Results for 'Rafael Ahlskog'

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  1.  54
    Moral Enhancement Should Target Self-Interest and Cognitive Capacity.Rafael Ahlskog - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (3):363-373.
    Current suggestions for capacities that should be targeted for moral enhancement has centered on traits like empathy, fairness or aggression. The literature, however, lacks a proper model for understanding the interplay and complexity of moral capacities, which limits the practicability of proposed interventions. In this paper, I integrate some existing knowledge on the nature of human moral behavior and present a formal model of prosocial motivation. The model provides two important results regarding the most friction-free route to moral enhancement. First, (...)
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  2.  14
    Rafael Gutierrez Girardot.Rafael Gutiérrez Girardot - 2005 - Ideas Y Valores 54 (128).
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  3.  10
    Unpublished Documents Relating to Rafael Bombelli in the Archives of Bologna.S. A. Jayawardene & Rafael Bombelli - 1963 - Isis 54 (3):391-395.
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  4. Bioethics in Puerto Rico Jorge J. Ferrer, Std Rafael Ruiz-Quijano, Md, Facs Elena Lugo, Ph. D. Leonides Santos Y Vargas, Ph. D. [REVIEW]Rafael Ruiz-Quijano - 1989 - Hec Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues 8 (6):392-397.
     
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  5.  35
    RESEÑA de : Moreno, César, Lorenzo, Rafael. Mingo, Alicia de . Filosofía y realidad virtual. Zaragoza : Instituto de Estudios Turolenses.Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza, 2007. [REVIEW]Rafael Lorenzo Alquezar - 2008 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas 6:465.
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  6. Where Mathematics Comes From How the Embodied Mind Brings Mathematics Into Being.George Lakoff & Rafael E. Núñez - 2000
  7.  20
    The Influence of Practical Arithmetics on the Algebra of Rafael Bombelli.S. A. Jayawardene & Di Rafael Bombelli - 1973 - Isis 64 (4):510-523.
    Lists the practical problems found in the manuscript of Book III of the Algebra which were not included in the printed text. The author believes that their omission reflects the influence of Bombelli's discovery of Diophantus.
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  8. The Cultural Evolution of Methods in Philosophy of Science: Model & Data.Rafael Ventura - unknown
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  9.  26
    Visiones desde la tradición estética y filosófica para el mundo global –Diálogo entre Rafael Argullol y Tamara Djermanovic–.Tamara Djermanovic & Rafael Argullol Murgadas - 2014 - Universitas Philosophica 31 (62).
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  10. Supporting Human Autonomy in AI Systems.Rafael Calvo, Dorian Peters, Karina Vold & Richard M. Ryan - forthcoming - In Christopher Burr & Luciano Floridi (eds.), Ethics of Digital Well-being: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
    Autonomy has been central to moral and political philosophy for millenia, and has been positioned as a critical aspect of both justice and wellbeing. Research in psychology supports this position, providing empirical evidence that autonomy is critical to motivation, personal growth and psychological wellness. Responsible AI will require an understanding of, and ability to effectively design for, human autonomy (rather than just machine autonomy) if it is to genuinely benefit humanity. Yet the effects on human autonomy of digital experiences are (...)
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  11.  35
    Language‐Games and Relativism: On Cora Diamond's Reading of Peter Winch.Jonas Ahlskog & Olli Lagerspetz - 2015 - Philosophical Investigations 38 (4):293-315.
    We will look critically at three essays by Cora Diamond concerning Peter Winch's views on the possibility of communication and criticism between language-games. We briefly present our understanding of Winch's approach to philosophy. Then, we argue that Diamond misidentifies Winch's views, taking them to imply language-game relativism or linguistic idealism. When she does raise valid criticisms against language-game relativism, her critical points mainly coincide with things that Winch has already stressed in his own work. That leaves us with the question (...)
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  12.  32
    Imagination and Revision.Giuseppina D'Oro & Jonas Ahlskog - 2021 - In C. M. van den Akker (ed.), The Routledge Companion to History and Theory. Routledge. pp. 215-232.
