37 found
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  1. Neurophilosophy of Free Will: From Libertarian Illusions to a Concept of Natural Autonomy.Henrik Walter - 2001 - MIT Press.
    Walter applies the methodology of neurophilosophy to one of philosophy's centralchallenges, the notion of free will. Neurophilosophical conclusions are based on, and consistentwith, scientific knowledge about the brain and its functioning.
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  2.  86
    Social Cognitive Neuroscience of Empathy: Concepts, Circuits, and Genes.Henrik Walter - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):9-17.
    This article reviews concepts of, as well as neurocognitive and genetic studies on, empathy. Whereas cognitive empathy can be equated with affective theory of mind, that is, with mentalizing the emotions of others, affective empathy is about sharing emotions with others. The neural circuits underlying different forms of empathy do overlap but also involve rather specific brain areas for cognitive (ventromedial prefrontal cortex) and affective (anterior insula, midcingulate cortex, and possibly inferior frontal gyrus) empathy. Furthermore, behavioral and imaging genetic studies (...)
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  3.  61
    Threats to Neurosurgical Patients Posed by the Personal Identity Debate.Sabine Müller, Merlin Bittlinger & Henrik Walter - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (2):299-310.
    Decisions about brain surgery pose existential challenges because they are often decisions about life or death, and sometimes about possible personality changes. Therefore they require rigorous neuroethical consideration. However, we doubt whether metaphysical interpretations of ambiguous statements of patients are useful for deriving ethical and legal conclusions. Particularly, we question the application of psychological theories of personal identity on neuroethical issues for several reasons. First, even the putative “standard view” on personal identity is contentious. Second, diverse accounts of personal identity (...)
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  4. Reviewing Autonomy: Implications of the Neurosciences and the Free Will Debate for the Principle of Respect for the Patient's Autonomy.Sabine Müller & Henrik Walter - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):205.
    Beauchamp and Childress have performed a great service by strengthening the principle of respect for the patient's autonomy against the paternalism that dominated medicine until at least the 1970s. Nevertheless, we think that the concept of autonomy should be elaborated further. We suggest such an elaboration built on recent developments within the neurosciences and the free will debate. The reason for this suggestion is at least twofold: First, Beauchamp and Childress neglect some important elements of autonomy. Second, neuroscience itself needs (...)
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  5.  67
    Ethical Challenges of Simulation-Driven Big Neuroscience.Markus Christen, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Berit Bringedal, Kevin Grimes, Julian Savulescu & Henrik Walter - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):5-17.
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  6.  26
    An Ethical Evaluation of Stereotactic Neurosurgery for Anorexia Nervosa.Sabine Müller, Rita Riedmüller, Henrik Walter & Markus Christen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):50-65.
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  7. Neurophilosophy of free will.Henrik Walter - 2001 - In Robert Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  8.  23
    Positive Cognitive Reappraisal in Stress Resilience, Mental Health, and Well-Being: A Comprehensive Systematic Review.Antje Riepenhausen, Carolin Wackerhagen, Zala C. Reppmann, Hans-Christian Deter, Raffael Kalisch, Ilya M. Veer & Henrik Walter - 2022 - Emotion Review 14 (4):310-331.
    Stress-related psychopathology is on the rise, and there is a pressing need for improved prevention strategies. Positive appraisal style, the tendency to appraise potentially threatening situations in a positive way, has been proposed to act as a key resilience mechanism and therefore offers a potential target for preventive approaches. In this article, we review n = 99 studies investigating associations of positive cognitive reappraisal, an important sub-facet of positive appraisal style, with outcome-based resilience and relevant other outcomes, which are considered (...)
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  9.  38
    Dealing With Side Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation: Lessons Learned From Stimulating the STN.Markus Christen, Merlin Bittlinger, Henrik Walter, Peter Brugger & Sabine Müller - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (1):37-43.
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  10.  40
    The Neurobiology and Psychology of Pedophilia: Recent Advances and Challenges.Gilian Tenbergen, Matthias Wittfoth, Helge Frieling, Jorge Ponseti, Martin Walter, Henrik Walter, Klaus M. Beier, Boris Schiffer & Tillmann H. C. Kruger - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11.  62
    Decomposing Self-Control: Individual Differences in Goal Pursuit Despite Interfering Aversion, Temptation, and Distraction.Rosa Steimke, Christine Stelzel, Robert Gaschler, Marcus Rothkirch, Vera U. Ludwig, Lena M. Paschke, Ima Trempler, Norbert Kathmann, Thomas Goschke & Henrik Walter - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  12.  26
    Neither Speculative nor Narrow-Minded Ethics is Needed for Optogenetics-Based DBS in Psychiatry and Neurology.Sabine Müller & Henrik Walter - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (3):12-14.
