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923 found
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  1. Formal and Universal Unity in Suarez.M. Sanepour - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 30.
    The difference between Suarez and Scotus's ideas of "denomination" has given rise to the development of two different theories: 1) the theory of the dependence of actual universals on man's mind; and 2) Scotus's nominalist theory.The examination of such accidental and essential views of denomination reveals that, according to Suarez, the denomination of universal natures is of the accidental type, and the result of the referential similarity which is based on the causal relation between the existing objective truth and the (...)
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  2. Richard Cross.Therese Scarpelli Cory - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Vivarium.
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  3. Complexity without Composition in advance.Jeff Steele & Thomas Williams - forthcoming - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
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  4. Why There Wasn't, and How There Can Be, a Latin Social Trinity.Scott M. Williams - forthcoming - In Christine Helmer & Shannon Craigo-Snell (eds.), Claiming God: Essays in Honor of Marilyn McCord Adams. pp. 153-174.
    In this chapter I want to focus on what it might mean to speak of the “Trinitarian friendship circle.” There are at least two ways to consider this friendship circle. One way is to consider the Trinity in itself, which is what theologians call the “immanent Trinity.” If we consider a “Trinitarian friendship circle” with regard to the immanent Trinity, then we would be talking about whether before the creation of the world, the three di- vine persons were in some (...)
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  5. From Searle to Scotus and Back: Institutions, Powers, and Mary.Michaël Bauwens - 2023 - Heythrop Journal (1):3-15.
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  6. Can God Immediately Produce a Necessary Effect? Some Remarks on Gloria Frost’s Aquinas and Scotus on the Source of Contingency.Francesco Binotto - 2022 - Noctua 9 (1):79-103.
    This discussion note aims to call into question the first part of Gloria Frost’s article, Aquinas and Scotus on the Source of Contingency, devoted to Aquinas’s thought on the source of contingency in creation. I shall discuss three controversial claims that represent the key points of Frost’s interpretation of Aquinas’s account on contingency: with re spect to existence, every creature exists contingently on the grounds that no creature is necessarily willed by God; with respect to cause-and-effect relationship, only those effects (...)
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  7. Analogous Unity in the Writings of John Duns Scotus.Domenic D'Ettore - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (4):561-589.
    Abstractabstract:Aristotle identifies four modes of unity: numerical, specific, generic, and proportional or analogous. Recent scholarship has renewed the Renaissance and early Modern Thomist critique that John Duns Scotus's (d. 1308) doctrine of the univocity of being is based on a failure to appreciate proportional unity. This paper attempts to fill a gap in the copious literature on Scotus's doctrine of the univocity of being by presenting and offering an analysis of the texts where Scotus addresses the topic of proportional or (...)
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  8. A Metaphysics of Creation for the Information Age: A Dialogue with Duns Scotus.Liran Shia Gordon - 2022 - London: Lexington Books.
    The metaphysical and theological writings of John Duns Scotus (1265/6-1308)—one of the most intriguing, albeit if now nigh-forgotten philosophers of the late Middle Ages—were seminal in the emergence of modernity. A Metaphysics of Creation for the Information Age: A Dialogue with Duns Scotus uses the prism of the concept of Creation as the leitmotif to assemble and interpret Scotus’s system of thought in a unified manner. In doing so, Liran Shia Gordon reframes Scotus’s metaphysics such that it confronts the challenges (...)
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  9. Duns Scotus's Doctrine of Categories and Meaning.Martin Heidegger - 2022 - Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.
    Duns Scotus's Doctrine of Categories and Meaning is a key text for the origins of Martin Heidegger's concept of "facticity." Originally submitted as a doctoral thesis in 1915, it focuses on the 13th-century philosopher-theologian John Duns Scotus. Heidegger first analyzes Scotus's doctrine of categories, then offers a meticulous explanation of the Grammatica Speculativa, a work of medieval grammar now known to be authored by the Modist grammarian Thomas of Erfurt. Taken together, these investigations represent an early foray into Heidegger's lifelong (...)
