Results for 'Geoffrey Jefferson'

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  1. Can automatic calculating machines be said to think?M. H. A. Newman, Alan M. Turing, Geoffrey Jefferson, R. B. Braithwaite & S. Shieber - 2004 - In Stuart M. Shieber (ed.), The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence. MIT Press.
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  2.  78
    Academic medicine in Manchester: the careers of Geoffrey Jefferson, Harry Platt and John Stopford, 1914-39.Stella Butler - 2005 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 87 (1):133-154.
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  3.  1
    Thought experiments in the Jefferson-Turing controversy: A Kuhnian perspective.Pío García - 2024 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 39 (1):43-65.
    In this article we propose an analysis of the controversy between Geoffrey Jefferson and Alan Turing in terms of a Kuhnian account of thought experiments. In this account, the main task is not to evaluate intuitions or (only) to rearrange concepts. Instead, we propose that the main task is to construct scenarios by proposing relevant experiences in which shared assumptions and conflicting lines of inquiry can be made explicit. From this perspective, we can understand the arguments and assumptions (...)
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  4. Can machines think? The controversy that led to the Turing test.Bernardo Gonçalves - 2023 - AI and Society 38 (6):2499-2509.
    Turing’s much debated test has turned 70 and is still fairly controversial. His 1950 paper is seen as a complex and multilayered text, and key questions about it remain largely unanswered. Why did Turing select learning from experience as the best approach to achieve machine intelligence? Why did he spend several years working with chess playing as a task to illustrate and test for machine intelligence only to trade it out for conversational question-answering in 1950? Why did Turing refer to (...)
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  5.  46
    A non-nativist account of language universals.Geoffrey Sampson - 1979 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (1):99 - 104.
  6. The many moral realisms.Geoffrey Sayre-McCord - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (S1):1-22.
  7. The Form of Language.Geoffrey Sampson - 1977 - Mind 86 (343):463-466.
     
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  8. Liberty and Language.Geoffrey Sampson - 1980 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 42 (4):837-837.
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  9.  23
    Educating Eve: The 'language Instinct' Debate.Geoffrey Sampson - 1997 - Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
    A different picture of learning is suggested by Karl Popper's account of knowledge growing through 'conjectures and refutations'. The facts of human language are best explained by taking language acquisition to be a case of Popperian learning.
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  10. Liberty and Language.Geoffrey Sampson - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):416-419.
     
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  11. Structuralism without structures.Hellman Geoffrey - 1996 - Philosophia Mathematica 4 (2):100-123.
    Recent technical developments in the logic of nominalism make it possible to improve and extend significantly the approach to mathematics developed in Mathematics without Numbers. After reviewing the intuitive ideas behind structuralism in general, the modal-structuralist approach as potentially class-free is contrasted broadly with other leading approaches. The machinery of nominalistic ordered pairing (Burgess-Hazen-Lewis) and plural quantification (Boolos) can then be utilized to extend the core systems of modal-structural arithmetic and analysis respectively to full, classical, polyadic third- and fourthorder number (...)
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  12. An Effective Paradigm for Conditioning Visual Perception in Human Subjects.Peter Davies, Geoffrey Davies, Bennett L. & Spencer - 1982 - Perception 11 (6):663–669.
     
