History of Science

Edited by Stephen Weldon (University of Oklahoma)
Assistant editor: Zili Dong (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. Ernst Mach’s Contribution to the Philosophy of Science in Light of Mary B. Hesse’s Postempiricism.Pietro Gori - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (11):383-411.
    Ernst Mach’s definition of the relationship between thoughts and facts is well known, but the question of how Mach conceived of their actual relationship has received much less attention. This paper aims to address this gap in light of Mary B. Hesse’s view of a postempiricist approach to natural science. As this paper will show, this view is characterized by a constructivist conception of the relationship between theory and facts that seems to be consistent with Mach’s observations on scientific knowledge. (...)
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  2. The Jesuits and the Quiet Side of the Scientific Revolution.Louis Caruana - 2008 - In Thomas Worcester (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Jesuits. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 243-260.
    Working from within the Lakatosian framework of scientific change, this paper seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the Jesuits’ role in the scientific revolution during the years of Galileo’s trials and the subsequent century. Their received research program was Aristotelian cosmology. Their efforts to construct protective belts to shield the core principles were fueled not only by the basic instinct to conserve but also by the impact of official prohibitions from the side of Church authorities. The paper illustrates how (...)
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  3. Ciencia Colonial, Facultad de Medicina y Farmacia at Edukasyong Medikal: Kolonyal na Tugon sa Suliranin sa Sakit, Dantaon 19.John Adrianfer Atienza - 2019 - Tala Kasaysayan: An Online Journal of History 2 (2):123-164.
    Saksi ang huling bahagi ng ika-19 na dantaon sa panaka-nakang pagbaba’t pagtaas ng populasyon sa kapuluan. Isinaad na pangunahing sanhi ng malaking kabawasan sa bilang ng tao ay ang pagdapo at paglaganap ng sakit, tulad ng kolera sa kapuluan sa mga taong nabanggit. Kaalinsabay ng pagbaba’t pagtaas ng populasyon sa kapuluan, nasaksihan din sa kasagsagan ng dantaon ang malawakang pag-unlad ng agham na ginamit ng mga Espanyol bilang kanilang kalamangan sa hakbang ng kolonisasyon. Gayunman, hindi maitatatwa na nagdulot din ng (...)
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  4. De la collecte à la collection : le cas croisé de la collection Dupuytren et de la Société d’anatomie de Paris au XIXe siècle.Juliette Ferry-Danini - forthcoming - In Claire Crignon, Julie Cheminaud & Danielle Seilhean (eds.), La collection Dupuytren, entre art et science. Paris, France:
    Aujourd’hui délaissées, parfois devenues gênantes, les collections médicales furent pourtant à l’avant-garde du renouveau de la médecine au début du XIXe siècle, avant que celle-ci ne devienne la médecine telle que nous la connaissons aujourd’hui. Selon une vision courante de l’histoire de la médecine, les collections médicales auraient perdu de leur utilité lorsque la médecine a accédé au statut de science expérimentale, les musées d’anatomie faisant alors place aux laboratoires. Les collections d’anatomie-pathologie comme le musée Dupuytren ne seraient que le (...)
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  5. Problem Aksiologis Penggunaan Subjek Manusia Dalam Kasus Hipotermia Nazi.Banin Diar Sukmono - 2017 - Cogito: Jurnal Mahasiswa Filsafat 4 (1):45-57.
    Artikel ini bertujuan untuk memperlihatkan pentingnya prinsip penghargaan atas subjek dalam penelitian ilmiah. Dengan menjadikan kasus hipotermia Nazi sebagai contoh, artikel ini akan menunjukkan masalah yang terjadi saat prinsip penghargaan atas subjek absen dalam andaian aksiologis penelitian. Metode yang digunakan dalam artikel ini adalah evaluasi kritis dalam tataran prinsip dan kerangka riset. Hasil evaluasi menunjukkan bahwa ketidakhadiran prinsip penghargaan atas subjek adalah konsekuensi logis atas lemahnya kerangka riset yang dijalankan Nazi dalam penelitian hipotermianya. Dengan kata lain, problem non-epistemik yang tidak (...)
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  6. “The Tempting Girl, I Know so Well”: Representations of Gout and the Self-Fashioning of Bohemian Humanist Scholars.Lucie Storchová - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (6):511-530.