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  10. John Duns Scotus on Grace and the Trinitarian Missions.Mitchell J. Kennard - 2022 - Brill.
    A presentation of Franciscan theologian John Duns Scotus as a significant contributor to the medieval theology of grace, worthy of careful contemporary consideration.
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  11. Duns Scotus on Atonement and Penance.Guus H. Labooy & P. M. Wisse - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (5):940-951.
    In this historical contribution, we assess Duns Scotus’s analysis of atonement (Commentary on the Sentences bk. III). We also include a partial exploration of his analysis of penance (Sentences bk. IV), because certain topics which we tend to discuss within atonement-theory, for example the analysis of the virtue of punishment, pertained to the subject of penance for Scotus. In recent scholarship, Andrew Rosato has argued that Scotus adapted the Anselmian non-penal view of Christ’s substitutionary satisfaction to the penal understanding of (...)
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  12. Making Room for Miracles: John Duns Scotus on Homeless Accidents.Giorgio Pini - 2022 - Res Philosophica 99 (2):121-137.
    In this article, I consider Duns Scotus’s treatment of accidents existing without substances in the Eucharist to shed light on how he thinks Aristotle’s metaphysics should be modified to make room for miracles. In my reconstruction, Duns Scotus makes two changes to Aristotle’s metaphysics. First, he distinguishes a given thing’s natural inclinations from the manifestations of those inclinations. Second, he argues that it is up to God’s free decisions whether a thing’s aptitudes manifest or do not manifest themselves in any (...)
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  13. Scotus and Grosseteste on Phantasms and Illumination.Brett W. Smith - 2022 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 96 (4):597-617.
    This article examines the reception of Robert Grosseteste by John Duns Scotus on two related questions in epistemology. The first concerns the need of phantasms for cognition, and the second concerns divine illumination. The study first examines Scotus’s Questions on the De Anima with comparison to Grosseteste’s Commentary on the Posterior Analytics, a text Scotus cites specifically. It is argued that Grosseteste is the main influence behind Scotus’s opinion that the need for phantasms is not proper to human nature as (...)
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  14. God and God’s beloved: A constructive re-reading of Scotus’s supralapsarian Christological argument.Edwin Chr van Driel - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (5):995-1006.
    In this essay I argue that John Duns Scotus offers two arguments to support his well-known supralapsarian Christological position: a formal argument based on the ordering within God’s will, and a material argument based on the ordering of God’s love. While the latter is constructively more fruitful, its most natural reading, according to which God becomes incarnate so as to be loved not just by Godself but also by another, is also inconsistent with Scotus’s own account of the metaphysics of (...)
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  15. Original Sin according to John Duns Scotus.O. F. M. Ernesto Dezza - 2021 - Franciscan Studies 79 (1):111-132.
    This article is intended to offer a textual and evaluative presentation of the theory of original sin as elaborated by the Franciscan master John Duns Scotus, the “Subtle Doctor.”While there are many studies and articles about Scotus’ ethics, few are devoted to what is considered the root of evil human behavior, and hardly any analyze the text of the Subtle Doctor in any sufficient depth.1 Perhaps because this topic belongs more strictly to theology, it is seldom considered in depth by (...)
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  16. Radical natural theologies from duns scotus to christian wolff. Introduction.Alberto Frigo - 2021 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 4:607-612.
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  17. Three competing views of God's causation of creaturely actions : Aquinas, Scotus and Olivi.Gloria Frost - 2021 - In Gregory E. Ganssle (ed.), Philosophical Essays on Divine Causation. Routledge.
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  18. Duns Scotus on Identities — I Mean, Mereological Fusions.J. T. Paasch - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1270-1306.
    Theoria, Volume 87, Issue 5, Page 1270-1306, October 2021.
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  19. Duns Scotus on Identities — I Mean, Mereological Fusions.J. T. Paasch - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1270-1306.
