Classical Confucianism

Edited by Hagop Sarkissian (CUNY Graduate Center, Baruch College (CUNY))
Assistant editor: Andrew Lambert (College of Staten Island (CUNY))
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  1. What, Exactly, Is Wrong with Confucian Filial Morality?Hagop Sarkissian & Emma E. Buchtel - 2023 - Res Philosophica 100 (1):23-41.
    Confucianism’s emphasis on filial piety is both a hallmark of its approach to ethics and a source of concern. Critics charge that filial piety’s extreme partialism corrupts Chinese society and should therefore be expunged from the tradition. Are the critics correct? In this article, we outline the criticism and note its persistence over the last century. We then evaluate data from the empirical study of corruption to see whether they support the claim that partialism corrupts. Finally, we report some recent (...)
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  2. Buddhism and Confucianism on Homosexuality: The Acceptance and Rejection Based on The Arguments of Religious Texts.Andi Alfian - 2022 - Al-Adyan: Journal of Religious Studies 3 (2):73-82.
    This study explores the core teachings of Buddhism and Confucianism, especially about homosexuality, and compares the two. This study argues that the attitude of Buddhism and Confucianism towards homosexuality is highly dependent on the cultural context in which these religions exist and are practiced. In other words, certain Buddhist/Confucian societies are sometimes more tolerant of homosexual practices than other Buddhist/Confucian societies. That is, the core teachings of religions cannot be merely a measure; culture participates in shaping religious responses to homosexuals. (...)
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  3. A study on pleasure in Confucianism. 이상호 - 2007 - Journal of Eastern Philosophy 49:117-152.
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  4. Friendship in the Confucian Tradition.Andrew Lambert - 2022 - In Diane Jeske (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Friendship. New York, NY, USA: Routledge. pp. 11-23.
    An overview of how friendship has been represented and assessed in the Confucian tradition, and particularly in classical Confucian texts such as the Analects and the Mencius. Themes covered include the relationship between the family and friendship, the ambivalence towards friendship in imperial China, and the connection between friendship and the Confucian ideal of personal cultivation. The chapter finishes by exploring novel conceptions of friendship and human relatedness suggested by the Confucian tradition.
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  5. #MeToo avant la lettre.Paul van Els - 2018 - Filosofie-Tijdschrift 28 (3):35–39.
    van Els, Paul. "#MeToo avant la lettre." Filosofie-Tijdschrift 28, no. 3 (May 2018): 35–39.
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  6. A Non-Existent Doctrine. [REVIEW]Paul van Els - 2006 - China Nu 31:46–47.
    van Els, Paul. "Een niet-bestaande leer" (A Non-Existent Doctrine). Review of Confucianisme, by Burchard J. Mansvelt Beck. China Nu 31, no. 1 (2006): 46–47.
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  7. Tilting Vessels and Collapsing Walls: On the Rhetorical Function of Anecdotes in Early Chinese Texts.Paul van Els - 2012 - Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 34:141–66.
    Early Chinese argumentative texts are full of historical anecdotes. These short accounts of events in Chinese history enhance the appeal of the text, but they also have an important rhetorical function in helping the reader understand, accept, and remember the arguments propounded in the text. In this paper I examine the rhetorical function of historical anecdotes in two argumentative texts of the Western Han dynasty (202 BCE-9 CE): Han’s Illustrations of the Odes for Outsiders and The Master of Huainan. These (...)
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  8. Social and Political “Statutes of Limitations”: Mo' Approaches, Mo' Problems.Jennifer Kling & Colin J. Lewis - 2022 - In Court D. Lewis (ed.), Forgiveness Confronts Race, Relationships, and the Social. Wilmington, DE, USA: pp. 91-111.
    Recent events have directed public attention to the issue of whether there should be so-called “statutes of limitations” on oppressive transgressions committed in the past. We ask: in such cases, is sociopolitical forgiveness (or “forgetfulness”) owed to transgressors? We detail two moral-political narratives that might help address this issue: one constructed around the values and perspectives of justice, rights, and autonomy-based views (the JRA approach), and another oriented around the values and perspectives of care ethics, virtue ethics, and relationality, drawing (...)
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  9. Justified Revolution in Contemporary American Democracy: A Confucian-Inspired Account.Jennifer Kling & Colin J. Lewis - 2022 - In LeLand Harper (ed.), The Crisis of American Democracy: Essays on a Failing Institution. New York, NY, USA: pp. 167-192.
