Results for 'Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500'

988 found
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  1.  35
    Blindness and Reorientation: Problems in Plato's Republic.C. D. C. Reeve - 2012 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    C. D. C. Reeve develops a powerful new account of the age-old argument over whether the just are happier than the unjust, drawing from a new understanding of Plato's conception of philosophy.
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  2.  12
    Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.C. D. C. Reeve - 1992 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This book provides an exploration of the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of the Nicomachean Ethics. Rejecting current orthodoxy, this book argues that scientific-knowledge (episteme) is possible in ethics, that dialectic and understanding (nous) play essentially the same role in ethics as in an Aristotelian science, and that the distinctive role of practical wisdom (phronēsis) is to use the knowledge of universals provided by science, dialectic, and understanding so as best to promote happiness (eudaimonia) in particular circumstances and to ensure (...)
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  3.  10
    Essays on Aristotle's de Anima.Martha C. Nussbaum & Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.) - 1992 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Aristotle's philosophy of mind has recently attracted renewed attention and respect from philosophers. This volume brings together outstanding new essays on De Anima by a distinguished international group of contributors including, in this paperback efdition, a new essay by Myles Burnyeat. The essays form a running commentary on the work, covering such topics as the relation between body and soul, sense-perception, imagination, memory, desire, and thought. the authors, writing with philosophical subtlety and wide-ranging scholarship, present the philosophical substance of (...)
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  4.  18
    The Anatomy of Neoplatonism.Antony C. Lloyd - 1990 - Oxford, GB: Clarendon Press.
    The Anatomy of Neoplatonism was the crowning achievement of A. C. Lloyd, the distinguished scholar of late ancient philosophy. He offers a rich and authoritative study of this school of thought, which was highly influential not only on subsequent philosophy but also on Christian theology. His discussion ranges over metaphysics, epistemology, logic, and language, and reveals the fundamental structure of Neoplatonist thought; the book is essential reading for all who work in this area. Lloyd shows that while Neoplatonism (...)
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  5.  79
    "What is philosophy?" The status of non-western philosophy in the profession.Robert C. Solomon - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (1):100-104.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:"What Is Philosophy?"The Status of World Philosophy in the ProfessionRobert C. SolomonThe question "What is philosophy?" is both one of the most virtuously self-effacing and one of the most obnoxious that philosophers today tend to ask. It is virtuously self-effacing insofar as it questions, with some misgivings, its own behavior, the worth of the questions it asks, and the significance of the enterprise itself. It is (...)
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  6.  21
    "What is Philosophy?" The Status of Non-Western Philosophy in the Profession.Robert C. Solomon - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (1):100-104.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:"What Is Philosophy?"The Status of World Philosophy in the ProfessionRobert C. SolomonThe question "What is philosophy?" is both one of the most virtuously self-effacing and one of the most obnoxious that philosophers today tend to ask. It is virtuously self-effacing insofar as it questions, with some misgivings, its own behavior, the worth of the questions it asks, and the significance of the enterprise itself. It is (...)
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  7.  19
    The Shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies.Thomas C. Mcevilley - 2001 - Allworth.
    Spanning thirty years of intensive research, this book proves what many scholars could not explain: that today’s Western world must be considered the product of both Greek and Indian thought—Western and Eastern philosophies. Thomas McEvilley explores how trade, imperialism, and migration currents allowed cultural philosophies to intermingle freely throughout India, Egypt, Greece, and the ancient Near East. This groundbreaking reference will stir relentless debate among philosophers, art historians, and students.
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  8.  21
    Economic Morality: Ancient to Modern Readings.Henry C. Clark & Eric Allison (eds.) - 2014 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This volume provides an integrated and wide-ranging set of primary-source readings on the relationship between moral values and economic activity, as articulated by some of the leading figures in Western civilization.
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  9. Philosophy, Education and the Corruption of Youth—From Socrates to Islamic Extremists.A. C. Besley - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (1):6-19.
    Following Aristotle’s description of youth and brief discussion about indoctrination and parrhesia, the article historicizes Socrates’ trial as the intersection of philosophy, education and a teacher’s influence on youth. It explores the historic-political context and how contemporary Athenians might have viewed Socrates and his student’s actions, whereby his teachings were implicated in three coups led by his former students against Athenian democracy, for or which he accepted little or no responsibility. Socrates appears subversively anti-democratic. This provides grounds that challenge (...)
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  10.  51
    Philosophy, Education and the Corruption of Youth—From Socrates to Islamic Extremists.A. C. Besley - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (1):6-19.
    Following Aristotle’s description of youth and brief discussion about indoctrination and parrhesia, the article historicizes Socrates’ trial as the intersection of philosophy, education and a teacher’s influence on youth. It explores the historic-political context and how contemporary Athenians might have viewed Socrates and his student’s actions, whereby his teachings were implicated in three coups led by his former students against Athenian democracy, for or which he accepted little or no responsibility. Socrates appears subversively anti-democratic. This provides grounds that challenge (...)
