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  1. The Ethical Implications of Environmental Racism: Considerations for Advancing Health Equity.Alice Story, Nicole Bell, Sophie Schott, Faith Fletcher & Jelani Kerr - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (3):35-37.
    In “The Bioethics of Environmental Injustice: Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Implications of Unhealthy Environments,” Ray and Cooper (2024) initiate needed discourse on environmental justice and the...
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  2. Die Entscheidung: Zum Rassismus in der Philosophie. (The Decision: On racism in Philosophy. ).Korassi Téwéché - manuscript
    Es gibt keine allgemeingültige Antwort auf die Frage: Wie soll man Kants rassistische Texte lesen? Statt über Worte und Begriffe zu diskutieren, müssen wir einander kennenlernen. Wir müssen uns selbst verändern. Diese Art des Lesens nenne ich organische Philosophie. Im Grunde geht es darum, eine neue Art des Philosophierens zu erproben, die über Systeme und Konzepte, Phantasien und Träume hinausgeht. All das fordert Mut.
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  3. A memória enferma e o racismo como sintoma de uma neurose cultural brasileira: sobre a necessidade de uma terapia mnemônica coletiva com base nos pensamentos de Paul Ricœur e Lélia Gonzalez.Carlos Frederiqui Dias Bubols - 2023 - Revista Guairacá de Filosofia 39 (2).
  4. "I'm Not a Racist, But...".Lawrence Blum - 2002 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    Media, politicians, and individuals often use the term "racism" casually and inaccurately, threatening to strip the concept of its meaning and moral force, argues Blum in "'I'm Not a Racist, But...': The Moral Quandary of Race". Not all racial incidents are racist incidents. Blum asserts that only "certain especially serious moral failings and violations" merit the designation "racism." Discussing various scholarly perspectives on the construction of racial categories, Blum calls for a balance between "ridding ourselves of the myth of race" (...)
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  5. Does Richard Rorty have ‘anything to say to blacks’? Greater cruelties, lesser cruelties and the permanence of racism.Nathan W. Dean - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Richard Rorty does have something ‘to say to [Black Americans]’ and to their racially conscious nonblack allies in the sense that his understanding of liberalism, his prophecies about the future and his urgent appeals to the American Left all paint a picture of a white middle class fully prepared to make life increasingly miserable for Black Americans unless it is ‘protected from catastrophe’. Rorty hopes that this group will undergo a moral transformation that enables it to see past its narrow (...)
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  6. El racismo como dimensión fundamental del dominio: la analítica del poder de Foucault a partir del contexto colonial.Bruno Osella - 2023 - Res Pública. Revista de Historia de Las Ideas Políticas 26 (3):249-260.
    Aunque la obra de Foucault haya influido en el pensamiento poscolonial y decolonial, a menudo se acusó al francés de eurocentrismo, renunciando, en algunos casos, a un diálogo enriquecedor entre su obra y estas corrientes de estudio. Teniendo como interés específico el tema del racismo, en este trabajo analizaremos primero el curso de Foucault Defender la sociedad y luego las contribuciones de pensadores y pensadoras decoloniales, de Frantz Fanon y Achille Mbembe. La consulta del archivo colonial ofrece posibles cronologías acerca (...)
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  7. “No Justice, No Peace”: Black Lives Matter, Institutional Racism, and Legal Order.Luigi D. A. Corrrias - 2023 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 55 (1):94-110.
    Following the murder of George Floyd, the Black Lives Matter-movement (BLM) took to the streets to protest against institutional racism. In these protests, one could often hear the slogan “No Justice, No Peace”. Drawing on legal theory, speech act theory and phenomenology, this article investigates what kind of justice and peace are called upon and how the slogan functions as a claim addressed to the legal order. First, the article shows that the rule of law provides a comprehensive normative framework (...)
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  8. “No Justice, No Peace”: Black Lives Matter, Institutional Racism, and Legal Order.Luigi D. A. Corrrias - 2023 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 55 (1):94-110.
    Following the murder of George Floyd, the Black Lives Matter-movement (BLM) took to the streets to protest against institutional racism. In these protests, one could often hear the slogan “No Justice, No Peace”. Drawing on legal theory, speech act theory and phenomenology, this article investigates what kind of justice and peace are called upon and how the slogan functions as a claim addressed to the legal order. First, the article shows that the rule of law provides a comprehensive normative framework (...)
