Belief

Edited by Rima Basu (Claremont McKenna College)
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  1. What’s the Linguistic Meaning of Delusional Utterances? Speech Act Theory as a Tool for Understanding Delusions.Julian Hofmann, Pablo Hubacher Haerle & Anke Maatz - 2023 - Philosophical Psychology.
    Delusions have traditionally been considered the hallmark of mental illness, and their conception, diagnosis and treatment raise many of the fundamental conceptual and practical questions of psychopathology. One of these fundamental questions is whether delusions are understandable. In this paper, we propose to consider the question of understandability of delusions from a philosophy of language perspective. For this purpose, we frame the question of how delusions can be understood as a question about the meaning of delusional utterances. Accordingly, we ask: (...)
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  2. Nominalisme et démonologie. L’imputabilité des croyances et le problème de l’hétérodoxie chez Guillaume de Manderston.Christophe Grellard - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 776-811.
    In his Bipartitum in morali philosophia, the Scottish philosopher William of Manderston, a pupil of John Mair, and an Ockhamist philosopher, is quoting a text of Antonin of Padua who distinguishes the factum opened to a juridical qualification from the inner belief, known by God alone. Quoting the same text, the authors of the Malleus maleficarum try hard to distinguish three distinct fields, the inner beliefs which belongs to God, the exterior acts, the facts, which are relevant for the judges, (...)
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  3. The Belief Norm of Academic Publishing.Wesley Buckwalter - forthcoming - Ergo.
    The belief norm of academic publishing states that researchers should believe certain claims they publish. The purpose of this paper is to defend the belief norm of academic publishing. In its defense, the advantages and disadvantages of the belief norm are evaluated for academic research and for the publication system. It is concluded that while the norm does not come without costs, academic research systemically benefits from the belief norm and that it should be counted among those that sustain the (...)
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  4. What's your opinion? Negation and 'weak' attitude verbs.Henry Ian Schiller - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    Attitude verbs like ‘believe’ and ‘want’ exhibit neg-raising: an ascription of the form a doesn’t believe that p tends to convey that a disbelieves – i.e., believes the negation of – p. In “Belief is Weak”, Hawthorne et al. (2016) observe that neg-raising does not occur with verbs like ‘know’ or ‘need’. According to them, an ascription of the form a believes that p is true just in case a is in a belief state that makes p more likely than (...)
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  5. Morality justifies motivated reasoning in the folk ethics of belief.Corey Cusimano & Tania Lombrozo - 2021 - Cognition 209 (C):104513.
    When faced with a dilemma between believing what is supported by an impartial assessment of the evidence (e.g., that one's friend is guilty of a crime) and believing what would better fulfill a moral obligation (e.g., that the friend is innocent), people often believe in line with the latter. But is this how people think beliefs ought to be formed? We addressed this question across three studies and found that, across a diverse set of everyday situations, people treat moral considerations (...)
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  6. Rethinking Phenomenal Intentionality.Christopher Stratman - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    My dissertation puts forward a critique of the phenomenal intentionality theory (PIT). According to standard accounts of PIT, all genuine intentionality is either identical to or partly grounded in phenomenal consciousness. I argue that it is a conceptually significant mistake to construe conscious experiences in terms of token mental states that instantiate phenomenal properties. This mistake is predicated on ignoring an important difference in the temporal character—what I call the “temporal shape”—between states and properties as opposed to conscious experiences. States (...)
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  7. Anything goes?: una teoria anarchica dell'epistemologia e dell'argomentazione ragionevole.Sergio Novani - 2013 - Napoli: Loffredo editore.
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  8. ʾEyetā =.ʾIyob Māmo - 2013 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Selihom Printing Press.
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  9. Ethnographies of doubt: faith and uncertainty in contemporary societies.Mathijs Pelkmans (ed.) - 2013 - New York: I.B. Tauris.
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  10. Croire ou ne pas croire.Monique Cottret & Caroline Galland (eds.) - 2013 - Paris: Éditions Kimé.
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  11. The paradox of belief instability and a revision theory of belief.Byeong D. Lee - 1998 - Dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington
    The epistemic paradox of 'belief instability' has recently received notable attention from many philosophers. Understanding this paradox is very important because belief is a central notion of psychologically motivated semantic theories in philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive science, and this paradox poses serious problems for these theories. In this dissertation I criticize previous proposals and offer a new proposal, which I call a 'revision theory of belief'. -/- My revision theory of belief is in many respects an application of Gupta's and (...)
