About this topic
Summary This profile for Plotinus is a work in progress. 
Key works
  • Plotinus, 7 volumes, Greek text with English translation by A.H. Armstrong, Cambridge, MA: Loeb Classical Library, 1968–88.
  • Plotinus. The Enneads, edited by Lloyd P. Gerson, and translated by George Boys-Stones, John M. Dillon, Lloyd P. Gerson, R.A. King, Andrew Smith and James Wilberding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.
  • Plotinus. The Enneads, translated by Stephen MacKenna, abridged and edited by John Dillon, London: Penguin Books, 1991.
  • Neoplatonic Philosophy. Introductory Readings, translations of portions of the works of Plotinus, Porphyry, Iamblichus, and Proclus by John Dillon and Lloyd P. Gerson, Indianapolis: Hackett, 2004.
  • Plotin. Traites, 9 volumes, French translation with commentaries by Luc Brisson and J.-F. Pradéau, et al., Paris: Flammarion, 2002–2010.
  • Paul Henry and Hans-Rudolf Schwyzer (eds.), Editio maior (3 volumes), Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1951–1973.
  • Paul Henry and Hans-Rudolf Schwyzer (eds.), Editio minor, Oxford, 1964–1982.
Introductions
  • Gerson, Lloyd P. (ed.), 1996, The Cambridge Companion to Plotinus, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gerson, Lloyd, "Plotinus", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .
  • Corrigan, Kevin, Plotinus: a practical introduction to Neoplatonism, Purdue University Press, 2004.
  • O’Meara, Dominic, 1993, Plotinus: An Introduction to the Enneads, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Related
Siblings
See also

Contents
2361 found
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  1. John Smith among the Cambridge Platonists.Derek Michaud - manuscript
  2. Plotinus and Dionysius the Areopagite on Participation in the Good.Panagiotis G. Pavlos - manuscript
    Paper draft on the concept of participation in the Late Antique thought of Plotinus and Dionysius the Areopagite.
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  3. The Study of God in Plotinus' Philosophical System.Mahdi Alipour - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 43.
    In Plotinus' Philosophical system of the world we can see three hypostases which result from each other vertically. They include: the One, the intellect, and the soul.There are various views concerning the genesis of the world, such as the theory of creation, which is suggested by holy books, the theory of theophany and manifestation, which belongs to gnostics, and the theory of emanation, in which most philosophers believe.Concerning the genesis of the world, Plotinus believed in emanation. This word is derived (...)
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  4. Plotinus and the Theory of the Oneness of Being.Zakariya Baharnejad - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 57.
    The oneness of being is still one of the most exciting and, at the same time, critical and controversial issues in the field of religious sciences. However, a correct study of it can decrease the number of the involved controversies to some extent. The writer has chosen Plotinus for this study because the Neo-Platonic philosophy, which has Plotinus as its founder, has influenced the thoughts of Muslim thinkers in the fields of gnosis and philosophy. This influence has been exercised through (...)
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  5. The Concept of Transcendence from Plato to Plotinus.Robert Petkovšek - unknown - Phainomena 72.
    The paper follows the development of the concept of transcendence ‹e)pe/keina› from the time when it first entered philosophy in Plato’s The Republic up to Plotinus, who thought it through in all its essential dimensions. In common with some thinkers before him, Plotinus thought of the concept of transcendence in the light of the absolute one Plato analyzed in the first hypothesis of Parmenides. The paper also shows how Plotinus understood transcendence with regard to Being and to thinking. The paper (...)
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  6. On Beauty. Plotinus - unknown - Phainomena 72.
    After concluding in the introduction that different things are beautiful in different ways, the first section of the treatise focuses on sensory beauty or beauty of bodies. Rejecting symmetry as a sufficient criterion for beauty, Plotinus explains that things in this world are beautiful to the extent that they participate in form and to the extent that shapeless matter is dominated by shape and the formative principle. Sensory beauty stirs the soul and helps it to recognise and remember transcendental beauty.
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  7. Phidias’ Zeus: on Artistic Creation in Plotinus.Kristina Tomc - unknown - Phainomena 72.
    According to the history of aesthetics, Plotinus restored the dignity of which Plato’s verdict on artists in The Republic, especially his notorious mirror analogy in the tenth book, had deprived them. The paper analyses the key topics in the first chapter of Plotinus’ treatise On Noetic Beauty : the meaning of arts and their function, the way Plotinus’ aesthetics is firmly embedded in his metaphysics, the defence of imitation/representation of nature and Phidias’ creation of his statue of Zeus at Olympia. (...)
