Results for 'Michael P. Maratsos'

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  1.  31
    People Actually Are About as Bad as Social Psychologists Say, or Worse.Michael P. Maratsos - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):351-352.
    Experimental studies are not representative of how badly people function. We study people under relatively innocuous conditions, where their self-interests are very low. In the real world, where people's self-interests are much higher, people are much worse a good deal of the time (some illustrations are cited). This is often “adaptive” for the perpetrators, but that doesn't make it “good” behavior. That people function so badly in our experiments, where self-interest is relatively minimal, is what is really terrifying.
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  2. Language Acquisition.Michael P. Maratsos - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  3. Transcript of Science Policy Forum.P. J. Michaels - 2000 - Social Epistemology 14:131-180.
     
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  4.  55
    What Does Death Have to Do with the Meaning of Life?: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (4):457-465.
    Philosophers often distinguish in some way between two senses of life's meaning. Paul Edwards terms these a ‘cosmic’ and ‘terrestrial’ sense. The cosmic sense is that of an overall purpose of which our lives are a part and in terms of which our lives must be understood and our purposes and interests arranged. This overall purpose is often identified with God's divine scheme, but the two need not necessarily be equated. The terrestrial sense of meaning is the meaning people find (...)
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  5.  29
    ‘If There is a God, Any Experience Which Seems to Be of God, Will Be Genuine’1: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (2):207-217.
    In The Existence of God Richard Swinburne argues that ‘if there is a God, any experience which seems to be of God, will be genuine – will be of God.’ On the face of it this claim of the essential veridicality of any religious experience, given the existence of God, is incredible. Consider what is being claimed by looking at a particularly dramatic example – but one that is well within the purview of Swinburne's claim. The ‘Yorkshire Ripper’ who murdered (...)
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  6.  21
    Deep Structure and the Comparative Philosophy of Religion*: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):387-399.
    Through various applications of the ‘deep structure’ of moral and religious reasoning, I have sought to illustrate the value of a morally informed approach in helping us to understand the complexity of religious thought and practice…religions are primarily moved by rational moral concerns and…ethical theory provides the single most powerful methodology for understanding religious belief. Ronald Green, Religion and Moral Reason.
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  7.  16
    ‘Can We Speak Literally of God?’: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (1):53-59.
    I shall argue that the question ‘Can we speak literally of God?’ is fundamentally an epistemological question concerning whether we can know that God exists. If and only if we can know that God can exist can we know that we can speak literally of God.
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  8.  25
    Judicial Liberalism and Capitalism: Justice Field Reconsidered: Michael P. Zuckert.Michael P. Zuckert - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):102-134.
    Justice Stephen J. Field was the champion of a form of liberalism often said to be especially friendly to capitalism, the approach to the Constitution traditionally identified with “Lochnerism,” i.e., a laissez-faire oriented judicial activism. More recently a form of judicial revisionism has arisen, challenging the accepted descriptions of “Lochnerism” and of Field's jurisprudence. This article is an attempt to extend the revisionist approach by arriving at a more satisfactory understanding of the grounding of Field's jurisprudence in the natural rights (...)
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  9.  13
    Can There Be Self-Authenticating Experiences of God?: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (2):229-234.
    Let us follow Robert Oakes in describing a self-authenticating experience of God as one that ‘would have the epistemic uniqueness of guaranteeing –all by itself – its veridicality to the person who had it.’ The idea that there could be self-authenticating experiences of God has been criticized often in recent years. It seems that the only experiences that could be self-authenticating are those about one's own current psychological states. Nevertheless, the individual who claims to have such an experience of God (...)
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  10.  20
    Mystical Experience and Non–Basically Justified Belief: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (3):335-345.
    Two theses are central to foundationalism. First, the foundationalist claims that there is a class of propositions, a class of empirical contingent beliefs, that are ‘immediately justified’. Alternatively, one can describe these beliefs as ‘self–evident’, ‘non–inferentially justified’, or ‘self–warranted’, though these are not always regarded as entailing one another. The justification or epistemic warrant for these beliefs is not derived from other justified beliefs through inductive evidential support or deductive methods of inference. These ‘basic beliefs’ constitute the foundations of empirical (...)
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  11.  14
    Why the Incarnation is a Superfluous Detail for Kierkegaard: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (2):171-175.
    Why does the paradox play such a crucial role in Kierkegaard's notion of truth as subjectivity? Richard Schacht explains it as follows: Eternal happiness is possible for a man only if it is possible for him to relate himself to God. A man, however, is a being who exists in time; and it would not be possible for such a being to enter into a ‘God-relationship’ if God had not also at some point existed in time. Through the ‘leap of (...)
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  12. The Afterlife of Moses: Exile, Democracy, Renewal.Michael P. Steinberg - 2022
    Moses and modernism -- Under Lincoln's eyes -- Hannah Arendt crosses the Atlantic -- Yaron Ezrahi : democracy and the post-epic nation.
     
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  13. Truth as One and Many.Michael P. Lynch - 2009 - Clarendon Press.