    How much injustice and oppression must be tolerated before a revolution is justified? In theory, the United States’ political structure, by design, makes the question of revolution obsolete: by putting political power into the hands of the people via democratic mechanisms such as voting, the division of power among separate branches of government, and representative influence and control, there should be no need for revolution because everything the government does either has the consent of the people or is (relatively swiftly) (...)
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  10. The Challenge of Teaching Chinese Philosophy: Thoughts on Method.Andrew Lambert - 2016 - ASIANetwork Exchange 23 (2):107-23.
    In this essay I offer an alternative perspective on how to organize class material for courses in Chinese philosophy for predominately American students. Instead of selecting topics taken from common themes in Western discourses, I suggest a variety of organizational strategies based on themes from the Chinese texts themselves, such as tradition, ritual, family, and guanxi (關係), which are rooted in the Chinese tradition but flexible enough to organize a broad range of philosophical material.
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  11. "The Master's Student Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods: An Alternative Perspective on Pedagogy".Mark J. Boone - 2021 - In Benedict S. B. Chan & Victor C. M. Chan (eds.), Whole Person Education in East Asian Universities: Perspectives from Philosophy and Beyond. London: Routledge.
    Although current educational priorities tend to avoid strong moral positions, one of the world's most venerable yet persistently influential moral traditions not only lays out a number of major moral principles but also incorporates them into its pedagogy. Confucius teaches us about the importance of seeking knowledge, learning how to learn, applying ancient wisdom to contemporary situations, valuing virtue over material gain, following the Golden Rule, and living by our principles. He also has ways of assessing his own students' progress (...)
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  12. Gardens and the Good Life in Confucianism and Daoism.Ian James Kidd - forthcoming - In Laura D’Olimpio, Panos Paris & Aidan Thompson (eds.), Educating Character Through the Arts. London: Routledge.
    Creating and caring for a garden is a long-term project whose success requires commitment and devotion and love and proper performance of a range of activities that involve virtues and sensibilities like attentiveness, carefulness, humility, imaginativeness, and sensitivity to the natures and needs of plants and animals. In this chapter, I elaborate this conception of gardens and explore its relationship to artistic activities, like composing poetry or performing music. My focus are Confucianism and Daosim and their accounts of the relationships (...)
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  13. Confucianism Can be Read as Philosophy—A Response to Eske J. Møllgaard.Tongdong Bai - 2021 - Philosophy East and West 71 (4):1046-1055.
    "Is Traditional Chinese Thought Philosophy?" has been a perennial question ever since the term zhexue 哲學, as a translation of the Western concept of philosophy, was introduced to China via Japan, and it will stay this way for years to come. Two factors make the answering of this question a Sisyphean project. First, a lot of scholars feel that they have to answer this question. The contemporary academic disciplines were defined by Westerners, and the discipline of philosophy was alien to (...)
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  14. 比较的时代:当代儒学研究的一个重要特点.Chenyang Li - 2015 - 东西方研究学刊 4:33-40.
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  15. 人类世新人本主义的文化根源:儒家视角.Chenyang Li - 2016 - 儒家文明论坛 2:336-343.
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  16. Grown Children’s Filial Obligation: A Confucian View.Chenyang Li - 1995 - In Robin Wang & Timothy Shanahan (eds.), Reason and Insight. pp. 442-447.
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  17. Can Confucianism Come to Terms with Feminism?Chenyang Li - 2000 - In The Sage and the Second Sex: Confucianism, Ethics, and Gender. Chicago: pp. 1-21.
  18. Confucian Values and Democratic Values.Chenyang Li - 1999 - In Christina Koggel (ed.), Moral Issues in Global Perspective. Peterborough, Canada: pp. 74-81.
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  19. Confucian Values and Democratic Values.Chenyang Li - 2006 - In Christine Koggel (ed.), Moral and Political Theory. pp. 184-191.
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  20. Is the Confucian Concept of ‘Heaven’ still Relevant Today?Chenyang Li - 2007 - In Zhao Dunhua (ed.), Dialogue of Philosophies, Religions, and Civilizations in the Era of Globalization. pp. 161-164.
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  21. Coping with Incommensurable Pursuits: Rorty, Berlin, and the Confucian-Daoist Complementarity.Chenyang Li - 2009 - In Yong Huang (ed.), Rorty, Pragmatism, and Confucianism—with Responses by Richard Rorty. pp. 195-209.
