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  1. Political Liberalism and Cognitive Disability: An Inclusive Account.Areti Theofilopoulou - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-20.
    In this paper, I argue that, contrary to what some critics suggest, political liberalism is not exclusionary with regards to the rights and interests of individuals with cognitive disabilities. I begin by defending four publicly justifiable reasons that are collectively sufficient for the inclusion of members of this group. Briefly, these are the epistemic uncertainty that inevitably exists about individuals’ actual capacities, the political liberal duty to treat parents fairly, the social framework that is required for the fulfilment of parental (...)
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  2. Eugenics, Disability, and Bioethics.Robert A. Wilson - forthcoming - In Joel Reynolds & Christine Weiseler (eds.), The Disability Bioethics Reader. New York, NY, USA:
    This paper begins by saying enough about eugenics to explain why disability is central to eugenics (section 2), then elaborates on why cognitive disability has played and continues to play a special role in eugenics and in thinking about moral status (section 3) before identifying three reasons why eugenics remains a live issue in contemporary bioethics (section 4). After a reminder of the connections between Nazi eugenics, medicine, and bioethics (section 5), it returns to take up two more specific clusters (...)
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  3. Imposter Syndrome and Self-Deception.Stephen Gadsby - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-12.
    Many intelligent, capable, and successful individuals believe that their success is due to luck and fear that they will someday be exposed as imposters. A puzzling feature of this phenomenon, commonly referred to as imposter syndrome, is that these same individuals treat evidence in ways that maintain their false beliefs and debilitating fears: they ignore and misattribute evidence of their own abilities, while readily accepting evidence in favour of their inadequacy. I propose a novel account of imposter syndrome as an (...)
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  4. Ethical Issues in Genomics Research on Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Critical Interpretive Review.Signe Mezinska, L. Gallagher, M. Verbrugge & E. M. Bunnik - 2021 - Human Genomics 16 (15).
    Background Genomic research on neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), particularly involving minors, combines and amplifies existing research ethics issues for biomedical research. We performed a review of the literature on the ethical issues associated with genomic research involving children affected by NDDs as an aid to researchers to better anticipate and address ethical concerns. Results Qualitative thematic analysis of the included articles revealed themes in three main areas: research design and ethics review, inclusion of research participants, and communication of research results. Ethical (...)
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  5. Funciones ejecutivas en escolares con y sin TDAH según padres y profesores.Hernán Salazar, Sonia Salas, Mauricio González & Angelo Araya - 2021 - Logos: Revista de Lingüística, Filosofía y Literatura 31 (1):138-155.
    El TDAH constituye un trastorno de gran frecuencia en la niñez. Se caracteriza por patrones persistentes de desatención, hiperactividad-impulsividad. La condición de TDAH se ha asociado con el mecanismo cerebral cognitivo de auto regulación conocido como Funciones Ejecutivas. El presente trabajo de carácter cuantitativo, correlacional y transversal se focalizó en describir y comparar el rendimiento de Funciones Ejecutivas según padres y profesores en una muestra de escolares con y sin diagnóstico de TDAH. La metodología considero la administración de pruebas de (...)
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  6. Addressing Vulnerability Due to Cognitive Impairment Through Catholic Social Teaching.Jason T. Eberl - 2020 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 20 (2):243-250.
    Meeting the needs of individuals who experience vulnerability due to cognitive impairment presents significant challenges to caregivers. Primary caregiver responsibility is often relegated to professionals in hospitals or long-term care facilities, while proxy decision-making responsibility lies with families. The complex relationship among patients, professional caregivers, and families may be further complicated by the relative cognitive capacity of different patients. While some experience diminished cognitive capacity to such an extent that they cannot make any informed voluntary decisions, others may be able (...)
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  7. The Insanity Defence Without Mental Illness? Some Considerations.Luca Malatesti, Marko Jurjako & Gerben Meynen - 2020 - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 71.