    In this contribution we explore revisionists and anti-revisionists conceptions of the historical imagination. The focus will be on how these conceptions of the historical imagination determine how one ought to answer the question of whether or not it is in principle possible to know the past in its own terms rather than from the perspective of the present. The contrast that we are seeking to draw is that between a conception of the historical imagination which is revisionist in the sense (...)
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  13.  22
    The Leopard Does Not Change its Spots: Naturalism and the Argument Against Methodological Pluralism in the Sciences.Jonas Ahlskog & Giuseppina D'Oro - 2022 - In Adam Tuboli & Ákos Sivadó (eds.), The History of Understanding in Analytic Philosophy: Before and After Logical Empiricism. Bloomsbury. pp. 185-208.
    This paper sets out to undermine the view that a commitment to the early modern conception of the mind as immortalized in Ryle’s metaphor of the (Cartesian) ghost in the machine and in Quine’s metaphor of the (Lockean) myth of the museum is required to articulate a defence of the sui generis character of humanistic explanations. These powerful metaphors have not only contributed to undermining the claim for methodological pluralism by caricaturizing the arguments for disunity in the sciences; they have (...)
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  14.  21
    Is There Really an Evolved Capacity for Number?Rafael E. Núñez - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (6):409-424.
  15.  61
    With the Future Behind Them: Convergent Evidence From Aymara Language and Gesture in the Crosslinguistic Comparison of Spatial Construals of Time.Rafael E. Núñez & Eve Sweetser - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (3):401-450.
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  16.  18
    Embodied Collective Memory: The Making and Unmaking of Human Nature.Rafael F. Narvaez - 2012 - Embodied Collective Memory: The Making and Unmaking of Human Nature.
    The human body is not a given fact; it is not, as Descartes believed, a machine made up of flesh and bones. The body is acquired, achieved, and learned. It is thus full of mimetic and mnemonic implications. The body remembers, and it does so in collectively relevant ways. Gestures, corporeal and phonetic rhythms, affective idioms, and emotional styles perceptual, sensorial, motoric, and affective schemata are all largely learned in shared social contexts. These aspects of the embodied experience are often (...)
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  17.  72
    The Tangle of Space and Time in Human Cognition.Rafael Núñez & Kensy Cooperrider - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):220-229.
  18.  32
    Dwelling and Hospitality: Heidegger and Hölderlin.Rafael Winkler - 2017 - Research in Phenomenology 47 (3):366-387.
    _ Source: _Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 366 - 387 In this article, I focus on Heidegger’s conception of hospitality in his first and final lectures on Hölderlin’s _Germania_, _Remembrance_, and _The Ister_. I argue that the hospitality of the foreigner for Heidegger is the condition of possibility of dwelling understood as the happening of history.In the first section I analyze the notions of hospitality in Levinas and Derrida. The second section unpacks some of the senses of the earth in (...)
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  19.  44
    Beyond Narrativism: The Historical Past and Why It Can Be Known.J. Ahlskog & G. D'Oro - 2021 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 27 (1):5-33.
    This paper examines narrativism’s claim that the historical past cannot be known once and for all because it must be continuously re-described from the standpoint of the present. We argue that this claim is based on a non sequitur. We take narrativism’s claim that the past must be re-described continuously from the perspective of the present to be the result of the following train of thought: 1) “all knowledge is conceptually mediated”; 2) “the conceptual framework through which knowledge of reality (...)
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  20. Collingwood and the Philosophy of History: The Metaphilosophical Dimension.Jonas Ahlskog - 2018 - In Karim Dharamsi, Giuseppina D’Oro & Stephen Leach (eds.), Collingwood on Philosophical Methodology. Springer Verlag. pp. 209-227.
    In this chapter, Jonas Ahlskog examines R. G. Collingwood’s conception of the philosophy of history and its metaphilosophical import. Ahlskog shows that Collingwood’s philosophy of history is simultaneously both a descriptive metaphysics of history and an elucidation of the relation between historical and philosophical thought. As a descriptive metaphysics, Ahlskog argues that Collingwood’s account has an irreducible and underexplored role for contemporary issues in the philosophy of history. The metaphilosophical import of Collingwood’s philosophy of history is unpacked (...)
