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  1. Dialogues concerning Natural Politics: A Modern Philosophical Dialogue about Policymaker Ignorance.Scott Scheall - 2023 - Substack.
    How should we conceive of policymakers for the purposes of political analysis? In particular, if we wish to explain and predict political decisions and their consequences, if we wish to ensure that political action is as effective as it can be, how should we think of policymakers? Should we think of them as they are commonly conceived in traditional political analysis, i.e., as uniquely knowledgeable and as either altruistic (i.e., as motivated to realize goals associated with their constituents’ interests) or (...)
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  2. David Hume and Copernicanism.Silvia Manzo - 2009 - In Letitia Meynell, Donald Baxter, Nathan Brett & Lívia Guimaraes (eds.), 36th International Hume Society Conference. Naturalism and Hume’s Philosophy. Conference Papers. Halifax, N.S.: The Printer. pp. 85-88.
    The aim of this paper is to examine how much Hume knew about astronomy, in order to understand the reasons for his acceptance of Copernicanism. My contention is that Hume’s positive reception of the Copernican system arises at least from the importance that he gives to three features that he attributes to the Copernican system: beauty, simplicity and uniformity. I also give some evidence that Hume had first-hand knowledge of some sections of Galileo’s Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi del (...)
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  3. A resposta de Thomas Reid ao ceticismo.Vinícius França Freitas - 2020 - Síntese Revista de Filosofia 47 (147):23-44.
    The paper presents and discusses how Thomas Reid's philosophy of common sense replies to the skepticism about the epistemic reliability of the faculties of mind. The hypothesis presented establishes that Reid’s reply has three arguments. First, Reid shows why it is impossible to prove the reliability of the faculties of mind and why philosophers may begin their investigations by accepting the truth of the beliefs due to these faculties. Secondly, Reid shows that it is inconsistent to choose one of these (...)
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  4. A ciência política de Thomas Reid.Vinícius França Freitas - 2018 - Analytica (Rio) 22 (1):39-61.
    The paper covers the discussion of three aspects of Thomas Reid’s political thought. Initially, it presents and discusses Reid’s understanding of Politics. Secondly, it is argued that, unlike the first principles of other branches of knowledge, such as Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind and Morals, the first principles of Politics are not the first principles of common sense. Politics is founded on a form of empirical knowledge that cannot be identified with common sense, with the judgments and beliefs due to the (...)
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  5. Playing with the Ancients: The Cosmology of Gilles Personne de Roberval.Ovidiu Babeş - 2022 - Perspectives on Science 30 (6):950-981.
    This contribution explores Gilles Personne de Roberval’s 1644 Aristarchi Samii de mundi systemate, partibus, & motibus eiusdem, libellus. I focus on the complex circumstances of publication, the intellectual context of the polemics of Copernicanism within the scientific community, as well as the natural philosophy of the treatise. Roberval’s strategy of publication provides a very sophisticated example of authorship in early modern natural philosophy. The strategy lies at the conflux of certain specific motivations. I contextualize these motivations by accounting for the (...)
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  6. Are these the paradoxes being referred to?Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I make some proposals regarding which paradoxes Dr. Johnson was referring to in a preface.
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  7. Heavenly creatures? Visions of animal afterlife in seventeenth-century England.Lloyd Strickland - 2022 - Journal of Religious History, Literature, and Culture 1 (8):1-24.
    This article offers an extensive study of the idea of an animal afterlife in seventeenth-century England. While some have argued that the idea of an animal afterlife became prevalent at the time due to increased awareness of animals’ mental abilities, others have suggested it was due to greater sensitivity to animal suffering and the perceived need to square this suffering with divine justice. I show that both views are incorrect, and that seventeenth-century thinking about an animal afterlife was first and (...)
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  8. Anne Conway's Metaphysics of Change.Sebastian Bender - 2022 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 39 (1):21-44.
    The Aristotelian account of change—according to which no individual can survive a change of species because an individual's essence is, at least in part, determined by its species membership—remains popular in the seventeenth century. One important, but often overlooked dissenting voice comes from Anne Conway. Unlike many of her contemporaries, Conway firmly rejects the Aristotelian account of change. She instead endorses the doctrine of Radical Mutability, the view that a creature can belong to different species at different times. A horse, (...)
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  9. The Rise of Religious Skepticism in the Seventeenth Century.Michael W. Hickson & Thomas M. Lennon - 2018 - In Dan Kaufman (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth-century Philosophy. New York, NY, USA: pp. 563-582.
