Results for 'Douglas P. O'Bannon'

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  1. The Corporate Social-Financial Performance Relationship.Lee E. Preston & Douglas P. O'Bannon - 1997 - Business and Society 36 (4):419-429.
    This research note analyzes the relationship between indicators of corporate social and financial performance within a comprehensive theoretical framework. The results, based on data for 67 large U.S. corporations for 1982-1992, reveal no significant negative social-financial performance relationships and strong positive correlations in both contemporaneous and lead-lag formulations.
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  2. Medical students' involvement in patient care.H. Rakatansky, F. A. Riddick, L. J. Morse, J. M. O'Bannon, M. S. Goldrich, P. Ray, R. M. Sade, M. A. Spillman, M. Weiss & K. Morin - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (2):111-115.
     
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  3.  43
    Best Interest of the Child: Surrogate Decision Making and the Economics of Externalities. [REVIEW]Joseph P. DeMarco, Douglas P. Powell & Douglas O. Stewart - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):289-298.
    The case of Twin B involves the decision to send a newborn to a less intensive Level 2 special care nursery (SCN) than to the Level 3 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that is considered optimal by the physician. The physician’s acceptance of the transfer is against the child’s best interest and is due to parental convenience. In analyzing the case, we reject the best interest standard. Our rejection is partly supported by the views of Douglas Diekema, John Hardwig, (...)
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  4.  22
    Evaluating the Harm Principle and the Best Interest of the Child: A Case Resolved Using Standard Microeconomics Principles.Douglas O. Stewart & Joseph P. De Marco - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):76-78.
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  5.  50
    An economic theory of patient decision-making.Douglas O. Stewart & Joseph P. DeMarco - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (3):153-164.
    Patient autonomy, as exercised in the informed consent process, is a central concern in bioethics. The typical bioethicist's analysis of autonomy centers on decisional capacity—finding the line between autonomy and its absence. This approach leaves unexplored the structure of reasoning behind patient treatment decisions. To counter that approach, we present a microeconomic theory of patient decision-making regarding the acceptable level of medical treatment from the patient's perspective. We show that a rational patient's desired treatment level typically departs from the level (...)
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  6.  73
    Rational Noncompliance with Prescribed Medical Treatment.Douglas O. Stewart & Joseph P. DeMarco - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):277-290.
    Patient noncompliance with physician prescriptions, especially in nonsymptomatic chronic diseases, is frequently characterized in the literature as harmful and economically costly (Miller 1997).1 Nancy Houston Miller views patient noncompliance as harmful because noncompliance can result in continued or new health problems leading to hospital admissions. Further, she places the annual monetary cost of noncompliance at $100 billion.Patient noncompliance with prescribed treatment is considered the least understood form of health behavior (Coons 2001). Despite the plethora of attention in journal articles, the (...)
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  7.  50
    Rejoinder.Douglas O. Stewart & Joseph P. DeMarco - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):137-138.
  8.  18
    A Taxonomy and an Ethicist’s Toolbox: Mapping a Plurality of Normative Approaches.Paul J. Ford, Douglas O. Stewart, Joseph P. DeMarco & Sharon L. Feldman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):78-80.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 78-80.
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  9.  25
    Is There an Ethical Obligation to Disclose Controversial Risk? A Question From the ACCORD Trial.Joseph P. DeMarco, Paul J. Ford, Dana J. Patton & Douglas O. Stewart - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):4-10.
    Researchers designing a clinical trial may be aware of disputed evidence of serious risks from previous studies. These researchers must decide whether and how to describe these risks in their model informed consent document. They have an ethical obligation to provide fully informed consent, but does this obligation include notice of controversial evidence? With ACCORD as an example, we describe a framework and criteria that make clear the conditions requiring inclusion of important controversial risks. The ACCORD model consent document did (...)
