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890 found
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  1. Is Every Deductively Valid Argument Circular?Danny Frederick - manuscript
    David Miller claims that every valid deductive argument begs the question. Other philosophers and logicians have made similar claims. I show that the claim is false. Its appeal depends on the existence of logical terminology, particularly concerning what a proposition 'contains' or its 'logical content,' that is best understood as metaphoric and that, given its aptness to mislead, would be better eschewed. I show how the terminology appears to derive from early modern theories of the nature of mind, ideas and (...)
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  2. Publisher's Preface to 'Beobachtungen über den Geist des Menschen und dessen Verhältniß zur Welt', by Christlieb Feldstrauch.Vadim V. Vasilyev - manuscript
    In this publisher's preface to 'Beobachtungen über den Geist des Menschen und dessen Verhältniß zur Welt' - outstanding, but, despite its merits, so far almost totally unknown philosophical treatise of the late Enlightenment, published in 1790 under a pseudonym 'Andrei Peredumin Koliwanow', I show that the real author of this book was an educator Christlieb Feldstrauch (1734 - 1799).
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  3. Teleomechanism redux? The conceptual hybridity of living machines in early modern natural philosophy.Charles T. Wolfe - manuscript
    We have been accustomed at least since Kant and mainstream history of philosophy to distinguish between the ‘mechanical’ and the ‘teleological’; between a fully mechanistic, quantitative science of Nature exemplified by Newton and a teleological, qualitative approach to living beings ultimately expressed in the concept of ‘organism’ – a purposive entity, or at least an entity possessed of functions. The beauty of this distinction is that it seems to make intuitive sense and to map onto historical and conceptual constellations in (...)
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  4. Review of Manuela Sanna's Edition of Vico's De Antiquissima. [REVIEW]Marco Andreacchio - forthcoming - Historia Philosophica.
  5. L'atelier de Guy de Rougemont: L'ordre, le plaisir, le jeu.Armelle Auris, François Boissonnet, Guy de Rougemont, Maurice Matieu, Philippe Sergeant, Étienne Tassin, Merri Jolivet, Jacques Poulain, Paul Henry, Gérard Thalmann, Christian Renonciat & Nicole Mathieu - forthcoming - Rue Descartes.
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  6. 'Orfeo nero' e lo storicismo estetico: Il pensiero vichiano ed il concetto di negritudine.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino - forthcoming - Bolletino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani.
  7. Swedenborgs Erlösung in Schellings System.Christian Jung - forthcoming - In Quero-Sánchez Andrés (ed.), Eine Lichtung des deutschen Waldes. Brill.
  8. Immaterialism.Jasper Reid - forthcoming - In Aaron Garrett (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth Century Philosophy. Routledge.
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  9. Clauberg en Thuringe.Andrea Strazzoni - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
    In this paper I provide an analysis of an anonymous text which appeared at Sondershausen and Mühlhausen in 1687: Initiatio philosophi sive Dubitatio Cartesiana, ad indubiam philosophiam viam monstrans, iuxta mentem Renati des Cartes, Nobilis Galli, utraque methodo explicata, titled after Johannes Clauberg’s homonymous 1655 treatise. It consisted of (1) an abridgement of his Paraphrasis in Renati Des Cartes Meditationes (1658), and (2) a demonstration more geometrico of the necessity of methodical doubt as the beginning of philosophy, partially based on (...)
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  10. The Unpublished Medicina contracta of Arnold Geulincx.Andrea Strazzoni - forthcoming - Nuncius.
    In this paper I provide a commentary on and edition of the unpublished and apparently incomplete Medicina contracta of the Flemish philosopher Arnold Geulincx (1624– 1669). This short treatise, dating to c. 1668–1669, was not included in the edition of Geulincx’s works edited by J.P.N. Land, on the ground of its apparent unoriginality. However, it reveals the attempt, by Geulincx, to develop a medicine based on a new account of disease (intended in Cartesian-Platonic terms of the impossibility of the mind (...)
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  11. "La Peyrère's Polygenism and Human Species Hierarchy".Jacob Zellmer - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    In 1655 La Peyrère was the first to substantially argue for and popularize polygenism—the view that God created multiple original human mating pairs in separate acts of creation with numerous created before Adam. Positing or rejecting polygenism has been central to modern theorizing about human types and origins. Prominent recent interpreters have maintained that La Peyrère’s polygenism does not imply a hierarchy of human types. This paper reconstructs La Peyrère’s account and, in opposition to the dominant view, argues that his (...)
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  12. Hume's Problem of Induction.Patrick Brissey - 2024 - Philosophy Now 160:p. 34-35.