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  13.  37
    The Role of Empathy in Alcohol Use of Bullying Perpetrators and Victims: Lower Personal Empathic Distress Makes Male Perpetrators of Bullying More Vulnerable to Alcohol Use.Maren Prignitz, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L. W. Bokde, Sylvane Desrivières, Antoine Grigis, Hugh Garavan, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Jean-Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot, Eric Artiges, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H. Fröhner, Lauren Robinson, Michael N. Smolka, Henrik Walter, Jeanne M. Winterer, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Frauke Nees, Herta Flor & on Behalf of the Imagen Consortium - 2023 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20 (13):6286.
    Bullying often results in negative coping in victims, including an increased consumption of alcohol. Recently, however, an increase in alcohol use has also been reported among perpetrators of bullying. The factors triggering this pattern are still unclear. We investigated the role of empathy in the interaction between bullying and alcohol use in an adolescent sample (IMAGEN) at age 13.97 (±0.53) years (baseline (BL), N = 2165, 50.9% female) and age 16.51 (±0.61) years (follow-up 1 (FU1), N = 1185, 54.9% female). (...)
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  14.  12
    A task-independent neural representation of subjective certainty in visual perception.Johannes Heereman, Henrik Walter & Hauke R. Heekeren - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  15.  19
    The temporal dynamics of resilience: Neural recovery as a biomarker.Henrik Walter, Susanne Erk & Ilya M. Veer - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  16.  15
    Self-control is linked to interoceptive inference: Craving regulation and the prediction of aversive interoceptive states induced with inspiratory breathing load.Johann D. Kruschwitz, Anne Kausch, Anastasia Brovkin, Anita Keshmirian, Martin P. Paulus, Thomas Goschke & Henrik Walter - 2019 - Cognition 193:104028.
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  17.  24
    DBS Combined With Optogenetics—Fine-Tuning the Mind?Sabine Müller, Markus Christen & Henrik Walter - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (1):35-37.
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  18.  36
    Neurophilosophy of Moral Responsibility.Henrik Walter - 2004 - Philosophical Topics 32 (1-2):477-503.
  19.  5
    Neurophilosophie der Willensfreiheit: von libertarischen Illusionen zum Konzept natürlicher Autonomie.Henrik Walter - 1999
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  20.  16
    Models and mechanisms in philosophy of psychiatry: Editorial introduction.Lena Kästner & Henrik Walter - 2023 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 4.
    The background for this special issue is the multidisciplinary workshop "Minds, Models and Mechanisms: Current Trends in Philosophy of Psychiatry" which was held at Saarland University in April 2021. Though we had to switch to an online format due to the pandemic, the discussions at the event have been extremely inspiring. It brought together experts from diverse disciplines, like clinical psychiatry, neuroscience, computational modelling, philosophy of mind and cognition, and philosophy of science. Joining forces, researchers from these disciplines presented their (...)
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  21. Author reply: Empathy and the Brain: How We Can Make Progress.Henrik Walter - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):22-23.
    Neuroscientific research on empathy has made much progress recently. How far can we get and how should we do it? Two different routes have been suggested by Dziobek and Jacobs in their commentaries. The first is becoming ecologically more valid by using real-life settings as stimuli. The second is becoming more quantitative by specifying a neurocognitive model, allowing more precise quantitative predictions. Although neither approaches are mutually exclusive, I suggest that these two routes are in a certain tension to each (...)
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  22.  37
    The interaction of child abuse and rs1360780 of the FKBP5 gene is associated with amygdala resting-state functional connectivity in young adults.Christiane Wesarg, Ilya M. Veer, Nicole Y. L. Oei, Laura S. Daedelow, Tristram A. Lett, Tobias Banaschewski, Gareth J. Barker, Arun L. W. Bokde, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Antoine Grigis, Hugh Garavan, Rüdiger Brühl, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H. Fröhner, Michael N. Smolka, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Andreas Heinz & Henrik Walter - 2021 - Human Brain Mapping 42 (10):3269-3281.
    Extensive research has demonstrated that rs1360780, a common single nucleotide polymorphism within the FKBP5 gene, interacts with early-life stress in predicting psychopathology. Previous results suggest that carriers of the TT genotype of rs1360780 who were exposed to child abuse show differences in structure and functional activation of emotion-processing brain areas belonging to the salience network. Extending these findings on intermediate phenotypes of psychopathology, we examined if the interaction between rs1360780 and child abuse predicts resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) between the amygdala (...)