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  10.  4
    European and American Philosophers.John Marenbon, Douglas Kellner, Richard D. Parry, Gregory Schufreider, Ralph McInerny, Andrea Nye, R. M. Dancy, Vernon J. Bourke, A. A. Long, James F. Harris, Thomas Oberdan, Paul S. MacDonald, Véronique M. Fóti, F. Rosen, James Dye, Pete A. Y. Gunter, Lisa J. Downing, W. J. Mander, Peter Simons, Maurice Friedman, Robert C. Solomon, Nigel Love, Mary Pickering, Andrew Reck, Simon J. Evnine, Iakovos Vasiliou, John C. Coker, Georges Dicker, James Gouinlock, Paul J. Welty, Gianluigi Oliveri, Jack Zupko, Tom Rockmore, Wayne M. Martin, Ladelle McWhorter, Hans-Johann Glock, Georgia Warnke, John Haldane, Joseph S. Ullian, Steven Rieber, David Ingram, Nick Fotion, George Rainbolt, Thomas Sheehan, Gerald J. Massey, Barbara D. Massey, David E. Cooper, David Gauthier, James M. Humber, J. N. Mohanty, Michael H. Dearmey, Oswald O. Schrag, Ralf Meerbote, George J. Stack, John P. Burgess, Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Nicholas Jolley, Adriaan T. Peperzak, E. J. Lowe, William D. Richardson, Stephen Mulhall & C. - 2017 - In Robert L. Arrington (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophers. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 109–557.
    Peter Abelard (1079–1142 ce) was the most wide‐ranging philosopher of the twelfth century. He quickly established himself as a leading teacher of logic in and near Paris shortly after 1100. After his affair with Heloise, and his subsequent castration, Abelard became a monk, but he returned to teaching in the Paris schools until 1140, when his work was condemned by a Church Council at Sens. His logical writings were based around discussion of the “Old Logic”: Porphyry's Isagoge, aristotle'S Categories and (...)
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  11.  30
    Expanding autonomy; contracting informed consent.Joseph P. DeMarco & Douglas O. Stewart - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):35 – 36.
  12.  21
    Response to the Open Peer Commentaries on “Is There an Ethical Obligation to Disclose Controversial Risk? A Question From the ACCORD Trial”.Joseph P. DeMarco, Paul J. Ford, Dana J. Patton & Douglas O. Stewart - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):W1 - W2.
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  13. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis.David C. Whitcomb, Jessica LaRusch, Alyssa M. Krasinskas, Lambertus Klei, Jill P. Smith, Randall E. Brand, John P. Neoptolemos, Markus M. Lerch, Matt Tector, Bimaljit S. Sandhu, Nalini M. Guda, Lidiya Orlichenko, Samer Alkaade, Stephen T. Amann, Michelle A. Anderson, John Baillie, Peter A. Banks, Darwin Conwell, Gregory A. Coté, Peter B. Cotton, James DiSario, Lindsay A. Farrer, Chris E. Forsmark, Marianne Johnstone, Timothy B. Gardner, Andres Gelrud, William Greenhalf, Jonathan L. Haines, Douglas J. Hartman, Robert A. Hawes, Christopher Lawrence, Michele Lewis, Julia Mayerle, Richard Mayeux, Nadine M. Melhem, Mary E. Money, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Georgios I. Papachristou, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Joseph Romagnuolo, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Stuart Sherman, Peter Simon, Vijay P. Singh, Adam Slivka, Donna Stolz, Robert Sutton, Frank Ulrich Weiss, C. Mel Wilcox, Narcis Octavian Zarnescu, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Michael R. O'Connell, Michelle L. Kienholz, Kathryn Roeder & M. Micha Barmada - unknown
    Pancreatitis is a complex, progressively destructive inflammatory disorder. Alcohol was long thought to be the primary causative agent, but genetic contributions have been of interest since the discovery that rare PRSS1, CFTR and SPINK1 variants were associated with pancreatitis risk. We now report two associations at genome-wide significance identified and replicated at PRSS1-PRSS2 and X-linked CLDN2 through a two-stage genome-wide study. The PRSS1 variant likely affects disease susceptibility by altering expression of the primary trypsinogen gene. The CLDN2 risk allele is (...)
