Results for ' naturalists'

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  1.  13
    Disenchanted Naturalism.Disenchanted Naturalism - unknown
    Naturalism is the label for the thesis that the tools we should use in answering philosophical problems are the methods and findings of the mature sciences—from physics across to biology and increasingly neuroscience. It enables us to rule out answers to philosophical questions that are incompatible with scientific findings. It enables us to rule out epistemological pluralism—that the house of knowledge has many mansions, as well as skepticism about the reach of science. It bids us doubt that there are facts (...)
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  2. Noological argument 2.6.Searle'S. Biological Naturalism - 2002 - In William Lane Craig (ed.), Philosophy of religion: a reader and guide. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. pp. 15--155.
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  3.  4
    Thomas E. uebel* Neurath's programme for.Naturalistic Epistemology - 1996 - In Sahotra Sarkar (ed.), The legacy of the Vienna circle: modern reappraisals. New York: Garland. pp. 6--283.
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  4. Appelros, Erica (2002) God in the Act of Reference: Debating Religious Realism and Non-realism. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co., $69.95, 212 pp. Barnes, Michael (2002) Theology and the Dialogue of Religions. New York: Cambridge University Press, $25.00, 274 pp. [REVIEW]Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism - 2003 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 53:61-63.
     
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  5. Only All Naturalists Should Worry About Only One Evolutionary Debunking Argument.Tomas Bogardus - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):636-661.
    Do the facts of evolution generate an epistemic challenge to moral realism? Some think so, and many “evolutionary debunking arguments” have been discussed in the recent literature. But they are all murky right where it counts most: exactly which epistemic principle is meant to take us from evolutionary considerations to the skeptical conclusion? Here, I will identify several distinct species of evolutionary debunking argument in the literature, each one of which relies on a distinct epistemic principle. Drawing on recent work (...)
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  6.  98
    Religion for Naturalists.Natalja Deng - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2):195-214.
    Some naturalists feel an affinity with some religions, or with a particular religion. They may have previously belonged to it, and/or been raised in it, and/or be close to people who belong to it, and/or simply feel attracted to its practices, texts and traditions. This raises the question of whether and to what extent a naturalist can lead the life of a religious believer. The sparse literature on this topic focuses on religious fictionalism. I also frame the debate in (...)
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  7.  10
    Why subject naturalists need pragmatic genealogy.Paul D. G. Showler - 2021 - Synthese 199 (1-2):4313-4335.
    Huw Price’s subject naturalism has emerged as a leading pragmatist position within recent debates surrounding philosophical naturalism. Unlike orthodox views which tend to be guided by metaphysical questions about the “place” of, for instance, the mind, meaning, and morality within the natural world, subject naturalism focuses philosophical attention on language-users and the functions that certain concepts play within discursive practices. This paper considers two objections to subject naturalism and argues that they can be overcome by looking to the methodological insights (...)
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  8.  4
    Are naturalists materialists?Ernest Nagel - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (19):515-53.
  9. David Copp, University of California, Davis.Legal Teleology : A. Naturalist Account of the Normativity Of Law - 2019 - In Toh Kevin, Plunkett David & Shapiro Scott (eds.), Dimensions of Normativity: New Essays on Metaethics and Jurisprudence. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  10.  3
    Naturalists of the Frontier. Samuel Wood Geiser.Charles A. Kofoid - 1938 - Isis 29 (1):129-132.
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  11.  1
    English Naturalists from Neckam to RayCharles E. Raven.Conway Zirkle - 1948 - Isis 39 (3):196-197.
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  12.  9
    Nietzsche Contra the Naturalists.David Sherman - 2024 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 55 (1):67-96.
    Even among scholars who emphasize Nietzsche’s naturalism (“the naturalists”), what it actually involves is disputed. This article identifies the foundations of Nietzsche’s naturalism and then elaborates on these foundations through a critical analysis of the works of those naturalists who also identify them. Nietzsche is a methodological naturalist, who, epistemically, is a reliabilist, and while he acknowledges the innate limitations of our cognitive inheritance, which is reflected in his perspectivism, he sees no reason to conclude that we cannot (...)
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  13. The Naturalists and the Supernatural.William M. Shea - 1987 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 23 (4):597-604.
     
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  14. Why Naturalists Should Mind about Physicalism, and Vice Versa.Peter Williams - 2002 - Quodlibet 4.
  15.  4
    British Naturalists in the Contact Zone.Peder Anker - 2005 - Metascience 14 (2):155-169.
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  16.  9
    Representing ethical reality: a guide for worldly non-naturalists.William J. FitzPatrick - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):548-568.
    Ethical realists hold that our ethical concepts, thoughts, and claims are in the business of representing ethical reality, by representing evaluative or normative properties and facts as aspects of reality, and that such representations are at least sometimes accurate. Non-naturalist realists add the further claim that ethical properties and facts are ultimately non-natural, though they are nonetheless worldly. My aim is threefold: to elucidate the sort of representation involved in ethical evaluation on realist views; to clarify what exactly is represented (...)
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  17. Francisco v'zquez Garcia.Etla Les Metaphores Naturalistes & Naissance de la Biopolitique En Espagne - 2007 - Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme 116:193.
     