    The current study deals with the representation of gout in Bohemian humanist literature and its impact on the cultural definitions of being a humanist scholar from the 1550s to the 1620s. Bohemian humanists produced a number of brief autobiographical remarks and lengthy Latin poems dealing with gout or its personified form, podagra. After analysing Bohemian medical treatises, the author focuses on the gout-related imagery from a gender perspective. The main section of the study deals with how the disease was gendered (...)
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  7. Ordre Et Désordre du Monde: Enquête Sur les Meteors, de la Renaissance À L’Age Moderne, Edited by Thierry Belleguic and Anouchka Vasak, 2013. [REVIEW]Ivano Dal Prete - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (4):416-419.
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  8. The Living Record: Alan Lomax and the World Archive of Movement.Whitney E. Laemmli - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (5):23-51.
    In 1965, the American folklorist Alan Lomax set out on a mission: to view, code, catalogue and preserve the totality of the world’s dance traditions. Believing that dance carried otherwise inaccessible information about social structures, work practices and the history of human migration, Lomax and his collaborators gathered more than 250,000 feet of raw film footage and analyzed it using a new system of movement analysis. Lomax’s aims, however, went beyond the merely scientific. He hoped to use his ‘Choreometrics’ project (...)
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  9. Blind Windows.Cadence Kinsey - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (5):154-182.
    This article analyses Camille Henrot’s 2013 film Grosse Fatigue in relation to the histories of hypermedia and modes of interaction with the World Wide Web. It considers the development of non-hierarchical systems for the organisation of information, and uses Grosse Fatigue to draw comparisons between the Web, the natural history museum and the archive. At stake in focusing on the way in which information is organised through hypermedia is the question of subjectivity, and this article argues that such systems are (...)
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  10. Babbage Among the Insurers: Big 19th-Century Data and the Public Interest.Daniel C. S. Wilson - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (5):129-153.
    This article examines life assurance and the politics of ‘big data’ in mid-19th-century Britain. The datasets generated by life assurance companies were vast archives of information about human longevity. Actuaries distilled these archives into mortality tables – immensely valuable tools for predicting mortality and so pricing risk. The status of the mortality table was ambiguous, being both a public and a private object: often computed from company records they could also be extrapolated from public projects such as the census, or (...)
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  11. Polytheism and Personality: Aspects of the Intellectual Relationship Between Weber and Troeltsch.Mark D. Chapman - 1993 - History of the Human Sciences 6 (2):1-33.
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  12. Taming the New History: Alain Corbin and the Politics of Translation.Philippe Carrard - 1993 - History of the Human Sciences 6 (3):79-90.
    Alain Corbin, The Village of Cannibals, trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1992. 164 pp.
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  13. Laura Meneghello, Jacob Moleschott—A Transnational Biography: Science, Politics, and Popularization in Nineteenth-Century Europe, Bielefeld: Transcript-Verlag, 2018. Isis 109, No. 4 (December 2018): 874–875. [REVIEW]Gabriel Finkelstein - 2018 - Isis 109:874–875.
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  14. Consideraciones sobre algunos aspectos lógicos del giro lingüístico.Eduardo Dib - 2007 - In Hugo Aguilar & Marisa Moyano (eds.), Sentido y performatividad: La construcción discursiva de lo real. Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina: pp. 109-121.
    Regarding the linguistic turn in History of Ideas, there are logical topics to be considered in order to increase the accuracy of reconstruccions oriented to describe and explain conceptual formations of the past. This paper propose an overview of these topics and a methodological approach to deal with its difficulties.
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  15. Reason Beyond Rand: Did Enlightenment Values Persist Among Cold War Intellectuals?Jamie Cohen-Cole - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):122-126.
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  16. History and Identity in Hayden White’s The Practical Past. [REVIEW]Torbjörn Gustafsson Chorell - 2016 - History of the Human Sciences 29 (1):128-135.
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  17. To Obey and to Tell.Greg Hollin - 2016 - History of the Human Sciences 29 (1):123-127.
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  18. Mysticism in the Courtroom in 19th-Century Europe.Andrea Graus - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):21-40.
    This article examines how and why criminal proceedings were brought against alleged cases of Catholic mysticism in several European countries during modernity. In particular, it explores how criminal charges were derived from mystical experiences and shows how these charges were examined inside the courtroom. To bring a lawsuit against supposed mystics, justice systems had to reduce their mysticism to ‘facts’ or actions involving a breach of the law, usually fraud. Such accusations were not the main reason why alleged mystics were (...)