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  13.  47
    Plausible Worlds: Possibility and Understanding in History and the Social Sciences.Geoffrey Hawthorn - 1991 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Possibilities haunt history. The force of our explanations of events turns on the alternative possibilities these explanations suggest. It is these possible worlds which give us our understanding; and in human affairs we decide them by practical rather than theoretical judgement. In his widely acclaimed account of the role of counterfactuals in explanation, Geoffrey Hawthorn deploys extended examples from history and modern times to defend his argument. His conclusions cast doubt on existing assumptions about the nature and place of (...)
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  14.  8
    The Presocratic Philosophers. A Critical History with a Selection of Texts.Geoffrey Stephen Kirk & John Earle Raven - 1983 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by J. E. Raven & Malcolm Schofield.
    A history of the pre-Socratic philosophers, with selected writings and texts.
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  15.  39
    Chomsky's evidence against Chomsky's theory.Geoffrey Sampson - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):34-35.
  16.  74
    The ‘Constitutive Thought’ of Regret.Geoffrey Scarre - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (5):569-585.
    In this paper I defend and develop Bernard Williams’ claim that the ‘constitutive thought’ of regret is ‘something like “how much better if it had been otherwise”’. An introductory section on cognitivist theories of emotion is followed by a detailed investigation of the concept of ‘agent-regret’ and of the ways in which the ‘constitutive thought’ might be articulated in different situations in which agents acknowledge casual responsibility for bringing about undesirable outcomes. Among problematic cases discussed are those in which agents (...)
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  17.  10
    In the Beginning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in Political Argument.Geoffrey Hawthorn (ed.) - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    Bernard Williams is remembered as one of the most brilliant and original philosophers of the past fifty years. Widely respected as a moral philosopher, Williams began to write about politics in a sustained way in the early 1980s. There followed a stream of articles, lectures, and other major contributions to issues of public concern--all complemented by his many works on ethics, which have important implications for political theory.This new collection of essays, most of them previously unpublished, addresses many of the (...)
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  18.  64
    What Music Teaches about Emotion.Geoffrey Madell - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (275):63 - 82.
    It is a remarkable feature of most contemporary discussions of emotion that they have been conducted without any reference to what it could mean to talk of the expression of emotion in music. This is a crucial absence, I shall argue, since a proper understanding of music's expression of emotion must lead to a correct view of the nature of emotion itself. Such an understanding will yield the view that emotion is a state of consciousness which is both intentional and (...)
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  19. The theory of polarity.Geoffrey Sainsbury - 1927 - New York,: G. P. Putnam.
     
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  20.  8
    Against Base Co-ordination.Geoffrey Sampson - 1974 - Foundations of Language 12 (1):117-125.
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  21.  40
    An empirical hypothesis about natural semantics.Geoffrey Sampson - 1976 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (2):209 - 236.
    Chomsky has constructed an empirical theory about syntactic universals of natural language by defining a class of 'possible languages' which includes all natural languages (inter alia) as members, and claiming that all natural languages fall .within a specified proper subset of that class. I extend Chomsky's work to produce an empirical theory about natural4anguage semantic universals by showing that the semantic description of a language will incorporate a logical calculus, by defining a relatively wide class of 'possible calculi', and by (...)
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  22.  15
    An Equivocation in an Argument for Generative Semantics.Geoffrey Sampson - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (3):426-428.
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  23.  43
    Civil disobedience and press freedom.Geoffrey Samuel - 1985 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 5 (2):300-305.
  24.  68
    The Continence of Virtue.Geoffrey Scarre - 2012 - Philosophical Investigations 36 (1):1-19.
    Many recent writers in the virtue ethics tradition have followed Aristotle in arguing for a distinction between virtue and continence, where the latter is conceived as an inferior moral condition. In this paper I contend that rather than seeking to identify a sharp categorical difference between virtue and continence, we should see the contrast as rather one of degree, where virtue is a continence that has matured with practice and habit, becoming more stable, effective and self-aware.
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  25.  42
    Plato and the love of learning.Geoffrey Hinchliffe - 2006 - Ethics and Education 1 (2):117-131.
    This paper explores the relation between love, learning and knowledge as found in three dialogues of Plato, Symposium, Phaedrus and Republic. It argues that the account of the ascent from carnal desire to the love of beauty, as set out in the Symposium, is best seen in terms of a genealogy of love in which the object of love is transformed into an object of knowledge. The Phaedrus shows us how affection and love between two individuals can help motivate a (...)
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  26. Linguistic universals as evidence for empiricism.Geoffrey Sampson - 1978 - Journal of Linguistics.
  27.  21
    Scars of the spirit: the struggle against inauthenticity.Geoffrey H. Hartman - 2002 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In this fascinating collection of essays, noted critic Geoffrey Hartman raises the essential question of where we can find the real or authentic in today's world, and how this affects the way we understand our human predicament. Hartman explores such issues as the fantasy of total information and perfect communication encouraged by the internet, the biographical excesses of tell-all talk shows that serve to shore up a personal sense of unreality, the tendency to motivate violence in the name of (...)
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  28.  15
    The ascetic imperative in culture and criticism.Geoffrey Galt Harpham - 1987 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In this bold interdisciplinary work, Geoffrey Galt Harpham argues that asceticism has played a major role in shaping Western ideas of the body, writing, ethics, ...
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  29.  41
    Political Reconciliation, Forgiveness and Grace.Geoffrey Scarre - 2011 - Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (2):171-182.
    This essay argues that the overuse of the idiom of forgiveness has distorted our understanding of the nature and requirements of political reconciliation, and proposes its supplementation by a notion of grace. This is a mode of response to wrongs that is less hedged around by conventions and conditions, and grace complements forgiveness in contexts in which the latter is inappropriate; it is also more serviceable for maintaining inter-community harmony in the long term. Following a detailed analysis of grace in (...)
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  30. Introduction.Geoffrey Kellow - 2016 - In Geoffrey C. Kellow & Neven Leddy (eds.), On Civic Republicanism: Ancient Lessons for Global Politics. University of Toronto Press.
     