    In this paper we aim to offer a balanced argument to motivate (re)thinking about the mental illness clause within the insanity defence. This is the clause that states that mental illness should have a relevant causal or explanatory role for the presence of the incapacities or limited capacities that are covered by this defence. We offer three main considerations showing the important legal and epistemological roles that the mental illness clause plays in the evaluation of legal responsibility. Although we acknowledge (...)
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  8. A Dilemma For Neurodiversity.Kenneth Shields & David Beversdorf - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (2):1-17.
    One way to determine whether a mental condition should be considered a disorder is to first give necessary and sufficient conditions for something to be a disorder and then see if it meets these conditions. But this approach has been criticized for begging normative questions. Concerning autism, a neurodiversity movement has arisen with essentially two aims: advocate for the rights and interests of individuals with autism, and de-pathologize autism. We argue that denying autism’s disorder status could undermine autism’s exculpatory role (...)
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  9. Looking Back to Look Forward: Disability, Philosophers, and Activism.Robert A. Wilson - 2020 - Diversity and Inclusion Section, APA Blog.
    How have and how might philosophers contribute to linking disability and activism in these peri-COVID-19 times, especially in forms of public engagement that go beyond podcasted talks and articles aimed at a public audience? How do we harness philosophical thinking to contribute positively to those living with disability whose vulnerabilities are heightened by this pandemic and the ableism highlighted by collective responses to it?
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  10. An Anthropological Perspective on Autism.Ben Belek - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (3):231-241.
    In her 2006 book The Jumbled Jigsaw, Donna Williams, an autistic author and poet, presents an example of a list of traits associated with autism—one of many such lists commonly found in text books, academic publications, and information leaflets. Her list includes the following: a tendency to stick to well-tried routines and avoid change, a tendency to have a narrow range of interests, a tendency to develop irrational fears and anxieties, a tendency not to develop a sense of danger, a (...)
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  11. Generic Language and the Stigma of Mental Illness.Lisa Nowak - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (3):261-275.
    Recent literature has suggested that generics can harbor and propagate worrying ideologies in a manner which is often not appreciated by speakers. In this article, I argue that the use of generics to convey information about mental illness is unhelpful, whether the knowledge structure conveyed by the generic is 'accurate' or not. Inaccurate generics contribute to insidious forms of social stereotyping and stigma by encouraging us to simplistically generalize characteristics found in very few category members to other members of that (...)
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  12. The Analysis of Self-Deception: Rehabilitating the Traditionalist Account.Vladimir Krstic - 2018 - Dissertation, Auckland
    Traditionalists affirm that in self-deception I intend to deceive myself; but, on the standard account of interpersonal deception, according to which deceiver intend to make their target believe a falsehood, traditionalism generates paradoxes, arising from the fact that I will surely know that I want to make myself believe a falsehood. In this thesis, I argue that these well-known paradoxes need not arise under my manipulativist account of deception. In particular, I defend traditionalism about self-deception by showing that what causes (...)
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  13. Auditory Verbal Hallucination and the Sense of Ownership.Michelle Maiese - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (3):183-196.
    About 75% of subjects diagnosed with schizophrenia experience auditory-verbal hallucination and report "hearing voices" that are not actually present. One notable feature of AVH is that it seems involuntary and not directly in the subject's control. With regard to content, these represented voices make utterances, typically commands and evaluations, and either are directed to the patient or speak about her in the third person. Voices may echo the subject's thoughts or comment on the subject's behavior and, in some cases, the (...)
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  14. A Bayesian Account of Psychopathy: A Model of Lacks Remorse and Self-Aggrandizing.Aaron Prosser, Karl Friston, Nathan Bakker & Thomas Parr - 2018 - Computational Psychiatry 2:92-140.
    This article proposes a formal model that integrates cognitive and psychodynamic psychotherapeutic models of psychopathy to show how two major psychopathic traits called lacks remorse and self-aggrandizing can be understood as a form of abnormal Bayesian inference about the self. This model draws on the predictive coding (i.e., active inference) framework, a neurobiologically plausible explanatory framework for message passing in the brain that is formalized in terms of hierarchical Bayesian inference. In summary, this model proposes that these two cardinal psychopathic (...)
