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  1. Toxic Warrior Identity, Accountability, and Moral Risk.Stoney Portis & Jessica Wolfendale - manuscript
    Academics working on military ethics and serving military personnel rarely have opportunities to talk to each other in ways that can inform and illuminate their respective experiences and approaches to the ethics of war. The workshop from which this paper evolved was a rare opportunity to remedy this problem. Our conversations about First Lieutenant (1LT) Portis’s experiences in combat provided a unique chance to explore questions about the relationship between oversight, accountability, and the idea of moral risk in military operations. (...)
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  2. Could slaughterbots wipe out humanity? Assessment of the global catastrophic risk posed by autonomous weapons.Alexey Turchin - manuscript
    Recently criticisms against autonomous weapons were presented in a video in which an AI-powered drone kills a person. However, some said that this video is a distraction from the real risk of AI—the risk of unlimitedly self-improving AI systems. In this article, we analyze arguments from both sides and turn them into conditions. The following conditions are identified as leading to autonomous weapons becoming a global catastrophic risk: 1) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) development is delayed relative to progress in narrow (...)
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  3. Target Acquired: The Ethics of Assassination.Nathan Gabriel Wood - manuscript
    In international law and the ethics of war, there are a variety of actions which are seen as particularly problematic and presumed to be always or inherently wrong, or in need of some overwhelmingly strong justification to override the presumption against them. One of these actions is assassination, in particular, assassination of heads of state. In this essay I argue that the presumption against assassination is incorrect. In particular, I argue that if in a given scenario war is justified, then (...)
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  4. Child soldiers: An ethical perspective.Jeff McMahon - manuscript
    in Scott Gates and Simon Reich, eds., Building Knowledge About Children in Armed Conflict (forthcoming in the University of Pittsburgh’s Ridgway/Ford security studies series).
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  5. Jus in bello Necessity, The Requirement of Minimal Force, and Autonomous Weapons Systems.Alexander Blanchard & Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-18.
    In this article we focus on the jus in bello principle of necessity for guiding the use of autonomous weapons systems (AWS). We begin our analysis with an account of the principle of necessity as entailing the requirement of minimal force found in Just War Theory, before highlighting the absence of this principle in existing work on AWS. Overlooking this principle means discounting the obligations that combatants have towards one another in times of war. We argue that the requirement of (...)
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  6. Strategic Humanism: Lessons on Leadership from the Ancient Greeks.Martin L. Cook - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-1.
    This small volume from Claudia Hauer results from an interesting and important intersection of her professional experiences. Trained in Classics, Hauer has spent most of her career at St. John’s Co...
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  7. The Logical Problem of Evil and African War Ethics.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues & Jonathan O. Chimakonam - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-14.
    The morality of war has been debated from a variety of perspectives. However, it has rarely been intertwined with the topic of the existence of God. Sometimes anti-theists argue that the existence of a Western Judeo-Christian God who is omnipotent, omniscient and morally perfect is inconsistent with the existence of evils such as war. We will argue that there is no such logical inconsistency between the God of the African traditional religions and the evil of war. First, we contend that (...)
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  8. “Worth More Than Life Itself”: Military Honour and the Birth of Its Courts in Spain (1810–1870).Alberto Cañas de Pablos - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-16.
    This article deals with military honour in nineteenth-century Spain, after first examining how the meaning of this term evolved from the revolutionary Napoleonic wars onwards. This highly important moral value was learnt from the moment someone joined the army, and even before then, through education and common public military demonstrations. It related to individual behaviour, while also maintaining a high collective and corporative aspect, and it varied depending on gender or class and on the identity of the social group. It (...)
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  9. Eight Arguments against Double Effect.Ezio Di Nucci - forthcoming - In Proceedings of the XXIII. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Philosophie.
    I offer eight arguments against the Doctrine of Double Effect, a normative principle according to which in pursuing the good it is sometimes morally permissible to bring about some evil as a side-effect or merely foreseen consequence: the same evil would not be morally justified as an intended means or end.
