Results for 'M. Alan'

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  1. Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
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  2.  70
    The Effects of Attitudinal and Demographic Factors on Intention to Buy Pirated CDs: The Case of Chinese Consumers.Kenneth K. Kwong, Oliver H. M. Yau, Jenny S. Y. Lee, Leo Y. M. Sin & C. B. Alan - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (3):223-235.
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  3.  9
    The Wollstonecraftian Mind.Alan M. S. J. Coffee, Sandrine Berges & Eileen Hunt Botting (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    There has been a rising interest in the study of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) in philosophy, political theory, literary studies and the history of political thought in recent decades. The Wollstonecraftian Mind seeks to provide a comprehensive survey of her work, not only placing it in its historical context but also exploring its contemporary significance. Comprising 38 chapters by a team of international contributors this handbook covers: the background to Wollstonecraft’s work Wollstonecraft’s major works the relationship between Wollstonecraft and other major (...)
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  4.  6
    Divine Independence and the Ontological Argument – A Reply to James M. Humber: ALAN G. NASSER.Alan G. Nasser - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (3):391-397.
    In a detailed and spirited critique, Professor James M. Humber has found my defence of the ontological argument unconvincing. Humber's case rests upon his claim that my ‘error’ is due to my ‘having accepted an incorrect definition of “physically necessary being” … ’. Now I do indeed claim that God must be conceived as a factuall necessary being, i.e. as eternally independent. I take the notion of God's aseity or eternal independence to be relatively straightforward and uncontroversial; it is accepted (...)
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  5.  40
    Pretense and Representation: The Origins of "Theory of Mind.".Alan M. Leslie - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):412-426.
  6. Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  7. Transcendence and the Sacred.Alan M. Olson & Leroy S. Rouner - 1981 - University of Notre Dame Press, C1981.
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  8.  29
    Domain Specificity in Conceptual Development: Neuropsychological Evidence From Autism.Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss - 1992 - Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
  9. Pretending and Believing: Issues in the Theory of ToMM.Alan M. Leslie - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):211-238.
  10. Modularity, Development and "Theory of Mind".Alan M. Leslie & Brian J. Scholl - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of develop- ment: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
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  11. Core Mechanisms in ‘Theory of Mind’.Alan M. Leslie, Ori Friedman & Tim P. German - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):528-533.
    Our ability to understand the thoughts and feelings of other people does not initially develop as a theory but as a mechanism. The ‘ theory of mind ’ mechanism is part of the core architecture of the human brain, and is specialized for learning about mental states. Impaired development of this mechanism can have drastic effects on social learning, seen most strikingly in the autistic spectrum disorders. ToMM kick-starts belief–desire attribution but effective reasoning about belief contents depends on a process (...)
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  12.  19
    Do Six-Month-Old Infants Perceive Causality?Alan M. Leslie & Stephanie Keeble - 1987 - Cognition 25 (3):265-288.
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  13.  24
    Ecrits: A Selection.M. E. Ragland Sullivan, Jacques Lacan & Alan Sheridan - 1978 - Substance 6 (21):166.
  14.  7
    A Reinforcement Model of Imprinting: Implications for Socialization in Monkeys and Men.Howard S. Hoffman & Alan M. Ratner - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (6):527-544.
  15.  16
    Prospects for a Cognitive Neuropsychology of Autism: Hobson's Choice.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):122-131.
  16.  90
    Indexing and the Object Concept: Developing `What' and `Where' Systems.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  17. Developmental Parallels in Understanding Minds and Bodies.Alan M. Leslie - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):459-462.
  18.  35
    Troy. General Introduction. The First and Second Settlements. By C. W. Blegen, J. L. Caskey, M. Rawson and J. Sperling. Volume 1. Part 1, Text. Part 2, Plates. Pp. Xxiv + 396 and Xxvii + 473 Plates. Princeton: University Press , 1950. . £11 15s. [REVIEW]Alan J. B. Wace, C. W. Blegen, J. L. Caskey, M. Rawson & J. Sperling - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:148-151.
  19. Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  20. Educating for Democracy: Paideia in an Age of Uncertainty.Alan M. Olson, David M. Steiner & Irina S. Tuuli (eds.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The central conflicts of the world today are closely related to cultural, traditional, and religious differences between nations. As we move to a globalized world, these differences often become magnified, entrenched, and the cause of bloody conflict. Growing out of a conference of distinguished scholars from the Middle East, Europe, and the United States, this volume is a singular contribution to mutual understanding and cooperative efforts on behalf of peace. The term paideia, drawn from Greek philosophy, has to do with (...)
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  21. The Generative Basis of Natural Number Concepts.Alan M. Leslie, Rochel Gelman & C. R. Gallistel - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):213-218.
    Number concepts must support arithmetic inference. Using this principle, it can be argued that the integer concept of exactly ONE is a necessary part of the psychological foundations of number, as is the notion of the exact equality - that is, perfect substitutability. The inability to support reasoning involving exact equality is a shortcoming in current theories about the development of numerical reasoning. A simple innate basis for the natural number concepts can be proposed that embodies the arithmetic principle, supports (...)
