Results for 'Myer Landon'

891 found
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  1.  41
    ‘Even if you're positive, you still have rights because you are a person’: Human rights and the reproductive choice of hiv-positive persons.Leslie London, Phyllis J. Orner & Landon Myer - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):11-22.
    Global debates in approaches to HIV/AIDS control have recently moved away from a uniformly strong human rights-based focus. Public health utilitarianism has become increasingly important in shaping national and international policies. However, potentially contradictory imperatives may require reconciliation of individual reproductive and other human rights with public health objectives. Current reproductive health guidelines remain largely nonprescriptive on the advisability of pregnancy amongst HIV-positive couples, mainly relying on effective counselling to enable autonomous decision-making by clients. Yet, health care provider values and (...)
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  2.  84
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 years into democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. Results Health RECs (...)
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  3. The Epistemic Status of the Imagination.Joshua Myers - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3251-3270.
    Imagination plays a rich epistemic role in our cognitive lives. For example, if I want to learn whether my luggage will fit into the overhead compartment on a plane, I might imagine trying to fit it into the overhead compartment and form a justified belief on the basis of this imagining. But what explains the fact that imagination has the power to justify beliefs, and what is the structure of imaginative justification? In this paper, I answer these questions by arguing (...)
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  4. Reasoning with Imagination.Joshua Myers - 2021 - In Amy Kind & Christopher Badura (eds.), Epistemic Uses of Imagination. Routledge.
    This chapter argues that epistemic uses of the imagination are a sui generis form of reasoning. The argument proceeds in two steps. First, there are imaginings which instantiate the epistemic structure of reasoning. Second, reasoning with imagination is not reducible to reasoning with doxastic states. Thus, the epistemic role of the imagination is that it is a distinctive way of reasoning out what follows from our prior evidence. This view has a number of important implications for the epistemology of the (...)
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  5.  12
    Cartesian Aseity in the Third Meditation.Landon McBrayer - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:217-233.
    The notion that something can exist a se is central to Descartes’s overall metaphysics of causation. In the Meditations, divine aseity plays the role of explaining not only God’s existence but ultimately the existence of everything else apart from God. Yet in the Meditations proper, as well as in the early Replies, Descartes does little to clarify exactly what his view of divine aseity is and how it might differ from the sort of aseity commonly posited by the Scholastics. Despite (...)
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  6. Dangerous Reference Graphs and Semantic Paradoxes.Landon Rabern, Brian Rabern & Matthew Macauley - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):727-765.
    The semantic paradoxes are often associated with self-reference or referential circularity. Yablo (Analysis 53(4):251–252, 1993), however, has shown that there are infinitary versions of the paradoxes that do not involve this form of circularity. It remains an open question what relations of reference between collections of sentences afford the structure necessary for paradoxicality. In this essay, we lay the groundwork for a general investigation into the nature of reference structures that support the semantic paradoxes and the semantic hypodoxes. We develop (...)
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  7.  15
    Beyond the formal and the psychological: The arts and social possibility.Landon E. Beyer - 1995 - In Wendy Kohli (ed.), Critical conversations in philosophy of education. New York: Routledge. pp. 258--277.
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  8. The social animal.David G. Myers - 2011 - In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking human nature: a multidisciplinary approach. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
     
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  9. Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel.Landon Hedrick - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (1):27-46.
    William Lane Craig's defence of the kalam cosmological argument rests heavily on two philosophical arguments against a past-eternal universe. In this article I take issue with one of these arguments, what I call the – namely, that the metaphysical absurdity of an actually infinite number of things existing precludes the possibility of a beginningless past. After explaining this argument, I proceed to raise some initial doubts. After setting those aside, I show that the argument is ineffective against proponents of presentism. (...)
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  10.  14
    A History of Indian Philosophy. Volume III.Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (64):420-422.
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  11. Clear and Present Thinking: A Handbook in Logic and Rationality.Brendan Myers, Charlene Elsby, Kimberly Baltzer-Jaray & Nola Semczyszyn - 2013 - Northwest Passage Books.
