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719 found
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1 — 50 / 719
  1. Is Every Deductively Valid Argument Circular?Danny Frederick - manuscript
    David Miller claims that every valid deductive argument begs the question. Other philosophers and logicians have made similar claims. I show that the claim is false. Its appeal depends on the existence of logical terminology, particularly concerning what a proposition 'contains' or its 'logical content,' that is best understood as metaphoric and that, given its aptness to mislead, would be better eschewed. I show how the terminology appears to derive from early modern theories of the nature of mind, ideas and (...)
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  2. Publisher's Preface to 'Beobachtungen über den Geist des Menschen und dessen Verhältniß zur Welt', by Christlieb Feldstrauch.Vadim V. Vasilyev - manuscript
    In this publisher's preface to 'Beobachtungen über den Geist des Menschen und dessen Verhältniß zur Welt' - outstanding, but, despite its merits, so far almost totally unknown philosophical treatise of the late Enlightenment, published in 1790 under a pseudonym 'Andrei Peredumin Koliwanow', I show that the real author of this book was an educator Christlieb Feldstrauch (1734 - 1799).
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  3. Teleomechanism redux? The conceptual hybridity of living machines in early modern natural philosophy.Charles T. Wolfe - manuscript
    We have been accustomed at least since Kant and mainstream history of philosophy to distinguish between the ‘mechanical’ and the ‘teleological’; between a fully mechanistic, quantitative science of Nature exemplified by Newton and a teleological, qualitative approach to living beings ultimately expressed in the concept of ‘organism’ – a purposive entity, or at least an entity possessed of functions. The beauty of this distinction is that it seems to make intuitive sense and to map onto historical and conceptual constellations in (...)
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  4. Review of Manuela Sanna's Edition of Vico's De Antiquissima. [REVIEW]Marco Andreacchio - forthcoming - Historia Philosophica.
  5. L'atelier de Guy de Rougemont: L'ordre, le plaisir, le jeu.Armelle Auris, François Boissonnet, Guy de Rougemont, Maurice Matieu, Philippe Sergeant, Étienne Tassin, Merri Jolivet, Jacques Poulain, Paul Henry, Gérard Thalmann, Christian Renonciat & Nicole Mathieu - forthcoming - Rue Descartes.
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  6. Oxford Handbook of Early modern Philosophy.Desmonde Clarke Catherine Wilson (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
  7. Andrea Strazzoni. Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science: From Regius to ’s Gravesande. [REVIEW]Mihnea Dobre - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  8. Swedenborgs Erlösung in Schellings System.Christian Jung - forthcoming - In Andrés Quero-Sánchez (ed.), Eine Lichtung des deutschen Waldes. Leiden, Boston: Brill.
  9. Immaterialism.Jasper Reid - forthcoming - In Aaron Garrett (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth Century Philosophy. Routledge.
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  10. The other Enlightenment: self-estrangement, race, and gender.Matthew Sharpe - 2023 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
    This post-colonial and feminist reading of the Enlightenment explores the proto-postmodernist practice of examining one's conclusions through the eyes of the Other. Self-estrangement to gain critical distance from one's taken-for-granted assumptions was central to the Enlightenment and remains vital for critical sociopolitical thinking today.
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  11. Newtonianism and the physics of du Châtelet's Institutions de physique.Marius Stan - 2023 - In Gideon Manning & Anna Marie Roos (eds.), Collected Wisdom of the Early Modern Scholar: Essays in Honor of Mordechai Feingold. Cham: Springer. pp. 277-97.
    Much scholarship has claimed the physics of Emilie du Châtelet’s treatise, Institutions de physique, is Newtonian. I argue against that idea. To do so, I distinguish three strands of meaning for the category ‘Newtonian science,’ and I examine her book against them. I conclude that her physics is not Newtonian in any useful or informative sense. To capture what is specific about it, we need better interpretive categories.
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  12. Thales – the ‘first philosopher’? A troubled chapter in the historiography of philosophy.Lea Cantor - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (5):727-750.