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  12. "Es gilt das gebrochene Wort": das Ende der Glaubwürdigkeit?Hans U. Brauner - 2013 - München: Allitera Verlag.
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  13. Aporte referido a la creencia.Juan José Oppizzi - 2014 - Buenos Aires: Vinciguerra.
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  14. Understanding beliefs.Nils J. Nilsson - 2014 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
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  15. Le soupir de Pilate: enquête sur le scepticisme de tous les temps.Jean-Dominique Fabre - 2014 - Saint Macaire: Éditions du Saint Nom.
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  16. A man of little faith.Michel Deguy - 2014 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
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  17. Shalom and the ethics of belief: Nicholas Wolterstorff's theory of situated rationality.Nathan D. Shannon - 2015 - Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications.
    Against the individualism and abstractionism of standard modern accounts of justification and epistemic merit, Wolterstorff incorporates the ethics of belief within the full scope of a person's socio-moral accountability, an accountability that ultimately flows from the teleology of the world as intended by its creator and from the inherent value of humans as bearers of the divine image. This study explores Nicholas Wolterstorff's theory of "situated rationality" from a theological point of view and argues that it is in fact a (...)
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  18. Needham-Wittgenstein: il problema antropologico del credere.Virginia Masciangelo - 2015 - Roma: Armando editore.
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  19. Dancing with absurdity: your most cherished beliefs (and all your others) are probably wrong.Fred Leavitt - 2015 - New York: Peter Lang.
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  20. Responsible belief: limitations, liabilities, and melioration.Robert M. Frazier - 2015 - Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications.
    Tackles the problem of fixing the tenacity of believers in forming, holding, and modifying beliefs. in conversation with the history of philosophy and religion, the author attempts to expose and refute some aspects of the dominant epistemological framework for engaging belief fixation and improvement. In contrast to this framework, Dr. Frazier provides a model of responsible believing agent rooted in an ethic of the intellectual virtue tradition. In dialog with Aristotle, he proposes three principal virtues, which he calls the generative, (...)
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  21. Les traces de la croyance: ce que les objets nous permettent.Ilaria Brocchini - 2015 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
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  22. Belief and Counterfactuals: A Study in Means-End Philosophy.Franz Huber - 2021 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    "This book is the first of two volumes on belief and counterfactuals. It consists of six of a total of eleven chapters. The first volume is concerned primarily with questions in epistemology and is expository in parts. Among others, it provides an accessible introduction to belief revision and ranking theory. Ranking theory specifies how conditional beliefs should behave. It does not tell us why they should do so nor what they are. This book fills these two gaps. The consistency argument (...)
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  23. Wir hängten unsere Harfen an die Weiden in jenem Land" (Ps 137,2) Macht und Nacht des Glaubens.Mirijam Schaeidt - 2016 - In Hans-Georg Gradl, Mirijam Schaeidt, Johannes Schelhas & Werner Schüssler (eds.), Glaube und Zweifel: das Dilemma des Menschseins. Echter.
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  24. Zweifel(n) - um Gottes willen?Johannes Schelhas - 2016 - In Hans-Georg Gradl, Mirijam Schaeidt, Johannes Schelhas & Werner Schüssler (eds.), Glaube und Zweifel: das Dilemma des Menschseins. Echter.
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  25. Glaubwürdiger Zweifel Neutestamentliche Portraits.Hans-Georg Gradl - 2016 - In Hans-Georg Gradl, Mirijam Schaeidt, Johannes Schelhas & Werner Schüssler (eds.), Glaube und Zweifel: das Dilemma des Menschseins. Echter.
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  26. Glaube und existentieller Zweifel als Pole des Menschseins.Werner Schüssler - 2016 - In Hans-Georg Gradl, Mirijam Schaeidt, Johannes Schelhas & Werner Schüssler (eds.), Glaube und Zweifel: das Dilemma des Menschseins. Echter.
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  27. Glaube und Zweifel: das Dilemma des Menschseins.Hans-Georg Gradl, Mirijam Schaeidt, Johannes Schelhas & Werner Schüssler (eds.) - 2016 - Würzburg: Echter.
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  28. L'atelier du doute: des sceptiques à Valéry.Arnaud Tripet - 2017 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
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  29. Tout en même temps agnostique et croyant.Maurice Lagueux - 2017 - Montréal: Liber.
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  30. Croire, mais en quoi?: quand Dieu ne dit plus rien.Albert Rouet - 2019 - Ivry-sur-Seine: Les Éditions de l'Atelier.