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  31.  75
    The Anxiety of Inheritance: Reinhold Niebuhr and the Literal Truth of Original Sin.Geoffrey Rees - 2003 - Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (1):75 - 99.
    Widely regarded as the most influential proponent of the truth of original sin in the twentieth century, Reinhold Niebuhr worked hard to excise any "literalistic" element from his interpretation of the doctrine. In his attempt to "correct" the Augustinian tradition on original sin by purging it of all "literalistic errors," however, Niebuhr assumed as his starting point the most characteristically modern objection to the doctrine: that birth is a thoroughly natural, animal, and morally meaningless event. As a result, Niebuhr unnecessarily (...)
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  32.  18
    Religion and the subtle body in Asia and the West: between mind and body.Geoffrey Samuel & Jay Johnston (eds.) - 2013 - New York: Routledge.
    Subtle-body practices are found particularly in Indian, Indo-Tibetan and East Asian societies, but have become increasingly familiar in Western societies, especially through the various healing and yogic techniques and exercises associated with them. This book explores subtle-body practices from a variety of perspectives, and includes both studies of these practices in Asian and Western contexts. The book discusses how subtle-body practices assume a quasi-material level of human existence that is intermediate between conventional concepts of body and mind. Often, this level (...)
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  33.  14
    Getting It Right: Language, Literature, and Ethics.Geoffrey Galt Harpham - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
    In a critical scene deeply troubled by questions of justice and responsibility, and beset by political and moral scandals, no issue in recent years has been more urgent or more unsettled than the question of ethics. Geoffrey Galt Harpham, whose previous book, The Ascetic Imperative in Culture and Criticism, was one of the first to announce the critical renewal of ethics, attempts in this new book to explain why ethical questions resist settlement. He urges a new account of ethics (...)
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  34. Benevolence as an Environmental Virtue.Geoffrey Frasz - 2005 - In Philip Cafaro & Ronald Sandler (eds.), Environmental Virtue Ethics. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 241-246.
     
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  35.  67
    Gentle quantum events as the source of explicate order.Geoffrey F. Chew - 1985 - Zygon 20 (2):159-164.
  36.  37
    Proof and implication in mill's philosophy of logic.Geoffrey Scarre - 1984 - History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (1):19-37.
    Following a brief preface, the second section of this paper discusses Mill's early reflections on the problem of how deductive inference can be illuminating. In the third section it is suggested that in his Logic Mill misconstrued the feature that the premises of a logically valid argument contain the conclusion as the ground of a charge that deductive proof is question-begging. The fourth section discusses the nature of the traditional petitio objection to syllogism, and the fifth shows that Mill had (...)
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  37. Quine's ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’: or The Power of Bad Logic.Geoffrey Hunter - 1995 - Philosophical Investigations 18 (4):305-328.
    This is a critical examination of Quine's "Two Dogmas" that leaves nothing much of Quine's paper still standing. It concludes with a short study of a bit of bad work in philosophy that results from following the doctrines of "Two Dogmas".
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  38. Utilitarianism and Self-Respect.Geoffrey Scarre - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (1):27.
    Modern utilitarianism has largely abandoned the view that human well-being consists solely in pleasurable sensations. Too much was wanting in that view for it to withstand the critique of a more refined philosophical psychology than was available to Bentham and Mill. The objections are by now familiar and need no detailed rehearsal. The older view failed to characterize adequately the structure of human satisfactions, forgetting that we can care about things that will happen after we are dead, that we generally (...)
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  39. Can archaeology harm the dead.Geoffrey Scarre - 2006 - In Chris Scarre & Geoffrey Scarre (eds.), The Ethics of Archaeology: Philosophical Perspectives on Archaeological Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 181--98.
     