    It is widely believed that the ancient Greeks thought that Thales was the first philosopher, and that they therefore maintained that philosophy had a Greek origin. This paper challenges these assumptions, arguing that most ancient Greek thinkers who expressed views about the history and development of philosophy rejected both positions. I argue that not even Aristotle presented Thales as the first philosopher, and that doing so would have undermined his philosophical commitments and interests. Beyond Aristotle, the view that Thales was (...)
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  13. Theodicy across Scales: Hemsterhuis's Alexis and the Dawn of Romantic Cosmism.Kirill Chepurin - 2022 - Symphilosophie: International Journal of Philosophical Romanticism 4:263-293.
    This essay re-reads François Hemsterhuis's philosophical dialogue Alexis (1787) as a post-Copernican cosmic theodicy that prefigures a central nexus of concerns in Early German Romanticism. This theodicy is cross-scalar, in that it functions across three disparate scales: the history of global humanity, the geo-cosmic history of the Earth, and the broader processuality of the universe. From the perspective of this cross-scalar entanglement, I reconstruct Hemsterhuis's vision of the ages of the world and his theodical narrative of the golden age, the (...)
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  14. Europe philosophique, Europe politique: l'héritage des Lumières.Tristan Coignard & Céline Spector (eds.) - 2022 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    What happened to the theories of Europe developed by the Enlightenment? Following a pluridisciplinary perspective, this book examines the way in which the projects conceived in the 18th century were reinvested both in the founding texts of the European Union and in contemporary political theory.
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  15. Mereological Nihilism and Simple Substance in Leibniz.Adam Harmer - 2022 - Res Philosophica 99 (1):39-65.
    Leibniz famously argues that there must be simple substances, since there are composites, and a composite is nothing but a collection of simples. I reconstruct Leibniz’s argument, showing that it relies on a commitment to mereological nihilism. I show further that Leibniz endorses mereological nihilism as early as the 1680s and offers both direct and indirect support for this commitment: indirect support via the notion of unity and direct support via the notion of persistence. I then assess the alignment of (...)
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  16. The Ethos of the Enlightenment and the Discontents of Modernity.Matan Oram - 2022
    The production of knowledge, rationality and the critical spirit -- The Enlightenment's horizon of progress -- The human condition : Nietzsche's psycho-critical discourse -- Modernity as culture : a contextual reading of Freud's concept of discontents -- The open-society and the enemies of the Enlightenment : Popper's critical-analysis of scientific theory--historicism and totalitarianism -- Pathologies of anti-enlightenment : the Frankfurt School -- The moral horizon of the Enlightenment : Habermas' rational reconstruction -- Two critical readings : between Foucault and Habermas (...)
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  17. Between Descartes and Boyle: Burchard de Volder’s Experimental Lectures at Leiden, 1676–1678.Andrea Strazzoni - 2022 - In Davide Cellamare & Mattia Mantovani (eds.), Descartes in the Classroom: Teaching Cartesian Philosophy in the Early Modern Age. Leiden: Brill. pp. 174-198.
    In this chapter I provide a reconstruction of the contents of the lectures provided by Burchard de Volder by means of experiments at Leiden, in the years 1676–1678, as well as of the natural-philosophical interpretation he provided of the experimental evidences he gained. Such lectures, mostly based on the experiments described by Boyle, served De Volder to teach natural-philosophical ideas which he borrowed from Descartes, and which he re-interpreted in the light of Archimedes’s hydrostatics.
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  18. Mary Astell on Neighborly Love.Timothy Yenter - 2022 - Religions 13 (6).
    In discussing the obligation to love everyone, Mary Astell (1666–1731) recognizes and responds to what I call the theocentric challenge: if humans are required to love God entirely, then they cannot fulfill the second requirement to love their neighbor. In exploring how Astell responds to this challenge, I argue that Astell is an astute metaphysician who does not endorse the metaphysical views she praises. This viewpoint helps us to understand the complicated relationship between her views and those of Descartes, Malebranche, (...)
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  19. Nell'officina dei lumi: studi in onore di Gianni Francioni.Giuseppe Cospito, Emilio Mazza & Gianni Francioni (eds.) - 2021 - Pavia: Ibis.