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  31. Dil ham dalāyilī-i dārad: bar mabnā-yi "iṣālat-i īmān" va "istiqlāl-i maʻrifatʹshināsī-i" dīn.Bahāʼ al-Dīn Khurramshāhī - 2019 - Tihrān: Intishārāt-i Nāhīd.
    On Religious faths and belief. ; Knowledge theory -- Religion.
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  32. Nous ne savons plus croire.Camille Riquier - 2020 - Paris: Desclée de Brouwer.
    Quoi que nous nous efforcions de penser, nous continuons d'appartenir à notre siècle par Les croyances les plus communes et, quand cela a lieu, par le fait tout aussi commun de ne plus croire - ou de ne pas donner notre confiance au monde. Nos pères se sont tant méfiés, ou ils ont été à ce point cyniques, que cette foi, entendue dans son sens large, semble nous être aujourd'hui interdite. À nous qui avons hérité de cette perte sans l'avoir (...)
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  33. Be-maʻagle emunah: hebaṭim filosofiyim ṿe-teologyim be-nośe ha-emunah be-hagut ha-kelalit uva-hagut ha-Yehudit = Circles of faith: philosophical and theological perspectives of faith.Leah Orent - 2019 - Yerushalayim: Mosad Byaliḳ.
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  34. Hope.Julie Murray - 2019 - Minneapolis, Minnesota: Abdo Kids Junior, an imprint of Abdo KIds.
    Hope is something that most kids can relate to. Whether it'' the hope to win a game or for their friend to feel better. This title presents relatable and realistic ways that kids show hope. Colorful images support the simple text. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards.
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  35. La croyance et ses horizons normatifs.Samuel Montplaisir - 2020 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    'Que devrions-nous croire?' est la question centrale des débats philosophiques en éthique de la croyance, un champ complexe de philosophie contemporaine où se mêlent la normativité, les théories de la connaissance et la psychologie. Spécifiquement, ce livre aborde la question de si nous devrions croire certaines choses parce qu'elles sont vraies ou parce qu'elles sont utiles. Que croire lorsque les preuves s'opposent aux avantages pratiques d'entretenir une certaine croyance? Sous quelle condition devrions-nous croire quelque chose d'avantageux, bien que faux? Ces (...)
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  36. Pourquoi croyons-nous?: dialogue en liberté d'un philosophe et d'un psychanalyste.Claude Debru - 2020 - Paris: Odile Jacob.
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  37. Un divino senza Dio.Enrico Andreoli - 2020 - Venezia: Marcianum Press.
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  38. Tra l'assurdo e la speranza: siamo tutti fideisti?Dario Antiseri - 2021 - Brescia: Scholé.
    Mendicanti di senso, costretti a scegliere tra l'assurdo e la speranza -- Ludwig Wittgenstein : delimitare il "dicibile" per proteggere l'"ineffabile" -- Immanuel Kant : "Ho limitato il sapere per fare spazio alla fede" -- Blaise Pascal : "È bene sentirsi stanchi e affaticati dell'inutile ricerca del vero bene, al fine di tendere le braccia al liberatore" -- Søren Kierkegaard : "Elimina la coscienza angosciata e tu puoi chiudere tutte le chiese e farne sale da ballo" -- Appendice : Tommaso (...)
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  39. Thinking, Guessing, and Believing.Ben Holguin - 2022 - Philosophers' Imprint 22 (1):1-34.
    This paper defends the view, put roughly, that to think that p is to guess that p is the answer to the question at hand, and that to think that p rationally is for one’s guess to that question to be in a certain sense non-arbitrary. Some theses that will be argued for along the way include: that thinking is question-sensitive and, correspondingly, that ‘thinks’ is context-sensitive; that it can be rational to think that p while having arbitrarily low credence (...)
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  40. Certitude.Miloud Belkoniene & Jacques Henri Vollet - 2021 - L'encyclopédie Philosophique.
  41. The rational dimension of understanding.Miloud Belkoniene - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-16.
    It is natural to regard understanding as having a rational dimension, in the sense that understanding seems to require having justification for holding certain beliefs about the world. Some philosophers however argue that justification is not required to gain understanding of phenomena. In the present paper, my intention is to provide a critical examination of the arguments that have been offered against the view that understanding requires justification in order to show that, contrary to what they purport to establish, justification (...)
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  42. Disagreement and suspended judgement.Filippo Ferrari - 2022 - Metaphilosophy 53 (4):526-542.
