Results for 'C1'

285 found
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  1. Paraconsistency and C1.Chris Mortensen - 1989 - In Graham Priest, Richard Routley & Jean Norman (eds.), Paraconsistent Logic: Essays on the Inconsistent. Philosophia Verlag. pp. 289--305.
     
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    1. Cover Cover (pp. C1-C4).Boris Maslov, Anastasia-Erasmia Peponi, Deborah Steiner, Ann Vasaly & Matthew Wright - 2009 - Classical Antiquity 28 (1):39-70.
    This article focuses on a set of problems involving a controversial portion of the HHA that describes the performance of the Delian chorus in a rare instance of early performance criticism. First, the two variants for a key noun in line 162, bambaliastus and krembaliastus, are discussed. Skepticism is expressed about the applicability to this scene of the first variant. On the contrary, krembaliastus——the suitability of which has not been discussed in detail, even by scholars who seem to have favored (...)
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  3.  24
    On Theses Without Iterated Modalities of Modal Logics Between C1 and S5. Part 1.Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2017 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 46 (1/2).
    This is the first, out of two papers, in which we identify all logics between C1 and S5 having the same theses without iterated modalities. All these logics canbe divided into certain groups. Each such group depends only on which of thefollowing formulas are theses of all logics from this group:,,, ⌜∨ ☐q⌝,and for any n > 0 a formula ⌜ ∨ ⌝, where has not the atom ‘q’, and and have no common atom. We generalize Pollack’s result from [12],where (...)
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    On Theses without Iterated Modalities of Modal Logics Between C1 and S5. Part 2.Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2017 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 46 (3/4).
    This is the second, out of two papers, in which we identify all logics between C1 and S5 having the same theses without iterated modalities. All these logics can be divided into certain groups. Each such group depends only on which of the following formulas are theses of all logics from this group:,,, ⌜∨☐q⌝, and for any n > 0 a formula ⌜ ∨ ⌝, where has not the atom ‘q’, and and have no common atom. We generalize Pollack’s result (...)
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  5. Plato, Timaeus 30B6–C1.D. T. Runia - 1989 - Elenchos 10:435-443.
  6.  14
    1. Cover Cover (pp. C1-C4).Eleanor Cowan, Renaud Gagné, Patrick Glauthier, Julia Hejduk, Josiah Osgood & Christopher Welser - 2009 - Classical Antiquity 28 (2):279-327.
    The conflict between Jupiter and Juno in the Aeneid is commonly read as a battle between the forces of order and chaos. The present article argues that this schematization, though morally and aesthetically satisfying, fails to account for most of the data. Virgil's Jupiter is in fact concerned solely with power and adulation, despite persistent attempts by readers——and characters in the poem——to see him as benign. By systematically discussing every appearance of Jupiter in the poem, the article seeks to correct (...)
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    Assessing pragmatic competence in oral proficiency interviews at the C1 level with the new CEFR descriptors.Cristina Heras-Ramírez & Bárbara Eizaga-Rebollar - 2020 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 16 (1):87-121.
    The study of pragmatic competence has gained increasing importance within second language assessment over the last three decades. However, its study in L2 language testing is still scarce. The aim of this paper is to research the extent to which pragmatic competence as defined by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) has been accommodated in the task descriptions and rating scales of two of the most popular Oral Proficiency Interviews (OPIs) at a C1 level: Cambridge’s Certificate in (...)
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    Isomorphism Between C1 and C2.Alex Blum - 1972 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 18 (13-15):237-240.
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  9.  13
    Platone, Prm. 133b4- c1 / 134e9- 135b2. Quali logoi nella gumnasia per un tis refrattario alla persuasione e sensibile alle contraddizioni come Antistene? [REVIEW]Giuseppe Mazzara - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):83-124.
    In this study, I show how Plato in the Parmenides reprises the encounter with the Phaedo’s Antisthenes, whom I elsewhere assumed to be one of the various tis that get examined in the dialogue. Now, with the Parme­nides’ tis, a similar situation arises: this Antisthenes embodies such characteristics as being “an expert in many areas”, “not without natural gifts” and “capable of following with critical intelligence” the logoi taken from “distant premises.” In the four logoi of the gumnasia, I highlight (...)
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  10. Decision procedure and semantics for C1, E1 and S0. 5◦.R. Routley - 1968 - Logique Et Analyse 44:468-469.
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  11. autà tà isa, Phaedo 74 C1: A Philological Perspective.A. Teffeteller Dale - 1987 - American Journal of Philology 108 (2):384-399.