  22. 儒家的仁学和女性主义哲学的关爱.Chenyang Li - 2007 - In D. Cai & H. Jing (eds.), 全球化时代的儒家伦理. pp. 280-308.
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  23. 儒家基督教文化的价值选择问题.Chenyang Li - 2009 - In Ling Li, Xilin Yu & Wenyu Xie (eds.), 中西文化交流:回顾与展望. pp. 229-236.
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  24. 儒家与女性主义:克服儒家的‘女性问题障碍’.Chenyang Li - 2010 - In Xinyan Jiang (ed.), 英语世界中的中国哲学.
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  25. 走向和谐的宇宙:儒家关于太平世界的“和”的理想.Chenyang Li - 2010 - In Wu Zhipan (ed.), 亚洲的价值. pp. 89-104.
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  26. Harmony as a Guiding Principle for Governance.Chenyang Li - 2010 - In Julia Tao, A. Cheung, M. Painter & C. Li (eds.), Governance for Harmony in Asia and Beyond. pp. 37-57.
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  27. 儒家与民主:探索二者之间的中庸之道.Chenyang Li - 2012 - In 儒家文化研究:中国哲学三十年的回顾与展望. pp. 198-221.
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  28. Confucian Harmony: A Philosophical Analysis.Chenyang Li - 2013 - In Vincent Shen & Dordrecht (eds.), Dao Companion to Classical Confucian Philosophy. pp. 379-394.
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  29. Confucian Perspectives on Science and Technology.Chenyang Li - 2013 - In Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: An International Resource.
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  30. The Evolution and Identity of the Confucian Tradition.Chenyang Li - 2016 - In Leigh Jenco (ed.), Chinese Thought as Global Theory. pp. 163-180.
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  31. 论儒家的平等与不平等观念.Chenyang Li - 2016 - In Ngoi Guat Peng & Park So Jeung (eds.), 东南亚与东北亚儒学的建构与实践. pp. 205-226.
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  32. Toward a Mega-Humanism: Confucian Triadic Harmony for the Anthropocene.Chenyang Li - 2018 - In Ruth Abbey (ed.), Cosmopolitan Civility: Global-Local Reflections with Fred Dallmayr. pp. 57-68.
    The idea of the Anthropocene is not only about environmental issues; it is for a new geologic epoch. Moreover, it is a new worldview, a new philosophy. It provides a new context and perspective for us to re-think some traditional philosophical ideas, including the ancient Confucian philosophy of harmony among heaven, earth, and humanity.
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  33. Chinese Metaphysics as a Fruitful Subject of Study.Chenyang Li & Franklin Perkins - 2014 - Journal of East-West Thought 4 (4):71-86.
    The study of Chinese philosophy in the English-speaking world has largely focused on ethical and political theories. In comparison, Chinese metaphysics—here understood primarily as theories regarding the nature, components, and operating principles of reality—has been far less researched and recognized. In this essay, we examine various meanings of “metaphysics” as it has been used in denoting a branch of philosophy and make the case that metaphysics is an important part of Chinese philosophy. We argue for the need to study Chinese (...)
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  34. 比较视域下的不可通约价值抉择:罗蒂模式、伯林模式与儒道互补.Qingjuan Sun & Chenyang Li - 2020 - 东南大学学报 22 (4):31-40.
    针对价值抉择难题存在不同的解决模式,以比较的视野检视几种有代表性 的模式,可以更加直观地展示它们的优缺点,从相对意义上凸显出当下存在的更为有效的 解决方案。 首先是罗蒂的自我实现与公民同胞等量齐观模式,此模式过于依赖个人与社 会两个领域的简单区分,同时也低估了不同诉求之间的张力;其次是伯林的不同价值体系 非此即彼模式,此模式夸大了不同价值体系的截然对立,错误地认为互有张力的价值不能 在同一价值体系里共存;最后是更具可行性的儒道互补模式,此模式重新解读儒道互补, 通过价值配置的方式解决了不可通约价值之间的张力问题,它允许多元价值体系的共存 和互补,从而有助于相辅相成地达成个人生活与社会的和谐。.
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  35. 儒家与民主.Chenyang Li - forthcoming - Social Sciences Press of China.
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  36. 多元世界中的儒家.Chenyang Li - 2006 - Wunan Publisher.
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  37. 儒家傳統面臨的五個挑戰.Chenyang Li - 2003 - 中国社会科学文摘 27 (5):57-62.
    本文討論儒家思想傳統在近代和現代所面臨的五個主要的挑戰:科學,民 主,女性主義,環境主義,以及儒家自身如何生存下去的挑戰。.