    I argue that Scotus's formal distinction is a mereological fusion relation rather than an identity relation. I construct mereological models which adequately represent Scotus's theory.
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  20. Between Aristotle and Scotus : Suárez on the duty to punish.Daniel Schwartz - 2021 - In Dominique Bauer & Randall Lesaffer (eds.), History, casuistry and custom in the legal thought of Francisco Suárez (1548-1617): collected studies. Brill Nijhoff.
  21. The Weaker and Stronger Senses of Scotus's Formal Distinction.Guido J. Alt - 2020 - In Roberto Hofmeister Pich, Alfredo Storck & Alfredo Culleton (eds.), Homo, Natura, Mundus: Human Beings and Their Relationships (Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale, 22). Turnhout: Brepols.
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  22. Being as First Known and the Analogy or Univocity of Being: Scotus versus Cajetan.Domenic D'ettore - 2020 - Review of Metaphysics 73 (4):741-770.
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  23. Thomas, Scotus, and Ockham on the Object of Hope.Thomas M. Osborne - 2020 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 87:1-26.
    Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham disagree over how and whether virtues are specified by their objects. For Thomas, habits and acts are specified by their formal objects. For instance, the object of theft is something that belongs to someone else, and more particularly theft is distinct from robbery because theft is the open taking of another’s good, whereas robbery is open and violent. A habit such as a virtue or a vice shares or takes the act’s (...)
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  24. Quando Duns Scoto ha cambiato idea sulla volontà? La causa del volere secondo la quaestio 6 delle Collationes parisienses.Guido Alliney - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 604-640.
    The paper deals with the question of the development of Duns Scotus’ thought on the causes of the will: is the intellect a contributory cause of the choice (as claimed in the writings of the Oxford period), or is it only an occasion for it (as stated in the last works, written in Paris)? The collatio 6, probably discussed in 1301, immediately after the arrival of the Scottish theologian in Paris, still defends the doctrine of the intellect as a contributory (...)
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  25. Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Raccolti da Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina e Andrea Strazzoni.Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.) - 2019 - Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni.
    Raccolta di saggi sulla storia della filosofia rinascimentale e moderna.
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  26. Nature, Will and Virtue: Anti-Naturalist Features of John Duns Scotus's Ethics.Michal Chabada - 2019 - Pro-Fil 20 (2):42-57.
    Hlavným cieľom práce je identifikovať antinaturalistické črty etiky Dunsa Scota. Predpokladom je objasnenie pojmu naturalizmu. V teoretickej filozofii je možné rozlíšiť metafyzický, vedecko-metodologický a sémanticko-analytický naturalizmus. V praktickej filozofii je naturalizmus prítomný v etike cnosti, v ktorej sa pri dosahovaní dobrého života pracuje s pojmom ľudskej prirodzenosti a emočno-afektívna stránka človeka je relevantným prvkom etického uvažovania. Voči nej stojí etika pravidiel, podľa ktorej je zdrojom morálne dobrého ľudská racionalita, prax má byť formovaná podľa poznania rozumu a emocionalita je v tomto (...)
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  27. ‘All is Foreseen, and Freedom of Choice is Granted’: A Scotistic Examination of God's Freedom, Divine Foreknowledge and the Arbitrary Use of Power.Liran Shia Gordon - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (5):711-726.
    Following an Open conception of Divine Foreknowledge, that holds that man is endowed with genuine freedom and so the future is not definitely determined, it will be claimed that human freedom does not limit the divine power, but rather enhances it and presents us with a barrier against arbitrary use of that power. This reading will be implemented to reconcile a well-known quarrel between two important interpreters of Duns Scotus, Allan B. Wolter and Thomas Williams, each of whom supports a (...)
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  28. Causality and Becoming: Scotistic Reflections.Liran Shia Gordon - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (1):95-110.
