Business Ethics

Edited by Joakim Sandberg (University of Gothenburg)
About this topic
Summary Business ethics is the application of ethical theories and concepts to activity within and between commercial enterprises, and between commercial enterprises and their broader environment. It is a wide range of activity, and no brief list can be made of the issues it raises. The safety of working practices; the fairness of recruitment; the transparency of financial accounting; the promptness of payments to suppliers; the degree of permissible aggression between competitors: all come within the range of the subject. So do relations between businesses and consumers, local communities, national governments, and ecosystems. Many, but not all, of these issues can be understood to bear on distinct, recognized groups with their own stakes in a business: employees, shareholders, consumers, and so on. A central question concerns how businesses ought to weigh the interests of different stakeholders against each other; particularly what moral import to give to profit-making (presumably in the interest of shareholders in large corporations).
Key works Much of business ethics starts from Milton Friedman's provocative article "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Profits" (reprinted in Snoeyenbos et al 2001, Jennings 2002, ...). Some well-cited expressions of alternative views are Freeman 1994...
Introductions Some introductions by Snoeyenbos et al 2001, Shaw 2002.
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  1. The Metrics of Ethics and the Ethics of Metrics.Gazi Islam & Michelle Greenwood - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-5.
    Metrics shape our social worlds in many and more ways. Everyday quantifications of our preferences, our behaviors and our relationships, alter us and the institutions that we constitute. This essay takes a brief look at the metrics of business ethics through two analytic devices. Representation explains the notion that metrics can capture or demonstrate ethics and performativity explains the notion that metrics can shape or constitute ethics. The analytic distinction between representation and performativity is obscured in practice when metrics become (...)
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  2. Vanishing Boycott Impetus: Why and How Consumer Participation in a Boycott Decreases Over Time.Wassili Lasarov, Stefan Hoffmann & Ulrich Orth - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-26.
    Media reports that a company behaves in a socially nonresponsible manner frequently result in consumer participation in a boycott. As time goes by, however, the number of consumers participating in the boycott starts dwindling. Yet, little is known on why individual participation in a boycott declines and what type of consumer is more likely to stop boycotting earlier rather than later. Integrating research on drivers of individual boycott participation with multi-stage models and the hot/cool cognition system, suggests a “heat-up” phase (...)
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  3. Active First Movers vs. Late Free-Riders? An Empirical Analysis of UN PRI Signatories’ Commitment.Tobias Bauckloh, Stefan Schaltegger, Sebastian Utz, Sebastian Zeile & Bernhard Zwergel - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-35.
    Joining voluntary thematic initiatives can be a means for firms to legitimate their business activities. However, a lack of review mechanisms could create incentives for free-riding. This might lead to a lower commitment to the initiative’s principles, and endanger its credibility and its members’ legitimacy benefits. Whether members of voluntary initiatives take advantage of the opportunity to free-ride has not been analyzed empirically so far. To fill this research gap, we investigate from an institutional theory perspective the actual implementation behavior (...)
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  4. How to Evaluate Managerial Nudges.Grant J. Rozeboom - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-14.
    A central reason to worry that managers should not use nudges to influence employees is that doing so fails to treat employees as rational and/or autonomous. Recent nudge defenders have marshaled a powerful line of response against this worry: in general, nudges treat us as the kind of RA agents we are, because nudges are apt to enhance our limited capacities for RA agency by improving our decision-making environments. Applied to managerial nudges, this would mean that when managers nudge their (...)
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  5. The EThIC Model of Virtue-Based Allyship Development: A New Approach to Equity and Inclusion in Organizations.Meg A. Warren & Michael T. Warren - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-21.
    As organizations take on grand challenges in gender equality, anti-racism, LGBTQ+ protections and workplace inclusion, many well-intentioned individuals from dominant groups are stepping forward as allies toward underrepresented or marginalized group members. Past research and guidance assume an inevitable need for external motivation, reflected in the ‘business case’ for diversity and in top-down policies to drive equity and inclusion efforts. This qualitative study explored internal motivations in the form of morally motivated virtues of 25 peer-nominated exemplary allies serving in leadership (...)
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  6. Kant on Remote Working: A Moral Defence.Fausto Corvino - 2021 - Philosophy of Management:1-15.
