About this topic
Summary Most philosophers and laypeople believe that under most conditions human beings, perhaps along with some other animals, possess a power of selecting and implementing actions which is special. This power is very widely held to be a necessary condition of responsibility for actions, for autonomy and for being entitled to take pride in (or to feel shame for) one's achievements. The free will debate in philosophy aims at elucidating the nature of that power as well as at identifying potential threats to it and explaining how it can exist. A major focus of the debate is the compatibility of free will with causal determinism. A minority of philosophers deny that we have free will because free will is incompatible with causal determinism.
Key works The free will debate is ancient in Western philosophy, but was first developed systematically by scholastic thinkers concerning about the relationship free will and God's foreknowledge (eg Ockham 1983). The rise of mechanistic science brought determinism to the forefront and played an important role in the development of compatibilism by philosophers like Hume (Hume 1751). The advent of Frankfurt-style cases (Frankfurt 1969) transformed the late 20th century debate, by allowing compatibilists to dispense with the principle of alternate possibilities (see Widerker & McKenna 2003 for important contributions to this debate). At the same time, important new libertarian views have been developed by thinkers like Robert Kane (Kane 1996) and Timothy O'Connor (O'Connor 2000). Very recently, there has been a revival of free will skepticism (Strawson 1994; Levy 2011).
Introductions O'Connor & Franklin 2018;McKenna 2008; Clarke & Capes ms
Related categories

10159 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 10159
Material to categorize
  1. Observations 1 30 2023.Paul Merriam - manuscript
    Reference in light of Qualia Calculus (QC); Hard Problems in light of QC; The number of qualia in a room in light of QC; verification of 1st-person phenomena; more advanced neurology; 3rd-person and 1st-person aspects of a system; their symmetries; Well-tempered Clavier; the past is not determined; argument for A-theories in light of QC; frames of reference; Standard Model; String Theory; Bach; time; causality; Schrodinger equation; technology; earth; thick present; Zen; the river; free will; materialists in light of QC.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Temporal Omniscience, Free will, and Their Logic.Lifeng Zhang - 2023 - Global Philosophy 33 (1):1-9.
    Taking divine omniscience as including temporal omniscience, which means God exists at all times and knows everything, I point out the fallacies in an incompatibilist argument. Syntactically, due to misapplication of the principle of substitutivity, this incompatibilist argument isn’t valid. Semantically, due to cancelation of a supposition on which God’s earlier belief depends, an agent’s alternative action won’t result in falsification of divine belief. Finally, by appealing to an eternalist conception of truth of proposition about the future, I argue that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. The Problem of Free Will.Mark Fagiano - 2022 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 36 (4):436-456.
    ABSTRACT In this article, the author dissolves the problem of free will and reconstructs it for pragmatic purposes. The article begins by locating the historical ruptures that have given rise to three different formulations of the problem itself throughout the history of philosophy, then turns to the insights of American Pragmatism for the purposes of rejecting the free will/determinism dualism, reconstructing the problem of free will as the social problem of obstruction, and illustrating why metaphysics as a discipline ought to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. Buddhist Anattā, Dependent Arising, and the Problem of Free Will.Jessica Wahman - 2022 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 36 (4):457-475.
    ABSTRACT The article analyzes recent Western interpretations of the Theravāda Buddhist position on free will in order to reveal how differences in worldview and methodology impact claims about agency—exposing assumptions about the meaning of will, cause, and self—and how commonalities across traditions enable us to discover what may be at stake, more generally, in the philosophical problem of free will. Embedded in different ontologies and expressed by disparate means are similar intuitions about consciousness, coercion, and the transformative power of wisdom (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5. Nominalisme et démonologie. L’imputabilité des croyances et le problème de l’hétérodoxie chez Guillaume de Manderston.Christophe Grellard - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 776-811.
    In his Bipartitum in morali philosophia, the Scottish philosopher William of Manderston, a pupil of John Mair, and an Ockhamist philosopher, is quoting a text of Antonin of Padua who distinguishes the factum opened to a juridical qualification from the inner belief, known by God alone. Quoting the same text, the authors of the Malleus maleficarum try hard to distinguish three distinct fields, the inner beliefs which belongs to God, the exterior acts, the facts, which are relevant for the judges, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Quando Duns Scoto ha cambiato idea sulla volontà? La causa del volere secondo la quaestio 6 delle Collationes parisienses.Guido Alliney - 2019 - In Fabrizio Amerini, Simone Fellina & Andrea Strazzoni (eds.), Tra antichità e modernità. Studi di storia della filosofia medievale e rinascimentale. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 604-640.
    The paper deals with the question of the development of Duns Scotus’ thought on the causes of the will: is the intellect a contributory cause of the choice (as claimed in the writings of the Oxford period), or is it only an occasion for it (as stated in the last works, written in Paris)? The collatio 6, probably discussed in 1301, immediately after the arrival of the Scottish theologian in Paris, still defends the doctrine of the intellect as a contributory (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Inquiry on the Contradictory of Human Free Will and Divine Destiny in Ibn Sina's philosophy.Somayeh Heyran, Abbas Ahmadi Saadi & Mohammad Ali Akhgar - 2022 - Philosophical Investigations 16 (40):395-406.