    Becoming is a process in which a thing moves from one state to another. In Section 1, the study will elaborate on the discussion of the Aristotelian causes taken broadly, primarily focusing on the relation between efficient and final causes. In Section 2, the study discusses the implications of Scotus’s conception of freedom, as it is reflected in the relation of the future to the past, for the efficient and final causalities. Similarly in Section 3 an examination of Scotus’s conception (...)
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  29. Incarnating the Impassible God: A Scotistic Transcendental Account of the Passions of the Soul.Liran Shia Gordon - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 2 (62):1081-1098.
    The problem of divine impassibility, i.e., of whether the divine nature in Christ could suffer, stands at the center of a debate regarding the nature of God and his relation to us. Whereas philosophical reasoning regarding the divine nature maintains that the divine is immutable and perfect in every respect, theological needs generated an ever-growing demand for a passionate God truly able to participate in the suffering of his creatures. Correlating with the different approaches of Thomas Aquinas and John Duns (...)
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  30. From Thomas Aquinas to the 1350s.Eric W. Hagedorn - 2019 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 55-76.
    An overview of debates in ethical theory within Christian Scholasticism in the decades after Thomas Aquinas.
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  31. Traité des catégories et de la signification chez Duns Scot.Martin Heidegger - 2019 - Gallimard.
    "L'intérêt de cet ouvrage qui a précédé immédiatement la méditation de Sein und Zeit est aujourd'hui, de l'avis même de son auteur, d'illustrer la constance dans son oeuvre d'une double préoccupation : le problème de la langue et le problème de l'être. Jeune philosophe, il a déjà publié une thèse de doctorat concernant la logique. Mais sa thèse d'habilitation, que voici, le montre aux prises avec le projet d'une instauration radicale de la philosophie". Bulletin Gallimard n°239, hiver 1970.
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  32. Band 1. Trinität. Zur Einführung: christliche Trinitätstheologie als Modifikation des klassischen Theismus? / Thomas Marschler, Thomas Schärtl. Thomas Aquinas's trinitarian theology: the triune God / Gilles Emery OP. Duns Scotus, the Trinity, and sameness with and without identity / Richard Cross. Einheit und nicht zählbare Dreiheit: Trinitätstheologie des Nicolaus Cusanus / Johannes Stoffers SJ. Die idealistische Trinitätsspekulation und ihr Einfluss auf die protestantische Theologie / Jan Rohls. Kritische Ansätze in der katholischen Trinitätstheologie des 19 Jahrhunderts: Jakob Zukrigl (1807-1876) und Johann Nepomuk Oischinger (1817-1876) / Thomas Marschler. Trinitatslehre als Theorie des göttlichen Selbstvollzugs / Thomas Schärtl. The unfinished business of the Reformation / Dale Tuggy. Panentheismus und Trinitätstheologie: Pladoyer für einen Paradigmenwechsel der Denkform / Klaus Müller. Trinität und Postmoderne: unterwegs zum Grund der Geschichte / Karlheinz Ruhstor. [REVIEW]Wilfried HärleTrinitarische Ontologie - 2019 - In Andreas Riester, Katharina Wiedemann, Thomas Marschler & Thomas Schärtl (eds.), Herausforderungen und Modifikationen des klassischen Theismus. Aschendorff Verlag.
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  33. Scotus versus Aquinas on Instrumental Causality.Jean-Luc Solére - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 7 (1).
    The medieval notion of instrumental cause is not limited to what we call today “instruments” or “tools.” It extends way beyond the realm of technology and includes natural entities, for instance, the accidents by which a substance acts on another substance, sensible species in the air acting on a visual faculty, sacraments, bodily organs, and sometimes creatures with respect to God’s action. In all these cases, instrumental causes, like secondary causes in general, are subordinated to a principal cause and contribute (...)
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  34. Essere è volere. Il problema dell’onnipotenza in Duns Scoto.Gian Pietro Soliani - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 263-358.
