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History/traditions: Philosophy of Race

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  1. Videos, Police Violence, and Scrutiny of the Black Body.Sherri Irvin - 2022 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 89 (4):997-1023.
    The ability of videos to serve as evidence of racial injustice is complex and contested. This essay argues that scrutiny of the Black body has come to play a key role in how videos of police violence are mined for evidence, following a long history of racialized surveillance and attributions of threat and superhuman powers to Black bodies. Using videos to combat injustice requires incorporating humanizing narratives and cultivating resistant modes of looking.
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  2. Racial Fraud and the American Binary.Kevin Harrelson - 2022 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 6 (3):44-61.
    In response to recent controversies about racial transitioning, I provide an argument that deceptions about ancestry may sometimes constitute fraud. In order to arrive at this conclusion, I criticize the arguments from analogy made famous by Rebecca Tuvel and Christine Overall. My claim is that we should not think of racial transitioning as similar to gender transitioning, because different identity groups possess different kinds of obstacles to entry. I then provide historical surveys of American racial categories and the various types (...)
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  3. Change the People or Change the Policy? On the Moral Education of Antiracists.Alex Madva, Daniel Kelly & Michael Brownstein - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
    While those who take a "structuralist" approach to racial justice issues are right to call attention to the importance of social practices, laws, etc., they sometimes go too far by suggesting that antiracist efforts ought to focus on changing unjust social systems rather than changing individuals’ minds. We argue that while the “either/or” thinking implied by this framing is intuitive and pervasive, it is misleading and self-undermining. We instead advocate for a “both/and” approach to antiracist moral education that explicitly teaches (...)
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  4. God, Race, and History: Liberating Providence, by Matt R. Jantzen. [REVIEW]Jaeha Woo - 2022 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 42 (2):431-432.
  5. Plaidoyer pour la Déconstruction.Annabelle Lever - 2021 - Telos.
    L’article de Nathalie Heinrich sur les « petits malentendus transatlantiques, paru sur Telos le 9 février, soulève quelques questions qui méritent réflexion. Si les « cultural studies » ont leurs défauts, il faut prendre au sérieux leur réflexion sur le naturel, le construit et l’arbitraire, qui bouscule différentes traditions, d’Aristote à Marx et ouvre sur de nouvelles exigences de justice.
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  6. A Critical Analysis of White Racial Framing and Comfort with Medical Research.Paige Nong, Melissa Creary, Jodyn Platt & Sharon Kardia - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics.
    Objective Analyze racial differences in comfort with medical research using an alternative to the traditional approach that treats white people as a raceless norm.Methods Quantitative analysis of survey responses (n = 1,570) from Black and white residents of the US to identify relationships between perceptions of research as a right or a risk, and comfort participating in medical research.Results A lower proportion of white respondents reported that medical experimentation occurred without patient consent (p < 0.001) and a higher proportion of (...)
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  7. Neither race nor ethnicity: Latinidad as a social affordance.Alejandro Arango & Adam Burgos - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  8. Black People Look Up and Down, White People Look Away: Charles Mills, James Baldwin, and White Ignorance.Myisha Cherry - 2022 - Radical Philosophy Review 25 (2):219-235.
    I examine how James Baldwin explored white ignorance—as conceived by Charles Mills—in his work. I argue that Baldwin helps us understand Mills’s account of white ignorance more deeply, showing that while only mentioned briefly by Mills, Baldwin provides fruitful insights into the phenomenon. I also consider the resources Baldwin provides to find a way out of white ignorance. My aim is to link these thinkers in ways that have been largely ignored.
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  9. Categorical Injustice. Ásta - 2019 - Journal of Social Philosophy 50 (4):392-406.
  10. Public attitudes about equitable COVID-19 vaccine allocation: a randomised experiment of race-based versus novel place-based frames.Harald Schmidt, Sonia Jawaid Shaikh, Emily Sadecki, Alison Buttenheim & Sarah Gollust - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (12):993-999.