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  15. Humanism.Kieran Setiya - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (4):452-70.
    Argues for a form of humanism on which we have reason to care about human beings that we do not have to care about other animals and human beings have rights against us other animals lack. Humanism respects the equal worth of those born with severe congenital cognitive disabilities. I address the charge of 'speciesism' and explain how being human is an ethically relevant fact.
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  16. Liberal Individualism and Deleuzean Relationality in Intellectual Disability.Jennifer Clegg, Elizabeth Murphy & Kathryn Almack - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):359-372.
    The promotion of rights, autonomy and choice reacts against paternalism, an early twentieth-century response to intellectual disability that suppressed individual personhood through a combination of resource limitations and poor administration. These liberal individualist concepts reflect the contemporary zeitgeist of Anglophone nations, although the strength and certainty with which these concepts are expressed in ID policy when compared with policy for other vulnerable groups suggests that they also serve a secondary function. It has been argued that excessive certainty in ID evidences (...)
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  17. Shedding Light on Implicit Processes and the Inherent Vagueness of Decision-Making Capacity.Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):333-335.
    We are grateful to Paul S. Appelbaum and Wayne Martin for their thoughtful remarks on our paper. Among the various aspects that we might address and refute in return, we have decided to focus on just two issues that we believe have potential to advance the debate. According to Appelbaum, the “assessment of an intuitive process is being predicated on a patient having the ability to reflect on determinants of which he may be completely unaware.” In this passage, he points (...)
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  18. Accounting for Intuition in Decision-Making Capacity: Rethinking the Reasoning Standard?Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):313-324.
    A patient’s decision-making capacity or competence is among the prerequisites for valid consent to medical treatment, and is regarded as the gatekeeping element in ensuring respect for patients’ self-determination. The issue is especially relevant in the case of vulnerable persons, such as patients who are cognitively or mentally impaired, and where medical decisions carry far-reaching consequences. As a grounding principle, DMC is a priori assumed, and challenged only when substantial doubts arise owing to observed or assumed deficiencies of the capacities (...)
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  19. The Subject of Intellectual Disability: A Reply to Clegg, Murphy, & Almack.Murray K. Simpson - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):373-376.
    As a starting point, Clegg, Murphy, and Almack contend that frameworks of policy fail both to engage with ethical theory and to fit with the complex realities of how services are delivered. Both of these points are well-supported both in their engagement with literature and in the research presented. Their Deleuzoguattarian analysis and Deleuzean ethical alternatives provide fresh and challenging insights. The key question in this rejoinder is whether their critique goes too far, or not far enough. To begin, however, (...)
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  20. The Perceived Meaning of Life in the Case of Parents of Children with Intellectual Disabilities.Żaneta Stelter - 2015 - Diametros 46:92-110.
    The perceived meaning of life significantly affects the quality of human life. It is of particular significance in borderline situations. One of such situations is the birth of an intellectually disabled child. The article presents the results of the study concerning the perceived meaning of life in the case of parents who bring up a child with limited intellectual abilities. The study included 87 mothers and 65 fathers bringing up an intellectually disabled child. In the studied cases, parents perceived their (...)
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  21. Confabulation.William Hirstein - 2013 - In Harold Pashler (ed.), Encyclopedia of the mind. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE publications. pp. 183-186.
  22. Philosophy of Psychiatry.Dominic Murphy - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  23. Dominic Murphy: Psychiatry in the Scientific Image. [REVIEW]Robin Brown - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):673-678.
  24. Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry. Explanation, Phenomenology and Nosology - Kenneth S. Kendler and Josef Parna. [REVIEW]Guido Caniglia - 2009 - Humana Mente 3 (9).