    The aim of this article is to examine Duns Scotus’ account of divine omnipotence. I shall firstly consider his doctrine of the objective possible and the distinction between logical potency and metaphysical potency. Secondly, by drawing on Scotus’ main texts on divine omnipotence (especially the Quodlibet VII), I will argue that, in his view, God’s omnipotence is not demonstrable, but at the same time is not an irrational concept, as Aristotle and many Medieval philosophi claimed. Finally, I shall discuss the (...)
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  35. A Most Mitigated Friar.Thomas M. Ward - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (3):385-409.
    In his ethical writings, Duns Scotus emphasized both divine freedom and natural goodness, and these seem to conflict with each other in various ways. I offer an interpretation of Scotus which takes seriously these twin emphases and shows how they cohere. I argue that, for Scotus, all natural laws obtain just by the natures of actual things. Divine commands, such as the Ten Commandments, contingently track natural laws but do not make natural laws to be natural laws. I present textual (...)
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  36. Le radici logiche e metafisiche della filosofia naturale parigina: volontà e ordine della natura nel pensiero di Buridano.Fabio Zanin - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 395-432.
    Till just few decades ago, scholars used to use the label ‘Ockhamism’ to mark a turning-point in the history of mediaeval philosophy, above all in the history of natural philosophy. That turning-point was exemplified by the once so-called ‘Buridanian school’, today known simply as ‘Parisian school of natural philosophy’, whose leading representative was for sure John Buridan. But looking carefully at some crucial points of the Picard master’s idea of ‘nature’, concerning specifically the relationship between God and secondary causes on (...)
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  37. Testimony, Error, and Reasonable Belief in Medieval Religious Epistemology.Richard Cross - 2018 - In Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Dani Rabinowitz (eds.), Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  38. Duns Scotus's Epistemic Argument against Divine Illumination.Billy Dunaway - 2018 - In Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Dani Rabinowitz (eds.), Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 29-53.
  39. Duns Scotus on freedom as a pure perfection: necessity and contingency.Cruz González-Ayesta - 2018 - In Margaret Cameron (ed.), Philosophy of Mind in the Early and High Middle Ages: The History of the Philosophy of Mind. Routledge.
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  40. Differentiation and Distinction: On the Problem of Individuation from Scotus to Deleuze.Gil Morejón - 2018 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 12 (3):353-373.
    In this paper I present an interpretation of Deleuze's concept of the virtual. I argue that this concept is best understood in relation to the problematic of individuation or differentiation, which Deleuze inherits from Duns Scotus. After analysing Scotus' critique of Aristotelian or hylomorphic approaches to the problem of individuation, I turn to Deleuze's account of differentiation and his interpretation of the calculus in chapter 4 of Difference and Repetition. The paper seeks thereby to explicate Deleuze's dialectics or theory of (...)
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  41. Intellectual Memory and Consciousness in Descartes’s Philosophy of Mind.Dániel Schmal - 2018 - Society and Politics 12 (2):28-49.
    Although Descartes’s ideas regarding consciousness and memory have been studied extensively, few attempts have been made to address their systemic relations. In order to redress this deficiency, I argue in favor of three interrelated theses. The first is that intellectual memory has a crucial role to play in Descartes’s concept of consciousness, especially when it comes to explaining higher forms of consciousness. Second, the connection between memory and consciousness has been obscured by the fact that intellectual memory, taken as a (...)
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  42. John Duns Scotus: a life.A. Vos - 2018 - Kampen: Summum.
    Johannes Duns Scotus (1266-1308) was one of the greatest medieval theologians. He joined the Franciscan order and soon stood out because of his acumen. The ideas he developed about the non-necessity of reality became very influential, also in Reformed theology. The life of Duns Scotus is difficult to reconstruct. This biography provides an overview of the state of research and therefore of the life of Duns in his native Scotland, England, where he was educated, France, where he taught, and Germany, (...)
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  43. John Duns Scotus: Selected Writings on Ethics by Thomas Williams.William Crozier - 2017 - Franciscan Studies 75:541-546.