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  9. Jeannie N. Shinozuka, Biotic Borders: Transpacific Plant and Insect Migration and the Rise of Anti-Asian Racism in America, 1890–1950, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2022, 296 pp. [REVIEW]Lisa Onaga - 2023 - Journal of the History of Biology 56 (4):755-757.
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  10. SOLANES CORELLA, Ángeles (Dir.): Dinámicas racistas y prácticas discriminatorias.José María Garrán Martínez - 2024 - Anuario de Filosofía Del Derecho 39.
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  11. Fantasizing the Jouissance of the Chinese (M-)Other: Amy Tan's Quest for Stardom in the Market of Neo-Racism.Sinkwan Cheng - 1997 - la Famille, Un Dispositif Universel?/ is the Family Universal?_, Ed. Willy Apollon, Danielle Bergeron, Lucie Cantin. Special Issue, _Savoir: Psychanalyse Et Analyse Culturelle_ (Gifric) 3 (1-2):95-133.
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  12. Epistemic injustice? Banning ‘critical race theory’, ‘divisive topics’, and ‘embedded racism’ in the classroom.Henry Lara-Steidel & Winston C. Thompson - 2024 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 57 (4-5):862-879.
    In more than half of its states, the USA has recently passed or proposed legislation to limit or ban public educational curricular reference to race, gender, sexuality, or other identity topics. The stated justifications for these legislative moves are myriad, but they share a foundational claim; namely, these topics are asserted to be politically and socially divisive such that they ought not to be included within state-controlled schools. In this paper, we consider the claims of divisiveness regarding these topics and (...)
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  13. The Future of Double Consciousness: Epistemic Virtue, Identity, and Structural Anti-Blackness.Orlando Hawkins & Emmalon Davis - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper considers two conceptual expansions of Du Boisian double consciousness—white double consciousness (Alcoff 2015) and kaleidoscopic consciousness (Medina 2013)—both of which aim to articulate the moral-epistemic potential of cultivating double consciousness from racially dominant or other socially privileged positions. We analyze these concepts and challenge them on the grounds that they lack continuity with their Du Boisian predecessor and face problems of practical feasibility. As we show, these expansions obscure structural barriers that make white double consciousness and kaleidoscopic consciousness (...)
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  14. Solidarism and the Struggle Against Environmental Racism.Avery Kolers - 2024 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 14 (1):103-123.
    Margaret Kohn has argued that fin-de-siècle French Solidarists such as Alfred Fouillée developed a “third way” between capitalism and socialism which still provides a powerful justification for “welfare state” institutions and public-goods provision. But how does Solidarism respond to the demands for environmental justice, and against environmental racism, which have emerged in the past 50 years, mostly in Women of Color-led social movements. Distinguishing three elements of environmental justice, and also pinpointing the logic of expendability at the core of environmental (...)
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  15. “Walking Together”: Can Racism Be Overcome by a Postsecular Spirituality?Douglas J. Cremer - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-16.
    The continuing power of racist ideology threatens liberal democracy, for racism is more than a personal bias or a social construction. It is an ideological framework that reduces human beings to an existence along a color-coded spectrum, with people designated as “white” at the top of the hierarchy and people designated as “black” at the bottom. One has to see this ideology clearly in order to choose a proper response and then act accordingly. First, the reality of “race” has been (...)
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  16. Anchor bias, autonomy, and 20th‐century bioethicists' blindness to racism.Robert Baker - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    The central thesis of this article is that by anchoring bioethics' core conceptual armamentarium in a four-principled theory emphasizing autonomy and treating justice as a principle of allocation, theorists inadvertently biased 20th-century bioethical scholarship against addressing such subjects as ableism, anti-Black racism, classism, and other forms of discrimination, placing them outside of the scope of bioethics research and scholarship. It is also claimed that these scope limitations can be traced to the displacement of the nascent concept of respect for persons—a (...)
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  17. Human rights: religious freedom and the anti-racist fight in the Latin American Black Diaspora.Alex Pereira De Araújo - 2023 - Sanwad Tradeprints, Pune, India: Bhishma Prakashan. Edited by Yashwant Pathak & A. Adityanjee.
    This chapter is devoted to the discussion of religious freedom and the anti-racist fight in the Black Diaspora in Latin America, considering the historical processes that involve such discussion, including legal apparatus such as Human Rights and local legislation. Therefore, as a starting point, we take the historical conditions of the emergence of Candomblé in Brazil, that are linked to the trafficking of enslaved African peoples and their resistance to keep alive in their memories, their religious beliefs and their worldviews. (...)