  25. Ethical Decisions in the Classification of Mental Conditions as Mental Illness: Mental Illness.Craig Edwards - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):73-90.
  26. Autonomy, Well-Being, Disease, and Disability.Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):59-65.
  27. Incapacity and Care: Controversies in Healthcare and Research.Helen Watts (ed.) - 2009 - Linacre Centre.
    What are the duties of carers and health professionals to people with mental incapacity? How ought we to think about the ethical and legal issues? What can any of us do to improve and safeguard the lives of those cared for? This book seeks to examine in detail and find ethically robust answers to such questions. Among the topics discussed are withholding treatment, tube-feeding patients with dementia, the 'persistent vegetative state', medical research, and sterilisation of intellectually disabled adults. Contributors come (...)
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  28. Alzheimer Disease, MCI and Beyond.Building A. Mystery - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):61-74.
  29. Introduction: The Heat of Mild Cognitive Impairment.Julian C. Hughes - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):1-2.
  30. Mild Cognitive Impairment Is Relevant.Ronald C. Petersen - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):45-49.
  31. Universal Repression From Consciousness Versus Abnormal Dissociation From Self-Consciousness.G. Robert - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5).
  32. Mild Cognitive Impairment: What's in a Name?Steven R. Sabat - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):13-20.
  33. The Ambiguities of Mild Cognitive Impairment.Timothy Thornton - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):21-27.
  34. Mild Cognitive Impairment: Kinds, Ethics, and Market Forces.Stephen Ticehurst - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):53-55.
  35. Demystifying the Mystery of Alzheimer's as Late, No Longer Mild Cognitive Impairment.Peter J. Whitehouse - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):87-88.
  36. Intuition and Autism: A Possible Role for Von Economo Neurons.John M. Allman, Karli K. Watson, Nicole A. Tetreault & Atiya Y. Hakeem - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (8):367-373.
  37. Implicit and Explicit Temporality.Thomas Fuchs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):195-198.
  38. Autism: Disembodied Existence.Giovanni Stanghellini & Massimo Ballerini - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):259-268.
  39. A Contribution to the Study of Autism: The Interrogative Attitude.Eugene Minkowski, R. Targowla & Salaheddine Ziadeh - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):271-278.
  40. Introduction to Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral Philosophy.Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson - 2000 - Metaphilosophy 31 (5):449-451.
  41. Does a Philosophy of the Brain Tell Us Anything New About Psychomotor Disorders?Sean A. Spence - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (3):227-229.
  42. Commentary on" The Time Frame of Preferences, Dispositions, and the Validity of Advance Directives for the Mentally Ill".Rebecca Dresser - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):247-249.
  43. Commentary on" False Memory Syndrome and the Authority of Personal Memory-Claims".M. J. Eacott - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):305-307.
  44. Response to the Commentaries.Andy Hamilton - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):311-316.
  45. Response to the Commentaries.M. J. Philpott - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):33-35.
  46. Commentary on" A Phenomenology of Dyslexia".Georgina Rippon - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):25-27.
  47. The Time Frame of Preferences, Dispositions, and the Validity of Advance Directives for the Mentally Ill.Julian Savulescu & Donna Dickenson - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):225-246.
  48. Commentary on" A Phenomenology of Dyslexia".Guy Widdershoven - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):29-31.
  49. Commentary on" A Phenomenology of Dyslexia".John Wiltshire & Paul A. Komesaroff - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):21-23.
  50. The Myths of Learning Disabilities: The Social Construction of a Disorder.G. E. Zuriff - 1996 - Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (4):395-405.
    The distinction between students diagnosed with a learning disability and those considered merely slow learners is based on conceptually flawed assumptions that: 1) LD represents a brain dysfunction while SL does not; 2) LD is a well-defined disorder; 3) valid measurement instruments distinguish LD and SL; 4) special education for students with LD is fundamentally different from that for SL students. These erroneous beliefs are maintained because governmental legislation transformed a diagnosis of LD into an admission ticket to a variety (...)
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