  10. Moral Necessity, Agent Causation, and the Determination of Free Actions in Clarke and Leibniz.Julia Jorati - 2021 - In Marco Haussman & Jorg Nöller (eds.), Free Will: Historical and Analytic Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 165-202.
    On the standard interpretation, Samuel Clarke and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz endorse fundamentally different theories of free will. Clarke is typically interpreted as a libertarian who holds that freedom requires indeterminism. Leibniz, in contrast, is typically interpreted as a compatibilist who holds that free actions can be determined. This chapter challenges the standard interpretation and argues that Clarke and Leibniz agree almost completely about free will. Both require free actions to be instances of agent causation, and both view freedom as compatible (...)
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  11. Philosophy of Religion in Modern European Thought 1600-1800.Brendan Kolb & Andrew Chignell - 2021 - The Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Religion.
    The early modern period (roughly, 1600–1800 ce) in Europe brought tremendous changes in intellectual, political, and cultural life. It was a period in which philosophical debates were inevitably bound up with questions about the nature and sources of religious truth. A chronological examination of some of the period’s major thinkers highlights two issues that were central to the development of philosophy of religion in the period. The first concerns the relations between God, the soul, and the body; the other concerns (...)
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  12. Ethical Perspectives on Animals in the Early Modern Period.Guido Giglioni - 2012 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 3:625-628.
  13. Quantity and Place in Thomas White's Eucharistic Metaphysics.Patrick J. Connolly - forthcoming - History of Philosophy Quarterly.
    Thomas White’s views on transubstantiation have been the focus on a recent article that analyzes his manuscript essay “Of Transubstantiation.” This paper sheds further light on White’s views by exploring a second manuscript essay: “A Discourse Concerning the Eucharist”. This second essay seeks to make transubstantiation rationally comprehensible through an analysis of philosophical topics such as quantity, place, and change. While “Of Transubstantiation” draws on elements of the mechanical philosophy, “A Discourse Concerning the Eucharist” appears more closely aligned with traditional (...)
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  14. A science of concord: the politics of commercial knowledge in mid-eighteenth-century Britain.Jon Cooper - 2021 - Intellectual History Review 31 (2).
    This article recovers mid-century proposals for sciences of concord and contextualizes them as part of a broader politics of commercial knowledge in eighteenth-century Britain. It begins by showing how merchants gained authority as formulators of commercial policy during the Commerce Treaty debates of 1713–1714. This authority held fast during the Walpolean oligarchy, but collapsed by the 1740s, when lobbying and patronage were increasingly maligned as corrupt by a ferment of popular republicanism. The article then explores how the Anglican cleric Josiah (...)
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  15. Lire le matérialisme.Charles T. Wolfe - 2020 - Lyon, France: ENS Editions.
    Ce livre étudie, à travers une série d'épisodes allant de la philosophie des Lumières à notre époque, le problème du matérialisme dans l'histoire de la philosophie et l’histoire des sciences. Comment comprendre les spécificités de l’histoire du matérialisme, des Lumières à nos jours, au sein de la grande histoire de la philosophie et de l’histoire des sciences ? Quelle est l’actualité de l’opposition classique entre le corps et l’esprit ? Qu’est-ce que le rire ou le rêve peuvent nous apprendre du (...)
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  16. A Defence of Reveal'd Religion Against The Exceptions of a late Writer [Matthew Tindal] (London, 1732).John Conybeare - unknown
  17. Judaism and Natural Religion in the Philosophy of William Wollaston.Diego Lucci - 2007 - British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 30 (3):363-387.
  18. The Ethics of William Wollaston.Clifford Griffeth Thompson - 1922 - Boston: Badger.
  19. The Ethics of William Wollaston.Ralph E. Stedman - 1935 - The Nineteenth Century and After 118 (702):217-225.
  20. The Nature and Obligation of Virtue (London, 1754).William Adams - unknown
  21. Morality, founded in the Reason of Things, and the Ground of Revelation. A sermon preached at St. Michael's at the Pleas in Norwich, April 17th, 1730 (London, 1730).Thomas Bott - unknown
  22. The Principal and Peculiar Notion Advanc'd in a Late Book, Intitled, The Religion of Nature Delineated (1725).Thomas Bott - unknown
  23. A Brief Profession of Religion, As founded on Reason, Consistent with, and confirm’d by Revelation (London, 1725). Anonymous - unknown
  24. A Defence of Mr. Wollaston's Notion of Moral Good and Evil; In Answer to a Letter, in which It is said to be Considered and Refuted (1725). Anonymous - unknown
  25. A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals, 3rd edition (1787).Richard Price - 1948 - Oxford: Clarendon.