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  11.  37
    Japanese Philosophy as a Lens on Greco-European Thought.John C. Maraldo - 2013 - Journal of Japanese Philosophy 1 (1):21-56.
    To answer the question of whether there is such a thing as Japanese philosophy, and what its characteristics might be, scholars have typi­cally used Western philosophy as a measure to examine Japanese texts. This article turns the tables and asks what Western thought looks like from the perspective of Japanese philosophy. It uses Japanese philo­sophical sources as a lens to bring into sharper focus the qualities and biases of Greek-derived Western philosophy. It first (...)
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  12.  8
    A Guide to Eric Voegelin's Political Reality.Montgomery C. Erfourth - 2013 - South Bend, Indiana: St. Augustine's Press.
    This guide is an exploration of political reality as understood by Eric Voegelin. Voegelin employed the revolutionary concepts found in ancient Greek noetic and Christian pneumatic philosophy that describe political reality and the means to know it. This guide begins with a biographical sketch of Voegelin, the historical milieu that inspired his resistance to "unreality" and terms and symbols he uses to identify the spiritual sickness he believes is destroying Western civilization's traditional basis of order, it then examines (...)
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  13.  44
    Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings.Robert C. Solomon, Kathleen Marie Higgins & Clancy Martin - 1993 - New York: Oxford University Press USA. Edited by Kathleen Marie Higgins & Clancy W. Martin.
    Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings, Tenth Edition, is an exciting, accessible, and thorough introduction to the core problems of philosophy and the many ways in which they are, and have been, answered. The authors combine substantial selections from significant works in the history of philosophy with excerpts from current philosophy, clarifying the readings and providing context with their own detailed commentary and explanation. Spanning 2,500 years, the selections range from the oldest known fragments to (...)
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  14.  15
    Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings.Robert C. Solomon, Kathleen Marie Higgins & Clancy Martin - 1993 - New York: Oxford University Press USA. Edited by Kathleen Marie Higgins & Clancy W. Martin.
    Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings, Eleventh Edition, is an exciting, accessible, and thorough introduction to the core questions of philosophy and the many ways in which they are, and have been, answered. The authors combine substantial selections from significant works in the history of philosophy with excerpts from current philosophy, clarifying the readings and providing context with their own detailed commentary and explanation. Spanning 2,500 years, the selections range from the oldest known fragments to (...)
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  15.  10
    Plato.Constance C. Meinwald - 2015 - New York: Routledge.
    In this outstanding introduction, Constance Meinwald covers all of Plato's philosophy and shows how he shaped the landscape of Western philosophy. Beginning with a helpful overview of what is known about Plato's life and times, she clearly explains and assesses Plato's fundamental arguments and ideas. These include the importance of Plato's view of what philosophy is and the distinctive way in which his most important arguments are presented in dialogues; his theories of ethics addressed through the (...)
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  16.  26
    The Place of Hellenic Philosophy.Christos C. Evangeliou - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:61-99.
    The appellation “Western” is, in my view, inappropriate when applied to Ancient Hellas and its greatest product, the Hellenic philosophy. For, as a matter of historical fact, neither the spirit of free inquiry and bold speculation, nor the quest of perfection via autonomous virtuous activity and ethical excellence survived, in the purity of their Hellenic forms, the imposition of inflexible religious doctrines and practices on Christian Europe. The coming of Christianity, with the theocratic proclivity of the Church, especially (...)
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  17.  18
    Selfhood and Rationality in Ancient Greek Philosophy: From Heraclitus to Plotinus.Anthony A. Long - 2022 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This book is a collection of fourteen essays on the themes of selfhood and rationality in ancient Greek philosophy. The discussion ranges over seven centuries of innovative thought, starting with Heraclitus’ injunction to listen to the cosmic logos, and concluding with Plotinus’ criticism of those who make embodiment essential to human identity. For the Greek philosophers the notion of a rational self was bound up with questions about divinity and happiness called eudaimonia, meaning a god-favoured life or a life (...)
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  18.  2
    Bibliographia praesocratica: a bibliographical guide to the studies of early Greek philosophy in its religious and scientific contexts, with an introductory bibliography on the historiography of philosophy: over 8,500 authors, 17,664 entries from 1450 to 2000.C. Bogoljub Sijakovi - 2001 - Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
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  19.  7
    The Greek Philosophers: From Thales to Aristotle.W. K. C. Guthrie - 1950 - New York: Routledge.
