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Summary Ethics is one of the largest fields in contemporary African philosophy. It is a truism to say that it tends to be much more communitarian in focus when compared to Western ethics. The term 'ubuntu' literally means 'humanness'. However, it also sometimes refers to a specific school of ethical thought, of which there are two that dominate. The first is 'personhood' theories which say that morality is primarily a matter of developing one's personhood in a normative sense. This can only be done in the context of community by exercising other-regarding virtues. The second focus on harmony or relationality, claiming that right action is a matter of relating well with others. A large amount of literature has also been devoted to applying these ideas to various topics in applied ethics. 
Key works [BROKEN REFERENCE: WIRPAAw]#GYETAMw #METTAA
Introductions [BROKEN REFERENCE: AUTHw]#GYEAE
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1044 found
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  1. The Concept of 'ubuntu' in African Environmental Ethics Vis-a-Vis the Problem of Climate Change.Gabriel Ayayia - manuscript
    Climate change is a global environmental issue that threatens humanity and the concept of 'Ubuntu' which means 'humanness' would be useful in the conversation for climate change mitigation and adaptation. With the rising global temperature changes to climate, the paper reflects on some critical questions such as: how can African environmental ethics make an epistemic contribution to the conversation on climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies? I argue that the issue of climate change is a problem rooted in anthropocentric activities, (...)
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  2. Reply to Critics (tentative title).Thaddeus Metz - manuscript
    Reply to contributors to a special issue of _Social Theory and Practice_ devoted to _A Relational Moral Theory: African Ethics in and Beyond the Continent_.
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  3. Relational moral philosophy needs relational moral psychology A relational moral theory: African ethics in and beyond the continent edited by Thaddeus Metz, Oxford University Press, 2021, $90 (hardback), ISBN: 9780198748960. [REVIEW]Rachel Calcott & Brian D. Earp - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    “Western” moral thought is often stereotyped as being (too) individualistic, Thatcher-like; communities are treated as mere assemblages of individuals, each of whom must look after their own welfar...
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  4. African Biocomnuinitarianism and Australian Dreamtime.J. Baird Callicott - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence.
  5. Harmony, Disruption, and Affective Injustice: Metz and the Capacity for Harmonious Relationship.Mary Carman - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-16.
    In _A Relational Moral Theory: African ethics in and beyond the continent_ ( 2022 ), Thaddeus Metz proposes an African moral theory according to which we ought to respect and honour the capacity of individuals to be party to harmonious relationship. He aims to present a moral theory that should ‘be weighed up against at least contemporary Western moral theories’ (p. 2). As Metz intends his theory to be a serious contender with other moral theories, I assess how his moral (...)
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  6. An African moral approach against the perverted faculty argument: Ukama, partiality and homophobia in Africa.Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
    In Africa, homosexuality is routinely understood as a form of immoral behaviour. This has great implications for the physical and psychological well‐being of homosexuals in Africa. One of the reasons why homosexuals are sometimes understood to be behaving immorally is because it is believed that same‐sex relations are unnatural. I think that this conception of unnatural is grounded on the perverted faculty argument, although this is not often expressed in such terms. In this article, I will develop a concept of (...)
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  7. A Sino‐African perspective and the morality of procreation.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues, Qingjuan Sun, Aribiah David Attoe & Cornelius Ewuoso - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
    Current studies of anti/‐natalism have been carried out mainly in the context of western philosophy. In this article, we offer a pro‐natalist view based on Confucian and Afro‐communitarian philosophy (Sino‐African ethics). Grounded in this Sino‐African perspective, we uphold that there is, at least, one reason to believe that not only is it morally permissible to procreate, but also that on some occasions, procreating is what morality prescribes. Specifically, we contend that, from a Sino‐African perspective, procreating sometimes is the best way (...)
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  8. Morality, Art, and African Philosophy: A Response to Wiredu.Parker English & Nancy Steele Hamme - forthcoming - African Philosophy: Selected Readings Englewood Cliffs. Nj: Prentice Hall.
