Lattice logic, bilattice logic, and paraconsistent quantum logic are investigated based on monosequent systems. Paraconsistent quantum logic is an extension of lattice logic, and bilattice logic is an extension of paraconsistent quantum logic. Monosequent system is a sequent calculus based on the restricted sequent that contains exactly one formula in both the antecedent and succedent. It is known that a completeness theorem with respect to a lattice-valued semantics holds for a monosequent system for lattice logic. A completeness theorem with respect (...) to a lattice-valued semantics is proved for paraconsistent quantum logic, and a completeness theorem with respect to a bilattice-valued semantics is proved for bilattice logic. Some syntactical properties, including cut-elimination and duality, are also investigated for the monosequent systems for these logics. (shrink)
Paraconsistent quantum logic, a hybrid of minimal quantum logic and paraconsistent four-valued logic, is introduced as Gentzen-type sequent calculi, and the cut-elimination theorems for these calculi are proved. This logic is shown to be decidable through the use of these calculi. A first-order extension of this logic is also shown to be decidable. The relationship between minimal quantum logic and paraconsistent four-valued logic is clarified, and a survey of existing Gentzen-type sequent calculi for these logics and their close relatives is (...) addressed. (shrink)
A modal extension of multilattice logic, called modal multilattice logic, is introduced as a Gentzen-type sequent calculus \. Theorems for embedding \ into a Gentzen-type sequent calculus S4C and vice versa are proved. The cut-elimination theorem for \ is shown. A Kripke semantics for \ is introduced, and the completeness theorem with respect to this semantics is proved. Moreover, the duality principle is proved as a characteristic property of \.
A classical paraconsistent logic, which is regarded as a modified extension of first-degree entailment logic, is introduced as a Gentzen-type sequent calculus. This logic can simulate the classical negation in classical logic by paraconsistent double negation in CP. Theorems for syntactically and semantically embedding CP into a Gentzen-type sequent calculus LK for classical logic and vice versa are proved. The cut-elimination and completeness theorems for CP are also shown using these embedding theorems. Similar results are also obtained for an intuitionistic (...) paraconsistent logic, and several versions of Glivenko and Gödel-Gentzen translation theorems are proved for CP and IP. (shrink)
In this study, falsification-aware semantics and sequent calculi for first-order classical logic are introduced and investigated. These semantics and sequent calculi are constructed based on a falsification-aware setting for first-order Nelson constructive three-valued logic. In fact, these semantics and sequent calculi are regarded as those for a classical variant of N3. The completeness and cut-elimination theorems for the proposed semantics and sequent calculi are proved using Schütte’s method. Similar results for the propositional case are also obtained.
In this study, we introduce Gentzen-type sequent calculi BDm and BDi for a modal extension and an intuitionistic modification, respectively, of De and Omori’s extended Belnap–Dunn logic BD+ with classical negation. We prove theorems for syntactically and semantically embedding BDm and BDi into Gentzen-type sequent calculi S4 and LJ for normal modal logic and intuitionistic logic, respectively. The cut-elimination, decidability, and completeness theorems for BDm and BDi are obtained using these embedding theorems. Moreover, we prove the Glivenko theorem for embedding (...) BD+ into BDi and the McKinsey–Tarski theorem for embedding BDi into BDm. (shrink)
Two intuitionistic paradefinite logics N4C and N4C+ are introduced as Gentzen-type sequent calculi. These logics are regarded as a combination of Nelson’s paraconsistent four-valued logic N4 and Wansing’s basic constructive connexive logic C. The proposed logics are also regarded as intuitionistic variants of Arieli, Avron, and Zamansky’s ideal paraconistent four-valued logic 4CC. The logic N4C has no quasi-explosion axiom that represents a relationship between conflation and paraconsistent negation, but the logic N4C+ has this axiom. The Kripke-completeness and cut-elimination theorems for (...) N4C and N4C+ are proved. (shrink)
In this paper, bi-intuitionistic multilattice logic, which is a combination of multilattice logic and the bi-intuitionistic logic also known as Heyting–Brouwer logic, is introduced as a Gentzen-type sequent calculus. A Kripke semantics is developed for this logic, and the completeness theorem with respect to this semantics is proved via theorems for embedding this logic into bi-intuitionistic logic. The logic proposed is an extension of first-degree entailment logic and can be regarded as a bi-intuitionistic variant of the original classical multilattice logic (...) determined by the algebraic structure of multilattices. Similar completeness and embedding results are also shown for another logic called bi-intuitionistic connexive multilattice logic, obtained by replacing the connectives of intuitionistic implication and co-implication with their connexive variants. (shrink)