    In this article I maintain that when employers could free workers from the space constraint of the office without incurring unbearable economic losses, it is morally wrong not to grant workers the possibility to work remotely, as this violates the humanity formulation of Kant’s categorical imperative. The article therefore aims to contribute to the development of Kantian business ethics, taking into account a series of empirical evidence gathered in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. I firstly discuss the Kantian concept (...)
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  7. Trust and Contracting: Evidence from Church Sex Scandals.Gilles Hilary & Sterling Huang - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-22.
    Firms located in communities in which people are, on average, more trusting enjoy some benefits in terms of the power of CEO contracts. We present two pieces of empirical evidence to support this claim: higher average trust in a county is associated with “flatter” executive contracts and when an exogenous shock occurs, both trust and contracting move in similar directions. We obtain the first result in a panel specification and the second in a “difference-in-difference” specification that uses the revelation of (...)
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  8. Social Media as a Form of Virtual Whistleblowing: Empirical Evidence for Elements of the Diamond Model.Hengky Latan, Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour & Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):529-548.
    This article originally advances the field of organizational whistleblowing by empirically investigating the suitability of the four elements of the fraud diamond as a means to understand the intention to disclose wrongdoing through virtual channels. This article also makes a contribution on the theme of whistleblowing as it relates to customers, an under-studied, however, relevant stakeholder in this field. The main findings of the article are as follows: the four elements of the fraud diamond as they relate to whistleblowing—a combination (...)
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  9. A Social Mission is Not Enough: Reflecting the Normative Foundations of Social Entrepreneurship.Ignas Bruder - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):487-505.
    Social entrepreneurship is not just an objective description of a phenomenon; it also carries a positive normative connotation. However, the academic discourse barely reflects social entrepreneurship’s inherent normativity and often grounds it implicitly on the mission of a social enterprise. In this paper, we argue critically that it is insufficient to ground social entrepreneurship’s inherent normativity on a social mission. Instead, we will show how such a mission-centric conception of social entrepreneurship, when put into practice, is prone to enhance rather (...)
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  10. Do Banks Value Borrowers' Environmental Record? Evidence from Financial Contracts.I.-Ju Chen, Iftekhar Hasan, Chih-Yung Lin & Tra Ngoc Vy Nguyen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):687-713.
    Banks play a unique role in society. They not only maximize profits but also consider the interests of stakeholders. We investigate whether banks consider firms’ pollution records in their lending decisions. The evidence shows that banks offer significantly higher loan spreads, higher total borrowing costs, shorter loan maturities, and greater collateral to firms with higher levels of chemical pollution. The costly effects are stronger for borrowers with greater risk and weaker corporate governance. Further, the results show that banks with higher (...)
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  11. The Effects of Spirituality and Religiosity on the Ethical Judgment in Organizations.Faisal Alshehri, Marianna Fotaki & Saleema Kauser - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):567-593.
    Despite the obvious link between spirituality, religiosity and ethical judgment, a definition for the nature of this relationship remains elusive due to conceptual and methodological limitations. To address these, we propose an integrative Spiritual-based model derived from categories presumed to be universal across religions and cultural contexts, to guide future business ethics research on religiosity. This article aims to empirically test in the context of Islam. It examines how different Muslims' views of God influence their ethical judgments in organizations, and (...)
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  12. What You Get is What You See: Other-Rated but not Self-Rated Leaders’ Narcissistic Rivalry Affects Followers Negatively.Theresa Fehn & Astrid Schütz - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):549-566.
    Individuals with high levels of narcissism often ascend to leadership positions. Whereas there is evidence that narcissism is linked to unethical behavior and negative social outcomes, the effects of leader narcissism on an organization’s most important resource—its employees—have not yet been studied thoroughly. Using theoretical assumptions of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Concept and social exchange theories, we examined how leaders’ narcissistic rivalry was related to follower outcomes in a sample of matched leaders and followers. Followers of leaders high in (...)
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  13. Integrating CSR with Business Strategy: A Tension Management Perspective.Jaakko Siltaloppi, Risto Rajala & Henri Hietala - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):507-527.
    Integrating corporate social responsibility into a for-profit organization’s business activities is fraught with tensions. This paper reports a case study of a construction company, exploring how different tensions emerged to challenge company-level aspirations for strategic CSR integration. The study identifies three types of persistent CSR tensions and four management practices, discussing how the management practices led the organization to navigate CSR tensions in both active and defensive ways. Furthermore, the study explicates why the case company succeeded in integrating CSR into (...)