    Equity was—and is—central in the US policy response to COVID-19, given its disproportionate impact on disadvantaged communities of colour. In an unprecedented turn, the majority of US states used place-based disadvantage indices to promote equity in vaccine allocation (eg, through larger vaccine shares for more disadvantaged areas and people of colour). We conducted a nationally representative survey experiment (n=2003) in April 2021 (before all US residents had become vaccine eligible), that examined respondents’ perceptions of the acceptability of disadvantage indices relative (...)
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  11. Honorary whiteness: The psychology of racial cognitive illusion.Aloysius Uchechukwu Onah - 2022 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 11 (3):67-80.
    Experiences whether personal or collective, sometimes evoke a psychological satisfaction of being superior to others. This could be due to inappropriate perception or some prejudice. When misperception takes a systematic and permanent form, it becomes an illusion. Several scientific works imply possible racial cognitive illusions. In this work, I treat honorary whiteness as a diminutive way of referring to some categories of human beings. Honorary whiteness is an ideology based on the belief of being superior to others on the basis (...)
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  12. Honorary whiteness as an ideological tool sustaining a hierarchical racial order and land expropriation in South Africa.Babalwa Sibango - 2022 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 11 (3):51-66.
    As a country with a history of settler-colonialism, the land question in South Africa remains one of the critical issues of redress that is highly contested. Furthermore, opinions on the land question tend to be divided along racial lines. This paper uses white ignorance as a theoretical framework to explain these polarised views on the land question in South Africa post-1994. The paper also uses the concept of honorary whiteness/brownness to explain how differences among ‘people of colour’ serve to sustain (...)
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  13. Black and Buddhist: What Buddhism Can Teach Us About Race, Resilience, Transformation, and Freedom ed. by Pamela Ayo Yetunde and Cheryl Giles, and: Buddhist-Christian Dialogue, U.S. Law, and Womanist Theology for Transgender Spiritual Care by Pamela Ayo Yetunde. [REVIEW]Carolyn Jones Medine - 2021 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 41 (1):327-337.
  14. The Way of Tenderness: Awakening Through Race, Sexuality, and Gender by Zenju Earthlyn Manuel.Wakoh Shannon Hickey - 2016 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 36 (1):237-241.
  15. Racial Balance in the Military.Robert K. Fullinwider - 1981 - Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly 1 (1):11.
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  16. Sentencing Guidelines, Disadvantaged Offenders, and Racial Disparities.Michael Tonry - 1994 - Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly 14 (3/4):7.
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  17. Racial Integration and the Problem of Relational Devaluation.D. C. Matthew - 2021 - Dialogue:1-43.
    RésuméCet article soutient que les noirs devraient rejeter l'intégration pour des raisons d'autoprotection et de solidarité. Il distingue deux aspects de la dévalorisation des noirs : un aspect de « stigmatisation » qui a à voir avec le fait que les noirs sont soumis à diverses formes de discrimination, et un aspect esthétique (« dévalorisation phénotypique ») qui concerne la dévalorisation esthétique de traits phénotypiques typiquement noirs. Il identifie quatre préjudices à l'estime de soi que l'intégration peut infliger et suggère (...)
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  18. Heidegger's race.Laurence Paul Hemming - 2022 - In Ingo Farin & Jeff Malpas (eds.), Heidegger and the Human. State University of New York Press.
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  19. From the Will to Race to Hygienic Feminism: Race, State, Habit.Tamsin Kimoto - 2022 - In Rick Elmore & Ege Selin Islekel (eds.), The Biopolitics of Punishment: Derrida and Foucault. Northwestern University Press.
  20. Racial domination in education.Quentin Wheeler-Bell - 2023 - In Randall R. Curren (ed.), Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Routledge.
