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  1. Shopping for Experts.Gabriele Contessa - forthcoming - Synthese.
    This paper explores the socio-epistemic practice of shopping for experts. I argue that expert shopping is particularly likely to occur on what Thi Nguyen calls cognitive islands (i.e., a domain that is both subtle and isolated). To support my claim, I focus on the case of macroeconomics. First, I make a prima-facie case for thinking that macroeconomics is a cognitive island. I, then, argue that ordinary people are particularly likely to engage in expert shopping when it comes to macroeconomic matters. (...)
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  2. Is There a Duty to Speak Your Mind?Michael Hannon - forthcoming - Social Epistemology.
    In his recent book, Joshi (2021) argues that the open exchange of ideas is essential for the flourishing of individuals and society. He provides two arguments for this claim. First, speaking your mind is essential for the common good: we enhance our collective ability to reach the truth if we share evidence and offer different perspectives. Second, speaking your mind is good for your own sake: it is necessary to develop your rational faculties and exercise intellectual independence, both of which (...)
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  3. Ahlak Sosyolojisi: Metodolojik, Teorik ve Pratik Açıdan Bir Değerlendirme.Hüseyin Çil - 2021 - Ankara, Türkiye: Nobel Yayıncılık.
    Ahlak ve ilişkili konular, içinde bulunduğumuz dönemde psikolojinin çeşitli alt disiplinlerinin ortak ilgisi olarak görünüyor. Ahlaka artan bilimsel ilginin olası pek çok sebebi olabilir ancak günümüz toplumsal yaşamının pratik açıdan ahlakı anlamak, tanımlamak, tesis etmek ihtiyacı da meseleye ayrı bir boyut kazandırıyor. “Daha ahlaklı bir toplum mümkün mü ya da ahlaklı bireyleri en etkin nasıl yetiştiririz?” sorularını yanıtlamanın önündeki en önemli engel, ahlakın herkesçe mutabık kalınan evrensel bir çerçeveden yoksun olmasıdır. İşte bilimsel ilgi de bu noktada işlevsellik kazanıyor. Ayrıca zamanımıza (...)
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  4. Policy Styles and Epistemic Policies in the Regulation of Health Claims. A Comparison of Europe, the United States, and Japan.Noemí Sanz Merino - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-17.
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  5. Review: The Epistemology of Groups by Jennifer Lackey. [REVIEW]Simon Graf - forthcoming - Perspectives.
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  6. Deliberation and Confidence Change.Nora Heinzelmann & Stephan Hartmann - manuscript
    We argue that social deliberation may increase an agent's confidence and credence under certain circumstances. An agent considers a proposition H and assigns a probability to it. However, she is not fully confident that she herself is reliable in this assignment. She then endorses H during deliberation with another person, expecting him to raise serious objections. To her surprise, however, the other person does not raise any objections to H. How should her attitudes toward H change? It seems plausible that (...)
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  7. Harnessing Moral Psychology to Reduce Meat Consumption.Joshua May & Victor Kumar - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
    How can we make moral progress on factory farming? Part of the answer lies in human moral psychology. Meat consumption remains high, despite increased awareness of its negative impact on animal welfare. Weakness of will is part of the explanation: acceptance of the ethical arguments doesn’t always motivate changes in dietary habits. However, we draw on scientific evidence to argue that many consumers aren’t fully convinced that they morally ought to reduce their meat consumption. We then identify two key psychological (...)
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  8. On Anticipatory Epistemic Injustice: Replies to Eric Bayruns García and Trystan S. Goetze.Ji-Young Lee - 2021 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective.
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  9. Social Epistemology of Education.Mona Simion - 2020 - In Michael A. Peters (ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory.
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  10. Body Politics and Democracy.Gundula Ludwig - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):537-554.
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  11. Identity Politics, Liberalism, and the Democratizing Power of Biopolitics.Matthew MacLellan - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):555-569.
  12. Populism, Acclamation, and Democracy: The Politics of Glory in the Populist Era.Juan Pablo Aranda Vargas - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):481-495.
  13. Populism, Acclamation, and Democracy: The Politics of Glory in the Populist Era.Juan Pablo Aranda Vargas - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):481-495.
  14. Luxemburg: Democratic Possibilities and Limits of Populism.Angela Maione - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):466-480.
  15. Luxemburg: Democratic Possibilities and Limits of Populism.Angela Maione - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):466-480.
  16. The Silent Majority, Populism and the Shadow Sides of Democracy.Michael Follert - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):455-465.