  9. Onto-normative Monism in the ሐተታ (ḥāteta) of Zär’aYaʿǝqob: Insights into Ethiopian Epistemology and Lessons for the Problem of Superiorism.Björn Freter - forthcoming - In Isaac E. Ukpokolo Peter Aloysius Ikhane (ed.), African Epistemology: Being and Knowledge. London, UK:
    In this contribution, we will analyse the inquiry (ሐተታ, ḥāteta), written by Ethiopian scholar, Zera Yaqob, ዘርአ፡ያዕቆብ, Seed of Jacob (Sumner, 1976: 4, I). His philosophy resists a division into the basic disciplines customary in Western philosophy, his arguments, as we wish to propose with caution, combine metaphysics, ethics, and epistemology in a way that is almost impossible to separate. We will thus not be able to identify purely epistemological principles in his philosophy. However, since Zera Yaqob is deeply concerned (...)
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  10. African Ethics.Björn Freter - forthcoming - In Björn Freter & Elvis Imafidon (eds.), Handbook of African Philosophy: Key Subject Areas. Dordrecht, New York: Springer.
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  11. Prison reform and prisoner's rights in the light of the new South African Constitution, 1993.G. L. Gordon - forthcoming - Nexus.
  12. Racism: A challenge to south african universities.Mma Gray & Aj Bernstein - forthcoming - Theoria.
  13. African Research Ethics (tentative title).Ike Iyioke (ed.) - forthcoming - Brill.
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  14. Breyten Breytenbach and the South African prison book.J. U. Jacobs - forthcoming - Theoria.
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  15. What Africa Can Bring to the World.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Tayeb Chenntouf (ed.), General History of Africa, Volume 9: Global Africa. UNESCO. pp. ch. 22.
    This chapter expounds relational values characteristic of indigenous Africa and considers how they might usefully be adopted when contemporary societies interact with each other. Specifically, it notes respects in which genuinely human or communal relationship has been missing in the two contexts of globalization and international relations, and suggests what a greater appreciation of this good by the rest of the world would mean for them.
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  16. "一种关系化的道德理论——从本土走向世界的非洲伦理学".Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - Beijing: The Commercial Press/商务印书馆. Edited by Jun Wang & Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues.
    Chinese (simplified character) translation of _A Relational Moral Theory_ by Nan Zhang.
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  17. Meaning.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Lydia Amir (ed.), Handbook of Transformative Philosophy.
    There are two ways that philosophy could transform a life to make it substantially more meaningful: on the one hand, philosophical enquiry might reveal other activities that would make life meaningful, enabling a philosopher (or others) to live meaningfully as a result of the enquiry, while, on the other hand, it might be that doing philosophy is in itself one way to make the philosopher's life notably meaningful. I explore the latter path. I argue against views of meaning in life (...)
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  18. A Dilemma Regarding Academic Freedom and Public Accountability in Higher Education (repr.).Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Yamikani Ndasauka (ed.), The Quest for Academic Freedom in Africa. Routledge.
    Reprint of an article published in the Journal of Philosophy of Education (2010) about the tension between a right to academic freedom and a responsibility to promote public goods, discussed largely in the African context.
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  19. Duties to Oneself in the Light of African Values: Two New Theoretical Approaches.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - The Monist.
    I draw on ideas salient in contemporary literate African philosophy to construct two new theoretical ways of capturing the essence of duties to oneself. According to one theory, a person has a foundational duty to “relate” to herself in ways similar to how the African field has often thought that a person should relate with others, viz., harmoniously. According to the second, one has a foundational duty to produce liveliness in oneself. In addition to articulating these novel attempts to capture (...)
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  20. The Young Marx and an African Ethic: Two Relational Views of Self-realization.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Ken Cheng & Jun-Hyeok Kwak (eds.), Relationality East and West (tentative title). Routledge.
