About this topic
Summary

This category comprises works written from a variety of different perspectives that explore a wide range of problems and arguments through the eyes of Latin American philosophers. Many of these works raise questions that are closely related to the history of Latin American thought and culture, including the reflections of Hispanic philosophers on issues of race, values, and their own ethnic and cultural identity. On the other hand, some of the questions that puzzle Latin American philosophers are the same ones that have bedeviled philosophers in the Western tradition (the nature of mind, God, justice, etc.).  In their attempts to answer questions of both sorts, Latin American philosophers have offered alternative perspectives that will be of interest to readers seeking to learn more about the history of philosophical ideas in the West, but also to those curious about some issues characteristic of Latin American thought.

Key works

A recurrent topic in Latin American philosophy is that of identity, understood in two different ways. One concerns the cultural, racial, and ethnic identity of Latin Americans and their descendants abroad, and on this subject an influential view is that proposed by Jorge Gracia in his “Is Being Hispanic an Identity?” (Garcia 2001). The other concerns the identity of Latin American philosophy as a distinctive kind of philosophy. On this topic, Susana Nuccetelli offers an overview of the main positions, together with her own proposal, in her “Is ‘Latin American Philosophy’ Philosophy?”  (Nuccetelli 2003). 

Introductions

There are some current collections of original sources in Latin American philosophy offering historical and thematic selections (for example, Gracia & Millán-Zaibert 2004 and Nuccetelli & Seay 2003). In these collections the reader will also find introductions by the editors that will provide some guidance through the discipline for those unfamiliar with it. For overviews of the main topics and arguments in Latin American philosophy, see the Blackwell Companion to Latin American Philosophy (Nuccetelli et al 2009). On the foundations of Latin American philosophy, see the forthcoming entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy by Susana Nuccetelli.

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  1. Filosofia em São Paulo.Miguel Reale - 1976 - São Paulo: Editorial Grijalbo.
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  2. A Revised Existentialist Look at the Americans.Juan Carlos Gonzalez - 2023 - Inter-American Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):36-51.
    Typically, existentialist analyses of “America” have been limited to North America (more specifically, the United States). I argue that developing an adequate framework for existentially analyzing America requires a turn to Mexican existentialism. In Emilio Uranga’s and Jorge Portilla’s writings, we discover new conceptual tools for understanding Americanness as such. These thinkers help us imagine an account of American being that does not restrict itself to the United States by using the concepts of existentialism to describe the crises their neighbors (...)
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  3. Voluntad de liberación: la filosofía de Ignacio Ellacuría.Héctor Samour - 2003 - Granada: Editorial Comares.
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  4. La filosofía en Colombia, modernidad y conflicto.V. Rodríguez & G. Manuel - 2003 - Rosario, Argentina: Laborde Editor.
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  5. Curso de física (1782).Cayetano José Rodríguez - 2003 - [Córdoba, Argentina]: Junta Provincial de Historia de Córdoba. Edited by Lértora Mendoza & Celina Ana.
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  6. Ocaso de una impostura: el fracaso del paradigma intelectualista en el Perú.Obando Morán & J. Octavio - 2003 - Lima, Perú: Fondo Editorial del Pedagógico San Marcos.
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  7. Diego de Avendaño, 1594-1698: filosofía, moralidad, derecho y política en el Perú colonial.Angel Muñoz Garcia - 2003 - Lima, Perú: Fondo Editorial, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.
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  8. Juan David García Bacca’s Reading of Transcendental Phenomenology. From Intentional Consciousness to Death-Fighting Consciousness.Jesús Guillermo Ferrer Ortega - 2023 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 12 (2):382-397.
    The Navarre-Venezuelan philosopher Juan David García Bacca is one of the most notable and original figures of Spanish-speaking thought, although his work has not yet received the attention it deserves. One of the pillars of his philosophy consists of what he calls a transfinite anthropology that considers man as an entity that strives to enhance his being. This anthropological approach is based on a phenomenology of nature that emphasizes the becoming and the transformations that man effects in the world. In (...)