The trilattice SIXTEEN3 introduced in Shramko & Wansing (2005) is a natural generalization of the famous bilattice FOUR2. Some Hilbert-style proof systems for trilattice logics related to SIXTEEN3 have recently been studied (Odintsov, 2009; Shramko & Wansing, 2005). In this paper, three sequent calculi GB, FB, and QB are presented for Odintsovs coordinate valuations associated with valuations in SIXTEEN3. The equivalence between GB, FB, and QB, the cut-elimination theorems for these calculi, and the decidability of B are proved. In addition, (...) it is shown how the sequent systems for B can be extended to cut-free sequent calculi for Odintsov’s LB, which is an extension of B by adding classical implication and negation connectives. (shrink)
Gentzen-type sequent calculi GBD+, GBDe, GBD1, and GBD2 are respectively introduced for De and Omori’s axiomatic extensions BD+, BDe, BD1, and BD2 of Belnap–Dunn logic by adding classical negation. These calculi are constructed based on a small modification of the original characteristic axiom scheme for negated implication. Theorems for syntactically and semantically embedding these calculi into a Gentzen-type sequent calculus LK for classical logic are proved. The cut-elimination, decidability, and completeness theorems for these calculi are obtained using these embedding theorems. (...) Similar results excluding cut-elimination results are also obtained for alternative Gentzen-type sequent calculi gBD+, gBDe, gBD1, and gBD2 for BD+, BDe, BD1, and BD2, respectively. These alternative calculi are constructed based on the original characteristic axiom scheme for negated implication. (shrink)
This study aims to introduce a modal extension M4CC of Arieli, Avron, and Zamansky's ideal paraconsistent four-valued logic 4CC as a Gentzen-type sequent calculus and prove the Kripke-completeness and cut-elimination theorems for M4CC. The logic M4CC is also shown to be decidable and embeddable into the normal modal logic S4. Furthermore, a subsystem of M4CC, which has some characteristic properties that do not hold for M4CC, is introduced and the Kripke-completeness and cut-elimination theorems for this subsystem are proved. This subsystem (...) is also shown to be decidable and embeddable into S4. (shrink)
A general Gentzen-style framework for handling both bilattice (or strong) negation and usual negation is introduced based on the characterization of negation by a modal-like operator. This framework is regarded as an extension, generalization or re- finement of not only bilattice logics and logics with strong negation, but also traditional logics including classical logic LK, classical modal logic S4 and classical linear logic CL. Cut-elimination theorems are proved for a variety of proposed sequent calculi including CLS (a conservative extension of (...) CL) and CLScw (a conservative extension of some bilattice logics, LK and S4). Completeness theorems are given for these calculi with respect to phase semantics, for SLK (a conservative extension and fragment of LK and CLScw, respectively) with respect to a classical-like semantics, and for SS4 (a conservative extension and fragment of S4 and CLScw, respectively) with respect to a Kripke-type semantics. The proposed framework allows for an embedding of the proposed calculi into LK, S4 and CL. (shrink)
A new logic, quantized intuitionistic linear logic, is introduced, and is closely related to the logic which corresponds to Mulvey and Pelletier's involutive quantales. Some cut-free sequent calculi with a new property quantization principle and some complete semantics such as an involutive quantale model and a quantale model are obtained for QILL. The relationship between QILL and Wansing's extended intuitionistic linear logic with strong negation is also observed using such syntactical and semantical frameworks.
We introduce an extended intuitionistic linear logic with strong negation and modality. The logic presented is a modal extension of Wansing's extended linear logic with strong negation. First, we propose three types of cut-free sequent calculi for this new logic. The first one is named a subformula calculus, which yields the subformula property. The second one is termed a dual calculus, which has positive and negative sequents. The third one is called a triple-context calculus, which is regarded as a natural (...) extension or generalization of Hodas and Miller's dual-context calculus appearing in a linear logic programming language. Second, we present a concurrent process calculus based on the logic. This calculus is an extension of Okada's process calculus. Third, we introduce a Kripke type semantics for a fragment of the logic, and show the completeness theorems with respect to the semantics. Finally, we mention a logic programming language based on the triple-context calculus. (shrink)
Two new multilattice logics called submultilattice logic and indexed multilattice logic are introduced as a monosequent calculus and an indexed monosequent calculus, respectively. The submultilattice logic is regarded as a monosequent calculus version of Shramko’s original multilattice logic, which is also known as the logic of logical multilattices. The indexed multilattice logic is an extension of the submultilattice logic, and is regarded as the logic of multilattices. A completeness theorem with respect to a lattice-valued semantics is proved for the submultilattice (...) logic, and a completeness theorem with respect to a multilattice-valued semantics is proved for the indexed multilattice logic. (shrink)
We introduce Kripke semantics for modal substructural logics, and provethe completeness theorems with respect to the semantics. Thecompleteness theorems are proved using an extended Ishihara's method ofcanonical model construction (Ishihara, 2000). The framework presentedcan deal with a broad range of modal substructural logics, including afragment of modal intuitionistic linear logic, and modal versions ofCorsi's logics, Visser's logic, Méndez's logics and relevant logics.