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  38. Contemporary Challenges for Confucianism.Chenyang Li - 2012 - Journal of East-West Thought 1 (2):53-68.
    Abstract: In this essay I will discuss five major challenges faced by Confucianism in recent times. Two of these challenges have been widely acknowledged, namely those of science and democracy. I believe that Confucianism's problem with science has been largely solved, even though more constructive work would further strengthen Confucianism in this regard. The problem of democracy is still being dealt with. I will examine three more major challenges. The third major challenge for Confucianism comes from environmentalism. Confucianism has taken (...)
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  39. “儒家思想传统中的平等与不平等观念” (Equality and Inequality in Confucian Thought).Chenyang Li - 2013 - 原道 Yuan Dao 22:43-60.
    平等是现代社会的主要理想价值之一。我们必须认识到,平等有不同的形式。而且任何形式的平等都有随之而来的其他形式的不平等。本文考察儒家思想传统在经济、伦理和政治维度的平等和不平等观念。认为儒家平等观念的主 要特征是比例平等以及随之而来的相关方方面的不平等。儒家的平等思想是其理想社会的重要部分,并试图探究这一观念的当代意涵。.
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  40. “儒家的哲学理念与当今国际政治秩序” (Confucian Ideals for Today’s World Order).Chenyang Li - 2014 - 黑龙江社会 1:8-13.
    当代儒家研究的一个特点,是不仅把儒家哲学看做伦理道德哲学,而且也看做社会政治哲学。结合当今世界语境,尝试提出一个儒家关于世界和谐理念的构想,应从研究儒家思想中的道义领先原则、恕道以及“和而不同”等方面 着手,重点研究这些问题,对于现实当今世界的政治秩序和谐,有着重要价值。.
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  41. “从‘天人合一’回归‘天-地-人’三才思想:兼论儒家环境哲学的基本框架” (From ‘Heaven-humanity Unity’ Back to ‘Heaven-Earth-Humanity’—on the Fundamentals of a Confucian Environmental Philosophy).Chenyang Li - 2014 - 周易研究 5:5-10.
    长期以来,中国学术界流行把儒家的基本思想乃至整个中国文化归结为“天人合一”,并常常把“天人合一” 的源头归结于《易经》。其实考诸中国思想史,把儒家的基本思想总结为“天人合一”,特别是把“天人合一” 的来源归结于《易经》的说法并不准确,是一种误导。《易经》的“天、地、人”三才思想较之于“天人合一”更为符合儒家思想的本旨。在儒家三才和谐的理念中,天、地、人三者各自都有自身的功能与价值。身为三才和谐结 构中的积极参与者,人类拥有促进与维持宇宙和谐的重要责任。就环境哲学而言,儒家的“三才”说既不是“环境保护主义”,也不是“自然保护主义”,而且相对于大地伦理学与深层生态学等西方的整体性环境哲学而言,儒家 整体性的环境哲学赋予人类在宇宙间以一个更崇高的地位和责任。 .
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  42. Confucian Harmony in Dialogue with African Harmony.Chenyang Li - 2016 - African and Asian Studies 1 (2):1-10.
    Engaging in dialogue with African philosophy, I respond to questions raised by Thaddeus Metz on characteristics of Confucian philosophy in comparison with African philosophy. First, in both Confucian philosophy and African philosophy, harmony/harmonization and self-realization coincide in the process of person-making. Second, Confucians accept that sometimes it is inevitable to sacrifice individual components in order to achieve or maintain harmony at large scales; the point is how to minimize such costs. Third, Confucians give family love a central place in the (...)
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  43. “疫情與倫理價值——兼評范瑞平教授的‘大疫當前:訴諸儒家文明的倫理資源’ (The Role of Ethical Values in Fighting the COVID: A Reply to Ruiping Fan).Chenyang Li - 2020 - International Journal of Chinese and Comparative Philosophy of Medicine 《中外醫學哲學》 18 (2):109-113.
    While largely agreeing with Ruiping Fan, Chenyang Li makes three points regarding the handling of COVID-19. First, in addition to state capacity, social trust, and leadership, as identified by Francis Fukuyama, factors responsible for successful pandemic responses include the value of individual freedom upheld by citizens. A high level of individual freedom can make it difficult to implement strict measures even when they are objectively necessary. Second, a strong state can be effective in handling a pandemic, but without checks and (...)
