Technology Ethics

Edited by Hector MacIntyre (University of Lethbridge)
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  1. The Case for Compulsory Surgical Smoke Evacuation Systems in the Operating Theatre.Daniel Rodger - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (2):130-135.
    Perioperative staff are frequently exposed to surgical smoke or plume created by using heat-generating devices like diathermy and lasers. This is a concern due to mounting evidence that this exposure can be harmful with no safe level of exposure yet identified. First, I briefly summarise the problem posed by surgical smoke exposure and highlight that many healthcare organisations are not sufficiently satisfying their legal and ethical responsibilities to protect their staff from potential harm. Second, I explore the ethical case for (...)
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  2. Please Like This Paper.Lucy McDonald - 2021 - Philosophy 96 (3):335-358.
    In this paper I offer a philosophical analysis of the act of ‘liking’ a post on social media. First, I consider what it means to ‘like’ something. I argue that ‘liking’ is best understood as a phatic gesture; it signals uptake and anoints the poster’s positive face. Next, I consider how best to theorise the power that comes with amassing many ‘likes’. I suggest that ‘like’ tallies alongside posts institute and record a form of digital social capital. Finally, I consider (...)
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  3. Leadership and Business Ethics for Technology Students.Jennie Khun - 2023 - In Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.), Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World. Engineering Science Reference.
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  4. Technoethics : An Analysis of Technological Assessment and Design Efficacy.Jennifer Fleming - 2023 - In Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.), Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World. Engineering Science Reference.
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  5. Technology Innovation and Adoption in the Modern Workplace : Reasons for Resistance, Ethical Concerns, Reassurances, and When to Say "No".Kelly Wibbenmeyer - 2023 - In Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.), Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World. Engineering Science Reference.
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  6. Facial Recognition Technology : Ethical and Legal Implication.Ellen Raineri, Erin Brennan & Audrey Ryder - 2023 - In Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.), Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World. Engineering Science Reference.
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  7. Information and Alterity : From Probability to Plasticity.Ashley Woodward - 2023 - In Natasha Lushetich, Iain Campbell & Dominic Smith (eds.), Contingency and Plasticity in Everyday Technologies. Rowman & Littlefield.
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  8. Contingency and Plasticity in Everyday Technologies.Natasha Lushetich, Iain Campbell & Dominic Smith (eds.) - 2023 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
    This book theorises technology and its host of social, material, and epistemic transformation techniques, tools, and methods as indeterminate through sixteen methodologically diverse contributions from media philosophy, art and architectural theory, mathematics, computer science, and anthropology scholars.
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  9. Correction: Community Heroes and Sleeping Members: Interdependency of the Tenets of Energy Justice.Mandi Astola, Erik Laes, Gunter Bombaerts, Bozena Ryszawska, Magdalena Rozwadowska, Piotr Szymanski, Anja Ruess, Sophie Nyborg & Meiken Hansen - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-2.
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  10. On the (Non-)Rationality of Human Enhancement and Transhumanism.David M. Lyreskog & Alex McKeown - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-18.
    The human enhancement debate has over the last few decades been concerned with ethical issues in methods for improving the physical, cognitive, or emotive states of individual people, and of the human species as a whole. Arguments in favour of enhancement defend it as a paradigm of rationality, presenting it as a clear-eyed, logical defence of what we stand to gain from transcending the typical limits of our species. If these arguments are correct, it appears that adults should in principle (...)
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  11. The Fair Chances in Algorithmic Fairness: A Response to Holm.Clinton Castro & Michele Loi - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-7.
    Holm (2022) argues that a class of algorithmic fairness measures, that he refers to as the ‘performance parity criteria’, can be understood as applications of John Broome’s Fairness Principle. We argue that the performance parity criteria cannot be read this way. This is because in the relevant context, the Fairness Principle requires the equalization of actual individuals’ individual-level chances of obtaining some good (such as an accurate prediction from a predictive system), but the performance parity criteria do not guarantee any (...)
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  12. The Call of the Hoatzin: Ecology, Evolution, and Eugenics at the Bronx Zoo.Katherine McLeod - 2022 - Centaurus 64 (3):683-704.
  13. Global Catastrophic Risk and the Drivers of Scientist Attitudes Towards Policy.Christopher Nathan & Keith Hyams - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-18.