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  10. Ethics and Military Strategy in the 21st Century: Moving Beyond Clausewitz.Edward Erwin - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-5.
    George Lucas, an internationally renowned authority on military ethics, passionately and persuasively submits the argument in his latest book that military strategy must surpass the outdated Clause...
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  11. Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition.Edward Erwin - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-6.
    A wide-ranging compendium of incisive essays, Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition promises to be an important contribution to the just war dialogue. Writte...
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  12. Moral Exceptionalism and the Just War Tradition: Walzer’s Instrumentalist Approach and an Institutionalist Response to McMahan’s “Nazi Military” Problem.Shannon Brandt Ford - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-18.
    The conventional view of Just War thinking holds that militaries operate under “special” moral rules in war. Conventional Just War thinking establishes a principled approach to such moral exceptionalism in order to prevent arbitrary or capricious uses of military force. It relies on the notion that soldiers are instruments of the state, which is a view that has been critiqued by the Revisionist movement. The Revisionist critique rightly puts greater emphasis on the moral agency of individual soldiers: they are not (...)
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  13. The First Wave: The D-Day Warriors Who Led the Way to Victory in World War II, by Alex Kershaw.Claudia Hauer - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  14. Realist Ethics: Just War Traditions and Power Politics, by Valerie Morkevicius.N. G. Melgaard - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  15. Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War.Nicholas Melgaard - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-6.
    Cian O’Driscoll’s Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War covers a vast range of materials, discussing the idea of victory and its relationship to just war theory. The idea of victory raises s...
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  16. The Ashgate Research Companion to Military Ethics.Roger Mason PhD - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-3.
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  17. Automated Influence and the Challenge of Cognitive Security.Sarah Rajtmajer & Daniel Susser - forthcoming - HoTSoS: ACM Symposium on Hot Topics in the Science of Security.
    Advances in AI are powering increasingly precise and widespread computational propaganda, posing serious threats to national security. The military and intelligence communities are starting to discuss ways to engage in this space, but the path forward is still unclear. These developments raise pressing ethical questions, about which existing ethics frameworks are silent. Understanding these challenges through the lens of “cognitive security,” we argue, offers a promising approach.
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  18. No peaceful warriors.Ambrose Redmoon - forthcoming - Gnosis: Ajournal of Western Inner Traditions.
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  19. The Strategic Corporal Revisited: Challenges Facing Combatants in 21st-Century Warfare, edited by David W. Lovell and Deane-Peter Baker.Jeremy S. Stirm - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-3.
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  20. Albert Einstein. The Roads to Pacifism.Henrik Syse - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  21. Warfare. Fourth International Conference of Cyber Conflict.Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - NATO CCD COE and IEEE Publication.
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  22. May 5, 2011 Argument: Final Paper Controlling Private Security Companies with Regulation On September 16, 2007, in Nisour Square, west of central Baghdad, Afghanistan. [REVIEW]Leah Tedesco - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
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  23. Political Action by the Military in the Developing Areas.Fred R. Von der Mehden & Charles W. Anderson - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  24. The Soldier’s Share: Considering Narrow Responsibility for Lethal Autonomous Weapons.Kevin Schieman - 2023 - Journal of Military Ethics:1-18.
    Robert Sparrow (among others) claims that if an autonomous weapon were to commit a war crime, it would cause harm for which no one could reasonably be blamed. Since no one would bear responsibility for the soldier’s share of killing in such cases, he argues that they would necessarily violate the requirements of jus in bello, and should be prohibited by international law. I argue this view is mistaken and that our moral understanding of war is sufficient to determine blame (...)
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  25. The Soldier's Share: Considering Narrow Proportionality for Lethal Autonomous Weapons.Kevin Schieman - 2023 - Journal of Military Ethics.
    Robert Sparrow (among others) claims that if an autonomous weapon were to commit a war crime, it would cause harm for which no one could reasonably be blamed. Since no one would bear responsibility for the soldier’s share of killing in such cases, he argues that they would necessarily violate the requirements of jus in bello, and should be prohibited by international law. I argue this view is mistaken and that our moral understanding of war is sufficient to determine blame (...)
