Results for 'M. Alan'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  76
    The effects of attitudinal and demographic factors on intention to buy pirated CDs: The case of Chinese consumers.Kenneth K. Kwong, Oliver H. M. Yau, Jenny S. Y. Lee, Leo Y. M. Sin & C. B. Alan - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (3):223-235.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  2. Computing machinery and intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
    Direct download (18 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   993 citations  
  3.  67
    Pretense and representation: The origins of "theory of mind.".Alan M. Leslie - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):412-426.
  4. Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   582 citations  
  5.  34
    Domain specificity in conceptual development: Neuropsychological evidence from autism.Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss - 1992 - Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
  6. Pretending and believing: issues in the theory of ToMM.Alan M. Leslie - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):211-238.
  7.  26
    Do six-month-old infants perceive causality?Alan M. Leslie & Stephanie Keeble - 1987 - Cognition 25 (3):265-288.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   183 citations  
  8. Modularity, development and "theory of mind".Alan M. Leslie & Brian J. Scholl - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of develop- ment: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   111 citations  
  9.  19
    Prospects for a cognitive neuropsychology of autism: Hobson's choice.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):122-131.
  10.  34
    Ecrits: A Selection.M. E. Ragland Sullivan, Jacques Lacan & Alan Sheridan - 1978 - Substance 6 (21):166.
  11.  24
    An evaluation of educational outreach to improve evidence‐based prescribing in Medicaid: a cautionary tale.Alan J. Zillich, Ronald T. Ackermann, Timothy E. Stump, Roberta J. Ambuehl, Steven M. Downs, Ann M. Holmes, Barry Katz & Thomas S. Inui - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):854-860.
  12.  94
    Indexing and the object concept: developing `what' and `where' systems.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  13.  7
    Indexing and the object concept:” what” and” where” in infancy.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  14. The generative basis of natural number concepts.Alan M. Leslie, Rochel Gelman & C. R. Gallistel - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):213-218.
    Number concepts must support arithmetic inference. Using this principle, it can be argued that the integer concept of exactly ONE is a necessary part of the psychological foundations of number, as is the notion of the exact equality - that is, perfect substitutability. The inability to support reasoning involving exact equality is a shortcoming in current theories about the development of numerical reasoning. A simple innate basis for the natural number concepts can be proposed that embodies the arithmetic principle, supports (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  15.  77
    Three Philosophers.Alan Donagan, G. E. M. Anscombe & P. T. Geach - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (3):399.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  16. How to acquire a 'representational theory of mind'.Alan M. Leslie - 2000 - In Dan Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Oxford University Press. pp. 197--223.
  17. Can automatic calculating machines be said to think?M. H. A. Newman, Alan M. Turing, Geoffrey Jefferson, R. B. Braithwaite & S. Shieber - 2004 - In Stuart M. Shieber (ed.), The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence. MIT Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  18. Transgressors, victims, and cry babies: Is basic moral judgment spared in autism?Alan M. Leslie & Ron Mallon - 2006 - Social Neuroscience 1:270283.
    Human social intelligence comprises a wide range of complex cognitive and affective processes that appear to be selectively impaired in autistic spectrum disorders. The study of these neuro- developmental disorders and the study of canonical social intelligence have advanced rapidly over the last twenty years by investigating the two together. Specifically, studies of autism have provided important insights into the nature of ‘theory of mind’ abilities, their normal development and underlying neural systems. At the same time, the idea of impaired (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  19.  62
    Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Alan Ross Anderson & Kenneth M. Sayre - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):387.
  20.  80
    Neuroeconomics: cross-currents in research on decision-making.Alan G. Sanfey, George Loewenstein, Samuel M. McClure & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):108-116.
  21. Mary Wollstonecraft, Freedom and the Enduring Power of Social Domination.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (2):116-135.
    Even long after their formal exclusion has come to an end, members of previously oppressed social groups often continue to face disproportionate restrictions on their freedom, as the experience of many women over the last century has shown. Working within in a framework in which freedom is understood as independence from arbitrary power, Mary Wollstonecraft provides an explanation of why such domination may persist and offers a model through which it can be addressed. Republicans rely on processes of rational public (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  22.  9
    Modern French Philosophy.Alan M. Olson - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 15 (3):173-179.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  23. Confirmation.Alan Hájek & James M. Joyce - 2008 - In S. Psillos & M. Curd (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    Confirmation theory is intended to codify the evidential bearing of observations on hypotheses, characterizing relations of inductive “support” and “counter­support” in full generality. The central task is to understand what it means to say that datum E confirms or supports a hypothesis H when E does not logically entail H.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  24. Two spheres of domination: Republican theory, social norms and the insufficiency of negative freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2015 - Contemporary Political Theory 14 (1):45-62.
    Republicans understand freedom as the guaranteed protection against any arbitrary use of coercive power. This freedom is exercised within a political community, and the concept of arbitrariness is defined with reference to the actual ideas of its citizens about what is in their shared interests. According to many current defenders of the republican model, this form of freedom is understood in strictly negative terms representing an absence of domination. I argue that this assumption is misguided. First, it is internally inconsistent. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  25.  17
    A Re‐Evaluation of Story Grammars.Alan M. Frisch & Donald Perlis - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (1):79-86.