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  18.  3
    Mario DE CARO (University of Roma Tre, Italy).Naturalism Davidson’S. - 2008 - In Maria Cristina Amoretti & Nicla Vassallo (eds.), Knowledge, Language, and Interpretation: On the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Ontos Verlag. pp. 183.
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  19.  4
    Are naturalists materialists? Reply to prof. Ruja.Dale Riepe - 1957 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 18 (3):382-383.
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  20.  7
    Are naturalists materialists?Harry Ruja - 1956 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17 (June):555-557.
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  21.  6
    Are naturalists materialists?W. H. Sheldon - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (April):197-209.
  22. Australasian Journal of Philosophy Contents of Volume 90.Darkness Visible, Against Normative Naturalism & Why Be an Agent - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4).
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  23.  4
    A typology.Biological Naturalism Searle’S. - 2010 - In Jan G. Michel, Dirk Franken & Attila Karakus (eds.), John R. Searle: Thinking about the Real World. Frankfurt: ontos/de Gruyter. pp. 73.
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  24.  9
    Should Methodological Naturalists Commit to Metaphysical Naturalism?Zahra Zargar, Ebrahim Azadegan & Lotfollah Nabavi - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (1):185-193.
    It is widely supposed that methodological naturalism, understood as a thesis about the methodology of science, is metaphysically neutral, and that this in turn guarantees the value-neutrality of science. In this paper we argue that methodological naturalism is underpinned by certain ontological and epistemological assumptions including evidentialism and the causal closure of the physical, adoption of which necessitates commitment to metaphysical naturalism.
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  25.  18
    Should Methodological Naturalists Commit to Metaphysical Naturalism?Zahra Zargar, Ebrahim Azadegan & Lotfollah Nabavi - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-9.
    It is widely supposed that methodological naturalism, understood as a thesis about the methodology of science, is metaphysically neutral, and that this in turn guarantees the value-neutrality of science. In this paper we argue that methodological naturalism is underpinned by certain ontological and epistemological assumptions including evidentialism and the causal closure of the physical, adoption of which necessitates commitment to metaphysical naturalism.
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  26.  4
    Defending metropolitan identity through colonial politics: The role of Portuguese naturalists.Daniel Gamito-Marques - 2018 - History of Science 56 (2):224-253.
    This paper explores how João de Andrade Corvo and José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage, two nineteenth-century Portuguese naturalists, were able to reach prominent political positions in their country by means of their work in, respectively, botany and agriculture, and zoology. The authority they derived from their scientific activities and the knowledge they acquired in the process, favored by their proximity to particular political quarters, elevated them to important governmental offices, in the context of which they implemented policies that reinforced (...)
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  27.  16
    Experimentalists and Naturalists in Twentieth-Century Botany: Experimental Taxonomy, 1920-1950. [REVIEW]Joel B. Hagen - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):249 - 270.
    Experimental taxonomy was a diverse area of research, and botanists who helped develop it were motivated by a variety of concerns. While experimental taxonomy was never totally a taxonomic enterprise, improvement in classification was certainly one major motivation behind the research. Hall's and Clements' belief that experimental methods added more objectivity to classification was almost universally accepted by experimental taxonomists. Such methods did add a new dimension to taxonomy — a dimension that field and herbarium studies, however rigorous, could not (...)
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  28. Getting a Moral Thing Into a Thought: Metasemantics for Non-Naturalists.Preston J. Werner - 2010 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 140-169.
    Non-naturalism is the view that normative properties are response-independent, irreducible to natural properties, and causally inefficacious. An underexplored question for non-naturalism concerns the metasemantics of normative terms. Ideally, the non-naturalist could remain ecumenical, but it appears they cannot. Call this challenge the metasemantic challenge. This chapter suggests that non-naturalists endorse an epistemic account of reference determination of the sort recently defended by Imogen Dickie, with some modifications. An important implication of this account is that, if correct, a fully fleshed (...)
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  29.  6
    The Many Books of Nature: Renaissance Naturalists and Information Overload.Brian W. Ogilvie - 2003 - Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (1):29-40.
    Early Renaissance naturalists worked to identify the plans described in ancient sources. But during the middle decades of the sixteenth century, naturalists instead began to describe and name plans unknown to the ancients. They also divided nature much more finely, distinguishing species that their predecessors had lumped together. As a result, they created an information overload. Dictionaries of synonyms and local flora were invented in the early seventeenth century as partial solutions to this problem of information overload.
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  30.  8
    Experimentalists and naturalists in twentieth-century botany: Experimental taxonomy, 1920?1950.Joel B. Hagen - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):249-270.
  31.  9
    Normativity For Naturalists.Brian Leiter - 2015 - Philosophical Issues 25 (1):64-79.