    This short paper provides an explanation of Hume's problem of induction.
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  13. Lo spinozismo nella Revue philosophique de Louvain (1946-1999).Fiormichele Benigni - 2023 - Noctua 10 (2–3):499-540.
    During the second half of the 20th century, despite the flourishing of Spinoza scholarship (particularly in the French-speaking world) references to Spinoza seem to be rather infrequent in the famous Catholic journal Revue philosophique de Louvain. On closer inspection, however, it is possible to trace a precise attitude of the editors of the Belgian journal, according to which the historiographic representation of the Dutch philosopher constitutes the test-bed of a more general cultural strategy. In contact with phenomenology, anti-Cartesianism, the biological (...)
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  14. Cartesian and Malebranchian Meditations.Raffaele Carbone - 2023 - In Andrea Strazzoni & Marco Sgarbi (eds.), Reading Descartes. Consciousness, Body, and Reasoning. Florence: Firenze University Press. pp. 129-153.
    In his Christian and Metaphysical Meditations (1683) Malebranche develops a reflection in which the self discovers in its interiority that the interlocutor able to answer some of its questions is the divine Word. Through references to the Holy Scriptures and to Augustine, Malebranche constructs a meditative itinerary that differs from the one proposed by Descartes, as it moves from the lumière naturelle in the Cartesian sense to the lumière of the Word. In the light of these historical-theoretical data, we propose (...)
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  15. Spiritual exercises and early modern philosophy: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza.Simone D'Agostino - 2023 - Boston: Brill.
    In his renowned collection Philosophy as a Way of Life, Pierre Hadot suggests that the original trait of philosophy as a method by which one exercises themselves to achieve a new way of living and seeing the world fails with the rise of modernity. In that time, philosophy increasingly takes on a merely theoretical aspect, tending toward a system. However, Hadot himself glimpses at the dawn of modernity some instances of the original trait of philosophy still very much present, and (...)
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  16. Spiritual Exercises and Early Modern PhilosophyEsercizi spirituali e filosofia moderna: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza.Simone D'Agostino - 2023 - Boston: BRILL.
    This book supports the idea that the ancient conception of philosophy as a way of life does not disappear in early modernity, but is transformed into a search for how to cure, guide, and free the human mind.
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  17. Leibniz's Causal Road to Existential Independence.Tobias Flattery - 2023 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 1:1-28.
    Leibniz thinks that every created substance is causally active, and yet causally independent of every other: none can cause changes in any but itself. This is not controversial. But Leibniz also thinks that every created substance is existentially independent of every other: it is metaphysically possible for any to exist with or without any other. This is controversial. I argue that, given a mainstream reading of Leibniz’s essentialism, if one accepts the former, uncontroversial interpretation concerning causal independence, then one ought (...)
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  18. The Socratic Pedagogy of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.Sergio Gallegos-Ordorica & Adriana Clavel-Vázquez - 2023 - In Karen Detlefsen & Lisa Shapiro (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Women and Early Modern European Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 479-492.
  19. Polylog als Aufklärung?: interkulturell-philosophische Impulse.Lara Hofner & Franz Gmainer-Pranzl (eds.) - 2023 - Wien: Facultas.
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  20. Two Dogmas of Enlightenment Scholarship.Seth Jones & Kristopher G. Phillips - 2023 - In Amber L. Griffioen & Marius Backmann (eds.), Pluralizing Philosophy’s Past: New Reflections in the History of Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 133-147.
    A central theme in the scholarly literature on Enlightenment Europe concerns the increased focus on the role of reason in the development of European thought, especially in the development of the new science by the natural philosophers. As a consequence, there is a tendency in both philosophical scholarship and teaching to bind philosophy and science tightly together. While there is certainly much that is correct in this approach, one motivation for pluralizing philosophy’s past is that this story leaves out a (...)
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  21. Humors, Passions, and Consciousness in Descartes’s Physiology: The Reconsideration through the Correspondence with Elisabeth.Jil Muller - 2023 - In Andrea Strazzoni & Marco Sgarbi (eds.), Reading Descartes. Consciousness, Body, and Reasoning. Florence: Firenze University Press. pp. 59-80.
    By pushing Descartes to more clearly explain the union of body and soul beyond the functioning of a ‘strong’ passion, namely sadness, Elisabeth wants Descartes to review his idea of the passions, and his understanding of the ‘theory of the four humors’. This chapter aims at showing that Descartes turns away from Galen’s theory of the humors, which he globally adopts in the 1633 Treatise of Man. With the shift in his conceptualization of the humors between this Treatise and the (...)