    Black and Wilensky (1979) have made serious methodological errors in analyzing story grammars, and in the process they have committed additional errors in applying formal language theory. Our arguments involve clarifying certain aspects of knowledge representation crucial to a proper treatment of story understanding.Particular criticisms focus on the following shortcomings of their presentation: 1) an erroneous statement from formal language theory, 2) misapplication of formal language theory to story grammars, 3) unsubstantiated and doubtful analogies with English grammar, 4) various non (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  26.  53
    The impact of guanxi on the ethical decision-making process of auditors – an exploratory study on chinese CPAs in Hong Kong.Alan K. M. Au & Danny S. N. Wong - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (1):87 - 93.
    Using professional accountants as respondents in Hong Kong, this study strives to develop a model to depict the effect of ethical reasoning on the relationships between guanxi and auditors; behaviour in an audit conflict situation. The results of the study found that (1) there is a significant relationship between an auditor's ethical judgement and one's moral cognitive development; (2) there is a relationship between an auditor's ethical judgement and the existence of guanxi; and (3) the impact of guanxi on an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  27.  29
    Metarepresentation and autism: How not to lose one's marbles.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1987 - Cognition 27 (3):291-294.
  28.  23
    Freedom as Independence: Mary Wollstonecraft and the Grand Blessing of Life.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):908-924.
    Independence is a central and recurring theme in Mary Wollstonecraft's work. Independence should not be understood as an individualistic ideal that is in tension with the value of community but as an essential ingredient in successful and flourishing social relationships. I examine three aspects of this rich and complex concept that Wollstonecraft draws on as she develops her own notion of independence as a powerful feminist tool. First, independence is an egalitarian ideal that requires that all individuals, regardless of sex, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  29. Knowledge and ability in "theory of mind": A one-eyed overview of a debate.Alan M. Leslie & T. P. German - 1995 - In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell. pp. 123--151.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  30. Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   640 citations  
  31.  4
    Anytime deduction for probabilistic logic.Alan M. Frisch & Peter Haddawy - 1994 - Artificial Intelligence 69 (1-2):93-122.
  32.  3
    Hegel and the Spirit: Philosophy as Pneumatology.Alan M. Olson - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    Hegel and the Spirit explores the meaning of Hegel's grand philosophical category, the category of Geist, by way of what Alan Olson terms a pneumatological thesis. Hegel's philosophy of spirit, according to Olson, is a speculative pneumatology that completes what Adolf von Harnack once called the "orphan doctrine" in Christian theology--the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Olson argues that Hegel's development of philosophy as pneumatology originates out of a deep appreciation of Luther's dialectical understanding of Spirit and that Hegel's (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33.  98
    Freedom as Independence: Mary Wollstonecraft and the Grand Blessing of Life.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2013 - Hypatia (1):908-924.
    Independence is a central and recurring theme in Wollstonecraft’s work. Independence should not be understood as an individualistic ideal that is in tension with the value of community but as an essential ingredient in successful and flourishing social relationships. I examine three aspects of this rich and complex concept that Wollstonecraft draws on as she develops her own notion of independence as a powerful feminist tool. First, independence is an egalitarian ideal that requires that all individuals, regardless of sex, are (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  34.  2
    Personal Experiences of Research Misconduct and the Response of Individual Academic Scientists.Alan E. Bayer & John M. Braxton - 1996 - Science, Technology and Human Values 21 (2):198-213.
    From a national U.S. sample of senior academic biochemists, ninety-four indicated that they personally knew of an incident of scientific wrongdoing. Among these individuals, less formal actions against an offending individual were endorsed when either actions were believed to have the potential to publicly embarrass the offending individual, or the actions might adversely affect the professional career of the whistleblower. These relationships remain significant after controlling for professional status, career age, and current level of formal departmental administrative responsibility. Study limitations (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  35. Student Privacy in Learning Analytics: An Information Ethics Perspective.Alan Rubel & Kyle M. L. Jones - 2016 - The Information Society 32 (2):143-159.
    In recent years, educational institutions have started using the tools of commercial data analytics in higher education. By gathering information about students as they navigate campus information systems, learning analytics “uses analytic techniques to help target instructional, curricular, and support resources” to examine student learning behaviors and change students’ learning environments. As a result, the information educators and educational institutions have at their disposal is no longer demarcated by course content and assessments, and old boundaries between information used for assessment (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36.  32
    The Improvement of Mankind. The Social and Political Thought of John Stuart Mill.Alan Ryan & John M. Robson - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (77):360.
  37. A Radical Revolution in Thought: Frederick Douglass on the Slave’s Perspective on Republican Freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2020 - In Bruno Leipold, Karma Nabulsi & Stuart White (eds.), Radical Republicanism: Recovering the Tradition's Popular Heritage. Oxford, UK: pp. 47-64.