  32. That most European naturalists before Darwin did not think that species change was possible.Pietro Corsi - 2024 - In Kostas Kampourakis (ed.), Darwin mythology: debunking myths, correcting falsehoods. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  33.  20
    Hume and Nietzsche: Naturalists, Ethicists, Anti-Christians.Craig Beam - 1996 - Hume Studies 22 (2):299-324.
  34.  13
    Shaping Public Perception: Polish Illustrated Press and the Image of Polish Naturalists Working in Latin America, 1844–1885.Aleksandra Kaye - 2023 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 46 (2-3):158-180.
    This article will investigate the ways in which Polish illustrated press contributed to communicating and reporting the work of Polish émigré naturalists working in Latin America to the Polish general public living in the Prussian, Russian and Austrian partitions of the Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth 1844–1885. It examines the ways in which illustrations were used to shape the public's opinion about the significance of these migrants’ scientific achievements. The Polish illustrated press, its authors and editors were instrumental in shaping the public's (...)
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  35.  4
    The Ecologists: From Merry Naturalists to Saviours of the Nation. Thomas Soderqvist.Eugene Cittadino - 1987 - Isis 78 (3):463-464.
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  36.  4
    Last of the Naturalists: The Career of C. Hart MerriamKeir B. SterlingSelected WorksClinton Hart Merriam.Frank N. Egerton - 1976 - Isis 67 (3):502-503.
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  37.  4
    Last of the Naturalists: The Career of C. Hart MerriamKeir B. Sterling.Frank N. Egerton - 1978 - Isis 69 (2):314-314.
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  38.  3
    The Five Great Naturalists of the Sixteenth Century: Belon, Rondelet, Salviani, Gesner and Aldrovandi: A Chapter in the History of Ichthyology.E. W. Gudger - 1934 - Isis 22 (1):21-40.
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  39.  3
    Impressions of Great Naturalists. Henry Fairfield Osborn.Raoul M. May - 1926 - Isis 8 (1):188-189.
  40.  4
    Lewis and Clark: Pioneering Naturalists. Paul Russell Cutright.Harry L. Rinker - 1972 - Isis 63 (2):289-290.
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  41.  1
    Note to naturalists on the human spirit.Thelma Z. Lavine - 1953 - Journal of Philosophy 50 (5):145-154.
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  42.  1
    The Naturalists and the Supernatural: Studies in Horizon and an American Philosophy of Religion. By William M. Shea. [REVIEW]F. J. Malecek - 1987 - Modern Schoolman 65 (1):77-77.
  43.  12
    Spirituality for naturalists.Jerome A. Stone - 2012 - Zygon 47 (3):481-500.
    Abstract The views of eleven writers who develop a naturalized spirituality, from Baruch Spinoza and George Santayana to Sam Harris, André Comte-Sponville, Ursula Goodenough, and Sharon Welch and others are presented. Then the writer's own theory is developed. This is a pluralistic notion of sacredness, an adjective referring to unmanipulable events of overriding importance. The difficulties in using traditional religious words, such as God and spiritual are addressed.
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  44. Religion for Naturalists and the Meaning of Belief.Natalja Deng - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (3):157-174.
    This article relates the philosophical discussion on naturalistic religious practice to Tim Crane’s The Meaning of Belief: Religion from an Atheist’s Point of View, in which he claims that atheists can derive no genuine solace from religion. I argue that Crane’s claim is a little too strong. There is a sense in which atheists can derive solace from religion and that fact is worth acknowledging.
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  45.  4
    12. “The Field Naturalists of Human Nature”: Anthropology Congeals into a Discipline, 1840–1910.James Turner - 2014 - In Philology: The Forgotten Origins of the Modern Humanities. Princeton University Press. pp. 328-356.
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  46.  5
    Three-Dimensional Phylogeny in Two Dimensions: How Darwin and Other Nineteenth-Century Naturalists Created Three-Dimensional Figures of the Natural System by Combining Trees of Life and Maps of Affinity.Kees van Putten - 2021 - Journal of the History of Biology 54 (4):639-687.
    The two great modern naturalists, Linnaeus and Darwin, expressed their intuition about how best to visualize patterns of affinities, that is, morphological similarities and divergences between taxa. Linnaeus suggested that “all plants show affinities on all sides, like a territory on a geographical map,” while Darwin thought that it was virtually impossible to understand the affinities between living and extinct species without a genealogical tree. Genealogical trees follow the diachronic, evolving logic of a timeline, whereas maps depict a synchronous (...)
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  47.  9
    What Is Naturalism? And Should We Be Naturalists?William Hasker - 2013 - Philosophia Christi 15 (1):21-34.
    It seems reasonable to seek a definition of naturalism, yet an accurate general definition proves to be elusive. After considering proposals from Quine, Nagel, and Chalmers, I propose that naturalism as understood by the majority of contemporary naturalists is best defined by the conjunction of mind-body supervenience, an understanding of the physical as mechanistic, and the causal closure of the physical domain. I then argue that naturalism so defined is in principle unable to account for the existence of rationality; (...)
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  48. Prospecting for drugs : European naturalists in the West Indies.Londa Schiebinger - 2011 - In Sandra G. Harding (ed.), The postcolonial science and technology studies reader. Durham: Duke University Press.
     
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  49. David Elliston Allen, Naturalists and Society.M. Ghiselin - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (1):131-131.
     
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  50.  1
    A suggestion for naturalists.D. W. Gotshalk - 1948 - Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):5-12.
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