  21. Critical philosophy of race: essays.Robert Bernasconi - 2023 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The fifteen essays collected here set out to demonstrate why the critical philosophy of race needs to take a historical turn. Genealogies of the concepts of both race and racism are deployed to clarify why some of the dominant strategies for combatting racism tend either miss the target altogether or give it only a glancing blow. For example, relying on biology to reject the concept of race as a way of disarming racism misses the fact that racism precedes the biology (...)
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  22. A questão racial nas exigências de gênero: Feminismo para quem?Bianca Silva Ferreira, Camila Risely Barbosa dos Santos & Maria Júlia Alves Borges - 2022 - REVISTA APOENA - Periódico dos Discentes de Filosofia da UFPA 3 (6):25.
    O presente artigo objetiva demonstrar como o feminismo universal foi incapaz de contemplar as demandas sociais da mulher negra. Através de análises de autoras e avaliação de índices socioeconômicos verifica-se o impacto gerado pela invisibilização das exclusões enfrentadas por mulheres na abordagem Feminista Universal.
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  23. After Essentialism: Race, Realism and Foucault. [REVIEW]Peter Somerville - 2001 - Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):48-51.
  24. To blame? The effects of moralized feedback on implicit racial bias.Jules Holroyd, Robin Scaife, Tom Stafford & Andreas Bunge - 2020 - Collabra: Psychology 6 (1).
    Implicit bias training (IBT) is now frequently provided by employers, in order to raise awareness of the problems related to implicit biases, and of how to safeguard against discrimination that may result. However, as Atewologun et al (2018) have noted, there is very little systematicity in IBT, and there are many unknowns about what constitutes good IBT. One important issue concerns the tone of information provided regarding implicit bias. This paper engages this question, focusing in particular on the observation that (...)
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  25. Introduction to “Race and Resistance” Cluster.Camisha Russell - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (4):702-705.
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  26. The Racial Hygiene Movement and the Corruption of Physical Anthropology: The Nazi Experience.D. John Doyle - 2020 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 11 (1):109-126.
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  27. Red Round Globe Hot Burning: A Tale at the Crossroads of Commons and Closure, of Love and Terror, of Race and Class, and of Kate and Ned Despard. [REVIEW]Douglas J. Cremer - 2022 - The European Legacy 27 (7-8):842-844.
    Peter Linebaugh, an acclaimed expert on eighteenth-century England, is unflinching in his ambitions for Red Round Globe Hot Burning: “This book in its quest for Edward and Catherine Despard, and in...
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  28. 16 Race and Black Theology.Anthony Bateza - 2022 - In Philip Ziegler (ed.), The Edinburgh Critical History of Twentieth-Century Christian Theology. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 294-314.
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  29. Where the social meets the biological: new ontologies of biosocial race.Jan Baedke & Azita Chellappoo - 2023 - Synthese 201 (1):1-23.
    In recent years, postgenomic research, and the fields of epigenetics and microbiome science in particular, have described novel ways in which social processes of racialization can become embodied and result in physiological and health-related racial difference. This new conception of biosocial race has important implications for philosophical debates on the ontology of race. We argue that postgenomic research on race exhibits two key biases in the way that racial schemas are deployed. Firstly, although the ‘new biosocial race’ has been characterized (...)
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  30. Learning Race Theology: Four Recent Encounters.Taido Chino - 2022 - Studies in Christian Ethics 35 (4):821-834.
    This article reviews four recently published books which help to deepen one’s understanding of the various ways white Christians (mostly in America) have often unknowingly propagated a form of Christianity that is built on a foundation of ‘whiteness’. While each book is aimed at different audiences, they collectively offer a substantive introduction to the nature of theological discourse around race and the challenges of confronting a racialised Christian mindset. Whether it is Willie Jennings’s unmasking of the white male values of (...)
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  31. Theorizing White Racial Domination and Racial Justice: A Reply to Christopher Lebron.Charles W. Mills - 2019 - Wiley: Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  32. Bernard R. Boxill, race, and social justice: A case study in the sociology of philosophical knowledge.Lucius T. Outlaw - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  33. Theorizing White Racial Domination and Racial Justice: A Reply to Christopher Lebron.Charles W. Mills - 2019 - Journal of Social Philosophy.