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  23.  25
    Attachment Narratives in Depression A Neurocognitive Approach.Anna Buchheim, Roberto Viviani & Henrik Walter - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):7-8.
    Attachment is the way we relate to others. The way we attach to others is developed early in childhood, can be impaired by early traumatic life events, and is disturbed in many psychiatric disorders. Here we give a short overview about attachment patterns in psychiatric disorders with a focus on depression, and discuss two recent empirical studies of our own that have investigated attachment related brain activation using fMRI. In the first study with patients with borderline personality disorder we used (...)
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  24.  19
    The neural correlates of movement intentions: A pilot study comparing hypnotic and simulated paralysis.Vera U. Ludwig, Jochen Seitz, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Annett Höse, Birgit Abler, Günter Hole, Rainer Goebel & Henrik Walter - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:158-170.
  25.  7
    Erratum to: Threats to Neurosurgical Patients Posed by the Personal Identity Debate.Sabine Müller, Merlin Bittlinger & Henrik Walter - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (2):311-311.
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  26.  22
    Neuroimaging Can Be Useful in the Hand of Neutral Experts Ordered by the Court.Sabine Müller & Henrik Walter - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (2):52-54.
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  27.  18
    Wherein Does Society's Sin Against Psychopaths Consist?Sabine Müller & Henrik Walter - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (2):27-29.
    Before we can answer what society owes the psychopaths, we have to know wherein society's putative sin against psychopaths might consist. Is the society really responsible for the development of so...
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  28.  34
    Decoding Pedophilia: Increased Anterior Insula Response to Infant Animal Pictures.Jorge Ponseti, Daniel Bruhn, Julia Nolting, Hannah Gerwinn, Alexander Pohl, Aglaja Stirn, Oliver Granert, Helmut Laufs, Günther Deuschl, Stephan Wolff, Olav Jansen, Hartwig Siebner, Peer Briken, Sebastian Mohnke, Till Amelung, Jonas Kneer, Boris Schiffer, Henrik Walter & Tillmann H. C. Kruger - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  29. Affektive Intentionalität: Beiträge zur welterschließenden Funktion der menschlichen Gefühle.Achim Stephan, Jan Slaby, Henrik Walter & Sven Walter (eds.) - 2011 - Paderborn, Deutschland:
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  30.  14
    Contribution of the Lateral Prefrontal Cortex to Cognitive-Postural Multitasking.Christine Stelzel, Hannah Bohle, Gesche Schauenburg, Henrik Walter, Urs Granacher, Michael A. Rapp & Stephan Heinzel - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  31. Authentische Entscheidungen und emotive Neurowissenschaft.Henrik Walter - 1997 - Philosophia Naturalis 34 (1):147-174.
     
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  32.  17
    Die Freiheit des Deterministen. Chaos und Neurophilosophie.Henrik Walter - 1996 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 50 (3):364 - 385.
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  33.  35
    Description Is Not Enough: The Real Challenge of Enactivism for Psychiatry.Henrik Walter - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):85-87.
    In his article, "Delusion, Reality, and Inter-subjectivity," Thomas Fuchs gives an "enactivist" account of how primary delusions in early schizophrenia evolve. First, subjects experience the "loss of familiar, commonsensical meanings"—known as delusional mood. Consecutively they experience new "revelatory significances," in perception as well as in social interaction, with all experiences becoming radically "subjectivized." Out of these "uncanny, spurious and made" experiences delusions develop. Suddenly the formerly uncanny experiences make sense. This new subjective reality, however, is "rigid." Subjects are no longer (...)
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  34.  20
    Das Imperium schlägt zurück. Zur Kritik von Sven Walters vehementer Neurokritik.Henrik Walter - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 71 (3):413-417.
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  35.  4
    Neurophilosophical Perspectives on Conservative Compatibilism.Henrik Walter - 2003 - In Thomas Schramme & Johannes Thome (eds.), Philosophy and Psychiatry. De Gruyter. pp. 283-294.
  36.  29
    The cognitive neuroscience of agency in schizophrenia.Henrik Walter & Manfred Spitzer - 2003 - In Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 436.
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  37.  14
    Wissenschaftstheorie im Einsatz. Beiträge zu einer selbstkritischen Wissenschaftsphilosophie. [REVIEW]Henrik Walter - 1995 - ProtoSociology 7:246-249.
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