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1776 found
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  1. Tell-Tale Signs of Pseudoskepticism (Bogus Skepticism).Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet - manuscript
    Pseudoskepticism, which typically is portraying someone's work as despicable with scientifically unsound polemics, is a modern day threat to the traditional standard of discussion in science and popular science. This essay gives seven tell-tale signs by which pseudoskepticism can be recognized.
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  2. Good reasons for obscure writing?Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I identify two seemingly good reasons for obscure writing, one to do with avoiding plagiarism or near-plagiarism (which I have identified before), and the other to do with avoiding attracting readers who prefer accessible writing but nevertheless have no space for you in the structure of roles they envisage.
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  3. Problems with moving the University of Manchester up a level: ask local historians!Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    A document circulated amongst University of Manchester staff asks, “Can top down management make our university great?” From time to time, a department becomes world leading, but there are internal or external obstacles to stabilizing at that level, sometimes both, which are not about sheer academic difficulty. I examine a case from social anthropology involving the popular classicist Mary Beard. One lesson from it is: expect rights violations!
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  4. Restoring Integrity to the Academy: Some Sweeping Suggestions for Wholesale Change.Joseph S. Fulda - manuscript
    Note that this paper is 35 pages, and had been replaced in many places w/ a draft w/o authorization. -/- The academy, broadly construed to include faculty, administrators at all levels, and editors, referees, and publishers of academic work, is beset by more ills bespeaking of a fundamental lack of integrity than can possibly be enumerated in a single monograph; nevertheless, as the need is urgent, and everyone seems to prefer either silence or piecemeal treatments, myself heretofore included, five ills (...)
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  5. Isaac Newton vs. Robert Hooke on the law of universal gravitation.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    One of the most disputed controversy over the priority of scientific discoveries is that of the law of universal gravitation, between Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke. Hooke accused Newton of plagiarism, of taking over his ideas expressed in previous works. In this paper I try to show, on the basis of previous analysis, that both scientists were wrong: Robert Hooke because his theory was basically only ideas that would never have materialized without Isaac Newton's mathematical support; and the latter was (...)
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  6. What is Media Ethics ? (Marathi Version).Shriniwas श्रीनिवास Hemade हेमाडे - October 2014 - Daily Loksatta, A Indian Express Publication, Mumbai. Tattvabhan- The Philosophical Consciousness:08.
    What is Media Ethics ? Read in Marathi. पत्रकारिता या व्यवसायाचे स्वरूप एका चमत्कारिक विरोधाभासाने भरलेले आहे. तो असा की, पत्रकारिता ही पूर्णपणे खासगी नोकरी असते आणि माध्यमे हे खासगी क्षेत्र असते. पण त्यांचा चिंतन विषय मात्र निखळ सामाजिक असतो.
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  7. How to Deal with Kant's Racism—In and Out of the Classroom.Victor Fabian Abundez-Guerra - forthcoming - Teaching Philosophy.
    The question of how we should engage with a philosopher’s racial thought is of particular importance when considering Kant, who can be viewed as particularly representative of Enlightenment philosophy. In this article I argue that we should take a stance of deep acknowledgment when considering Kant’s work both inside and outside the classroom. Taking a stance of deep acknowledgment should be understood as 1) taking Kant’s racial thought to be reflective of his moral character, 2) Kant being accountable for his (...)
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  8. Integrating Ethics Training into an Undergraduate Research Program in advance.Shurooq al Hashimi, Mercedes Sheen, Jessica Essary & Majeda Humeidan - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  9. Character Education in Schools and the Education of Teachers.L. R. Arthur - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education.
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  10. (When) Are Authors Culpable for Causing Harm?Marcus Arvan - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Philosophy:1-32.
    To what extent are authors morally culpable for harms caused by their published work? Can authors be culpable even if their ideas are misused, perhaps because they failed to take precautions to prevent harmful misinterpretations? Might authors be culpable even if they do take precautions—if, for example, they publish ideas that others can be reasonably expected to put to harmful uses, precautions notwithstanding? Although complete answers to these questions depend upon controversial views about the right to free speech, this paper (...)