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  9. Arturo Ardao: su filosofía política. Emancipación política y emancipación mental.Lía Berisso - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  10. La conexión de los tiempos : Arturo Ardao.Jorge Liberati - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  11. Pensar Nuestra América desde Uruguay y Uruguay desde nuestra América.Horacio Cerutti-Guldberg - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  12. Artur Ardao y la historia de los conceptos.Raquel García Bouzas - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  13. Apostillando: Arturo Ardao y la Krausología.Hugo E. Biagini - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  14. Inteligencia y emancipación humana. Una aproximación al pensamiento de Arturo Ardao.Yamandú Costa - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  15. Apuntes de la obra de Arturo Ardao para una ética de la inteligencia.Laura Vargas Mendonza - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  16. El pensamiento teórico de Arturo Ardao. Breves consideraciones.Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou - 2014 - In Arturo Ardao, Yamandú Acosta, Fernanda Diab, María Inés Moreno & Hugo E. Biagini (eds.), Arturo Ardao: a cien años de su nacimiento. Universidad de la República Uruguay.
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  17. La enseñanza universitaria de la filosofía a mediados del siglo XX : documentos y testimonios.María Victoria Santorsola - 2015 - In Lértora Mendoza & Celina Ana (eds.), La filosofía argentina en la segunda mitad del siglo XX: testimonios. Universidad Nacional del Sur.
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  18. Diego F. Pró en la Universidad de Cuyo.Celina A. Lértora Mendoza - 2015 - In Lértora Mendoza & Celina Ana (eds.), La filosofía argentina en la segunda mitad del siglo XX: testimonios. Universidad Nacional del Sur.
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  19. Ismael Quiles y la cultura argentina a través de la oralidad.Dulce María Santiago - 2015 - In Lértora Mendoza & Celina Ana (eds.), La filosofía argentina en la segunda mitad del siglo XX: testimonios. Universidad Nacional del Sur.
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  20. La filosofía astradiana a mediados del siglo XX.Raúl Domínguez - 2015 - In Lértora Mendoza & Celina Ana (eds.), La filosofía argentina en la segunda mitad del siglo XX: testimonios. Universidad Nacional del Sur.
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  21. La filosofía de la identidad en Eduardo Mallea.Raúl Iriarte - 2015 - In Lértora Mendoza & Celina Ana (eds.), La filosofía argentina en la segunda mitad del siglo XX: testimonios. Universidad Nacional del Sur.
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  22. História das ideias políticas de Pontes Miranda.Sérgio Coutinho dos Santos - 2019 - Maceió, Alagoas: Editora CESMAC.
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  23. Cosmovisão africana no Brasil: elementos para uma filosofia afrodescendente.Eduardo Oliveira - 2003 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Ape'Ku Editora e Produtora Ltda.
    Cosmovisão africana : a África antes da invasão européia -- Cosmovisão africana : a forma cultural africana no Brasil -- Cultura brasileira e afrodescendência : sobre o jogo das identidades e a política da africanidade no Brasil.
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  24. Ignacio Ellacuría: fraternidad solidaria.Marcela Brito de Butter - 2022 - [Barcelona]: Herder Editorial.
    This book is an invitation for the reader who wants to learn about the thought of this Jesuit, philosopher, theologian and martyr. The figure of Ignacio Ellacuría is fascinating because both his life and his death are the perfect example of his radical commitment to those most in need: the crucified people of the world. This is the hallmark of his rigorous, complex, and multidisciplinary intellectual legacy. Ellacuría's concerns cannot be understood without a careful look at his philosophical work. Although (...)
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  25. Algunos problemas que presenta el reclamo judicial por injusticias históricas. El caso de la Conquista del Desierto.Manuel Francisco Serrano & Ramón Sanz Ferramola - 2024 - Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos 35 (1):1-23.