    The product of a Kickstarter fundraising campaign, "Clear and Present Thinking" is a college-level textbook in logic and critical thinking. Chapters: 1. Questions, Problems, and World Views 2. Good and Bad Thinking Habits 3. Basics of Argumentation 4. Fallacies 5. Reasonable Doubt 6. Moral Reasoning In an effort to reduce the cost of education for students, this textbook was funded by over 700 people through the Kickstarter online crowd-funding platform.
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  12.  29
    3 Determined and Free.David G. Myers - 2008 - In John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.), Are we free?: psychology and free will. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 32.
  13.  12
    Off-label use of bevacizumab in the treatment of retinal disease: ethical implications.Landon James Rohowetz - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):668-672.
    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy has revolutionised the treatment of a variety of ophthalmic conditions and has become the first-line therapy for a range of retinal diseases. Bevacizumab, a VEGF inhibitor first approved for the treatment of colorectal cancer, has been shown to be nearly or virtually as effective and safe as other anti-VEGF therapies in the treatment of certain retinal diseases but is not approved or registered by the Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency. While other anti-VEGF (...)
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  14.  27
    Facts and Values.Gerald E. Myers - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):280-281.
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  15. The Structure of Analog Representation.Andrew Y. Lee, Joshua Myers & Gabriel Oak Rabin - 2023 - Noûs 57 (1):209-237.
    This paper develops a theory of analog representation. We first argue that the mark of the analog is to be found in the nature of a representational system’s interpretation function, rather than in its vehicles or contents alone. We then develop the rulebound structure theory of analog representation, according to which analog systems are those that use interpretive rules to map syntactic structural features onto semantic structural features. The theory involves three degree-theoretic measures that capture three independent ways in which (...)
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  16.  46
    “Following the Way Which Is Called Heresy”: Milton and the Heretical Imperative.Benjamin Myers - 2008 - Journal of the History of Ideas 69 (3):375-393.
    In his prose writings, Milton produces a reinvention of the concept of heresy, and subsequently a theological reinvention of the nature of English society. He envisions a Protestant society united by practices of individual piety and by the “heretical imperative” of autonomous choice. While Milton’s account seeks to eliminate the possibilities of religious violence and state persecution, it leads finally to the same impasse as the Lockean theory: the grounding of a right to toleration on subjective piety necessarily excludes those (...)
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  17. Functional properties of a cortical region selective for images of the human body.A. Myers & P. T. Sowden - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 75-75.
     
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  18.  10
    ""Attacking the Washington" Femmocracy": Antifeminism in the Cold War Campaign against" Communists in Government".Landon Ry Storrs - 2007 - Feminist Studies 33 (1):118-152.
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  19.  12
    A History of Indian Philosophy. [REVIEW]Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):22-25.
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  20. The Genealogy of ‘∨’.Landon D. C. Elkind & Richard Zach - 2023 - Review of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):862-899.
    The use of the symbol ∨for disjunction in formal logic is ubiquitous. Where did it come from? The paper details the evolution of the symbol ∨ in its historical and logical context. Some sources say that disjunction in its use as connecting propositions or formulas was introduced by Peano; others suggest that it originated as an abbreviation of the Latin word for “or,” vel. We show that the origin of the symbol ∨ for disjunction can be traced to Whitehead and (...)
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  21.  14
    Training and Educating: A Critique of Technical-Mindedness in Teacher Education.Landon Beyer - 1988 - Education and Culture 8:3.
  22.  5
    The American High School Today: A First Report to American (Book).Landon E. Beyer - 1996 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 27 (4):319-337.
  23.  10
    The American High School Today: A First Report to American.Landon E. Beyer - 1996 - Educational Studies 27 (4):319-337.
  24.  5
    The Outcomes from Engaging Liberal Education and Critical Inquiry: Matrimony, Divorce, or Kissing Cousins?Landon E. Beyer - 2002 - Philosophy of Education 58:69-72.
