Results for 'Landon Myer'

845 found
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  1.  70
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 years into democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. Results Health RECs (...)
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  2.  31
    ‘Even if you're positive, you still have rights because you are a person’: Human rights and the reproductive choice of hiv-positive persons.Leslie London, Phyllis J. Orner & Landon Myer - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):11-22.
    Global debates in approaches to HIV/AIDS control have recently moved away from a uniformly strong human rights-based focus. Public health utilitarianism has become increasingly important in shaping national and international policies. However, potentially contradictory imperatives may require reconciliation of individual reproductive and other human rights with public health objectives. Current reproductive health guidelines remain largely nonprescriptive on the advisability of pregnancy amongst HIV-positive couples, mainly relying on effective counselling to enable autonomous decision-making by clients. Yet, health care provider values and (...)
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  3.  96
    The genealogy of ‘∨’.Landon D. C. Elkind & Richard Zach - 2022 - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-38.
    The use of the symbol ∨ for disjunction in formal logic is ubiquitous. Where did it come from? The paper details the evolution of the symbol ∨ in its historical and logical context. Some sources say that disjunction in its use as connecting propositions or formulas was introduced by Peano; others suggest that it originated as an abbreviation of the Latin word for “or”, vel. We show that the origin of the symbol ∨ for disjunction can be traced to Whitehead (...)
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  4.  11
    Impartiality or Oikeiôsis? Two Models of Universal Benevolence.Landon Frim - forthcoming - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
    Landon Frim ABSTRACT: ‘Universal benevolence’ may be defined as the goal of promoting the welfare of every individual, however remote, to the best of one’s ability. Currently, the commonest model of universal benevolence is that of ‘impartiality,’ the notion promoted by Peter Singer, Roderick Firth, and others, that every individual is of equal ….
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  5. The Vivisection Problem, a Controversy Between C.S. Myers and A. Leffingwell.Charles Samuel Myers & Albert Leffingwell - 1907
     
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  6. Dangerous Reference Graphs and Semantic Paradoxes.Landon Rabern, Brian Rabern & Matthew Macauley - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):727-765.
    The semantic paradoxes are often associated with self-reference or referential circularity. Yablo (Analysis 53(4):251–252, 1993), however, has shown that there are infinitary versions of the paradoxes that do not involve this form of circularity. It remains an open question what relations of reference between collections of sentences afford the structure necessary for paradoxicality. In this essay, we lay the groundwork for a general investigation into the nature of reference structures that support the semantic paradoxes and the semantic hypodoxes. We develop (...)
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  7. Self Governance and Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. Practical judgement is shown to be guided in this by two very different ideals: an ideal of cooperation, which is held to shape the content of morality's demands, and (...)
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  8.  2
    The American Paradox: Spiritual Hunger in an Age of Plenty.David G. Myers - 2000 - Yale University Press.
    In this compelling book, a well-known social psychologist asks why, in an era of great material wealth, America suffers from such a disturbing array of social problems that reflect a deep spiritual poverty. Illustrations.
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  9. Fred Myers, Painting Culture: The Making of an Aboriginal High Art.S. Lowish - 2004 - Thesis Eleven 77:134-137.
     
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  10.  10
    Back to Basics: Application of the Principles of Bioethics to Heritable Genome Interventions.Landon J. Getz & Graham Dellaire - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2735-2748.
    Prior to their announcement of the birth of gene-edited twins in China, Dr. He Jiankui and colleagues published a set of draft ethical principles for discussing the legal, social, and ethical aspects of heritable genome interventions. Within this document, He and colleagues made it clear that their goal with these principles was to “clarify for the public the clinical future of early-in-life genetic surgeries” or heritable genome editing. In light of He’s widely criticized gene editing experiments it is of interest (...)
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  11.  90
    Myers' paradox.Graham Priest - 2021 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):147-154.
    This note is an analysis of the paradox given by Myers. It is shown, assuming that the resources available in paraconsistent logic may be applied, how the conclusion of the paradox may be perfectly acceptable, but that the argument is, nonetheless, invalid. This provides a dialethic solution to the paradox.
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  12. Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel.Landon Hedrick - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (1):27-46.
    William Lane Craig's defence of the kalam cosmological argument rests heavily on two philosophical arguments against a past-eternal universe. In this article I take issue with one of these arguments, what I call the – namely, that the metaphysical absurdity of an actually infinite number of things existing precludes the possibility of a beginningless past. After explaining this argument, I proceed to raise some initial doubts. After setting those aside, I show that the argument is ineffective against proponents of presentism. (...)
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  13.  3
    A History of Indian Philosophy.Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):22-25.
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  14.  50
    Fraser MacBride, On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2020 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 8 (8).
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  15. The Jewish Past Revisited: Reflections on Modern Jewish Historians.David G. Myers & David B. Ruderman - 1998 - Studies in Jewish Culture and.
    In this fascinating new collection of essays, contemporary historians examine the ways earlier historians have framed, written, and "made" the Jewish past. Probing the ideology and methodology of their professional predecessors, American and Israeli historians offer new perspectives on some of the central figures of twentieth-century Jewish historiography, including Gershom Scholem, S. D. Goitein, Yitzhak Baer, Elias Bickermann, and Cecil Roth, as well as the Israeli "New Historians." Although the lives and work of these scholars differ in many ways, Jewish (...)
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  16. The Spirit of American Philosophy an Anthology [Which Traces the Evolution of American Philosophy From the Seventeenth Century to the Present]. --.Gerald E. Myers - 1971 - Capricorn Books.
     