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  21. AGM-Like Paraconsistent Belief Change.Rafael R. Testa, Marcelo E. Coniglio & Marcio M. Ribeiro - 2017 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 25 (4):632-672.
    Two systems of belief change based on paraconsistent logics are introduced in this article by means of AGM-like postulates. The first one, AGMp, is defined over any paraconsistent logic which extends classical logic such that the law of excluded middle holds w.r.t. the paraconsistent negation. The second one, AGMo , is specifically designed for paraconsistent logics known as Logics of Formal Inconsistency (LFIs), which have a formal consistency operator that allows to recover all the classical inferences. Besides the three usual (...)
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  22. The Role of the Prefrontal Cortex in Conscious Perception: The Localist Perspective.Rafael Malach - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (7-8):93-114.
  23.  10
    For the Sciences They Are A‐Changin’: A Response to Commentaries on Núñez Et Al.'s (2019) “What Happened to Cognitive Science?”.Rafael Núñez, Michael Allen, Richard Gao, Carson Miller Rigoli, Josephine Relaford‐Doyle & Arturs Semenuks - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):790-803.
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  24.  31
    Heidegger and the Question of Man’s Poverty in World.Rafael Winkler - 2007 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (4):521 – 539.
    This article offers a new reading of Heidegger's thesis of the animal in The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics. Framing Heidegger's text through a brief analysis of Protagoras' genetic story of nature and of man's nature in Plato's eponymous dialogue, our reading brings out three key elements common to both texts: living nature as a normative rather than a physical order, the poverty of man's world in relation to the animal, and the attempted redemption of the latter through the acquisition of (...)
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  25.  13
    R. G. Collingwood and the Presence of the Past.Jonas Ahlskog - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (3):289-305.
  26.  54
    Corporate Social Responsibility as a Vehicle to Reveal the Corporate Identity: A Study Focused on the Websites of Spanish Financial Entities. [REVIEW]Rafael Bravo, Jorge Matute & José M. Pina - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):129-146.
    This study explores the relevance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) as an element of the corporate identity of Spanish financial institutions. Specifically, it aims to analyze the CSR actions developed by financial entities through the analysis of all the available information disclosed in their websites. A content analysis applied to 82 banking institutions, followed by different quantitative analyses, reveals the multidimensionality of CSR. Findings show that, while the number of entities institutionalizing CSR values as core elements of their identities is (...)
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  27.  6
    Emotion Regulation in Everyday Life: The Role of Goals and Situational Factors.Rafael Wilms, Ralf Lanwehr & Andreas Kastenmüller - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  28.  28
    Strategies for Teaching Professional Ethics to IT Engineering Degree Students and Evaluating the Result.Rafael Miñano, Ángel Uruburu, Ana Moreno-Romero & Diego Pérez-López - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):263-286.
    This paper presents an experience in developing professional ethics by an approach that integrates knowledge, teaching methodologies and assessment coherently. It has been implemented for students in both the Software Engineering and Computer Engineering degree programs of the Technical University of Madrid, in which professional ethics is studied as a part of a required course. Our contribution of this paper is a model for formative assessment that clarifies the learning goals, enhances the results, simplifies the scoring and can be replicated (...)
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  29.  50
    Contours of Time: Topographic Construals of Past, Present, and Future in the Yupno Valley of Papua New Guinea.Rafael Núñez, Kensy Cooperrider, D. Doan & Jürg Wassmann - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):25-35.
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  30.  5
    Peter Winch and the Autonomy of the Social Sciences.Jonas Ahlskog - 2022 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 52 (3):150-174.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 150-174, June 2022. This article offers a reassessment of the main import of Peter Winch’s philosophy of the social sciences. Critics argue that Winch presented a flawed methodology for the social sciences, while his supporters deny that Winch’s work is about methodology at all. Contrary to both, the author argues that Winch deals with fundamental questions about methodology, and that there is something substantial to learn from his account. Winch engages (...)
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  31. Humanidades Para El Siglo Xxi.Rafael Alvira & Kurt Spang (eds.) - 2006 - Ediciones Universidad de Navarra.