     
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  12.  15
    Socrates’ opinion on the art of Evenus from an oblique optative in Plato’s Apology 20b8-c1.Esteban Enrique Bieda - 2018 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):224.
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  13. Nouveau regard et nouveaux résultats sur la logique paraconsistante C1.J. Y. Béziau - 1993 - Logique Et Analyse 36:45-58.
     
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  14. Nouveaux résultats et nouveau regard sur la logique paraconsistante C1.Jean-Yves Béziau - 1993 - Logique Et Analyse 36:45-58.
     
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  15.  8
    Review: R. Routley, Decision Procedures and Semantics for C1, E1 and $S0.5^0$. [REVIEW]G. F. Schumm - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):329-329.
  16. Is Moral Relativism Consistent?Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward - 1985 - Analysis 45 (1):40-44.
    Let C1 and C2 be distinct moral codes formulated in English. Let C1 contain a norm N and C2 its negation. The paper construes the moral relativist as saying that if both codes are consistent, then, in the strongest sense of correctness applicable to moral norms, they are also both correct in the sense that they contain only correct moral norms. If we believe that the physical statements of English are true (false) in English, we will reject an analogous statement (...)
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  17. Mental time travel in animals?Thomas Suddendorf & Janie Busby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (9):391-396.
    Are humans alone in their ability to reminisce about the past and imagine the future? Recent evidence suggests that food-storing birds (scrub jays) have access to information about what they have stored where and when. This has raised the possibility of mental time travel (MTT) in animals and sparked similar research with other species. Here we caution that such data do not provide convincing evidence for MTT. Examination of characteristics of human MTT (e.g. non-verbal declaration, generativity, developmental prerequisites) points to (...)
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  18. Function, homology and character individuation.Paul E. Griffiths - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (1):1-25.
    I defend the view that many biological categories are defined by homology against a series of arguments designed to show that all biological categories are defined, at least in part, by selected function. I show that categories of homology are `abnormality inclusive'—something often alleged to be unique to selected function categories. I show that classifications by selected function are logically dependent on classifications by homology, but not vice-versa. Finally, I reject the view that biologists must use considerations of selected function (...)
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  19. Don’t Give Up on Basic Emotions.Andrea Scarantino & Paul Griffiths - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):444-454.
    We argue that there are three coherent, nontrivial notions of basic-ness: conceptual basic-ness, biological basic-ness, and psychological basic-ness. There is considerable evidence for conceptually basic emotion categories (e.g., “anger,” “fear”). These categories do not designate biologically basic emotions, but some forms of anger, fear, and so on that are biologically basic in a sense we will specify. Finally, two notions of psychological basic-ness are distinguished, and the evidence for them is evaluated. The framework we offer acknowledges the force of some (...)
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  20.  65
    Ethical Concerns in the Community About Technologies to Extend Human Life Span.Brad Partridge, Mair Underwood, Jayne Lucke, Helen Bartlett & Wayne Hall - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):68-76.
    Debates about the ethical and social implications of research that aims to extend human longevity by intervening in the ageing process have paid little attention to the attitudes of members of the general public. In the absence of empirical evidence, conflicting assumptions have been made about likely public attitudes towards life-extension. In light of recent calls for greater public involvement in such discussions, this target article presents findings from focus groups and individual interviews which investigated whether members of the general (...)
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  21.  58
    A balanced intervention ladder: promoting autonomy through public health action.P. E. Griffiths & C. West - 2015 - Public Health 129 (8):1092--1098.
    The widely cited Nuffield Council on Bioethics ‘Intervention Ladder’ structurally embodies the assumption that personal autonomy is maximized by non-intervention. Consequently, the Intervention Ladder encourages an extreme ‘negative liberty’ view of autonomy. Yet there are several alternative accounts of autonomy that are both arguably superior as accounts of autonomy and better suited to the issues facing public health ethics. We propose to replace the one-sided ladder, which has any intervention coming at a cost to autonomy, with a two-sided ‘Balanced Intervention (...)
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  22.  31
    The doctrine of filial Piety: A philosophical analysis of the concealment case.Lijun Bi & Fred D’Agostino - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (4):451-467.
  23. Perceiving contradictions.Graham Priest - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (4):439 – 446.
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    Scare-Mongering and the Anticipatory Ethics of Experimental Technologies.Adrian Carter, Perry Bartlett & Wayne Hall - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):47-48.