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  14. The Role of Mutual Funds in Corporate Social Responsibility.Zhichuan Frank Li, Saurin Patel & Srikanth Ramani - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):715-737.
    This paper examines the role of mutual funds in corporate social responsibility. Using a fund-level, holdings-based CSR score, we find that CSR-friendly mutual funds improve firms’ CSR standings. This effect is more pronounced for firms with higher mutual fund ownership and stronger corporate governance. We further show that while CSR-friendly mutual funds have influence on almost all CSR categories, they focus on increasing CSR strengths rather than reducing CSR concerns. We also discover that CSR-friendly funds are more likely to vote (...)
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  15. Progressive and Rational CSR as Catalysts of New Product Introductions.Maria Jose Murcia - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):613-627.
    Whereas extant literature has examined the overall effect of corporate social responsibility on innovation, it is argued that CSR is a multidimensional concept encompassing both progressive activities concerning a firm’s engagement in the social domain, as well as rational aspects pertaining to corporate governance practices and the protection of shareholder rights. This study integrates organizational hypocrisy with the knowledge-based view literatures to examine how different forms of CSR engagement affect the rate of new product introductions. Results suggest that the mechanisms (...)
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  16. Incumbent Stakeholder Management Performance and New Entry.André Laplume, Kent Walker, Zhou Zhang & Xin Yu - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):629-644.
    Instrumental stakeholder theory seeks to explain how managing stakeholders effectively can yield competitive advantage for incumbent firms. We extend instrumental stakeholder theory to explain and predict future competition operationalized as new entrepreneurial entries. Our study is among the first to empirically examine the relationships between aggregate stakeholder management performance and the entrepreneurial entries of individuals. Using a combined U.S. dataset from 2003 to 2013 from the Kinder, Lydenberg and Domini Index, Compustat, and Kauffman’s Entrepreneurship Survey, we find support for three (...)
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  17. Leader-Expressed Humility Predicting Team Psychological Safety: A Personality Dynamics Lens.Arménio Rego, Ana I. Melo, Dustin J. Bluhm, Miguel Pina E. Cunha & Dálcio Reis Júnior - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):669-686.
    In an application of the personality dynamics framework, we advance understanding on the relationship between baseline leader humility and team psychological safety by exploring the roles of humility variability and attractor strength. Specifically, we examine how the consistency of leader-expressed humility across team members operates as a boundary condition in the relationship between leader-expressed humility and team psychological safety. We also explore how the agreement between leader self-reported humility and leader-expressed humility operates as an attractor to predict such a consistency. (...)
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  18. CSR and Family CEO: The Moderating Role of CEO’s Age.Olivier Meier & Guillaume Schier - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):595-612.
    This study examines to what extent different types of CEOs in family firms influence external and internal stakeholder-related CSP as compared to CEOs in nonfamily firms. Linking family CEO and nonfamily CEO with CSR outcomes, we provide evidence that family CEOs are positively associated with both external and internal CSR, whereas nonfamily CEOs within family firms tend to be negatively associated with both external and internal CSR. We show that the incumbent CEO’s age moderates the above relationships, indicating the existence (...)
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  19. Workplace Spirituality and Experienced Incivility at Work: Modeling Dark Triad as a Moderator.Madhu Lata & Richa Chaudhary - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):645-667.
    Management scholars view workplace spirituality as an effective means of improving employee well-being and organizational productivity. However, a spiritual work environment may also be beneficial for controlling employees’ experiences of uncivil behaviors in the workplace. Drawing on conservation of resources theory and cognitive appraisal theory, we proposed and explored the linkage between workplace spirituality and incivility experienced from supervisors and colleagues in the workspace. We also investigated the moderating effect of the dark triad on the relationship. The data collected from (...)
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  20. We Hold Ourselves Accountable: A Relational View of Team Accountability.Virginia R. Stewart, Deirdre G. Snyder & Chia-Yu Kou - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-22.