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  32. La Experiencia Social Del Tiempo.Rafael Alvira, Héctor Ghiretti & Montserrat Herrero López (eds.) - 2006 - Ediciones Universidad de Navarra.
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  33.  1
    The Silence of God.Rafael Gambra - 2014 - Intercollegiate Studies Institute.
    THE SILENCE OF GOD RAFAEL GAMBRA Translated by Rebecca Vitz Cherico The Tragedy of Modern Man In world of constant "progress," The Silence of God reminds us of the importance of the permanent things. In this wise and engaging book, the eminent Spanish philosopher Rafael Gambra chronicles the destructive effects of progressivism on human society. He demonstrates how the technological advances of the past five hundred years have given man a false sense of mastery?and a false sense that (...)
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  34. Facing the Sunrise: Cultural Worldview Underlying Intrinsic-Based Encoding of Absolute Frames of Reference in Aymara.Rafael E. Núñez & Carlos Cornejo - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):965-991.
    The Aymara of the Andes use absolute (cardinal) frames of reference for describing the relative position of ordinary objects. However, rather than encoding them in available absolute lexemes, they do it in lexemes that are intrinsic to the body: nayra (“front”) and qhipa (“back”), denoting east and west, respectively. Why? We use different but complementary ethnographic methods to investigate the nature of this encoding: (a) linguistic expressions and speech–gesture co-production, (b) linguistic patterns in the distinct regional Spanish-based variety Castellano Andino (...)
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  35.  62
    Intercultural Information Ethics.Rafael Capurro - 2008 - In Elizabeth A. Buchanan (ed.), Case Studies in Library and Information Science Ethics. Mcfarland & Co.. pp. 10.
  36. The Topography of High-Order Human Object Areas.Rafael Malach, Ifat Levy & Uri Hasson - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):176-184.
  37.  91
    Privacy. An Intercultural Perspective.Rafael Capurro - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (1):37-47.
    This paper deals with intercultural aspects of privacy, particularly with regard to differences between Japanese and Western conceptions. It starts with a reconstruction of the genealogy of Western subjectivity and human dignity as the basic assumptions underlying Western views on privacy. An analysis of the Western concept of informational privacy is presented. The Japanese topic of ‘‘denial of self” (Musi) as well as the concepts of Seken, Shakai and Ikai (as analyzed by the authors of the companion piece on privacy (...)
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  38.  7
    Platos Idee des Guten.Rafael Ferber - 2015 - Baden Baden: Academia Verlag.
    At the centre of the monograph (1984, first edition) lies a detailed interpretation and critique of the idea of the Good in the Republic. The main thesis of the interpretation runs as follows: The idea of the Good functions as a third item between thinking and being. The main purpose of the monograph is to introduce the systematic problem of the third item via the historical problem of the idea of the Good. The second, enlarged edition (1989) gives a new (...)
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  39. Paraconsistent Belief Revision Based on a Formal Consistency Operator.Rafael R. Testa, Marcelo E. Coniglio & Márcio M. Ribeiro - 2015 - CLE E-Prints 15 (8):01-11.
    In this paper two systems of AGM-like Paraconsistent Belief Revision are overviewed, both defined over Logics of Formal Inconsistency (LFIs) due to the possibility of defining a formal consistency operator within these logics. The AGM° system is strongly based on this operator and internalize the notion of formal consistency in the explicit constructions and postulates. Alternatively, the AGMp system uses the AGM-compliance of LFIs and thus assumes a wider notion of paraconsistency - not necessarily related to the notion of formal (...)
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  40. Towards an Ontological Foundation of Information Ethics.Rafael Capurro - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):175-186.
    The paper presents, firstly, a brief review of the long history\nof information ethics beginning with the Greek concept of parrhesia\nor freedom of speech as analyzed by Michel Foucault. The recent concept\nof information ethics is related particularly to problems which arose\nin the last century with the development of computer technology and\nthe internet. A broader concept of information ethics as dealing\nwith the digital reconstruction of all possible phenomena leads to\nquestions relating to digital ontology. Following Heidegger{\textquoteright}s\nconception of the relation between ontology and metaphysics, (...)