    While the image of the slave as the antithesis of the freeman is central to republican freedom, it is striking to note that slaves themselves have not contributed to how this condition is understood. The result is a one-sided conception of both freedom and slavery, which leaves republicanism unable to provide an equal and robust protection for historically outcast people. I draw on the work of Frederick Douglass – long overlooked as a significant contributor to republican theory – to show (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  5
    Rhetorical Hermeneutics: Invention and Interpretation in the Age of Science.Alan G. Gross & William M. Keith - 1997 - SUNY Press.
    Examines the nature of rhetorical theory and criticism, the rhetoric of science, and the impact of poststructuralism and postmodernism on contemporary accounts of rhetoric.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  39. Hegel and the Spirit: Philosophy as Pneumatology.Alan M. Olson & A. M. Olsen - 1992 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 35 (1):62-64.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  40. Fits, Passions, and Paroxysms: Physics, Method and Chemistry and Newton's Theories of Coloured Bodies and Fits of Easy Reflection.Alan E. Shapiro & M. J. Duck - 1994 - Annals of Science 51 (5):562-563.
  41. Transcendence and Hermeneutics: An Interpretation of the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Alan M. Olson - 1982 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (4):243-244.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  42.  32
    Management-science and business-ethics.Alan E. Singer & M. S. Singer - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):385-395.
    Many leading management scientists have advocated ethicalism: the incorporation of social and ethical concerns into traditional "rational" OR-MS techniques and management decisions. In fact, elementary forms of decision analysis can readily be augmented, using ethical theory, in ways that sweep in ethical issues. In addition, alternative conceptual models of Decision-Analysis, Game-Theory and Optimality are now available, all of which have brought OR-MS and Business-Ethics into a closer alignment.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  43.  5
    The substitutional framework for sorted deduction: Fundamental results on hybrid reasoning.Alan M. Frisch - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 49 (1-3):161-198.
  44. Independence as Relational Freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2018 - In Sandrine Berges & Siani Alberto (eds.), Women Philosophers on Autonomy. London, UK: pp. 94-112.
    In spite of its everyday connotations, the term independence as republicans understand it is not a celebration of individualism or self-reliance but embodies an acknowledgement of the importance of personal and social relationships in people’s lives. It reflects our connectedness rather than separateness and is in this regard a relational ideal. Properly understood, independence is a useful concept in addressing a fundamental problem in social philosophy that has preoccupied theorists of relational autonomy, namely how to reconcile the idea of individual (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  19
    Hegel and the Spirit: Philosophy as Pneumatology.Alan M. Olson (ed.) - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    Hegel and the Spirit explores the meaning of Hegel's grand philosophical category, the category of Geist, by way of what Alan Olson terms a pneumatological thesis. Hegel's philosophy of spirit, according to Olson, is a speculative pneumatology that completes what Adolf von Harnack once called the "orphan doctrine" in Christian theology--the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Olson argues that Hegel's development of philosophy as pneumatology originates out of a deep appreciation of Luther's dialectical understanding of Spirit and that Hegel's (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. Transcendence and Hermeneutics, An Interpretation of the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Alan M. Olson - 1981 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 43 (2):390-391.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47.  4
    Companion Animals and Their Companions: Sharing a Strategy for Survival.Alan M. Beck - 1999 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 19 (4):281-285.
    It is well documented that people denied good human contact and interaction do not thrive well. One way people can be protected from the ravages of loneliness is animal companionship. Early laboratory observations of people with animals encouraged a period of research to identify, document, and assess the beneficial health implications of our relationship with companion animals. All indications are that companion animals play the role of a family member, often a member with the most desired attributes. Ordinary interactions with (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48.  6
    Transcendence and hermeneutics: an interpretation of the philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Alan M. Olson - 1979 - Boston: M. Nijhoff.
    ''The problem of Transcendence is the problem of our time. " I Needless to say, Transcendence was a particularly lively i~sue when Karl Heim wrote these words in the mid-1930's. Within the province of philosophi cal theology and philosophy of religion, however, it is always the prob lem, as Gordon Kaufman has recently reminded us. 2Por the question concerning the nature and the reality of Transcendence has not only to do with self-transcendence, but with the being of Transcendence-Itself, that is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  49.  12
    Metamemory appraisals in autobiographical event recall.Alan Scoboria, Jennifer M. Talarico & Lisa Pascal - 2015 - Cognition 136:337-349.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50.  22
    The Wollstonecraftian Mind.Alan M. S. J. Coffee, Sandrine Berges & Eileen Hunt Botting (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    There has been a rising interest in the study of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) in philosophy, political theory, literary studies and the history of political thought in recent decades. The Wollstonecraftian Mind seeks to provide a comprehensive survey of her work, not only placing it in its historical context but also exploring its contemporary significance. Comprising 38 chapters by a team of international contributors this handbook covers: the background to Wollstonecraft’s work Wollstonecraft’s major works the relationship between Wollstonecraft and other major (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000