Results for 'Johannes Kern'

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  1.  20
    Circulant games.Ɖura-Georg Granić & Johannes Kern - 2016 - Theory and Decision 80 (1):43-69.
    We study a class of two-player normal-form games with cyclical payoff structures. A game is called circulant if both players’ payoff matrices fulfill a rotational symmetry condition. The class of circulant games contains well-known examples such as Matching Pennies, Rock-Paper-Scissors, as well as subclasses of coordination and common interest games. The best response correspondences in circulant games induce a partition on each player’s set of pure strategies into equivalence classes. In any Nash Equilibrium, all strategies within one class are either (...)
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  2. Kleine Schriften.Ferdinand Duemmler, F. J. Studnicka, Karl Joël, Otto Kern & Johannes Boehlau - 1901 - S. Hirzel.
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  3.  2
    Mensch und Welt im Zeichen der Digitalisierung: Perspektiven der Philosophischen Anthropologie Plessners.Johannes F. Burow (ed.) - 2019 - Baden-Baden: Nomos.
    Digitalisierung wird im vorliegenden Band aus der Theorieperspektive der Philosophischen Anthropologie Plessners betrachtet. Damit geht es im Kern darum, ob und inwieweit sich das Verhältnis von Mensch und Welt im Zeichen von Digitalisierung verändert. Die Verwendung unterschiedlicher Theoriefiguren, Thesen und Themenstellungen aus Plessners Werk erlaubt, die Vielfalt dessen, was mit Digitalisierung verbunden wird, zu systematisieren. Indem mit Plessner der Mensch verstanden wird als exzentrisch positionales Selbst, das Kognitives und Materiales verbindet, steht im Mittelpunkt, wie sich der Mensch eine Welt (...)
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  4. Die Semiotik der Gesellschaft: Skizze einer semiotisch-pragmatischen Theorie der Gesellschaft.Johannes Ehrat - 2007 - Gregorianum 88 (3):619-642.
    Gesellschaft ist ein schwieriger, weil prinzipiell nie konkret faßbarer Gegenstand der Erkenntnis. Zu diesem Problem gibt es u.a. transzendentale, phänomenologische, systemtheoretische Ansätze. Die Gegenstandsverfassung hat weitreichende forschungspraktische Konsequenzen, auch hinsichtlich sozialwissenschaftlicher Wissenschaftlichkeit. Pragmatismus und Semiotik fand, trotz Apels Peirce- und Joas’ Meadrezeption, noch nicht genügend Beachtung. Gesellschaft wird nicht als Objekt, sondern als erkenntnisdeterminierendes Ziel eines kognitiven Verhaltens eingeführt. Sie wird so kontextualisiert in einer Wahrheitstheorie, die sowohl objektive Fakten wie kognitive Allgemeinheit in sich vereint, und zwar konkret in jeder (...)
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  5.  46
    The Worlds of Positivism: A Global Intellectual History, 1770–1930.Johannes Feichtinger, Franz L. Fillafer & Jan Surman (eds.) - 2018 - Palgrave.
    This book is the first to trace the origins and significance of positivism on a global scale. Taking their cues from Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill, positivists pioneered a universal, experience-based culture of scientific inquiry for studying nature and society—a new science that would enlighten all of humankind. Positivists envisaged one world united by science, but their efforts spawned many. Uncovering these worlds of positivism, the volume ranges from India, the Ottoman Empire, and the Iberian Peninsula to Central Europe, (...)
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  6.  34
    Ethics of Technology Needs More Political Philosophy.Johannes Himmelreich - 2020 - Communications of the Acm 63 (1):33-35.
    The ongoing debate on the ethics of self-driving cars typically focuses on two approaches to answering such questions: moral philosophy and social science. I argue that these two approaches are both lacking. We should neither deduce answers from individual moral theories nor should we expect social science to give us complete answers. To supplement these approaches, we should turn to political philosophy. The issues we face are collective decisions that we make together rather than individual decisions we make in light (...)