    La mal llamada “Conquista del Desierto” constituyó una serie de campañas militares ocurridas en el actual territorio patagónico argentino entre los años 1878 y 1885 cuyo resultado fue el asesinato, la violación y sometimiento a la esclavitud de diversos pueblos y comunidades indígenas. Este no fue un caso aislado, sino que se suma a una serie de ataques sistemáticos que han sufrido los indígenas en la Argentina. En los últimos años, a raíz del reclamo y las luchas de los pueblos (...)
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  26. Proposiciones relativas al porvenir de la filosofía.José Ingenieros - 1918 - Buenos Aires,: Talleres gráficos argentinos de L. J. Rosso cía.
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  27. "Lo desconocido" en las ideas y en las instituciones.Arturo Orgaz - 1925 - Córdoba: [República argentina] Est. gráfico A. Biffignandi.
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  28. Fundamentos de la anterosofía (la ciencia que florece.Manuel Núñez Regueiro - 1925 - Buenos Aires,: Agencia general de librerías y publicaciones.
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  29. Obras.Pablo A. Vasconez - 1933 - Quito,:
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  30. Obras..Alejandro Korn - 1933 - La Plata: Tomás Palumbo.
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  31. El enigma de la realidad.Pedro Sonderéguer - 1941 - Buenos Aires,: Editorial Amazonas.
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  32. El sentido del vivir.José Andrés Orantes - 1941 - San Salvador: Edited by Celestino Castro.
    El sentido del vivir, conferencia por J.A. Orantes.--El sentido del vivir del profesor Orantes, respuesta dada al discurso del señor Orantes por Celestino Castro.
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  33. Incorporación del rector de la Universidad de Concepción.Enrique Molina - 1941 - Santiago de Chile: Talleres de la Editorial Nascimento. Edited by Claudio Rosales.
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  34. La unidad de la naturaleza.Evelino Leonardi - 1941 - Buenos Aires: Edited by A. Gregori.
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  35. Dios en la tierra.Manuel Carvalho Patulé - 1941 - Salto: [Talleres del diario "La República"].
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  36. Confesiones profesionales.José Gaos - 1958 - México: Tezontle. Edited by José Gaos & Vera Yamuni Tabush.
    Las confesiones profesionales de Jose Gaos (Espana, 1900-1969) cultivan un genero donde se conjugan relato y reflexion, exposicion filosofica y recuento autobiografico. Se trata de una exposicion organizada y sobre todo organica donde se pone en juego un trasvase de la vida de las ideas de Gaos.
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  37. Cartas e Elpidio (selección).Félix Varela Y. Morales - 1960 - Habana,: Ed. Lex.
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  38. El adversario y el compañero. Cuestiones animales.Jonathan Pimentel - 2020 - Revista Praxis 81 (1):1-31.
    El artículo presenta y discute dos recepciones contemporáneas de la idea de animal. En primer lugar, me ocupo de la concepción del animal como posible o efectivo adversario del ser humano. En seguida, trato con la idea según la cual los animales sintientes deben ser tratados, tanto afectiva como jurídicamente, como compañeros de los seres humanos. A partir de la consideración de las dos posiciones mencionadas planteo que, pese a sus diferencias, ambas están vinculadas por una metafísica de las capacidades (...)
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  39. Jorge Portilla on philosophy and agential liberation.Juan Garcia Torres - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    Jorge Portilla argues that authentic philosophical inquiry plays a liberating function. This function is that of bringing more fully to consciousness aspects of identities or ways of being‐in‐the world that have been, up until then, tacit or opaque to the agent herself to facilitate her endorsement, rejection, or modification of these identities. For Portilla, this function facilitates greater self‐mastery by increasing the range of free variations of subjectivity available to the agent, and this increase in self‐mastery itself constitutes a kind (...)
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  40. Existe una filosofia de nuestra América?Augusto Salazar Bondy - 1969 - México: Siglo Veintiuno Editores.