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  26. A Brief Primer on Enhancing Islamic Cultural Competency for Deploying Military Medical Providers.Anisah Bagasra, Brian A. Moore, Jason Judkins, Christina Buchner, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Geno Foral, Alyssa Ojeda, Monty T. Baker & Alan L. Peterson - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):56-65.
    The contemporary operating environment for deployed United States military operations largely focuses on deployments to predominantly Islamic countries. The differences in cultural values between d...
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  27. The Hungarian Theory of Just War Based on the Idea of the Holy Crown: A Historical Case of Just Mission.Mihaly Boda - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):269-280.
    Warfare ideologies are as old as human civilization. By now, they have grown into an important and extended research field, including works analyzing the justification of war in ancient Indian epic...
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  28. The Moral-Ethical Dimension of Human Psychology: Values, Cultural Practices, and the Coconstruction of Peace.Angela Uchoa Branco - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  29. Ethics and Technology.Christine Boshuijzen-Van Burken - 2022 - In Désirée Verweij, Peter Olsthoorn & Eva van Baarle (eds.), Ethics and Military Practice. Brill.
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  30. A Taste of Armageddon: A Virtue Ethics Perspective on Autonomous Weapons and Moral Injury.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio, Jai Christian Galliott & Fady Shibata Alnajjar - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):19-38.
    Autonomous weapon systems could in principle release military personnel from the onus of killing during combat missions, reducing the related risk of suffering a moral injury and its debilita...
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  31. A Clarion Call: Tūt!James L. Cook - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):1-3.
    Do just war principles allow resort to war, or require it? For those who feel the force of the question, the ongoing war in Ukraine has provided an urgent case study.A video shot in late February 2...
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  32. Ethical Reflections of a Military Commander in International Operations.Carlos Alberto dos Santos Cruz - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  33. Operationalizing the Ethics of Soldier Enhancement.Jovana Davidovic & Forrest S. Crowell - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):180-199.
    This article is a result of a unique project that brought together academics and military practitioners with a mind to addressing difficult moral questions in a way that is philosophically careful,...
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  34. In Bello Proportionality: Philosophical Reflections on a Disturbing Empirical Study.Stephen de Wijze, Daniel Statman & Raanan Sulitzeanu-Kenan - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (2):116-131.
    A recent empirical study has argued that experts in the ethics or the law of war cannot reach reasonable convergence on dilemmas regarding the number of civilian casualties who may be killed as a side effect of attacks on legitimate military targets. This article explores the philosophical implications of that study. We argue that the wide disagreement between experts on what in bello proportionality means in practice casts serious doubt on their ability to provide practical real-life guidance. We then suggest (...)
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  35. Cyber Warfare Ethics. [REVIEW]Edward Erwin - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (2):190-195.
    As part of the Issues in Military Ethics series, Cyber Warfare Ethics is an insightful anthology of cutting-edge articles that examine the potential and the hazards of cyber operations. Michael Ske...
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  36. Dirty Hands and Clean Minds: On the Soldier’s Right to Forget.David J. Garren - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (2):162-182.
    The United States has been waging the “War on Terror” for nearly two decades. Obscured among the more obvious costs of that war is the moral injury borne by many of the soldiers who have fought and participated in it. Unlike post-traumatic stress disorder, which is rooted in fear, moral injury is rooted in shame, shame for having committed a moral transgression, a violation of the moral code. Haunted by the memory of their misdeeds, these soldiers are plagued by all (...)
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  37. After so Much Is Invested in Creating Robust Military Identities, What About the Construction of Fulfilling Civilian Identities After Service?Jan Grimell - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  38. Identities After Service?Jan Grimell - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  39. War: a genealogy of western ideas and practices.Beatrice Heuser - 2022 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    War has been conceptualised from a military perspective, but also from ethical, legal, and philosophical viewpoints. These different analytical perspectives are all necessary to understand the many dimensions war, the continua on which war is situated - from small-scale to large-scale, from limited in time or long, from less to extremely destructive, with varying aims, and degrees of involvement of populations. Western civilisations have conceptualised war in binary ways denying the variety of manifestations of war along these continua. While binary (...)