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  22.  1
    Reducing Bias Amplification in the Presence of Unmeasured Confounding Through Out-of-Sample Estimation Strategies for the Disease Risk Score.Richard Wyss, Mark Lunt, M. Alan Brookhart, Robert J. Glynn & Til Stürmer - 2014 - Journal of Causal Inference 2 (2).
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  23.  47
    Artırılmış Gerçeklik Uygulamaları Ve Grafik Tasarım Alanına Yansımaları.Armağan Gökçearslan - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 21):697-708.
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  24.  29
    The Social and Political Philosophy of Mary Wollstonecraft.Sandrine Bergès & Alan M. S. J. Coffee (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Interest in the contribution made by women to the history of philosophy is burgeoning. At the forefront of this revival is Mary Wollstonecraft. While she has long been studied by feminists, and later discovered by political scientists, philosophers themselves have only recently begun to recognise the value of her work for their discipline. This volume brings together new essays from leading scholars, which explore Wollstonecraft's range as a moral and political philosopher of note, both taking a historical perspective and applying (...)
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  25. Can Automatic Calculating Machines Be Said to Think?M. H. A. Newman, Alan M. Turing, Geoffrey Jefferson, R. B. Braithwaite & S. Shieber - 2004 - In Stuart M. Shieber (ed.), The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence. MIT Press.
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  26. Transgressors, Victims, and Cry Babies: Is Basic Moral Judgment Spared in Autism?Alan M. Leslie & Ron Mallon - 2006 - Social Neuroscience 1:270283.
    Human social intelligence comprises a wide range of complex cognitive and affective processes that appear to be selectively impaired in autistic spectrum disorders. The study of these neuro- developmental disorders and the study of canonical social intelligence have advanced rapidly over the last twenty years by investigating the two together. Specifically, studies of autism have provided important insights into the nature of ‘theory of mind’ abilities, their normal development and underlying neural systems. At the same time, the idea of impaired (...)
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  27. Mary Wollstonecraft, Freedom and the Enduring Power of Social Domination.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (2):116-135.
    Even long after their formal exclusion has come to an end, members of previously oppressed social groups often continue to face disproportionate restrictions on their freedom, as the experience of many women over the last century has shown. Working within in a framework in which freedom is understood as independence from arbitrary power, Mary Wollstonecraft provides an explanation of why such domination may persist and offers a model through which it can be addressed. Republicans rely on processes of rational public (...)
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  28.  52
    Three Philosophers.Alan Donagan, G. E. M. Anscombe & P. T. Geach - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (3):399.
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  29.  58
    Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Alan Ross Anderson & Kenneth M. Sayre - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):387.
  30.  11
    The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings.Raja Halwani, Alan Soble, Sarah Hoffman & Jacob M. Held (eds.) - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This best-selling volume examines the nature, morality, and social meanings of contemporary sexual phenomena. Updated and new discussion questions offer students starting points for debate in both the classroom and the bedroom.
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  31.  76
    Neuroeconomics: Cross-Currents in Research on Decision-Making.Alan G. Sanfey, George Loewenstein, Samuel M. McClure & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):108-116.
  32. How to Acquire a 'Representational Theory of Mind'.Alan M. Leslie - 2000 - In Dan Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Oxford University Press. pp. 197--223.
  33. Confirmation.Alan Hájek & James M. Joyce - 2008 - In S. Psillos & M. Curd (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    Confirmation theory is intended to codify the evidential bearing of observations on hypotheses, characterizing relations of inductive “support” and “counter­support” in full generality. The central task is to understand what it means to say that datum E confirms or supports a hypothesis H when E does not logically entail H.
     
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  34. [Sur les Schémas d'Axiomes Pour les Calculs Propositionnels À M Valeurs Ayant des Valeurs Surdésignées.Alan Rose - 1960 - [S.N.].
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  35. Two Spheres of Domination: Republican Theory, Social Norms and the Insufficiency of Negative Freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2015 - Contemporary Political Theory 14 (1):45-62.
    Republicans understand freedom as the guaranteed protection against any arbitrary use of coercive power. This freedom is exercised within a political community, and the concept of arbitrariness is defined with reference to the actual ideas of its citizens about what is in their shared interests. According to many current defenders of the republican model, this form of freedom is understood in strictly negative terms representing an absence of domination. I argue that this assumption is misguided. First, it is internally inconsistent. (...)
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  36.  50
    The Impact of Guanxi on the Ethical Decision-Making Process of Auditors – an Exploratory Study on Chinese CPAs in Hong Kong.Alan K. M. Au & Danny S. N. Wong - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (1):87 - 93.
    Using professional accountants as respondents in Hong Kong, this study strives to develop a model to depict the effect of ethical reasoning on the relationships between guanxi and auditors; behaviour in an audit conflict situation. The results of the study found that (1) there is a significant relationship between an auditor's ethical judgement and one's moral cognitive development; (2) there is a relationship between an auditor's ethical judgement and the existence of guanxi; and (3) the impact of guanxi on an (...)