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  11. Correction to: International Predictors of Contract Cheating in Higher Education.R. Awdry & B. Ives - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-1.
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  12. International Predictors of Contract Cheating in Higher Education.R. Awdry & B. Ives - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    Prevalence of contract cheating and outsourcing through organised methods has received interest in research studies aiming to determine the most suitable strategies to reduce the problem. Few studies have presented an international approach or tested which variables could be correlated with contract cheating. As a result, strategies to reduce contract cheating may be founded on data from other countries, or demographics/situations which may not align to variables most strongly connected to engagement in outsourcing. This paper presents the results of a (...)
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  13. Conceptual Stewardship and Ethics Centers in advance.Jonathan Beever - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  14. The Mission before the Mission: Toward an Ethics of Ethics Centers in advance.Cordula Brand & Thomas Potthast - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  15. ъ eaching Students to òti Communities Ethically.Amy Bruckman - forthcoming - Journal of Information Ethics.
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  16. The Belief Norm of Academic Publishing.Wesley Buckwalter - forthcoming - Ergo.
    The belief norm of academic publishing states that researchers should believe certain claims they publish. The purpose of this paper is to defend the belief norm of academic publishing. In its defense, the advantages and disadvantages of the belief norm are evaluated for academic research and for the publication system. It is concluded that while the norm does not come without costs, academic research systemically benefits from the belief norm and that it should be counted among those that sustain the (...)
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  17. On Ethics Institute Activism in advance.Michael Burroughs - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  18. Who rules the ruler? On the misconduct of journal editors.Mariana Fontes Costdaa - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    There are very few (published) accounts of editorial misconduct, and those that do exist are almost exclusively focused on medicine-related areas. In the present article we detail a case of editorial misconduct in a rather underexplored domain, the social sciences. This case demonstrates that although legal systems provide different instruments of protection to avoid, compensate for, and punish misconduct on the part of journal editors, the social and economic power unbalance between authors and publishers suggests the importance of alternative solutions (...)
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  19. Strategic Leadership as a Tool for Growth, Mission Alignment and Long-term Stability in advance.Aine Donovan - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  20. Ethical Issues in Research: Perceptions of Researchers, Research Ethics Board Members and Research Ethics Experts.Marie-Josée Drolet, Eugénie Rose-Derouin, Julie-Claude Leblanc, Mélanie Ruest & Bryn Williams-Jones - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-24.
    In the context of academic research, a diversity of ethical issues, conditioned by the different roles of members within these institutions, arise. Previous studies on this topic addressed mainly the perceptions of researchers. However, to our knowledge, no studies have explored the transversal ethical issues from a wider spectrum, including other members of academic institutions as the research ethics board members, and the research ethics experts. The present study used a descriptive phenomenological approach to document the ethical issues experienced by (...)
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  21. Ethics issues with private research ethics boards: A breakout session at the 2009 ncehr national conference.Jack Corman Francis Rolleston, Paddi O'Hara Serge Gauthier & Rod Schmaltz - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    Research Ethics Boards (REBs) provide oversight for Canadians that research projects will comply with standards of ethics if the studies are carried out as described in the documents that have been approved. While REBs have traditionally been affiliated with institutions such as universities and hospitals, a number of factors - including the increased volume of research being conducted outside academic centres - have resulted in the establishment of some private or independent REBs. This, in turn, has raised concerns about the (...)
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  22. Respect for Subjects in the Ethics of Causal and Interpretive Social Explanation.Michael L. Frazer - forthcoming - American Political Science Review.
    Rival causal and interpretive approaches to explaining social phenomena have important ethical differences. While human actions can be explained as a result of causal mechanisms, as a meaningful choice based on reasons, or as some combination of the two, it is morally important that social scientists respect others by recognizing them as persons. Interpretive explanations directly respect their subjects in this way, while purely causal explanations do not. Yet although causal explanations are not themselves expressions of respect, they can be (...)