    Accountability is of universal interest to the business ethics community, but the emphasis to date has been primarily at the level of the industry, organization, or key individuals. This paper unites concepts from relational and felt accountability and team dynamics to provide an initial explanatory framework that emphasizes the importance of social interactions to team accountability. We develop a measure of team accountability using participants in the USA and Europe and then use it to study a cohort of 65 teams (...)
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  21. Responses to Ethical Scenarios: The Impact of Trade-Off Salience on Competing Construal Level Effects.Nelson Borges Amaral & Jinfeng Jiao - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    This research investigates the importance of trade-off salience in understanding how variations in consumers’ construal levels can influence moral judgments. Across five experiments, trade-offs are implied and explicitly made salient, and construal levels are manipulated by altering temporal distance and perceptual fluency, and by using a well-established cognitive method. Consistent with prior research, we demonstrate that higher construal levels can reduce anticipated unethical behavior, when trade-offs are not salient, by making higher-level moral values more prominent. When trade-offs are salient, however, (...)
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  22. In Bounds but Out of the Box: A Meta-Analysis Clarifying the Effect of Ethicality on Creativity.Christopher Winchester & Kelsey E. Medeiros - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-31.
    The pervasiveness of unethical actions paired with the rising demand for creativity in organizations has contributed to an increased interest in how ethicality and creativity relate. However, there are mixed findings on whether these two fundamental pillars of the workplace relate positively, negatively, or not at all. To provide an empirical consensus to this debate, we study the directional effects of ethicality on creativity by employing meta-analytic techniques. Specifically, a series of meta-regressions, moderated meta-regressions, and individual subgroup analyses of moderators (...)
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  23. Family Members’ Salience in Family Business: An Identity-Based Stakeholder Approach.Silvana Signori & Yves Fassin - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-21.
    The paper builds on the stakeholder salience framework and applies a social identity approach to explain family firm dynamics and how these could impact on family firm governance and ethics. In particular, we consider the family as the main stakeholder for family firms and we refer to the recent approaches to stakeholder theory based on ‘names-and-faces’ and on social identity to focus on family members at the individual and organizational level. Family businesses offer an opportunity to study stakeholder salience in (...)
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  24. Does Corporate Social Responsibility Affect Generation Z Purchase Intention in the Food Industry.Man Chung Wong - forthcoming - Asian Journal of Business Ethics.
    Corporate social responsibility becomes more and more prevalent in the business world and is considered as one of the factors to make purchase intentions by customers. Thus, corporations are obliged to implement CSR initiatives to attract their customers. Generation Z is born in the world with the internet and social media. They are more able to handle technology and reply on the internet or social media to receive or search for information. They are more concerned with social issues or environmental (...)
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  25. Developing Ethical Sensitivity in Future Accounting Practitioners: The Case of a Dialogic Learning for Final-Year Undergraduates.Janie Bérubé & Yves Gendron - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-19.
    For many years questions have been posed about the way ethics is taught in accounting education. The teaching of ethics is often criticized for emphasizing the legal dimension to the detriment of the moral one, among other reasons. This case study focuses on an accounting course intended to develop and stimulate students’ critical thinking on accounting and its role in daily life. The investigation is based on an empirical study that took place in the 2015–2016 academic year, when the first (...)
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  26. Corporate Code of Conduct: A Kantian Opportunity.Aliakbar Mehdizadeh - manuscript
    The moral issues that occur for for-profit corporations are a unique function of many internal and external factors, including corporate policies, business regulations, and business governance's economic and political system. Several possible theoretical frameworks prescribe behavioral norms and standards of conduct to companies, such as utilitarianism, deontological ethics, or virtue ethics. This study investigates whether Kantian moral philosophy can provide pragmatic solutions for developing a corporate code of conduct. We describe our examinations and share our findings in developing a semi-Kantian (...)
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  27. Shared Responsibility and Labor Rights in Global Supply Chains.Yossi Dahan, Hanna Lerner & Faina Milman-Sivan - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    The article presents a novel normative model of shared responsibility for remedying unjust labor conditions and protecting workers’ rights in global supply chains. While existing literature on labor governance in the globalized economy tends to focus on empirical and conceptual investigations, the article contributes to the emerging scholarship by proposing moral justifications for labor governance schemes that go beyond voluntary private regulations and include public enforcement mechanisms. Drawing on normative theories of justice and on empirical-legal research, our Labor Model of (...)