    With an new foreword by James Warren Long renowned as one of the clearest and best introductions to ancient Greek philosophy for non-specialists, W.K.C Guthrie s The Greek Philosophers offers us a brilliant insight into the hidden foundations of Greek philosophy foundations that underpin Western thought today. Guthrie explores the great age of Greek Philosophy from Thales to Aristotle whilst combining comprehensiveness with brevity. He unpacks the ideas and arguments of Plato and Aristotle in the light (...)
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  20.  21
    Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings, International Edition, Tenth Edition.Robert C. Solomon, Clancy Martin & Kathleen M. Higgins - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings, Tenth Edition is a thorough introduction to the core problems of philosophy, including explanations and background by the authors along with generous excerpts from the philosophers under discussion. Organized topically, the chapters present alternative perspectives-including analytic, continental, feminist, and non-Western viewpoints-alongside the historical works of major philosophers. The text provides the course materials that allow instructors and students to focus on a variety of philosophical problems and perspectives. Spanning 2,500 years, (...)
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  21.  9
    Socratic questions: new essays on the philosophy of Socrates and its significance.Barry Gower & Michael C. Stokes (eds.) - 1992 - New York: Routledge.
    Socrates is still an enigmatic figure of enormous importance in Western culture. This book introduces both some of Socrates' problems and some of the problems about him. It seeks at the same time to advance new views, arguments and information on Socrates' mission, techniques, ethics and later reception. Composed of new essays by different scholars, some of them primarily Hellenstics, some philosophers, it illustrates both the variety of Plato's literary portrayals of Socrates and the diversity of later and present-day (...)
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  22.  13
    Moral Foundations of American Law: Faith, Virtue and Mores.Geoffrey C. Hazard - 2013 - Intersentia. Edited by Douglas W. Pinto.
    This excellent book is about Western morality as it interacts with law. It is not contrasting the moral foundations of American law with other value systems. Rather the authors examine the history and great diversity of Western thought, the substance of moral ideas. They range from the ancients to the new old order of the New World. Hazard and Pinto see the various voices articulating moral, political and legal thought as "pregnant with future relevance" for practical decision-making. Thus (...)
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  23.  35
    A companion to Western historical thought.Lloyd S. Kramer & Sarah C. Maza (eds.) - 2002 - Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
    The volume comprises 24 chapters by leading historians who discuss conceptions of and approaches to the human past in the ancient, medieval, early modern and ...
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  24.  5
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 50.Victor Caston (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  25.  3
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 51.Victor Caston (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  26.  12
    Psychology and Value in Plato, Aristotle, and Hellenistic Philosophy: The Ninth Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy.Fiona Leigh & Margaret Hampson (eds.) - 2022 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Ancient Greek thought saw the birth, in so-called Western philosophy, of the study now known as moral psychology. In its broadest sense, moral psychology encompasses the study of those aspects of human psychology relevant to our moral lives—desire, emotion, ethical knowledge, practical moral reasoning, and moral imagination—and their role in apprehending or responding to sources of value. This volume draws together contributions from leading international scholars in ancient philosophy, exploring central issues in the moral psychology of Plato, (...)
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  27.  9
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 42.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  28.  5
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 46.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  29.  2
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 48.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  30.  5
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 49.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  31.  6
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  32.  5
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 47.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  33.  2
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 48.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  34.  4
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 45.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  35.  3
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 45.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  36.  6
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 44.Brad Inwood (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
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  37.  15
    Learning to Live Naturally: Stoic Ethics and its Modern Significance.Christopher Gill - 2022 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a sustained examination of the core Stoic ethical claims and their significance for modern moral theory. The first part considers the Stoic ideas of happiness as the life according to nature and virtue as expertise in leading a happy life and explores the senses of ‘nature’ (both human and universal) relevant for ethics. It also explains the distinction in value between virtue and ‘indifferents’ and analyses virtuous practical deliberation as selection between ‘indifferents’ directed at leading a happy (...)
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  38.  11
    The Virtue of Agency: Sôphrosunê and Self-Constitution in Classical Greece.Christopher Moore - 2023 - New York, US: OUP Usa.
    Sôphrosunê ("self-discipline") is the often-forgotten sibling of justice, wisdom, courage, and piety in discussions of canonical Greek virtues. Christopher Moore shows that during the classical period it was the object of significant debate--about its scope, its feel, its practical manifestations, and its value. By interpreting sôphrosunê as a commitment to norm-following, we see that these pointed discussions of the virtue, previously ignored as parodic moralizing or expressions of political propaganda, are in fact concerned with the ideal of human agency. These (...)
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  39.  19
    The Quest for the Good Life: Ancient Philosophers on Happiness.Øyvind Rabbås, Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson, Hallvard Fossheim & Miira Tuominen (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    How should I live? How can I be happy? What is happiness, really? These are perennial questions, which in recent times have become the subject of diverse kinds of academic research. Ancient philosophers placed happiness at the centre of their thought, and we can trace the topic through nearly a millennium. While the centrality of the notion of happiness in ancient ethics is well known, this book is unique in that it focuses directly on this notion, as it appears in (...)