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  20. Espinosa e o poder constituinte.Gustavo Ruiz da Silva, Ian Alankule Purves & Filippo Del Lucchese - 2021 - Peri 3 (13):199-227.
    Este artigo considera a contribuição de Baruch Espinosa a uma teoria do poder constituinte. Teorias modernas do poder constituinte geralmente concordam em sua essência paradoxal: um poder que vem antes da lei e funda a lei é ao mesmo tempo um poder que, uma vez que a esfera jurídica é estabelecida, tem de ser obliterado pela lei. A ontologia de Espinosa tem sido reconhecida como uma das primeiras fontes modernas do poder constituinte, no entanto, ele argumenta por uma equivalência estrita (...)
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  21. Kant's Theory of Emotion: Toward A Systematic Reconstruction.Uri Eran - 2021 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    Putting together Kant's theory of emotion is complicated by two facts: (1) Kant has no term which is an obvious equivalent of "emotion" as used in contemporary English; (2) theorists disagree about what emotions are. These obstacles notwithstanding, my dissertation aims to provide the foundation for a reconstruction of Kant's theory of emotion that is both historically accurate and responsive to contemporary philosophical concerns. In contrast to available approaches which rest on contested assumptions about emotions, I start from the generally (...)
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  22. Spinoza's Metaphysics of Time.Raphael Krut-Landau - 2021 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed (ed.), A Companion to Spinoza. Blackwell.
  23. Chinese and Indian ways of thinking in early modern European philosophy: the reception and the exclusion.Selusi Ambrogio - 2020 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    An investigation into the reasons for the inclusion and exclusion of Chinese and Indian philosophical thought in 17th-and-18th-century Europe.
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  24. Faces of the Enlightenment: philosophical sketches.Zbigniew Drozdowicz - 2020 - New York: Peter Lang.
    The author of this book speaks out again in regard to the Enlightenment. His inspiration comes not only from new observations occasioned by own studies, but also from the recently read material as well as opinions and appraisals of the era articulated lately at academic conferences. Although they have not led the author to perform a fundamental revision of his views in regard to the nature of Enlightenment and its crucial contributions to the Western culture, they did afford a better (...)
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  25. L'éducation et les Lumières: enjeux philosophiques et didactiques contemporains.Michel Fabre & Céline Chauvigné (eds.) - 2020 - Dijon, F.: Éditions Raison et passions.
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  26. La lunga ombra del Settecento: nuove prospettive sul secolo dei lumi.Maurizio Maione (ed.) - 2020 - Roma: Aracne editrice.
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  27. Clandestine philosophy: new studies on subversive manuscripts in early modern Europe, 1620-1823.Gianni Paganini, Margaret C. Jacob & John Christian Laursen (eds.) - 2020 - London: University of Toronto Press in association with the UCLA Center for Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Studies and the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library.
    Clandestine philosophical manuscripts, made up of forbidden works including erotic texts, political pamphlets, satires of court life, forbidden religious texts, and books about the occult, had an avid readership in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, becoming objects of historical research by the twentieth century. The purveyors of the clandestine could be found in the Dutch Republic, Switzerland, Denmark, Spain, and not least in Paris or London. Despite the heavy risks, including prison, the circulation of these manuscripts was a prosperous venture. (...)
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  28. La gauche contre les Lumières?Stéphanie Roza - 2020 - [Paris]: Fayard.
    Depuis plusieurs années déjà s'élèvent des critiques d'une radicalité inouïe contre le cœur même de l'héritage des Lumières : le rationalisme, le progressisme, l'universalisme. Ces critiques se revendiquent de l'émancipation des dominés, marqueur traditionnel des différents courants de gauche. Mais s'inscrivent-elles dans le prolongement de celles qui, depuis l'émergence des mouvements socialiste, communiste ou anarchiste, avaient pour horizon un prolongement et un élargissement des combats des Lumières "bourgeoises"? Il est malheureusement à craindre que non. Une partie de la gauche est-elle (...)