    Even amongst those with only a cursory knowledge of the moral philosophy of John Duns Scotus, the association of Scotus's thought with voluntarism is well known. Next to his much-discussed, highly controversial theory of the univocity of being, Scotus's ethical thought, particularly his interpretation of the role of God's will in dictating moral norms, remains one of the most disputed – and arguably most misunderstood – areas of his philosophical synthesis. As Efrem Bettoni noted many years ago, Scotus's understanding of (...)
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  44. Quasi-Aristotelians and Proto-Scotists.William O. Duba - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):60-84.
    In a seminal article, Simo Knuuttila and Anja Inkeri Lehtinen drew attention to a “curious doctrine” holding that contradictories can be true at the same temporal instant, and identified the major defenders of the doctrine as John Baconthorpe, Landolfo Caracciolo, and Hugh of Novocastro. Normann Kretzmann later asserted as fact the suggestion by Knuuttila and Inkeri Lehtinen that the doctrine comes from a misreading of a passage from Aristotle’s Physics. In fact, a study of the relevant texts reveals that Hugh (...)
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  45. Scotus on Sense, Medium, and Sensible Object.D. G. Ginocchio - 2017 - In Daniel Heider, Lukáš Lička & Marek Otisk (eds.), Perception in Scholastics and Their Interlocutors. Filosofia.
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  46. Rethinking Intuitive Cognition: Duns Scotus and the Possibility of the Autonomy of Human Thought.Liran Shia Gordon - 2017 - Philosophy and Theology 29 (2):221-276.
    This study will examine the ontological dependency between the thinking act of the intellect and the intelligibility of the objects of thought. Whereas the intellectual tradition prior to Duns Scotus grounds the formation of the objects of thought and our ability to understand them with certainty in different forms of participation in the divine intellect, Scotus shows that the intelligibility of the objects of thought is internal to them alone and is not dependent on participation.
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  47. Understanding John Duns Scotus: of realty the rarest-veined unraveller.Mary Beth Ingham - 2017 - St. Bonaventure, New York: Franciscan Institute Publications.
    Franciscan commitments -- Creation: a metaphysics of the particular -- Cognition, language, and reality -- Divine existence and perfections -- What is theology? -- Freedom and the will -- Moral goodness and beauty -- Practical wisdom and discernment -- Creation, incarnation, and divine desire.
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  48. Francesco Fiorentino, Il Prologo dell'Ordinatio di Giovanni Duns Scoto.Mary Beth Ingham - 2017 - Franciscan Studies 75:540-540.
    This volume contains the Latin-Italian translation of the Ordinatio Prologue of John Duns Scotus. It is the second volume in the series 'Traditiones: Testi del pensiero tardo-antico, medieval e umanistico', directed by Armando Bisogno. While it is not the first Italian translation of the Ordinatio Prologue, it does offer a rich and detailed introduction that situates Scotus's text in the more general context of his historical milieu, including the effects of the Condemnation of 1277. After a general overview of the (...)
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  49. Ioannis Duns Scoti Collationes Oxonienses eds. by Guido Alliney e Marina Fedeli.Mary Beth Ingham - 2017 - Franciscan Studies 75:537-539.
    As the final volumes of John Duns Scotus's Opera Omnia are published by the International Scotistic Commission, this volume of the Subtle Doctor's Oxford Collationes are a welcome addition to all the texts we now have at our disposal. Indeed, we can enumerate the corpus of critical works now available: the Opera Philosophica along with the 'safe' texts of the Reportatio IA and, at this writing, the first seventeen distinctions of Reportatio IV. The Oxford and Parisian Collationes offer the remaining (...)
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  50. Wissenschaftslehre im Oxford des 14. Jahrhunderts: Duns Scotus-Conington-Ockham-Reading-Chatton: das philosophische Problem des Erkennens.Heinz-Helmut Möllmann - 2017 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
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