  17. The Silent Majority, Populism and the Shadow Sides of Democracy.Michael Follert - 2021 - Constellations 28 (4):455-465.
  18. History of Human Science Laboratories.Alexandra A. Argamakova - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-16.
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  19. Self-Trust and Critical Thinking Online: A Relational Account.Lavinia Marin & Samantha M. Copeland - manuscript
    An increasingly popular solution to the anti-scientific climate rising on social media platforms has been the appeal to more critical thinking from the user's side. In this paper, we zoom in on the ideal of critical thinking and unpack it in order to see, specifically, whether it can provide enough epistemic agency so that users endowed with it can break free from enclosed communities on social media (so called epistemic bubbles). We criticise some assumptions embedded in the ideal of critical (...)
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  20. A Probabilistic Analysis of Cross-Examination Using Bayesian Networks.Marcello Di Bello - 2021 - Philosophical Issues 31 (1):41-65.
    The legal scholar Henry Wigmore asserted that cross-examination is ‘the greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of truth.’ Was Wigmore right? Instead of addressing this question upfront, this paper offers a conceptual ground clearing. It is difficult to say whether Wigmore was right or wrong without becoming clear about what we mean by cross-examination; how it operates at trial; what it is intended to accomplish. Despite the growing importance of legal epistemology, there is virtually no philosophical work that (...)
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  21. The Structure of Scientific Controversies: Thomas Kuhn’s Social Epistemology.Paulo Pirozelli - forthcoming - Filosofia Unisinos:1-17.
    Changes of theories are major events in science. Two main types of questions may be asked about them: i) how do scientists choose new theories?, and ii) how is consensus formed? Generally, philosophers do not distinguish these two questions. Kuhn, on the contrary, offers very different answers to each of these questions. Theory-choice, on the one hand, is explained through the application of epistemic criteria, such as accuracy and consistency; nonetheless, because these values do not prescribe a single choice, consensus (...)
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  22. Behavioral Political Economy and Democratic Theory: Fortifying Democracy for the Digital Age.Petr Špecián - forthcoming - Londýn, Velká Británie: Routledge.
    Drawing on current debates at the frontiers of economics, psychology, and political philosophy, this book explores the challenges that arise for liberal democracies from a confrontation between modern technologies and the bounds of human rationality. -/- With the ongoing transition of democracy’s underlying information economy into the digital space, threats of disinformation and runaway political polarization have been gaining prominence. Employing the economic approach informed by behavioral sciences’ findings, the book’s chief concern is how these challenges can be addressed while (...)
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  23. Epistemological Solipsism as a Route to External World Skepticism.Grace Helton - 2021 - Philosophical Perspectives 35 (1):229-250.
    I show that some of the most initially attractive routes of refuting epistemological solipsism face serious obstacles. I also argue that for creatures like ourselves, solipsism is a genuine form of external world skepticism. I suggest that together these claims suggest the following morals: No proposed solution to external world skepticism can succeed which does not also solve the problem of epistemological solipsism. And, more tentatively: In assessing proposed solutions to external world skepticism, epistemologists should explicitly consider whether those solutions (...)
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  24. Epistemology and the Pandemic: Lessons From an Epistemic Crisis.Petr Špecián - forthcoming - Social Epistemology.
    Many democratic countries have failed to stand up to the challenge presented by the COVID-19 pandemic. I argue that the collective response to the pandemic has been incapacitated by an ‘epistemic crisis’, (i.e., a breakdown in the social division of epistemic labor) that led to a failure of citizens’ beliefs to converge towards a shared perception of the situation. Neither a paucity of relevant expert knowledge nor democratic citizens’ irrationality is required for the crisis to emerge. In particular, I highlight (...)
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  25. The Dialectic of Progress and the Cultivation of Resistance in Critical Social Theory.Iaan Reynolds - 2021 - Social Epistemology 1:1-12.
    Beginning with the influential discussion of the dialectic of progress found in Amy Allen’s The End of Progress, this paper outlines some difficulties encountered by critical theories of normative justification drawing on the early Frankfurt School. Characterizing Adorno and Horkheimer’s critical social theory as a dialectical reflection eschewing questions of normative foundations, I relate their well-known treatment of the dialectic of enlightenment reason and myth to their critique of capitalist society as a negative totality. By exploring the concepts of historical (...)