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  7.  29
    Brain states matter. A reply to the unfolding argument.Johannes Kleiner - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:102981.
  8.  17
    Mapping the invisible: knowledge, credibility and visions of earth in early modern cave maps.Johannes Mattes - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Science 55 (1):53-80.
    This paper examines cave environments as unique spaces of knowledge production and shows how visualizations of natural cavities in maps came to be powerful tools in scientific reasoning. Faced with the challenge of limited vision, mapmakers combined empiricism and imagination in an experimental setting and developed specific translation strategies to deal with the uncertain origin of underground objects and the shifting boundaries between the known and the unknown. By deconstructing this type of cartographic representation, which has barely been studied, this (...)
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  9. Perception, introspection and attention.Johannes Roessler - 1999 - European Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):47-64.
  10.  11
    Increase in short-term memory capacity induced by down-regulating individual theta frequency via transcranial alternating current stimulation.Johannes Vosskuhl, René J. Huster & Christoph S. Herrmann - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11.  23
    Boon and Bane: On the Role of Adjustable Parameters in Simulation Models.Johannes Lenhard & Hans Hasse - 2017 - In Martin Carrier & Johannes Lenhard (eds.), Mathematics as a Tool: Tracing New Roles of Mathematics in the Sciences. Springer Verlag.
    We claim that adjustable parameters play a crucial role in building and applying simulation models. We analyze that role and illustrate our findings using examples from equations of state in thermodynamics. In building simulation models, two types of experiments, namely, simulation and classical experiments, interact in a feedback loop, in which model parameters are adjusted. A critical discussion of how adjustable parameters function shows that they are boon and bane of simulation. They help to enlarge the scope of simulation far (...)
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  12.  10
    The Fourth Perspective: Evolution and Organismal Agency.Johannes Jaeger - 2023 - In Matteo Mossio (ed.), Organization in Biology. Springer. pp. 159-186.
    This chapter examines the deep connections between biological organization, agency, and evolution by natural selection. Using Griesemer’s account of the reproducer, I argue that the basic unit of evolution is not a genetic replicator, but a complex hierarchical life cycle. Understanding the self-maintaining and self-proliferating properties of evolvable reproducers requires an organizational account of ontogenesis and reproduction. This leads us to an extended and disambiguated set of minimal conditions for evolution by natural selection—including revised or new principles of heredity, variation, (...)
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  13.  31
    Mindfulness and Leadership: Communication as a Behavioral Correlate of Leader Mindfulness and Its Effect on Follower Satisfaction.Johannes F. W. Arendt, Armin Pircher Verdorfer & Katharina G. Kugler - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    In recent years, the construct of mindfulness has gained growing attention in psychological research. However, little is known about the effects of mindfulness on interpersonal interactions and social relationships at work. Addressing this gap, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of mindfulness in leader-follower-relationships. Building on prior research, we hypothesize that leaders’ mindfulness is reflected in a specific communication style (“mindfulness in communication”), which is positively related to followers’ satisfaction with their leaders. We used nested survey (...)
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  14.  38
    Obesity, paternalism and fairness.Johannes Kniess - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):889-892.
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  15.  25
    Non-invasive Brain Stimulation: A Paradigm Shift in Understanding Brain Oscillations.Johannes Vosskuhl, Daniel Strüber & Christoph S. Herrmann - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  16.  8
    Theological education, spiritual formation and leadership development in Africa: What does God have to do with it?.Johannes J. Knoetze - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1–6.
    Theological education, spiritual formation and leadership are all contested issues in the Church, especially within the African context. Although these topics are thoroughly discussed, the relation and the interdependence are not always clear. This article discusses these topics in relation to each other and in relation to the One who calls servant leaders to guide his church for her service in the world. The importance of the local church as missional church is emphasised in the article. Thus, what the faith (...)
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  17.  50
    Social evolution and strategic thinking.Johannes Martens - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.