  26. An Introduction to Moral Philosophy (1745).Edward Bentham - 1994 - Bristol: Thoemmes.
  27. A Summary of Natural Religion, 2nd edition (1749).John Barr - unknown
  28. Associationism in the Philosophy of Mind.Mike Dacey - 2020 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Association dominated theorizing about the mind in the English-speaking world from the early eighteenth century through the mid-twentieth and remained an important concept into the twenty-first. This endurance across centuries and intellectual traditions means that it has manifested in many different ways in different views of mind. This article traces associationist themes as they developed over the years by presenting the views of central historical figures in each era, focusing specifically on their conception of the associative relation and how it (...)
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  29. Review of 'Thomas Paine and the Idea of Human Rights' by Robert Lamb. [REVIEW]Michael L. Frazer - 2016 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 1.
  30. A noção de ‘senso comum’ em Thomas Reid.Vinícius França Freitas - 2020 - Discurso 50 (1).
    The paper aims to discuss the notion of ‘common sense’ in Thomas Reid’s philosophy. It presents two hypotheses. The first hypothesis states that the common sense that Reid uses in philosophical matters is nothing but the set of original principles of the mind that determine human beings in regard to their notions, beliefs and inclinations, as well as the judgments and beliefs that are due to these principles. The second hypothesis states that Reid understands a kind of ‘developed common sense’, (...)
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  31. Mechanical Philosophy: Reductionism and Foundationalism.Tzuchien Tho - 2020 - Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences.
  32. Malthus, l'utilitarismo teologico e il baule. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2006 - Storia Del Pensiero Economico 3 (2):213- 219.
    I discuss Malthus, Thomas Robert "The unpublished papers in the collection of Kanto Gakuen University", Pullen, John; Parry, Trevor Hughes (eds). I argue that the theological dimension in Malthus’s overall project may be stressed in the light of some of the original materials published here for the first time. -/- .
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  33. Priestley's Metaphysics.Alan Tapper - 1987 - Dissertation, University of Western Australia
    Joseph Priestley was a man of many and varied intellectual interests. This thesis surveys his philosophical thought, with a central focus on his philosophical theology. The subject can be divided into two parts, natural theology and moral theology. Priestley's natural theology is a perhaps unique attempt to combine and harmonize materialism, determinism and theism, under the auspices of Newtonian methodology. His materialism is based on three arguments: that interaction between matter and spirit is impossible; that a dynamic theory of matter (...)
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  34. From Experimental Natural Philosophy to Natural Religion: Action and Contemplation in the Early Royal Society.Elliot Rossiter - 2019 - In Alberto Vanzo & Peter R. Anstey (eds.), Experiment, Speculation and Religion in Early Modern Philosophy. Routledge.
    This chapter explores the ways in which the project of the early Royal Society supported the transformation of religion into a practical and reasonable activity that essentially consists in a kind of natural religion wherein we focus on what can be known about God and our duties through the natural light, understood in terms of an experimental approach to nature. More precisely, Rossiter argues that the natural religion supported by figures in and around the Royal Society subverts the traditional hierarchy (...)
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  35. Ведрото на Нютон срещу дървото на Декарт. Въвеждане.Vassil Vidinsky - 2011 - Sofia, Bulgaria: Sofia University Press.
    Книгата проследява зараждането на един от най-важните и продължителни исторически конфликти във философията на природата: борбата между релативисти и абсолютисти по отношение на пространството, времето и движението. Катализатор на този конфликт е Рене Декарт - първият, опитващ се да създаде последователна релационистична система във физиката, която обаче започва да ерозира още с възраженията на Нютон. Изследването разкрива и разгръща фундаменталните светогледни позиции на двамата учени през персонална, понятийна и контекстуална рамка. Ако използваме клишета, то в крайна сметка бащата на модерната (...)
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  36. Thomas White on the Metaphysics of Transubstantiation.Patrick J. Connolly - 2018 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (4):516-540.