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  19. Alexandre Brierre de Boismont and the Limits of the Psychopathological Gaze.Enric J. Novella - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):41-59.
    One of the most remarkable implications of psychological medicine in the transition from the 18th to the 19th century was the advent of a new way of looking at the human being and new tools for analysing not only behaviour and individual experience, but also historical events, collective behavioural patterns or complex cultural achievements. Unsurprisingly, the deployment of this gaze could not advance without there being a series of disputes and controversies about its reach and the limits to its indiscriminate (...)
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  20. Reason Beyond Rand: Did Enlightenment Values Persist Among Cold War Intellectuals? [REVIEW]Jamie Cohen-Cole - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):122-126.
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  21. Reasoning One’s Way Through the Cold War.Thomas Sturm - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):131-138.
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  22. Salerno’s Lombard Prince: Johannes ‘Abbas de Curte’ as Medical Practitioner.Florence Eliza Glaze - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (3):177-216.
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  23. Henry More and William Petty: Revisiting an Early Modern Polemic.Mihnea Dobre - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (3):244-264.
  24. Théories et modèles en sciences humaines. Le cas de la géographie.Franck Varenne - 2017 - Paris, France: Editions Matériologiques.
    Face à la diversité et à la complexification des modes de formalisation, une épistémologie des méthodes scientifiques doit confronter directement ses analyses à une pluralité d’études de cas comparatives. C’est l’objectif de cet ouvrage. -/- Aussi, dans une première partie, propose-t-il d’abord une classification large et raisonnée des différentes fonctions de connaissance des théories, des modèles et des simulations (de fait, cette partie constitue un panorama d’épistémologie générale particulièrement poussé). C’est ensuite à la lumière de cette classification que les deux (...)
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  25. Medical Martyrs: Nineteenth-Century Representations of Early Modern Inquisitorial Persecution of Spanish Physicians.Andrew Keitt - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (1-2):135-158.
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  26. The Mind of the Censor: Girolamo Rossi, a Physician and Censor for the Congregation of the Index.Hannah Marcus - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (1-2):14-33.
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  27. The Heart of Heresy: Inquisition, Medicine, and False Sanctity.Bradford Bouley - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (1-2):34-52.
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  28. Contra Medicos: Physicians Facing the Inquisition in Sixteenth-Century Venice.Alessandra Celati - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (1-2):72-91.
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  29. Anatomy of a Scandal: Physicians Facing the Inquisition in Late Seventeenth-Century Rome.Maria Pia Donato - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (1-2):53-71.
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  30. “Speaking with the Fire”: The Inquisition Confronts Mesoamerican Divination to Treat Child Illness in Sixteenth-Century Guatemala.Martha Few - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (1-2):159-176.
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  31. Proti primitivismu: Gombrichova kritika moderního umění.Tomas Hribek - 2009 - In Ladislav Kesner & František Mikš (eds.), Gombrich: porozumět umění a jeho dějinám. Brno, Česko: pp. 117-163.
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  32. Die Kuhn'sche Wende.Paul Hoyningen Huene & Simon Lohse - 2012 - In S. Maasen, M. Kaiser, M. Reinhart & B. Sutter (eds.), Handbuch Wissenschaftssoziologie. Wiesbaden, Deutschland: Springer. pp. 73-84.
  33. Between the Renaissance and the Baroque: Philosophy and Knowledge in the Czech Lands Within the Wider European Context: A Preface.Tomáš Nejeschleba - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (6):509-510.
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  34. Omnis Fibra Ex Fibra: Fibre OEconomies in Bonnet’s and Diderot’s Models of Organic Order.Tobias Cheung - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (1-2):66-104.
    In a long-term transformation, that begins in Antiquity but takes a crucial turn in the Renaissance anatomies, the “fibre” becomes from around 1750 the operative building block and at the same time the first unifying principle of function-structure-complexes of organic bodies. It occupies the role that the cell takes up in the cell œconomies of the second third of the nineteenth century. In this paper, I will first discuss some key notions, technical analogies, and images that are related to “fibre”-concepts (...)
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  35. Mary Poovey, A History of the Modern Fact: Problems of Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society , Xxv + 419 Pp. $17.00 ISBN: 0-226-67526-2 ; 0-226-67525-4. [REVIEW]Jan Golinski - 1999 - Early Science and Medicine 4 (3):260-262.