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  14.  10
    Terence Wilmot Hutchison 1912-2007.D. P. O'Brien - 2009 - In O'Brien D. P. (ed.), Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 161, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, VIII. pp. 179.
    Terence Wilmot Hutchison, a Fellow of the British Academy, was a historian of economics, methodologist, and acerbic critic of hubris and pretension amongst economists. He was born at Bournemouth and grew up in London. Hutchison's father was the flamboyant and much married Robert Langton Douglas, while his mother was Grace Hutchison. It was as a classicist that he went to the University of Cambridge in 1931. But Hutchison quickly lost interest in a subject that seemed to him to have (...)
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  15.  39
    On the ranked points of a Π1 0 set.Douglas Cenzer & Rick L. Smith - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (3):975-991.
    This paper continues joint work of the authors with P. Clote, R. Soare and S. Wainer (Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, vol. 31 (1986), pp. 145--163). An element x of the Cantor space 2 ω is said have rank α in the closed set P if x is in $D^\alpha(P)\backslash D^{\alpha + 1}(P)$ , where D α is the iterated Cantor-Bendixson derivative. The rank of x is defined to be the least α such that x has rank α in (...)
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  16.  53
    Peer-review practices of psychological journals: The fate of published articles, submitted again.Douglas P. Peters & Stephen J. Ceci - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):187-255.
    A growing interest in and concern about the adequacy and fairness of modern peer-review practices in publication and funding are apparent across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Although questions about reliability, accountability, reviewer bias, and competence have been raised, there has been very little direct research on these variables.The present investigation was an attempt to study the peer-review process directly, in the natural setting of actual journal referee evaluations of submitted manuscripts. As test materials we selected 12 already published (...)
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  17.  11
    The American Debate on Nuclear Weapons Policy.Douglas P. Lackey - 1987 - Analyse & Kritik 9 (1-2):7-46.
    Criticism of nuclear weapons policies often misses the target through ignorance of the policies that are actually in effect. This essay recounts the development of American nuclear weapons policies, together with a history of the criticisms of these policies presented by nuclear strategists and moral philosophers.
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  18. Peer-review practices of psychological journals: The fate of published articles, submitted again.Douglas P. Peters & Stephen J. Ceci - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):187-195.
    A growing interest in and concern about the adequacy and fairness of modern peer-review practices in publication and funding are apparent across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Although questions about reliability, accountability, reviewer bias, and competence have been raised, there has been very little direct research on these variables.
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  19.  41
    Philosophy in Africa: trends and perspectives.P. O. Bodunrin (ed.) - 1985 - Ile-Ife, Nigeria: University of Ife Press.
  20.  19
    A religião em cena: perspectivas de investigação (Religion on the scene: perspectives of investigation) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n23p883. [REVIEW]Douglas Rodrigues da Conceição - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (23):883-896.
    O presente ensaio parte dos problemas enfrentados pela religião no âmbito do mundo moderno e sua particular compreensão de ciência. Pontualmente, ocupou-se em problematizar as querelas por ela enfrentadas quando a então embrionária modernidade estabelecia seus novos paradigmas científicos, motivando, portanto, o seu profundo deslocamento. Assevera-se, a partir daí, cada vez mais, uma inadequação da religião enquanto alvo a ser perspectivado pelo movimento científico nascente. A religião, portanto, não se viu pertencida aos debates produzidos pelo mundo moderno, nem tampouco pelo (...)
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  21.  40
    Pacifism and the Just War.Douglas P. Lackey - 1993 - Noûs 27 (4):546-548.
  22.  9
    Philosophy of value: concepts and issues.Douglas I. O. Anele, Modestus N. Onyeaghalaji & Peter Osimiri (eds.) - 2021 - Lagos, Nigeria: University of Lagos, Press and Bookshop.
