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Chenyang Li
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  1.  51
    The Confucian Philosophy of Harmony.Chenyang Li - 2014 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    Harmony is a concept essential to Confucianism and to the way of life of past and present people in East Asia. Integrating methods of textual exegesis, historical investigation, comparative analysis, and philosophical argumentation, this book presents a comprehensive treatment of the Confucian philosophy of harmony. The book traces the roots of the concept to antiquity, examines its subsequent development, and explicates its theoretical and practical significance for the contemporary world. It argues that, contrary to a common view in the West, (...)
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  2. The confucian ideal of harmony.Chenyang Li - 2006 - Philosophy East and West 56 (4):583-603.
    : This is a study of the Confucian ideal of harmony and harmonization (he 和). First, through an investigation of the early development of he in ancient China, the meaning of this concept is explored. Second, a philosophical analysis of he and a discussion of the relation between harmony, sameness, and strife are offered. Also offered are reasons why this notion is so important to Confucian philosophy. Finally, on the basis of value pluralism, a case is made for the Confucian (...)
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  3. The Confucian Concept of Jen and the Feminist Ethics of Care: A Comparative Study.Chenyang Li - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (1):70 - 89.
    This article compares Confucian ethics of Jen and feminist ethics of care. It attempts to show that they share philosophically significant common grounds. Its findings affirm the view that care-orientation in ethics is not a characteristic peculiar to one sex. It also shows that care-orientation is not peculiar to subordinated social groups. Arguing that the oppression of women is not an essential element of Confucian ethics, the author indicates the Confucianism and feminism are compatible.
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  4.  25
    The East Asian Challenge for Democracy: Political Meritocracy in Comparative Perspective.Daniel A. Bell & Chenyang Li (eds.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The rise of China, along with problems of governance in democratic countries, has reinvigorated the theory of political meritocracy. But what is the theory of political meritocracy and how can it set standards for evaluating political progress? To help answer these questions, this volume gathers a series of commissioned research papers from an interdisciplinary group of leading philosophers, historians and social scientists. The result is the first book in decades to examine the rise of political meritocracy and what it will (...)
  5.  6
    The Tao Encounters the West: Explorations in Comparative Philosophy.Chenyang Li - 1999 - SUNY Press.
    Examines liberal democracy and Confucianism as two value systems and argues for a future where both coexist as independent value systems in China.
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  6. Li as Cultural Grammar: On the Relation between Li and Ren in Confucius' Analects.Chenyang Li - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (3):311 - 329.
    A major controversy in the study of the "Analects" has been over the relation between two central concepts, ren (humanity, human excellence) and li (rites, rituals of propriety). Confucius seems to have said inconsistent things about this relation. Some passages appear to suggest that ren is more fundamental than li, while others seem to imply the contrary. It is therefore not surprising that there have been different interpretations and characterizations of this relation. Using the analogy of language grammar and mastery (...)
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  7.  75
    The Confucian Conception of Freedom.Chenyang Li - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (4):902-919.
    Freedom is intrinsic to a good life. An account of the Confucian conception of the good life must include a reasonable conception of freedom. Studies in Chinese ideas of freedom, however, have been focused mostly on Daoism. A quick survey of some fine books on Chinese philosophy shows little result on Confucian freedom.1 In this essay, I argue that attributing a notion of “free will” to Confucian philosophy has serious limitations; it will be more fruitful to draw on contemporary feminist (...)
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  8. Can Confucianism Come to Terms with Feminism?Chenyang Li - 2000 - In The Sage and the Second Sex: Confucianism, Ethics, and Gender. Chicago: pp. 1-21.
  9.  52
    Equality and Inequality in Confucianism.Chenyang Li - 2012 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (3):295-313.
    This essay studies equality and inequality in Confucianism. By studying Confucius, Mencius, Xunzi, and other classic thinkers, I argue that Confucian equality is manifested in two forms. Numerical equality is founded in the Mencian belief that every person is born with the same moral potential and the Xunzian notion that all people have the same xing and the same potential for moral cultivation. It is also manifested in the form of role-based equality. Proportional equality, however, is the main notion of (...)
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  10. Shifting perspectives: Filial morality revisited.Chenyang Li - 1997 - Philosophy East and West 47 (2):211-232.
    Does morality require the filial obligation of grown children toward their aged parents? First, problems with some accounts of filial morality that have been put forth in recent years in the West are examined (Jane English, Jeffrey Blustein, and others), and then it is shown how Confucianism provides a sensible alternative perspective.
