Results for 'Joel Adu-Brimpong'

996 found
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  1.  21
    Effect of anxiety on behavioural pattern separation in humans.Nicholas L. Balderston, Ambika Mathur, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Elizabeth A. Hale, Monique Ernst & Christian Grillon - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (2).
  2. Varieties of extended emotions.Joel Krueger - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):533-555.
    I offer a preliminary defense of the hypothesis of extended emotions (HEE). After discussing some taxonomic considerations, I specify two ways of parsing HEE: the hypothesis of bodily extended emotions (HEBE), and the hypothesis of environmentally extended emotions (HEEE). I argue that, while both HEBE and HEEE are empirically plausible, only HEEE covers instances of genuinely extended emotions. After introducing some further distinctions, I support one form of HEEE by appealing to different streams of empirical research—particularly work on music and (...)
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  3.  30
    In Contradiction, A Study of the Transconsistent.Joel M. Smith - 1991 - Noûs 25 (3):380-383.
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  4. Explanation in dynamical cognitive science.Joel Walmsley - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (3):331-348.
    In this paper, I outline two strands of evidence for the conclusion that the dynamical approach to cognitive science both seeks and provides covering law explanations. Two of the most successful dynamical models—Kelso’s model of rhythmic finger movement and Thelen et al.’s model of infant perseverative reaching—can be seen to provide explanations which conform to the famous explanatory scheme first put forward by Hempel and Oppenheim. In addition, many prominent advocates of the dynamical approach also express the provision of this (...)
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  5.  23
    Experimentalists and naturalists in twentieth-century botany: Experimental taxonomy, 1920?1950.Joel B. Hagen - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):249-270.
  6.  51
    Inconsistency and scientific reasoning.Joel M. Smith - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):429-445.
    This is a philosophical and historical investigation of the role of inconsistent representations of the same scientific phenomenon. The logical difficulties associated with the simultaneous application of inconsistent models are discussed. Internally inconsistent scientific proposals are characterized as structures whose application is necessarily tied to the confirming evidence that each of its components enjoys and to a vision of the general form of the theory that will resolve the inconsistency. Einstein's derivation of the black body radiation law is used as (...)
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  7.  16
    Models as signs of the imaginary: Peirce, Pierce, Langer, and the non-discursive sign.Joel West - 2022 - Semiotica 2022 (245):63-78.
    It is common for us to see models as exemplars of things that exist. Models, instead, are merely Peircean indexes, in that they only point to their objects, objects which may in themselves not exist. This is to say that these examples may only exist as thoughts that point to other thoughts or even ideas that point to objects that may not exist because they are paradoxical.
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  8.  71
    Every countable model of set theory embeds into its own constructible universe.Joel David Hamkins - 2013 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 13 (2):1350006.
    The main theorem of this article is that every countable model of set theory 〈M, ∈M〉, including every well-founded model, is isomorphic to a submodel of its own constructible universe 〈LM, ∈M〉 by means of an embedding j : M → LM. It follows from the proof that the countable models of set theory are linearly pre-ordered by embeddability: if 〈M, ∈M〉 and 〈N, ∈N〉 are countable models of set theory, then either M is isomorphic to a submodel of N (...)
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  9. Species concepts should not conflict with evolutionary history, but often do.Joel D. Velasco - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):407-414.
    Many phylogenetic systematists have criticized the Biological Species Concept (BSC) because it distorts evolutionary history. While defenses against this particular criticism have been attempted, I argue that these responses are unsuccessful. In addition, I argue that the source of this problem leads to previously unappreciated, and deeper, fatal objections. These objections to the BSC also straightforwardly apply to other species concepts that are not defined by genealogical history. What is missing from many previous discussions is the fact that the Tree (...)
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  10.  12
    The Quest for Humane Termination of Intractable Suffering May Be an Uphill Struggle, Not a Downhill Slide on a Slippery Slope.Joel Yager, Thomas B. Strouse & Jonathan Treem - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (11):107-109.
    By titling his paper “Slowing the Slide Down the Slippery Slope of Medical Assistance in Dying: Mutual Learnings for Canada and the US,” Daryl Pullman, an esteemed medical ethicist, uses a rhetoric...
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  11.  35
    Darwin, Wallace, and the Descent of Man.Joel S. Schwartz - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):271 - 289.