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  18. Necropolítica made in Brazil: exercício do poder de morte nas periferias do capitalismo através do racismo.Isabela Simões Bueno - 2020 - Cadernos PET-Filosofia (Parana) 18 (2).
    Buscar-se-á desenvolver no presente artigo a temática do racismo e sua forma de operar dentro de um contexto no qual se verifica a existência de uma biopolítica, e, posteriormente, de uma necropolítica; com enfoque no seu potencial de dividir e estigmatizar populações. Para isso, faz-se necessário identificar a atuação do racismo de Estado trabalhado por Michel Foucault no curso “Em Defesa da Sociedade” (2005) e de outras formas de racismo no cenário capitalista em dois momentos distintos: o primeiro englobando o (...)
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  19. Dangerous jokes: how racism and sexism weaponize humor.Claire Horisk - 2024 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this book, Claire Horisk argues that the real problem with so-called offensive jokes-such as racist, sexist, and ethnic jokes-is not that they are offensive but that they are harmful, because they transmit and reinforce stereotypes and ideas that contribute to a network of unjust disadvantage for the derogated group. She distinguishes between belittling jokes, which shore up unjust disadvantage for social groups, and disparaging jokes, which derogate powerful groups such as doctors but do not contribute to unjust disadvantage. She (...)
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  20. Causes et pérennité du racisme environnemental au prisme du phénomène de la réification de l’environnement.Emilien Naval - 2023 - Ithaque 1 (33):53–79.
    D’où vient la difficulté des démocraties libérales à résorber les inégalités de distribution des risques environnementaux qui affectent davantage les personnes racisées? Dit autrement, d’où vient leur incapacité à contrer le racisme environnemental? En mobilisant la notion de réification, cet article cherche à analyser les causes de la perpétuation de cette forme particulière de racisme dans nos sociétés. Après avoir défini ce concept et celui de racisme environnemental, nous explorons deux possibles explications s’appuyant sur des conceptions différentes du processus de (...)
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  21. Dogwhistles and Figleaves: How Manipulative Language Spreads Racism and Falsehood.Jennifer Saul - 2024 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    It is widely accepted that political discourse in recent years has become more openly racist and more filled with wildly implausible conspiracy theories. Dogwhistles and Figleaves explores certain ways in which such changes—both of which defied previously settled norms of political speech—have been brought about. Jennifer Saul shows that two linguistic devices, dogwhistles and figleaves, have played a crucial role. Some dogwhistles (such as “88,” used by Nazis online to mean “Heil Hitler”) serve to disguise messages that would otherwise be (...)
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  22. O racismo no Iluminismo: notas sobre crítica filosófica e história da filosofia.Rodrigo Brandão - 2023 - Dois Pontos 20 (2).
    O presente artigo apresenta uma série de considerações sobre o tema do racismo no pensamento Iluminista com a intenção tanto de contribuir para a análise dos fundamentos do racismo moderno quanto para apresentar uma defesa da história da filosofia como disciplina capaz de auxiliar a tarefa de crítica filosófica de nosso presente. Em primeiro lugar, sugere uma série de reflexões gerais sobre maneiras de abordar e aprofundar a reflexão sobre o racismo no pensamento moderno, sobretudo no século XVIII. Em segundo (...)
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  23. O racismo de Hume por Hume.Maria Isabel Limongi - 2023 - Dois Pontos 20 (2).
    O artigo trata da famosa nota do ensaio Dos Caracteres Nacionais, na qual Hume afirma suspeitar que os negros são inferiores aos brancos. No lugar de perguntar o quanto o racismo expresso na nota penetra na obra, como se costuma fazer, coloca-se outra questão: o que Hume tem a dizer sobre o conteúdo da nota, levando em conta seu contexto de enunciação? Como ele situa no ensaio Dos Caracteres nacionais o seu próprio racismo? A partir de uma análise do ensaio (...)
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  24. Gilbert Varet, Racisme et philosophie. Essai sur une limite de la pensée, Paris, Denoël-Gonthier, 1973. 13,5 × 21,5, 492 p. [REVIEW]Jean-Claude Margolin - 1974 - Revue de Synthèse 95 (75-76):341-342.
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  25. Kant's Racism as a Philosophical Problem.Laurenz Ramsauer - 2023 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 104 (4):791-815.
