Results for 'falsification'

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  1. Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes.Imre Lakatos - 1970 - In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the growth of knowledge. Cambridge [Eng.]: Cambridge University Press. pp. 91-196.
     
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  2.  16
    Falsification and Demarcation in Astronomy and Cosmology.Benjamin Sovacool - 2005 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 25 (1):53-62.
    This work inaugurates a critical inquiry into whether the ideas of Karl Popper, a philosopher of science, are used by astronomers and astrophysicists, a practicing community of scientists. It examines four basic components of Karl Popper's philosophy— falsification, prohibition, simplicity, and risk taking— and the extent that these themes become integrated into recent scientific literature on astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, and stellar evolutionary theory. It concludes that the philosophy of science is highly relevant to the practice of astronomy, and that (...)
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  3. Is Falsification Falsifiable?Ulf Persson - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (3):461-475.
    This is a response to a claim by Sven Ove Hansson to the effect that Poppers dictum that falsification lies at the heart of all pursuit of science has once and for all been falsified by his study of articles published in Nature during the year 2000. We claim that this is based on a misunderstanding of Poppers philosophy of science interpreting it too literally, and that alternative readings of those papers are fully compliant with falsification. We scrutinize (...)
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  4.  18
    Falsification-Aware Calculi and Semantics for Normal Modal Logics Including S4 and S5.Norihiro Kamide - 2023 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 32 (3):395-440.
    Falsification-aware (hyper)sequent calculi and Kripke semantics for normal modal logics including S4 and S5 are introduced and investigated in this study. These calculi and semantics are constructed based on the idea of a falsification-aware framework for Nelson’s constructive three-valued logic. The cut-elimination and completeness theorems for the proposed calculi and semantics are proved.
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  5.  27
    Falsification-Aware Semantics and Sequent Calculi for Classical Logic.Norihiro Kamide - 2021 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 51 (1):99-126.
    In this study, falsification-aware semantics and sequent calculi for first-order classical logic are introduced and investigated. These semantics and sequent calculi are constructed based on a falsification-aware setting for first-order Nelson constructive three-valued logic. In fact, these semantics and sequent calculi are regarded as those for a classical variant of N3. The completeness and cut-elimination theorems for the proposed semantics and sequent calculi are proved using Schütte’s method. Similar results for the propositional case are also obtained.
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  6.  98
    Replication, falsification, and the crisis of confidence in social psychology.Brian D. Earp & David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  7. Falsification in social science method and theory.Bryan Benham & C. P. Shimp - 2004 - In Kimberly Kempf-Leonard (ed.), Encyclopedia of Social Measurement. Elsevier. pp. 2--9.
  8.  64
    Falsification et induction.Sylvain Auroux - 1981 - Dialogue 20 (2):281-307.
    Dans ce travail, je vais m'efforcer de critiquer la thèse poppérienne de la dissymétrie entre les procédures de vérification et de réfutation des théories empiriques. Pour caractériser les théories empiriques, j'utiliserai le critère suivant: l'analyse des procédures discursives employées ne suffit pas comme base de discussion de leur valeur de vérité. On doit faire appel à quelque chose dont on considère que la donnée est en quelque façon, et du point de vue de la connaissance, extérieure à la théorie. Dans (...)
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  9.  60
    Verification, falsification, and the logic of enquiry.Peter Milne - 1991 - Erkenntnis 34 (1):23 - 54.
    Our starting point is Michael Luntley's falsificationist semantics for the logical connectives and quantifiers: the details of his account are criticised but we provide an alternative falsificationist semantics that yields intuitionist logic, as Luntley surmises such a semantics ought. Next an account of the logical connectives and quantifiers that combines verificationist and falsificationist perspectives is proposed and evaluated. While the logic is again intuitionist there is, somewhat surprisingly, an unavoidable asymmetry between the verification and falsification conditions for negation, the (...)
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  10.  3
    The falsification of the good: Soloviev and Orwell.Alain Besançon - 1994 - London: Claridge Press.
  11.  13
    Falsification of the Theory of Legal Rules and Legal Standards of Ronald Dworkin Using the Methodological Foundations of the Theory of Law and Morality of Leon Petrażycki.Krzysztof Majczyk - 2018 - Studia Humana 7 (3):31-38.