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  36. Not by Bread Alone: Lev Vygotsky’s Jewish Writings.Ekaterina Zavershneva & René van der Veer - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (1):36-55.
    On the basis of both published and unpublished manuscripts written from 1914 to 1917, this article gives an overview of Lev Vygotsky’s early ideas. It turns out that Vygotsky was very much involved in issues of Jewish culture and politics. Rather surprisingly, the young Vygotsky rejected all contemporary ideas to save the Jewish people from discrimination and persecution by creating an autonomous state in Palestine or elsewhere. Instead, until well into 1917, Vygotsky proposed the rather traditional option of strengthening the (...)
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  37. Susannah Gibson. Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. Xv+215, Index. $34.95. [REVIEW]Alan C. Love - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):337-340.
    “To arrange in or analyse into classes according to shared qualities or characteristics; to make a formal or systematic classification” (OED). For many, classification provokes images of dull cataloging and arcane knowledge. However, in the eighteenth century it was neither dull nor arcane and had momentous import for natural philosophers and everyday individuals alike. Susannah Gibson has captured this expertly in her new book, and the subtitle accents the stakes: How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Although originating out of (...)
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  38. Portraying Science as Humanism – A Historical Case Study of Cultural Boundary Work From the Dawn of the ‘Atomic Age’.Kristine Hays Lynning - 2007 - Science & Education 16 (3-5):479-510.
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  39. The Educational Utilization of Elements of the History of Natural Sciences : Highlighting the Cognitive Continuity with Antiquity.Helen A. Maniati - 2005 - Science & Education 14 (7-8):713-720.
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  40. Cultural and Educational Dimensions Reflected in Books Popularizing Scientific Knowledge – A Case Study: The Sky, a 19th Century Book Popularizing Astronomy.Krystallia Halkia & Iphigenia Botouropoulou - 2005 - Science & Education 14 (7-8):631-647.
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  41. A Mania for Diagnosis : Unravelling the Aims of Nineteenth-Century French Psychiatrists: Jan Goldstein, Console and Classify, The French Psychiatric Profession in the Nineteenth Century, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 30.00, Xiii+414 Pp.Joel P. Eigen - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):241-251.
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  42. Max Weber's Work; its Intellectual Context, its Main Concerns: Wolfgang J. Mommsen and Jürgen Osterhammel (Eds), Max Weber and His Contemporaries, London: Allen & Unwin, 1987, 30.00, Paper 12.95, Xiv+591 Pp. Sam Whimster and Scott Lash (Eds), Max Weber, Rationality and Modernity, London: Allen & Unwin, 1987, 30.00, Paper 12.95, Xvii+394 Pp. Wilhelm Hennis, Max Weber: Essays in Reconstruction, London: Allen & Unwin, 1987, 25.00, Xii+254 Pp.Gianfranco Poggi - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):235-240.
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  43. Responses To Colin Gordon's Paper: The Two Readings of Histoire de la Folie in France.Robert Castel - 1990 - History of the Human Sciences 3 (1):27-30.
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  44. The Jesuit Paradox: Intellectual Authority, Political Power, and the Marginalization of Astrology in Early Modern Portugal.Luís Miguel Carolino - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (5-6):438-463.
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  45. Between Astrology and Copernicanism: Morin – Gassendi – Boulliau.Robert Alan Hatch - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (5-6):487-516.
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  46. From Intense Teaching to Neglect: The Decline of Astrology at the University of Valencia and the Role of the Spanish Novatores.Tayra M. C. Lanuza Navarro - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (5-6):410-437.
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  47. The Marginalization of Astrology in Seventeenth-Century Scotland.Jane Ridder-Patrick - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (5-6):464-486.
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  48. Acknowledgement: Reproduced by Kind Permission of the Guardian From the Issue of 25 June 1996.David Bloor - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):123-125.
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  49. Review Articles : Contemporary Philosophy and Democracy: Chantal Mouffe (Ed.) Deconstruction and Pragmatism. London and New York: Routledge, 1996. 88 Pp. ISBN 415-12170-1.Richard Beardsworth - 1998 - History of the Human Sciences 11 (1):129-137.
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  50. Using Culture to Read Social Change: F. Inglis, Raymond Williams. London and New York: Routledge, 1995. Xx + 333 Pp.David Chaney - 1996 - History of the Human Sciences 9 (4):151-158.
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