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  23. Public Intervention in Business Ethics: a auto-case study.Stephen Matthias Harney - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics Education.
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  24. Misuse of co-authorship in Medical PhD Theses in Scandinavia: A Questionnaire Survey.Gert Helgesson, Søren Holm, Lone Bredahl, Bjørn Hofmann & Niklas Juth - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-14.
    Background Several studies suggest that deviations from proper authorship practices are commonplace in medicine. The aim of this study was to explore experiences of and attitudes towards the handling of authorship in PhD theses at medical faculties in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Methods Those who defended their PhD thesis at a medical faculty in Scandinavia during the second half of 2020 were offered, by e-mail, to participate in an online survey. Survey questions dealt with experiences of violations of the first (...)
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  25. Understanding Contract Cheating Behavior Among Indonesian University Students: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior.Dina Heriyati, Reza Lidia Sari, Wulandari Fitri Ekasari & Sigit Kurnianto - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-24.
    The study employs a sequential explanatory mixed-method design and aims to understand contract cheating behavior by conducting a survey of 1,081 undergraduate students in Indonesia and following up with five respondents to explore those results in more depth. In the first quantitative phase, we collected a variety of information from questionnaires about students’ practice with contract cheating. However, the interviews provided considerable depth of the students’ experiences, motivations, and attitudes toward contract cheating. Of the 1,081 participants, 73 students (6.75%) reported (...)
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  26. An Analysis of the Perceptions of Incivility in Higher Education.Tracy Hudgins, Diana Layne, Celena E. Kusch & Karen Lounsbury - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    The aim of this study was to understand how incivility is viewed across multiple academic programs and respondent subgroups where different institutional and cultural power dynamics may influence the way students and faculty perceive uncivil behaviors. This study used the Conceptual Model for Fostering Civility in Nursing Education as its guiding framework. The Incivility in Higher Education Revised Survey and a detailed demographic questionnaire were used to gather self-assessment and personal perspective data regarding incivility in the higher education setting. This (...)
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  27. Disruptive Academic Behaviors: The Dance Between Emotional Intelligence and Academic Incivility.Tracy Hudgins, Diana Layne, Celena E. Kusch & Karen Lounsbury - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    This study aims to better understand the perceptions and experiences related to incivility by students and faculty across multiple academic programs and respondent subgroups at a regional university in the southern United States. The study used a thematic analysis to examine student and faculty responses to three qualitative questions that focused on their perceptions of recent experiences and primary causes of incivility in higher education. Clark’s Conceptual Model for Fostering Civility in Nursing Education and Daniel Goleman’s Emotional Intelligence domains were (...)
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  28. Academic Integrity from China to the U.S.: The Acculturation Process for Chinese Graduate Students in the U.S.Hu Jian, Russell Marion & Weijun Wang - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
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  29. Academic Integrity Perceptions Among Health-Professions’ Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in The Middle East.Gomathi Kadayam Guruswami, Sabiha Mumtaz, Aji Gopakumar, Engila Khan, Fatima Abdullah & Sanjai K. Parahoo - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-19.
    A high level of professional integrity is expected from healthcare professionals, and literature suggests a relationship between unethical behavior of healthcare professionals and poor academic integrity behavior at medical school. While academic integrity is well researched in western countries, it is not so in the Middle East, which is characterized by different cultural values that may influence students’ academic integrity conduct. We conducted a cross-sectional study among health-professions students at a university in the Middle East to assess perceptual differences on (...)
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  30. “It is Very Difficult for us to Separate Ourselves from this System”: Views of European Researchers, Research Managers, Administrators and Governance Advisors on Structural and Institutional Influences on Research Integrity.Mari-Rose Kennedy, Zuzana Deans, Ilaria Ampollini, Eric Breit, Massimiano Bucchi, Külliki Seppel, Knut Jørgen Vie & Ruud ter Meulen - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-25.