    Thinking about organisms as if they were rational agents which could choose their own phenotypic traits according to their fitness values is a common heuristic in the field of evolutionary theory. In a 1998 paper, however, Elliott Sober has emphasized several alleged shortcomings of this kind of analogical reasoning when applied to the analysis of social behaviors. According to him, the main flaw of this heuristic is that it proves to be a misleading tool when it is used for predicting (...)
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  18.  34
    Inclusive Fitness as a Measure of Biological Utility.Johannes Martens - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (1):1-22.
    This article is about the analogy between inclusive fitness and utility. In behavioral ecology, it is often assumed that individual organisms behave as if they were “striving” to maximize their inclusive fitness—a measure analogue to the kind of utility function that is used to represent the preferences of rational agents. Here, I explore some conceptual puzzles related to this view and question whether the kind of biological utility posited by the advocates of the “maximizing agent analogy” can be adequately interpreted (...)
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  19.  4
    Todestrieb und »Todesgedanke«.Johannes Picht - 2020 - Psyche 74 (11):868-894.
    Vorgestellt wird der Versuch, »Jenseits des Lustprinzips« als Dokument einer Diskontinuität zu lesen. Als Vorarbeit hierzu entfaltet der Autor verschiedene Dimensionen, in und zwischen denen sich der Text bewegt, und arbeitet in ihnen aufkommende Disparitäten sowie Fragen heraus, die der Text stellt, indem er sie verhüllt. Leithypothese der Interpretation ist, dass der Text als ganzer Ausdruck, aber auch beginnende Auslegung und Entstellung eines undenkbaren »Gedankens« (des »Todesgedankens«) ist, auf den er zuläuft und vor dem er ausweicht, und dass das Todestriebkonzept (...)
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  20.  4
    Meaning and function of Aristotle’s two definitions of nature ( Physics Β, 192b8-193a9), Physics Β, and his biology.Johannes Fritsche - 2018 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 2:215-287.
    Presque tous les interprètes considèrent qu’il va de soi qu’en Physique Β, 1, 192b8-193a9, Aristote présente ce qui constitue le cœur de sa propre théorie de la nature et des choses naturelles, par opposition à d’autres théories dont il avait connaissance. La question de savoir si, avec ses deux définitions, il renvoie à un principe actif, à un principe passif ou à quelque chose d’autre, a par ailleurs fait l’objet de discussions. Dans cet article, je cherche à montrer qu’en 192b8-193a9, (...)
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  21. The Varieties of Mathematical Explanation.Hafner Johannes & Paolo Mancosu - 2005 - In Paolo Mancosu, Klaus Frovin Jørgensen & S. A. Pedersen (eds.), Visualization, Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics. Springer. pp. 215-250.
     
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  22. .Johannes Haubold, John Steele & Kathryn Stevens - unknown
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  23.  72
    Vulnerability and Autonomy – Children and Adults.Johannes Giesinger - 2019 - Ethics and Social Welfare 13 (3):216-229.
  24.  71
    Ethical Considerations in Agro-biodiversity Research, Collecting, and Use.Johannes M. M. Engels, Hannes Dempewolf & Victoria Henson-Apollonio - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):107-126.
    Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of millions of predominantly poor people. At the same time, agricultural biodiversity is under serious threat in many parts of the world despite extensive conservation efforts. Ethical considerations regarding the collecting, research, and use of agricultural biodiversity are (...)
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  25.  7
    Reformed theology in dialogue with a spirituality of creation within the context of religious pluralism in Africa.Johannes J. Knoetze - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    A transforming spirituality is needed to attend to the ‘third-millennial needs’ of Africa to address issues such as relationships, globalisation, ecology and social issues. It is argued that reformed theology, African spiritualities and a spirituality of creation need to be enriched by each other to bring about transformation in Africa. To discover a transforming spirituality of creation, participants need to listen to the different spiritualities and beliefs, without attempting to create a meta-narrative. Participants need to acknowledge the differences and even (...)