    Efficient thinking is the foundation of efficient operation. The correct definition of concepts, especially the basic ones for a given field, in order to reach the truth, is a condition for the development of science and its social utility. The Petrażycki’s research methodology of law is a thoroughly modern method, as it enables effective examination of the accuracy of contemporary legal theories created after Petrażycki’s input. A model contemporary theory susceptible to an examination through the research methodology of law by (...)
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  12.  17
    III—Falsification in Science.D. W. Peetz - 1969 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 69 (1):17-31.
    D. W. Peetz; III—Falsification in Science, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 69, Issue 1, 1 June 1969, Pages 17–31, https://doi.org/10.1093/aristo.
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  13.  77
    Falsification of Propensity Models by Statistical Tests and the Goodness-of-Fit Paradox.Christian Hennig - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):166-192.
    Gillies introduced a propensity interpretation of probability which is linked to experience by a falsifying rule for probability statements. The present paper argues that general statistical tests should qualify as falsification rules. The ‘goodness-of-fit paradox’ is introduced: the confirmation of a probability model by a test refutes the model's validity. An example is given in which an independence test introduces dependence. Several possibilities to interpret the paradox and to deal with it are discussed. It is concluded that the propensity (...)
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  14.  28
    The Role of Falsification in the Development of Cognitive Architectures: Insights from a Lakatosian Analysis.Richard P. Cooper - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):509-533.
    It has been suggested that the enterprise of developing mechanistic theories of the human cognitive architecture is flawed because the theories produced are not directly falsifiable. Newell attempted to sidestep this criticism by arguing for a Lakatosian model of scientific progress in which cognitive architectures should be understood as theories that develop over time. However, Newell's own candidate cognitive architecture adhered only loosely to Lakatosian principles. This paper reconsiders the role of falsification and the potential utility of Lakatosian principles (...)
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  15.  24
    Falsification, rejection, and modification.Björn Wittrock - 1977 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 8 (2):379-382.
    Summary In two articles Friedrich Rapp argues that there is a methodological symmetry between falsification and verification in contradistinction to the logical asymmetry that obtains between them. (The Methodological Symmetry between Verification and Falsification,Ztschr. f. Allg. Wissth., Band VI/1 (1975), pp 139–144; A Helpful Argument — Reply to K. Eichner,Ztschr. f. Allg. Wissth., Band VII/1 (1976), pp. 121–123). Rapp puts forward the thesis that methodological falsification of a theory T implies the acceptance of an inference from ~ (...)
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  16.  62
    Falsification and the existence of God: A discussion of Plantinga's free will defence.George Botterill - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (107):114-134.
  17.  13
    Falsification of Credentials in the Research Setting; Scientific Misconduct?Debra M. Parrish - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (3):260-266.
    The debate about the definition of scientific miscon duct is being revisited by the scientific community in response to the Commission on Research Integrity's recommendation for a new definition. Scientists and lawyers are debating whether scientific misconduct should include acts that are not unique to the scientific community and do not affect the research. Falsification of credentials is one form of such misconduct.The Office of Research Integrity and the National Science Foundation, the two federal agencies primarily responsible for developing (...)
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  18.  9
    Falsification of Credentials in the Research Setting; Scientific Misconduct?Debra M. Parrish - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (3):260-266.
    The debate about the definition of scientific miscon duct is being revisited by the scientific community in response to the Commission on Research Integrity's recommendation for a new definition. Scientists and lawyers are debating whether scientific misconduct should include acts that are not unique to the scientific community and do not affect the research. Falsification of credentials is one form of such misconduct.The Office of Research Integrity and the National Science Foundation, the two federal agencies primarily responsible for developing (...)
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  19.  18
    Falsification, the Duhem-Quine Thesis, and Scientific Realism: From a Phenomenological Point of View.Darrin W. Belousek - 1998 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 29 (2):145-161.
  20.  36
    Contextual falsification and scientific methodology.Jarrett Leplin - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):476-490.
    Recent discussion of the problem of the conclusive falsification of scientific hypotheses has generally regarded the Duhemian Thesis (D-Thesis) as both true and interesting [10] but has dismissed the claim that disconfirmed hypotheses can be retained in explanations of the disconfirming evidence as either trivial [3] or unargued [12]. This paper rejects these positions. First, the status, in the argument for the D-Thesis, of the claim that auxiliary assumptions are necessary for the derivation of evidential propositions from hypotheses is (...)
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  21.  18
    Falsification of Interpretive Hypotheses in the Humanities.Joanna Klara Teske - 2018 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 66 (2):87-106.