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  25.  25
    Beyond Nuclear Deterrence: the concept of a retributive policy.David B. Myers - 1987 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):135-153.
    ABSTRACT The primary aim of the paper is to apply the concept of retribution to nuclear defence policy. Nuclear defence policy, as I conceive it, is concerned with addressing the threat Soviet nuclear weapons pose for Western security. I argue that, contrary to popular opinion, MAD is not a retributive doctrine—that in fact it violates two constitutive principles of retribution: culpability and proportionality. After explicating these constitutive principles, I apply them to retaliatory strategy—showing that the culpability criterion restricts retaliation to (...)
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  26.  2
    Qabbalah.Isaac Myer - 1888 - New York,: S. Weiser.
  27. The Group Polarization Phenomenon.David G. Myers & Helmut Lamm - 1976 - Psychological Bulletin 83 (4):602-627.
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  28. The Behavioral Biology of Teams: Multidisciplinary Contributions to Social Dynamics in Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments.Lauren Blackwell Landon, Grace L. Douglas, Meghan E. Downs, Maya R. Greene, Alexandra M. Whitmire, Sara R. Zwart & Peter G. Roma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  29. Molecular reorientation in liquids.Myer Bloom - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.,: [San Jose? Calif.. pp. 65.
     
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  30.  3
    What Barfield thought: an introduction to the work of Owen Barfield.Landon Loftin - 2023 - Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers. Edited by Max Leyf.
    As interest in Owen Barfield grows, we aim to meet the need for a scholarly introduction to his thought. Our primary purpose is to present an overview, analysis, and synthesis of Barfield's most salient ideas in a manner that will be of interest to neophytes and initiates alike. Barfield's work can, at time, be difficult to understand; C. S. Lewis put it well when he described Barfield's style of argument as 'dark, labyrinthine,' and 'pertinacious.' But Lewis ardently promoted Barfield's work (...)
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  31.  26
    Analytical thought experiments.C. Mason Myers - 1986 - Metaphilosophy 17 (2-3):109-118.
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  32. The social construction of two biologists' articles.Greg Myers - 1993 - In Ellen Messer-Davidow, David R. Shumway & David Sylvan (eds.), Knowledges: historical and critical studies in disciplinarity. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. pp. 327--367.
  33.  19
    Ethical decision-making climate, moral distress, and intention to leave among ICU professionals in a tertiary academic hospital center.Michele Zimmer, Julie Landon, Samantha Dove, Kerri Bouchard, Eunsung Cho, Melissa Davis-Gilbert, Rachel Hausladen, Karen McQuillan, Ali Tabatabai, Trishna Mukherjee, Raya Kheirbek, Samuel Tisherman, Tracey Wilson & Henry Silverman - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundCommentators believe that the ethical decision-making climate is instrumental in enhancing interprofessional collaboration in intensive care units. Our aim was twofold: to determine the perception of the ethical climate, levels of moral distress, and intention to leave one's job among nurses and physicians, and between the different ICU types and determine the association between the ethical climate, moral distress, and intention to leave.MethodsWe performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study between May 2021 and August 2021 involving 206 nurses and physicians in a (...)
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  34. Substance Abuse.Landon Frim & Harrison Fluss - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):191-217.
    This paper will set out in plain language the basic ontology of “Deleuze’s Spinoza”; it will then critically examine whether such a Spinoza has, or indeed could have, ever truly existed. In this, it will be shown that Deleuze’s reading of Spinoza involves the imposition of three interlocking, formal principles. These are (1) Necessitarianism, (2) Immanence, and (3) Univocity. The uncovering of Deleuze’s use of these three principles, how they relate to one another, and what they jointly imply in terms (...)
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  35. Moral Progress: A Process Critique of MacIntyre (review).William T. Myers - 2001 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):253-256.
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  36. Computer verification for historians of philosophy.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-28.