    Karl Marx's normative views have routinely been contrasted with moral-political theories such as utilitarianism and Rawlsian justice. They have not been systematically contrasted with characteristically African, and specifically communal, values, with post-independence African leaders such as Nyerere and Nkrumah instead having emphasized the similarities. In this article, a work of analytic philosophy, I sketch the essentials of Marx’s approach to the human good, especially his early writings on alienation from 1843-1845, and weigh them up against a theoretical interpretation of the (...)
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  21. African Moral Philosophy and Work (tentative title).Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Julian Jonker & Grant Rozeboom (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Work. Oxford University Press. pp. ch. 1.
  22. Title TBA: Reply to Critics.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
    Reply to six critics of _A Relational Moral Theory_ whose critical discussions have appeared in a special issue of _Ethical Theory and Moral Practice_.
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  23. Why Personhood Is Not So Social: Reflections on Oyowe’s Menkiti.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - Philosophia Africana.
    In Menkiti’s Moral Man, Oritsegbubemi Oyowe aims to provide a sympathetic interpretation of the works of Ifeanyi Menkiti as they address personhood, community, and other facets of morality. In my contribution I maintain that, while Oyowe’s Menkiti is more plausible than the way Menkiti has often been read, there are still respects in which the account of personhood advanced invites criticism. One criticism is that it is implausible to think that personhood is constituted by others recognizing one as a person. (...)
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  24. Ce que l’Afrique peut apporter au monde.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Tayeb Chenntouf (ed.), Histoire générale de l’Afrique, Volume 9 : l’Afrique Globale. UNESCO.
    French translation of 'What Africa Can Contribute to the World', a commissioned chapter for UNESCO'S General History of Africa project.
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  25. La Philosophie au-delà de nos frontières: le cas de l'éthique africaine (Philosophy beyond the Boundaries: The Case of African Ethics).Thaddeus Metz & Pius Mosima (eds.) - forthcoming - Harmattan.
    A collection of several articles on African moral and political philosophy by Thaddeus Metz, translated into French by Emmanuel Fopa, and edited and introduced by Pius Mosima of the University of Bamenda, Cameroon.
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  26. Human Dignity in African Thought.Motsamai Molefe & Christopher Allsobrook (eds.) - forthcoming - Palgrave Macmillan.
  27. of article In defence of partisan justice: What can African business ethics.Piet J. Naudé - forthcoming - African Journal of Business Ethics.
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  28. African Ethics: A Guide to Key Ideas.Luís Rodrigues (ed.) - forthcoming - Bloomsbury.
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  29. Nkowa Echiche Ndi Afrika Nke okammuta Thaddeus Metz (African Morality in the Thought of Thaddeus Metz).Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi (ed.) - forthcoming - Timeless Publishers.
    A collection of several previously published articles by Thaddeus Metz translated into Igbo, with an introduction by Prof L. O. Ugwuanyi of the University of Abuja.
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  30. Custom and morality: a comparative analysis of some African and Western conceptions of morals.Kwasi Wiredu - forthcoming - African Philosophy: Selected Readings, Ed. Mosley, Ag Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs.
  31. Intercultural Philosophy and Environmental Justice between Generations: Indigenous, African, Asian, and Western Perspectives.Hiroshi Abe, Matthias Fritsch & Mario Wenning (eds.) - 2024 - Cambridge University Press.
    The primary objective of this anthology is to make intergenerational justice an issue for intercultural philosophy, and, conversely, to allow the latter to enrich the former. In times of large-scale environmental destabilization, fair- ness between generations is an urgent issue of justice across time, but it is also a global issue of justice across geographical and nation-state borders. This means that the future generations envisioned by the currently living also cross these borders. Thus, different philosophical cultures and traditions of thought (...)
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  32. Making modern medical ethics: how African Americans, anti-Nazis, bureaucrats, feminists, veterans, and whistleblowing moralists created bioethics.Robert Baker - 2024 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    A counter history of the birth of bioethics, which focuses on the dissenters and whistleblowers who challenged law and institutions rather than simply the development of new technologies.