  12.  30
    How previous experience shapes perception in different sensory modalities.Joel S. Snyder, Caspar M. Schwiedrzik, A. Davi Vitela & Lucia Melloni - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  13.  14
    Wollaston and His Critics.Joel Feinberg - 1977 - Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (2):345-352.
    This article defends the ethical theory of william wollaston against the objections of hume and later writers who uncritically accepted hume's account of what wollaston said. I then argue that the true flaws in wollaston's view that all wrongdoing is false representing are that it cannot explain why some immoral acts are worse than others, And it presupposes antecedent moral principles of a different kind. I conclude that wollaston's theory, While failing as a general account of all immorality, Can nevertheless (...)
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  14.  17
    Striving for Health Equity through Medical, Public Health, and Legal Collaboration.Joel B. Teitelbaum, Joanna Theiss & Colleen Healy Boufides - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S2):104-107.
    This article discusses the ways in which law functions as a determinant of health, historical collaborations between the health and legal professions, the benefits of creating medical-public health-legal collaborations, and how viewing law through a collaborative, population health lens can lead to health equity.
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  15.  20
    A sociabilidade insociável e a antropologia kantiana.Joel Thiago Klein - 2013 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 25 (36):265.
    Neste artigo apresenta-se o significado do conceito de sociabilidade insociável e de sua importância para a filosofia histórico-política de Kant. Defendem-se aqui duas teses importantes: primeira, que esse conceito se insere essencialmente num paradigma biológicoteleológico em vez de físico-mecânico; segunda, que a insociabilidade deve ser compreendida como se referindo a inclinações e não a paixões, o que, por sua vez, permite pensá-la em concordância com um progresso moral também dos indivíduo.
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  16.  23
    Scientific Reasoning or Damage Control: Alternative Proposals for Reasoning with Inconsistent Representations of the World.Joel M. Smith - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:241 - 248.
    Inconsistent representations of the world have in fact played and should play a role in scientific inquiry. However, it would seem that logical analysis of such representations is blocked by the explosive nature of deductive inference from inconsistent premisses. "Paraconsistent logics" have been suggested as the proper way to remove this impediment and to make explication of the logic of inconsistent scientific theories possible. I argue that installing paraconsistent logic as the underlying logic for scientific inquiry is neither a necessary (...)
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  17.  18
    Ecologists and taxonomists: Divergent traditions in twentieth-century plant geography.Joel B. Hagen - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):197-214.
    The distinction between taxonomic plant geography and ecological plant geography was never absolute: it would be historically inaccurate to portray them as totally divergent. Taxonomists occasionally borrowed ecological concepts, and ecologists never completely repudiated taxonomy. Indeed, some botanists pursued the two types of geographic study. The American taxonomist Henry Allan Gleason (1882–1975), for one, made noteworthy contributions to both. Most of Gleason's research appeared in short articles, however. He never published a major synthetic work comparable in scope or influence to (...)
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  18. The marriage of Marx and Freud: Critical Theory and psychoanalysis.Joel Whitebook - 2004 - In Fred Rush (ed.), The Cambridge companion to critical theory. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 74--102.
     
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  19.  40
    Universal common ancestry, LUCA, and the Tree of Life: three distinct hypotheses about the evolution of life.Joel Velasco - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):31.
    Common ancestry is a central feature of the theory of evolution, yet it is not clear what “common ancestry” actually means; nor is it clear how it is related to other terms such as “the Tree of Life” and “the last universal common ancestor”. I argue these terms describe three distinct hypotheses ordered in a logical way: that there is a Tree of Life is a claim about the pattern of evolutionary history, that there is a last universal common ancestor (...)
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  20.  7
    Zur Ausdifferenzierung von Sentenz und Aphorismus in „Jenseits von gut und böse“ und Jenseits von Gut und Böse.Joel Westerdale - 2013 - In Axel Pichler & Marcus Andreas Born (eds.), Texturen des Denkens: Nietzsches Inszenierung der Philosophie in Jenseits von Gut Und Böse. Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 87-106.
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  21.  17
    On significative exergy: Toward a logomachics of education.Joel White - 2021 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 54 (5):477-488.
    The conceptual gambit of this article is to propose that the notion of anti-entropy should be complemented by that of exergy investment or destruction, a term first proposed by Zoran Rant in 1956. It argues that one of Bernard Stiegler’s most important interventions into deconstruction is the thermodynamic reformulation of Derridean différance. I argue that we should view the idea of anti-entropy as likewise the displacement of entropy to an external system. With the notion of exergy, it becomes possible to (...)