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  40.  17
    Jun-zi orientation: unique aspects of Asian business practices.Vane-Ing Tian, Alan C. B. Tse & Samart Powpaka - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (2):395-416.
    With the growing importance of China and other Asian economies in international business, both executives and academic researchers are eager to understand the unique aspects of Asian business practices. Extant literature suggests that market orientation has a positive effect on firm performance in China. However, the moral and social norms in China are very different from those in Western societies; a business orientation developed based on Confucius ethics, a core Chinese philosophy that affects China and many Asian economies, (...)
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  41.  5
    Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values.Richard Sorabji - 2012 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Richard Sorabji presents a fascinating study of Gandhi's philosophy in comparison with Christian and Stoic thought. He shows that Gandhi was a true philosopher, who not only aimed to give a consistent self-critical rationale for his views, but also thought himself obliged to live by what he taught.
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  42.  11
    A history of western philosophy: from the pre-Socratics to postmodernism.C. Stephen Evans - 2018 - Downers Grove, Illinois: IVP Academic, an imprint of ItnterVarsity Press.
    Plato. Aristotle. Augustine. Hume. Kant. Hegel. Every student of philosophy needs to know the history of the philosophical discourse such giants have bequeathed us. Philosopher C. Stephen Evans brings his expertise to this daunting task as he surveys the history of Western philosophy, from the Pre-Socratics to Nietzsche and postmodernism—and every major figure and movement in between.
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  43.  17
    The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation.Terence Irwin - 2007 - Oxford, GB: Clarendon Press.
    Terence Irwin presents a historical and critical study of the development of moral philosophy over two thousand years, from ancient Greece to the Reformation. Starting with the seminal ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, he guides the reader through the centuries that follow, introducing each of the thinkers he discusses with generous quotations from their works. He offers not only careful interpretation but critical evaluation of what they have to offer philosophically. This is the first of three volumes which (...)
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  44.  32
    Doing and Being: An Interpretation of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Theta.Jonathan B. Beere - 2009 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Doing and Being confronts the problem of how to understand two central concepts of Aristotle's philosophy: energeia and dunamis. While these terms seem ambiguous between actuality/potentiality and activity/capacity, Aristotle did not intend them to be so. Through a careful and detailed reading of Metaphysics Theta, Beere argues that we can solve the problem by rejecting both "actuality" and "activity" as translations of energeia, and by working out an analogical conception of energeia. This approach enables Beere to discern a hitherto (...)
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  45.  58
    Living for Pleasure - An Epicurean Guide to Life.Emily A. Austin - 2022 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    In Living for Pleasure, philosopher Emily Austin offers a lively, jargon-free tour of Epicurean strategies for diminishing anxiety, achieving satisfaction, and relishing joys.
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  46. Doing and being: an interpretation of Aristotle's Metaphysics theta.Jonathan B. Beere - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Doing and Being confronts the problem of how to understand two central concepts of Aristotle's philosophy: energeia and dunamis.
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  47.  26
    Passions and Persuasion in Aristotle’s Rhetoric.Jamie Dow - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Jamie Dow presents an original treatment of Aristotle's views on rhetoric and the passions, and the first major study of Aristotle's Rhetoric in recent years. He attributes to Aristotle a normative view of rhetoric and its role in the state, and ascribes to him a particular view of the kinds of cognitions involved in the passions.
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  48.  29
    Philosophos: Plato’s Missing Dialogue.Mary Louise Gill - 2012 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Plato famously promised to complement the Sophist and the Statesman with another work on a third sort of expert, the philosopher--but we do not have this final dialogue. Mary Louise Gill argues that Plato promised the Philosopher, but did not write it, in order to stimulate his audience and encourage his readers to work out, for themselves, the portrait it would have contained. The Sophist and Statesman are themselves members of a larger series starting with the Theaetetus, Plato's investigation of (...)
  49.  50
    Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, and Primacy in Socratic and Aristotelian Thought.Michael T. Ferejohn - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Michael T. Ferejohn presents a new analysis of Aristotle's theory of explanation and scientific knowledge, in the context of its Socratic roots. Ferejohn shows how Aristotle resolves the tension between his commitment to the formal-case model of explanation and his recognition of the role of efficient causes in explaining natural phenomena.
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  50.  52
    Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato.Katja Maria Vogt - 2012 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato explores a Socratic intuition about belief, doxa -- belief is "shameful." In aiming for knowledge, one must aim to get rid of beliefs. Vogt shows how deeply this proposal differs from contemporary views, but that it nevertheless speaks to intuitions we are likely to share with Plato, ancient skeptics, and Stoic epistemologists.
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