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  17.  4
    Cartesian Aseity in the Third Meditation.Landon McBrayer - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:217-233.
    The notion that something can exist a se is central to Descartes’s overall metaphysics of causation. In the Meditations, divine aseity plays the role of explaining not only God’s existence but ultimately the existence of everything else apart from God. Yet in the Meditations proper, as well as in the early Replies, Descartes does little to clarify exactly what his view of divine aseity is and how it might differ from the sort of aseity commonly posited by the Scholastics. Despite (...)
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  18.  10
    On the Education of Generalists: Religion, Public Schools, and Teacher Education.Landon Summers - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (1):65-75.
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  19.  12
    On the Education of Generalists.Landon Summers - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):65-75.
  20.  20
    Metaphysics of States of Affairs: Truthmaking, Universals, and a Farewell to Bradley’s Regress, by Bo R. Meinertsen, Singapore: Springer, 2018. 174 + xviii pp. [REVIEW]Landon Hobbs - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-6.
  21.  7
    ""Attacking the Washington" Femmocracy": Antifeminism in the Cold War Campaign against" Communists in Government".Landon Ry Storrs - 2007 - Feminist Studies 33 (1):118-152.
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  22. MYERS, C. S. - In the Realm of Mind. [REVIEW]W. J. H. Sprott - 1938 - Mind 47:247.
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  23. MYERS, C. S. -An Introduction to Experimental Psychology. [REVIEW]C. W. Valentine - 1912 - Mind 21:121.
     
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  24.  6
    Beyond the formal and the psychological: The arts and social possibility.Landon E. Beyer - 1995 - In Wendy Kohli (ed.), Critical Conversations in Philosophy of Education. Routledge. pp. 258--277.
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  25.  6
    A History of Indian Philosophy. Volume III.Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (64):420-422.
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  26.  20
    The Philosophy of Logical Atomism: A Centenary Reappraisal.Landon D. C. Elkind & Gregory Landini (eds.) - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book offers a comprehensive critical survey of issues of historical interpretation and evaluation in Bertrand Russell's 1918 logical atomism lectures and logical atomism itself. These lectures record the culmination of Russell's thought in response to discussions with Wittgenstein on the nature of judgement and philosophy of logic and with Moore and other philosophical realists about epistemology and ontological atomism, and to Whitehead and Russell’s novel extension of revolutionary nineteenth-century work in mathematics and logic. Russell's logical atomism lectures have had (...)
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  27.  4
    The American High School Today: A First Report to American.Landon E. Beyer - 1996 - Educational Studies 27 (4):319-337.
  28.  5
    Training and Educating: A Critique of Technical-Mindedness in Teacher Education.Landon Beyer - 1988 - Education and Culture 8:3.
  29.  14
    Studies in Social and Legal Theories: An Historical Account of the Social, Ethical, Political, and Legal Doctrines of the Foremost Ancient and Medieval Philosophers.Myer Bernard Barr - 1932 - F.B. Rothman & Co..
    The author attempted to present the development of legal theories through early & medieval philosophical history.
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  30. MYERS, C. S. and F. C. BARTLETT-A Text-Book of Experimental Psychology, Part II. [REVIEW]C. W. V. C. W. V. - 1926 - Mind 35:395.
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  31. Mr Myers's Theory of "The Subliminal Self".A. Lang - 1903 - Hibbert Journal 2:514.
     
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  32. Marx and Nietzsche the Record of an Encounter : The Reminiscences and Transcripts of a Nineteenth Centuary Journalist.David B. Myers - 1986
     
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  33. Self, Religion, and Metaphysics: Essays in Memory of James Bissett Pratt.Gerald E. Myers - 1961 - Macmillan.
     
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  34. Hick's "When Is a Work of Art Finished?" and the Ontology of Metaworks.Landon Schurtz - 2013 - Philosophical Writings 42:20-33.
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  35. The Philosophy of Motion Pictures. [REVIEW]Landon Schurtz - 2011 - American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-Journal 3 (1):24-25.
     
