $37.50 (hb), ISBN: 978–0593317983; $20.00 (pb), ISBN 978-0593311097 [also available as an Ebook] _The Enlightenment: The Pursuit of Happiness, 1680-1790, by Ritchie Robertson. London, Allen Lane, 2020, xxi, 984 pp., £40.00 (hb), ISBN: 978-024-1004821 [also published in New York under the Harper imprint]. [REVIEW]David Harris Sacks - 2024 - Intellectual History Review 34 (2):457-469.
    Although both books discussed in this review essay address problems with relevance to our present day and its dilemmas, they have different chronological scopes and employ different methods of interpretation. Robertson focuses exclusively on the era of the “Enlightenment” (c. 1680–1790), eschewing overt “presentism” to treat a wide range of authors and works as they addressed one another in the context of the events and developments of the period, mainly in Britain, France, and Germany. Friedman's aim, emphasizing the role of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  30
    An Intellectual History of Liberalism. [REVIEW]David M. Gallagher - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):933-934.
    This volume is the third in a new series which makes available the writings of the new French liberals, of whom Pierre Manent represents a leading figure. These thinkers come to grips with modern liberal democracy, not in order to replace it, but in order to understand its origins, its history, its internal tendencies, its strengths, its pitfalls. This is a refreshing movement, insofar as it attempts to understand philosophically the modern political situation without either dismissing it in the light (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  86
    Human Emotions: An Evolutionary Psychological Perspective.Laith Al-Shawaf, Daniel Conroy-Beam, Kelly Asao & David M. Buss - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):173-186.
    Evolutionary approaches to the emotions have traditionally focused on a subset of emotions that are shared with other species, characterized by distinct signals, and designed to solve a few key adaptive problems. By contrast, an evolutionary psychological approach broadens the range of adaptive problems emotions have evolved to solve, includes emotions that lack distinctive signals and are unique to humans, and synthesizes an evolutionary approach with an information-processing perspective. On this view, emotions are superordinate mechanisms that evolved to coordinate the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  46.  21
    The Impact of Ethical Tools on Aggressiveness in Financial Reporting.Brian M. Nagle, David M. Wasieleski & Stephen Rau - 2012 - Business and Society Review 117 (4):477-513.
    The proposed adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in the United States has ignited a debate as to whether the principles‐based nature of these standards better serves the interests of investors. While it is argued that these principled‐based standards will encourage more transparent financial reporting than the current rules‐based U.S. standards, critics argue that IFRS will invite more aggressive financial reporting through the liberal exercising of professional judgment. This empirical study aims to understand what individual and organizational factors may (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis.David C. Whitcomb, Jessica LaRusch, Alyssa M. Krasinskas, Lambertus Klei, Jill P. Smith, Randall E. Brand, John P. Neoptolemos, Markus M. Lerch, Matt Tector, Bimaljit S. Sandhu, Nalini M. Guda, Lidiya Orlichenko, Samer Alkaade, Stephen T. Amann, Michelle A. Anderson, John Baillie, Peter A. Banks, Darwin Conwell, Gregory A. Coté, Peter B. Cotton, James DiSario, Lindsay A. Farrer, Chris E. Forsmark, Marianne Johnstone, Timothy B. Gardner, Andres Gelrud, William Greenhalf, Jonathan L. Haines, Douglas J. Hartman, Robert A. Hawes, Christopher Lawrence, Michele Lewis, Julia Mayerle, Richard Mayeux, Nadine M. Melhem, Mary E. Money, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Georgios I. Papachristou, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Joseph Romagnuolo, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Stuart Sherman, Peter Simon, Vijay P. Singh, Adam Slivka, Donna Stolz, Robert Sutton, Frank Ulrich Weiss, C. Mel Wilcox, Narcis Octavian Zarnescu, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Michael R. O'Connell, Michelle L. Kienholz, Kathryn Roeder & M. Micha Barmada - unknown
    Pancreatitis is a complex, progressively destructive inflammatory disorder. Alcohol was long thought to be the primary causative agent, but genetic contributions have been of interest since the discovery that rare PRSS1, CFTR and SPINK1 variants were associated with pancreatitis risk. We now report two associations at genome-wide significance identified and replicated at PRSS1-PRSS2 and X-linked CLDN2 through a two-stage genome-wide study. The PRSS1 variant likely affects disease susceptibility by altering expression of the primary trypsinogen gene. The CLDN2 risk allele is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  12
    Visualizing Tree Structures in Genetic Programming.Jason M. Daida, Adam M. Hilss, David J. Ward & Stephen L. Long - 2005 - Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 6.
    This paper presents methods to visualize the structure of trees that occur in genetic programming. These methods allow for the inspection of structure of entire trees even though several thousands of nodes may be involved. The methods also scale to allow for the inspection of structure for entire populations and for complete trials even though millions of nodes may be involved. Examples are given that demonstrate how this new way of “seeing” can afford a potentially rich way of understanding dynamics (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  32
    John Adams, by David McCullough.Gertrude M. White - 2001 - The Chesterton Review 27 (4):533-536.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  29
    Determination of Death by Neurologic Criteria in the United States: The Case for Revising the Uniform Determination of Death Act.Ariane Lewis, Richard J. Bonnie, Thaddeus Pope, Leon G. Epstein, David M. Greer, Matthew P. Kirschen, Michael Rubin & James A. Russell - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S4):9-24.
    Although death by neurologic criteria is legally recognized throughout the United States, state laws and clinical practice vary concerning three key issues: the medical standards used to determine death by neurologic criteria, management of family objections before determination of death by neurologic criteria, and management of religious objections to declaration of death by neurologic criteria. The American Academy of Neurology and other medical stakeholder organizations involved in the determination of death by neurologic criteria have undertaken concerted action to address variation (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000