    Immanuel Kant was possibly both the most influential racist and the most influential moral philosopher of modern, Western thought. So far, authors have either interpreted Kant as an “inconsistent egalitarian” or as a “consistent inegalitarian.” On the former view, Kant failed to draw the necessary conclusions about persons from his own moral philosophy; on the latter view, Kant did not consider non‐White people as persons at all. However, both standard interpretations face significant textual difficulties; instead, I argue that Kant's moral (...)
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  26. Against the Turn to Critical Race Theory and “Anti-racism” in Academic Medicine.Thomas S. Huddle - 2023 - HEC Forum 35 (4):337-356.
    Medical academics are increasingly bringing critical race theory (CRT) or its corollaries to their discourse, to their curricula, and to their analyses of health and medical treatment disparities. The author argues that this is an error. The author considers the history of CRT, its claims, and its current presence in the medical literature. He contends that CRT is inimical to usual academic modes of inquiry and has obscured rather than aided the analysis of social and medical treatment disparities. Remedies for (...)
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  27. Reduced to Brutish Nature: On Racism and the Law of Value.Lukas Egger - 2023 - Historical Materialism 31 (3):106-133.
    Following the work of Peter Schmitt-Egner, this article lays out a value-form theoretical approach to racism. During the debates within German Marxism on the reconstruction of the critique of political economy (Neue Marx-Lektüre), Schmitt-Egner developed a theory in the 1970s that tries to explain racism with reference to Marx’s analysis of the commodity form and circulation. Thereby he developed a highly original theoretical derivation of racism as an ideological reification of the debased position of colonised labour power in comparison with (...)
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  28. Ancient Racists, Color-Blindness, and Figs: Why Periodization and Localization Matters for for Anti-Racism.William Harwood - 2023 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 29 (1):5-36.
    Interrogating received knowledge is constitutive to any critical project, and recently there has been a wave of scholarship which argues for locating the origin of racist-thinking prior to modern Europe—even prior to the Common Era—without any real consideration of the potential dangers accompanying such a seismic redefinition. By expanding “racism” to include potentially any pre-modern xenophobic or ethnicist atrocity, even well-meaning scholarship dilutes the peculiar injustice of modern Europe’s most successful epistemological weapon. As a result, we lose any criteria to (...)
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  29. Anti-Racism and Releasement: Anti-Blackness, Calculation, and the Provocation of Gelassenheit.Eyo Ewara - 2023 - Philosophy Today 67 (4):749-771.
    This paper explores the selective uptake of Martin Heidegger’s work in critical philosophy of race and in black studies. While scholars have drawn from Heidegger’s thinking on technology to offer accounts of the technological production of race in general and of blackness in particular, few have engaged with Heidegger’s response to technology: his discussions of Gelassenheit or “releasement.” This paper analyzes this avoidance of Gelassenheit, arguing that its interpretation as passivity points to broader anxieties about the need to act that (...)
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  30. Christian Supremacy: Reckoning With the Roots of Antisemitism and Racism.Nathan Ron - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-3.
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  31. Pandemic Racism: Lessons on the Nature, Structures, and Trajectories of Racism During COVID-19.A. Elias & J. Ben - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-7.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has been one of the most acute global crises in recent history, which profoundly impacted the world across many dimensions. During this period, racism manifested in ways specifically related to the pandemic, including xenophobic sentiments, racial attacks, discriminatory policies, and disparate outcomes across racial/ethnic groups. This paper examines some of the pressing questions about pandemic racism and inequity. We review what research has revealed about the nature and manifestations of racism, the entrenchment of structural racism, and trajectories (...)
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  32. La Primera Enmienda de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica y la protección del discurso racista.Andrés Gascón Cuenca - 2013 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 47:163-182.
    La evolución jurisprudencial que el Tribunal Supremo de Estados Unidos ha realizado a lo largo de su historia de la Primera Enmienda de la Constitución, ha ido adaptándose tanto a la visión de la libertad de expresión modulada por parte del Tribunal, como a la realidad de la propia sociedad americana. En este artículo se presentará cuál ha sido la evolución que ha sufrido la protección que en los diferentes momentos que conforman la historia jurisprudencial de la Primera Enmienda se (...)
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  33. You Say I Want a Revolution.Wendy Salkin - 2024 - The Monist 107 (1):39-56.
    An underexamined insight of W. E. B. Du Bois’s John Brown is that John Brown worked for much of his life to cultivate democratic relationships with the Black Americans with and for whom he worked. Brown did so through practicing deference and deliberation, and by seeking authorization. However, Brown’s commitment to these practices faltered at a crucial moment in decision making: when he raided Harpers Ferry absent widespread support. Examining this aspect of John Brown brings into relief an overlooked tragic (...)