  25. Development of preferences for the human body shape in infancy.Virginia Slaughter, Michelle Heron & Susan Sim - 2002 - Cognition 85 (3):71-81.
    Two studies investigated the development of infants' visual preferences for the human body shape. In Study 1, infants of 12,15 and 18 months were tested in a standard preferential looking experiment, in which they were shown paired line drawings of typical and scrambled bodies. Results indicated that the 18-month-olds had a reliable preference for the scrambled body shapes over typical body shapes, while the younger infants did not show differential responding. In Study 2, 12- and 18-month-olds were tested with the (...)
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  26.  70
    Genes: Philosophical Analyses Put to the Test.Karola Stotz & Paul Griffiths - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (1):5-28.
    This paper describes one complete and one ongoing empirical study in which philosophical analyses of the concept of the gene were operationalized and tested against questionnaire data obtained from working biologists to determine whether and when biologists conceive genes in the ways suggested. These studies throw light on how different gene concepts contribute to biological research. Their aim is not to arrive at one or more correct 'definitions' of the gene, but rather to map out the variation in the gene (...)
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  27. Confucian Ethics Exhibited in the Discourse of Chinese Business and Marketing Communication.Yunxia Zhu - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):517 - 528.
    With the internationalisation of the Chinese market, Confucian ethics began to draw researchers' attention. However, little research has been conducted in the specific application of Confucian ethics in marketing communication. This article fills in the research gap by examining how Confucian ethics underpins the discourse of Chinese Expo invitations. Chinese sales managers' views are incorporated into the analysis as substantiation of findings. Confucian ethics embraces both qing (emotion) and li (reason) and relevant ethical values such as guanxi (connections), qing, and (...)
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  28. Could everything be true?Graham Priest - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):189 – 195.
  29.  53
    Do Socially Responsible Fund Managers Really Invest Differently?Karen L. Benson, Timothy J. Brailsford & Jacquelyn E. Humphrey - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 65 (4):337-357.
    To date, research into socially responsible investment (SRI), and in particular the socially responsible investment funds industry, has focused on whether investing in SRI assets has any differential impact on investor returns. Prior findings generally suggest that, on a risk-adjusted basis, there is no difference in performance between SRI and conventional funds. This result has led to questions about whether SRI funds are really any different from conventional funds. This paper examines whether the portfolio allocation across industry sectors and the (...)
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    Direct-to-Consumer Genome-Wide Scans: Astrologicogenomics or Simple Scams?Wayne Hall & Coral Gartner - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):54-56.
  31.  12
    Israel - Palestine: Solutions in the midst of crisis.M. I. Gellman - 2007 - Dialogue: Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. 5 (1):65-74.
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    Ethics and Health Systems Research in ‘Post’‐Conflict Situations.Peter Hill - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (2):139-153.
    ABSTRACT Although considerable attention has been given to ethical issues related to clinical research in developing countries, in particular related to HIV therapy, there has been limited focus on health systems research, despite its increasing importance in the light of current trends in development assistance. This paper examines ethical issues related to health systems research in ‘post’‐conflict situations, addressing both generic issues for developing countries and those issues specific to ‘post’‐conflict societies, citing examples from the author’s Cambodian experience. It argues (...)
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    The Communicative Function of Economic Sanctions as a Form of Expressive Punishment.Wade Robinson - 2005 - Dialogue: Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. 3 (1):41-79.
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  34. Endurance is paradoxical.Stephen Barker & Phil Dowe - 2005 - Analysis 65 (1):69-74.
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    Tree thinking for all biology: the problem with reading phylogenies as ladders of progress.Kevin E. Omland, Lyn G. Cook & Michael D. Crisp - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (9):854-867.
    Phylogenies are increasingly prominent across all of biology, especially as DNA sequencing makes more and more trees available. However, their utility is compromised by widespread misconceptions about what phylogenies can tell us, and improved tree thinking is crucial. The most-serious problem comes from reading trees as ladders from left to right - many biologists assume that species-poor lineages that appear early branching or basal are ancestral - we call this the primitive lineage fallacy. This mistake causes misleading inferences about changes (...)
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  36. On a version of one of Zeno's paradoxes.Graham George Priest - 1999 - Analysis 59 (1):1–2.
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  37.  14
    Who’s afraid of the nanny state? Introduction to a symposium.Roger S. Magnusson & Paul E. Griffiths - 2015 - Public Health 129 (8):1017--1020.