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  22.  1
    Commentary.Joel Yellin - 1984 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 9 (1):126-129.
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  23.  41
    The Case of Samuel Golubchuk.Joel B. Zivot - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):56-57.
  24.  27
    Michel Foucault: a Marcusean in Structuralist Clothing.Joel Whitebook - 2002 - Thesis Eleven 71 (1):52-70.
    Foucault's rejection of the repressive hypothesis is generally taken as a critique of Freud. Its real target is, however, the left Freudian tradition, which received its paradigmatic articulation in the work of Herbert Marcuse. Marcuse sought to show that the conflict between the repressive demands of civilization and instinctual desires of the individual didn't represent a transhistorical state of affairs, as Freud maintained. He argues, rather, that it represents a particular historical constellation that can be transcended. Foucault purports to reject (...)
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  25.  11
    Darwin, Wallace, and Huxley, and Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation.Joel S. Schwartz - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (1):127-153.
  26.  16
    Reflections on Medicine and Membership: A Response to Hauerwas, McKenny, Verhey, and Kinghorn.Joel J. Shuman - 2016 - Christian Bioethics 22 (1):39-44.
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  27.  15
    Position effect variegation in Drosophila: Towards a genetics of chromatin assembly.Joel C. Eissenberg - 1989 - Bioessays 11 (1):14-17.
    The formation of a highly condensed chromosome structure (heterochromatin) in a region of a eukaryotic chromosome can inactivate the genes within that region. Genetic studies using the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster have identified several essential genes which influence the formation of heterochromatin. My purpose in this review is to summarize some recent work on the genetics of heterochromatin assembly in Drosophila and a recent model for how chromosomal proteins may interact to form a heterochromatic structure.
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  28.  48
    Post's problem for supertasks has both positive and negative solutions.Joel David Hamkins & Andrew Lewis - 2002 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 41 (6):507-523.
    The infinite time Turing machine analogue of Post's problem, the question whether there are semi-decidable supertask degrees between 0 and the supertask jump 0∇, has in a sense both positive and negative solutions. Namely, in the context of the reals there are no degrees between 0 and 0∇, but in the context of sets of reals, there are; indeed, there are incomparable semi-decidable supertask degrees. Both arguments employ a kind of transfinite-injury construction which generalizes canonically to oracles.
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  29.  65
    The Species Problem.Joel D. Velasco - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (4):598-602.
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  30. Volume 48A. How institutions matter : from the micro foundations of institutional impacts to the Macro consequences of institutional arrangements.Joel Gehman, Michael Lounsbury & Royston Greenwood - 2017 - In Joel Gehman, Michael Lounsbury & Royston Greenwood (eds.), How institutions matter! United Kingdom: Emerald Group Publishing.
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  31.  14
    Compactly representing utility functions using weighted goals and the max aggregator.Joel Uckelman & Ulle Endriss - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence 174 (15):1222-1246.
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  32.  52
    Philosophical Hermeneutics and Literary Theory.Joel Weinsheimer - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (3):528-529.
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  33.  74
    First nature and second nature in Hegel and psychoanalysis.Joel Whitebook - 2008 - Constellations 15 (3):382-389.
  34. Beauty and Generalized Conditionalization: Reply to Horgan and Mahtani.Joel Pust - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (3):687-700.
    Horgan and Mahtani (Erkenntnis 78: 333–351, 2013) present a new argument for the 1/3 answer to the Sleeping Beauty problem resting on a principle for updating probabilities which they call “generalized conditionalization.” They allege that this new argument is immune to two attacks which have been recently leveled at other arguments for thirdism. I argue that their new argument rests on a probability distribution which is (a) no more justified than an alternative distribution favoring a different answer to the problem, (...)
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  35.  24
    Darwin, Wallace, and Huxley, and "Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation".Joel S. Schwartz - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (1):127 - 153.
    Publication of the Vestiges and the rather primitive theory of evolution it expounded thus played a significant role in the careers of Darwin and Wallace. In addition, in spite of his poor opinion of the Vestiges, it presented Huxley with a convenient topic for critical discussion and the opportunity to focus more attention on the subject of evolution. The dynamic interactions among these leading figures of nineteenth-century natural science helped spur the development of more sophisticated models of evolution.Darwin had a (...)