    This paper reconsiders the possibility of applying the procedure of falsification, which consists in testing a theory by confronting hypotheses derived from the theory with empirical data, in the studies of culture, in particular when evaluating interpretive hypotheses. Falsification, to which, according to Popper and his followers, the natural sciences owe their success, is viewed with strong suspicion when the object of investigation is meanings and values rather than material phenomena. If by interpretation one understands reconstruction of the (...)
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  22. Why falsification is the wrong paradigm for evolutionary epistemology: An analysis of Hull's selection theory.Eugenie Gatens-Robinson - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (4):535-557.
    Contemporary empiricism has attempted to ground its analysis of science in a falsificationism based in selection theory. This paper links these evolutionary epistemologies with commitments to certain epistemological and ontological assumptions found in the later work of K. Popper, D. Campbell, and D. Hull, I argue that their assumptions about the character of contemporary empiricism are part of a shared paradigm of epistemological explanation which results in unresolved tensions within their own projects. I argue further that their claim to be (...)
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  23.  69
    Verification, falsification, and cancellation in ${\rm KT}$.Timothy Williamson - 1990 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (2):286-290.
    The main result of this paper is that KT is closed under a cancellation principle. This result extends to KTG1, but it does not extend to modal systems associated with the provability interpretation of L, such as KW and KT4Grz. Following Williamson, these results are applied to philosophical concerns about the proper form for theories of meaning, via the interpretation of L as some kind of veriflability. The cancellation principle can then be read as saying that verifilability conditions and falsiflability (...)
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  24.  57
    Data Fabrication and Falsification and Empiricist Philosophy of Science.David B. Resnik - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):423-431.
    Scientists have rules pertaining to data fabrication and falsification that are enforced with significant punishments, such as loss of funding, termination of employment, or imprisonment. These rules pertain to data that describe observable and unobservable entities. In this commentary I argue that scientists would not adopt rules that impose harsh penalties on researchers for data fabrication or falsification unless they believed that an aim of scientific research is to develop true theories and hypotheses about entities that exist, including (...)
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  25. Falsification and falsifiability in historical linguistics.Pedro Beade - 1989 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (2):173-181.
  26.  7
    Cynisme et falsification du langage: À propos de Diogène cherchant un homme.Isabelle Chouinard - 2016 - In Olivier Laliberté & Vincent Darveau-St-Pierre (eds.), Qu’est-ce que le ‘dire’ philosophique? Montreal: Les Cahiers d'Ithaque. pp. 19-33.
    The famous story of Diogenes searching for a man (ánthrōpon zētō̂) with his lantern in broad daylight (D.L. VI 41) has been interpreted in two ways, according to the meaning assigned to the word ánthrôpos (« human »). Proponents of the nominalist interpretation, by giving it the sense of human as a concept, see in the quest of Diogenes an attack against Plato’s Ideas. Defenders of the moral interpretation rather give the word ánthrôpos a concrete meaning with meliorative value: Diogenes (...)
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  27.  7
    Falsification.Frank Zenker - 2017 - The Wiley‐Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social Theory.
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  28.  34
    The Falsification Challenge: A Comment.Thomas McPherson - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (1):81 - 84.
  29. Evil, Falsification and Religious Language.Osmond Ramberan - 1981 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 8 (2):227.
     
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  30. Falsification of Lenin in gfr.O. Finger - 1977 - Filosoficky Casopis 25 (2):276-279.
     
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  31.  70
    Falsification and hypothesis in theology.Anthony Flew - 1962 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):318 – 323.
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  32.  42
    The Falsification Response.Antony Flew - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (1):77 - 79.
    The challenge was originally put nearly twenty years ago in the concluding sentences of my initial contribution to a discussion in the now defunct journal University ; a contribution reprinted in 1955 in New Essays in Philosophical Theology , and in several other places since then. Those sentences read: ‘We are reassured again. But then perhaps we ask: what is this assurance of God's love worth, what is this apparent guarantee really a guarantee against? Just what would have to happen (...)
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  33. Falsification of Marx doctrine on the working-class and revolution.L. Hrzal - 1983 - Filosoficky Casopis 31 (4):497-510.
     
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  34.  64
    Falsification and grünbaum's Duhemian theses.Arthur B. Millman - 1990 - Synthese 82 (1):23 - 52.