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  8. The Role of Platonism in Augustine's 386 Conversion to Christianity.Mark J. Boone - May 2015 - Religion Compass 9 (5):151-61.
    Augustine′s conversion to Christianity in A.D. 386 is a pivotal moment not only in his own life, but in Christian and world history, for the theology of Augustine set the course of theological and cultural development in the western Christian church. But to what exactly was Augustine converted? Scholars have long debated whether he really converted to Christianity in 386, whether he was a Platonist, and, if he adhered to both Platonism and Christianity, which dominated his thought. The debate of (...)
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  9. Sarah Klitenic Wear.José C. Baracat - forthcoming - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition.
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  10. Philosophy of being and non-philosophy of The One.Ulrich de Balbian - forthcoming - Oxford: Academic Publishers.
    An exploration of the philosophical and mystical ideas of Plotinus. So as to show that underneath all traditional Western philosophy of being their lies a non-philosophy of 'the one'. The One with whom mystics seek unification or to be united with (also know as realization of the one real self, unity with the Sufi Beloved, buddha-mind, the absolute truth, the foundation or ground of all etc).
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  11. Plotinus’ Legacy: Studies in the Transformation of “Platonism” from Early Modernism to the Romantics.Stephen Gersh (ed.) - forthcoming
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  12. Plotinus-Paul.H. P. L'Orange - forthcoming - Byzantion.
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  13. Plotinus.Jérôme Laurent - forthcoming - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition.
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  14. Plotinus' Self-Reflexivity Argument against Materialism.Zain Raza - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy Today.
    Plotinus argues that materialism cannot explain reflexive cognition. He argues that mere bodies cannot engage in the self-reflexive activity of both cognizing some content and being cognitively aware of cognizing this content. Short of outright denying the cognitive unity underlying this phenomenon of self-awareness, materialism is in trouble. However, Plotinus bases his argument on the condition that material bodies are capable of a spatial unity at most, and while this condition has purchase on ancient materialists, it would be rejected today. (...)
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  15. What Time is Not: εἰκών and ἀριθμός in Plato’s Account of Time in the Timaeus (37d5-7) and the Platonic Tradition.Thomas Seissl - forthcoming - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition:1-28.
    In one of the most famous but equally obscure passages in the Timaeus, Plato describes the generation of time and the heavens. The “moving image of eternity” (37d5) is commonly read as Plato’s most general characterisation of time. Rémi Brague famously challenged the traditional interpretation on linguistic grounds by claiming that Plato actually did not conceive of time as an image (εἰκών) but rather as a number (ἀριθμός). In this paper, I shall claim that this controversy is by no means (...)
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  16. Le « logos » chez plotin.Fernand Turlot - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  17. Review: John M. Cooper, Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus. [REVIEW]Raphael Woolf - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations 124 (2):397-402,.
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  18. Plotinus ve Farabî’de Sudûr.Mustafa Yıldırım - forthcoming - Felsefe Dünyasi.
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  19. Heidegger's Alternative History of Time.Emily Hughes & Marilyn Stendera - 2024 - New York: Routledge.
    This book reconstructs Heidegger’s philosophy of time by reading his work with and against a series of key interlocutors that he nominates as being central to his own critical history of time. In doing so, it explains what makes time of such significance for Heidegger and argues that Heidegger can contribute to contemporary debates in the philosophy of time. Time is a central concern for Heidegger, yet his thinking on the subject is fragmented, making it difficult to grasp its depth, (...)
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  20. Plotinus the Master and the Apotheosis of Imperial Platonism.William H. F. Altman - 2023 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    With both the Roman Empire and contemporary scholarship as backdrop, this book contrasts the Imperial Platonism of Plotinus with Plato's own by distinguishing one as a master enlightening disciples, and the other as an Athenian teacher who taught students to discover the truth for themselves in the Academy.
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  21. Harmonisation, hiérarchisation ou neutralisation? Plotin et Proclus lecteurs de Métaphysique Lambda.Gwenaëlle Aubry - 2023 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 146 (3):117-143.
    Les lectures plotinienne et proclusienne de Métaphysique Λ ne se résolvent pas dans ces résultats doctrinaux que sont la hiérarchisation de l’Intellect et de l’Un-Bien et l’harmonisation des causalités efficiente et finale. Pour les saisir tant dans leur différence que dans celle qui les oppose toutes deux aux lectures concordistes, il faut déplacer l’analyse du plan des doctrines à celui des concepts. Plus précisément, il faut demander comment Plotin et Proclus intègrent le concept qui, en Métaphysique Λ, condense la charge (...)