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  36.  49
    The Foundations of Concordance Views of Phylogeny.Joel D. Velasco - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Despite the enormous importance and widespread use of the term, it is unclear exactly what a phylogeny represents. It is important to define phylogeny precisely since other central terms like “clade” and “monophyletic” are often defined relative to phylogenetic trees and on some views in taxonomy, taxa must be clades. Edwards presents the common picture in contemporary systematics as depending on the existence of a “species tree” in which phylogeny “records the branching pattern of evolving lineages through time”. But what, (...)
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  37.  27
    Emile boutroux, redefining science and faith in the third republic.Joel Revill - 2009 - Modern Intellectual History 6 (3):485-512.
    Historians have convincingly shown the extent to which Protestantism played a role in the founding of the Third Republic, undermining the once canonical claim that republicanism and religion were implacably hostile opponents in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Catholics, however, continue to be viewed as nearly universally antirepublican. Analyzing the writings of philosopher Emile Boutroux and his students, this article shows how the specifically Catholic concern with the relationship between free will and scientific concepts of determinism both influenced (...)
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  38. Intention et presence: La notion de presentialitas au xive siecle.Joël Biard - 2001 - In Dominik Perler (ed.), Ancient and medieval theories of intentionality. Leiden: Brill. pp. 76--265.
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  39. Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local.Joel Samoff & B. Carrol - 2007
     
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  40. Mark 1–8: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary.Joel Marcus - 2000
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  41. édition critique et traduction de Blaise de Parme, Questions sur la Physique, IV, qu. 4 et 5.Joël Biard & Sabine Rommevaux - 2012 - In Joël Biard & Sabine Rommevaux (eds.), La nature et le vide dans la physique médiévale. Turnhout: Brepols Publishers.
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  42.  13
    Case Studies: What Is the Difference between an HIV and a CBC?Joel D. Howell & Carl Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):18.
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  43. Ethics and Green Marketing.J. D. Joel - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (2):81-87.
     
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  44.  12
    Slavoj Žižek Remixed: “I consider this a total misreading of my position”.Joel Katelnikoff - 2018 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 12 (2).
    This essay is a cut-up / remix / montage of the work of Slavoj Žižek. It is a recombination of materials from his critical publications, including The Sublime Object of Ideology, For They Know Not What They Do, The Fragile Absolute: Or, Why is the Christian Legacy Worth Fighting For?, Welcome to the Desert of the Real, The Parallax View, In Defense of Lost Causes, First As Tragedy, Then As Farce, Absolute Recoil: Towards a New Foundation of Dialectical Materialism, and (...)
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  45. El sentido Del universo en teilhard de chardin.Joel Rodríguez Patino - 1989 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 49:29.
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  46. Preservar a Mãe Terra.Joel Braz Pataxó - 2014 - In Maria Pankararu & Edson Kayapó (eds.), Memória da Mãe Terra. [Olivença, Bahia, Brazil]: Thydêwá.
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  47.  5
    Sheʼelah shel zeman: Froid bi-reʼi ha-zemaniyut shel Haideger.Joel Pearl - 2011 - Ramat-Gan: Universiṭat Bar-Ilan.
  48.  8
    Homeric Voices: Discourse, Memory, Gender.Joel Christensen - 2009 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 102 (2):196-197.
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  49.  8
    Divided loyalties: transdetermination and the genetics of tissue regeneration.Joel C. Eissenberg - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (6):574-577.
    Most tissues contain cells capable of the self‐renewal and differentiation necessary to maintain tissue and organ integrity. These somatic stem cells are generally thought to have limited developmental potential. The mechanisms that restrict cell fate decisions in somatic stem cells are only now being understood. This understanding will be important in the clinical exploitation of adult stem cells in tissue repair and replacement. Experiments performed over fifty years ago in Drosophila showed that developmental restriction could be relaxed in the proliferating (...)
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  50.  18
    Les hommes et les choses.Joël Janiaud - 2009 - Archives de Philosophie 72 (4):607-626.
    Cet article est consacré au thème de la déshumanisation chez Simone Weil. Elle cherche à expliquer la facilité avec laquelle les individus sont dépouillés de leur humanité et traités comme de simples choses. La phénoménologie éthique d’Emmanuel Levinas est sollicitée pour éclairer les analyses weiliennes. L’accent est particulièrement mis sur l’importance de l’attention en éthique et sur la complexe et ambiguë conception weilienne de l’individu, entité à la fois personnelle et impersonnelle.This article focuses on dehumanization in the writings of Simone (...)
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