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  11. Revisiting Confucian Jen Ethics and Feminist Care Ethics: A Reply to Daniel Star and Lijun Yuan.Chenyang Li - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (1):130 - 140.
    At two fronts I defend my 1994 article. I argue that differences between Confucian jen ethics and feminist care ethics do not preclude their shared commonalities in comparison with Kantian, utilitarian, and contractarian ethics, and that Confucians do care. I also argue that Confucianism is capable of changing its rules to reflect its renewed understanding of jen, that care ethics is feminist, and that similarities between Confucian and care ethics have significant implications.
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  12.  42
    The Sage and the Second Sex: Confucianism, Ethics, and Gender.Chenyang Li (ed.) - 2000 - Open Court Publishing.
    This collection of essays by noted scholars in the fields of Asian studies & feminist thought sheds new light on the connections between Confucianism & feminist ethics.
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  13.  24
    Organizational identification and unethical pro-organizational behavior: A culture-moderated meta-analysis.Chenyang Li - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
    In recent years, the adverse implications of organizational identification (OID) have received significant attention in the field of organizational behavior research, particularly as it is considered a critical factor in unethical pro-organizational behavior (UPB). Nevertheless, the findings of previous studies are inconsistent. To explain these discrepancies, we performed a meta-analysis of 54 independent studies from January 2010 to April 2023, comprising a total of 14,836 samples, to investigate the impact of OID on UPB and the moderating effects of cultural context. (...)
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  14.  36
    A Confucian Solution to the Fungibility Problem of Friendship: Friends like Family with Particularized Virtues.Chenyang Li - 2019 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 18 (4):493-508.
    When asked why we are friends with someone, we often point to her good virtues as reasons. If these are the reasons, we have equal reasons to be friends with anyone with such virtues, and we can even replace current friends with anyone with the same or better virtues without substantive loss in friendship. However, it does not seem right that a particular friend is replaceable by just any other person with the same or better virtues. This is the fungibility (...)
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  15. 机器智能的兴起与人之为人理想的终极.Chenyang Li - 2020 - In 智慧与智能. pp. 201-228.
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  16. The Concept of Harmony in Classical Confucian Philosophy.Chenyang Li - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (3):423-435.
    This essay introduces the philosophy of harmony in Classical Confucianism. In the first part of the essay the author summarizes the concept of harmony as it was developed in various Confucian classics. In the second part, the author offers an account of the Confucian program of harmony, ranging from internal harmony in the person, to harmony in the family, the state, the international world, and finally to harmony in the entire universe.
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  17. The philosophy of harmony in classical confucianism.Chenyang Li - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (3):423–435.
    This essay introduces the philosophy of harmony in Classical Confucianism. In the first part of the essay the author summarizes the concept of harmony as it was developed in various Confucian classics. In the second part, the author offers an account of the Confucian program of harmony, ranging from internal harmony in the person, to harmony in the family, the state, the international world, and finally to harmony in the entire universe.
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  18.  34
    The Confucian Ren and Care Debate: Reassessment, Development, and Future Directions.Chenyang Li - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9):e12868.
    It has been three decades since comparative philosophers began to associate the Confucian concept of ren 仁 with contemporary Western care ethics. It would be useful to revisit the issue and to reassess related debates. In this essay, I first contextualize this discourse by tracing the emergence of care as a philosophical concept in the West and explicate the Confucian concept of ren in terms of care as it is formulated in classic texts. Then I respond to challenges, including opposing (...)
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  19. Cultural Configurations of Values.Chenyang Li - 2008 - The Journal of International Issues 12 (2):28-49.
    All cultures are infused by or even rooted in certain values. Although those values are generally recognised in all societies, they are diversely ranked or proritised in different human groups and different perceptions partly account for cultural diversity as not all values can be equally upheld in any community or by any individual. Though value universalism in a strict sense is unachievable, we can all agree on a pluralistic mutual understanding of and tolerance for diversity.
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  20. Does confucian ethics integrate care ethics and justice ethics? The case of mencius.Chenyang Li - 2008 - Asian Philosophy 18 (1):69 – 82.
    In recent years, scholars of Confucian ethics have debated on important issues such as whether Confucian ethics embraces, or should embrace, universal values and impartiality. Some have argued that Confucian ethics integrates both care and justice, and that Confucian ethics is both particularistic and universalistic. In this essay, I will defend a view of the relation between care and justice and the relation between care ethics and justice ethics on the basis of the notion of 'configuration of values,' and show (...)