  34. Bernard R. Boxill, race, and social justice: A case study in the sociology of philosophical knowledge.Lucius T. Outlaw - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  35. Material Insecurity, Racial Capitalism, and Public Health.Olufemi O. Taiwo, Anne E. Fehrenbacher & Alexis Cooke - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (6):17-22.
  36. The Dialectics of Race: Proletarian Literature, Richard Wright, and the Making of Revolutionary Subjectivity.Benjamin Balthaser - 2021 - Historical Materialism 29 (2):119-142.
    As the Hungarian Marxist Georg Lukács noted, class has both an objective and a subjective quality: workers are reified as alienated commodities while at the same time they perceive their interests as qualitatively different from those of the capitalist who purchases their labour-power. This essay will argue that one of the most complex theorisations of the material production of working-class subjectivity emerges from Richard Wright’s 12 Million Black Voices, a second-person collective narrative of the African-American Great Migration. Wright locates African-American (...)
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  37. W. E. B. Du Bois and the EVOLUTION OF ‘RACE’.Stephanie J. Shaw - 2022 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (S1):73-101.
    This essay situates the major works of W.E.B. Du Bois and some of his minor work between the 1880s and 1940 in the historical context of black people's writing about race since the eighteenth century. In offering examples of the evolution of black thinking and writing on this topic, it views Du Bois's work in the context of Moral and Ethical Philosophy (rather than the more obvious History, Sociology, and Political Economics) in order to reveal his efforts as a disruption, (...)
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  38. What's at Stake in the Race Debate?Ron Mallon - 2022 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (S1):54-72.
    How can there be so much apparent disagreement about what race is, when there is so much agreement on the facts surrounding race? In this paper, I develop this puzzle and consider several interpretations of work in the philosophy of race to try to answer it, several ways of understanding what the metaphysics of race is doing. I consider and reject the possibility that apparent disagreement is metaphysically substantive, and I also consider and reject the view that apparent disagreement primarily (...)
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  39. Race.Russell A. Potter - 2013 - In Sara Horsfall, Jan-Martijn Meij & Meghan D. Probstfield (eds.), Music sociology: examining the role of music in social life. Paradigm Publishers.
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  40. Ethical Redress of Racial Inequities in AI: Lessons from Decoupling Machine Learning from Optimization in Medical Appointment Scheduling.Robert Shanklin, Michele Samorani, Shannon Harris & Michael A. Santoro - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (4):1-19.
    An Artificial Intelligence algorithm trained on data that reflect racial biases may yield racially biased outputs, even if the algorithm on its own is unbiased. For example, algorithms used to schedule medical appointments in the USA predict that Black patients are at a higher risk of no-show than non-Black patients, though technically accurate given existing data that prediction results in Black patients being overwhelmingly scheduled in appointment slots that cause longer wait times than non-Black patients. This perpetuates racial inequity, in (...)
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  41. Affirmative action in healthcare resource allocation: Vaccines, ventilators and race.Hazem Zohny, Ben Davies & Dominic Wilkinson - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):970-977.
    This article is about the potential justification for deploying some form of affirmative action (AA) in the context of healthcare, and in particular in relation to the pandemic. We call this Affirmative Action in healthcare Resource Allocation (AARA). Specifically, we aim to investigate whether the rationale and justifications for using prioritization policies based on race in education and employment apply in a healthcare setting, and in particular to the COVID-19 pandemic. We concentrate in this article on vaccines and ventilators because (...)
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  42. Race, Class, & Religion : Gramsci's Conception of Subalternity.Marcus E. Green - 2013 - In Cosimo Zene (ed.), The Political Philosophies of Antonio Gramsci and B. R. Ambedkar: Itineraries of Dalits and Subalterns. Routledge.