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  26. Rozum jako konstrukt interpretacyjny. Transcendentalizm Hansa Lenka.Alicja Pietras - 2011 - In Hubert T. Mikołajczyk (ed.), Res Philosophica. Szkice z filozofii współczesnej. Słupsk, Polska: pp. 121-131.
  27. DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL CAPITAL IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS.Anna Shutaleva, Evgeniya Putilova, Evgeniya Ivanova, Elena Melnikova & Evgeny Knysh - 2021 - European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences 118:860-868.
    The article is devoted to educational opportunities for the formation of social capital. Social capital is manifested in the ability of people to communicate and work together. Analysis of the concept of social capital allows understanding the foundations of social interaction, the need for trust, and the relationship between the formation and distribution of the social trust, norms, and social capital itself. Social capital does not exist outside people. Social capital cannot be characterized as an attribute of a separate individual. (...)
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  28. Reclaiming Control: Extended Mindreading and the Tracking of Digital Footprints.Uwe Peters - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-16.
    It is well known that on the Internet, computer algorithms track our website browsing, clicks, and search history to infer our preferences, interests, and goals. The nature of this algorithmic tracking remains unclear, however. Does it involve what many cognitive scientists and philosophers call ‘mindreading’, i.e., an epistemic capacity to attribute mental states to people to predict, explain, or influence their actions? Here I argue that it does. This is because humans are in a particular way embedded in the process (...)
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  29. Epistemic authority and rhetorical strategies in crisis circumstances.Petar Nurkić - manuscript
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  30. An Epistemic Argument for an Egalitarian Public Sphere.Michael Bennett - 2020 - Episteme 1.
    The public sphere should be regulated so the distribution of political speech does not correlate with the distribution of income or wealth. A public sphere where people can fund any political speech from their private holdings is epistemically defective. The argument has four steps. First, if political speech is unregulated, the rich predictably contribute a disproportionate share. Second, wealth tends to correlate with substantive political perspectives. Third, greater quantities of speech by the rich can “drown out” the speech of the (...)
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  31. Social Epistemology and Validation in Agent-Based Social Simulation.David Anzola - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1333-1361.
    The literature in agent-based social simulation suggests that a model is validated when it is shown to ‘successfully’, ‘adequately’ or ‘satisfactorily’ represent the target phenomenon. The notion of ‘successful’, ‘adequate’ or ‘satisfactory’ representation, however, is both underspecified and difficult to generalise, in part, because practitioners use a multiplicity of criteria to judge representation, some of which are not entirely dependent on the testing of a computational model during validation processes. This article argues that practitioners should address social epistemology to achieve (...)
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  32. Hijacking the Postmodern Project: Post-Truth and the Need to De-Politicize Epistemological Dispute.Alexander Ruser - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-10.
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  33. Misinformation and the Limits of Individual Responsibility.Boyd Millar - 2021 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 10 (12):8-21.
    The issue of how best to combat the negative impacts of misinformation distributed via social media hangs on the following question: are there methods that most individuals can reasonably be expected to employ that would largely protect them from the negative impact that encountering misinformation on social media would otherwise have on their beliefs? If the answer is “yes,” then presumably individuals bear significant responsibility for those negative impacts; and, further, presumably there are feasible educational remedies for the problem of (...)
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  34. The Charisma of Reason During the Re-Enchantment of the World.Olga E. Stoliarova - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-10.
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  35. Do Political Attitudes Matter for Epistemic Decisions of Scientists?Vlasta Sikimić, Tijana Nikitović, Miljan Vasić & Vanja Subotić - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (4):775-801.
    The epistemic attitudes of scientists, such as epistemic tolerance and authoritarianism, play important roles in the discourse about rivaling theories. Epistemic tolerance stands for the mental attitude of an epistemic agent, e.g., a scientist, who is open to opposing views, while epistemic authoritarianism represents the tendency to uncritically accept views of authorities. Another relevant epistemic factor when it comes to the epistemic decisions of scientists is the skepticism towards the scientific method. However, the question is whether these epistemic attitudes are (...)
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  36. A vela e o caminho (da construção coletiva do saber).Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa - 2011 - Revista Teias, Programa de Pós-Graduação Em Educação 12 (25):238-258.
    O artigo em questão se detém no método baconiano, que emerge através do Novum Organum (ou Verdadeiras Indicações acerca da Interpretação da Natureza) e acena com a pretensão de possibilitar o verdadeiro progresso da ciência, que demanda, em suma, a erradicação das predisposições para o erro, dos preconceitos e das noções falsas que impedem o acesso à verdade, dos “ídolos”, enfim, segundo a leitura de Bacon, que propõe o controle científico sobre a natureza como fator determinante da harmonia e do (...)
