Results for 'Martijn Waal'

406 found
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  1.  13
    Reference Values for Mental Health Assessment Instruments: Objectives and Methods of the Leiden Routine Outcome Monitoring Study.Yvonne W. M. Schulte-van Maaren, Ingrid V. E. Carlier, Erik J. Giltay, Martijn S. van Noorden, Margot W. M. de Waal, Nic J. A. van der Wee & Frans G. Zitman - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):342-350.
  2.  95
    II—Martijn Blaauw: Epistemic Value, Achievements, and Questions.Martijn Blaauw - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):43-57.
    A central intuition many epistemologists seem to have is that knowledge is distinctively valuable. In his paper 'Radical Scepticism, Epistemic Luck and Epistemic Value', Duncan Pritchard rejects the virtue-theoretic explanation of this intuition. This explanation says that knowledge is distinctively valuable because it is a cognitive achievement. It is maintained, in the first place, that the arguments Pritchard musters against the thesis that knowledge is a cognitive achievement are unconvincing. It is argued, in the second place, that even if the (...)
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  3.  38
    What Corporate Governance Can Learn From Catholic Social Teaching.Martijn Cremers - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4):711-724.
    This reflection focuses on what insights Catholic Social Teaching can provide for corporate governance. I argue that the ‘standard’ agency theory is overly reductionist and insufficiently incorporates important economic limitations as well as human frailty. As a result, such agency theory insufficiently distinguishes firms from markets, which can easily relativize how we treat others and facilitate rationalization of unethical behavior. I then explore how three pillars of CST—human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity—can help overcome these limitations. CST proposes a vision of (...)
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  4.  46
    Proclus on Nature: Philosophy of Nature and its Methods in Proclus’ Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus.Marije Martijn - 2010 - Brill.
    One of the hardest questions to answer for a (Neo)platonist is to what extent and how the changing and unreliable world of sense perception can itself be an object of scientific knowledge. My dissertation is a study of the answer given to that question by the Neoplatonist Proclus (Athens, 411-485) in his Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus. I present a new explanation of Proclus’ concept of nature and show that philosophy of nature consists of several related subdisciplines matching the ontological stratification (...)
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  5.  4
    Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals.Frans de Waal - 1996 - Harvard University Press.
    Waal shows how ethical behavior is as much a matter of evolution as any other trait.
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  6.  82
    Intuitionistic Quantum Logic of an N-Level System.Martijn Caspers, Chris Heunen, Nicolaas P. Landsman & Bas Spitters - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (7):731-759.
    A decade ago, Isham and Butterfield proposed a topos-theoretic approach to quantum mechanics, which meanwhile has been extended by Döring and Isham so as to provide a new mathematical foundation for all of physics. Last year, three of the present authors redeveloped and refined these ideas by combining the C*-algebraic approach to quantum theory with the so-called internal language of topos theory (Heunen et al. in arXiv:0709.4364). The goal of the present paper is to illustrate our abstract setup through the (...)
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  7. Alignment in Interactive Reference Production: Content Planning, Modifier Ordering, and Referential Overspecification.Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):269-289.
    Psycholinguistic studies often look at the production of referring expressions in interactive settings, but so far few referring expression generation algorithms have been developed that are sensitive to earlier references in an interaction. Rather, such algorithms tend to rely on domain-dependent preferences for both content selection and linguistic realization. We present three experiments showing that humans may opt for dispreferred attributes and dispreferred modifier orderings when these were primed in a preceding interaction (without speakers being consciously aware of this). In (...)
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  8.  69
    Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial.Frans B. M. De Waal - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
  9. Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases.Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.
    There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning views, applying in varying degrees across species. An adequate description of the ultimate and proximate mechanism can integrate these views. Proximately, the perception of an object's state activates the subject's corresponding representations, which in turn activate somatic and autonomic responses. This mechanism supports basic behaviors that are crucial for the reproductive success of animals living in groups. The Perception-Action Model, (...)
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  10.  18
    Degrading Phonetic Information Affects Matching of Audiovisual Speech in Adults, but Not in Infants.Martijn Baart, Jean Vroomen, Kathleen Shaw & Heather Bortfeld - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):31-43.
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  11. The History of Philosophy Conceived as a Struggle Between Nominalism and Realism.Cornelis De Waal - 2010 - Semiotica 2010 (179):295-313.