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  26.  10
    Harnessing local knowledge for scientific knowledge production : challenges and pitfalls within evidence-based sustainability studies.Johannes Persson, Emma Johansson & Lennart Olsson - 2018 - Ecology and Society 23 (4).
    The calls for evidence-based public policy making have increased dramatically in the last decades, and so has the interest in evidence-based sustainability studies. But questions remain about what “evidence” actually means in different contexts and if the concept travels well between different domains of application. Some of the most relevant questions asked by sustainability studies are not, and in some cases cannot be, directly answered by relying on research evidence of the kinds favored by the evidence-based movement. Therefore, sustainability studies (...)
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  27.  21
    Teaching at the margin - Didaktik in the sphere of attention.Johannes Rytzler - 2021 - Ethics and Education 16 (1):108-121.
    What is the significance of attentiveness in teaching? A spontaneous answer would be that attentiveness is a crucial aspect in the practice of teaching, because if the students do not pay attention...
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  28. Holism and Entrenchment in Climate Model Validation.Johannes Lenhard & Eric Winsberg - 2011 - In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. pp. 115--130.
  29.  66
    Respect in Education.Johannes Giesinger - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (1):100-112.
    This article discusses the educational significance of the moral demand for respect. In Ethics and Education, Richard Peters presents a conception of educational respect that was recently taken up by Krassimir Stojanov. This article responds to both Peters' and Stojanov's contributions and proposes another understanding of educational respect: to respect children is to treat them in a way that enables them to see themselves as persons endowed with dignity; that is, as having the equal standing to make claims on others.
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  30.  29
    Education, epistemic virtues, and the power of toleration.Johannes Drerup - 2021 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (1):108-131.
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  31.  25
    Experience and conceptual activity.Johannes Martinus Burgers - 1965 - Cambridge, Mass.,: M.I.T. Press.
    This important philosophical statement by an eminent scientist is written with such clarity and directness, and derives from so broad a humanistic perspective, that the thoughtful reader will find it as rewarding as it is instructive. The author's purpose in this undertaking is to: "...outline a system of thought in which notions or values can find a place along with the ideas of causal relationships that are applied in the physical sciences. The essential doctrine of this system, which is taken (...)
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  32.  66
    Sāmkhya in the abhidharmakośa bhāsya.Johannes Bronkhorst - 1997 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 25 (4):393-400.
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  33.  6
    Effects of Mortality Salience on Physiological Arousal.Johannes Klackl & Eva Jonas - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Making the inevitability of mortality salient makes people more defensive about their self-esteem and worldviews. Theoretical arguments and empirical evidence point to a mediating role of arousal in this defensive process, but evidence from physiological measurement studies is scarce and inconclusive. The present study seeks to draw a comprehensive picture of how physiological arousal develops over time in the mortality salience paradigm, and whether contemplating one’s mortality actually elicits more physiological arousal than reflecting on a death-unrelated aversive control topic. In (...)
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  34. Existence, really? Tacit disagreements about “existence” in disputes about group minds and corporate agents.Johannes Himmelreich - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4939-4953.
    A central dispute in social ontology concerns the existence of group minds and actions. I argue that some authors in this dispute rely on rival views of existence without sufficiently acknowledging this divergence. I proceed in three steps in arguing for this claim. First, I define the phenomenon as an implicit higher-order disagreement by drawing on an analysis of verbal disputes. Second, I distinguish two theories of existence—the theory-commitments view and the truthmaker view—in both their eliminativist and their constructivist variants. (...)
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  35.  21
    What It Takes to Be a Pioneer: Ability Expectations From Brain-Computer Interface Users.Johannes Kögel & Gregor Wolbring - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (3):227-239.
    Brain-computer interfaces are envisioned to enable new abilities of action. This potential can be fruitful in particular when it comes to restoring lost motion or communication abilities or to implementing new possibilities of action. However, BCIs do not come without presuppositions. Applying the concept of ability expectations to BCIs, a wide range of requirements on the side of the users becomes apparent. We examined these ability expectations by taking the example of therapeutic BCI users who got enrolled into BCI research (...)