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  23.  55
    Immoral Risks: A Deontological Critique of Nuclear Deterrence: DOUGLAS P. LACKEY.Douglas P. Lackey - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):154-175.
    I. Beyond Utilitarianism In the summer of 1982, I published an article called “Missiles and Morals,” in which I argued on utilitarian grounds that nuclear deterrence in its present form is not morally justifiable. The argument of “Missiles and Morals” compared the most likely sort of nuclear war to develop under nuclear deterrence with the most likely sort of nuclear war to develop under American unilateral nuclear disaramament. For a variety of reasons, I claimed diat the number of casualties in (...)
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  24.  28
    The relevance of nomadic forager studies to moral foundations theory: moral education and global ethics in the twenty-first century.Douglas P. Fry & Geneviève Souillac - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (3):346-359.
    Moral foundations theory (MFT) proposes the existence of innate psychological systems, which would have been subjected to selective forces over the course of evolution. One approach for evaluating MFT, therefore, is to consider the proposed psychological foundations in relation to the reconstructed Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness. This study draws upon ethnographic data on nomadic forager societies to evaluate MFT. Moral foundations theory receives support only regarding the Caring/harm and Fairness/cheating foundations but not regarding the proposed Loyalty/betrayal and Authority/subversion foundations. These (...)
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  25.  9
    Showing Movement in Children's Pictures: a study of the effectiveness of some non‐mimetic representations of motion.Douglas P. Newton - 1984 - Educational Studies 10 (3):255-261.
    (1984). Showing Movement in Children's Pictures: a study of the effectiveness of some non‐mimetic representations of motion. Educational Studies: Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 255-261.
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  26.  33
    A New Disproof of the Compatibility of Foreknowledge and Free Choice: DOUGLAS P. LACKEY.Douglas P. Lackey - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (3):313-318.
    Old philosophical problems never die, but they can be reinterpreted. In this paper, I offer a reinterpretation of the problem of reconciling divine omniscience and human free will. Classical discussions of this problem concentrate on the nature of God and the concept of free will. The present discussion will focus attention on the concept of knowledge, drawing on developments in epistemology that resulted from the posing of a certain problem by Edmund Gettier in 1963.
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  27.  14
    The Whitehead Correspondence.Douglas P. Lackey - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 5:14.
  28. Taking Risk Seriously.Douglas P. Lackey - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (11):633-640.
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  29.  28
    Peer-review research: Objections and obligations.Douglas P. Peters & Stephen J. Ceci - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):246-255.
  30.  89
    Divine Omniscience and Human Privacy.Douglas P. Lackey - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:383-391.
    This paper argues that there is a conflict between divine omniscience and the human right to privacy. The right to privacy derives from the right to moral autonomy, which human persons possess even against a divine being. It follows that if God exists and persists in knowing all things, his knowledge is a non-justifiable violation of a human right. On the other hand, if God exists and restricts his knowing in deference to human privacy, it follows that he cannot fulfill (...)
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  31.  90
    Missiles and morals: A utilitarian look at nuclear deterrence.Douglas P. Lackey - 1982 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (3):189-231.
  32.  19
    Peer review: Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.Douglas P. Peters & Stephen J. Ceci - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):747-750.
  33.  8
    Knowing what Counts as Understanding in Different Disciplines: Some 10-year-old children's conceptions.Douglas P. Newton - 1999 - Educational Studies 25 (1):35-54.
    Understanding is not of the same kind in all contexts. Children learn the kind of understanding that is appropriate in particular contexts largely through a process of enculturation. This study examines some aspects of 10-year-old children's conceptions of understanding. There was evidence that they had admissible conceptions of understanding in general but may be unable to distinguish unaided between the kinds of understanding that are relevant in different disciplines. An explicit attention to enculturation in lesson plans may be of benefit (...)
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  34.  11
    Relevance and science education.Douglas P. Newton - 1988 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):7–12.