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  28. Financial Accountability and Religious Sentiments: The Case of Sukuk Bond.Ismail Adelopo, Ibrahim Rufai & Moshood Bello - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-24.
    This study bridged the gap in the literature by exploring the overlaps between public financial accountability and religious sentiments. Previous studies have considered accountability in specific religions and religious organisations through the expositions of their application of accounting concepts and procedures. However, the ways in which religious sentiments affect public accountability are rarely researched. Yet, religion and religious sentiments play central roles in the lived experiences of many people and affect their decisions and perceptions. We used the issuance of Sukuk (...)
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  29. Self-repair in the Workplace: A Qualitative Investigation.Kenneth D. Butterfield, Warren Cook, Natalie Liberman & Jerry Goodstein - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-20.
    Despite widespread interest in the topic of moral repair in the business ethics literature and in the workplace, little is currently known about moral repair with regard to the self—i.e., how and why individuals repair themselves in the aftermath of harming others within workplace contexts and what factors may influence the success of self-repair. We conducted a qualitative study in the context of health care organizations to develop an inductive model of self-repair in the workplace. Our findings reveal a set (...)
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  30. Dark Triad Personality Traits and Selective Hedging.Matthias Pelster, Annette Hofmann, Nina Klocke & Sonja Warkulat - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-26.
    We study the relationship between risk managers’ dark triad personality traits and their selective hedging activities. Using a primary survey of 412 professional risk managers, we find that managers with dark personality traits are more likely to engage in selective hedging than those without. This effect is particularly pronounced for older, male, and less experienced risk managers. The effect is also stronger in smaller firms, less centralized risk management departments, and family-owned firms.
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  31. Luxury Ethical Consumers: Who Are They?Joëlle Vanhamme, Adam Lindgreen & Gülen Sarial-Abi - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-34.
    Building on a model of the biological, socio-psychological, and structural drivers of luxury consumption, this article explores when and why luxury consumers consider ethics in their luxury consumption practices, to identify differences in their ethical and ethical luxury consumption. The variables proposed to explain these differences derive from biological, socio-psychological, and structural drivers, namely, consumers’ age, ethicality, human values, motivations, and assumptive world. A cluster analysis of a sample of 706 U.S. adult luxury consumers reveals five segments of luxury consumers, (...)
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  32. The Role of Authentic (Vs. Hubristic) Pride in Leveraging the Effectiveness of Cost Transparency.Felix Septianto, Joya A. Kemper, Fandy Tjiptono & Widya Paramita - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):423-439.
    In the era of consumer distrust of corporations, transparency is becoming a must rather than an option. While prior research has explored why businesses should disclose their costs and how consumers may react to such cost transparency, it is still unclear how marketers can best communicate cost transparency. The present research offers a practical examination of how and when cost transparency is effective, specifically, by examining the moderating role of authentic and hubristic pride on the effectiveness of cost transparency. Across (...)
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  33. The Influence of Organizations’ Tax Avoidance Practices on Consumers’ Behavior: The Role of Moral Reasoning Strategies, Political Ideology, and Brand Identification.Jorge Matute, José Luis Sánchez-Torelló & Ramon Palau-Saumell - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):369-386.
    This study adopts moral reasoning strategies to investigate why consumers support companies involved in ethical transgressions. Drawing on several cases of real multinationals publicly involved in tax avoidance practices, it aims to demonstrate that moral rationalization and moral decoupling depend not only on how consumers perceive the magnitude of the transgression, but also on their individual differences, such as political ideology and brand identification. A quantitative study with a sample of 3989 consumers of five different focal brands was employed to (...)
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  34. I Know What I Need: Optimization of Bribery.Yu Yan & Shusen Qi - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):311-332.
    Corruption has been a major obstacle to economic growth around the world. In this paper, we examine how firms interact with corrupt government officials either to minimize the impact of corruption on their operations or to maximize their benefit of paying a bribe. Our estimates show that firms know exactly what they need and use their limited resources to bribe only relevant government authorities. In other words, firms are rational bribers who know exactly what they need and optimize their bribes (...)
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  35. Effects of Advice on Auditor Whistleblowing Propensity: Do Advice Source and Advisor Reassurance Matter?El’Fred Boo, Terence Ng & Premila Gowri Shankar - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):387-402.