    This article explores a previously neglected manuscript essay in which Thomas White offers an account of the metaphysics underpinning transubstantiation. White’s views are of particular interest because his explanation employs a broadly mechanist framework, rather than the hylomorphism traditionally associated with Roman Catholic discussions of the Eucharist. The manuscript helps to shed light on a number of topics of importance to early modern philosophy including the reception of Descartes’ views, the relationship between theology and natural philosophy, and mechanist accounts of (...)
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  37. Jane Austen’s Emma: The Reconstrual of Imagination and Romance.Peter Knox-Shaw - 2018 - In Eva Dadlez (ed.), Jane Austen's Emma: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. Ch. 6.
    Emma has often convincingly been assigned to the “quixotic” novel, a genre much favored by the long eighteenth century and admired on occasion by Jane Austen herself. But whereas novels of this type invariably end with a joint renunciation of imagination and romance in deference to a greater realism, Emma shows imagination to be integral to an apprehension of the real world, and to require, for its fidelity, a principle long enshrined by romance. Austen’s understanding of imagination as both necessary (...)
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  38. Darwin among the Philosophers: Hull and Ruse on Darwin, Herschel, and Whewell.Phillip Honenberger - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (2):278-309.
  39. Sir Charles Cavendish and his learned friends.Jean Jacquot - 1952 - Annals of Science 8 (2):175-191.
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  40. The pollen of metaphor: Box, cage, and trap as containment in the eighteenth century.Anne Milne - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 57:121-128.
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  41. Making religion safe for democracy: Transformation from Hobbes to tocqueville J. Judd Owen cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2015; 164 pp.; $104.95. [REVIEW]Matthew Taylor - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (3):673-674.
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  42. Seeing with the Hands: Blindness, Vision and Touch after Descartes.Mark Paterson - 2016 - Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
    The ‘man born blind restored to light’ was one of the foundational myths of the Enlightenment, according to Foucault. With ophthalmic surgery in its infancy, the fascination by the sighted with blindness and what the blind might ‘see’ after sight restoration remained largely speculative. Was being blind, as Descartes once remarked, like ‘seeing with the hands’? Did evidence from early cataract operations begin to resolve epistemological debates about the relationship between vision and touch in the newly sighted, such as the (...)
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  43. Reviews : Signification humaine du rire (the human meaning of laughter) by Francis Jeanson Paris: Edition du seuil, i950, I volume, pp. 2i3. [REVIEW]D. Victoroff - 1953 - Diogenes 1 (2):100-101.
  44. Book Review: The Natural PhilosopherThe Natural Philosopher. Edited by GershensonDaniel and GreenbergDaniel . Vol. i, pp. 192vol. ii, pp. 136 Each vol., $1.95 paper, $2.95 cloth. [REVIEW]J. R. Ravetz - 1966 - History of Science 5 (1):158-158.
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  45. Essay Review: The Royal College of Physicians of London in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A History of the Royal College of Physicians of LondonA history of the Royal College of Physicians of London. Volume I. By ClarkGeorgeSir . Pp. xxiii + 425.R. S. Roberts - 1966 - History of Science 5 (1):87-100.
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  46. Book Review: Steam Power in the Eighteenth CenturySteam Power in the Eighteenth Century. CardwellD. S. L. . Pp. x + 102. 12s. 6d. [REVIEW]A. G. Keller - 1966 - History of Science 5 (1):153-153.
  47. Essay Review: The Elusive Rosicrucians: The Rosicrucian EnlightenmentThe Rosicrucian Enlightenment. YatesFrances A. . Pp. xv + 269. £4.50.D. P. Walker - 1973 - History of Science 11 (4):306-310.
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  48. Essay Review: Eighteenth Century Materialism: Thinking Matter: Materialism in Eighteenth-Century Britain.Geoffrey Cantor - 1985 - History of Science 23 (2):201-206.
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  49. Dmitri Levitin, Ancient Wisdom in the Age of the New Science. Histories of Philosophy in England, c. 1640-1700. [REVIEW]Mogens Laerke - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  50. Beyond Liberty and Property: The Process of Self-Recognition in Eighteenth-Century Political Thought.Richard Gunn & J. A. W. Gunn - 1983 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    The themes explored include political liberty, "legal tyranny," defences of influence in government, recognition of the Opposition, and the development of organic categories of political analysis - the latter in a chapter that explodes the association often presumed between organicism and conservative modes of thought. A chapter on the "Fourth Estate" examines the gradual process of legitimation of "interests," culminating in the influence of the press. Central to the account of new political forces and their recognition is the idea of (...)
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1 — 50 / 38425