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  22. Plotinus and Wang Yangming on the Structures of Consciousness and Reality: A Transversal Prospection in View of Affinities of Their Positions.David Bartosch - 2023 - Asian Studies · Azijske Študije 11 (1):91-135.
    In this paper, particular key aspects of the philosophies of Plotinus and Wang Yangming have been analysed comparatively on the basis of important passages of their works. The method used for this investigation can be defined as that of transversal comparative induction, in which the focus is more on working out the details of affinities and similarities. As this means a first step in an encompassing systematic context, differences will be introduced more briefly. The present investigation aims to provide a (...)
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  23. Review of A.A. Long, Plotinus. Ennead II.4: On Matter[REVIEW]Ryan M. Brown - 2023 - Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2023.
    Review of A.A. Long's translation and commentary of Plotinus's "On Matter" (II.4).
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  24. Plotin. Traité 30. III.8. Sur la Nature, la Contemplation et l’Un, written by Bertrand Ham.Damian Caluori - 2023 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 17 (1):114-116.
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  25. Jean-Michel Charrue, La philosophie néoplatonicienne de l’éducation : Hypatie, Plotin, Jamblique, Proclus.Mathilde Cambron-Goulet - 2023 - Philosophie Antique 23.
    Alors que l’éducation apparaît comme un thème principal de la pensée néoplatonicienne, et qu’elle a fait l’objet de nombreux articles scientifiques et chapitres de livres, il n’existe que très peu de monographies sur cette question (on songe par exemple à l’ouvrage d’E. Watts, 2006, City and School in Late Antique Athens and Alexandria, University of California Press, qui a déjà une quinzaine d’années). La contribution de Jean-Michel Charrue, parce qu’elle place l’éducation, même disséminée d...
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  26. Plotinus on Hylomorphic Forms.Riccardo Chiaradonna - 2023 - In The History of Hylomorphism: From Aristotle to Descartes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 197-220.
    This chapter focuses on Plotinus’ engagement with Aristotle’s hylomorphism against the wider background of Plotinus’ account of living beings. Plotinus’ general point throughout his writings is that, whatever one might think of the soul as an enmattered form, its status is not sufficiently distinct from that of the body and of its attributes. So Aristotle cannot ground his own distinction between body and soul, since the soul is an attribute among others and all attempts to make sense of its status (...)
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  27. Plotin VI 5 (23) 8, 15-35.Lorenzo Ferroni - 2023 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 1:185-212.
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  28. Not a Body: the Catalyst of St. Augustine’s Intellectual Conversion in the Books of the Platonists.Kyle S. Hodge - 2023 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 93 (1):51-72.
    In his Confessions, Augustine says that he achieved great intellectual insight from what he cryptically calls the “books of the Platonists.” Prior to reading these books, he was a corporealist and was unable to conceive of incorporeal beings. Because of the insurmountable philosophical problems corporealism caused for the Christian belief he was seeking, Augustine claims that this was the greatest intellectual barrier he faced in converting to Christianity. As such, the specific contents and effects of these Platonist books are of (...)
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  29. The Enneads of Plotinus: A Commentary | Volume 2.Paul Kalligas - 2023 - Princeton University Press.
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  30. O tratado sobre os números, de Plotino : uma tradução comentada.Vinicius J. H. C. Leonardi - 2023 - Dissertation, Federal University of Paraná
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  31. L’articulation des chapitres 19 et 20 du traité VI, 2 [43] de Plotin. La priorité du genre sur ses espèces.Camille Mouflier - 2023 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 44 (1):153-171.
    Chapter 20 of Plotinus’ treatise VI, 2 [43] has received particular attention because it seems to deal with the Intellect. However, the connection of this chapter with chapter 19 is problematic insofar as the latter deals with the ways in which species are generated by the first genera. Our aim will be to show that chapter 20 can only be understood in the light of the notion of genus. More precisely, Plotinus’ aim in this chapter is to demonstrate the priority (...)
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  32. Ennead I.5: on whether well-being increases with time. Plotinus - 2023 - Las Vegas: Parmenides Publishing. Edited by Danielle A. Layne.