    In this article I trace some of the main tenets of the struggle between nominalism and realism as identified by John Deely in his Four ages of understanding. The aim is to assess Deely’s claim that the Age of Modernity was nominalist and that the coming age, the Age of Postmodernism — which he portrays as a renaissance of the late middle ages and as starting with Peirce — is realist. After a general overview of how Peirce interpreted the nominalist-realist (...)
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  12.  13
    Trajectories to Seeking Demedicalised Assistance in Suicide: A Qualitative in-Depth Interview Study.Martijn Hagens, Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & H. Roeline W. Pasman - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8):543-548.
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  13.  13
    Problems of Incommensurability.Martijn Boot - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (2):313-342.
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  14. Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved.Frans de Waal - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
  15.  17
    Differential Effects of Theta/Beta and SMR Neurofeedback in ADHD on Sleep Onset Latency.Martijn Arns, Ilse Feddema & J. Leon Kenemans - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  16.  8
    Choice by Value Encoding and Value Construction: Processes of Loss Aversion.Martijn C. Willemsen, Ulf Böckenholt & Eric J. Johnson - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (3):303-324.
  17. Reinforcing the Knowledge Account of Assertion.Martijn Blaauw - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):105-108.
    Many philosophers are building a solid case in favour of the knowledge account of assertion (KAA). According to KAA, if one asserts that P one represents oneself as knowing that P. KAA has recently received support from linguistic data about prompting challenges, parenthetical positioning and predictions. In this article, I add another argument to this rapidly growing list: an argument from what I will call ‘reinforcing parenthesis’.
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  18.  27
    Conflict in the Kitchen: Contextual Modulation of Responsiveness to Affordances.Martijn E. Wokke, Sarah L. Knot, Aisha Fouad & K. Richard Ridderinkhof - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:141-146.
  19.  47
    The Nature of Divine Revelation.Martijn Blaauw - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (1):2-12.
  20. The Sublime in the Pedestrian: Figures of the Incognito in Fear and Trembling.Martijn Boven - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (3):500-513.
    This article demonstrates a novel conceptualization of sublimity: the sublime in the pedestrian. This pedestrian mode of sublimity is exemplified by the Biblical Abraham, the central figure of Kierkegaard’s pseudonymous Fear and Trembling. It is rooted in the analysis of one of the foundational stories of the three monotheistic religions: Abraham’s averted sacrifice of his son Isaac. The defining feature of this new, pedestrian mode of sublimity is that is remains hidden behind what I call a total incognito. It is (...)
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  21.  31
    The Moral Aspects of Teacher Educators' Practices.Martijn Willemse, Mieke Lunenberg & Fred Korthagen - 2008 - Journal of Moral Education 37 (4):445-466.
    The growing political, social and scientific attention that is being devoted to the moral aspects of teaching has implications for teacher education. This paper reports on a study of the actual moral education practices of 54 teacher educators within one institution. We encouraged these teacher educators to make their values explicit and to explain how they put them into practice. Nine teacher educators were studied in detail. These teacher educators were then stimulated to reflect on their values by completing charts (...)
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  22.  22
    Editorial: Neurofeedback in ADHD.Martijn Arns, Hartmut Heinrich, Tomas Ros, Aribert Rothenberger & Ute Strehl - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  23.  27
    4 Contrastive Belief.Martijn Blaauw - 2013 - In Contrastivism in Philosophy: New Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 39--88.
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  24.  99
    Contra Contrastivism.Martijn Blaauw - 2008 - Philosophical Issues 18 (1):20-34.
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  25. Parity, Incomparability and Rationally Justified Choice.Martijn Boot - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (1):75 - 92.
    This article discusses the possibility of a rationally justified choice between two options neither of which is better than the other while they are not equally good either (‘3NT’). Joseph Raz regards such options as incomparable and argues that reason cannot guide the choice between them. Ruth Chang, by contrast, tries to show that many cases of putative incomparability are instead cases of parity—a fourth value relation of comparability, in addition to the three standard value relations ‘better than’, ‘worse than’ (...)
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  26.  23
    Bottom-Up Morality: The Basis of Human Morality in Our Primate Nature.Frans de Waal & Stephen A. Sherblom - 2018 - Journal of Moral Education 47 (2):248-258.
    This is an interview with Frans de Waal who gave the Kohlberg Memorial Lecture at the AME Conference in St. Louis in November 2017. Frans de Waal’s research with non-human primates documents that primates share our tendencies towards fairness, reciprocity, loyalty, self-sacrifice, caring for others, strategies for conflict avoidance and for conflict resolution and repairing the social fabric. Findings show that primates, especially our nearest relatives, Chimpanzee and Bonobo, intentionally shape their communal interactions, often to the benefit of (...)