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  37.  12
    A Re‐Evaluation of Story Grammars.Alan M. Frisch & Donald Perlis - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (1):79-86.
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  38. Student Privacy in Learning Analytics: An Information Ethics Perspective.Alan Rubel & Kyle M. L. Jones - 2016 - The Information Society 32 (2):143-159.
    In recent years, educational institutions have started using the tools of commercial data analytics in higher education. By gathering information about students as they navigate campus information systems, learning analytics “uses analytic techniques to help target instructional, curricular, and support resources” to examine student learning behaviors and change students’ learning environments. As a result, the information educators and educational institutions have at their disposal is no longer demarcated by course content and assessments, and old boundaries between information used for assessment (...)
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  39.  7
    Modern French Philosophy.Alan M. Olson - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 15 (3):173-179.
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  40. A Radical Revolution in Thought: Frederick Douglass on the Slave’s Perspective on Republican Freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2020 - In Bruno Leipold, Karma Nabulsi & Stuart White (eds.), Radical Republicanism: Recovering the Tradition's Popular Heritage. Oxford, UK: pp. 47-64.
    While the image of the slave as the antithesis of the freeman is central to republican freedom, it is striking to note that slaves themselves have not contributed to how this condition is understood. The result is a one-sided conception of both freedom and slavery, which leaves republicanism unable to provide an equal and robust protection for historically outcast people. I draw on the work of Frederick Douglass – long overlooked as a significant contributor to republican theory – to show (...)
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  41.  3
    Indexing and the Object Concept:” What” and” Where” in Infancy.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  42.  82
    Freedom as Independence: Mary Wollstonecraft and the Grand Blessing of Life.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2013 - Hypatia (1):908-924.
    Independence is a central and recurring theme in Wollstonecraft’s work. Independence should not be understood as an individualistic ideal that is in tension with the value of community but as an essential ingredient in successful and flourishing social relationships. I examine three aspects of this rich and complex concept that Wollstonecraft draws on as she develops her own notion of independence as a powerful feminist tool. First, independence is an egalitarian ideal that requires that all individuals, regardless of sex, are (...)
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  43.  29
    The Improvement of Mankind. The Social and Political Thought of John Stuart Mill.Alan Ryan & John M. Robson - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (77):360.
  44.  13
    Freedom as Independence: Mary Wollstonecraft and the Grand Blessing of Life.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):908-924.
    Independence is a central and recurring theme in Mary Wollstonecraft's work. Independence should not be understood as an individualistic ideal that is in tension with the value of community but as an essential ingredient in successful and flourishing social relationships. I examine three aspects of this rich and complex concept that Wollstonecraft draws on as she develops her own notion of independence as a powerful feminist tool. First, independence is an egalitarian ideal that requires that all individuals, regardless of sex, (...)
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  45. Anytime Deduction for Probabilistic Logic.Alan M. Frisch & Peter Haddawy - 1994 - Artificial Intelligence 69 (1-2):93-122.
  46.  14
    The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings.Raja Halwani, Alan Soble, Sarah Hoffman & Jacob M. Held (eds.) - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This best-selling volume examines the nature, morality, and social meanings of contemporary sexual phenomena. Updated and new discussion questions offer students starting points for debate in both the classroom and the bedroom.
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  47.  1
    Rhetorical Hermeneutics: Invention and Interpretation in the Age of Science.Alan G. Gross & William M. Keith - 1997 - SUNY Press.
    Examines the nature of rhetorical theory and criticism, the rhetoric of science, and the impact of poststructuralism and postmodernism on contemporary accounts of rhetoric.
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  48.  3
    The Physician as Captain of the Ship a Critical Reappraisal.N. M. King, L. R. Churchill & Alan W. Cross - 1987 - Springer.
    "The fixed person for fixed duties, who in older societies was such a godsend, in the future ill be a public danger." Twenty years ago, a single legal metaphor accurately captured the role that American society accorded to physicians. The physician was "c- tain of the ship." Physicians were in charge of the clinic, the Operating room, and the health care team, responsible - and held accountabl- for all that happened within the scope of their supervision. This grant of responsibility (...)
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  49.  6
    [Book Review] the New York Intellectuals, the Rise and Decline of the Anti-Stalinist Left: From the 1930s to the 1980s. [REVIEW]Alan M. Wald - 1989 - Science and Society 53 (3):357-359.
  50.  9
    David Buehler, M. Div., MA, is Coordinator of the Bioethics Committee and Director of Pastoral Care, Charlton Memorial Hospital, Fall River, Massachusetts Eileen R. Chichin, DSW, RN, is Coordinator at The Kathy and Alan C. Green-Berg Center on Ethics in Geriatrics and Long-Term Care, The Jewish Home and Hospital for Aged, New York, New York. [REVIEW]R. Muriel & M. D. Gillick - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4:129-130.
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