    This paper is a detailed critical study of Adolf Grünbaum's work on the Duhemian thesis. I show that (a) Grünbaum's geometrical counterexample to the (D1) subthesis is unsuccessful, even with minimal claims made for what the counterexample is supposed to show, and (b) the (D2) subthesis is not a reasonable one (and cannot correctly be attributed to Duhem). The paper concludes with an argument about the relation between the Duhemian thesis, concerning component hypotheses of a scientific theory, and the view (...)
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  35.  47
    Belief, falsification, and Wittgenstein.Dallas M. High - 1972 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (4):240 - 250.
  36. Falsifications of Hameroff-Penrose Orch OR model of consciousness and novel avenues for development of quantum mind theory.Danko Georgiev - 2007 - Neuroquantology 5 (1):145-174.
    In this paper we try to make a clear distinction between quantum mysticism and quantum mind theory. Quackery always accompanies science especially in controversial and still under development areas and since the quantum mind theory is a science youngster it must clearly demarcate itself from the great stuff of pseudo-science currently patronized by the term "quantum mind". Quantum theory has attracted a big deal of attention and opened new avenues for building up a physical theory of mind because its principles (...)
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  37.  42
    Falsification” and theory of errors.Hilda Geiringer - 1946 - Synthese 5 (1-2):86 - 89.
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  38.  28
    Formalizing falsification: Three delete operations.Rüdiger Schätz - 1990 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 36 (5):455-470.
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  39. Falsification without exploration.George Schlesinger & Robert Brown - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (43):167-171.
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  40.  54
    On the conclusive falsification of scientific hypotheses.Robert Barrett - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (4):363-374.
    Adolf Grünbaum has introduced into the literature [4], and several times revised and restated [5] [6], a description of a putative crucial experiment. The outcome of this experiment is supposed to be the conclusive falsification of an hypothesis to the effect that the geometry of a certain region of space, or of a certain surface, is Euclidean. Hereafter, in this paper, I shall refer to this example experiment, in any and all of the different versions of it that Grünbaum (...)
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  41.  14
    Logics and Falsifications: A New Perspective on Constructivist Semantics.Andreas Kapsner - 2014 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    This volume examines the concept of falsification as a central notion of semantic theories and its effects on logical laws. The point of departure is the general constructivist line of argument that Michael Dummett has offered over the last decades. From there, the author examines the ways in which falsifications can enter into a constructivist semantics, displays the full spectrum of options, and discusses the logical systems most suitable to each one of them. While the idea of introducing falsifications (...)
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  42.  12
    Falsification and belief.Alastair McKinnon - 1970 - The Hague,: Mouton.
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  43.  25
    The falsification challenge: A comment: Thomas McPherson.Thomas Mcpherson - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (1):81-84.
    In the last section of his article Professor Kellenberger says that Professor Flew misunderstands the nature of religious utterances. These are affirmations of belief or trust, whereas Flew treats them as if they were hypotheses. If ‘God loves us’ is held by someone as an hypothesis then it would be proper to ask what justifies him in holding it, and, equally, what would have to happen for him to feel that he could no longer justifiably hold it. But if ‘God (...)
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  44.  32
    The falsification fallacy.Charles F. Rudder - 1993 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 12 (2):179-199.
  45.  5
    Falsification and Belief.Ronald E. Santoni - 1972 - International Philosophical Quarterly 12 (1):145-147.
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  46.  9
    Formalizing falsification: Three delete operations.Rüdiger Schätz - 1990 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 36 (5):455-470.
  47.  12
    Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Falsification.Joshua Andresen - 2013 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (3):469-481.
    ABSTRACT This essay focuses on one of Nietzsche's greatest challenges to our understanding of perception and cognition: his “falsification thesis.” I argue that despite several innovative and insightful attempts to understand Nietzsche's claims about falsification, they have failed because they have not made an adequate connection between Nietzsche's falsification claims and his naturalistic account of the development of human cognition. Nietzsche's most important insight is that the basic falsifications and simplifications of sensation and language are not only (...)
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  48.  35
    Falsification and belief.Stuart C. Brown - 1971 - Philosophical Books 12 (2):16-18.
  49. Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programme.Imre Latakos - 1970 - In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the growth of knowledge. Cambridge [Eng.]: Cambridge University Press. pp. 91--196.
     
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  50.  19
    Falsification and Belief, By Alastair MacKinnon. The Hague: Mouton & Co. 1970. Pp. vi, 106. Dutch Guilders 20.—.C. G. Prado - 1971 - Dialogue 10 (1):186-190.
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