    What is truth? Michael Lynch defends a bold new answer to this question. Traditional theories of truth hold that truth has only a single uniform nature. All truths are true in the same way. More recent deflationary theories claim that truth has no nature at all; the concept of truth is of no real philosophical importance. In this concise and clearly written book, Lynch argues that we should reject both these extremes and hold that truth is a functional property. (...)
  14.  81
    Rethinking Wilderness: The Need for a New Idea of Wilderness.Michael P. Nelson - 1996 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (2):6-9.
    The “received” concept of wilderness as a place apart from and untouched by humans is five-times flawed: it is not universalizable, it is ethnocentric, it is ecologically naive, it separates humans from nature, and its referent is nonexistent. The received view of wilderness leads to dilemmas and unpalatable consequences, including the loss of designated wilderness areas by political and legislative authorities. What is needed is a more flexible notion of wilderness. Suggestions are made for a revised concept of wilderness.
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  15.  8
    Boundaries, Reasons, and Relativism.Michael P. Wolf - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Research 37:205-220.
    During the latter half of the twentieth century, many philosophers in Europe and America turned towards social pragmatist and holistic accounts of concepts and theories. In this paper, I make the case that many forms of relativism—moral and otherwise—that emerge from this turn are misguided. While we must always operate from some framework of practices in which things may serve as reasons for us, most forms of relativism in recent decades have more boldly granted us immunity from external rational scrutiny. (...)
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  16.  14
    Contextualist Responses to Greene’s Puzzle.Michael P. Wolf - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (2):179-182.
  17.  82
    True to Life: Why Truth Matters.Michael P. Lynch - 2004 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    In this engaging and spirited text, Michael Lynch argues that truth does matter, in both our personal and political lives. He explains that the growing cynicism over truth stems in large part from our confusion over what truth is.
  18.  16
    Internet of Us: Knowing More and Understanding Less in the Age of Big Data.Michael P. Lynch - 2016 - New York, NY, USA: WW Norton.
    An investigation into the way in which information technology has shaped how and what we know, from "Google-knowing" to privacy and social media.
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  19.  39
    Know-It-All Society: Truth and Arrogance in Political Culture.Michael P. Lynch - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: WW Norton.
    Know-it-All Society is about how we form and maintain our political convictions, and the ways in which political ideologies, human psychology and technology conspire to make our society more dogmatic, less intellectually humble and ultimately less democratic.
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  20.  42
    A Defense of Environmental Ethics: A Reply to Janna Thompson.Michael P. Nelson - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (3):245-257.
    Janna Thompson dismisses environmental ethics primarily because it does not meet her criteria for ethics: consistency, non-vacuity, and decidability. In place of a more expansive environmental ethic, she proposes to limit moral considerability to beings with a “point of view.” I contend, first, that a point-of-view centered ethic is unacceptable not only because it fails to meet the tests of her own and other criteria,but also because it is precisely the type of ethic that has contributed to our current environmental (...)
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  21.  4
    Virtuous Circles.Michael P. Smith - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):207-220.
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  22.  34
    The World and the Wild: Expanding Wilderness Conservation Beyond its American Roots. [REVIEW]Michael P. Nelson - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (1):107-110.
  23.  18
    What’s So Good About Feeling Bad?Michael P. Smith - 1985 - Faith and Philosophy 2 (4):424-429.
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  24.  19
    Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy.Michael P. Zuckert & Catherine H. Zuckert - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    Leo Strauss and his alleged political influence regarding the Iraq War have in recent years been the subject of significant media attention, including stories in the _Wall Street Journal _and _New York Times._ _Time_ magazine even called him “one of the most influential men in American politics.” With _The Truth about Leo Strauss_, Michael and Catherine Zuckert challenged the many claims and speculations about this notoriously complex thinker. Now, with _Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy_, they turn (...)
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  25. Descriptions as Negations.Michael P. Slattery - 1967 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 16:193-209.
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  26.  27
    Heidegger and Epideictic Discourse: The Rhetorical Performance of Meditative Thinking.Michael P. Sipiora - 1991 - Philosophy Today 35 (3):239-253.
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  27.  18
    Worth Doing.Michael P. Nelson - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (2):451-452.
    Chapter 1 makes a persuasive case for the “worthiness of worth thinking” within moral thought. Perhaps more importantly, it demonstrates that any systematic attempt to consider the meaning of a good and worthwhile life must seriously address the concept of worth: “we need ideals of worthiness to address the more threateningly and excitingly open questions about how to live”.
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  28.  9
    The Pine Island Paradox. [REVIEW]Michael P. Nelson - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (3):335-339.
  29.  24
    More on What There Isn’T.Michael P. Slattery - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 26 (2):344 - 348.
    In what follows I will use the phrase "category term" to mean any term which indicates a species or genus of physical object, as for example "dog" and "animal." I will use the word "category" for a range of types going from ultimate genus to ultimate species, a type being a genus or species.
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  30.  9
    Is Being a Genus?Michael P. Slattery - 1958 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 8:89-104.