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  22. The other Enlightenment: self-estrangement, race, and gender.Matthew Sharpe - 2023 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
    This post-colonial and feminist reading of the Enlightenment explores the proto-postmodernist practice of examining one's conclusions through the eyes of the Other. Self-estrangement to gain critical distance from one's taken-for-granted assumptions was central to the Enlightenment and remains vital for critical sociopolitical thinking today.
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  23. Fabrizio Baldassarri, Il metodo al tavolo anatomico. Descartes e la medicina. Canterano: Aracne, 2021. 259 pp. Isbn: 9788825539059. [REVIEW]Andrea Strazzoni - 2023 - Nuncius 38 (2):481-484.
  24. Between Descartes and Boyle: Burchard de Volder’s Experimental Lectures at Leiden, 1676–1678.Andrea Strazzoni - 2023 - In Davide Cellamare & Mattia Mantovani (eds.), Descartes in the classroom: teaching Cartesian philosophy in the early modern age. Boston: Brill. pp. 174-198.
    In this chapter I provide a reconstruction of the contents of the lectures provided by Burchard de Volder by means of experiments at Leiden, in the years 1676–1678, as well as of the natural-philosophical interpretation he provided of the experimental evidences he gained. Such lectures, mostly based on the experiments described by Boyle, served De Volder to teach natural-philosophical ideas which he borrowed from Descartes, and which he re-interpreted in the light of Archimedes’s hydrostatics.
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  25. The Quarrel over Swammerdam’s Posthumous Works.Andrea Strazzoni - 2023 - Leiden-Boston: Brill.
    The Quarrel over Swammerdam’s Posthumous Works reconstructs the vicissitudes of Johannes Swammerdam’s Biblia naturae, a pivotal collection of writings in the history of science. Bequeathed to the polymath Melchisédech Thévenot, the manuscripts and drawings of the treatises constituting this collection were instead kept by the editor Hermann Wingendorp after Swammerdam’s death (1680), triggering a quarrel over their publication. By analysing Swammerdam’s scientific legacy and by offering an edition of the correspondence testifying to the efforts towards such publication, this book sheds (...)
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  26. Enlightenment at court: patrons, philosophes, and reformers in eighteenth-century Europe.Thomas Biskup, Benjamin Marschke, Andreas Pečar & Damien Tricoire (eds.) - 2022 - Liverpool: Liverpool University Press on behalf of Voltaire Foundation, University of Oxford.
    This is the first comprehensive analysis of the royal and princely courts of Europe as important places of Enlightenment. The households of European rulers remained central to politics and culture throughout the eighteenth century, and few writers, artists, musicians, or scholars could succeed without establishing connections to ruling houses, noble families, or powerful courtiers. Covering case studies from Spain and France to Russia, and from Scandinavia and Britain to the Holy Roman Empire, the contributions of this volume examine how Enlightenment (...)
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  27. Thales – the ‘first philosopher’? A troubled chapter in the historiography of philosophy.Lea Cantor - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (5):727-750.
    It is widely believed that the ancient Greeks thought that Thales was the first philosopher, and that they therefore maintained that philosophy had a Greek origin. This paper challenges these assumptions, arguing that most ancient Greek thinkers who expressed views about the history and development of philosophy rejected both positions. I argue that not even Aristotle presented Thales as the first philosopher, and that doing so would have undermined his philosophical commitments and interests. Beyond Aristotle, the view that Thales was (...)
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  28. Theodicy across Scales: Hemsterhuis's Alexis and the Dawn of Romantic Cosmism.Kirill Chepurin - 2022 - Symphilosophie: International Journal of Philosophical Romanticism 4:263-293.
    This essay re-reads François Hemsterhuis's philosophical dialogue Alexis (1787) as a post-Copernican cosmic theodicy that prefigures a central nexus of concerns in Early German Romanticism. This theodicy is cross-scalar, in that it functions across three disparate scales: the history of global humanity, the geo-cosmic history of the Earth, and the broader processuality of the universe. From the perspective of this cross-scalar entanglement, I reconstruct Hemsterhuis's vision of the ages of the world and his theodical narrative of the golden age, the (...)
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  29. Europe philosophique, Europe politique: l'héritage des Lumières.Tristan Coignard & Céline Spector (eds.) - 2022 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    What happened to the theories of Europe developed by the Enlightenment? Following a pluridisciplinary perspective, this book examines the way in which the projects conceived in the 18th century were reinvested both in the founding texts of the European Union and in contemporary political theory.