    An anthropogenic global catastrophic risk is a human-induced risk that threatens sustained and wide-scale loss of life and damage to civilisation across the globe. In order to understand how new research on governance mechanisms for emerging technologies might assuage such risks, it is important to ask how perceptions, beliefs, and attitudes towards the governance of global catastrophic risk within the research community shape the conduct of potentially risky research. The aim of this study is to deepen our understanding of emerging (...)
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  14. Martin Heidegger’s ‘Dasein’ in an Emerging Digital Ecology.Ben van Lier - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-24.
    We are currently in the middle of the transformation from Martin Heidegger’s modern society to a society based on digital technology. In the developing digital society, humans in their current state of ‘Being’ are increasingly surrounded by systems that are networked and run based on algorithms, software, and data. These interconnected systems function, communicate, and interact in networks and driven by these algorithms, software, and data, which give them the ability to connect, calculate, and reveal. Jointly, these systems thus create (...)
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  15. Equity in AgeTech for Ageing Well in Technology-Driven Places: The Role of Social Determinants in Designing AI-based Assistive Technologies.Giovanni Rubeis, Mei Lang Fang & Andrew Sixsmith - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-15.
    AgeTech involves the use of emerging technologies to support the health, well-being and independent living of older adults. In this paper we focus on how AgeTech based on artificial intelligence may better support older adults to remain in their own living environment for longer, provide social connectedness, support wellbeing and mental health, and enable social participation. In order to assess and better understand the positive as well as negative outcomes of AI-based AgeTech, a critical analysis of ethical design, digital equity, (...)
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  16. Ecocentrism and Biosphere Life Extension.Karim Jebari & Anders Sandberg - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-19.
    The biosphere represents the global sum of all ecosystems. According to a prominent view in environmental ethics, ecocentrism, these ecosystems matter for their own sake, and not only because they contribute to human ends. As such, some ecocentrists are critical of the modern industrial civilization, and a few even argue that an irreversible collapse of the modern industrial civilization would be a good thing. However, taking a longer view and considering the eventual destruction of the biosphere by astronomical processes, we (...)
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  17. Joint Interaction and Mutual Understanding in Social Robotics.Sebastian Schleidgen & Orsolya Friedrich - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-20.
    Social robotics aims at designing robots capable of joint interaction with humans. On a conceptual level, sufficient mutual understanding is usually said to be a necessary condition for joint interaction. Against this background, the following questions remain open: in which sense is it legitimate to speak of human–robot joint interaction? What exactly does it mean to speak of humans and robots sufficiently understanding each other to account for human–robot joint interaction? Is such joint interaction effectively possible by reference, e.g., to (...)
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  18. Perceptions of Pharmacy Graduate Students Toward Research Ethics Education: A Cross-Sectional Study from a Developing Country.Wesam S. Ahmed, Amgad Ahmed, Karem H. Alzoubi & Camille Nebeker - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-18.
    Despite the potential value of graduate-level research ethics training, most Middle East countries, including Jordan, do not routinely offer formal research ethics training. In students enrolled in Jordanian master’s level graduate program in pharmacy, the current study assessed: 1- differences in pre- and post-enrollment exposure to research ethics core themes, 2- whether this exposure was through a formal course or in an informal setting, and 3- student attitudes towards research ethics education and the need for integrating a dedicated research ethics (...)
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  19. Autonomy of Attention.Kaisa Kärki - forthcoming - In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2021.
    What precisely does a distraction threaten? An agent who spends an inordinate amount of time attending to her smartphone – what precisely is she lacking? I argue that whereas agency of attention is the agent’s non-automatic decision-making on what she currently pays attention to, autonomy of attention is the agent, through her second-order desires, effectively interfering with her non-automatic decision-making on what she currently pays attention to. Freedom of attention is the agent’s possibility to hold or switch her focus of (...)
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  20. Managing the Responsibilities of Doing Good and Avoiding Harm in Sustainability-Orientated Innovations: Example From Agri-Tech Start-Ups in the Netherlands.Thomas B. Long & Vincent Blok - 2022 - In Putting Responsible Research and Innovation into Practice. A Multi-Stakeholder Approach. Dordrecht, Nederland: pp. 249-272.