    Interactive theorem provers might seem particularly impractical in the history of philosophy. Journal articles in this discipline are generally not formalized. Interactive theorem provers involve a learning curve for which the payoffs might seem minimal. In this article I argue that interactive theorem provers have already demonstrated their potential as a useful tool for historians of philosophy; I do this by highlighting examples of work where this has already been done. Further, I argue that interactive theorem provers can continue to (...)
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  37.  22
    The “Great Guide” of Human Life: Custom and Habit in Hume’s Science of Politics (12th edition).Angela M. Coventry & Landon Echeverio - 2023 - Cosmos + Taxis: Studies in Emergent Order and Organization 12:19-31.
    At the level of the individual, current research suggests that most of our daily actions are done out of habit. At the same time, individuals are part of larger social units, and their behavior gives rise to customs and institutions. Hume recognized the indispensable role of custom and habit in human life in his science of the mind, a science which aims to form the most general principles possible. Custom and habit are singled out by Hume as particularly potent general (...)
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  38.  19
    Batman in the Classroom: Academic Philosophy and “… and Philosophy”.Landon W. Schurtz - 2017 - Metaphilosophy 48 (3):296-303.
    Though the interaction of philosophy with pop culture has so far mostly taken the form of books for nonphilosophers that use various shows and movies as sources of examples to illustrate “traditional” philosophical issues, this article contends that serious engagement with the informal philosophical discussions expressed in popular entertainments constitutes a kind of “ethnophilosophy” and should be considered an important part of the discipline. Our disciplinary responsibility for maintaining and considering the history of philosophy ought to include even the philosophical (...)
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  39.  14
    Constructivity in computer science: A summer symposium.J. Paul Myers - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):1097.
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  40. Ethics consultation in united states hospitals: A national survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and (...)
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  41.  11
    Self Governance and Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 1999 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. Practical judgement is shown to be guided in this by two very different ideals: an ideal of cooperation, which is held to shape the content of morality's demands, and (...)
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  42. William James: His Life and Thought.Gerald E. Myers - 1987 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 23 (2):309-317.
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  43.  71
    Human development as transcendence of the animal body and the child-animal association in psychological thought.Eugene Olin Myers - 1999 - Society and Animals 7 (2):121-140.
    This paper explores the association of children and animals as an element in Western culture's symbolic universe. Three historical discourses found in the West associate animality with immaturity and growing up with the transcendence of this condition. The discourses differ in how they describe and evaluate the original animal-like condition of the child versus the socialized end product. All, however, tend to distinguish sharply between the human and the nonhuman. This paper explores expressions of this tendency in developmental theories that (...)
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  44.  10
    Western Aesthetics.G. E. Myers - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (1):125-126.
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  45.  17
    On the Education of Generalists.Landon Summers - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (1):65-75.
  46.  16
    On the Education of Generalists.Landon Summers - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (1):65-75.
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  47. Data Capitalism: Redefining the Logics of Surveillance and Privacy.Sarah Myers West - 2019 - Business and Society 58 (1):20-41.
    This article provides a history of private sector tracking technologies, examining how the advent of commercial surveillance centered around a logic of data capitalism. Data capitalism is a system in which the commoditization of our data enables an asymmetric redistribution of power that is weighted toward the actors who have access and the capability to make sense of information. It is enacted through capitalism and justified by the association of networked technologies with the political and social benefits of online community, (...)
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  48.  24
    Three types of freedom1.Francis M. Myers - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):337-350.
    Freedom interpreted as absence of restraints, as such, is a vacuous ideal. It requires reference to some setting and course of action in order to distinguish those restraints that block human effort from those, say, that support it. More broadly, this notion of freedom has little meaning and less value without some external criterion for evaluating human action and its conditions. Many thinkers have argued that the. criterion must be the absolute Truth ? truth that is unconditioned, indubitable, and imperative. (...)
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  49.  9
    A rabbi looks at palliative care.Myer Schecter - forthcoming - Journal of Palliative Care.
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  50.  16
    Comments on Dadlez’s “Kitsch and Bullshit as Aesthetic and Epistemic Transgressions”.Landon W. Schurtz - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (2):5-8.
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