    Those who in the past tended to say that being is a genus, coupled their assertion with the belief that the genus is univocal, thus making being univocal—a position which can easily be overturned. Others failed to distinguish between being as meaning essence, and so divisible into the ten categories, and being as meaning existence. The consequence was that they restricted the Divine Being to a genus of being, thereby denying God’s transcendence. As far as I know, the theory which (...)
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  31. The Threefold Division of Analogy.Michael P. Slattery - 1966 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 15:131-154.
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  32.  37
    Truth in Context: An Essay on Pluralism and Objectivity.Michael P. Lynch - 1998 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    A Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 1999 Academic debates about pluralism and truth have become increasingly polarized in recent years. One side embraces extreme relativism, deeming any talk of objective truth as philosophically naïve. The opposition, frequently arguing that any sort of relativism leads to nihilism, insists on an objective notion of truth according to which there is only one true story of the world. Both sides agree that there is no middle path. In Truth in Context, Michael Lynch (...)
  33.  3
    The Death of Our Planet’s Species: A Challenge to Ecology and Ethics. [REVIEW]Michael P. Nelson & Craig G. Buttke - 2006 - Environmental Philosophy 3 (1):82-83.
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  34. True to Life: Why Truth Matters.Michael P. Lynch - 2004 - Philosophy 80 (314):601-604.
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  35. Epistemic Circularity and Epistemic Incommensurability.Michael P. Lynch - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:262--77.
  36.  8
    Introduction: Ethical Responsibilities Regarding Drugs, Patents, and Health.Michael P. Ryan - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4):543-547.
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  37. ReWrighting Pluralism.Michael P. Lynch - 2006 - The Monist 89 (1):63–84.
  38.  76
    The Importance of Values in Evidence-Based Medicine.Michael P. Kelly, Iona Heath, Jeremy Howick & Trisha Greenhalgh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):69.
    Evidence-based medicine has always required integration of patient values with ‘best’ clinical evidence. It is widely recognized that scientific practices and discoveries, including those of EBM, are value-laden. But to date, the science of EBM has focused primarily on methods for reducing bias in the evidence, while the role of values in the different aspects of the EBM process has been almost completely ignored.
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  39.  19
    Natural Rights and the New Republicanism.Michael P. Zuckert - 1998 - Princeton University Press.
    In Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Michael Zuckert proposes a new view of the political philosophy that lay behind the founding of the United States.
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  40. The Nature of Truth: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives.Michael P. Lynch (ed.) - 2001 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
  41.  31
    Perception of Motion Affects Language Processing.Michael P. Kaschak, Carol J. Madden, David J. Therriault, Richard H. Yaxley, Mark Aveyard, Adrienne A. Blanchard & Rolf A. Zwaan - 2005 - Cognition 94 (3):B79-B89.
  42.  4
    Metaphor and Metaphysics.Michael P. Slattery - 1955 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 5:89-99.
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  43. Truth and Multiple Realizability.Michael P. Lynch - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):384 – 408.
    Pluralism about truth is the view that there is more than one way for a proposition to be true. When taken to imply that there is more than one concept and property of truth, this position faces a number of troubling objections. I argue that we can overcome these objections, and yet retain pluralism's key insight, by taking truth to be a multiply realizable property of propositions.
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  44. The Values of Truth and the Truth of Values.Michael P. Lynch - 2009 - In Pritchard, Haddock & MIllar (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 225--42.
     
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  45.  20
    Active Learning as Destituent Potential: Agambenian Philosophy of Education and Moderate Steps Towards the Coming Politics.Michael P. A. Murphy - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (1):66-78.
    Beginning in earnest in the late 1990s, educational researchers devoted increasing attention to the study of “active learning,” leading to a robust literature on the topic in the scholarship of teaching and learning. Meanwhile, during largely the same period, political theorists discovered the radical philosophy of Giorgio Agamben, which soon after began to ripple through more radical forms of philosophy of education. While both the SoTL works on active learning and writings of “Agambenian” philosophers of education have offered new insights (...)
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  46. Truth, Value and Epistemic Expressivism.Michael P. Lynch - 2009 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (1):76-97.
  47. The Natural Rights Republic: Studies in the Foundation of the American Political Tradition.Michael P. Zuckert - 1996
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  48. A Functionalist Theory of Truth.Michael P. Lynch - 2001 - In The Nature of Truth: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives. pp. 723--750.
  49.  45
    After the Spade Turns: Disagreement, First Principles and Epistemic Contractarianism.Michael P. Lynch - 2016 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 6 (2-3):248-259.
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  50. Against Liberation: Putting Animals in Perspective.Michael P. T. Leahy - 1991 - Routledge.
    The Western world is currently gripped by an obsessive concern for the rights of animals - their uses and abuses. In this book, Leahy argues that this is a movement based upon a series of fundamental misconceptions about the basic nature of animals. This is a radical philosophical questioning of prevailing views on animal rights, which credit animals with a self-consciousness like ours. Leahy's conclusions have implications for issues such as bloodsports, meat eating and fur trading.
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