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  29. Maria Pia Donato (Editor). Medicine and the Inquisition in the Early Modern World. viii + 210 pp., index. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2019. €95 (cloth). ISBN 9789004386457. [REVIEW]Jonathan Seitz - 2020 - Isis 111 (2):404-405.
  30. Vide Spinozam, or Burchard de Volder between Cartesianism and Heterodoxy.Andrea Strazzoni - 2020 - Church History and Religious Culture 100 (2-3):272–286.
    In this article, I intervene in a long-standing debate over the alleged assumption and teaching of Spinozist ideas by the Dutch philosopher and scientist Burchard de Volder (1643–1709). I discuss De Volder’s position with respect to three main topics (necessitarianism, substance monism, and biblical interpretation), as well as the use his student Jacob Wittich made of De Volder’s ideas in Wittich’s highly controversial De natura Dei (1711). Eventually, I argue that De Volder was certainly a sympathizer of Spinoza, accepted necessitarianism, (...)
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  31. Rethinking the Enlightenment: faith in the Age of Reason.Joseph T. Stuart - 2020 - Manchester, NH: Sophia Institute Press.
    In Rethinking the Enlightenment, Dr. Stuart demonstrates that the three primary strategies employed during the Enlightenment -- conflict, engagement, and retreat -- are time-tested methods that should be employed in our own anti-Christian age"--The publisher.
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  32. Animals and Cartesian Consciousness: Pardies vs. the Cartesians.Evan Thomas - 2020 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 2 (1):11.
    The Cartesian view that animals are automata sparked a major controversy in early modern European philosophy. This paper studies an early contribution to this controversy. I provide an interpretation of an influential objection to Cartesian animal automatism raised by Ignace-Gaston Pardies (1636–1673). Pardies objects that the Cartesian arguments show only that animals lack ‘intellectual perception’ but do not show that animals lack ‘sensible perception.’ According to Pardies, the difference between these two types of perception is that the former is reflexive (...)
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  33. From the logic of ideas to active-matter materialism: Priestley’s Lockean problem and early neurophilosophy.Charles T. Wolfe - 2020 - Intellectual History Review 30 (1):31-47.
    Empiricism is a claim about the contents of the mind: its classic slogan is nihil est in intellectu quod non fuerit in sensu, ‘there is nothing in the mind (intellect, understanding) which is not first in the senses’. As such, it is not a claim about the fundamental nature of the world as material. I focus here on in an instance of what one might term the materialist appropriation of empiricism. One major component in the transition from a purely epistemological (...)
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  34. Madkhal ilá al-tanwīr.ʻUthmān Ashqarā - 2019 - al-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ: Afrīqiyā al-Sharq.
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  35. Descartes’s Epistemic Commitment to Telescopes and Microscopes.George J. Aulisio - 2019 - Dialogue 58 (3):405-437.
    In the Optics, Descartes claims that telescopes and microscopes lead to morally certain knowledge. It is unclear, however, that Descartes’s expressed confidence in these instruments is warranted. In this article, I show how a limited range of telescope and microscope observations could lead to morally certain knowledge for Descartes, and how observations beyond this range admit of enough reasonable doubt to undermine moral certainty. I also explain moral certainty as a form of knowledge in Descartes’s scientific practices, his epistemic commitment (...)
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  36. Cartesianismi, scetticismi, filosofia moderna: studi per Carlo Borghero.Lorenzo Bianchi, Antonella Del Prete, Gianni Paganini & Carlo Borghero (eds.) - 2019 - Firenze: Le lettere.
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  37. Philosophy of Biology Before Biology.Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    Philosophy of biology before biology -/- Edited by Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe -/- Table of contents -/- Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. Introduction -/- 1. Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. The idea of “philosophy of biology before biology”: a methodological provocation -/- Part I. FORM AND DEVELOPMENT -/- 2. Stéphane Schmitt. Buffon’s theories of generation and the changing dialectics of molds and molecules 3. Phillip Sloan. Metaphysics and “Vital” Materialism: The Gabrielle Du Châtelet Circle and French (...)