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  36.  17
    Theology disrupted by the challenge of refugee children.Johannes Kritzinger & Martin Mande - 2016 - HTS Theological Studies 72 (1).
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  37.  29
    On the dynamic nature of positional information.Johannes Jaeger & John Reinitz - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (11):1102-1111.
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  38.  29
    Epistemic Smothering is Not a Form of Epistemic Paternalism.Johannes Stoffers - forthcoming - Social Epistemology.
    This paper argues that epistemic smothering is not a form of epistemic paternalism. In this sense, it refutes the claim recently made by Valerie Chock and Jonathan Matheson, who defend epistemic smothering as epistemically permissible form of epistemic paternalism. After an outline of what is meant by epistemic paternalism and epistemic smothering, based on the work by Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij and Kristie Dotson on these topics, the paper argues against the identification of epistemic smothering as a form of epistemic paternalism. In (...)
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  39.  10
    Humanism versus theism.Johannes Abraham Christoffel Fagginger Auer - 1951 - Ames: Iowa State University Press. Edited by Julian Norris Hartt.
  40. Denken. Reden. Handeln. / Thinking. Talking. Acting. Nachträge zu einem Salzburger Symposium mit Georg Meggle.Johannes L. Brandl, Daniel Messelken & Sava Wedman (eds.) - 2021 - Open Access Publikationsserver der Universität Salzburg (ePLUS).
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  41.  26
    Terms of aesthetic approval in English, French, and German.Johannes A. Gaertner - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (3):341-344.
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  42.  37
    Experience.Johannes Rehmke - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (6):608-625.
  43.  53
    Action, emotion, and the development of self-awareness.Johannes Roessler - 2002 - European Review of Philosophy 5:33-52.
  44.  20
    The name picatrix: Transcription or translation?Johannes Thomann - 1990 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 53 (1):289-296.
  45.  2
    Rezension: Brüll et al., Inge, Religion mit und ohne Gott. Psychoanalytische Erkundungen zu Spiritualität, Macht und Transzendenz.Johannes Twardella - 2024 - Psyche 78 (7):658-662.
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  46.  9
    Aristotelian and Mathematical Logic.Johannes Bendiek - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (2):149-149.
  47. Das komische.Johannes Ziegler - 1900 - Leipzig,: E. Avenarius.
     
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  48.  3
    Intuition, Konstruktion und die Frage nach der Wahrheit in der Psychoanalyse.Johannes Picht - 2024 - Psyche 78 (4):289-318.
    Anhand des Begriffspaars »Intuition« und »Konstruktion« wird diskutiert, mit welchen Begriffen von Wahrheit die Psychoanalyse operiert, und es wird dargelegt, dass der Psychoanalyse ein eigener Platz in der Geschichte der Wahrheit (d.h. dessen, was uns als Wahrheit gilt) zukommt. Den Raum für diese Erörterung des Wahrheitsbegriffs eröffnet die Spiegelung in einigen Äußerungen von Friedrich Nietzsche, der als einer der ersten Philosophen den Zusammenhang von Wahrheit und Repräsentation erkannt und kritisiert habe. Dies führt zu der These, dass in Freuds Rede vom (...)
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  49.  89
    The (misconceived) distinction between internal and external validity.Johannes Persson & Annika Wallin - unknown
    Researchers often aim to make correct inferences both about that which is actually studied and about what the results generalize to. The language of internal and external validity is not used by everyone, but many of us would agree that intuitively the distinction makes a lot of sense. Two claims are commonly made with respect to internal and external validity. The first is that internal validity is prior to external validity since there is nothing to generalize if the findings obtained (...)
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  50.  15
    Constraining calibrations properly: reply to Hedges, Kumar and van Tuinen.Johannes Müller & Robert R. Reisz - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (7):772-773.
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