    Research integrity is fundamental to the validity and reliability of scientific findings, and for ethical conduct of research. As part of PRINTEGER (Promoting Integrity as an Integral Dimension of Excellence in Research), this study explores the views of researchers, research managers, administrators, and governance advisors in Estonia, Italy, Norway and UK, focusing specifically on their understanding of institutional and organisational influences on research integrity.A total of 16 focus groups were conducted. Thematic analysis of the data revealed that competition is pervasive (...)
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  31. Character, Corruption, and ‘Cultures of Speed’ in Higher Education.Ian Kidd - forthcoming - In Philosophical Perspectives on the Contemporary University: In Shadows and Light. Springer.
    This chapter offers a character-based criticism of ‘the culture of speed’ condemned by the Canadian literary scholars, Maggie Berg and Barbara Seeber in their influential polemic, The Slow Professor. Central to their criticisms of speed and praise of slowness are, I argue, substantive concerns about their effects on moral and intellectual character. I argue that a full reckoning of the wrongs of academic cultures of speed must include appreciation of the ways they promote a host of accelerative vices and failings (...)
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  32. Reviewing Academic Integrity: Assessing the Influence of Corrective Measures on Adverse Attitudes and Plagiaristic Behavior.Vibhash Kumar, Ashima Verma & Sumat Parkash Aggarwal - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-22.
    The world relies on authentic research that guides legislation, policy formulations, and governmental and corporate actions. Therefore, researchers globally should be aware of academic integrity and publication ethics. This research delved into plagiarism that severely undermines any scientific study. It explores the relationship between adverse attitudes (attitudes that favor plagiarism) and plagiaristic behavior. We probed deeper into the theories of planned behavior, reasoned action, and ethical theories of rational self-interest, cultural acceptance, and deontology to propose corrective measures as an intervention (...)
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  33. A Proposed Strategy for Achieving Institutional Integrity at the University of Ha’il in the Light of NCAAA Standards.Yousef Mubrik N. Almutairi, Reda Ibrahim Elmelegy & Monia Mokhtar Ferchichi - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    The aim of this research was to set a proposed strategy for achieving institutional integrity in the University of Ha’il, Saudi Arabia, in the light of the National Centre of Assessment and Academic Accreditation Standards. This was accomplished through acknowledging theoretical and philosophical frameworks of institutional integrity and their obstacles in university educational institutions and displaying the institutional standards of the National Centre of Assessment and Academic Accreditation. This research depended on the descriptive method and employed the Analysis to examine (...)
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  34. Corruption Detection Systems and Skills, and Employee Retention in South African Universities.Bethuel Sibongiseni Ngcamu & Evangelos Mantzaris - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    The superfluous and systemic problem of fraud and corruption in South African universities has intentionally paralysed internal control measures that detect and combat corruption. This reality has been aggravated by the deployment of unskilled workers in strategic positions in universities, driving the corruption agenda and frustrating those skilled quality employees capable of operating the systems that detect and combat corruption. This article explores employees’ experience and knowledge in previously disadvantaged universities relating to operating systems that enable the detection and prevention (...)
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  35. Demonstrating Ethical Leadership in a Virtual World: Accessibility, Community, and Identity.Nate Olson & Kallee McCullough - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
    During the COVID-19 pandemic, ethics centers were forced to reimagine program delivery. In a tumultuous time with rampant social isolation, the need for ethics education and dialogue was also critical. The authors, members of the directorship team of the Kegley Institute of Ethics, discuss how KIE met these challenges through organizing over fifty online events during the pandemic, including webinars, pedagogy workshops, ethics bowls, intercollegiate student conversations, colloquia, film viewings, and podcasts. The article describes both the opportunities and challenges that (...)