  35.  24
    Cultural differences and the practice of medicine.Douglas P. Davis - 1993 - Health Care Analysis 1 (1):101-102.
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  36.  15
    Suárez and the Problem of Positive Evil.Douglas P. Davis - 1991 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 (3):361-372.
  37. The Privation Account of Evil: H. J. McCloskey and Francisco Suarez.Douglas P. Davis - 1987 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 61:199.
     
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  38.  25
    The Privation Account of Evil.Douglas P. Davis - 1987 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 61:199-208.
  39. The Question of African Philosophy.P. O. Bodunrin - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (216):161 - 179.
    Philosophy in Africa has for more than a decade now been dominated by the discussion of one compound question, namely, is there an African philosophy, and if there is, what is it? The first part of the question has generally been unhesitatingly answered in the affirmative. Dispute has been primarily over the second part of the question as various specimens of African philosophy presented do not seem to pass muster. Those of us who refuse to accept certain specimens as philosophy (...)
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  40.  15
    Divine Omniscience and Human Privacy.Douglas P. Lackey - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:383-391.
    This paper argues that there is a conflict between divine omniscience and the human right to privacy. The right to privacy derives from the right to moral autonomy, which human persons possess even against a divine being. It follows that if God exists and persists in knowing all things, his knowledge is a non-justifiable violation of a human right. On the other hand, if God exists and restricts his knowing in deference to human privacy, it follows that he cannot fulfill (...)
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  41. Moral Principles and Nuclear Weapons.Douglas P. Lackey - 1987 - Ethics 97 (2):457-472.
     
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  42.  20
    Aspects of Time, by George Schlesinger. [REVIEW]Douglas P. Lackey - 1982 - Noûs 16 (2):324-328.
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  43. Douglas P. Lackey -- the moral case for unilateral nuclear disarmament.Douglas P. Lackey - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):157-171.
  44.  6
    Chapter ten. The human Quest for peace, rights, and justice.Douglas P. Fry & Geneviève Souillac - 2014 - In Johanna Seibt & Jesper Garsdal (eds.), How is Global Dialogue Possible?: Foundational Reseach on Value Conflicts and Perspectives for Global Policy. De Gruyter. pp. 225-250.
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  45.  7
    Introduction: Indigenous insights.Douglas P. Fry & Geneviève Souillac - 2016 - Common Knowledge 22 (1):8-24.
    This essay, which introduces the fifth installment of the Common Knowledge symposium “Peace by Other Means,” explores four ethnographically observed areas in which indigenous knowledge and practice hold insights for the prevention and reduction of enmity in the modern world. The four, very broadly, are values and norms that nurture peace, exceptional capacity for and recognition of the necessity of cooperation, exceptionally flexible and multilayered definitions of identity, and rituals that effect and strengthen peace. Neither this essay nor the symposium (...)
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  46.  32
    Toward an Ethical Standard for Coerced Mental Health Treatment: Least Restrictive or Most Therapeutic?Douglas P. Olsen - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (3):235-246.
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  47.  32
    Informed consent practices of Chinese nurse researchers.Douglas P. Olsen, Honghong Wang & Samantha Pang - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (2):179-187.
    Nursing research in China is at an early stage of development and little is known about the practices of Chinese nurse researchers. This interview study carried out at a university in central China explores the informed consent practices of Chinese nurse researchers and the cultural considerations of using a western technique. Nine semistructured interviews were conducted in English with assistance and simultaneous translation from a Chinese nurse with research experience. The interviews were analyzed by one western and two Chinese researchers (...)
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  48. What are the modern classics? The Baruch poll of great philosophy in the twentieth century.Douglas P. Lackey - 1999 - Philosophical Forum 30 (4):329–346.
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  49.  18
    Moral Principles and Nuclear Weapons.Douglas P. Lackey - 1984 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  50.  4
    David Savan 1916-1992.Douglas P. Dryer - 1992 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (1):31 - 32.
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