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Summary David Hume (1711-1776) was a Scottish thinker who made substantial contributions to the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, religion, mind, aesthetics, morals, politics, history and economics. He is traditionally classified as one of the three most important British empiricists along with John Locke (1632-1704) and George Berkeley (1685-1753).  
Key works

Hume’s major philosophical works include A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740), An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748), An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779). Oxford has recent scholarly editions of the Treatise (Norton & Norton 2007), the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Beauchamp 2000), and the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (Beauchamp 1998). Editions of the Dialogues include Coleman 2007, Gaskin 1998/2009 and Kemp Smith 1935. Hume also wrote numerous essays on a variety of topics collected together in Essays, Moral, Political and Literary (Beauchamp & Box 2022, Miller 1987) and a six-volume History of England (1754-1761) (Todd 1983).

Introductions There are many introductions and anthologies on Hume’s works. Select introductory works include Blackburn 2008, Brown & Morris 2012, Garrett 2015 and Wright 2009. For more comprehensive anthologies see Ainslie & Butler 2014, Bailey & O'Brien 2012, Coventry & Sager 2019, Norton & Taylor 1993, Radcliffe 2008, Falkenstein 2016 and Traiger 2006. Excellent encyclopedia articles can be found online at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The standard biography of Hume is Mossner 1954. A more recent intellectual biography is Harris 2015
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  1. David Hume on Principle, Nature, and the Indirect Influence of Philosophy.Richard Velkley - 2016 - In Christopher Lynch & Jonathan Marks (eds.), Principle and prudence in Western political thought. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 191-208.
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  2. Editors’ Introduction.Elizabeth S. Radcliffe & Mark G. Spencer - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):7-8.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Editors’ IntroductionElizabeth S. Radcliffe and Mark G. SpencerThis issue opens with the winning essay in the Third Annual Hume Studies Essay Prize competition: “Hume beyond Theism and Atheism” by Dr. Ariel Peckel. Dr. Peckel’s essay was chosen as the winner from among papers submitted by emerging scholars from August 2022 through July 2023. Please see the full prize announcement with information about this talented Hume scholar elsewhere in this (...)
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  3. Hume’s Theory of Moral Judgment in Light of His Explanatory Project.Avital Hazony Levi - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):77-100.
    In this paper, I argue that Hume’s account of moral judgment is best understood if it is read in light of Hume’s explanatory project. I first lay out the textual support to show that Hume’s account of justice in the Treatise includes both approval of a motive that gives rise to the virtue of justice, and approval of a system of conduct, irrespective of a motive. I then argue that we can allow for such plurality in Hume’s theory of moral (...)
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  4. Politické myšlení Davida Huma. Základní otázky, východiska a inspirace pro americké otce zakladatele by Adéla Rádková (review).Hynek Janoušek - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):181-185.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Politické myšlení Davida Huma. Základní otázky, východiska a inspirace pro americké otce zakladatele by Adéla RádkováHynek JanoušekAdéla Rádková. Politické myšlení Davida Huma. Základní otázky, východiska a inspirace pro americké otce zakladatele [The Political Thought of David Hume. Basic Questions, Premises, and Inspiration for America’s Founding Fathers]. Prague: Togga, 2019. Pp. 201. Paperback. ISBN 978-80-7476-169-0, $10.00.The work of David Hume has never been a major focus of interest in (...)
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  5. David Hume and Adam Smith: A Japanese Perspective by Tatsuya Sakamoto (review).Estrella Trincado - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):163-169.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:David Hume and Adam Smith: A Japanese Perspective by Tatsuya SakamotoEstrella TrincadoTatsuya Sakamoto. David Hume and Adam Smith: A Japanese Perspective. London and New York: Routledge, 2021. Pp. 297. ISBN 9780367683023. Hardback. £130.This book is a collection of essays and articles by the Japanese scholar Tatsuya Sakamoto. In the foreword, Ryu Susato, professor of the Faculty of Economics at Keio University, Tokyo, notes that in Japanese society Marxism (...)
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  6. Hume beyond Theism and Atheism.Ariel Peckel - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):9-33.
    This paper defends a rigorous reading of Hume’s critiques of arguments for the existence of God and of the belief in God against interpretations that endorse Humean theism, deism, and fideism. The latter include Donald Livingston’s theist reading, J. C. A. Gaskin’s “attenuated deism” reading, and Edward Kanterian’s “humble fideism” reading. I also examine whether Hume’s rejections of a positive theology commit him to agnosticism or atheism. My innovative challenge to such conclusions maintains that, while elements of both agnosticism and (...)
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  7. Hume on Self-Government and Strength of Mind.Albert Cotugno - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):53-75.
    Throughout his writings, Hume extols the benefits of an attribute he calls “Strength of Mind,” which he defines as the “prevalence of the calm passions over the violent” (T 2.3.3.10). But there is some question as to how he thought a person could attain this important trait. Contemporary scholars have committed Hume to the view that only indirect and social methods, such as state punishment or sympathetic pressure, could effectively cultivate it. Yet a closer examination of Hume’s corpus reveals a (...)