    Responsible innovation (RI), also termed Responsible Research and Innovation, has emerged due to increasing concern over how to integrate ethical and societal values into research and innovation policy and governance (Von Schomberg 2013), in response to questioning of the societal role of science as well as populist resurgence in some countries (Long and Blok 2017a). Within a RI approach, innovators must consider three dimensions of responsibility, including the dimensions of (1) ‘avoiding harm’ to people and the planet, (2) ‘doing good’ (...)
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  21. Manipulative Design Through Gamification.W. Jared Parmer - 2022 - In Fleur Jongepier & Michael Klenk (eds.), The Philosophy of Online Manipulation. New York, NY, USA: Routledge. pp. 216-234.
    Gamification calls for cogent philosophical analysis and is a valuable opportunity to explore manipulative design, in which users are manipulated into doing something by using an artifact just as it is designed to be used. This chapter analyzes gamification as the implementation of inducements to striving play in artifacts that are not themselves games. Implementing such inducements is a species of a more generic form of design in which users are provided with tools for reasoning, along with scaffolding that putatively (...)
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  22. Nudges, Nudging, and Self-Guidance Under the Influence.W. Jared Parmer - forthcoming - Ergo.
    Nudging works through dispositions to decide with specific heuristics, and has three component parts. A nudge is a feature of an environment that enables such a disposition; a person is nudged when such a disposition is triggered; and a person performs a nudged action when such a disposition manifests in action. This analysis clarifies an autonomy-based worry about nudging as used in public policy or for private profit: that a person’s ability to reason well is undermined when she is nudged. (...)
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  23. Putting Responsible Research and Innovation Into Practice: A Multi-Stakeholder Approach.Vincent Blok (ed.) - 2022 - dordrecht: springer.
    This Open Access book builds on the experiences of one of the largest European projects in the domain of responsible Research and Innovation: NewHoRRIzon. It highlights the potential of and opportunity in responsible R&I to conduct innovation in a socially responsible way. Employing the methodology of Social Labs, the book analyses responsible R&I from an experience-based viewpoint and further explores the application of responsible R&I beyond scholarly and industrial interests. The contributors analyze the current European R&I landscape, provide reflection and (...)
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  24. Should We Dream of Designer Babies?Samantha Noll & Laci Hubbard-Mattix - 2019 - In Trip McCrossin (ed.), Blade Runner 2049 and Philosophy. New York, NY, USA:
    Seventy-five years before Niander Wallace brutally kills a newborn replicant in Blade Runner 2049, the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research was formed. Its formation led to the creation of the Belmont Report, which established guidelines for the treatment of human subjects. Wallace uses a scalpel as the instrument of disposal, of the newborn replicant, stabbing her in the womb, thereby ending her life moments after wishing her a happy birthday. The conjunction of (...)
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  25. Urban Agriculture and Environmental Imagination.Samantha Noll - 2019 - In Sharon Meagher, Samantha Noll & Joseph S. Biehl (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the City. New York, NY, USA: pp. 100-130.
    While we are currently experiencing a renaissance in philosophical work on agriculture and food ( Barnhill, Budolfson, & Doggett 2016 ; Thompson 2015 ; Kaplan 2012 ), these topics were common sources of discussion throughout the three-thousand-year history of Western thought. For example, the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle (2014 ) explored connections between fulfi lling human promise and systems of agriculture ( Thompson & Noll 2015 ) and Hippocrates (1923 ) stressed the importance of cultivating agricultural products provided by nature (...)
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  26. Introduction: Transforming Philosophy and the City.Samantha Noll - 2019 - In Sharon Meagher, Samantha Noll & Joseph S. Biehl (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the City. New York, NY, USA: pp. 1-30.
    Since the 1960s, the field of urban studies has blossomed in the United States and the United Kingdom, but philosophers participated very little until recently. We are now seeing Western philosophy both return to its urban roots and develop in new directions that ancient Greek philosophers based in Athens never could have imagined. Of all the disciplines, philosophy is one of the most ancient, and it is rooted in ancient cities; indeed, we could argue that philosophy was demanded by the (...)