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  36. “When Will the University Do Something?” A U.S. Case Study of Familiar Structures, Unintended Consequences, and Racism.Tom Olson, Ming-Bao Yue, Eileen Walsh & William Lewis - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    Higher education has a dual responsibility, both to the academy and to society at large, to effectively confront racism on campus. And yet, in the United States and perhaps elsewhere, it fails to effectively confront racism as the result of systemic flaws, expressed as organizational intransigence, even as new “supportive and protective” structures are created. Thus, the central question raised by the anonymized, composite narrative case study at the core of this paper is as follows: To what extent, if any, (...)
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  37. Ethics Centers’ Conflicts of Interest and the Failure of Disclosure to Remedy this Endemic Problem in advance.Lisa S. Parker - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  38. Moral Transformation, Identity, and Practice.Carissa Phillips-Garrett - forthcoming - American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy.
    Standard ways of conceptualizing and measuring moral development implicitly privilege the growth of moral judgment over moral sensitivity, moral motivation, and moral habits by too often conflating improvement in moral judgment with holistic moral development. I argue here that if we care about philosophy's transformative possibilities as a way of life, we should adopt a more robust and holistic account of moral development. I illustrate this through an examination of the Character Project, which I created to help students engage in (...)
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  39. Do Ethics and Values Play a Role in Virtual Education? A Study on the Perception of Students and Teachers.Jose Alberto Rivera Piragauta & Janaina Minelli de Oliveira - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-14.
    Learning in virtual environments is an ethical experience. This research aimed to understand the ethical experience of a virtual learning environment from the perspective of university students and their teachers. The participants were 205 higher education students from different Spanish-speaking countries (Colombia, Argentina, Mexico, Ecuador, and Spain) and 30 teachers who acted as tutors in virtual education. The study used a design-based research method and quantitative instruments for the collection of empirical data. The data analysis showed that students and teachers (...)
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  40. Research Integrity Supervision Practices and Institutional Support: A Qualitative Study.Daniel Pizzolato & Kris Dierickx - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-22.
    Scientific malpractice is not just due to researchers having bad intentions, but also due to a lack of education concerning research integrity practices. Besides the importance of institutionalised trainings on research integrity, research supervisors play an important role in translating what doctoral students learn during research integrity formal sessions. Supervision practices and role modelling influence directly and indirectly supervisees’ attitudes and behaviour toward responsible research. Research supervisors can not be left alone in this effort. Research institutions are responsible for supporting (...)
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  41. The Paperwinner’s Model in Academia and Undervaluation of Care Work.Sahana V. Rajan - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-19.
    The identity of an academic discipline is essentially tied to production and reproduction of its disciplinary knowledge. This, in turn, determines the criteria of academic achievement for academicians belonging to a particular discipline. The ability of an academician to contribute to the disciplinary knowledge through publication of high-impact papers is considered to be of highest value in academic disciplines. This constitutes an essentialist paradigm of understanding academic disciplines. Such a paradigm, however, undervalues other equally important forms of academic labour, like (...)
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  42. Undergraduate Ethics Education in Paramedicine in Australia.Kirsty Shearer, Matthew Thomas, Tania Signal, Ruth Townsend & Nikola Stepanov - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    In Australia, paramedics are obliged to practice ethically. Graduates of baccalaureate degrees in paramedicine should therefore possess a common grounding in ethics to meet the professional capabilities expected of registered paramedics. However, there is a lack of clarity regarding ethics education for paramedicine students, including what is taught, how it is taught, and how it is assessed. This paper explores ethics education for paramedicine students in Australia, how it aligns with current professional expectations, and how it may be enhanced. Point-in-time (...)
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  43. On the Structure of the Virtuous Ethics Center in advance.Joseph Spino - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  44. Student Perceptions of Academic Integrity: A Qualitative Study of Understanding, Consequences, and Impact.Anna Stone - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-19.