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  8. Hume’s Hedonism.Roger Crisp - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):35-51.
    This paper seeks critically to elucidate Hume’s views on pleasure and the good, in particular his evaluative hedonism, and to show that evaluative hedonism is in certain respects at least as significant a component of his philosophical ethics as sentimentalism. The first section explains his notion of pleasure, and how it is, in an important sense, prior to desire. The following two sections show how this conception of pleasure and its relation to desire leads Hume to accept evaluative hedonism, as (...)
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  9. The Testimony of Sense: Empiricism and the Essay from Hume to Hazlitt by Tim Milnes (review).Margaret Watkins - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):175-180.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:The Testimony of Sense: Empiricism and the Essay from Hume to Hazlitt by Tim MilnesMargaret WatkinsTim Milnes. The Testimony of Sense: Empiricism and the Essay from Hume to Hazlitt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Pp. viii + 278. Hardback. ISBN: 9780198812739. $91.00.In his brief autobiography, “My Own Life,” Hume reports that “almost all [his] life has been spent in literary pursuits and occupations” (E-MOL: xxxi). This is one (...)
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  10. Hume as Regularity Theorist—After All! Completing a Counter-Revolution.Peter Millican - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):101-162.
    Traditionally, Hume has widely been viewed as the standard-bearer for regularity accounts of causation. But between 1983 and 1990, two rival interpretations appeared—namely the skeptical realism of Wright, Craig, and Strawson, and the quasi-realist projectivism of Blackburn—and since then the interpretative debate has been dominated by the contest between these three approaches, with projectivism recently appearing the likely winner. This paper argues that the controversy largely arose from a fundamental mistake, namely, the assumption that Hume is committed to the subjectivity (...)
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  11. Hume’s Natural Philosophy and Philosophy of Physical Science by Matias Slavov (review).Krisztián Pete - 2024 - Hume Studies 49 (1):170-174.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Hume’s Natural Philosophy and Philosophy of Physical Science by Matias SlavovKrisztián PeteMatias Slavov. Hume’s Natural Philosophy and Philosophy of Physical Science. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020. Pp. 216. Hardcover. ISBN 9781350087866, £95.Although the relationship between Hume and Newton is a recurring theme in the Hume literature, Matias Slavov’s book does not seek to contribute to the debate between the traditional (Hume imitated Newton’s natural philosophy) and the critical (Hume (...)
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  12. Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature: A Critical Guide.Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (ed.) - forthcoming - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  13. O zawiści w handlu.David Hume - 2016 - Studia Z Historii Filozofii 6 (4):45-49.
    Translated and edited by Krzysztof Wawrzonkowski.
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  14. David Hume: Leben und Philosophie.Rudolf Metz - 1930 - Mind 39 (154):226-230.
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  15. Review of John Arthur Passmore: Hume's Intentions[REVIEW]G. Watts Cunningham - 1954 - Ethics 64 (4):315-316.
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  16. The Truth Is Not Out There. [REVIEW]Peter Fosl - 1999 - The Philosophers' Magazine 5:58-59.
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  17. You Hume it, I’ll play it..John Mizzioni - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine 28:20-22.
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  18. Hume. [REVIEW]Hartmut Kliemt - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 15:228-232.
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  19. Sistema e ricerca in David Hume. [REVIEW]Reinhard Brandt - 1972 - Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 4:223-225.
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  20. Natural-Agency Theory as an Alternative to Hume.Martin Gerwin - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (1):3-12.
    RésuméMartin Gerwin répond ici aux critiques adressées par Andrew Ward à son article de 1987 « Causality and Agency: A Refutation of Hume». Contre la position de Hume sur l'origine de notre idée de connexion causale, Gerwin défend une théorie actantielle; il est de ceux pour qui le processus d'acquisition des concepts causaux dépend de manière cruciale de notre expérience d'être agent et non seulement spectateur. Il soutient que le processus implique un usage de l'imagination créatrice pour l'invention des concepts (...)
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  21. Monteiro, Hume e… Adão.Luiz Dutra - 1997 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 1 (2):297-304.
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  22. Hume. [REVIEW]Gerald Hanratty - 1978 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 26:292-293.
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  23. Hume. [REVIEW]David O’Connor - 1978 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 26:293-296.
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  24. David Hume. [REVIEW]Robert Toole - 1978 - International Studies in Philosophy 10:233-235.
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  25. The Vision of Hume.David Hume & Appelbaum - 2001 - Collins & Brown.
    Eighteenth-century Scotsman David Hume, a naturalist and empiricist who argued the only reliable source of knowledge is experience, is widely considered the most important philosopher to write in the English language. Key passages from his writings are featured here, including A Treatise on Human Nature, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, accompanied by explanatory essays that put Hume's thoughts into proper political and historical context.