    In Ennead I.5 Plotinus attempts to navigate a well-trodden path of inquiry by responding directly to a wide spectrum of popular theories on human flourishing, insisting emphatically that well-being belongs to the present moment. One of his central targets is Aristotle, who insisted that well-being be measured by "a complete life" or a life measured by virtue, a modus vivendi sustained via the development of appropriate habits (hexis) and the avoidance of misfortunes. At the same time the Hellenistic schools-with their (...)
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  33. The Life of Contemplation and the Life of Action: Plotinus and Φρόνησις.Jasmina Popovska - 2023 - Annuaire de la Faculté de Philosophie 76:65-74.
    The analysis of the characteristics of the concept φρόνησις (phronesis) in Plotinus’ philosophy inevitably opens a wider discussion about the status and autonomy of ethical theory in Plotinus’ philosophy and about the relationship between contemplative and active life. On the one hand, the paradigmatic interpretations hold that there is an otherworldly, self-centred and elitist ethics in Plotinus’ philosophy, and on the other, in the recent interpretations, the so-called “ethics of descent”, as opposed to “ethics of ascent”, the autonomy of πρᾶξις (...)
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  34. Karl Jaspers und Plotin: Eine Untersuchung zu den Quellen von Jaspers’ Metaphysik der Transzendenz.Tolga Ratzsch - 2023 - Verlag Karl Alber.
    With his philosophy of transcendence, Karl Jaspers is considered one of the few great metaphysicians of the 20th century. This study is devoted to the roots of his transcendental thinking in the philosophy of Plotinus (c. 204–270). It demonstrates the constitutive role that reference to the philosophia perennis played for Jaspers, as well as his early and intensive engagement with the founder of Neoplatonism, who for Jaspers was ‘the metaphysician par excellence’. His connection with Plotinus opens up fascinating new perspectives (...)
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  35. Neu-Platonische Studien: Darstellung Des Lebens Und Philosophie Des Plotin.Arthur Richter - 2023 - Legare Street Press.
    Dieses Buch bietet eine umfassende Darstellung des Lebens und der Philosophie von Plotin, einem wichtigen Vertreter des Neu-Platonismus. Der Autor bezieht sich dabei auf eine Vielzahl von Quellen und gibt dem Leser damit einen tiefen Einblick in die Gedankenwelt von Plotin. This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the "public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other (...)
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  36. Plotinus and Augustine on the Mid-Rank of Soul: Navigating Two Worlds.O. P. Torchia - 2023 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book addresses the mid-rank of the soul theme as it emerges in Plotinus and Augustine in the context of their respective interpretations of universal order. They both use the journey metaphor to describe the soul’s progress through the turbulent “sea” of earthly existence.
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  37. Anthony A. Long. Selfhood and Rationality in Ancient Greek Philosophy: From Heraclitus to Plotinus. New York: Oxford University Press, 2022. [REVIEW]Despina Vertzagia - 2023 - Conatus 8 (1):339-353.
    Anthony A. Long’s recent book, Selfhood and Rationality in Ancient Greek Philosophy: From Heraclitus to Plotinus (2022), is a collection of fourteen essays that explore the themes of selfhood and rationality in ancient Greek philosophy. Long’s book provides an illuminating account of the vast ancient Greek tradition and an engaging tour that begins with pre-Socratic thought and ends with Stoicism and Neoplatonism seeking answers to the multifaceted question of the rational self, its emergence and evolution within Greek antiquity.
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  38. Plotinus: Against The Gnostics.Hüseyin Aydoğan - 2022 - Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi 26 (3):1053-1069.
    The Enneads are our main source for understanding Plotinus' philosophical architecture. In this work, the philosopher attempted to fully explain his own philosophical doctrine. However, there is a treatise in this work that gives the impression of being outside the philosophical architecture. This treatise, entitled Against the Gnostics, serves two different purposes for researchers. First, we have the opportunity to confirm the philosopher's own teaching through this treatise. Second, through Plotinos' objections to the Gnostics, we witness the heated debates of (...)
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  39. Plotin, written by Jean-François Pradeau.Damian Caluori - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 16 (1):82-84.
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  40. Plotinus. Ennead III.4. On Our Allotted Guardian Spirit, written by Wiebke-Marie Stock.Damian Caluori - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 16 (1):85-87.
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  41. The World Soul and the Emergence of Human Life.Anna Corrias - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 17 (1):61-82.
    Marsilio Ficino’s view on ensoulment, which can be extrapolated from his critique of natal astrology, relies on the relations of metaphysical proportion between the different levels of life and being which are central to Platonic philosophy. Drawing primarily on Plotinus, Ficino describes the emergence of life in the embryo as a process in which the World Soul is the true agent. For him, the ‘human nature’ that is present in the developing embryo attracts into the mother’s womb the seed of (...)