Dual-intuitionistic logics are logics proposed by Czermak , Goodman and Urbas . It is shown in this paper that there is a correspondence between Goodman's dual-intuitionistic logic and Nelson's constructive logic N−.
In this study, we prove the completeness and cut-elimination theorems for a first-order extension F4CC of Arieli, Avron, and Zamansky’s ideal paraconsistent four-valued logic known as 4CC. These theorems are proved using Schütte’s method, which can simultaneously prove completeness and cut-elimination.
We introduce structural rules mingle, and investigatetheorem-equivalence, cut- eliminability, decidability, interpolabilityand variable sharing property for sequent calculi having the mingle.These results include new cut-elimination results for the extendedlogics: FLm (full Lambek logic with the mingle), GLm(Girard's linear logic with the mingle) and Lm (Lambek calculuswith restricted mingle).
In this paper, a way of constructing many-valued paraconsistent logics with weak double negation axioms is proposed. A hierarchy of weak double negation axioms is addressed in this way. The many-valued paraconsistent logics constructed are defined as Gentzen-type sequent calculi. The completeness and cut-elimination theorems for these logics are proved in a uniform way. The logics constructed are also shown to be decidable.
New propositional and first-order paraconsistent logics (called L ω and FL ω , respectively) are introduced as Gentzen-type sequent calculi with classical and paraconsistent negations. The embedding theorems of L ω and FL ω into propositional (first-order, respectively) classical logic are shown, and the completeness theorems with respect to simple semantics for L ω and FL ω are proved. The cut-elimination theorems for L ω and FL ω are shown using both syntactical ways via the embedding theorems and semantical ways (...) via the completeness theorems. (shrink)
Firstly, a natural deduction system in standard style is introduced for Nelson's para-consistent logic N4, and a normalization theorem is shown for this system. Secondly, a natural deduction system in sequent calculus style is introduced for N4, and a normalization theorem is shown for this system. Thirdly, a comparison between various natural deduction systems for N4 is given. Fourthly, a strong normalization theorem is shown for a natural deduction system for a sublogic of N4. Fifthly, a strong normalization theorem is (...) proved for a typed λ-calculus for a neighbor of N4. Finally, it is remarked that the natural deduction frameworks presented can also be adapted for Wansing's basic connexive logic C. (shrink)
Wansing’s extended intuitionistic linear logic with strong negation, called WILL, is regarded as a resource-conscious refinment of Nelson’s constructive logics with strong negation. In this paper, (1) the completeness theorem with respect to phase semantics is proved for WILL using a method that simultaneously derives the cut-elimination theorem, (2) a simple correspondence between the class of Petri nets with inhibitor arcs and a fragment of WILL is obtained using a Kripke semantics, (3) a cut-free sequent calculus for WILL, called twist (...) calculus, is presented, (4) a strongly normalizable typed λ-calculus is obtained for a fragment of WILL, and (5) new applications of WILL in medical diagnosis and electric circuit theory are proposed. Strong negation in WILL is found to be expressible as a resource-conscious refutability, and is shown to correspond to inhibitor arcs in Petri net theory. (shrink)
We introduce several restricted versions of the structural rules in the implicational fragment of Gentzen's sequent calculus LJ. For example, we permit the applications of a structural rule only if its principal formula is an implication. We investigate cut-eliminability and theorem-equivalence among various combinations of them. The results include new cut-elimination theorems for the implicational fragments of the following logics: relevant logic E, strict implication S4, and their neighbors (e.g., E-W and S4-W); BCI-logic, BCK-logic, relevant logic R, and the intuitionistic (...) logic. (shrink)
This study introduces refutation-aware Gentzen-style sequent calculi and Kripke-style semantics for propositional until-free linear-time temporal logic. The sequent calculi and semantics are constructed on the basis of the refutation-aware setting for Nelson’s paraconsistent logic. The cut-elimination and completeness theorems for the proposed sequent calculi and semantics are proven.
A first-order temporal non-commutative logic TN[l], which has no structural rules and has some l-bounded linear-time temporal operators, is introduced as a Gentzen-type sequent calculus. The logic TN[l] allows us to provide not only time-dependent, resource-sensitive, ordered, but also hierarchical reasoning. Decidability, cut-elimination and completeness (w.r.t. phase semantics) theorems are shown for TN[l]. An advantage of TN[l] is its decidability, because the standard first-order linear-time temporal logic is undecidable. A correspondence theorem between TN[l] and a resource indexed non-commutative logic RN[l] (...) is also shown. This theorem is intended to state that “time” is regarded as a “resource”. (shrink)
A sequent calculus for Odintsov’s Hilbert-style axiomatization of a logic related to the trilattice SIXTEEN3 of generalized truth values is introduced. The completeness theorem w.r.t. a simple semantics for is proved using Maehara’s decomposition method that simultaneously derives the cut-elimination theorem for . A first-order extension of and its semantics are also introduced. The completeness and cut-elimination theorems for are proved using Schütte’s method.