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  40. Memories of Hilary Putnam.Geoffrey Hellman & Roy Cook - 2018 - In John Burgess (ed.), Hilary Putnam on Logic and Mathematics. Cham: Springer Verlag.
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  41.  29
    Does Marx Make a Religious Turn?Geoffrey Karabin - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (3):317-332.
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  42.  19
    Seeking Subsistence Beyond Death.Geoffrey Karabin - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:135-148.
    The Spanish philosopher Miguel de Unamuno and the American social scientist Ernest Becker see death as humanity’s fundamental anxiety. My essay explores the ethical ramifications attendant upon making that anxiety a well-spring of human activity. More specifically, I am interested in humanity’s effort to escape death via the secular milieu of social remembrance. Does such an effort produce a vista where the other exhibits an intrinsic value? Alternatively, does the other become a mere means in light of one’s project of (...)
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  43.  4
    Seeking Subsistence Beyond Death.Geoffrey Karabin - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:135-148.
    The Spanish philosopher Miguel de Unamuno and the American social scientist Ernest Becker see death as humanity’s fundamental anxiety. My essay explores the ethical ramifications attendant upon making that anxiety a well-spring of human activity. More specifically, I am interested in humanity’s effort to escape death via the secular milieu of social remembrance. Does such an effort produce a vista where the other exhibits an intrinsic value? Alternatively, does the other become a mere means in light of one’s project of (...)
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  44.  30
    The Heavenly Protest: Toward a Liberation Theology of the Afterlife.Geoffrey Karabin - 2012 - Radical Philosophy Review 15 (1):219-239.
    How would a liberation theologian respond to Marx’s famous critique that religious belief and, even more specifically, a hope for heaven is “the opium of the people”? I utilize the conceptual resources found within the work of liberation theologians Gustavo Gutiérrez, Enrique Dussel, and Jon Sobrino to argue that a belief in heaven is able to constitute a protest against oppressed persons’ present hell. To strengthen the connection between a believer’s heavenly hope and a commitment to worldly struggle, I examine (...)
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  45.  17
    The Heavenly Protest.Geoffrey Karabin - 2012 - Radical Philosophy Review 15 (1):219-239.
    How would a liberation theologian respond to Marx’s famous critique that religious belief and, even more specifically, a hope for heaven is “the opium of the people”? I utilize the conceptual resources found within the work of liberation theologians Gustavo Gutiérrez, Enrique Dussel, and Jon Sobrino to argue that a belief in heaven is able to constitute a protest against oppressed persons’ present hell. To strengthen the connection between a believer’s heavenly hope and a commitment to worldly struggle, I examine (...)
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  46.  37
    Marx and Non-Equilibrium Economics Alan Freeman and Guglielmo Carchedi.Geoffrey Kay - 1998 - Historical Materialism 2 (1):240-244.
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  47.  15
    Michael Cowen.Geoffrey Kay - 2000 - Historical Materialism 6 (1):145-147.
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  48.  5
    Taking up the Logical Slack in Natural Language.Geoffrey B. Keene - 1998 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 62:115-120.
  49.  12
    La réforme du système de santé et les valeurs libérales.Kelley Geoffrey - 2003 - 5 (1).
    La création d’un système de santé public a été l’un des éléments clés de la Révolution tranquille dans les années 1960 au Québec. Toutefois, le développement de nouveaux traitements et de nouvelles technologies, en particulier des produits pharmaceutiques, ont fait naître un nouveau débat sur la gestion de notre système de santé. En se basant sur une analyse récente des valeurs libérales dans la société québécoise par Claude Ryan, l’auteur souligne l’importance que le gouvernement doit accorder à ces valeurs dans (...)
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  50.  2
    On Civic Republicanism: Ancient Lessons for Global Politics.Geoffrey C. Kellow & Neven Leddy (eds.) - 2016 - University of Toronto Press.
    On Civic Republicanism explores the enduring relevance of the ancient concepts of republicanism and civic virtue to modern questions about political engagement and identity.".
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