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  42. Séparation et relation chez Platon et chez Plotin.Michel Fattal - 2022 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    L'originalité de la philosophie de Platon et de Plotin est de situer l'origine de toutes choses dans un principe supérieur au monde physique et matériel. Cette décision philosophique, qui ne va pas de soi, visant à placer la cause de toutes choses dans un principe transcendant et immatériel, est concomitante d'un autre choix philosophique consistant à "séparer" la cause de son effet, le haut du bas, l'intelligible du sensible, l'invisible du visible, l'incorporel du corporel. De telles "séparations" poseront à Platon (...)
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  43. Hégémonie de l’Un, anarchie de l’'me. Une lecture croisée de Reiner Schürmann et de Plotin.Coline Fournout - 2022 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 113 (1):53-67.
    Dans Des hégémonies brisées, Reiner Schürmann pose que tout principe hégémonique est travaillé du dedans par une puissance anarchique qui brise sa normativité. Il en va ainsi du Premier Principe, l’Un, dans les Ennéades de Plotin. À partir d’une étude de la spécificité de la production de la matière par l’âme et de la notion d’audace [tólma], notre article soutient que le lieu de l’anarchie se trouve non pas dans l’Un, mais dans les âmes, c’est-à-dire à un niveau encore dépendant (...)
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  44. Editorial on Neoplatonism.John Gale - 2022 - Vestigia 3 (2):1-6.
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  45. Plotinus on Beauty: Beauty as Illuminated Unity in Multiplicity.Ota Gál - 2022 - Boston: Brill.
    Although Plotinus’ two treatises on beauty could be taken to reflect an evolution in his thought, a careful examination shows that he consistently argues for a conception of beauty as the illuminated unity in multiplicity of the Intellect.
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  46. Matter and light in Marsilio Ficino’s Commentary on the “Enneads” of Plotinus : Crossing the barrier.Stephen Gersh - 2022 - Chôra 20:165-185.
    Le système métaphysique du platonicien chrétien Marsile Ficin se caractérise par une ample utilisation des analogies et, plus particulièrement, de l’analogie de la lumière. Compte tenu de l’énorme éventail de ces applications, le présent article se concentre sur une question spécifique, à savoir celle de la relation entre lumière et ombre en relation avec sa notion de matière, et sur un texte spécifique : le Commentaire sur les «Ennéades» de Plotin, que Ficin a publié vers la fin de sa carrière. (...)
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  47. The Platonizing Sethian Background of Plotinus’s Mysticism, written by Alexander J. Mazur and Revised Edition by Dylan M. Burns, with Kevin Corrigan, Ivan Miroshnikov, Tuomas Rasimus, and John D. Turner. [REVIEW]Lloyd P. Gerson - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 16 (1):88-91.
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  48. The Role of διάνοια in Plotinus’ Philosophy.Lloyd P. Gerson - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 17 (2):190-207.
    In this paper, I explore the centrality of διάνοια in Plotinus’ philosophy. Plotinus says that the real “we” is found to be the subject of διάνοια and “upwards.” This fundamental definition elicits several pressing questions. First, how is the subject of discursive reasoning related to the subject of appetitive and affective states? Second, how does the subject of discursive reasoning come to recognize its ultimate destiny as an undescended and disembodied intellect? Finally, why should we think that, as Plotinus says, (...)
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  49. Intuition in Plato and the Platonic tradition.Lloyd P. Gerson - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (4):579-596.
    In this paper, I examine what is for Plato and all those who follow in his footsteps the ne plus ultra of cognition, namely, intuition (nous or noēsis). This is the paradigm of cognition, meaning that all forms of human (and even animal) cognition are inferior manifestations of this. Intuition is mental seeing, analogous to physical seeing. Among embodied souls, it is seeing a unity of some sort manifested in some diversity or plurality. Thus, someone who sees that the Morning (...)
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  50. The New Cambridge Companion to Plotinus.Lloyd P. Gerson & James Wilberding (eds.) - 2022 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Plotinus stands at a crossroads in ancient philosophy, between the more than 600 years of philosophy that came before him and the new Platonic tradition. He was the first and perhaps the greatest systematizer of Plato's thought, and all later students of Plato in the following centuries approached Plato through him. This Companion from a new generation of ancient philosophy scholars reflects the current state of research on Plotinus, with chapters on topics including mathematics, fate and determinism, happiness, the theory (...)
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