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  44. “再論比較的時代之儒學: 答李明書、李健君、張麗麗三位學者” (Revisiting Confucian Studies in a Comparative Age: A Reply to Li Mingshu, Li Jianjun, and Zhang Lili).Chenyang Li - 2021 - 鹅湖月刊 47 (4):51-56.
    感謝《鵝湖月刊》給我機會討論拙作《比較的時代 ——中西視野中的儒家哲學前沿問題》(以下簡稱《比較的時代》),也很感謝李明書、李健君、張麗麗三位年輕有為的學者認真討論我在書中提出的一些問題。 三位學者都認識到這裏討論的「比較哲學」是通過比較來研究哲學,而不僅僅是比較已經存在的相同和不同的哲學思想。 在我看來, 單純地比較不同的哲學思想基本上是哲學史的工作。 而通過運用比較的方法做哲學則是哲學本身的工作,是建構性的原創性的工作。 說我們的時代是一個比較的時代,是說我們處於一個以比較為特徵來研究和建構哲學思想的時代。 通過比較來做哲學,就是要通過研究不同的哲學流派和不同的哲學思想,來進而建構新的哲學思想,以回答時代向我們提出的問題。在這個方面,我個人的看法是,今天的儒家哲學研究已經進入了一個不可迴避、不可逆轉的比較 的時代。 這是一件大好事。 這樣的研究使我們有更廣闊的視野,使我們有更多、更豐富的思想資源,也使我們更可能有效地回答時代提出的問題。 這裡我分別對三位學者提出的問題做出回應。.
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  45. A Han Feizian Worry with Confucian Meritocracy – and a Non-Moral Alternative.Eirik Lang Harris - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):342-362.
    The political philosophies of Kongzi, Mengzi, and Xunzi can fruitfully be understood as focusing substantially on politically relevant merit – and as having conceptions of politically relevant merit intertwined with their conceptions of morality and virtue. In short, on their account, politically relevant merit finds its necessary foundation in morally relevant merit. In critiquing this position, Han Fei questions four positions that must be true in order for the early Confucian position to succeed: 1) Politically relevant merit is necessarily tied (...)
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  46. Editorial & Introduction.Eirik Lang Harris & Henrique Schneider - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):183-195.
    Introduction to special issue of Culture and Dialogue, on “Confucianism: Comparisons and Controversies,” co-edited with Henrique Schneider.
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  47. The Wrong of Rudeness. [REVIEW]Andrew Lambert - 2020 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2020.
    Amy Olberding, The Wrong of Rudeness: Learning Modern Civility from Ancient Chinese Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2019, 183pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780190880965. Reviewed byAndrew Lambert, City University of New York, College of Staten Island.
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  48. Confucian Worries about the Aristotelian Sophos.Matthew D. Walker - 2016 - In Michael Slote Chienkuo Mi (ed.), Moral and Intellectual Virtues in Western and Chinese Philosophy: The Virtue Turn. New York, NY, USA: pp. 196-213.
    This chapter examines key Confucian worries about the Aristotelian sophos as a model of human flourishing. How strong are these worries? Do Aristotelians have good replies to them? Could the Aristotelian sophos, and this figure's distinguishing feature, sophia, be more appealing to the Confucian than they initially appear?
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  49. Timing and Rulership in Master Lu's Spring and Autumn Annals (LUshih chunqou).James Daryl Sellmann - 2002 - Albany, NY, USA: SUNY Press.
    The Lüshi chunqiu was written for and inspired the king who united the warring state to become China's first emperor in 221 BCE. This book explicates the concept of "proper timing," proposing that it helps bring unity to the diverse eclectic content of the text. The book analyzes the roles of human nature, the justification for the existence of the state, and the significance of personal, historical and cosmic timing. An organic instrumental position emerges from the diverse theories contained in (...)
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  50. 공자 직 개념의 자연주의적 함축에 관하여 (On the Naturalistic Implication of Confucian Zhi).Juyong Kim - 2020 - 동서철학연구(Dong Seo Cheol Hak Yeon Gu; Studies in Philosophy East-West) 95:5-26.
    Confucius aimed to overcome the Spring and Autumn period and achieve order by restoring the humanist tradition and putting it right. At the same time, Confucius distanced himself from discovering the order of natural things, which caused him to be regarded as a representative humanist philosopher. This interpretation could be misleading in that it overlooks the natural aspect of Confucian philosophy. To that aspect, this article asserts that a moral practice in Confucianism has a natural character. The point emphasizing the (...)
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