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  30. Mereological Nihilism and Simple Substance in Leibniz.Adam Harmer - 2022 - Res Philosophica 99 (1):39-65.
    Leibniz famously argues that there must be simple substances, since there are composites, and a composite is nothing but a collection of simples. I reconstruct Leibniz’s argument, showing that it relies on a commitment to mereological nihilism (i.e., the view that composites cannot be true beings). I show further that Leibniz endorses mereological nihilism as early as the 1680s and offers both direct and indirect support for this commitment: indirect support via the notion of unity and direct support via the (...)
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  31. Enlightenment past and present: essays in a social history of ideas.Anthony La Vopa - 2022 - Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, University of Oxford.
    Over the last three decades Anthony La Vopa has extended his reach as an Enlightenment historian from Germany to England, Scotland, and France. Enlightenment Past and Present: Essays in a Social History of Ideas provides insights into all four contexts, with a view to understanding the Enlightenment's contours in spaces that were distinct but nonetheless shared in a European-wide engagement with a cluster of political, social, and cultural issues. The volume explores a wide variety of themes in the formation of (...)
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  32. The ethos of the Enlightenment and the discontents of modernity.Matan Oram - 2022 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book probes the sources and nature of the 'discontents of modernity'. It proposes a new approach to the philosophic-critical discourse on modernity. The Enlightenment is widely understood to be the foundational moment of modernity. Yet despite its appeal to reason as the ultimate ground of its authority and legitimacy, the Enlightenment has had multiple historical manifestations and, therefore, can hardly be said to be a homogenous phenomenon. The present work seeks to identify a unitive element that allows us to (...)
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  33. Newtonianism and the physics of du Châtelet's Institutions de physique.Marius Stan - 2022 - In Anna Marie Roos & Gideon Manning (eds.), Collected Wisdom of the Early Modern Scholar: Essays in Honor of Mordechai Feingold. Springer. pp. 277-97.
    Much scholarship has claimed the physics of Emilie du Châtelet’s treatise, Institutions de physique, is Newtonian. I argue against that idea. To do so, I distinguish three strands of meaning for the category ‘Newtonian science,’ and I examine her book against them. I conclude that her physics is not Newtonian in any useful or informative sense. To capture what is specific about it, we need better interpretive categories.
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  34. Ramism.Andrea Strazzoni - 2022 - Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy.
    The main aim of the French logician and philosopher Petrus Ramus was to provide a method of teaching the liberal arts enabling the completion of the undergraduate program of studies in 7 years. This method was based on a new logic, in which the complex structure of Aristotle’s Organon and of the Summulae logicales of Peter of Spain is reduced to two main doctrines: the invention of arguments, by which it is possible to find the notions for reasoning and disputing (...)
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  35. Mary Astell on Neighborly Love.Timothy Yenter - 2022 - Religions 13 (6).
    In discussing the obligation to love everyone, Mary Astell (1666–1731) recognizes and responds to what I call the theocentric challenge: if humans are required to love God entirely, then they cannot fulfill the second requirement to love their neighbor. In exploring how Astell responds to this challenge, I argue that Astell is an astute metaphysician who does not endorse the metaphysical views she praises. This viewpoint helps us to understand the complicated relationship between her views and those of Descartes, Malebranche, (...)
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  36. Nell'officina dei lumi: studi in onore di Gianni Francioni.Giuseppe Cospito, Emilio Mazza & Gianni Francioni (eds.) - 2021 - Pavia: Ibis.
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  37. Espinosa e o poder constituinte.Gustavo Ruiz da Silva, Ian Alankule Purves & Filippo Del Lucchese - 2021 - Peri 3 (13):199-227.
    Este artigo considera a contribuição de Baruch Espinosa a uma teoria do poder constituinte. Teorias modernas do poder constituinte geralmente concordam em sua essência paradoxal: um poder que vem antes da lei e funda a lei é ao mesmo tempo um poder que, uma vez que a esfera jurídica é estabelecida, tem de ser obliterado pela lei. A ontologia de Espinosa tem sido reconhecida como uma das primeiras fontes modernas do poder constituinte, no entanto, ele argumenta por uma equivalência estrita (...)
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  38. Kant's Theory of Emotion: Toward A Systematic Reconstruction.Uri Eran - 2021 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    Putting together Kant's theory of emotion is complicated by two facts: (1) Kant has no term which is an obvious equivalent of "emotion" as used in contemporary English; (2) theorists disagree about what emotions are. These obstacles notwithstanding, my dissertation aims to provide the foundation for a reconstruction of Kant's theory of emotion that is both historically accurate and responsive to contemporary philosophical concerns. In contrast to available approaches which rest on contested assumptions about emotions, I start from the generally (...)