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  40. An Organisational Perspective on Military Ethics.Eric-Hans Kramer, Herman Kuipers & Miriam de Graaff - 2022 - In Désirée Verweij, Peter Olsthoorn & Eva van Baarle (eds.), Ethics and Military Practice. Brill.
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  41. Coercion, Interrogation, and Prisoners of War.Nathan Lake & Jonathan Trerise - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (2):151-161.
    The law of armed conflict prevents the coerced extraction of information from Prisoners of War (PoWs). We claim, however, that the letter of that law involves too broad a concept of coercion. On a natural reading, there is a sense in which any extraction of information—by any method—is coercive. We respect the notion that PoWs ought not be treated poorly, but we argue “coercion” should not be understood so broadly. With respect to its use in international law, we favor a (...)
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  42. The Moral Status of Combatants: A New Theory of Just War.George Lucas - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):296-298.
    This book-cover's announcement of a “new theory” of just war is likely just publisher's editorial hyperbole. The author, however, does not in the end require such outside assistance. From the outse...
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  43. Is Remote Warfare Moral? Weighing Issues of Life + Death from 7,000 Miles. [REVIEW]Paul Lushenko - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (2):183-189.
    Volume 21, Issue 2, August-October 2022, Page 183-189.
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  44. Preventing another Mosul Unmanned Weapon Platforms as the Solution to the Tragedy of a Hostage Siege. Maciej - 2022 - In Dragan Stanar and Kristina Tonn (ed.), The Ethics of Urban Warfare City and War. Lejda, Holandia: pp. 153-171.
    The 2016-17 Iraqi offensive that recaptured the city of Mosul from the Islamic State have demonstrated the inability of contemporary armed forces to retake urban areas from a determined and ruthless enemy without either suffering debilitating casualties or causing thousands of civilian deaths and virtually destroying the city itself. The enemy’s willingness to refuse civilian evacuation via a humanitarian corridor and effectively take the inhabitants hostage is all it takes to impose this tragic dilemma on an attacking force. The civilian (...)
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  45. Autonomous Weapon Systems in Just War Theory perspective. Maciej - 2022 - Dissertation,
    Please contact me at [email protected] if you are interested in reading a particular chapter or being sent the entire manuscript for private use. -/- The thesis offers a comprehensive argument in favor of a regulationist approach to autonomous weapon systems (AWS). AWS, defined as all military robots capable of selecting or engaging targets without direct human involvement, are an emerging and potentially deeply transformative military technology subject to very substantial ethical controversy. AWS have both their enthusiasts and their detractors, prominently (...)
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  46. Myth-Criticism and Myth-Analysis of Warrior Education in Literary Works: From The Iliad to The Bridge Over the River Kwai.Suzana Marly da Costa Magalhães - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  47. Developmental Perspective.Mariann Märtsin - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  48. Development of Values in the Context of Military Socialization: A Reflection From a Life-Course Developmental Perspective.Mariann Märtsin - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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  49. How to Report on War in the Light of an African Ethic.Thaddeus Metz - 2022 - In Jonathan O. Chimakonam, Edwin Etieyibo & Ike Odimegwu (eds.), Essays on Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy. Springer. pp. 145-162.
    While there is a budding literature on media ethics in the light of characteristic sub-Saharan moral values, there is virtually nothing on wartime reporting more specifically. Furthermore, the literature insofar as it has a bearing on wartime reporting suggests that embedded journalism and patriotic journalism are ethically justified during war. In this essay, I sketch a prima facie attractive African moral theory, grounded on a certain interpretation of the value of communal relationship, and bring out what it entails for the (...)
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  50. Moral Complexities of Military Deployment: Dutch Soldiers' Experiences of Value Conflict and Moral Injury.Tine Molendijk - 2022 - In Daniela Schmitz Wortmeyer (ed.), Deep loyalties: values in military lives. Information Age Publishing.
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1 — 50 / 1509