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  38. Paradoxes of multi-location.Stephen Barker & Phil Dowe - 2003 - Analysis 63 (2):106–114.
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  39.  41
    Lévinas and the Ethics of Pity.A. T. Nuyen - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (4):411-421.
    Much has been written on Levinas's ethics. However, there is a problem with his ethical theory that has received little attention in the literature, the problem of moral motivation. Nuyen argues that given what Levinas says about the empirical conditions in which metaphysical responsibility is played out, he stills owes an account of the normative force of such an ethics.
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  40.  69
    What does the free man worship?A. Tuan Nuyen - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46 (1):35-48.
  41. An organizational account of biological functions.Matteo Mossio, Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):813-841.
    In this paper, we develop an organizational account that defines biological functions as causal relations subject to closure in living systems, interpreted as the most typical example of organizationally closed and differentiated self-maintaining systems. We argue that this account adequately grounds the teleological and normative dimensions of functions in the current organization of a system, insofar as it provides an explanation for the existence of the function bearer and, at the same time, identifies in a non-arbitrary way the norms that (...)
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  42. Cultural structures, social action, and the discourses of American civil society: A reply to Battani, Hall, and Powers.J. C. Alexander & P. Smith - 1999 - Theory and Society 28 (3):455-461.
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  43. The concept and causes of microbial species.John S. Wilkins - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (3):389-408.
    Species concepts for bacteria and other microbes are contentious, because they are often asexual. There is a Problem of Homogeneity: every mutation in an asexual lineage forms a new strain, of which all descendents are clones until a new mutation occurs. We should expect that asexual organisms would form a smear or continuum. What causes the internal homogeneity of asexual lineages, if they are in fact homogeneous? Is there a natural “species concept” for “microbes”? Two main concepts devised for metazoans (...)
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  44.  56
    Is You Is or Is You Ain't Hart's Baby? Epstein's Minimum Content of Natural Law.James Allan - 2007 - Ratio Juris 20 (2):213-229.
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    Complexity effects are found in all relative-clause sentence forms.Glenda Andrews & Graeme S. Halford - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):95-95.
    We argue that if a different definition of sentence complexity is adopted and processing capacity is assessed in a way that is consistent with that definition, then the Caplan & Waters distinction between interpretive versus postinterpretive processing is unnecessary insofar that it applies to the thematic role assignment in relative-clause sentences.
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  46. Liberalism and intellectual property rights.Hugh Breakey - 2009 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (3):329-349.
    Justifications for intellectual property rights are typically made in terms of utility or natural property rights. In this article, I justify limited regimes of copyright and patent grounded in no more than the rights to use our ideas and to contract, conjoined at times with a weak right to hold property in tangibles. I describe the Contracting Situation plausibly arising from vesting rational agents with these rights. I go on to consider whether in order to provide the best protection for (...)
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  47. Causation and misconnections.Phil Dowe - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):926-931.
    In this paper I show how the conserved quantity theory, or more generally the process theory of Wesley Salmon and myself, provides a sufficient condition in an analysis of causation. To do so I will show how it handles the problem of alleged 'misconnections'. I show what the conserved quantity theory says about such cases, and why intuitions are not to be taken as sacrosanct.
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  48. Natural Law Beyond Finnis.Jonathan Crowe - 2011 - Jurisprudence 2 (2):293-308.
    The natural law tradition in ethics and jurisprudence has undergone a revival in recent years, sparked by the work of John Finnis and the 'new natural law theorists' in the early 1980s. The ensuing decades have seen the emergence of an increasingly rich body of natural law scholarship, but this diversification has gone unnoticed by many outside the field. This article seeks to clarify the relationship between the core claims of the new natural law outlook and the more specific views (...)
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  49. Lehrman's dictum: Information and explanation in developmental biology.Paul E. Griffiths - 2013 - Developmental Psychobiology 55 (1):22--32.
  50.  16
    From Einstein to Shirakawa: The Nobel Prize in Japan.M. Low - 2001 - Minerva 39 (4):446-460.
    There have been two Japanese Nobel laureates in chemistry, three in physics, and one in the category of medicine or physiology. This relatively small number has been attributed to shortcomings in Japanese science. The award of the Physics Prize in 1949 to Hideki Yukawa and to his colleague Sin'itirô Tomonaga in 1965 gave public evidence of how Japanese could make outstanding individual contributions to science. Paradoxically, the Prize also reinforced a belief that such men formed part of a traditional hierarchical (...)
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