Varieties of natural deduction systems are introduced for Wansing’s paraconsistent non-commutative substructural logic, called a constructive sequential propositional logic (COSPL), and its fragments. Normalization, strong normalization and Church-Rosser theorems are proved for these systems. These results include some new results on full Lambek logic (FL) and its fragments, because FL is a fragment of COSPL.
In this study, an extended paradefinite logic with classical negation (EPLC), which has the connectives of conflation, paraconsistent negation, classical negation, and classical implication, is introduced as a Gentzen-type sequent calculus. The logic EPLC is regarded as a modification of Arieli, Avron, and Zamansky’s ideal four-valued paradefinite logic (4CC) and as an extension of De and Omori’s extended Belnap–Dunn logic with classical negation (BD+) and Avron’s self-extensional four-valued paradefinite logic (SE4). The completeness, cut-elimination, and decidability theorems for EPLC are proved (...) and EPLC is shown to be embeddable into classical logic. The strong equivalence substitution property and the admissibilities of the rules of negative symmetry, contraposition, and involution are shown for EPLC. Some alternative simple Gentzen-type sequent calculi, which are theorem-equivalent to EPLC, are obtained via these characteristic properties. (shrink)
A mechanism for combining any two substructural logics (e.g. linear and intuitionistic logics) is studied from a proof-theoretic point of view. The main results presented are cut-elimination and simulation results for these combined logics called synthesized substructural logics.
It is known that the full computation-tree logic CTL∗is an important base logic for model checking. The bisimulation theorem for CTL∗is known to be useful for abstraction in model checking. In this paper, thebisimulation theorems for two paraconsistent four-valued extensions 4CTL∗and 4LCTL∗of CTL∗are shown, and a translation from 4CTL∗into CTL∗ispresented. By using 4CTL∗and 4LCTL∗, inconsistency-tolerant and spatiotemporal reasoning can be expressed as a model checking framework.
First-order intuitionistic and classical Nelson–Wansing and Arieli–Avron–Zamansky logics, which are regarded as paradefinite and connexive logics, are investigated based on Gentzen-style sequent calculi. The cut-elimination and completeness theorems for these logics are proved uniformly via theorems for embedding these logics into first-order intuitionistic and classical logics. The modified Craig interpolation theorems for these logics are also proved via the same embedding theorems. Furthermore, a theorem for embedding first-order classical Arieli–Avron–Zamansky logic into first-order intuitionistic Arieli–Avron–Zamansky logic is proved using a modified (...) Gödel–Gentzen negative translation. The failure of a theorem for embedding first-order classical Nelson–Wansing logic into first-order intuitionistic Nelson–Wansing logic is also shown. (shrink)
Falsification-aware (hyper)sequent calculi and Kripke semantics for normal modal logics including S4 and S5 are introduced and investigated in this study. These calculi and semantics are constructed based on the idea of a falsification-aware framework for Nelson’s constructive three-valued logic. The cut-elimination and completeness theorems for the proposed calculi and semantics are proved.
It is known that the full computation-tree logic CTL * is an important base logic for model checking. The bisimulation theorem for CTL* is known to be useful for abstraction in model checking. In this paper, the bisimulation theorems for two paraconsistent four-valued extensions 4CTL* and 4LCTL* of CTL* are shown, and a translation from 4CTL* into CTL* is presented. By using 4CTL* and 4LCTL*, inconsistency-tolerant and spatiotemporal reasoning can be expressed as a model checking framework.
Two new first-order paraconsistent logics with De Morgan-type negations and co-implication, called symmetric paraconsistent logic (SPL) and dual paraconsistent logic (DPL), are introduced as Gentzen-type sequent calculi. The logic SPL is symmetric in the sense that the rule of contraposition is admissible in cut-free SPL. By using this symmetry property, a simpler cut-free sequent calculus for SPL is obtained. The logic DPL is not symmetric, but it has the duality principle. Simple semantics for SPL and DPL are introduced, and the (...) completeness theorems with respect to these semantics are proved. The cut-elimination theorems for SPL and DPL are proved in two ways: One is a syntactical way which is based on the embedding theorems of SPL and DPL into Gentzen’s LK, and the other is a semantical way which is based on the completeness theorems. (shrink)