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  26. The Essential Hume.Paul Strathern - 2002 - Virgin Books.
    In his day, Hume was acknowledged as the finest philosopher in Europe. Yet 'the greatest mind Scotland has ever produced' remained for many years unrecognised. He bore his obscurity and apparent failure with the same good-hearted sanity as his penetrating and down-to-earth philosophy. These witty and informative guides cover the lives and ideas of the major philosophers. Award-winning author Paul Strathern's concise and easily comprehensible style highlights the major advances in philosophy, as well as the men who conceived them and (...)
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  27. David Hume: mit Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten.Gerhard Streminger - 1986
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  28. Die Elhik David Hume's in Ihrer Geschichtlichen Stellung, Nebst Einem Anhang.Georg von Gizycki - 1878
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  29. Davidis Humei... De Vita Sua Acta, Liber Singularis; Lat. Redditus [by Sir D. Dalrymple].David Hume & Dalrymple - 1787
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  30. David Hume.Anton Thomsen - 1912
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  31. Een dialoog over David Hume. [REVIEW]Rob van Gerwen - 2009 - Nexus 52.
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  32. SANTUCCI A., "L'umanesimo scettico di David Hume". [REVIEW]G. M. Pozzo - 1966 - Giornale di Metafisica 21:875.
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  33. GUISÁN, ESPERANZA, Los presupuestos de la falacia naturalista. Una revisión crítica, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 1981, 144 págs. [REVIEW]José Luis del Barco Collazos - 1982 - Anuario Filosófico 15 (1):289-294.
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  34. Streminger, G., David Hume. Sein Leben und sein Werk. [REVIEW]W. Lemmens - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (4):748.
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  35. Un opuscule retrouvé.David Hume & Georges Beaulavon - 1939 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 46 (3):375-397.
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  36. Hume.L. Lévy-brühl - 1909 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 17:596-619.
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  37. David Hume. Œuvres philosophiques choisies.Maxime David & L. Lévy-Bruhl - 1912 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 20 (3):6-7.
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  38. Hume, coll. « Philosophers in Perspective ».Terence Penelhum - 1976 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 166 (3):323-324.
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  39. David Hume. Sein Leben und sein Werk.Gerhard Streminger - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (4):748-749.
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  40. The Immortal David Hume.Nigel Bruce - 1996 - Free Inquiry 17.
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  41. A Calendar of British Taste. [REVIEW]J. A. Passmore - 1950 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 28:131.
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  42. Salmon, C. V., The central Problem of David Hume's Philosophy. [REVIEW]Rudolf Metz - 1930 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 35:326.
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  43. Les Essais Esthétiques. Première Partie : Art Et Société.David Hume & Renée Bouveresse - 1973 - J. Vrin.
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  44. Hume.André Vergez - 1969 - Paris,: Presses universitaires de France.
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  45. David Ium.I. S. Narskii - 1973 - Mysl.
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  46. David Hume, leben und philosophie.Rudolf Metz - 1929 - Stuttgart,: F. Frommann.
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  47. Studi su Hume.André Leroy (ed.) - 1968 - Firenze,: La nuova Italia.
    Le rôle de David Hume dans la philosophie moderne, par A. L. Leroy.--The enlightenment of David Hume, by E. C. Mossner.--Hume and Jurieu: possible Calvinist origins of Hume's theory of belief, by R. H. Popkin.--Hume: philosopher or psychologist? A problem of exegesis, by T. E. Jessop.--L'astrazione nella filosofia di Hume, di M. Dal Pra.--Infinite divisibility in Hume's "Treatise," by A. Flew.--Note a "La rgola del gusto," di E. Migliorini.--Kant, Hamann-Jacobi and Schelling on Hume, by P. Merlan.--Bibliografia humiana dal 1937 al (...)
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  48. Testi, documenti e materiali-Gli Hume di Mario Dal Pra.Marzia Rigamonti - 2008 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 63 (1):139.
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Hume: Metaphysics and Epistemology
  1. Imagining the Unseen: The External World of Hume’s Treatise.Angela M. Coventry - forthcoming - In Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (ed.), Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This paper provides a brief history of some critical responses and expansions of Hume on external objects, with a particular emphasis on the relevance of developmental psychology.
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  2. Empirisme transcendantal et subjectivité: la notion de sujet dans les monographies de Deleuze sur Hume, Kant, Nietzsche et Bergson.Julie van der Wielen - 2023 - Paris: Hermann.
    L'empirisme transcendantal élaboré par Gilles Deleuze n'est pas le fruit du hasard : il résulte de lectures critiques et d'un véritable remaniement de concepts, notamment dans ses monographies des années cinquante et soixante. Or on lit généralement les œuvres de maturité de Deleuze sans trop s'attarder sur ces premiers écrits. De même, la question de la subjectivité dans son œuvre est souvent laissée au second plan, et l'on constate dans la littérature secondaire des opinions diamétralement opposées quant au statut du (...)
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