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  21. Introduction.Chenyang Li & Franklin Perkins - 2015 - In Chenyang Li & Franklin Perkins (eds.), Chinese Metaphysics and Its Problems. pp. 1-15.
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  22. “儒家阴阳男女平等观新议” (A New Interpretation of Confucian Yinyang Philosophy for Gender Equality).Chenyang Li - 2018 - 船山学刊 1:13-16.
    In this essay I attempt to articulate a Confucian idea of gender equality from a perspective of yin-yang philosophy.
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  23.  84
    Confucian value and democratic value.Chenyang Li - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (2):183-193.
    Samuel P. Huntington asserts that the world is now entering an age of “the clash of civilizations.” Specifically, the clash is between democratic Western civilization and undemocratic civilizations in the rest of the world, Confucian and Islamic civilizations in particular. Huntington also suggests that in order for democracy to take roots in a Confucian society, undemocratic elements in Confucianism must be superseded by democratic elements. The purpose of this essay is to examine the future relationship between democracy and Confucianism in (...)
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  24. Contemporary Challenges for Confucianism.Chenyang Li - 2012 - Journal of East-West Thought 1 (2):53-68.
    Abstract: In this essay I will discuss five major challenges faced by Confucianism in recent times. Two of these challenges have been widely acknowledged, namely those of science and democracy. I believe that Confucianism's problem with science has been largely solved, even though more constructive work would further strengthen Confucianism in this regard. The problem of democracy is still being dealt with. I will examine three more major challenges. The third major challenge for Confucianism comes from environmentalism. Confucianism has taken (...)
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  25. The ideal of harmony in ancient chinese and greek philosophy.Chenyang Li - 2008 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):81-98.
    This article offers a study of the early formation and development of the ideal of harmony in ancient Chinese philosophy and ancient Greek philosophy. It shows that, unlike the Pythagorean notion of harmony, which is primarily based on a linear progressive model with a pre-set order, the ancient Chinese concept of harmony is best understood as a comprehensive process of harmonization. It encompasses spatial as well as temporal dimensions, metaphysical as well as moral and aesthetical dimensions. It is a fundamentally (...)
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  26.  33
    Missing Links in The China Model.Chenyang Li - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 69 (2):568-576.
    Daniel A. Bell's recent book The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy makes a significant contribution to political theory, political philosophy, and China studies. The book has already drawn a variety of responses, some of which I believe are due to utter misreadings and misunderstandings. It is therefore important for us to spell out explicitly what kind of work we are dealing with here before we dive into other substantive issues. We should not take this book as (...)
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  27.  93
    Where Does Confucian Virtuous Leadership Stand?Chenyang Li - 2008 - Philosophy East and West 59 (4):531-536.
    There is an inner thoroughness spirit in traditional Chinese learning of classics—the so-called "Guoxue" in Chinese. Only on this foundation of "thoroughness" spirit can academics show its vigorous culture life and spiritual life, which makes traditional Chinese learning of classics pursue the transcendence of heaven and man and can’t be divided into a religion. Our traditional Chinese values and its original significance exist in our traditional academic system and the enlightenment of propriety and music. As for the self—identification, because of (...)
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  28.  49
    When my grandfather stole persimmons... Reflections on confucian filial love.Chenyang Li - 2008 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (2):135-139.
  29. 荀子物-欲关系新解.Chenyang Li - manuscript
     
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  30.  41
    Revisiting confucian.Chenyang Li - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (1):130-140.
    : At two fronts I defend my 1994 article. I argue that differences between Confucian jen ethics and feminist care ethics do not preclude their shared commonalities in comparison with Kantian, utilitarian, and contractarian ethics, and that Confucians do care. I also argue that Confucianism is capable of changing its rules to reflect its renewed understanding of jen, that care ethics is feminist, and that similarities between Confucian and care ethics have significant implications.
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  31. Declare the Independence of Confucianism from the State.Chenyang Li - 2019 - Journal of Confucian Philosophy and Culture 32:7-16.
    Since antiquity, Confucians have sought to work with the state in order to implement their philosophy through state sponsorship. And yet, whenever Confucians have sought state sponsorship, naturally the government has adopted Confucian philosophy selectively to serve its own purposes and thus compromised the integrity of Confucianism. Throughout Chinese history, countless Confucian officials attempted to help rulers to do the right thing. They often failed when their advice went against the fundamental interest of rulers. On reflection, this outcome should not (...)