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  38. Occasionalism: From Metaphysics to Science.M. F. Camposampiero, M. Priarolo & Emanuela Scribano - 2019 - Turnhout: Brepols.
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  39. On Doctrine and Discipline: The Conimbricenses on the Beginning of Posterior Analytics.Cristiano Casalini - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 941-973.
    The issue on whether knowledge can be possibly transmitted and in which order from the teacher to his students has been a hot topic since ancient Greece. Plato and Aristotle, Augustine and Thomas Aquinas, just to mention two of the most famous philosophical “couples” apparently dissented from each other on this point. In this paper, I analyze the Conimbricenses’ thought on this topic by interpreting their commentary to the first lines of the Posterior Analytics. Assessing the Conimbricenses’ thought on this (...)
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  40. Introduction to Volume 4 of the History of the Philosophy of Mind (6 Volumes): Philosophy of Mind in the Early Modern and Modern Ages.Rebecca Copenhaver - 2019 - In Volume 4 of the History of the Philosophy of Mind: Philosophy of Mind in the Early Modern and Modern Ages. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 1-15.
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  41. The Enlightenment and the Fate of Knowledge: Essays on the Transvaluation of Values.Martin L. Davies - 2019 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The Enlightenment is generally painted as a movement of ideas and society lasting from the late seventeenth to the early nineteenth century, but this book argues that the Enlightenment is an essential component of modernity itself and in fact can be seen to have lasted from the late sixteenth century to the present day. In the course of the study, Martin Davies offers an original world-view and a critique of some recent interpretations of the Enlightenment.
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  42. Il mondo dell'Illuminismo: storia di una rivoluzione culturale.Vincenzo Ferrone - 2019 - Torino: Giulio Einaudi editore.
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  43. Qi meng yun dong =.Peter Gay - 2019 - Xinbei Shi: Li xu wen hua shi ye you xian gong si.
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  44. Filosofías del Barroco.Moisés González García & Hugo Castignani (eds.) - 2019 - Madrid: Tecnos.
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  45. Review of "Infinity in Early Modern Philosophy".Adam Harmer - 2019 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    As José Benardete observes, "the concept of the infinite is found to impinge on almost the whole schedule of ontological questions" (Infinity, viii). This is especially true for the early moderns, for whom questions like the following were still very much in play: Does the world have a beginning? Are there bounds to the spatial extent of the world? How does an imperfect creation flow from an infinitely perfect creator? How does the infinite divisibility of the continuum relate to the (...)
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  46. La colonie philosophique: écrire l'histoire de la philosophie aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles.Catherine König-Pralong - 2019 - Paris: Éditions EHESS.
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  47. Another Mind-Body Problem: A History of Racial Non-Being, by J. Harfouch.Dwight K. Lewis - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:129-140.
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  48. L'héritage des Lumières: ambivalences de la modernité.Antoine Lilti - 2019 - [Paris]: Seuil.
    La 4e de couverture indique : "Les Lumières sont souvent invoquées dans l'espace public comme un combat contre l'obscurantisme, combat qu'il s'agirait seulement de réactualiser. Des lectures, totalisantes et souvent caricaturales, les associent au culte du Progrès, au libéralisme politique et à un universalisme désincarné. Or, comme le montre ici Antoine Lilti, les Lumières n'ont pas proposé une doctrine philosophique cohérente ou un projet politique commun. En confrontant des auteurs emblématiques et d'autres moins connus, il propose de rendre aux Lumières (...)
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  49. A New Modern Philosophy: An Inclusive Anthology of Primary Sources.Eugene Marshall & Susanne Sreedhar (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are arguably the most important period in philosophy’s history, given that they set a new and broad foundation for subsequent philosophical thought. Over the last decade, however, discontent among instructors has grown with coursebooks’ unwavering focus on the era’s seven most well-known philosophers—all of them white and male—and on their exclusively metaphysical and epistemological concerns. While few dispute the centrality of these figures and the questions they raised, the modern era also included essential contributions from (...)
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  50. Illuminismo: storia di un'idea plurale.Massimo Mori & Salvatore Veca (eds.) - 2019 - Roma: Carocci editore.
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