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  43. Fanon and the trauma of racial interpellation (or the negro coming face to face with his race).Maurice Wade - 2013 - In Ryan Crawford, Gerhard Unterthurner & Erik Michael Vogt (eds.), Delimiting experience: aesthetics and politics. Verlag Turia + Kant.
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  44. Race and the value of the human.Paul Gilroy - 2014 - In Costas Douzinas & Conor Gearty (eds.), The meanings of rights: the philosophy and social theory of human rights. Cambridge University Press.
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  45. Categories We Live By: The Construction of Sex, Gender, Race, and Other Social Categories.Ásta Ásta - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    We are women, we are men. We are refugees, single mothers, people with disabilities, and queers. We belong to social categories and they frame our actions, self-understanding, and opportunities. But what are social categories? How are they created and sustained? How does one come to belong to them? Ásta approaches these questions through analytic feminist metaphysics. Her theory of social categories centers on an answer to the question: what is it for a feature of an individual to be socially meaningful? (...)
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  46. Does AI Debias Recruitment? Race, Gender, and AI’s “Eradication of Difference”.Eleanor Drage & Kerry Mackereth - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (4):1-25.
    In this paper, we analyze two key claims offered by recruitment AI companies in relation to the development and deployment of AI-powered HR tools: (1) recruitment AI can objectively assess candidates by removing gender and race from their systems, and (2) this removal of gender and race will make recruitment fairer, help customers attain their DEI goals, and lay the foundations for a truly meritocratic culture to thrive within an organization. We argue that these claims are misleading for four reasons: (...)
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  47. Interrupting the Violence of Racial Identities: Lessons from Asian American Experience, the Parable of the Good Samaritan, and “Truth Force”.Ki Joo Choi - 2022 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 42 (1):189-206.
    Sustained reflection on multiple expressions of Asian American experience directs us to the coercive logic of racial identities. Noticing this logic is critical to identifying the limitations of several strategies to resist and transcend racial injustice, including the demand for racial recognition. Rereading the Parable of the Good Samaritan as one about the perils of racial identity and then taking cues from the nonviolent practice of truth force provide a blueprint that reimagines the liberative role racial identities can play.
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  48. Vicious Trauma: Race, Bodies and the Confounding of Virtue Ethics.M. Therese Lysaught & Cory D. Mitchell - 2022 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 42 (1):75-100.
    This essay asks: How do the realities of embodied trauma inflicted by racism interface with virtue theory? This question illuminates two lacunae in virtue theory. The first is attention to race. We argue that the contemporary academic virtue literature performs largely as a White space, failing to address virtue theory’s role in the social construction of race, ignoring the rich and vibrant resources on virtue ethics alive within the Black theological tradition that long antedates Alasdair MacIntyre’s After Virtue, and segregating (...)
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  49. A Critical Race Theology Analysis of Catholic Social Teaching as Justification for Reparations to African Americans for Jim Crow.Nicholas Ensley Mitchell - 2022 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 19 (2):251-273.
    This article is a critical race theology analysis that asserts that Catholic social teaching established in documents such as the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Populorum progressio, Caritas in veritate, and the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace’s Contribution to the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance justifies reparations for the state of oppression commonly called Jim Crow, or segregation society, from the US government because it denied African Americans “truly human conditions.”.
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  50. Race in the Afterlife: An Eastern Christian Approach.Nathan Placencia - 2022 - In Joshua Matthan Brown & James Siemens (eds.), Eastern Christian Approaches to Philosophy. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 281-301.
    In a previous paper, I addressed the question: Will there be races in heaven? (Placencia, 2021 ). There I argued that the answer to that question depends on one’s view of heaven and one’s account of race. After sorting out these concepts, I defended the conclusion that racial identity, but not race, is compatible with the mainstream Christian account of the afterlife. However, I left open the question of whether deflationary realist races (what I will refer to as minimalist races (...)
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