    Can someone who suspends judgement about a certain proposition <p> be in a relational state of disagreement with someone who believes <p> as well as with some- one who disbelieves <p>? This paper argues for an af- firmative answer. It develops an account of the notions of suspended judgement and disagreement that explains how and why the suspender is in a relational state of disagreement with both the believer and the disbeliever about the very same proposition <p>. More specifically, the (...)
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  43. Epistemic Styles.Carolina Flores - 2021 - Philosophical Topics 49 (2):35-55.
    Epistemic agents interact with evidence in different ways. This can cause trouble for mutual understanding and for our ability to rationally engage with others. Indeed, it can compromise democratic practices of deliberation. This paper explains these differences by appeal to a new notion: epistemic styles. Epistemic styles are ways of interacting with evidence that express unified sets of epistemic values, preferences, goals, and interests. The paper introduces the notion of epistemic styles and develops a systematic account of their nature. It (...)
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  44. The Doxastic Profile of the Compulsive Re-checker.Juliette Vazard - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations:1-16.
    Incessant checking is undeniably problematic from a practical point of view. But what is epistemically wrong with checking again (and again)? The starting assumption for this paper is that establishing what goes wrong when individuals check their stove ten times in a row requires understanding the nature of the doxastic attitude that compulsive re-checkers are in, as they go back to perform another check. Does the re-checker know that the stove is off, and is thus looking for more of what (...)
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  45. Meanings of Pain, Volume 3: Vulnerable or Special Groups of People.Simon Van Rysewyk - 2022 - Springer.
    - First book to describe what pain means in vulnerable or special groups of people - Clinical applications described in each chapter - Provides insight into the nature of pain experience across the lifespan -/- This book, the third and final volume in the Meaning of Pain series, describes what pain means to people with pain in “vulnerable” groups, and how meaning changes pain – and them – over time. -/- Immediate pain warns of harm or injury to the person (...)
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  46. Does Hope Require Belief?Michael Milona - 2022 - American Philosophical Quarterly 59 (2):191-199.
    This paper interrogates a widely accepted view about the nature of hope. The view is that hoping that p involves a belief about the prospects of p. It is argued that taking hope to require belief is at odds with some forms of recalcitrant hope and certain ways in which hope patterns similarly to other emotions. The paper concludes by explaining why it matters whether hope requires belief.
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  47. The Doxastic Profile of the Compulsive Re-checker.Juliette Vazard - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations:1-16.
    Checking is one of the most common compulsive actions performed by patients with Obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) (APA, 2013; Abramowitz, McKay, Taylor, 2008). Incessant checking is undeniably problematic from a practical point of view. But what is epistemically wrong with checking again (and again)? The starting assumption for this paper is that establishing what goes wrong when individuals check their stove ten times in a row requires understanding the nature of the doxastic attitude that compulsive re-checkers are in, as they (...)
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  48. Cook Wilson on knowledge and forms of thinking.Simon Wimmer & Guy Longworth - 2022 - Synthese 200 (4):1-22.
    John Cook Wilson is an important predecessor of contemporary knowledge first epistemologists: among other parallels, he claimed that knowledge is indefinable. We reconstruct four arguments for this claim discernible in his work, three of which find no clear analogues in contemporary discussions of knowledge first epistemology. We pay special attention to Cook Wilson’s view of the relation between knowledge and forms of thinking (like belief). Claims of Cook Wilson’s that support the indefinability of knowledge include: that knowledge, unlike belief, straddles (...)
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  49. Delusions and beliefs: a knowledge-first approach.Jakob Ohlhorst - 2022 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):1-7.
    In Delusions and Beliefs, Kengo Miyazono proposes an extended and convincing argument for the thesis that delusions are malfunctional beliefs. One of the key assumptions for this argument is that belief is a biological notion, and that the function of beliefs is a product of evolution. I challenge the thesis that evolutionary accounts can furnish an epistemologically satisfying account of beliefs because evolutionary success does not necessarily track epistemic success. Consequently, also delusions as beliefs cannot be explained in a satisfactory (...)
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  50. A Philosophy of Faith: Belief, Truth and Varieties of Commitment.Finlay Malcolm & Michael Scott - 2022 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Faith occupies an important place in human lives in both religious and secular contexts: faith may be directed towards God, friends, governments, political systems and football teams. It is said to help people through crises and motivate people to achieve life goals. But what is faith? Philosophers and theologians have for centuries been concerned with questions about the rationality of faith, but more recently, have focussed on what kind of psychological attitude faith is. We bring together, for the first time, (...)
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