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  33. Igwebuike: an African concept for an inclusive medical ethics.Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues & Ada Agada - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (3):219-220.
    _Igwebuike_ is a traditional knowledge system undergirded by the metaphysical assumption that the world is a totality of interconnected and interrelated entities. 1–4 African scholars in West Africa often invoke _igwebuike_ to make sense of African ethical, social and political perspectives that are grounded in the theory of Afro-communitarianism. Afro-communitarianism is primarily a socioethical theory that is concerned with the articulation of the moral relationship between the individual and the community. The term _igwebuike_ is derived from the Igbo root words (...)
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  34. Character-Based Moral Theories.Michael Hemmingsen - 2024 - In Ethical Theory in Global Perspective. Albany: SUNY Press. pp. 13-26.
    A survey of character-based ethical theory across traditions.
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  35. Ancillary Care Obligations in the Light of an African Bioethic: From Entrustment to Communion (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2024 - In Ike Iyioke (ed.), An African Research Ethics Reader. Brill.
    Reprint of an article that first appeared in Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics (2017).
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  36. Neither Parochial nor Cosmopolitan: Cultural Instruction in the Light of a Communal Ethic (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2024 - In Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi (ed.), Multidisciplinary Humane Perspectives on Education: Educating All for All. Cambridge Scholars. pp. 43-62.
    Reprint of an article that first appeared in the journal _Education as Change_ (2019).
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  37. Defending a Relational Account of Moral Status.Thaddeus Metz - 2024 - In Mbih Jerome Tosam & Erasmus Masitera (eds.), African Agrarian Philosophy. Springer. pp. 105-124.
    For the more than a decade, I have advanced an account of what makes persons, animals, and other beings entitled to moral treatment for their own sake that is informed by characteristically African ideas about dignity, a great chain of being, and community. Roughly according to this account, a being has a greater moral status, the more it is capable of communing (as a subject) or of us communing with it (as an object). I have mainly argued that this characteristically (...)
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  38. Community in African Moral-Political Philosophy.Thaddeus Metz - 2024 - In Niall Bond (ed.), The Concept of Community from a Global Perspective. Brill. pp. ch. 17.
    I critically discuss respects in which conceptions of community have featured in African moral-political philosophy over the past 40 years or so. Some of the discussion is in the vein of intellectual history, recounting key theoretical moves for those unfamiliar with the field. However, my discussion is also opinionated, noting prima facie weaknesses with certain positions and presenting others as more promising, particularly relative to prominent Western competitors. There are a variety of forms that African communitarianism has taken and could (...)
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  39. Looking Back and Forward: Relational African Bioethics and Why Personhood is Not Dead.Motsamai Molefe & Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (1):62-64.
    In her new article in the American Journal of Bioethics, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby (2024) provides at least three reasons that support her argument that the concept of personhood must be abandoned...
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  40. African Communitarian Ethics: An Externalist Justification for Altruism.Idowu Odeyemi - 2024 - Philosophical Forum (1):109-127.
    The most popular defense of altruism has come from ethicists, mostly Western ethicists, who argue that for an action to hold any justification as it pertains to altruistic commitments, such an altruistic action must stem from the agent’s internal states such as beliefs, practical reasoning, desires, or deliberative attitudes. I refer to this as the internalist justification for altruism. On this internalist approach, the mere recognition of others—which I shall refer to as an externalist justification—albeit necessary for an agent who (...)
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  41. The Role of AI in SDG: An African Perspective.Steve A. Adeshina & Oluwatomisin Aina - 2023 - In Francesca Mazzi & Luciano Floridi (eds.), The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence for the Sustainable Development Goals. Springer Verlag. pp. 133-143.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) has revolutionized different sectors and will not be an exception in enabling the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The focus of SDGs is to provide a “blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all by 2030”. The 17 SDGs are interconnected and achieving one of the goals creates a ripple effect in the other goals. These ripple effects can be created when stakeholders use past information (data) from the societal, environmental, and economic factors, observing patterns (...)