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  37. Salience Perspectives.Ella Whiteley - 2019 - Dissertation, Cambridge University
    In the philosophy of language and epistemology, debates often centre on what content a person is communicating, or representing in their mind. How that content is organised, along dimensions of salience, has received relatively little attention. I argue that salience matters. Mere change of salience patterns, without change of content, can have dramatic implications, both epistemic and moral. Imagine two newspaper articles that offer the same information about a subject, but differ in terms of what they headline. These articles can (...)
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  38. Harmful Salience Perspectives.Ella Whiteley - forthcoming - In Sophie Archer (ed.), Salience: A Philosophical Inquiry. pp. Chapter 11.
    Consider a terrible situation that too many women find themselves in: 85,000 women are raped in England and Wales alone every year. Many of these women do not bring their cases to trial. There are multiple reasons that they might not want to testify in the courts. The incredibly low conviction rate is one. Another reason, however, might be that these women do not want the fact that they were raped to become the most salient thing about them. More specifically, (...)
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  39. The Signaling Function of Sharing Fake Stories.Marianna Bergamaschi Ganapini - 2021 - Mind and Language.
    Why do people share or publicly engage with fake stories? Two possible answers come to mind: (a) people are deeply irrational and believe these stories to be true; or (b) they intend to deceive their audience. Both answers presuppose the idea that people put the stories forward as true. But I argue that in some cases, these outlandish (yet also very popular) stories function as signals of one's group membership. This signaling function can make better sense of why, despite their (...)
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  40. Models of Opinion Dynamics and Mill-Style Arguments for Opinion Diversity.Bert Baumgaertner - 2018 - Historical Social Research 43 (1):210-33.
    John Stuart Mill advocated for increased interactions between individuals of dissenting opinions for the reason that it would improve society. Whether Mill and similar arguments that advocate for opinion diversity are valid depends on background assumptions about the psychology and sociality of individuals. The field of opinion dynamics is a burgeoning testing ground for how different combinations of sociological and psychological facts contribute to phenomena that affect opinion diversity, such as polarization. This paper applies some recent results from the opinion (...)
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  41. Why Europe Does not Need a Constitution: On the Limits of Constituent Power as a Tool for Democratization.Aliénor Ballangé - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-18.
    In this article, I question the use of the notion of ‘constituent power’ as a tool for the democratization of the European Union. Rather than seeing the absence of a transnational constituent power as a cause of the EU’s ‘democratic deficit’, I identify it as an opportunity for unfettered democratic participation. Against the reification of power-in-action into a power-constituted-in-law, I argue that the democratization of the EU can only be achieved through the multiplication of ‘constituent moments’. I begin by deconstructing (...)
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  42. The Virtues of Truth: On Democracy’s Epistemic Value.Zhichao Tong - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Drawing on Bernard Williams's Truth and Truthfulness and Miranda Fricker's Epistemic Justice, this article presents an epistemic argument for democracy on the basis of its ability to incentivize mo...
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  43. Book Review: Public Art and the Fragility of Democracy: An Essay in Political Aesthetics. [REVIEW]Greg M. Nielsen - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
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  44. Horizontal Experimentalism: Rethinking Democratic Resistance.Rahel Süß - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Major debates on democratic renewal suggest two ways of eliciting social change: either by strengthening vertical practices of representation or by expanding horizontal forms of participation. The...
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  45. ‘Beyond Civil Bounds’: The Demos, Political Agency, Subjectivation and Democracy's Boundary Problem.Maxim Asseldonk - forthcoming - Constellations.
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  46. The Implications of Deliberative Democracy in Wenling for the Experimental Approach: Deliberative Systems in Authoritarian China.Li-Chia Lo - forthcoming - Constellations.
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  47. Allotted Chambers as Defenders of Democracy.Peter Stone & Anthoula Malkopoulou - forthcoming - Constellations.
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  48. Second‐Personal Authority and the Practice of Democracy1.Emanuela Ceva & Valeria Ottonelli - forthcoming - Constellations.
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  49. Democracy Requires Organized Collective Power.Steven Klein - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  50. Beyond the “Formidable Circle”: Race and the Limits of Democratic Inclusion in Tocqueville's Democracy in America.Christine Dunn Henderson - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
1 — 50 / 6114