Edited by Maja Sidzińska (University of Pennsylvania)
|Summary||Philosophy of pregnancy may engage or occur within a number of areas of philosophical research: metaphysics, philosophy of biology, bioethics and philosophy of medicine, feminist philosophy, history of philosophy, phenomenology, and political philosophy. As such, pregnancy is a topic or a theme in philosophy, rather than a cohesive area of research, although in many cases it lies at some intersection of the aforementioned areas. Discussions about pregnancy may regard questions about what pregnancy is (the criteria for pregnancy or for gestation) or when pregnancy starts (i.e., about whether fertilization or implantation marks the start of pregnancy); they may regard questions about pregnancy as a challenge to the presumed individuality or numerical identity of pregnant organisms, humans, or persons, with upshots for questions about biological individuality, units of selection, humanity, and personhood; they may regard empirical questions about the evolution or nature of pregnancy as a reproductive mode, and about medical considerations and clinical findings about pregnancy such as regard contraception, abortion, pregnancy loss, developmental processes, or teratogens; they may regard bioethical questions about pregnancy having to do with patient autonomy, conflicts of interest between the mother and fetus, altruistic or commercial surrogacy, ectogenesis, or medical surveillance and criminalization during pregnancy; they may regard feminist questions about sex, gender, and pregnancy, for instance, questions about pregnancy discrimination within and without the law, or the role of pregnancy in women's discrimination, oppression, or exploitation; they may regard pregnancy as a metaphor, or the appropriation of pregnancy as a metaphor; they may regard questions about the history of pregnancy and how women's or other female mammals' reproductive role has historically been understood; they may regard questions about the phenomenology of pregnancy; and they may regard questions about the politics of pregnancy, for instance, its role in social reproduction.|
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David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Darrell P. Rowbottom
Aness Kim Webster
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