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  41.  11
    Logical Consistency in Simultaneous Statistical Test Procedures.Rafael Izbicki & Luís Gustavo Esteves - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (5):732-758.
  42.  25
    When Corporations Cause Harm: A Critical View of Corporate Social Irresponsibility and Corporate Crimes.Rafael Alcadipani & Cíntia Rodrigues de Oliveira Medeiros - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (2):285-297.
    Corporations perform actions that can inflict harm with different levels of intensity, from death to material loss, to both companies’ internal and external stakeholders. Research has analysed corporate harm using the notions of corporate social irresponsibility and corporate crime. Critical management studies have been subjecting management and organizational practices and knowledge to critical analysis, and corporate harm has been one of the main concerns of CMS. However, CMS has rarely been deployed to analyse CSIR and corporate crime. Thus, the aim (...)
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  43. Numbers and Arithmetic: Neither Hardwired Nor Out There.Rafael Núñez - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (1):68-83.
    What is the nature of number systems and arithmetic that we use in science for quantification, analysis, and modeling? I argue that number concepts and arithmetic are neither hardwired in the brain, nor do they exist out there in the universe. Innate subitizing and early cognitive preconditions for number— which we share with many other species—cannot provide the foundations for the precision, richness, and range of number concepts and simple arithmetic, let alone that of more complex mathematical concepts. Numbers and (...)
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  44.  8
    The Gongsun Longzi and Other Neglected Texts: Aligning Philosophical and Philological Perspectives.Rafael Suter, Lisa Indraccolo & Wolfgang Behr (eds.) - 2020 - De Gruyter.
    The Gongsun Longzi is often considered the only extant work of the Classical Chinese “School of Names”, an early intellectual tradition mainly concerned with logic and the philosophy of language. The Gongsun Longzi is a heterogeneous collection of five chapters that include short treatises and largely fictive dialogues between an anonymous persuader and his opponent, which typically revolve around a paradoxical claim. Its value as a testimony to Early Chinese philosophy, however, is somewhat controversial due to the intricate textual history (...)
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  45. Vårt praktiska och historiska förflutna.Jonas Ahlskog - 2017 - Ajatus 74 (1):399-406.
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  46.  22
    Benjamin McMyler, Testimony, Trust and Authority . Viii + 178, Price £40.00 Hb.Jonas Ahlskog - 2014 - Philosophical Investigations 37 (1):98-102.
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  47.  19
    The Crisis of Testimony in Historiography.Jonas Ahlskog - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 12 (1):48-70.
    _ Source: _Page Count 23 The essay examines the recent discussion about a “crisis of testimony” in historiography. Central to this discussion is the question of how it is possible for human testimony to convey information about the limit experiences of 20th century history. Given that the credibility of testimony is assessed by appealing to our previous understanding of what is credible, testimony to limit experiences risks being dismissed as unbelievable or implausible. This issue has recently been addressed in the (...)
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  48. Was Und Wie Hat Sokrates Gewusst.Rafael Ferber - 2007 - Elenchos 28 (1):5-40.
    The first part of the paper (p. 10-21) tries to answer the first question of the title and describes a set of seven “knowledge-claims” made by Socrates: 1. There is a distinction between right opinion and knowledge. 2. Virtue is knowledge. 3. Nobody willingly does wrong. 4. To do injustice is the greatest evil for the wrongdoer himself. 5. An even greater evil is if the wrongdoer is not punished. 6. The just person is happy; the unjust person is unhappy. (...)
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  49.  8
    The Ethos of History: Time and Responsibility, Edited by Stefan Helgesson and Jayne Svenungsson.Jonas Ahlskog - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 15 (1):125-127.
  50.  2
    Use of Data Mining to Determine Usage Patterns of an Online Evaluation Platform During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Rafael E. Reigal, José Luis Pastrana-Brincones, Sergio Luis González-Ruiz, Antonio Hernández-Mendo, Juan Pablo Morillo-Baro & Verónica Morales-Sánchez - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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