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  39. Spinoza's Metaphysics of Time.Raphael Krut-Landau - 2021 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Spinoza. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.
  40. Early Modern Philosophy: An Anthology.Lisa Shapiro & Marcy P. Lascano (eds.) - 2021 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    This new anthology of early modern philosophy enriches the possibilities for teaching this period by highlighting not only metaphysics and epistemology, but also new themes such as virtue, equality and difference, education, the passions, and love. It contains the works of forty-three philosophers, including traditionally taught figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant, as well as less familiar writers such as Lord Shaftesbury, Anton Amo, Julien Offray de La Mettrie, and Denis Diderot. It also highlights the (...)
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  41. Chinese and Indian ways of thinking in early modern European philosophy: the reception and the exclusion.Selusi Ambrogio - 2020 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    An investigation into the reasons for the inclusion and exclusion of Chinese and Indian philosophical thought in 17th-and-18th-century Europe.
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  42. Review of Andrea Strazzoni: Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science: From Regius to ‘s Gravesande[REVIEW]Mihnea Dobre - 2020 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 10 (2):609-612.
  43. Faces of the Enlightenment: philosophical sketches.Zbigniew Drozdowicz - 2020 - New York: Peter Lang.
    The author of this book speaks out again in regard to the Enlightenment. His inspiration comes not only from new observations occasioned by own studies, but also from the recently read material as well as opinions and appraisals of the era articulated lately at academic conferences. Although they have not led the author to perform a fundamental revision of his views in regard to the nature of Enlightenment and its crucial contributions to the Western culture, they did afford a better (...)
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  44. L'éducation et les Lumières: enjeux philosophiques et didactiques contemporains.Michel Fabre & Céline Chauvigné (eds.) - 2020 - Dijon, F.: Éditions Raison et passions.
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  45. Filosofías del Barroco.Moisés González García & Hugo Castignani (eds.) - 2020 - Madrid: Tecnos.
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  46. La lunga ombra del Settecento: nuove prospettive sul secolo dei lumi.Maurizio Maione (ed.) - 2020 - Roma: Aracne editrice.
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  47. Clandestine philosophy: new studies on subversive manuscripts in early modern Europe, 1620-1823.Gianni Paganini, Margaret C. Jacob & John Christian Laursen (eds.) - 2020 - London: University of Toronto Press in association with the UCLA Center for Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Studies and the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library.
    Clandestine philosophical manuscripts, made up of forbidden works including erotic texts, political pamphlets, satires of court life, forbidden religious texts, and books about the occult, had an avid readership in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, becoming objects of historical research by the twentieth century. The purveyors of the clandestine could be found in the Dutch Republic, Switzerland, Denmark, Spain, and not least in Paris or London. Despite the heavy risks, including prison, the circulation of these manuscripts was a prosperous venture. (...)
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  48. La gauche contre les Lumières?Stéphanie Roza - 2020 - [Paris]: Fayard.
    Depuis plusieurs années déjà s'élèvent des critiques d'une radicalité inouïe contre le cœur même de l'héritage des Lumières : le rationalisme, le progressisme, l'universalisme. Ces critiques se revendiquent de l'émancipation des dominés, marqueur traditionnel des différents courants de gauche. Mais s'inscrivent-elles dans le prolongement de celles qui, depuis l'émergence des mouvements socialiste, communiste ou anarchiste, avaient pour horizon un prolongement et un élargissement des combats des Lumières "bourgeoises"? Il est malheureusement à craindre que non. Une partie de la gauche est-elle (...)
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  49. Maria Pia Donato (Editor). Medicine and the Inquisition in the Early Modern World. viii + 210 pp., index. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2019. €95 (cloth). ISBN 9789004386457. [REVIEW]Jonathan Seitz - 2020 - Isis 111 (2):404-405.
  50. Vide Spinozam, or Burchard de Volder between Cartesianism and Heterodoxy.Andrea Strazzoni - 2020 - Church History and Religious Culture 100 (2-3):272–286.
    In this article, I intervene in a long-standing debate over the alleged assumption and teaching of Spinozist ideas by the Dutch philosopher and scientist Burchard de Volder (1643–1709). I discuss De Volder’s position with respect to three main topics (necessitarianism, substance monism, and biblical interpretation), as well as the use his student Jacob Wittich made of De Volder’s ideas in Wittich’s highly controversial De natura Dei (1711). Eventually, I argue that De Volder was certainly a sympathizer of Spinoza, accepted necessitarianism, (...)
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