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  32.  43
    Confucian Ethics and Care Ethics: The Political Dimension of a Scholarly Debate.Chenyang Li - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):897-903.
  33.  22
    Truth in Chinese Philosophy: A Commentary on Bo Mou’s Semantic-Truth Approaches in Chinese Philosophy.Chenyang Li - 2021 - Comparative Philosophy 12 (2).
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  34. 比较的时代里的中国研究与‘以中释中’的论辩.Chenyang Li - 2019 - 中国哲学与文化 16:51-61.
    Our age is one of globalization. A major characteristic of this age is the interaction, contention, and integration of various cultural and philosophical traditions. In such an environment, Chinese studies can no longer be conducted in isolation, independently of external influences. If we call the 18th-19th centuries the age of reason, the 20th century the age of analysis, the 21st century is the age of comparative study. In our age, the mantra of “interpreting China in terms of (only) Chinese perspectives” (...)
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  35. Community without Harmony? A Confucian Critique of Michael Sandel.Chenyang Li - 2018 - In Michael J. Sandel (ed.), Encountering China: Michael Sandel and Chinese Philosophy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 3-18.
    Michael Sandel has been one of the most powerful critics of liberalism in the past decades. His work, especially in Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, exposes some of the fundamental flaws of Rawlsian liberalism and shows the need for a community-based framework in order for us to adequately understand and appreciate the concept of the individual and just society. Confucians can endorse many of Sandel’s critiques of liberalism. From a Confucian perspective, however, Sandel’s version of communitarianism is nevertheless too (...)
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  36. Material Wellbeing and Cultivation of Character in Confucianism.Chenyang Li - 2014 - In L. Chenyang & Peimin Ni (eds.), Moral Cultivation and Confucian Character: Engaging Joel J. Kupperman. pp. 171-188.
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  37.  9
    Chinese Metaphysics and its Problems.Chenyang Li & Franklin Perkins (eds.) - 2015 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This volume of new essays is the first English-language anthology devoted to Chinese metaphysics. The essays explore the key themes of Chinese philosophy, from pre-Qin to modern times, starting with important concepts such as yin-yang and qi and taking the reader through the major periods in Chinese thought - from the Classical period, through Chinese Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism, into the twentieth-century philosophy of Xiong Shili. They explore the major traditions within Chinese philosophy, including Daoism and Mohism, and a broad range (...)
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  38. “从‘天人合一’回归‘天-地-人’三才思想:兼论儒家环境哲学的基本框架” (From ‘Heaven-humanity Unity’ Back to ‘Heaven-Earth-Humanity’—on the Fundamentals of a Confucian Environmental Philosophy).Chenyang Li - 2014 - 周易研究 5:5-10.
    长期以来,中国学术界流行把儒家的基本思想乃至整个中国文化归结为“天人合一”,并常常把“天人合一” 的源头归结于《易经》。其实考诸中国思想史,把儒家的基本思想总结为“天人合一”,特别是把“天人合一” 的来源归结于《易经》的说法并不准确,是一种误导。《易经》的“天、地、人”三才思想较之于“天人合一”更为符合儒家思想的本旨。在儒家三才和谐的理念中,天、地、人三者各自都有自身的功能与价值。身为三才和谐结 构中的积极参与者,人类拥有促进与维持宇宙和谐的重要责任。就环境哲学而言,儒家的“三才”说既不是“环境保护主义”,也不是“自然保护主义”,而且相对于大地伦理学与深层生态学等西方的整体性环境哲学而言,儒家 整体性的环境哲学赋予人类在宇宙间以一个更崇高的地位和责任。 .
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  39. Zhongyong as grand harmony: An alternative reading to Ames and Hall’s Focusing the familiar.Chenyang Li - 2004 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 3 (2):173-188.
  40.  10
    Bring Back Harmony in Philosophical Discourse: a Confucian Perspective.Chenyang Li - 2020 - Journal of Dharma Studies 2 (2):163-173.
    As both Chinese philosophy and Indian philosophy have been largely marginalized on the world stage of philosophy in contemporary times, there is a pressing need to bring these voices into the discourse of world philosophy. This essay explores the value of taking into account the Confucian idea of harmony for postcolonial solitary and for a more equitable polycentric global academy. I explicate the concept and the value of harmony as exemplified in Confucian philosophy. I examine reasons of the disappearance of (...)