    Background Academic integrity (AI) is of increasing importance in higher education. At the same time, students are becoming more consumer-oriented and more inclined to appeal against, or complain about, a penalty imposed for a breach of AI. This combination of factors places pressure on institutions of higher education to handle alleged breaches of AI in a way acceptable to students that motivates them to continue to engage with their studies. Method Students (n = 8) were interviewed to discover their perceptions (...)
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  45. Contract Cheating in Iran: An Overview of Key Issues and a Call to Action.Azimeh Takrimi, Reza Khojasteh Mehr & Sarah Elaine Eaton - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-19.
    In our descriptive exploratory qualitative study, we investigated the issue of contract cheating in Iranian higher education contexts. Through our analysis, we provide insights into measures taken in Iran to prevent contract cheating and mitigate its effects. Our study analyses secondary data including scholarly articles, published media, and the country’s current policies. Results showed that more empirical primary data from which to draw definitive conclusions is needed, and as such, developing an evidence-based body of knowledge about the prevalence and characteristics (...)
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  46. Wrongful Influence in Educational Contexts.John Tillson - forthcoming - In Kathryn Hytten (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Education. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    When and why are coercion, indoctrination, manipulation, deception, and bullshit morally wrongful modes of influence in the context of educating children? Answering this question requires identifying what valid claims different parties have against one another regarding how children are influenced. Most prominently among these, it requires discerning what claims children have regarding whether and how they and their peers are influenced, and against whom they have these claims. The claims they have are grounded in the weighty interests they each equally (...)
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  47. Organizational Narcissism as an Adaptive Strategy in Contemporary Academia.Elisabeth Julie Vargo - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    Universities around the world are undergoing a marketisation process in order to respond to consumer-oriented demands. Despite priority shifts, universities have remained traditionally hierarchical and elitist. Moreover, a new and growing generation of academic researchers has found it increasingly difficult to integrate in academia. Systems and patterns of behaviour breeding cultural narcissism, intended as a value and cultural system characterised by an investment in false self-projections backed by Machiavellian attainment, exist and appear to thrive in academic institutions. This organizational adaptation (...)
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  48. The Causes and Prevention of Commercial Contract Cheating in the Era of Digital Education: A Systematic & Critical Review.Yujun Xu & Wenlong Li - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-19.
    This paper provides a systematic and critical review of the existing literature on the phenomenon of ‘commercial contract cheating’. Unlike some existing systematic reviews generally on CCC, this paper focuses on the potential causes and suggested preventative measures specifically, intending to develop effective interventions on the basis of empirical insights. We reviewed primary studies with empirical data and systematic reviews focusing on higher education published between 2012 and 2020. A logic model is developed to graphically indicate the complex and dynamic (...)
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  49. Surrogate Practices in Research in the Absence of a Research Ethics Committee: A Qualitative Study.Anna Marie C. Abrera, Paulo Maria N. Pagkatipunan & Elisa Bernadette E. Limson - 2023 - Journal of Academic Ethics 21 (1):139-153.
    The establishment of a Research Ethics Committee (REC) is a significant step to ensure the standard procedures in ethics review process that protect human participants. However, in instances when RECs are not yet established, surrogate activities are practiced by some institutions. The objective of this study was to identify prevailing research ethical practices of research directors and faculty researchers in the absence of a research ethics committee in their respective academic institutions. Specifically, it aimed to explore the participants’ 1) experiences (...)
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  50. Systemic Obstacles to Addressing Research Misconduct in Higher Education: A Case Study.James Golden, Catherine M. Mazzotta & Kimberly Zittel-Barr - 2023 - Journal of Academic Ethics 21 (1):71-82.
    Several widely publicized incidents of academic research misconduct, combined with the politicization of the role of science in public health and policy discourse (e.g., COVID, immunizations) threaten to undermine faith in the integrity of empirical research. Researchers often maintain that peer-review and study replication allow the field to self-police and self-correct; however, stark disparities between official reports of academic research misconduct and self-reports of academic researchers, specifically with regard to data fabrication, belie this argument. Further, systemic imperatives in academic settings (...)
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