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  36. William James: His Life and Thought.Gerald E. Myers - 1987 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 23 (2):309-317.
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  37.  2
    The American High School Today: A First Report to American (Book).Landon E. Beyer - 1996 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 27 (4):319-337.
  38.  6
    Off-label use of bevacizumab in the treatment of retinal disease: ethical implications.Landon James Rohowetz - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):668-672.
    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy has revolutionised the treatment of a variety of ophthalmic conditions and has become the first-line therapy for a range of retinal diseases. Bevacizumab, a VEGF inhibitor first approved for the treatment of colorectal cancer, has been shown to be nearly or virtually as effective and safe as other anti-VEGF therapies in the treatment of certain retinal diseases but is not approved or registered by the Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency. While other anti-VEGF (...)
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  39. On Jain Anekantavada and Pluralism in Philosophy of Mathematics.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2019 - International School for Jain Studies-Transactions 2 (3):13-20.
    I claim that a relatively new position in philosophy of mathematics, pluralism, overlaps in striking ways with the much older Jain doctrine of anekantavada and the associated doctrines of nyayavada and syadvada. I first outline the pluralist position, following this with a sketch of the Jain doctrine of anekantavada. I then note the srrong points of overlaps and the morals of this comparison of pluralism and anekantavada.
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  40.  5
    What fools we were.Landon Schurtz - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 49:93-97.
    Don didn’t grasp what would eventually come to be one of the most successful ad campaigns ever because he didn’t recognise the person presenting the evidence as being appropriately trustworthy. He failed to know because Dr Guttman’s say-so was not enough to provide justification for a belief. But why would he think that? To get to the bottom of this, we need the help of an analytical approach known as standpoint theory.
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  41.  15
    Facts and Values.Gerald E. Myers - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):280-281.
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  42.  5
    The Value of Aesthetic Experience.Landon Schurtz - unknown
    In this dissertation, I argue that aesthetic experience is a kind of valuing experience that has certain, objective features not dependent on the psychological state of the subject. Accounts of aesthetic experience can generally be divided into two categories: internalist and externalist. The former pick out aesthetic experience as a being a certain kind of psychological state on the part of the subject, whereas the latter specify it based on features external to the experience itself, usually by reference to the (...)
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  43.  4
    The Behavioral Biology of Teams: Multidisciplinary Contributions to Social Dynamics in Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments.Lauren Blackwell Landon, Grace L. Douglas, Meghan E. Downs, Maya R. Greene, Alexandra M. Whitmire, Sara R. Zwart & Peter G. Roma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  44. On Russell's Logical Atomism.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2018 - In Landon D. C. Elkind & Gregory Landini (eds.), The Philosophy of Logical Atomism: A Centenary Reappraisal. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 3-37.
    I characterize and argue against the standard interpretation of logical atomism. The argument against this reading is historical: the standard interpretation of logical atomism (1) fails to explain how the view is inspired by nineteenth-century developments in mathematics, (2) fails to explain how logic is central to logical atomism, and (3) fails to explain how logical atomism is a revolutionary and new "scientific philosophy." In short, the standard interpretation is a bad history of logical atomism. A novel interpretation of the (...)
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  45.  54
    What fools we were.Landon Schurtz - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49):93-97.
    Don didn’t grasp what would eventually come to be one of the most successful ad campaigns ever because he didn’t recognise the person presenting the evidence as being appropriately trustworthy. He failed to know because Dr Guttman’s say-so was not enough to provide justification for a belief. But why would he think that? To get to the bottom of this, we need the help of an analytical approach known as standpoint theory.
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  46.  15
    Pragmatist Metaphysics: A Defense.William T. Myers - 2004 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40 (1):39 - 52.
  47.  53
    An Argument for Completely General Facts.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2021 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 9 (7).
    In his 1918 logical atomism lectures, Russell argued that there are no molecular facts. But he posed a problem for anyone wanting to avoid molecular facts: we need truth-makers for generalizations of molecular formulas, but such truth-makers seem to be both unavoidable and to have an abominably molecular character. Call this the problem of generalized molecular formulas. I clarify the problem here by distinguishing two kinds of generalized molecular formula: incompletely generalized molecular formulas and completely generalized molecular formulas. I next (...)
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  48.  16
    Ethics consultation in US hospitals: A national survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - forthcoming - Bioethics.
  49.  9
    Comments on Dadlez’s “Kitsch and Bullshit as Aesthetic and Epistemic Transgressions”.Landon W. Schurtz - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (2):5-8.
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  50.  14
    The Business of Complaining Ethically.Landon W. Schurtz - 2015 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 22 (2):35-44.
    Beginning from an analysis of what factors disqualify a person from complaining about a given moral breach, I show that the prima facie presumption that a complaint is justified in the face of non-moral offense in the context of a business transaction must be balanced against the potential consequences to the object of the complaint, especially given the particular realities of popular employment practices. In particular, I will identify three cases in which complamts are justified, presuming unjust employment arrangements, as (...)
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