    We conduct an experiment to investigate the joint effects of advisor reassurance and advice source in enhancing the impact of advice on auditors’ whistleblowing propensity. Participants from a Big 4 firm assess the likelihood that a questionable act involving a superior will be reported, both before and after receiving advice. We manipulate, between-participants, the advice source and advisor reassurance on the firm’s policy on whistleblower protection, holding constant the advice recommendation. Our study is underpinned by the premise that moral agents (...)
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  36. Retracted article: Compliance as a cost-effective system of interaction between business and government.Nikolay I. Dorogov, Ivan A. Kapitonov & Nazygul T. Batyrova - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):485-485.
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  37. The Case for Compulsory Surgical Smoke Evacuation Systems in the Operating Theatre.Daniel Rodger - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics.
    Perioperative staff are frequently exposed to surgical smoke created by using heat-generating devices like diathermy and lasers. This is a concern due to mounting evidence that this exposure can be harmful with no safe level of exposure yet identified. First, I briefly summarise the problem posed by surgical smoke exposure and highlight that many healthcare organisations are not sufficiently satisfying their legal and ethical responsibilities to protect their staff from potential harm. Second, I explore the ethical case for compulsory smoke (...)
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  38. Big Tech Corporations and AI: A Social License to Operate and Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships in the Digital Age.Marianna Capasso & Steven Umbrello - manuscript
    The pervasiveness of AI-empowered technologies across multiple sectors has led to drastic changes concerning traditional social practices and how we relate to one another. Moreover, market-driven Big Tech corporations are now entering public domains, and concerns have been raised that they may even influence public agenda and research. Therefore, this chapter focuses on assessing and evaluating what kind of business model is desirable to incentivise the AI for Social Good (AI4SG) factors. In particular, the chapter explores the implications of this (...)
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  39. Social Entrepreneur Servant Leadership and Social Venture Performance: How are They Related?Sarah Kimakwa, Jorge A. Gonzalez & Hale Kaynak - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-24.
    As a rapidly growing field of study, social entrepreneurship is increasingly receiving attention from scholars and practitioners because social ventures have the potential to contribute to economic growth and social innovation. Surprisingly, the role of leadership in social venture growth has received very limited attention. One reason for this omission may be that entrepreneurship and leadership evolved as separate domains. Applying leadership theory to social ventures can help scholars and managers understand how social entrepreneurs can manage the environmental risks, dual (...)
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  40. Business Ethics Research at the World's Leading Universities and Business Schools.Yves Fassin - forthcoming - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility.
    Business Ethics, the Environment & Responsibility, EarlyView.
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  41. Board Gender Diversity and Women in Senior Management.Pallab Kumar Biswas, Larelle Chapple, Helen Roberts & Kevin Stainback - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-22.
    This study examines the influence of women’s board representation on the proportion of women senior managers in the United Kingdom from 1999 to 2019. We take a multi-theoretic approach, drawing on the trickle-down effect, critical mass theory, and agency theory, to explore several aspects of this topic. We find that more women on boards is associated with more women in senior management as suggested by the trickle-down perspective. We also find support for a critical mass effect; while one or two (...)
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  42. Why Worry About Business Ethics?R. E. Ewin - 1992 - Perth and Melbourne: Institute of Public Affairs.
    There are many problems about business ethics. What I want to deal with is only part of the problem: I want to consider just what can properly be expected of business in general terms by way of ethical behaviour and, along with that, what is special about business ethics and how it is related to the personal morality we are all expected to exhibit in our day-to-day lives; I want to consider how it is that ethical confusions arise from people's (...)
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  43. Crossing the Red Line? Empirical Evidence and Useful Recommendations on Questionable Research Practices among Business Scholars.Hengky Latan, Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour & Murad Ali - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-21.
    Academic leaders in management from all over the world—including recent calls by the Academy of Management Shaw : 819–822, 2017)—have urged further research into the extent and use of questionable research practices. In order to provide empirical evidence on the topic of QRPs, this work presents two linked studies. Study 1 determines the level of use of QRPs based on self-admission rates and estimated prevalence among business scholars in Indonesia. It was determined that if the level of QRP use identified (...)
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  44. Mobilizing After Corporate Environmental Irresponsibility in a Community of Place: A Framing Microprocess Perspective.Valeria Cavotta, Guido Palazzo & Antonino Vaccaro - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-15.