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  42. Molefe on Wiredu's Humanistic Interpretation of Akan (African) Ethics.Ada Agada - 2023 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 70 (175):1-23.
    In his 2015 Theoria article titled ‘A Rejection of Humanism in African Moral Tradition’, Motsamai Molefe argues that Kwasi Wiredu's humanistic interpretation of traditional Akan ethics cannot be the best account of African ethics because Wiredu overlooks the significant sentiment in traditional African thought that regards reality as a holistic totality of spiritual, social and environmental components. I point out that Molefe's rejection of Wiredu's humanism follows from the latter's de-emphasising of supernaturalism. I argue that Molefe overlooks the fact that (...)
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  43. African Ethics: Human Being is Beautiful.Stanley Uche Anozie - 2023 - In Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise Müller & Angela Roothaan (eds.), Beauty in African thought: critical perspectives on the Western idea of development. Lexington Books.
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  44. Gilles Paquet's Hermeneutics of Belongingness: On Collaborative Ethics of Global Development.Stanley Uche Anozie - 2023 - In Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise F. Müller & Angela C. M. Roothaan (eds.), Wellbeing in African Philosophy: Insights for a Global Ethics of Development. Rowman & Littlefield.
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  45. Omoluabi: An African Conception of moral values.Godwin Azenabor - 2023 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 8 (2):63-81.
    The moral experience is a reality in every social and cultural life, with variations being in the interpretations given to experience. A people’s value system defines their identity. Consequently, this paper interrogates an example of an African theory of moral value against a moral developmental model, using the philosophical, expositional, analytical and comparative methods. The reflections in this paper focus on the Yoruba cultural context in Nigeria. The paper posits a relationship between a moral value system and development. It argues (...)
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  46. A Non-Individualistic Notion of the Common Good.Abdoulaye Ba - 2023 - In Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise F. Müller & Angela C. M. Roothaan (eds.), Wellbeing in African Philosophy: Insights for a Global Ethics of Development. Rowman & Littlefield.
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  47. Wellbeing in African Philosophy: Insights for a Global Ethics of Development.Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise F. Müller & Angela C. M. Roothaan (eds.) - 2023 - Lanham, USA: Rowman and Littlefield.
    Well-Being in African Philosophy: Insights for a Global Ethics of Development, edited by Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise Müller, and Angela Roothaan, explores the notion of well-being in African and intercultural philosophy and its insights into global ethics of development. Drawing from longstanding debates on communitarianism in the context of personhood in African philosophy, as well as those in intercultural philosophy, the diverse contributors present manifold ways to philosophize about well-being from African contexts. Hailing from sub-Saharan Africa, Europe, and the (...)
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  48. Social Ethics and Human Well-Being in Igbo Society.J. Chidozie Chukwuokolo - 2023 - In Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise F. Müller & Angela C. M. Roothaan (eds.), Wellbeing in African Philosophy: Insights for a Global Ethics of Development. Rowman & Littlefield.
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  49. African Ethics, Personhood, and War.Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2023 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2:41-52.
    _In this article, I look at the African theory that the formation of personhood is relevant to the morality of war. I start by justifying the project of decolonizing the ethics of war. Then I proceed to clarify that some of the African theories that relate to personhood and war should not be taken at face value, but that the concept of personhood does play a role in the morality of war. I then provide examples of how this concept is (...)
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  50. The African Novel and the Question of Communalism in African Philosophy (Roundtable on Jeanne-Marie Jackson's "The African Novel of Ideas").Zeyad El Nabolsy - 2023 - Safundi 24.
    Jeanne-Marie Jackson’s The African Novel of Ideas: Philosophy and Individualism in the Age of Global Writing provides an analytic framework for understanding the novel as a form of philosophical expression in African intellectual history. More specifically, she uses individualism as a tool for tracking the expression of abstract “philosophical thinking” in a selection of African novels. For Jackson, it is the fictional individual in the novel who is the primary bearer of philosophical thought. Jackson situates this interpretative heuristic vis-à-vis the (...)
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