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  27. Responsible Innovation in the Age of Science Conspiracism.Eugen O. Popa & Vincent Blok - 2022 - Journal of Responsible Innovation 1 ( 1):1.
    Responsible innovation is centered around the ideal that societal stakeholders are entitled to participate in scientific and technological decision-making by voicing their needs and worries. Individuals who believe in science conspiracies (referred to here as ‘science conspiracists’) pose a challenge to implementing this ideal because it is not clear under what conditions their inclusion in responsible innovation exercises is possible and advisable. Yet precisely because of this uncertain status, science conspiracists constitute an instructive case in point to travel towards the (...)
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  28. What Effects Does Technology Have on Responsive Leadership Style?Ibidayo Awosola - 2023 - In Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.), Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World. Engineering Science Reference.
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  29. Günther Anders' Philosophy of Technology: From Phenomenology to Critical Theory.Babette E. Babich - 2022 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic, Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
    Gunter Anders' Philosophy of Technology is the first comprehensive exploration of the ground-breaking work of German thinker Gunter Anders. Anders' philosophy has become increasingly prescient in our digitised, technological age as his work predicts the prevalence of social media, ubiquitous surveillance and the turn to big data. Anders' ouevre also explored the technologies of nuclear power and the biotech concerns for the human and transhuman condition which have become so central to current theory. Babette Babich argues that Anders offers important (...)
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  30. Ethical Reasoning.Michael Boylan - 2022 - In Michael Boylan & Wanda Teays (eds.), Ethics in the Ai, Technology, and Information Age. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  31. Nature' as a Background Condition.Michael Boylan - 2022 - In Michael Boylan & Wanda Teays (eds.), Ethics in the Ai, Technology, and Information Age. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  32. Computing and Technology Ethics: Engaging Through Science Fiction.Emanuelle Burton - 2023 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    Provides a comprehensive introduction to ethical frameworks and of many of the modern issues arising in technology ethics including computing, privacy, artificial intelligence, and more.
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  33. Ethics and Risks Associated with Self-Driving Automobiles.Tamara Fudge - 2023 - In Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.), Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World. Engineering Science Reference.
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  34. Exploring Ethical Problems in Today's Technological World.Tamara Phillips Fudge (ed.) - 2022 - Hershey PA: Engineering Science Reference.
    This volume will focus on ethical dilemmas created by today's ever-changing technologies and how these issues have affected individuals, companies, and society to include policies, responsibilities, abuses, consequences, whistle-blowing, and other factors in a wide variety of technology areas.
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  35. From Technological Humanity to Bio-Technical Existence.Susanna Lindberg - 2023 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Explores the relationship between technics and humanity, tracing the emergence of a bio-technical conception of existence in contemporary continental philosophy.
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  36. Transformative Technologies, the Status Quo and (Religious) Institutions.Morgan Luck & Stephen Clarke - 2022 - In Michael Boylan & Wanda Teays (eds.), Ethics in the Ai, Technology, and Information Age. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  37. Glosario de filosofía de la técnica.Diego Parente, Agustín Berti & Claudio Celis Bueno (eds.) - 2022 - [Adrogué?, Argentina]: La Cebra.
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  38. Unconscious Networks: Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, and Artificial Intelligence.Luca M. Possati - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book develops an original theoretical framework for understanding human-technology relations. The author's approach, which he calls technoanalysis, analyzes artificial intelligence based on Freudian psychoanalysis, biosemiotics, and Latour's actor-network theory. How can we communicate with AI to determine shared values and objectives? And what, ultimately, do we want from machines? These are crucial questions in our world, where the influence of AI-based technologies is rapidly growing. Unconscious dynamics influence AI and digital technology and understanding them is essential to better controlling (...)
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  39. Transformative Technologies, the Status Quo and (Religious) Institutions.Morgan Luck & Stephen Clarke - 2022 - In Michael Boylan & Wanda Teays (eds.), Ethics in the AI, Technology, and Information Age. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  40. Nature' as a Background Condition.Michael Boylan - 2022 - In Michael Boylan & Wanda Teays (eds.), Ethics in the AI, Technology, and Information Age. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  41. Ethical Reasoning.Michael Boylan - 2022 - In Michael Boylan & Wanda Teays (eds.), Ethics in the AI, Technology, and Information Age. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  42. Information and Alterity : From Probability to Plasticity.Ashley Woodward - 2023 - In Natasha Lushetich, Iain Campbell & Dominic Smith (eds.), Contingency and plasticity in everyday technologies. Rowman & Littlefield.