    Some philosophical-theological conflicts in the topic of A priori science, God's will and omnipotence with the issue of compulsion and human free will are still debated by commentators and experts. Re-reading and analyzing Ibn Sina's opinions about the effect of human will in the cause and effect system of the world and his solution to the paradoxical solution of free will and divine predestination necessitates research on this issue. Ibn Sina explains the system of will and free will as well (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Providence and Mystery: From Open Theism to New Approaches.Damiano Migliorini - 2022 - Segni E Comprensione 36 (103):134-158.
    In the recent debate on Christian theism, the position called Open Theism (OT) tries to solve the dilemma of omniscience and human freedom. In OT, the key word of the human-divine relationship is “risk”: in his relationship with us, God is a risk-taker in that he adapts his plan to human decisions and to the situations that arise from them. “Risk” is the fundamental characteristic of any true love relationship. According to OT, God has no exhaustive knowledge of how humans (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. On free will or the lack thereof.Robert Sapolsky, Alexandra Mikhailova & Daniel Friedman - unknown
    In this interview, Robert Sapolsky outlines his view on Free Will and related topics. The discussion anticipates his upcoming book Determined: The Science of Life Without Free Will. Various topics are covered at the intersection of neuroscience with philosophy, education, and the criminal justice system.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. The Integrated Metatheoretical Model of Addiction.Guy Pierre du Plessis - 2022 - Qeios 1 (1):1-25.
    In “The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy and Science of Addiction” Robert West highlights a pervasive challenge for more conceptual clarity and consensus within the field of addiction studies. In an attempt to address the challenge I provide the conceptual building blocks or architectonic of a metatheory of addiction, referred to as the Integrated Metatheoretical Model of Addiction (IMMA). The IMMA is not a general theory of addiction, but rather an exploratory attempt at providing the architectonic of an metaparadigmatic heuristic, that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Dimensioni di libertà nel cammino dell'essere: tra filosofia e scienza.Paola Polettini - 2022 - Verona: QuiEdit.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. The devil's own luck: Lucifer, luck, and moral responsibility.John R. Gilhooly - 2022 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book argues that the sin of the devil compels a view of moral responsibility that undermines concerns about luck. It surveys the biblical account of the primal sin, its major interpretation in the tradition, and navigates that interpretation through objections from the perspective of moral luck.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Freedom and normativity : varieties of free will.Barbara Merker - 2012 - In Michael Kühler & Nadja Jelinek (eds.), Autonomy and the Self. Springer.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Du bist Dein Schicksal: zur Philosophie von Lebensweg und Charakter.Bernd Schuppener - 2013 - Berlin: Parodos.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Özgürlük hukuku.Vehbi Hacıkadiroğlu - 2013 - İstanbul: Tarihçi Kitabevi.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Essere e volere: l'io tra volontà, emozioni e felicità.Armando Girotti - 2013 - Lecce: Pensa multimedia.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. A boy's guide to making really good choices.Jim George - 2013 - Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Versprochene Freiheit: der Freiheitsbegriff der Theologischen Anthropologie in Interdisziplinärem Kontext.Benedikt Bruder - 2013 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Cerebro y libertad: ensayo sobre la moral, el juego y el determinismo.Roger Bartra - 2013 - México, D.F.: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Willensfreiheit: bestimmt mein Gehirn oder bestimme ich?Marco Stier - 2014 - München: Ernst Reinhardt Verlag.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Bestimmtes Selbst: Personalität und Determination in neurowissenschaftlichen Konzepten und Luthers 'De servo arbitrio'.Sebastian Sievers - 2014 - Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Libero arbitrio: teorie e prassi della libertà.Claudio Tugnoli & Francesca Masi (eds.) - 2014 - Napoli: Liguori editore.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Libero arbitrio: storia di una controversia filosofica.Mario De Caro, Massimo Mori & Emidio Spinelli (eds.) - 2014 - Roma: Carocci editore.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Un-willing: an inquiry into the rise of will's power and an attempt to undo it.Eva T. H. Brann - 2014 - Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Three theological mistakes: how to correct enlightenment assumptions about God, miracles, and free will.Ric Machuga - 2015 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. De la destinée.Raoul Vaneigem - 2015 - Paris: Cherche midi.