    In this paper, we take a framing perspective to corporate environmental irresponsibility and focus it on the community of place as one among the most affected, yet rarely examined, stakeholders. In particular, we take a framing microprocess perspective, to study how interactions within a community of place affect a mobilization after corporate environmental irresponsibility. We elicit two framing microprocess, losses display and scale augmentation, and show how they significantly, though differently, affect a mobilization. In so doing, we enrich our understanding (...)
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  45. The Dark Side of Machiavellian Rhetoric: Signaling in Reward-Based Crowdfunding Performance.Goran Calic, Rene Arseneault & Maryam Ghasemaghaei - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-22.
    In this study, we explore the impact of Machiavellian rhetoric on fundraising within the increasingly important context of online crowdfunding. The “all-or-nothing” funding model used by the world’s largest crowdfunding platform, Kickstarter, may be an attractive context in which entrepreneurs can utilize Machiavellian rhetoric to reach their funding goal, lest they get no funding at all. This study uses data from 76,847 crowdfunding projects posted on kickstarter.com and develops a dictionary for computer-aided text analysis of Machiavellian rhetoric to measure the (...)
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  46. CEO Foreign Experience and Green Innovation: Evidence from China.Xiaofeng Quan, Yun Ke, Yuting Qian & Yao Zhang - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-23.
    We examine whether and how CEO foreign experience affects firm’s green innovation. Using a sample of Chinese public companies and hand-collected CEO foreign experience data, we document a positive association between CEO foreign experience and corporate green innovation. Furthermore, consistent with the view that CEOs with foreign experience would play a more significant role when provided with more resources, we find that the positive relationship is more pronounced in less financially constrained firms, in state-owned enterprises, and in less competitive industries. (...)
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  47. The Moderating Effect of Cultural Values on the Relationship Between Corporate Social Performance and Firm Performance.Wei Shi & Kevin Veenstra - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (1):89-107.
    Using two national culture dimensions, we show that the influence of firms’ corporate social performance on corporate financial performance hinges on culture. Specifically, CFP is higher in those firms where CSR initiatives are congruent with the cultural environment. CSP has a negative impact on CFP for those firms domiciled in countries which are individualistic and favor flexibility. These findings are amplified for those firms with low levels of foreign influence in terms of institutional ownership and sales. Using a dataset covering (...)
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  48. Good Barrels Yield Healthy Apples: Organizational Ethics as a Mechanism for Mitigating Work-Related Stress and Promoting Employee Well-Being.Charles H. Schwepker, Sean R. Valentine, Robert A. Giacalone & Mark Promislo - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (1):143-159.
    Little is known about how ethical organizational contexts influence employees’ perceived stress levels and well-being. This study used two theoretical lenses, ethical impact theory and ethical decision-making theory : 755–776, 2016), to investigate the relationships among perceived organizational ethics, work-related stress, and employee well-being. Findings across two studies indicated that organizational ethics was negatively related to work-related stress, and that work-related stress was negatively related to employee well-being. Perceived organizational ethics is positively related to employee well-being, with post hoc mediation (...)
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  49. Female Audit Partners and Extended Audit Reporting: UK Evidence.Tarek Abdelfattah, Mohamed Elmahgoub & Ahmed A. Elamer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (1):177-197.
    This study investigates whether audit partner gender is associated with the extent of auditor disclosure and the communication style regarding risks of material misstatements that are classified as key audit matters. Using a sample of UK firms during the 2013–2017 period, our results suggest that female audit partners are more likely than male audit partners to disclose more KAMs with more details after controlling for both client and audit firm attributes. Furthermore, female audit partners are found to use a less (...)
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  50. Culture and Multiple Firm–Bank Relationships: A Matter of Secrecy and Trust?Fotios Pasiouras, Elie Bouri, David Roubaud & Emilios Galariotis - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (1):221-249.
    This study examines the impact of trust and a national culture of secretiveness on the number of bank relationships per firm. We hypothesize that the degree of openness of a firm and trust between economic agents may influence the willingness of the firm to release sensitive information to its lenders, as well as the decision between maintaining single or multiple bank relationships. Using a sample of over 8000 non-financial firms operating in 12 countries from the eurozone we provide evidence that (...)
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