    Describe cómo ha sido el pensamiento hispanoamericano y si ha tenido una filosofía original; cómo debe ser la filosofía hispanoamericana si quiere lograr autenticidad, y se plantea si lo hispanoamericano debe o puede ser tema de reflexión filosófica.
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  41. The Theater of Knowledge at the Zero-Point as a Colonial Enterprise: Santiago Castro-Gomez’s Engagement with Kant.Paula Landerreche Cardillo - 2023 - Apa Studies in Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy 22 (2):2-5.
  42. Augusto Salazar Bondy on Latin American Philosophy: The “Culture of Domination” Thesis Reconsidered.Renzo Llorente - 2023 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 15 (1):58-70.
    One influential explanation for the apparent shortcomings of Latin American philosophy is the “culture of domination” thesis, defended by Augusto Salazar Bondy (1926–1974). According to Salazar Bondy, the ultimate source of the problems besetting Latin American philosophy was to be found in the “culture of domination” that characterized Latin America countries and decisively shaped the philosophical activity of the thinkers working in those countries. In defending his thesis, Salazar Bondy introduced a number of ideas that remain useful for understanding various (...)
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  43. María Lugones and the Value of Playfulness for World-Making.Ricardo Friaz - 2023 - Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy 23 (1):2-7.
    In this essay, I focus on Lugones’s relatively lesser explored notion of playfulness. I weigh in on the debate about whether playfulness is necessary for what Lugones calls “world-traveling,” which enables one to recognize another person as a full subject. I argue that although the attribute of playfulness may not be necessary for world-traveling, it is necessary for collaborative world-making––creating a new, shared world that is opened through the activity of play.
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  44. Filosofía y crisis.Alejandro Serrano Caldera - 1984 - Managua, Nicaragua: Editorial Nueva Nicaragua.
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  45. Persona, libertad y cultura.Ismael Quiles - 1984 - Buenos Aires: Ediciones Depalma.
    Libertad y cultura -- Persona y sociedad, hoy -- Libertad de enseñanza y enseñanza religiosa -- La libertad intelectual del filósofo católico -- Los católicos y la Unesco -- Universidad y cultura en Latinoamérica -- Autocrítica de la educación norteamericana.
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  46. Pensamiento filosófico y político.José Peralta - 1984 - [Quito]: Corporación Editora Nacional. Edited by Juan Cordero Iñiguez.
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  47. Hacia una filosofía latinoamericana.Carlos Ossandón B. - 1984 - [Santiago, Chile]: Nuestra América Ediciones.
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  48. Lógica, razón y humanismo: la obra filosófica de Francisco Miró Quesada C.: libro de homenaje por sus 70 años.Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias, David Sobrevilla & Domingo García Belaúnde (eds.) - 1992 - Lima: Universidad de Lima.
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  49. From “Whither” to “Whence”: A Decolonial Reading of Malabou.Rachel Cicoria - 2023 - Philosophies 8 (5):93-111.
    A turn from the “whither” to the “whence” of anarchism is at stake in Catherine Malabou’s interpretation of Latin American decolonial theory. This is a turn from a materialist philosophy that seeks to open the space of anarchism within the modern state toward one that discerns anarchism as already operative in the modern state given the social implications of colonial legacies. In tracing this turn, I propose a development of Malabou’s work insofar as I put her in dialogue with María (...)
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  50. Afro-Latinx, Hispanic and Latinx Identity: Understanding the Americas.Eric Bayruns Garcia - forthcoming - Critical Philosophy of Race:1 - 31.
    I present a novel position vis-à-vis the views in the Latin American philosophy literature regarding whether subjects more aptly use "Hispanic" or "Latinx" to refer to Hispanic- or-Latinx people. To this end, I will argue (C) the term "Afro-Latinx" is more apt than "Hispanic" or "Latinx" in a significant number of cases. This conclusion is based on three premises. The first premise (P1) is that use of "Afro-Latinx" provides subjects with understanding of how certain events depend on anti-Black racism, US (...)
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