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  34. Instrumentalism, Moral Encroachment, and Epistemic Injustice.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - forthcoming - Philosophical Topics.
    According to the thesis of pragmatic encroachment, practical circumstances can affect whether someone is in a position to know or rationally believe a proposition. For example, whether it is epistemically rational for a person to believe that the bank will be open on Saturdays, can depend not only on the strength of the person’s evidence, but also on how practically important it is for the person not to be wrong about the bank being open on Saturdays. In recent years, philosophers (...)
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  35. Réponse à la critique de Jean-Christophe Grellety concernant mon article : « De la fraternité raciste à la fraternité républicaine ».Philippe Larralde - 2019 - L’Enseignement Philosophique 69 (2):49-50.
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  36. Une fraternité raciste? Un racisme généralisé? Il ne faut pas généraliser ce qui est particulier….Jean-Christophe Grellety - 2019 - L’Enseignement Philosophique 69 (1):69-71.
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  37. De la fraternité raciste à la fraternité républicaine : qu’est-ce que l’altruisme?Philippe Larralde - 2018 - L’Enseignement Philosophique 68 (3):15-35.
    Si le racisme consiste à exclure une personne ou un groupe de personnes sur la base d’un critère arbitraire (quel qu’il soit), alors la fraternité républicaine, qui se veut universelle, est l’exact contraire du racisme. L’objet du présent texte est de montrer que la construction de cette notion suppose un long chemin. Considérer tout être humain comme un frère ne va nullement de soi ; c’est le résultat d’une évolution lente et complexe, tant historique qu’individuelle. Il s’agit de comprendre en (...)
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  38. Lévi-Strauss, l’UNESCO et la question du racisme.Charles Boyer - 2012 - L’Enseignement Philosophique 62 (1):24-29.
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  39. For Whom the Advantage Tolls: Institutional Racism and the Prospective Legacies of SFFA v. Harvard.J. E. Elliott - 2023 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2023 (204):145-154.
    ExcerptFew U.S. Supreme Court decisions in living memory have combined a widespread expectation in verdict with a broad aggrievement of impact as dynamically as SFFA v. Harvard. Anyone remotely concerned with the fortunes of higher education in North America would have had good reason to believe, on or before June 29, 2023, that the “special consideration” of race in university admissions had reached its best-buy date. The key predictive decisions twenty years earlier—Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger—tolled the clock. (...)
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  40. Duties of social identity? Intersectional objections to Sen’s identity politics.Alex Madva, Katherine Gasdaglis & Shannon Doberneck - 2023 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-31.
    Amartya Sen argues that sectarian discord and violence are fueled by confusion about the nature of identity, including the pervasive tendency to see ourselves as members of singular social groups standing in opposition to other groups (e.g. Democrat vs. Republican, Muslim vs. Christian, etc.). Sen defends an alternative model of identity, according to which we all inevitably belong to a plurality of discrete identity groups (including ethnicities, classes, genders, races, religions, careers, hobbies, etc.) and are obligated to choose, in any (...)
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  41. The ethics of coercion in mental healthcare: the role of structural racism.Mirjam Faissner & Esther Braun - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    In mental health ethics, it is generally assumed that coercive measures are sometimes justified when persons with mental illness endanger themselves or others. Coercive measures are regarded as ethically justified only when certain criteria are fulfilled: for example, the intervention must be proportional in relation to the potential harm. In this paper, we demonstrate shortcomings of this established ethical framework in cases where people with mental illness experience structural racism. By drawing on a case example from mental healthcare, we first (...)
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  42. Psychology, Social Rights and therapeutic processes of black people: historical effects of racism on subjectivity, diagnosis of mental disorder such as institutional racism and other clinical specificities.Daniel Dall'Igna Ecker, Analice de Lima Palombini, Vania Roseli Correa de Mello & Milene Amaral Pereira - 2023 - Aletheia 56 (1):128-151.
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  43. The Perils and Strains of Teaching Race and Racism to Predominantly White Teacher Candidates.Bathseba Opini & Patrick Radebe - 2023 - Studies in Social Justice 17 (3):454-476.