    "Le stade de délabrement auquel est arrivée une civilisation, bâtie par l'homme et contre lui-même, révèle l'imposture d'un système fondé sur l'inversion de l'homme et de la vie. Chacun est désormais amené à redécouvrir, avec sa spécificité d'être humain, un potentiel de création que la croyance à son statut d'esclave le dissuadait de revendiquer. Destin et destinée s'opposent. Version profane de la Providence, le destin, identifié au hasard, à la fatalité, à la nécessité, est inéluctable. La destinée, elle, met en (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Voluntad: la fuerza heroica que arrastra la vida.M. López Corredoira - 2015 - Madrid: Altera.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Das Noumenon und das Nichts: zur Atemporalität der Willensfreiheit bei Kant und Schopenhauer.Dominik Hauser - 2015 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Kiezen of delen: een filosofische oriëntatie.Ellen Geerlings - 2015 - Amsterdam: Boom.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. La sesta prosa: discussioni medievali su prescienza, libertà e contingenza.Riccardo Fedriga - 2015 - Milano: Mimesis.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Radikale Selbstbestimmung: eine Untersuchung zum Freiheitsverständnis bei Harry G. Frankfurt, Galen Strawson und Martin Luther.Frank Dettinger - 2015 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Willensfreiheit im Kontext: interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf das Handeln.Sebastian Muders (ed.) - 2015 - Münster: Mentis.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Freedom from resentment: Spinoza's way with the reactive attitudes.J. Thomas Cook - 2015 - In Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz (eds.), Doing Without Free Will: Spinoza and Contemporary Moral Problems. Lexington Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Rehumanizing Spinoza's free man.Matthew Homan - 2015 - In Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz (eds.), Doing Without Free Will: Spinoza and Contemporary Moral Problems. Lexington Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Spinoza's evolutionary foundation of moral values and their objectivity: neither relativism nor absolutism.Ursula Goldenbaum - 2015 - In Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz (eds.), Doing Without Free Will: Spinoza and Contemporary Moral Problems. Lexington Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Recovering Spinoza's theory of akrasia.Julia Haas - 2015 - In Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz (eds.), Doing Without Free Will: Spinoza and Contemporary Moral Problems. Lexington Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Moral responsibility without free will: Spinoza's social approach.Christopher Kluz - 2015 - In Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz (eds.), Doing Without Free Will: Spinoza and Contemporary Moral Problems. Lexington Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Introduction: doing without free will: Spinoza and contemporary moral problems.Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz - 2015 - In Ursula Goldenbaum & Christopher Kluz (eds.), Doing Without Free Will: Spinoza and Contemporary Moral Problems. Lexington Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. İnsanın özgürlük arayışı.Ali Bulaç - 2015 - Yenibosna, İstanbul: İnkılap Kitabevi.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Freedom and Responsibility in Context.Ann Whittle - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    Ann Whittle offers a fresh approach to questions about whether our actions are free and whether we are morally responsible for them. She argues that the answers to these questions depend on the contexts in which we make claims about our abilities and our control over our actions.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  41. The Scope of Consent.Tom Dougherty - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The scope of someone's consent is the range of actions that they permit by giving consent. The Scope of Consent investigates the under-explored question of which normative principle governs the scope of consent. To answer this question, the book's investigation involves taking a stance on what constitutes consent. By appealing to the idea that someone can justify their behaviour by appealing to another person's consent, Dougherty defends the view that consent consists in behaviour that expresses a consent-giver's will for how (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. Naturally Free Action.Oisín Deery - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    In Naturally Free Action, Oisin Deery argues that free will exists, where free will is understood as the ability to act freely, and free actions as exercises of that ability. This conclusion is supported by showing how the concept of free will plausibly refers to many actual human behaviors,and how these behaviors count as a natural category or kind. Deery also addresses the role of phenomenology in fixing the reference of the concept, arguing that our phenomenology as of deciding or (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43. Abolishing freedom: a plea for a contemporary use of fatalism.Frank Ruda - 2016 - Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    Fatalism in times of universalized assthetization -- Protestant fatalism: predestination as emancipation -- Ren the fatalist: abolishing (Aristotelian) freedom -- From Kant to Schmid (and back): the end of all things -- Ending with the worst: Hegel and absolute fatalism -- After the end: Freud against the illusion of psychical freedom.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. On destiny: a philosophical dialogue.Nicholas J. Pappas - 2016 - New York: Algora Publishing.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Le libre arbitre: esquisse d'une métaphysique de la liberté.Alain van Kerckhoven - 2016 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Die Gründung des Willensbegriffs: die Klärung des Willens als rationales Strebevermögen in einer Kritik an Schopenhauer und die Ergründung des Willens in einer Auseinandersetzung mit Aristoteles.David Carus - 2016 - Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Freiheit und Verantwortung: 95 Thesen heute.Wilhelm Genazino (ed.) - 2016 - Stuttgart: Verlag J.B. Metzler.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Che fare, quando fare, se fare: un'indagine sui processi reconditi dell'atto volontario.Germana Pareti & Antonio G. Zippo (eds.) - 2016 - [Turin]: Rosenberg & Sellier.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Gehirn und Handlung: Anmerkungen zum Bereitschaftspotential.Alexander Batthyany - 2016 - Heiderberg: Universitaetsverlag Winter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Lost ego: la tragédie du "je suis".François de Smet - 2017 - Paris: Puf.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 10159