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  41.  37
    Comparative Philosophy and Cultural Patterns.Chenyang Li - 2016 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 15 (4):533-546.
    As a genus of philosophy, comparative philosophy serves various important purposes. It helps people understand various philosophies and it helps philosophers develop new ideas and solve problems. In this essay, I first clarify the meaning of “comparative philosophy” and its main purposes, arguing that an important purpose of comparative philosophy is to help us understand cultural patterns. This function makes comparative philosophy even more significant in today’s globalized world.
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  42. Harmony: Origin of Totalitarianism or Patron of Pluralism?Chenyang Li & Dascha Düring - 2020 - Journal of East-West Thought 10 (2):1-9.
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  43.  95
    Natural kinds: Direct reference, realism, and the impossibility of necessary a posteriori truth.Chenyang Li - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (2):261-76.
    SCIENTISTS HAVE DISCOVERED that water is H2O. Water is H2O is true. But is it a necessary truth? In other words, is it true in all possible worlds? Some people think it is. For example Hilary Putnam, in his well-known Twin Earth argument, concludes that "water is H2O" is necessarily true; thus a liquid which phenomenally resembles H2O and fits the description of water in almost all aspects, but has the chemical formula XYZ, cannot be water. Saul Kripke has made (...)
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  44. Confucian Perspectives on Science and Technology.Chenyang Li - 2013 - In Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: An International Resource.
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  45.  57
    Xunzi on the origin of goodness: A new interpretation.Chenyang Li - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (s1):46-63.
    This essay explores a seeming mystery in the philosophy of Xunzi (荀子310-238 BCE), namely how goodness could have emerged in a world of people with only a bad human nature. I will examine existing interpretations and present a new reading of Xunzi. My purpose is to reconstruct a coherent view in Xunzi‟s philosophy as presented in the book of the Xunzi rather than defend the truth of his claims regarding human history.
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  46. Confucian Harmony in Dialogue with African Harmony.Chenyang Li - 2016 - African and Asian Studies 1 (2):1-10.
    Engaging in dialogue with African philosophy, I respond to questions raised by Thaddeus Metz on characteristics of Confucian philosophy in comparison with African philosophy. First, in both Confucian philosophy and African philosophy, harmony/harmonization and self-realization coincide in the process of person-making. Second, Confucians accept that sometimes it is inevitable to sacrifice individual components in order to achieve or maintain harmony at large scales; the point is how to minimize such costs. Third, Confucians give family love a central place in the (...)
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  47. Active Harmony and Passive Harmony.Chenyang Li - 2021 - In Li Chenyang, Hang Kwok Sai & During Dascha (eds.), Harmony in Chinese Thought: A Philosophical Introduction. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 41-56.
    This essay analyses two kinds of harmony as exemplified in Confucianism and Daoism and examines their relation with domination and freedom.
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  48. Ethics and Leadership: Hobbesian Men, Gilliganian Women, and Confucian Asians.Chenyang Li & Hong Xiao - 2005 - East-West Connections 5:107-144.
  49. 儒家傳統面臨的五個挑戰.Chenyang Li - 2003 - 中国社会科学文摘 27 (5):57-62.
    本文討論儒家思想傳統在近代和現代所面臨的五個主要的挑戰:科學,民 主,女性主義,環境主義,以及儒家自身如何生存下去的挑戰。.
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  50. “文化传统的价值组合配置刍论”(On Cultural Configurations of Values).Chenyang Li - 2013 - 北京大学学报 2:32-40.
    本文对文化的价值多样性进行多元的理解,集中阐述和讨论“文化的价值组合配置”(cultural configurations of values)概念。主要包括以下几个要点:(1)在世界的各种文化中,人类的价值有不同的表现形式,但其基本价值是相似的,甚至相同的。(2)人类的各种基本价值之间不但有互相促进的关系,也有相互矛盾、相互竞 争、相互冲突的关系。(3)一种文化类型提供对相互冲突的价值的一种处理方式。不同的文化形成其各自的价值组合与配置。这种价值的配置与其社会环境相适应,是其文化的核心部分。文化差异性的一个重要方面就是,尽管 所有文化共有这些基本价值,但是他们会给予这些价值不同的权重,形成不同的价值配置形式。(4)有时在同一个社会里,会存在若干“亚文化”,会有不同的价值配置。随着时间的推移,文化和社会都会有改变。虽然它们在 价值组合配置普世化上可能永远无法达成一致,但是它们之间的共同价值为和平共处提供了基础。.
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