    This paper examines the overt and covert racism Black professors experience within the context of mainstream university teacher education programs. Informed by literature from Canadian sources and the authors’ personal experiences, the paper challenges the perception that Canadian postsecondary teacher education is amenable to honest, open and civil debates regarding racism. The common view of Canada as an inclusive and welcoming society needs re-examining given the degree of resistance encountered by racialized professors while teaching controversial topics, including racism and antiracism. (...)
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  44. Beyond Good Intentions: Principles for Anti-racist Community-Engaged Research.Alexis Grant & Andrea L. DaViera - 2023 - In Emily E. Anderson (ed.), Ethical Issues in Community and Patient Stakeholder–Engaged Health Research. Springer Verlag. pp. 41-63.
    What does anti-racist community-engaged research look like? To answer this question, we use a Critical Race Theory lens to produce a working definition: Anti-racist community-engaged research decolonizes knowledge production through participation of groups of people affiliated by geographic proximity, special interests, or similar situations working to actively change and/or dismantle the intersectional, interlocking oppressive systems that affect well-being. Against the backdrop of historical trauma in the fields of health and social sciences and continued oppressive practices, we detail how research has (...)
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  45. La perception raciste du visage d’après Félix Guattari.Camille Chamois - 2023 - Multitudes 92 (3):184-192.
    Selon Félix Guattari les systèmes de coercition matériels sont progressivement remplacés au XX e siècle par des techniques de « modelage des systèmes perceptifs », à la fois plus douces et plus prenantes. Pour rendre compte de cette théorie de la socialisation de la perception et des ses enjeux socio-politiques nous nous focalisons sur la perception du visage d’autrui en soulignant l’ensemble des biais perceptifs (notamment racistes) identifiés par Guattari. Une étude approfondie des modalités d’apprentissage perceptif permet d’actualiser une dimension (...)
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  46. Genetic ancestry testing, whiteness and the limits of anti-racism.Katharine Tyler - 2021 - New Genetics and Society 40 (2):216-235.
    This article explores how a branch of genomic science that embraces and advocates anti-racism, public participation, consultation and inclusion unintentionally supports everyday discourses of race and racism. It focuses on the reproduction of racism and exposes the limits of anti-racist discourses that are embedded in public engagements with the science and technology of genetic ancestry testing. I deploy a case study which is centerd on the analysis of commentaries posted on the internet which were written in response to a newspaper (...)
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  47. Is Racism Essentially Systemic?Michael O. Hardimon - 2023 - American Philosophical Quarterly 60 (4):369-380.
    A shift in popular discourse over the last few years makes it makes it tempting to think that the answer to the question whether racism is essentially systemic is yes. My argument, however, is that there are forms of racism—things that are properly counted as instances of racism—that are distinct from and independent of systemic racism. These include ideational racism, ideological racism, racism as antipathy, and racism as prejudice and bigotry. Systemic racism does exist and is not reducible to these (...)
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  48. Anti-Asian Racism.David Haekwon Kim & Ronald R. Sundstrom - 2023 - American Philosophical Quarterly 60 (4):411-424.
    Over the last twenty-five years, philosophers have offered increasingly more sophisticated accounts of the nature and wrongness of racism. But very little in this literature discusses what is distinctive to anti-Asian racism. This gap exists partly because philosophy, like much of U.S. culture, has been influenced by civic narratives that center anti-black racism in ways that leave vague anti-Asian racism. We discuss this conceptual gap and its effects on understanding anti-Asian racism. In response to this problem, we offer an account (...)
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  49. Structural Racism Within Reason.Alisa Bierria - 2023 - American Philosophical Quarterly 60 (4):355-368.
    In this discussion, I engage the politics of intention to explore how structural racism structures the production of meaning and the practice of reason. Building on María Lugones's analysis of intention formation as a form of practical reasoning, I explore the reasoning at work during the 2011 Stand Your Ground (SYG) hearing of black survivor of domestic violence, Marissa Alexander, to contend that structural racism—in this case, both intimate personal violence and intimate state violence against black women—enacts race/gender domination through (...)
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  50. What Does it Mean to Say “The Criminal Justice System is Racist”?Amelia M. Wirts - 2023 - American Philosophical Quarterly 60 (4):341-354.
    This paper considers three possible ways of understanding the claim that the American criminal justice system is racist: individualist, “patterns”-based, and ideology-based theories of institutional racism. It rejects an individualist explanation of institutional racism because such an explanation fails to explain the widespread prevalence of anti-black racism in this system or indeed in the United States. It considers a “patterns” account of institutional racism, where consistent patterns of disparate racial effect mimic the structure of intentional projects of racial subjugation like (...)
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