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  27.  32
    Chronopathologies: Time and Politics in Deleuze, Derrida, Analytic Philosophy, and Phenomenology.Martijn Boven - 2013 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (2):297-301.
    In Chronopathologies, the Australian philosopher Jack Reynolds gives an exciting analysis of the intimate connection between time and politics in three trajectories of contemporary philosophy: analytic philosophy, poststructuralism and phenomenology. These trajectories are incompatible in the sense that internalizing the norms of any one of them 'makes taking the other(s) seriously very difficult' (p. 225). Given this incompatibility, Reynolds convincingly argues that the only way forward is to draw out the differences between these trajectories, in order to address the problems (...)
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  28.  38
    Evolutionary Ethics, Aggression, and Violence: Lessons From Primate Research.Frans B. M. Waal - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):18-23.
  29.  7
    The Epistemic Dimensions of Ignorance.Rik Peels & Martijn Blaauw (eds.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ignorance is a neglected issue in philosophy. This is surprising for, contrary to what one might expect, it is not clear what ignorance is. Some philosophers say or assume that it is a lack of knowledge, whereas others claim or presuppose that it is an absence of true belief. What is one ignorant of when one is ignorant? What kinds of ignorance are there? This neglect is also remarkable because ignorance plays a crucial role in all sorts of controversial societal (...)
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  30. The Epistemic Account of Privacy.Martijn Blaauw - 2013 - Episteme 10 (2):167-177.
    Privacy is valued by many. But what it means to have privacy remains less than clear. In this paper, I argue that the notion of privacy should be understood in epistemic terms. What it means to have (some degree of) privacy is that other persons do not stand in significant epistemic relations to those truths one wishes to keep private.
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  31. Having an Idea of Matter: A Peircean Refutation of Berkeleyan Immaterialism.Cornelis De Waal - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2):291-313.
  32. A Theater of Ideas: Performance and Performativity in Kierkegaard’s Repetition.Martijn Boven - 2018 - In Eric Jozef Ziolkowski (ed.), Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts. Evanston, IL, USA: pp. 115-130.
    In this essay, I argue that Søren Kierkegaard’s oeuvre can be seen as a theater of ideas. This argument is developed in three steps. First, I will briefly introduce a theoretical framework for addressing the theatrical dimension of Kierkegaard’s works. This framework is based on a distinction between“performative writing strategies” and “categories of performativity.” As a second step, I will focus on Repetition: A Venture in Experimenting Psychology, by Constantin Constantius, one of the best examples of Kierkegaard’s innovative way of (...)
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  33.  5
    Peirce: A Guide for the Perplexed.Cornelis de Waal - 2013 - Continuum.
    Charles Sanders Peirce, the founder of pragmatism, is a hugely important and influential thinker in the history of American philosophy. His philosophical interests were broad and he made significant contributions in several different areas of thought. Moreover, his contributions are intimately connected and his philosophy designed to form a coherent and systematic whole. Contents: 1: Life and Work; Chapter 2: Logic; Chapter 3: The Doctrine of the Categories; Chapter 4: Semiotics; Chapter 5: Philosophy of Science; Chapter 6: Pragmatism but Not (...)
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  34.  47
    ‘Any Animal Whatever'.Jessica C. Flack & Frans Bm de Waal - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    To what degree has biology influenced and shaped the development of moral systems? One way to determine the extent to which human moral systems might be the product of natural selection is to explore behaviour in other species that is analogous and perhaps homologous to our own. Many non-human primates, for example, have similar methods to humans for resolving, managing, and preventing conflicts of interests within their groups. Such methods, which include reciprocity and food sharing, reconciliation, consolation, conflict intervention, and (...)
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  35.  81
    The Effect of Scene Variation on the Redundant Use of Color in Definite Reference.Ruud Koolen, Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):395-411.
    This study investigates to what extent the amount of variation in a visual scene causes speakers to mention the attribute color in their definite target descriptions, focusing on scenes in which this attribute is not needed for identification of the target. The results of our three experiments show that speakers are more likely to redundantly include a color attribute when the scene variation is high as compared with when this variation is low (even if this leads to overspecified descriptions). We (...)
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  36. Contesting Pyrrhonian Contrastivism.Martijn Blaauw - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):471–477.
  37.  8
    The Right to Justification of Contract.Martijn W. Hesselink - 2020 - Ratio Juris 33 (2):196-222.