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  43. Designing Genetic Engineering Technologies For Human Values.Steven Umbrello - 2022 - Etica E Politica (2):481-510.
    Genetic engineering technologies are a subclass of the biotechnology family, and are concerned with the use of laboratory-based technologies to intervene with a given organism at the genetic level, i.e., the level of its DNA. This class of technologies could feasibly be used to treat diseases and disabilities, create disease-resistant crops, or even be used to enhance humans to make them more resistant to certain environmental conditions. However, both therapeutic and enhancement applications of genetic engineering raise serious ethical concerns. This (...)
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  44. Digital Working Lives: Worker Autonomy and the Gig Economy.Tim Christiaens - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Recent innovations in digital technologies are fundamentally transforming the world of work. A digital gig economy is emerging that threatens to displace traditional labour relations based on legally regulated labour contracts. Companies like Uber, Deliveroo, or Amazon Mechanical Turk rely increasingly on 'independent contractors' who earn piece-rate wages by completing tasks sent to them via their smartphones. This development understandably pushes workers to desire more autonomy, but what would workers' autonomy mean in the digital age? This book argues that the (...)
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  45. Technology Ethics: A Philosophical Introduction and Readings.Gregory Robson & Jonathan Y. Tsou (eds.) - forthcoming - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    The first of its kind, this anthology in the burgeoning field of technology ethics offers students and other interested readers 32 chapters, each written in an accessible and lively manner specifically for this volume. The chapters are conveniently organized into five sections: I. Perspectives on Technology and its Value II. Technology and the Good Life III. Computer and Information Technology IV. Technology and Business V. Biotechnologies and Enhancement A hallmark of the volume is multidisciplinary contributions both in analytic and continental (...)
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  46. The Ethos of Digital Environments: Technology, Literary Theory and Philosophy.Hanna-Riikka Roine & Susanna Lindberg (eds.) - 2021 - New York: Routledge.
    This collection of articles from both distinguished and emerging authors working at the intersections of philosophy, literary theory, media, and technology does not intend to fix new moral rules. Instead, the volume explores the ethos of digital environments, asking how we can orient ourselves in them and inviting us to renewed moral reflection in the face of dilemmas they entail.
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  47. Filosofia e tecnologia: una via di uscita dalla mente digitale.Roberto Finelli - 2022 - Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier.
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  48. AI, Opacity, and Personal Autonomy.Bram Vaassen - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (4):1-20.
    Advancements in machine learning have fuelled the popularity of using AI decision algorithms in procedures such as bail hearings, medical diagnoses and recruitment. Academic articles, policy texts, and popularizing books alike warn that such algorithms tend to be opaque: they do not provide explanations for their outcomes. Building on a causal account of transparency and opacity as well as recent work on the value of causal explanation, I formulate a moral concern for opaque algorithms that is yet to receive a (...)
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  49. AI and the Expert; a Blueprint for the Ethical Use of Opaque AI.Amber Ross - forthcoming - AI and Society.
    The increasing demand for transparency in AI has recently come under scrutiny. The question is often posted in terms of “epistemic double standards”, and whether the standards for transparency in AI ought to be higher than, or equivalent to, our standards for ordinary human reasoners. I agree that the push for increased transparency in AI deserves closer examination, and that comparing these standards to our standards of transparency for other opaque systems is an appropriate starting point. I suggest that a (...)
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  50. Technology Ethics of N. Fedorov as a Successor of Nietzsche’s Idea of Self-Overcoming: The Upbringing of the Superman and the Science.A. A. Kosorukova - 2019 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):363-372.
    The article is devoted to the consideration of the general principles of understanding of human development by N. F. Fedorov and F. Nietzsche. The article considers Fedorov’s philosophy of the common task to be a partial continuation of the general contours of Nietzsche's thought about the will to power. Nietzsche’s position is viewed through the prism of the concept of the will to power as a vital force overcoming the nihilistic devaluation of values. The concept of Fedorov is considered, first (...)
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