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  38. Primates and Philosophers. How Morality Evolved.Frans de Waal, Stephen Macedo, Josiah Ober, Robert Wright, Christine M. Korsgaard & Philip Kitcher - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (3):598-599.
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  39.  2
    On Peirce.Cornelis De Waal - 2001 - Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    This brief text assists students in understanding Peirce's philosophy and thinking so they can more fully engage in useful, intelligent class dialogue and improve their understanding of course content. Part of the Wadsworth Notes Series, (which will eventually consist of approximately 100 titles, each focusing on a single "thinker" from ancient times to the present), On Peirce is written by a philosopher deeply versed in the philosophy of this key thinker. Like other books in the series, this concise book offers (...)
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  40. Kierkegaard's Concepts: Psychological Experiment.Martijn Boven - 2015 - In Jon Stewart, Steven M. Emmanuel & William McDonald (eds.), Kierkegaard's Concepts. Tome V: Objectivity to Sacrifice. Ashgate. pp. 159-165.
    For Kierkegaard the ‘psychological experiment’ is a literary strategy. It enables him to dramatize an existential conflict in an experimental mode. Kierkegaard’s aim is to study the source of movement that animates the existing individual (this is the psychological part). However, he is not interested in the representation of historical individuals in actual situations, but in the construction of fictional characters that are placed in hypothetical situations; this allows him to set the categories in motion “in order to observe completely (...)
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  41.  3
    II—E Pistemic V Alue, A Chievements, and Q Uestions.Martijn Blaauw - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):43-57.
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  42.  16
    Illustrations of the Logic of Science.Charles Sanders Peirce & Cornelis de Waal (eds.) - 2014 - Chicago, Illinois: Open Court.
    Charles Peirce’s Illustrations of the Logic of Science is an early work in the philosophy of science and the official birthplace of pragmatism. It contains Peirce’s two most influential papers: “The Fixation of Belief” and “How to Make Our Ideas Clear,” as well as discussions on the theory of probability, the ground of induction, the relation between science and religion, and the logic of abduction. Unsatisfied with the result and driven by a constant, almost feverish urge to improve his work, (...)
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  43.  9
    Worship Me! A Reply to Brown and Nagasawa.Martijn Blaauw - 2007 - Ratio 20 (2):236-240.
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  44. Towards a Bottom-Up Perspective on Animal and Human Cognition.Frans B. M. de Waal & Pier Francesco Ferrari - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (5):201-207.
  45. Contrastivism in Epistemology.Martijn Blaauw - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (3):227 – 234.
    In this introduction to the special issue of Social Epistemology on epistemological contrastivism, I make some remarks on the history of contrastivism, describe three main versions of contrastivism, and offer a guide through the papers that compose this issue.
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  46.  49
    (M.) Martijn Proclus on Nature. Philosophy of Nature and its Methods in Proclus' Commentary on Plato's Timaeus. Leiden: Brill, 2010. Pp. X + 360. £105. 978900-4181915. [REVIEW]D. Gregory MacIsaac - 2012 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 132:285-286.
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  47.  5
    De tijd van gewortelde vreemdelingen. Een filosofische analyse van tijd en worteling als grond voor verblijfsaanspraken van vreemdelingen.Martijn Stronks - 2019 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 48 (Pre-publications).
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  48.  3
    Experiences with Counselling to People Who Wish to Be Able to Self-Determine the Timing and Manner of One’s Own End of Life: A Qualitative in-Depth Interview Study.Martijn Hagens, Marianne C. Snijdewind, Kirsten Evenblij, Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & H. Roeline W. Pasman - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (1):39-46.
    BackgroundIn the Netherlands, Foundation De Einder offers counselling to people who wish to be able to self-determine the timing and manner of their end of life.AimThis study explores the experiences with counselling that counselees receive from counsellors facilitated by Foundation De Einder.MethodsOpen coding and inductive analysis of in-depth interviews with 17 counselees.ResultsCounselling ranged from solely receiving information about lethal medication to combining this with psychological counselling about matters of life and death, and the effects for close ones. Counselees appreciated the (...)
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  49. Evolution of Specialization and Ecological Character Displacement: Metabolic Plasticity Matters.Martijn Egas - 2005 - In Thomas Reydon & Lia Hemerik (eds.), Current Themes in Theoretical Biology. Springer. pp. 281--304.
  50.  45
    Network Hubs in the Human Brain.Martijn P. van den Heuvel & Olaf Sporns - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (12):683-696.
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